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tv   American Artifacts Dole Institute of Politics  CSPAN  January 19, 2019 10:00am-10:31am EST

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to 1996, when he became the republican presidential nominee. assistant director and senior archivist at the dole institute of politics shares stories about the senators life and career, and highlights his legislative accomplishments. >> january of this year, 2018, bob dole received the highest honor that congress can bestow on anyone. [applause] each metal is completely unique and tells the story of the person receiving it. so, it says, son of kansas, soldier, statesman.
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have wheat,side, we forming landscape in honor of his home state. greatness lies not in what office you hold but it how honest you are, and how he faced ember is a and in your willingness to stand fast in hard places." that is the quote from his acceptance speech for the republican nomination in 1996. >> delegates and fellow citizens. i cannot say it more clearly than in plain speaking that i accept your nomination to lead our party once again as president of the united states. [applause] >> the dole institute was founded in 2003 under director richard norton smith. we have built a wonderful program of archives, history and museum components as a robust student culture as well. the exhibits tell the story of senator dole from his roots in kansas, all the way up until almost today. he was born in a russell, kansas
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in 1923, and lived through the great depression and the years of the dustbowl in central kansas. his mother worked in the home and did sales, anything to support the family. his father worked in a green elevator and also in a creamery. bob dole worked at the drugstore. he was a soda jerk and his in dealingamerica with people, greeting people and joking with people, was credited ,ith creating the atmosphere his sense of humor, which he also got from his father. senator dole went to the university of kansas in 1941. he joined kappa sigma fraternity and was very active socially, as he will tell you. he spent a lot of his time working as hard as he could on his studies, but of course, we all know that pearl harbor happened later that year. the specter of war was really
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dominant over his years at kansas university. ande were lots of parties social gatherings as of a bid farewell to many of their friends as they went off to fight the war. senator dole went through several years of officer training before being called to the front in 1945. he was called to serve as a platoon leader. it was in the hills in italy where he was wounded, almost mortally. he laid on the ground for eight hours and expected to die. a medic came by and wrote and m on his four head in his own blood. give him some more fan to let folks know, that basically, he was left for dead. he spent the better part of three years recovering. he found out he was paralyzed completely from the neck down, ultimately recovering. , except for his right arm and shoulder. when he came back to kansas and was not wearing his military uniform, people did not understand he was a wounded veteran. he was just someone with a
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disability. expectations for people with disabilities in society were not high. he knew what his potential was. he started to become conscious of the fact that there was a huge section of people who could be more involved in democracy and need some assistance in being able to realize their own potential. when he was attending washburn university in topeka, he went to law school. an interesting artifact he used during that time was a disc recorder he took to record his lectures. he had lost the use of his right arm and hand, he couldn't write with his right hand, for which he was dominant. so the lectures and recordings really helped him. he would listen to the lectures in the evenings and take notes and transpose them. the fact he recorded lectures made him a popular guy among his classmates. they spent a lot of time together studying. you can also understand the
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impact that going to law school, from memory and the intellectual and mental rigor that he would develop during that time would go on to serve him well as he moved on to state and later, national leadership. senator dole decided to pursue office in prior to that, after graduating from washburn university and all actually, during his time as a student, he served as a member of the kansas state representatives. in the 1950's, he went back and served in russell county. that's when he became acquainted with republican party leaders in the state who encouraged him to run for national office. from the materials you see here, they are from his campaign in 1960, really fun campaign memorabilia. much of it was handmade. he had a real challenge. his first opponent's name was a gentleman by the name of philip doyle. imagine when you're talking about name recognition, trying to get people to distinguish which gentleman to
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vote for, whether it is dole or doyle, you better come up with a ook. h so they used dole pineapple juice to help people remember that it was dole, not doyle. we are standing in the research at the dole here institute, home of the archives. i have a selection of materials pulled from our collection that documents the legislative legacy of senator bob dole. these first items follow up on our tour of the museum gallery, this is a letter to bob dole in 1945. letterst sentence of the -- daddy called to tell me that we had a letter from you, and i knew something was wrong. so this was the first letter he received after he was wounded, from his mother, sent overseas and he was in hospital. this document here is really one
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of my favorite nieces that we pieces that wee have. this is a typed, personal statement by bob dole written in the early 1950's. the title is, "how i overcame my physical handicap." there is a nice quote here. challenge ifficult faced was returning to civilian life. transformation from soldier to civilian left me with an indescribable, helpless feeling." he goes on to talk about the feeling of having a visible disability and diminished expectations from society. his life. wife animated him to try to do more for himself and also for people with disabilities. this press release here on april, 1969, is an important piece in the history of senator dole, announcing his first floor.on the senate
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he was elected to the senate at age 68 and began his term in 1969 as a freshman senator. the very first statement he made on the floor of the senate was to advocate for people with disabilities. he says -- handicapped persons represent a group which knows no religious, sex, or racial boundaries. a group whose membership is composed of infants, adults, people of all ages. he says, all these people have the right to work, to build a life for themselves and also participate in our government and democracy, and it sets the stage for his work over the decades in the senate, advocating for people with disabilities, and culminating one might argue in a 1990, with the americans with disabilities act. in ourt pieces of have selection are also from senator dole's early career and advocacy for families of pows and mias during vietnam.
