tv Railroad History in Vermont CSPAN November 19, 2017 6:15pm-6:26pm EST
we have an interesting collection of buildings, historic structures, workplaces, we were founded in 1929 i henry ford, who more than anything wanted to preserve day to day life as he knew it as a child in the 19th century. the speed of life was changing hefast that as a result, thought things were being lost and he thought it was important to preserve them. >> you can watch this and other american artifacts programs by visiting our website at c-span.org/history. c-span, where history unfolds daily. in 1979, c-span was created as a public service by america's cable-television company. it is brought to you today by your cable or satellite provider.
>> i'm at the historic train station at the shelburne museum, c-span is learning more about the history. join us as we take a look at the rail history of vermont. chip: here we are at the train station at the shelburne museum, built in 1890 by dr. william stuart webb, a rutland railroad, and service with the central vermont railway as well. it was essentially built to help out with passenger rail service for this region, but perhaps more importantly for the availability of the webbs to be able to travel as they wish, to go to their summer home, the down to new york city mayor to -- or to other areas around the country.
it was built for shelburne, however, and it served passenger rail service up until 1953. when that stopped at that point, passenger rail service in this region. it was then given to the shelburne museum for posterity's sake, to allow people to be able to see it, and with much of the railroad memorabilia that is seen in these stations. it was part of our founder's collection over time. the museum, which is not far away. it is probably a little less than a mile, one of the shortest moves for the building of the shelburne museum. this is a traveling passenger rail car at the grand isle,
built in 1899 by the palace wagner card company just before it changed ownership to the holman company at the time. the president of the rutland railroad, dr. william seward webb, also had use of this car up until 1915 with a rutland railroad as a passenger car for personal use and company business to get from different areas within the region, and perhaps even down to new york city. the other interesting notes about this car, it was often used by a former vermont governor. it was actually given to him -- or he purchased it -- i am not exactly sure. but he took the car to a place where he had a summer camp, and he used it for transportation up into there as well. it came into the museum's
collection later in the 1950's. it probably ran on a regular basis up until 1914. it changed ownership to the governor, the former governor of the state of vermont, and it became part of the canadian railway system for a number of decades. it came to the museum in the late 1950's, around 1960. j watson webb junior wanted to have an exhibit of how the family moved about the country when they were up here in their summer home, on the lake. the capability come almost on the whim of their fingertips to be able to go to the train station on a private car and go
where they needed to go. it was some but he wanted to bring to the museum and show how folks traveled and how his family had traveled here around the country. it was brought here, and it was restored, mahogany paneling within it. we are just now really understanding the program announced of this private car. the locomotive to 20 was built in 1915 for the vermont railway company, and it is a medium-sized locomotive. it is coal-fired, steam powered, and it has roughly 28,000 pounds pull, andle traction that means from a starting point, it can pull 28,000 pounds. it can also get up to about 50 miles an hour with 1500 horsepower, but that depended largely on the firemen and the
engineers to be able to build the proper fire to get enough steam out of it to get it going that fast. it is a 460 configuration, for front wheels, six driving wheels, also called a 10-wheeler. we are fortunate to have it here at the shelburne museum. it was the last locomotive to run in vermont on the central vermont railway. it was often termed as the president's locomotive or the president's train because it helped pull special passenger cars for calvin coolidge, herbert hoover, franklin d. roosevelt, dwight eisenhower, and even had special trip for my -- a special excursion train for winston churchill in 1941 when he was visiting canada and the u.s. the 220 was able to handle both
freight and passenger service, which was not typical of all steam locomotives, but that meant it had the hook up. that is why it was also used for special excursions for the presidents' tours, again, the presidents who used it, it had the capability. >> our cities tour staff recently traveled to burlington, vermont to learn about its rich history. learn about burlington and other stops on our tour at c-span.org/citiestour. you are watching american history tv on c-span3. >> as he walked into the room first, he was wearing military camouflage fatigues with the
blood dropped emblem right here. chestitial kkk on his embroidered across his beret were nights of the ku klux klan. he had a semi automatic handgun in a holster. he came in, followed by mr. kelly, the grand dragon in a suit and tie. when he entered the room and turned the corner, he saw me and froze. mr. kelly bumped into his back. they stumbled and regained their balance, looking all around the room. i knew what they were thinking, clerk gave them the wrong room number, or this was an ambush. to display myhis hands -- i went like this to display my hands, i approached him and said hi mr. kelly, come on in. >> for the past 30 years,
darrell davis has befriended ku klux klan members to understand their hatred and convince them that they are wrong, tonight at 8:00 eastern on "q&a" on c-span. >> american history tv is on c-span3 every weekend, featuring museum tours, archival films, and programs on the presidency, the civil war, and more. here is a clip from a recent program. flag, interested in the to follow up on something david attitudes onhanged the public display of the flag and reached number my to take it down. if you look at polling data with the flag stands for, southern pride or racism, has change. our understanding of whether the war was about slavery hasn't changed. if we take the monuments down
without the deliberative confrontation of what we have never faced, which is slavery in american society, it may be a good thing, but it's a good thing that hasn't gone far enough. watch this and other american history programs on our website, where all of our video is archived. c-span.org/history. up next from the 34th annual winston churchill conference, father and son historians paul bew and john bew gives separate talks on within churchill's relationship with ireland,'s influence on clement attlee, who served as british prime minister from 1945-1951. this event is about 45 minutes. good morning, everybody. it's such a pleasure to be here in a room with fellow