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tv   Reel America Army- Navy Screen Magazine 21 - 1944  CSPAN  November 3, 2018 10:19pm-10:45pm EDT

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>> the army-navy screen magazine magazine was a news and information and entertainment report to sign for servicemen and shown in all military movie theaters during world war ii. the u.s. army signal corps produce the film's under the supervision of frank capra who originated the series. reel america, an episode from early 1944. next. this 20 minute report includes a los angelest high school students working in aircraft factories, a cartoon featuring "private snafu" and a profile of the marine cameramen who filmed the brutal
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invasion of tarawa, 75 years ago in november of 1943. the final scenes show graphic scenes of death that may disturb some viewers. [video clip] ♪ navy anthemsand playing] ♪ narrator: remember her? the girl -- in the old jalopy? sure, you do. kids are still ordering a
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stillith two straws, passing the fraternity pins around. here at garfield high -- it reading, writing and riveting now. riveting. and a lot ofng other subjects the junior set never took before. here is what the well-dressed co-ed wears a garfield. here's a new kind of jukebox. working right in their own school radio, subcontractor supplying parts for southern california aircraft companies. these 16 to 18-year-old garfield kids spend four hours a day on their classroom studies and four hours on the production line. the school insist they keep up their grades, too. these doesn't faze them a bit.
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here is a new style of jitterbug. the day of the big football game, the game of games -- brother, that's patriotism. the old ra ra stuff is nowhere for the duration. they are too busy with the rivet guns. stuff they turn out must pass all government requirements. and army air force inspectors cannot praise their work -- planes too highly. here at lockheed aircraft, they are trying -- a new power. cooperating with the board of education, lockheed has taken the lead in hiring high school boys on a part-time basis. size takesjigs this them right out of the tinker class. they are big-time now. small fry>? ? sure. but don't let anybody tell you
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these youngsters are not doing a man sized job, working side-by-side with older men who treat them like one of themselves -- the lowest absentee lateness record of any group. a stiffrn fast at pace. there is not any job to bigger too small. there is no time for horseplay. others go to school for a month. all of them are helping the lockheed meet production goals. there are millions of boys all over the country able in action to -- and anxious to roll up their sleeves. here is what the boys think about it. >> this is mighty good training. is,most th important part is winning the war. even if it is only a little bit. >> i'm from texas. i'm going to be a navy flyer.
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then, i can take my crack at the japs this way. >> i help -- airplanes are important. frome who need -- come miles around. if the goats aren't milked, these sick people have a hard time. goats milks is more easily digested. so, i guess, i'm helping people on both jobs. they carry with them the hopes and dreams of the helped put kids who them in the sky. ♪
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.> "private snafu" " ♪ snafurman. ♪ lights out! i am trying to do some brain work. how the hell do you expect a guy to study with all that racket going on? >> study? ah, nuts. what you got to give them dopes is belly full of lead. >> hello, super man. >> huh? well, if i was superman i would bet you i would show them plenty. as technical,
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first-class, i know -- i now pronounce you snafuferman. >> oh, boy. enemies of democracy beware. ♪ ithis looks like a job for snafu-ferman! hey, wait! you forgot your navigation maps! >> thank you very much. but i am not bombing berlin with maps this season. [chocolate] huckles] -- [chuckles] ah, berlin.
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[airplanes racing overhead] pardon me, but did you drop this? our ouricans are on side, you know. ♪ ah ha! a lumbering japanese tank. out, you disturber of world peace. coughs] general, whoo! ooh.
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[fanfare] [sirens] ole mess of messerschmitz. trying to bomb our port, eh? [tires screeching] ♪ there. outarmless as a burnt match. [ticking] [explosion]
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♪ too bad. poor superman. >> is there anything i can do for you? >> yes, there is. i would appreciate it if you could -- get me a field manual! ♪ >> >> this is the army-navy screen magazine cutting room. they come in from battle fronts all over the world. the marine staff started -- normant's 22-year-old from boston, massachusetts. the sergeant when in with the first wave on the landing, armed
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with a pistol and a hand camera and fought back -- and brought back a film record that looks as though it was taken through a front mind gunfight. .> let me see the other side that is the best combat film i have ever seen. when an army man says that to brothera -- to a marine he means it. >> we had plenty of camera and film, but we did not have any japs. >> how many cameras did you take in with you? >> 10 cameras. >> he got his camera wet the first day. >> that left us with two cameras. we took in about 5000 feet of film. i only shot 2000. >> only 2000? >> i take my shots. >> did you shoot much film on the ships? >> do you want to see it? l. i have seen the news ree
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net --hot stuff on the on the way over and the navy boys shot some stuff on the wagons. i was trying to save film but it was my first big job and there were a couple of things i had to take. on the last day out they celebrated mass. 24 hours later, a lot of those fellows were dead. the navy steward baked a cake. funny when wem so hit the beach on the next day. every marine, including the cameramen, there was much about the operation as a seo. -- a co. we were going out to a move that would drive them out of that part of the pacific up until their bases in the martial a couple of hundred miles north. the day was the 20th of
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november. [bombs exploding] at zeroaval bombs begin 500. 500. one thing i did not want to take a picture of was the japs headed for my boat. our army planes were pacing the island for five days. it did not seem like anyone could have lived through that bombing. i served with the marines for five years, more than half were veterans. we did not think there would be japslifve haps left -- left on the island. we were waiting around. everybody got a kick out of watching the wagons unload on the target. [bombs exploding]
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2800 tons of bombs and shells hit the beaches. we packed shells but we figured we would not have to dig any graves.s, only jap [bombs exploding] there was a heavy smoke coming off the island carried along by an easterly breeze. still answering our fire when we headed in. the water was choppy. these pictures were taken 1000 yards from shore. towere heading straight in the bloodiest operation in the history of the marine corps, but we still thought it would be a picnic. there was a gasoline dump going
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up. we kept about 100 planes in the sky all the time. japs along the beach. began to get out of range. we had to get out about 400 yards of chris -- of terrific crossfire. these shots were made a few minutes after the landing. beach,s were hugging the trying to get their wind after the 400 yard push. there wasn't going to be any 24 hour operation. there were plenty of jobs -- japs on the island and they decided to die there. spent every day and night for 15 months getting the island ready for a fight. that was about 15 feet wide.