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this poster is a promotional for the appeal for international justice. senator dole is one of the earliest allies of wives whose husbands were prisoners of war and missing in the war in vietnam. these women did not have public support either from their government, or from their community, because there were asked not to talk about their situation, as a wives and families of prisoners of war. senator dole was one of their earliest advocates in the senate. he did something we credit him as being really good at, by bringing bipartisan awareness for these women and their cause. you can see the poster there is a collection of folks from congress and democratic minority leader mike mansfield sponsoring this event. -- democrat majority leader, mike mansfield, who are cosponsoring the event. the wives of the prisoners of
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war spoke at the rally and they would go on to participate in negotiations for the release of their husband. another area in which senator dole spent much time over the inrse of his career, was acting legislation, promoting legislation that helped people who were in need, acquire the means to nutrition. one of those programs is what we now call snap, the food stamp program and others. the wic program, and others. interesting about that, when we talk about bipartisanship, submitter george mcgovern, a democrat, was one of his longtime allies in that project. >> i am proud to be involved in nutrition programs. someone mentioned that earlier. i remember working with senator mcgovern, and that crops up now and then in conservative articles, saying i can't be a conservative because i know george mcgovern. [laughter] i think george mcgovern is a gentleman.
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he has always been a gentleman. >> he and senator mcgovern during the vietnam era work bitter rivals. dole spoke out against mcgovern during his time as chairman. for nixon, andas not someone who spoke to kindly in public of senator mcgovern. but after the war, they are able to come together and see that there are areas of need, two senators faced with agricultural bases of their economies, addressing needs that are universal in a nature. this case talks about senator dole's career in the senate in the 1980's. in 1984, he is elected to the republican majority leader and becomes republican leader in the majority at the time. a wonderful letter from his longtime friend and colleague, senator in knowing of hawaii -- theyator from hawaii to
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went back a long time, they were patients together at percy jones hospital following world war ii, after they were injured. there is a great cit story, where the senator says to bob dole who has it wounded arm, he says, what are you just get that thing cut off, like i did? [laughter] ,o these men bonded as soldiers and they discussed how they had great plans well in the house at all, for themselves. and they would say, we will see you in washington, who gets there first. and actually the senator when he first got here called senator dole and said, i am here, where are you, bob? this document is a press release that celebrates the saving of social security. we have president ronald reagan signing the amendment into law. in 1981, social security was in crisis and senator dole and other folks worked together on the greenspan commission.
