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tv   Reel America 1969 Richard Nixon Inauguration - CBS News  CSPAN  January 27, 2019 8:00pm-9:31pm EST

8:00 pm tour. you are watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. >> last week, on real america, we look back 50 years to president nixon's inauguration and next on the presidency, we feature that broadcast of the january 20 in, 1969 ceremony, including the oath of office, inaugural address, and a prayer by the reverend billy graham. muddr cronkite and roger cover this. it is about 90 minutes. >> billy graham's practice eating in today ceremony from north carolina. hugo black them is
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he may be the first to retire. >> that's right. clark secretary of defense. nominees for the cabinet will be approved after the ceremony when a senecas back into session after the luncheon, all with the exception of walter hickle. inaugural, first they took it right through a moment of an characteristic .enate speed as a matter of fact, i believe, the first order of business for that point, president nixon, when he leaves the stand, he goes right back to the room and signs his nominations and sends them up to the senate so they can be received this
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afternoon, within an hour or so. course, oners, of of richard nixon's oldest and most trusted advisors. you recall the period after the eisenhower heart attack when mr. the arms ofted to his friends. home ofated to the william rogers. one of the major way stations on .he way to the nixon presidency >> the johnson daughters. lucy hale and appeared right behind them, the nixon daughters. blonde, 22 years old, graduate of finch in new york.
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david eisenhower, her husband at less than a month. the sonshe arrival of and daughters of the this istial family douglas rogers, according to the information i have, the son of william rogers. he is the escort this afternoon for tricia. >> look at the resemblance between him and david eisenhower. they look like they might be brothers. >> that would be a dynasty, wouldn't it? you see, as we saw the two sons and daughters together, these are rows divided by the center aisle. the swivel soft chairs are
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reserved for mr. next and, mr. agnew, mr. johnson, and mr. hunter. 1, 2, 3, 4. everyone is in place now, walter. court diplomatic for the house and senate. insident-elect next and is richard russell's office. he is one of the senior men, senior members of the house and senate. .hey have little hideaways lady and mrs.rst muriel humphrey. and cbs news color coverage of the inauguration of richard m nixon continues in a moment. >> this is walter contract with roger mud, who is peering
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through those eyeglasses at the moment at the presidential inaugural stand. not a lot of people behind us in the east steps to the white house. george foreman is on the stand. -- george harmon is on the stand. >> david, how many of these inaugurals have zaventem? >> i've only been to one other -- have you been to? >> i've only been to one other. site rightbeing an now. it is her of a blur, people telling you where to go and what to do. you just follow orders, that's all. >> is it a busy time? >> oh, yeah. >> did you get your wife for a moment? i would like to see if she has the same feeling about it. i just wanted to ask you how many inaugurals you've been to? what do you remember the most? >> this is my third.
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i remember, 1953, i sat on my lap andm's last -- slept. >> you remember being called? >> yes. as this one been more rushed than the others you have been to? >> i think so. >> all right, walter. mrs. dwight d. eisenhower is being escorted down the steps. husband she saw her sworn in as president of the united states. he is now at walter reed hospital plot, -- hospital, presumably watching this program. she is a former employer of the sergeant at arms office. i think, i next and
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believe i saw just there. now over on the left, we can see -- see, roger, that pat nixon as taken her place alongside mrs. agnew in the front room. and mrs. johnson. that's mrs. agnew in the middle. has been at her husband's side through all of his political life since 1946, when he returned as a young lieutenant commander from the navy, and immediately plugged running against jerry voorhees, california. >> the marine band is now its feet, obviously ready for the signal to play "hail to the chief." we should be getting the entrance of mr. nixon, mr. johnson, and mr. agnew just a few seconds. looks like they will. >> get this off -- >> looks like they will get this off on time. that has been a concern in the
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past. inaugural, inn's past tonight rations, there has been a laxness about getting the new president sworn in. actually, the constitution says that the previous president, his term expired precisely at noon. for 51 minutes with kennedy, we did not have a president of the united states. and now, roger, if we may a sense ofse, theseancy has come over people who are gathered at capitol hill in washington those distinguished, guests at the inaugural stand itself. lyndon baines,
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johnson and richard milhouse nixon, in the last moments of his private citizenry, it's what you would call it, will be appearing at the top of the stairs. now they are coming of the room. now you see them. president johnson, vice president humphrey. vice president humphrey who had hoped to be inaugurated today. ♪
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>> neither the president or the vice president are wearing gloves. you'll notice the roger and vice president humphrey don't even have a coat on. now atweather forecasts least indicated we could get through the ceremony without rain and sleet that they estimated earlier. >> i think they said we would start at noon are surely thereafter. don't get too optimistic. it is cold out there. there is a pretty chill northeast wind blowing, gusting at 25 at times. we have some very high wind. it is blowing in the wrong direction for those on stand, right in their faces.
