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tv   Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev 1988 New Years Day Messages  CSPAN  December 31, 2017 11:30am-11:46am EST

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gave new year's day messages. the two leaders inside the inf treaty to eliminate intermediate nuclear missiles. present reagan addressed the soviet people from the white house and general secretary gorbachev address the american people from the kremlin. this is about 10 minutes. >> good evening. this is ronald reagan, president of the united states. i'm speaking to you, the peoples of the soviet union on the occasion of the new year. i know that in the soviet union as it is all around the world, this is a season of hope and expectation. a time for family to gather together, a time for prayer and a time to think about peace. that is true in america too. americans traveled across the country in their cars, by train or by airplane to be together with their families. came to thens united states mother countries and at this time of year, they
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look forward to hosting friends and family from their homelands. most of us celebrate christmas or hanukkah and is part of the celebrations, we go to church or synagogue and then gather around the family dinner table after giving thanks for our blessings, we share a traditional holiday meal of goose, turkey, roast beef and exchange gifts. on new year's eve we gather again. like you, we raise our glasses and a toast to the year to come. hopes for ourselves, for families and for our nation and the world. this year, the future of the nation and the world is particularly honor minds. we are thinking of our nation because of the year ahead. we americans will choose a next president. every adult citizen has a role to play in the making of this decision. we will listen to what the candidates say, we will debate their views and our own and in november we will vote. i will still be president next
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january, but soon after that, the man or woman leading our country will be the one the american people pet as is this coming november. as i've said, we americans will also be thinking about the future of the world this year. the same reasons you will be thinking of it as well. in a few months, general secretary gorbachev and i hope to meet once again, this time in moscow, last month in washington we signed the intermediate nuclear forces treaty in which we agreed to eliminate an entire class of u.s. and soviet nuclear weapons. steps a history making towards reducing the nuclear arms of both sides. it was just a beginning. soviet andva, the american representatives are discussing a 50% reduction in strategic nuclear weapons. perhaps we can have a treaty ready to sign by the spring. the world prays that we will. we on the american side are
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determined to try. we have a vision of the world safe from the threat of nuclear war. and indeed all war. such a world with have far fewer missiles and other weapons. today, both america and the soviet union have an opportunity to develop a defensive shield against ballistic missiles. a defensive shield that will threaten no one. the committed to pursuing possibility that technology offers. the general secretary and i also anticipate continuing our talks about other issues and deep concern to our peoples. for example, the expansion of contact between our peoples and more information flowing across our borders. expanding contacts and information will require decisions about life at home that will have an impact on relations abroad. this is also true in the area of human rights. as you know, we americans are concerned about human rights,
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including freedoms of speech, press, worship and travel. we will never forget that a wise man once said violence does not live alone and is not capable of living alone, it is necessarily interwoven with falsehood. silence is a form of falsehood. we will always speak out on behalf of human dignity. we americans are also concerned as i know you are, about senseless conflict in a number of regions. in some instances, regimes backed by foreign military power are oppressing their own peoples. giving rise to popular resistance and the spread of fighting upon their borders. , includingthers soviet mothers, have wept over the graves of their fallen sons. true peace means not only preventing a big war, but ending smaller ones as well. effortswhy we support to find just, negotiated
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solutions acceptable to the peoples who are suffering in regional wars. there is no such thing as inevitability in history. we can choose to make the world safer and freer if we have courage. courage is something neither of our peoples have ever lacked. we have been allies in a terrible war, a war in which the the ages and gave enduring testament to courage. let us consecrate this year to showing not kurds for war, but courage for peace. we go this to mankind. we owe this to our children and their children and generations to calm. happy new year, thank you and god bless you. ladies and gentlemen, friends . as we celebrate the new year, i am glad to address the citizens of the united states of america
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and to convey to you seasons greetings and best wishes from all soviet people. of january is the day when we take stock of the past year and try to look ahead into the coming year. 1987 ended with an event which can be regarded as a good omen. washington, the president reagan and i signed the treaty on the elimination of intermediate and shorter range missiles. that treaty marks the first step along the path of reducing nuclear arms and that is its enduring value. but the treaty also has another merit. it has brought our two peoples together. we are entering the new year with a hope for continued progress. progress towards a safer world.
