tv Railroad History in Vermont CSPAN November 25, 2017 10:15am-10:26am EST
>> you can watch this and other american artifacts programs by visiting our website at c-span.org/history. touringr, c-span is cities across the country, export american history. next, a look at our recent visit to burlington, vermont. you are watching american history to become all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. chip: here we are at the train at the shelburne museum, 1895 by dr. william steward webb, a rutland railroad, and service with the central vermont railway as well. it was essentially built to help out with passenger rail service for this region, but perhaps more importantly for the
availability of the webbs to be able to travel as they wished, to go to their summer home, the -- to go to their summer home and down to new york city mayor , and to other areas around of the country. it was billed for shelburne, however, and is served passenger rail service up until 1953. when that stopped at that point, passenger rail service in this region. and it was then given to the museum for posterity's sake, to allow people to be able to see it. it is exhibited with much of the railroad memorabilia that is seen in these stations. of the founders collection at the time. it was moved overland from shelburne here to the museum, which is not far away. it is probably a little less than a mile, one of the shortest moves for the building of the shelburne museum.
this is a traveling passenger rail car at the grand isle, built in 1899 by the palace wagner car company just before it changed ownership to the pullman company at that time. the president of the rutland railroad, dr. william seward webb, also had use of this car up until 1915 with a rutland railroad as a passenger car for personal use and company business to get from different areas within the region, and perhaps even down to new york city. the other interesting notes about this car, it was often used by a former vermont governor. it was actually given to him, or
he purchased it, i am not exactly sure. but he took the car to a place in canada where he had a summer camp, and he used it for transportation up into there as well. it came into the museum's collection later in the 1950's. it probably ran on a regular basis up until 1914. it changed ownership to the governor, the former governor of the state of vermont, and it became part of the canadian railway system for a number of decades. it came to the museum in the late 1950's, around 1960. j. watson webb junior wanted to have an exhibit of how the family moved about the country when they were up here in their summer home on the lake.
and the capability that they had, it was almost at the whim of their fingertips, going to the train station on a private car and going where they needed to go. something he wanted to bring to the museum and show how folks travel and how his family had traveled here around the country. it was brought here, and it was restored, mahogany paneling within it. and we are just now really the -- of this private car. builtcomotive to 20 was -- 220 was built in 1915 for the central vermont railway company. it is a medium-sized locomotive. it is coal-fired and steam powered. and it has roughly 28,000 pounds thatable traction pull,
means from a starting point pull 28,000an pounds. it can also get up to about 50 miles an hour with 1500 horsepower, but that depended largely on the firemen and the engineers to be able to build the proper fire to get enough steam out of it to get it going that fast. configuration. also called a 10 wheeler. we are fortunate to have it here at the shelburne museum. it was actually the last locomotive to run in vermont on the central vermont railway. often termed as the president's locomotive or the president's train because it held special passenger cars for coolidge, herbert hoover, franklin d. roosevelt, dwight eisenhower, and even have
had a special trip as an excursion train for winston churchill in 1941 when he was visiting canada and the u.s. the 220 was able to handle both breaks and passenger service, which is not typical of locomotives of all steam , locomotives, but that meant it had a special hook up. that is why it was also used for special exclusions, for the presidents' tours, again, the presidents who used to come in and use it, and it had that special capability on the track. staff cities tour recently traveled to burlington, vermont to learn about its rich history. learn more about burlington and other stops at c-span.org/citiestour. you are watching american history tv, all weekend, every
weekend on c-span3. this weekend on the presidency, joe weekend gives life to theodore roosevelt in a portrayal before the lincoln group in the district of columbia. he requests -- he recounts his life and times, including his ascension to the white house after mckinley's assassination. here is a preview. >> i sadly came to the presidency through the graveyard, through the assassination of president mckinley occurring september 16, he was shot. i raced from a dinner to be by his side. physiciansdays, his assured me and members of the cabinet that the president would recuperate from his wounds. the cabinet felt it would do the nation's anxiety and wall street's anxiety some good if i would go on a planned vacation with my family in the mountains.
i remember the trip will. teddy junior shot his first buck. i climbed the highest point in new york state. and it lived up to its name. when i reached the apex, the clouds split and my god showed me the bodies of water in the mountains for 360 degrees around. when we came down and have lunch, the hunting guide known to me was coming up the path, rushing with what appeared to be a telegram in his hands. i knew it to be bad news. the telegram was from john hayes, who had been private secretary to lincoln, now mckinley's secretary of state. informed me that the president was dying in buffalo and i was needed. terribly sad news to come to the presidency through the graveyard. unfortunately for president mckinley, the two positions -- physicians treating his wounds were both obstetricians, neither
of whom had ever treated a gunshot wound. when i reached north creek along the hudson river that morning on the 14th, another telegram, this from john hague, stating at 2:15 a.m. president mckinley had died. - your 26thou're 26 - -yo president. i rushed to the train. in on delaware avenue buffalo, for one of only four times the american president took the oath of office not in the nation's capital, in a borrowed suit, took the oath of office without a bible in hand, stating briefly beforehand that it would be my aim of the policies of the mckinley a ministration of peace, prosperity and the american people go with -- people, would remain unbroken. >> watch the entire program sunday at 8:00 p.m. and midnight eastern. this is american history tv,
only on c-span3. >> up next from the 34th annual , winston churchill conference, father and son historians paul bew and john bew give separate talks on within churchill's relationship with island, his influence on clement attlee, who served as british prime minister from 1945-1951. this event is about 45 minutes. [applause] >> good morning, everybody. it's such a pleasure to be here in a room with fellow churchillians sharing stories and planning out what inspired you about winston, it has been a very lovely day and a half. we are more than experts on the family life of winston churchill. it was very exciting yesterday