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notice, in the dress of the itsident and vice president, was dictated by the president-elect. humphrey just put that code on. approveds the former dress for the ceremony? >> is decided by the president, the president-elect. the short code, not the tales the kennedy had -- it was eisenhower who first broke with tradition and what to club coat and the tailors and cutters of got over it somehow. back to the full thing, the front code and the copper. way withent all the the popularization of the dress
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for the day and went to the business suit, just a flannel sack suit. mr. nixon has chosen to go back to the club coat. humphreych president and president johnson going back to that. >> leaning over and talked to the president is mrs. next and. in the red dress is mrs. jackson. behind, with his hand just leaving his mouth, david kennedy. there is senator edward kennedy. i don't really need a point that one out, do i? and standing to his left, senator richard russell.
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i suppose time magazine would make a notation of ted kennedy and david kennedy, no relations. -- no relation. senatorial head gears are interesting to observe. you get used to them day after day without hat on. somehow, they change altogether. edward brooke has a norm us their skin hat on with ear flaps. is johnson of the house and dumped the of the senate leading agnew and the vice president and the minority leader of the house, gerald ford, minority leader. johnson are the sergeants at arms at the house and senate. another indication that this is strictly a capital ceremony.
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shaking hands there with nowident johnson who has about 20 minutes left in his five years in the white house. remarkably, of these four men sitting the today, their place in history, every one of them very modestm circumstances. lyndon johnson is a hard-working schoolteacher. spear agnew, 50-year-old vice president-elect, the son of a greek immigrant restaurant owner. hubert humphrey, his father had a drugstore. they had their rough times. and richard milhouse nixon, whose father and a grocery and a filling station. some have noted that there are something like 22 thousand more
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grocers than there are druggists in the united states. and this was part of nixon's march into winning the presidency. but the log cabin beginnings of our presidents, which for a while looked like, at least during the john kennedy period, have passed, and come back. mr. mudd: i guess that is what most politicians would like to have you think, they all came from log cabins. still waiting for the arrival of richard nixon, who will swing out through the rotunda and down the center steps. there is the senator from new york, of course. and clifford case of new jersey with the windbreak coat and for collar.
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russell in the corner there. i did not see him. there is governor rockefeller. the slow movement of the camera up the steps of the platform, of course. this whole complex here doesn't look like this at all, and won't look like it in another week. this is a blacktop parking lot. the east plaza of the capital, in the stands, barricades, and fences have been put in place. work started in the summer to get started on it, and it is then dismantled and gets shipped out to tennessee, where a lumber dealer has purchased this at a reduced price for use in a townhouse project. mr. cronkite: past inaugurals, you could bid on the lumber and
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take it home and build something out of it. [laughter] mr. cronkite: you play with your dolls and i will -- mr. mudd: this tv apparatus here has moved this year about nine feet forward, because they wanted to pour deep footings so we would not topple over in a high wind. they moved at nine feet forward so they would miss an old cistern below the blacktop. they dug their holes and went down and hit the cistern, because the walls were not two feet thick, but four feet thick. it has been closed over and has not been used until just after the civil war.
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mr. cronkite: we saw the diplomatic corps and i was reminded, roger, there have been notable goofs in these ceremonies as late as 1933. for instance, somebody forgot to notify the diplomatic corps during roosevelt's first inaugural, and they sat and that room waiting to be called, and never made it. because in the president came in and they could not be seated after the president arrived, and they did not see any of the ceremony. mr. mudd: it is interesting to watch the american diplomatic corps. they don't know when to applaud. during a joint session, diplomats sent with republicans, and republicans usually applaud when the speaker wants to cut
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the budget or has a patriotic reference, but normally they are a little embarrassed and looking furtively towards their american counterparts -- there is mr. nixon, now leaving richard russell's office, or hideaway, and out onto the east portico of the capital, proceeded again by zeke johnson and william dunphy, almost a stately approach. ♪ mr. cronkite: the leaves that she leaves the stand and "hail to the chief" will play. ♪ [applause]
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mr. cronkite: vigorous applause from lyndon johnson, a warm handshake, and a clap between the shoulder blades. spiro agnew and hubert humphrey. [applause] mr. cronkite: finally this crowd has come to life. this is what it has been waiting for. the master of ceremonies, the man who keeps the program moving is the chairman of the joint
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inaugural committee and it will be senator dirksen who will introduce the clergymen. this is as you have pointed out, roger, a congressional function. they run this program. most solemn in our american political life. i have lost the picture there. i was going to put out the executive director of this joint inaugural committee. he is the secretary to the minority and serves as a floor operative during senate sessions.