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>> that will take care of a lot of the mail received from people saying, if members of congress aren't covered, how can you understand the problem? members of congress and the social security administrator and others would be included, is that correct? >> yes. >> and the president? >> yes. >> the [laughter] vice president? >> always. [laughter] >> you don't leave anybody out? greenspan: i thought you were going to try to enunciate the whole executive branch of government. senator dole: i would judge universal means universal. i think there will be that misconception. let's make it clear, we like to make certain members of congress don't have any advantage. >> they almost didn't do it. it wasn't until the waning weeks of 1982 that bob dole and pat moynihan went rogue, behind the scenes with the gang of seven as they called it, to do some intense negotiations to find a
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common ground and compromise, to get the work done to make that solution. and they were successful. they did it and they presented the social security amendments of 1983 and the president signed it. the last item that i will speak with you about today is a clipping from the wall street journal from 1982, documenting senator dole as a compromise d agent in saving the voting rights act in 1982 and promoting that renewal. it was not a foregone conclusion that the voting rights act was going to be renewed in 1982. there was a lot of republican resistance. bob dole again, showing his leadership within the republican party -- he was not yet republican leader at the time -- but he was able to present the voting rights act manual as something that was palatable to the republicans in the senate,
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and the renewal passed, 85-8. >> we are in the processing room at the dole institute of politics and this is where we do a lot of our hands on work with the collection. so we will process collections as they come in and catalog them so people can use them, work on fabricating exhibits in here. then also occasionally, we will teach classes done here, too. our collections are extremely large. recently, we measured the shelf space that was occupied by a collections and that equals to about two football fields worth of material, if you lined it all up, so we have several thousand neighborhapers in the ood of several thousand objects
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and textiles, over 25,000 photographs, and our collections are still growing today. senator bob dole is still sending us things. probably a couple of times a month. i have pulled out a few of my favorite items from the collections. you have already looked at things that show off his legislative accomplishments. these show more of his personal side. this is "barely able" -- he is a teddy bear in our collection. actually, for the first few years i worked here, i had no idea who he was, beyond his little tag. when we were doing research for an exhibit we were doing on the 1976 election -- ♪ >> dole ran as vice president, i one found stories in our oral
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history collections and then, pictures with this bear. the story about him is that come on all the campaign stops in a 1976, he would start out a greeting the crowd, then he would go in and tell this bear joke. >> bear walks into the bar and says, can i have a beer? bartender gives him a beer. he says, how much is that? minute.r says, wait a he goes to the back and talks to the manager. says the bear out there just had a beer in the west to know how much to charge him. the guy says hell, he won't know the difference, charge him $4.50. he goes back out and says it's going to be $4.50. that there asks for another beer and puts down five dollars.
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there finishes a beer, puts down five dollars, takes the change in stress to walk out. and the bartender says, before you leave, i'm just wondering, if you don't mind my asking, we don't get many bears in here. and the bear said, at $4.50 a beer, it's no wonder. you get a give me more -- you are not getting any more! bats the bear joke. >> for the crowd it was a new joke but the press heard this at every single stop, sometimes multiple times a day. so as a tribute to that joke, the press got a teddy bear and gave him his own press "beartials and named him lee able." he traveled around, and we have photos of senator dole with the bear on the plane, and it shows off senator dole's humor as well as the humor of the press and the relationship he had with them during the campaign.
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what we are looking at here is a letter from senator george dated generally 18, 1980. -- my favorite part is halfway january 18, 1980. down the paper, it begins "it is no secret around this office or with the national press corps that i have developed a genuine admiration and affection for you, bob. with the passage of time, the old partisan divides seem less real to me. so much of what we do as senators, and in our lives as a whole, has little to do with party labels. this letter is one of my favorite things because i think it shows their dear friendship that they develop, working together over the decades on important issues, and also shows friendship across party lines. so this is a letter from president george h.w. bush to senator dole, and you
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can see that it is dated november 10, 1992, late at night. it is written shortly after bush lost the election in 1992. you can see that he took the time to write a handwritten note to senator dole, and it shows their friendship and the help that he received through the election. further down the page, it says -- he had been a truly noble i leaveand as washington, i will take with me a friendship i value, a respect for a true leader. i will always feel thanks to my bob. george. last object i pulled out to show you is a terra-cotta tablet that depicts mountain 913, the
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mountain where senator dole was wounded in italy in world war ii. this plaque was made by someone still town, and he maintains a friendship with my italian town and the people there. he has made several trips back, the most recent in 2015. there is a really wonderful message from the town on the back of this, so you can see the message is in both italian and english, and it says "to robert dole, with great merit. the friendship originated 60 years ago during the dark years of the war, lives on, strong and unchanged." senator dole: ladies and gentlemen, delegates to the convention and fellow citizens. i can not say it more clearly than in plain speaking. i accept your nomination to lead
