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tv   American Artifacts Dole Institute of Politics  CSPAN  January 13, 2019 6:00pm-6:31pm EST

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the country when it comes to medications capacity and as a nation, falling behind in a global rates to be the places where new ideas come from. >> watch at 8:00 eastern on c-span two. bob dole served kansas and congress. and, assistant director and senior archivist at the dole institute of politics shares stories about the senator's life and career and highlights his legislative accomplishments. >> january of this year 2018 bob the highest honor
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that can be distilled on anyone. is completely unique and tells the story of the person receiving it. on the riverside we have week, farming landscape in honor of his home state. lewis -- greatness lies in not in what office you hold. that's a quoted from the acceptance speech for the republican nomination in 1996. delegates and fellow citizens. i cannot say it more clearly than in place that plain speaking, i accept your nomination to lead our party once again as presidents of the united states.
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>> the dole institute was founded in 2003 under director richard norton smith. we have built a wonderful program of archives, history and museum components as a robust student culture. and the exhibit tells the story of senator dole from his roots in kansas all the way up until today. lives through the great depression and the festival in north-central kansas. homeother worked in the and did sales, anything to support the family. bob dole works at the drugstore. and his soda jerk experience, creating people and joking with people, widely credited with developing the atmosphere.
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senator dole went to the university of kansas in 1941. , asas very active socially he will tell you. working hard in his studies, but of course we know that pearl harbor happened later that year. there were lots of parties and social gatherings as they bid farewell to many of their friends. senator doland through several years of officer training before being called to the front in 1945. it was in the hills in italy .here he was wounded he laid on the ground for eight hours and expected to die. on -- in his own
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blood. spend the better part of three years recovering, he was paralyzed from the neck down. ultimately recovering. . kansas ande back to people understood he wasn't the wounded veteran, he was just someone with a disability and people's expectations for people with disabilities in society were not high. he knew what his potential was. he started to become conscious of the fact that there was a huge section of people who could be more involved in democracy and need some assistance in being able to realize their own potential. when he was attending washburn university, he went to law school. an interesting artifact was a disc recorder he took to record
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his lectures. he lost use of his right arm and hand. the lectures and the recordings really helped him. he would take notes and transpose them. he recorded lectures made him a popular guy among classmates. you can also understand the impact of going to law school from memory and intellectual and mental rigor would go on to as he would move on to national leadership. decided to pursue national office. and duringaduated his time as a student he served as a member of the kansas state representatives. became a capable
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leader in the state who encouraged him to run for national office. from hisials here are 1916 campaign. really fun campaign memorabilia. his first opponent's name was a gentleman by the name of philip doyle. so you can imagine with name recognition and whether it is dole or doyle, you better come up with something good, so they served dole pineapple juice to help people remember that it was dole, not doyle. i have a selection of materials pulled from our collection that documents the legislative legacy
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of senator bob dole. this is a letter to bob dole in 1945. the first sentence of that letter, daddy called to tell me we had a letter from you and i knew something was wrong. this was the first q received after he was wounded, from his mother, sent overseas when he was in the hospital. this is one of my favorite pieces in the archives. this is a typed, personal statement by bob dole written in the early 1950's. the title is, "how i overcame my physical handicap." i possessed the feeling of security and pride which accompanied the wearing of the uniform, and the transformation from soldier to civilian left me with a helpless feeling. he goes on to talk about that feeling of having a visible disability and diminished expectations from society, and his life animated him to do more
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for himself and people with disabilities. this press release from 1969 is an important piece. it is announcing his first speech on the senate floor. he was elected to the senate in 1968. in as a freshman senator, the first statement he made was to advocate for people with disabilities. and he says handicapped persons represent a group which knows no racial, ethnic or religious boundaries, a minority group no one joins by choice, composed of infants, children and the elderly, and he goes on to say all these people have a right to work, to build a life,
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participate in our democracy, and that sets the stage for his work in the senate advocating for people with disabilities and culminating with the americans with disabilities act. the next pieces are also from senator dole's early career and advocacy for families of pows and mias during vietnam. this is a promotional poster for the appeal for international justice. senator dole is one of the earliest allies of wives whose husbands were reported missing in the war in vietnam. these women did not have public support from the government or the community because they were
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asked not to talk about the situation. senator dole was one of their earliest advocates in the senate, something we credit him by bringing bipartisan awareness for these women and their cause. you can see the poster there is a collection of folks from congress and going democratic minority leader mike mansfield sponsoring this event. this rally would go on to have women participate in the release of their husbands. another area where senator goals spent much -- senator dole spent much time was to help people acquire the means to nutrition. one of those programs is what we now call snap, the food stamp program and others. and when we are talking about bipartisanship, senator george mcgovern, a democrat, was a longtime ally in that project.