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there ready to continue negotiations on reducing view toc arms with a signing a treaty to that effect in the first half of this year. we would like without delay to address the problem of cutting back drastically conventional forces in europe. inare ready for interaction resolving other problems including regional ones. i think it can be said that one of the features of the past year was the growing mutual interests our two peoples took in each other. contact between soviet american young people, war veterans, scientists, teachers, astronauts, businessmen and cultural leaders have expanded greatly. strands, thoseof
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contacts are beginning to we into what i would call a tangible fabric of trust and growing mutual understanding. it is the duty of soviet and american political leaders to keep in mind this sentiment of the people in their countries and to affect their will in political decisions. the soviet people are getting down to work in the new year with an awareness of their great responsibility for the present and future. there will be profound changes in our country. along the lines of continued perestroika, radical economic reform. in the final analysis, all of this will move on to a broad avenue of accelerated development. we know that you americans have quite a few problems to. and are grappling with those me must, i feel you and
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remember what's truly important, human life is equally priceless weather in the soviet union, the united states, or in any other country. let a spare no effort to a farm peace on earth. gentlemen, during the official departure ceremony in washington, i said with regret that on that visit i had had little chance to see america. however that i did understand what is most important about the american people and that is their enormous stock of goodwill. theme assure you that soviet people have an equally great stock of goodwill.
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putting into full use is the most noble and responsible task of government and political leaders in our two countries. if they could only do that. what is but a dream today will come true. a lasting peace and an end to an arms race, wider ranging trade. cooperation combating hunger, disease and environmental problems. in ensuring human rights and resulting other humanitarian issues. 1988he coming year of become an important milestone as we move down that road. in concluding, this address to the people of the united states peace,ica, i wish happiness and joy to every american family. a happy new year to all of you.
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a tweet from madman across the water asking about an issue that still resounds today and his question is about how many people were fathered by gis in vietnam. how are they treated 45 years after the to the u.s. departure. >> you could be featured during our next live program, join the conversation on facebook at facebook.com/c-span history and on twitter @cspanhistory. >> monday night on "the communicators." a look at the internet, broadband expansion at 5g with u.s. telecom president and ceo jonathan's baltzer interviewed by senior tech and telecom reporter for bloomberg law. >> you mentioned the group you represent the company represents
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a lot of work to do. can you talk a little bit about that. you're a lot about five g networks. these ultrafast, ultradense wireless broadband networks. can you talk about how we get to that stage. ingredients -- a special greeting is not only extending more americans, but also ensuring our global debt are continuing to make the investments to buy the fiber and resources and instructors and get more broadband. it takes a lot of work. it takes the right amount of investment, and the right time of business model. it also takes the right types of smart 21st century policy frameworks that can actually accelerate in advance and instead -- watch "the communicators" on
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c-span two. this weekend on american history tv, historian james oakes talks about the consequences of fugitive slave laws. he talks about tensions between slave and free states over fugitive slaves was one of the leading factors in the 1850's leading to the civil war. here is a preview. >> in the immediate aftermath of 17 87, northern states acting on the principle pass a series of laws allowing slaveholders to sojourn with their slaves in northern states. southern owners could bring this plays with them. interstates were slavery had been or was being abolished. after 1830, northern states began to restrict the rights and by the 1850's it was legally dangerous for southern slaveholders to travel with their slaves to must northern states.
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by far the greatest legal emancipationradual was the fugitive slave clause. an obstacle that proved in the potent -- the most second only to the territorial expansion of slavery. we will return to the fugitive slave issue later on. for now i want to issue the secrets of events in the 1850's needs to be understood with a broader background of his broadening trajectories. against the gradual emancipation of the north, a less familiar part of the story. watch the entire program at 4:30 p.m. eastern. a mad just american history tv only on c-span. american university lecturer erin bell teaches a class about
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privacy laws and federal surveillance with civil rights leaders. he describes the mid-20th century creation of the counterintelligence program pro andlled co-intel are infiltrating of domestic political organizations. welcome to class everybody. today we will talk about the history of government surveillance and the central question of what to think about today is can intelligence agencies operate in a democratic society and be successful in protecting the government and its citizens while also upholding those same citizens rights, especially the right to dissent. our liberty and security compatible? foroubt there is a need intelligence communities to operate.

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