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hubert humphrey met with some of his democratic governors this morning and said to them he was not precluding the possibility of running for the presidency in 1972. now, of course, that can be just politics to keep his hand in and his power in the dnc. he has said he might run for the senate in 1970 from minnesota, particularly if senator mccarthy chooses not to run again, as he has indicated. [applause] mr. mudd: a standing round of applause for everett dirksen, who has been here since 1933. >> mr. president, mr. president-elect, mr. vice president, mr. vice president elect, and my fellow citizens, i
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present for the invocation the right reverend, charles eubanks tucker. >> let us pray. [speaking in latin] not unto us, oh lord, not unto us, but unto thy name we get the glory. our father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name, thy kingdom,, thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. give us this day our daily bread and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us, and lead us not into
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temptation, but deliver us from evil, for thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. all mighty god, down to whom all hearts are open, all desires known and from whom no secrets are hidden, cleanse the thoughts of our hearts by the inspiration of thy holy spirit that we may perfectly love thee and worthy to magnify thy holy name. at this solemn moment, when the sun will soon begin to take its daily trek and will come to rest in the bosom of the western horizon and all nature by pantomime and silent eloquence proclaims thy glory, dominion,
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and power in heaven and on earth, in this grand silence we lift our voices to thee in praise and adoration. and these troubled times of global turmoil and unrest, our father, we turn to thee. give to our nation a clear vision of the highest good and our leaders the clear judgment as to how that good may be obtained, and at this time, we would humbly beseech the to bestow a special blessing on a president richard milhouse nixon and his family. we thank thee for his exemplary light, his unswerving allegiance
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and devotion to america and the ideals for which she stands, freedom, justice, and liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. we thank thee for his unstinted service to the nation in this year. be his bastion of strength and comfort as he assumes the herculean responsibilities of the presidency and the concomitant responsibility as the leader of the free nations of the world. in doubt him with spiritual wisdom to make the right decisions that may well determine the fate of mankind and civilization itself. god of grace and god of glory, on thy people pour thy power,
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give us wisdom, give us courage for the facing of this hour. and this we ask in the name of the father and the son and of the holy ghost. amen. mr. mudd: reverend tucker of louisville, kentucky. >> thank you reverend tucker. we will now be favored by the company music of the united states marine corps band under the direction of lieutenant colonel albert jeffrey. ♪
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the dr. of divinity from will now lead us in prayer. >> in the beginning, god created the heavens and the earth. and the darkness was upon the face of the people. it was not the light of the sun or the moon. this was the divine presence that reflected itself on the human mind and soul. this brought men out of the cave and endowed him with intelligence, brownie. the yearning for freedom and inspired the profits.
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this is the american ideal. born at the time of creation itself. cherished by the founding fathers who were practical idealists. they knew history well. they want against the dangers of apathy,e, stupidity, selfishness, immorality, and dissension within our borders and between nations. they knew full well that patience, courage, goodwill, cooperation were preferable to hysteria and emotionalism. and that age-old problems, the complex problems cannot be solved with instant answers and simple answers. they knew there is no substitute in the world for common sense.
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the night is long and it is still dark. as far as civilization goes. but we will never be perfect, for man is not perfect. but we are on the way. our country is still great. it will be greater if we open our hearts and with work and dedication, rededication. there are few streaks of pink in the sky. we await the dawn. almighty god, bless our country and him who will be our leader and guide in the coming years. to thee we sing, long may our land be bright with freedom's holy light. protect us by thine might. great god, our king, amen.