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>> i am proud to be involved in nutrition programs. someone mentioned that earlier. i remember working with senator mcgovern, and that crops up now and then in conservative articles, saying i can't be a conservative because i know george mcgovern. george mcgovern's always been a gentleman. >> he set of miss -- set of out asn that she spoke the republican chairman. after that, after the war they are able to come together and see that there are areas of need . two senators of states with .gricultural bases
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this talks about center dot all's career in the senate in the 1980's. he is elected to republican majority leader and becomes the republican leader in the majority of that time. letter from his longtime friend and colleague. he and the senator went back a long time. there is a great story where the senator says, to bob dole, who hasn't owned an arm. he says why don't you get that thing cut off? these men bonded as soldiers and discussed how they had great plans for themselves. therel see who gets first. i'm here, where are you?
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this celebrates the saving of social security. we have credit -- have president ronald reagan signing the amendment into law. in 1981, social security was in crisis and senator dole and other folks worked together on the greenspan commission. >> that will take care of a lot of the mail received from people saying, if members of congress aren't covered, how can you understand the problem? members of congress and the social security administrator would be included, and the president, vice president? don't leave anybody out. [laughter] >> i thought you were going to try to enunciate the whole executive branch of government. >> i would judge universal means universal.
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let's make it clear, we like to make certain members of congress don't have any advantage. they almost didn't do it . it wasn't until the waning weeks of 1982 that bob dole and pat moynihan went rogue, behind the scenes with the gang of seven as they called it, to come to common compromise to get the work done to make the solution, and they were successful, they did it and they presented the social security amendments of 1983 and the president signed it. the last item i will speak about is a clipping from "the wall street journal" from 1982, documenting senator dole is a compromise agent in saving the voting rights act in 1982 and promoting the renewal. it was not a foregone conclusion that the voting rights act was
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going to be renewed in 1982. there was a lot of republican resistance. robert dole, again showing his leadership within the republican party. he was not yet the republican leader at the time. he was able to present the voting rights act renewal as something that was palatable. >> we are at the processing room in the dole institute of politics. where we do a lot of our hands-on work with the collection. we will process collections as they come in and catalog them and work on fabricating exhibits.
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our collections are extremely large. we measured the shelf space that were occupied by our collection, and that equals two football fields. we lined it up. we have several thousand boxes of papers in the neighbor of 7000 objects. our collections are still growing today. i pulled out a few of my favorite items from the we have things that show off his legislative a competence and needs, showing more of his personal side. -- he is aely able teddy bear in our collection.
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worked first few years i here i had no idea who he was beyond his little tag. when we were doing research for an exhibit we were doing on the 1976 election -- when dole ran as vice president, i found stories in our oral history collection and then pictures with despair -- with this bear. all the campaign stops, he was greeting the crowd. he would tell despair joke. >> bartender gives him a beer. he says how much is that? he says wait a minute -- goes to and he wants to know
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how much to charge it. $4.50. another beer, puts down five dollars, takes a change and starts to walk out. and the bartender says, before you leave, i'm just wondering, if you don't mind my asking, we don't get many bears in here. and the bear said, at $4.50 a beer, it's no wonder. >> and with the ground, it was a new joke, but the press that traveled with him heard this joke at every stop, sometimes multiple times a day. so attribute to that joke, the press got a teddy bear and gave him his own press credentials and named him bear lee able.
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he traveled around, and we have photos of senator dole with the bear on the plane, and it shows up senator dole's humor as well as the humor of the press and the relationship he had with them during the campaign. we are looking at a letter from senator george mcgovern dated january 18, 1980. my favorite part is halfway down the paper, "it is no secret around this office or with the national press corps that i have developed a genuine admiration and affection for you, bob. with the passage of time, old partisan divides seem less real to me. souch m what we do as senators, and in our lives as a whole, has
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little to do with party labels." this letter is one of my favorites because it shows the dear friendship they developed working together over the decades on important issues, and also shows friendship across party lines. this is a letter from resident george h w bush to senator dole, and you can see that it is dated november 10, 1992, late at night. this is written shortly after bush lost the election in 1992, but he took the time to write a handwritten note to senator dole , and it shows their friendship and the help he received through the election.