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our party once again to the presidency of the united states! [applause] >> so in 1996, senator dole decided to pursue the presidency for the third time. he tried to win the republican nomination in 1980 and again in 1988 and did not win either of those. so in 1996, with a republican majority in the senate, he decided to put his hat in the ring and the party supported him in becoming the presidential nominee for the republican party. a couple things did not go as planned. president clinton himself had moved to the center and the last -- in the last couple years of his first term, and that worked against senator dole. also, senator dole's personality, while we celebrate him for his humor and warmth, it did not come across very well in tv appearances and debate the s the way they would have hoped. many folks remember more the commercials from the 1996
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campaign. >> hi, i'm bob dole, and of i have always spoken to you frankly, no matter what the subject. that is why i am able to tell you about a product that put real joy back into my life. it helps me feel youthful, vigorous, and most importantly, vital again. what is this amazing product? my faithful little, blue friend, an ice cold pepsi-cola. >> for a visa, for pepsi, for viagra, which really showcased his sense of humor. it did not come through during the campaign season, unfortunately. remarkably, though, one thing that is interesting about the campaign, that senator dole modeled this behavior in 1976, when he was running for the vice presidential candidate with gerald ford, he campaigned relentlessly. he was a relentless campaigner, crisscrossing the state, sometimes three or four states in a single day. senator dole wrapped up his presidential campaign with a 90
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si -- tour as the campaign 96-hour came to a close, and he was in his 70's at the time. that would have been pretty arduous for anyone, let alone somebody who might be in their 70's, but he again showed us what he was worth, and gave it his best shot as the campaign on -- wound down. i was thinking on the way down in the elevator, tomorrow will be the first time in my life i didn't have anything to do. [applause] >> election day 1996, bill clinton was the victor and bob dole had to reinvent himself. he was no longer a leader in the senate, but he didn't rest. it was and remains to this day and advocate for veterans and veterans issues, and he continued to work for food insecurity. he and george mcgovern jointly won the world food prize in 2008. these days he spends a lot of time at the world war ii
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memorial in washington, d.c. he was chairman of the committee that sought to have that memorial built. that has also been a years long effort on his part. he greets veterans at the world war ii memorial, most of them traveling through honor flights, so he has stayed active. he also still works. right now, he works at a firm in d.c., he has never left d.c. since he went there in 1960. announcer: monday, martin luther king jr. day at ed a.m. eastern, race relations in the u.s. with american university professor and tv talkshow
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commentator live on c-span's journal.n at 4 p.m. on book tv on c-span2, a discussion on race in america. >> voter suppression israel. -- voter suppression is real. states,ame of couple of florida, georgia, texas, north dakota, yeah. today in 2019 we are still dealing with this issue on dr. king's birthday. >> and on american history tv on at 8n3, on reel america p.m. eastern, a film documents the civil rights family at the lincoln memorial. >> give us the battle and we will no longer plead to the federal government for passage of an anti-lynching law. we will buy the power of our the books the law on of the south and bring it in to
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the acts of the fluted perpetrators of violence -- the hooded perpetrators of violence. announcer: 50 years ago on the january 20, 1969, richard nixon became the 37th president of the united states. america, aeel broadcast anchored by walter ofg cried and george mudd the soaring in ceremony. here is a preview. minister, evangelist, known in all corners of the earth, will now deliver a prayer. the reverend billy graham. >> bless them as a team to lead america to the dawning of a new day with renewed trust in god
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that will lead to peace, justice and prosperity. we pray this humbly in the name of the prince of peace who shed his bloodho on the cross that men may have eternal life. amen. the present now distinguished chief justice of the supreme court of the united states, the honorable earl warren, who will administer the oath of office to the president-elect. >> do you richard milhouse nixon ?olemnly swear >> i richard milhouse nixon do solemnly swear. >> that you will faithfully execute the office?
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>> that i will faithfully execute the office. >> of president of the united states? >> of president of the united states. >> and will to the best of your ability? >> and will to the best of my ability. >> preserve protect and defend? >> preserve protect and defend. >> the constitution of the united states? >> the constitution of the united states. >> so help you god. >> so help me god. [applause] ♪ >> you can watch the 90-minute cbs broadcast of president nixon's inauguration sunday at 4:00 eastern on reel america, our weekly series featuring archival films on public affairs. this is american history tv on c-span3. >> a panel of historians discuss controversial monuments in the west. topics include 19th-century statues and plaques that honor
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u.s. military leaders who massacred indians. and monuments to pioneers, missionaries, and early settlers who colonized the west. they also explore similarities and differences between the south and west. this talk is part of the western history association annual meeting. it's about 90 minutes. >> i am the author of a book called "the legacy of conquest." the working title is "the burden of western history." it tells you something about the relationship that i found myself in, the southern history. i hope that would see more of it. i was frequently saying i was hoping to do something comparable to what mr.dw


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