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[bombs exploding] [gunfire] we had machine gun and rifle cap coming ataps us china wipe out the machine gun. there is one of them. that sniper is going to be on another.
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there is a squatter there. it was hot that day and i was sweating. [gunfire] the camera tells the truth but it does not give you any idea of how it smells. the smell on that island was bad. the wounded started going back six minutes after we hit the beach. the stretcher bearers were the unsung heroes.
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plenty of them got hit. stretcher bearers loaded the wounded onto rafts and push them out to the boat off the reef. that was the only way of getting them out. we could not load them on at the p or because of the snipers -- peir because of the snipers. we lost more than 1000 marines. or than 2000 were wounded. i served with them for 15 months and i knew a lot of them. that marine,day the one without the helmet with hunting when he found a couple of japs in that foxhole. got 5700 men.
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imperial japanese marine defending an island that was two miles square. that gives you an idea of how important it got 5700 men. imperial japanese was in their . it was the stiffest price they have ever paid in one of the greatest defeats. two thethose brothers. ♪ we brought in a few japanese prisoners for intelligence. no more than a couple of hundred. that sniper was nearly six feet tall. the prisoners had to be stripped to keep them from concealing weapons and they would hide a weapon anywhere. they were still hooked over -- cooked over the idea that they were superman, even after they were captives. the room and whose country who were captured by the japanese. when we got back to pro harbor they told us that roosevelt, had got their independence am the same day we save these koreans from the japanese.
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i took these pictures the day before thanksgiving. ♪ the camera gives you a good idea the kind of desolation that berlin and tokyo had wished on the world. the equipment we found has been brought in from all over. that twoey would have by four unloaded from every country they have overrun. none of it was much good to them after the second day of fighting with guns knocked out and the gunners dead. the smell of water brought her out. that is me giving her the water. the other cameramen took the picture. to takingt around
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freshwater baths on the third day. boy, they needed them. abees were already working on it on the island. they begin to function as an advanced airbase. they brought the first plane in. everybody got around to watch the flag go up. a lot of good guys were not there anymore. i am glad i got these pictures, because when you remember the roaches you have been fighting and the things they represented, and when you saw the flag go up and saw the freedom that flag stood for, you knew you were in on a good thing. ♪ films can watch archival
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on public affairs on our weekly "reel "rell america -- .merica" best-sellingimes author is our guest on in-depth fiction edition, our live call-in program on sunday at noon eastern. her most recent book is "a spark of light." she has also written five issues of the wonder woman comic book comics.or dc watch in-depth fiction addition from noon toodi 3:00 p.m. eastern on sunday. watch next month when author brad will be our guest on book tv on c-span 2. weekend on the
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presidency. ronald reagan's attorney general talks about the 40th president's views on communism and his relationship with pope john paul ii at a conference organized by the right -- white house writers group. here is a preview. >> one of the things he knew was coming was because in the 1940's, when he was president of , thecreen actors guild communist party usa was trying to take over the movie industry the cousin wanted to use it for propaganda and so they will in -- they were infiltrating the various unions. stage managers union, they tried to take over the screen actors guild. so ronald reagan literally let all of those unions in defeating the communist. backup them interested in the the communist. backup them interested in the subject and he read a great deal about it. so he formed his own idea by the time he became governor and was already talking about these
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ideas of how do we overcome what was our than enemy in the cold war. you put it just now had never occurred to me just now. we listen this morning to the panel of polls talk about what communism was like. for ronald reagan in hollywood in those days it was not like living in poland. he had direct experience of them. the point where he would come to work in the studio's armed because there were threats on his life. >> watch the entire interview with ronald reagan's attorney general on the presidency, sunday at 8:00 p.m. and -- and midnight eastern on american history tv. on american history tv, historian stephen talks about his book "bureau of spies: the secret connections between espionage and journalism in washington." and espionage that took place
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inside the building where he gives this talk. he details how spies for nazi germany, japan, the soviet union and the cia operated from world war ii through the cold war inside the building that stands just a few blocks from the white house. the national press club and the spy museum cohosted this hour and 15 minute long event. >> good evening, welcome to the national press club. wonderful people. former presidents. that is the way it should be. my name is gil, i am a former president of the club, chairman of the history and heritage committee, and a bureau chief for the brand-new gaylord news service. our like to welcome you to the club and welcomed those of you who are here because you are associated with the spy museum, which is the international spy museum


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