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further down the page, it starts, "you have been a true ly noble leader, and as i leave washington i will take a friendship i value, a respect for a true leader. i will always feel thanks, bob, george. this is a terra-cotta tablet that depicts mountain 913, the mountain where senator dole was wounded in italy and world war ii. this plaque was made by someone in the town, and he still maintains a friendship with the town and the people there. he made several trips back, the most recent in 2015. there is a wonderful message from the town on the back of this. the message is in both italian and english, and it says "to
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robert oh, with great merit. the friendship originated 60 years ago during the dark years of the war, lives on, strong and unchanged." ladies and gentlemen, delegates to the convention and fellow citizens. i can not say it more clearly than in plain speaking. i accept your nomination to lead the party once again as president of the united states. [applause] >> so in 1996, senator dole decided to pursue the presidency for the third time. he tried in 1980 and again in 1988, so in 1996, with a republican majority in the senate, he decided to put his hat in the ring and the party supported him in becoming the presidential nominee for the republican party. things did not go as planned. president clinton himself had moved to the center and the last couple of years of his first
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term and that worked against senator dole. also, senator dole's personality, while we celebrate him for his humor and warmth, it did not come across very well in tv appearances and debate the way they would have hoped. many folks remember more the commercials from the 1996 campaign. hi, i'm bob dole, and of always spoken to you frankly no matter what the subject. that's why i am eager to tell you about a product that put joy back in my life. it helps me feel youthful, vigorous and most importantly, vital again. what is this amazing product? my faithful little, blue friend, an ice cold pepsi-cola. you pepsi, viagra, and showcased his sense of humor. he did not come through during the campaign season, unfortunately. remarkably though, one thing that is interesting about the
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campaign, that senator dole modeled this behavior in 1976, was that he campaigned relentlessly. crisscrossing the states, sometimes three or four times in a single day during he wrapped up his presidential campaign with a 96 hour tour as the campaign came to a close, and he was in his 70's at the time, so that would have been arduous for anyone, let alone someone who might be in the 70's. but he showed us what he was worth and gave it his best shot. i was thinking on the way down the elevator, tomorrow will be the first time in my life i don't have anything to do. >> election day 1996, bill clinton was the victor and bob
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dole had to reinvent himself. he was no longer a leader in the senate, but he didn't rest. he was and remains an advocate for veterans and veterans issues, continued to work for food insecurity, the end george mcgovern jointly won the world food prize in 2008. these days he spends a lot of time at the world war ii memorial. he was chairman of the committee that sought to have that memorial built. that was he years long effort on his part. he greets veterans at the world war ii memorial, most of them traveling through honor flights, so he has stayed active. he still works. right now works at a firm in d.c., he has never left d.c. since he went there in 1960. are cities tour staff travel to lawrence, kansas to le about its
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rich history. -- the senate confirmation hearing for william barr to be the next attorney general in the united states begins tuesday at 9:30 a.m. eastern. in december president trump nominated him to replace jeff sessions. a council atis now the lock clerk -- watch the confirmation process live tuesday at 9:30 a.m. eastern. >> this weekend on american history tv, constitutional scholars talk about how the u.s. constitution defines impeachable offenses for the president.
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>> it could be shown that a president authorized or knew about an advance that didn't such hacking or encouraged it, polluted in it, that would be an impeachable offense. >> i think that's right. i think it's important that we confined to are not courts, but the actions of a senate and house impeaching the president's. all providing constitutional precedents. i would say of course you write that the president who contrived to have the headquarters in the ,pposing party burgled
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purloined and published or used in some intimate dating way. precedent, an president who contrived to have the actions of such burglars not investigate or to use the instruments of the federal government to mislead the investigators. even if he did think this was true of next and, was not aware or had not directed the plan. that will be a predicate for impeachment. >> monday night, on the communicators, -- >> what we are talking about a cyber optic technology. it has been around for decades.
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as far as we can tell, unlimited amounts of information to be pumped through it by lasers to be used around the world, and more and more countries are ensuring that every one of their citizens have access to a fiber-optic connection. >> author and harvard law professor discusses the book fiber, the coming tech revolution, why america may miss it. >> there will be no wire better than fiber going to emerge over the next few decades. leading the hind a lot of the country while we break through great medications capacity. >> watch the communicators, monday night at 80 eastern -- 80 eastern.
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>> a panel of historians discuss controversial monuments in the west. topics include 19th-century statues and plaques that honor military leaders who massacred indians. and pioneers, missionaries, and early settlers. they explore similarities and differences between the south and west. this talk is part of the western history association annual meeting. it's about 90 minutes. author of a book called the legacy of conquest. the working title is the burden of western history. it tells you something about the relationship that i found myself in, the southern history. i hope that would see more of it. i was frequently saying i was hoping to do so -- do some thing

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