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mr. cronkite: the rabbi, spiritual leader of a synagogue in los angeles. he has been since 1915. >> my fellow americans, it is my honor and my privilege to administer the oath of office to the vice president elect. ♪ sen. dirksen: you will repeat after me. i, spiro theodore agnew -- vice pres. agnew: i, spiro theodore agnew --
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sen. dirksen: -- do solemnly swear -- vice pres. agnew: -- do solemnly swear -- chief justice warren: -- that i will support and defend -- vice pres. agnew: -- that i will support and defend -- sen. dirksen: -- the constitution of the united states -- vice pres. agnew: -- the constitution of the united states -- sen. dirksen: against all enemies, foreign and domestic. vice pres. agnew: against all enemies, foreign and domestic. sen. dirksen: that i will bear true faith -- vice pres. agnew: that i will bear true faith -- sen. dirksen: -- an allegiance to the same. vice pres. agnew: -- an allegiance to the same. sen. dirksen: that i take this obligation freely -- vice pres. agnew: that i take this obligation freely -- sen. dirksen: without any mental reservations -- vice pres. agnew: without any mental reservations -- sen. dirksen: -- or purpose of evasion. vice pres. agnew: -- or purpose of evasion. sen. dirksen: and that i will well and faithfully discharge -- vice pres. agnew: and that i
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will well and faithfully discharge -- sen. dirksen: -- the duties of the office -- vice pres. agnew: -- the duties of the office -- sen. dirksen: -- on which i am about to enter -- vice pres. angew: -- on which i am about to enter -- sen. dirksen: -- so help you god. vice pres. agnew: -- so help me god. [applause] mr. cronkite: it is about twice as long as the presidential oath. it is the standard oath for federal office holders, whereas the presidential oath is written out in the constitution, so about half of that one, so 58 words. >> in full realization of this historic moment, we bow our heads [indiscernible] and thank the lord for gathering the soul of our nation, united in subjugation.
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we beseech thee, master of our destiny, to favorably look upon thy faithful servant, richard milhous nixon, and endow him with purpose and total commitment and dedication so that he may serve thee throughout his years of administration. illuminate the minds of our new president so that through his words he may lead us to a new appreciation of all that is
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true, honest, just, pure, and of noble intentions, both in government and society. grant him the power to overpower people with good, justice within justice, hatred with love, bias with the will treatment, violence with compassion, war with peace, and together with his vice president and associates to attain peace and unity at home and abroad, thus healing the wounds of division which cause so much pain and anguish to us all. incline thine ear to the brings up peace, and help him to these petitions that help them here these petitions, for thou hast said, ask and it shall be given you. and unto thee we put our trust, and glory and adoration. amen.
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mr. cronkite: the archbishop is a greek orthodox member of north and south america. he also participated in the 1965 inaugural of lyndon johnson. >> the world's greatest and most celebrated singers, the mormon tabernacle choir in salt lake city, will now sing, "this is my country. " ♪ this is my country.
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this is my country. what difference if i hail from north or south or from the east or west? my heart is filled with love for all of these i only know i swell with pride and deep within my breast i thrill to see old glory paint the breeze this is my country land of my birth this is my country grandest on earth i pledge thee my allegiance america the bold for this is my country
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to have and to hold with hand upon my heart i think the lord for this my native land
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for all i love is here within her gates my soul is rooted deeply in the soil on which i stand for these are mine my own united states this is my country land of my choice this is my country hear my proud voice i pledge thee my allegiance america the bold for this is my country to have and to hold america, america, america ♪
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[applause] mr. cronkite: here at the capital, they rise to their feet not only to applaud, but to get warm at the same time. >> we welcome administer evangelist known in all corners of the earth. the reverend billy graham.
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rev. graham: shall we pray? our father and our god, thou hast said blessed is the nation whose god is the lord. we recognize on this historic occasion that we are a nation under god. we think thee for this torch of faith handed to us by our forefathers. may we never let it be extinguished. thou alone has given us our prosperity, our freedom, and our power. this faith in god is our heritage and our foundation. thou hast warned us in the scriptures if the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do? as george washington reminded us, morality and faith are the pillars of our society. we confess that these pillars are being eroded at an increasingly materialistic society.
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the whole world is watching to see if the faith of our fathers will stand the trials and tests of this hour. too long we have neglected thy word and ignored thy laws. too long we have tried to solve our problems without reference to thee. too long we have tried to live by bread alone. we are now reaping a whirlwind of crime, division, and vengeance. now with the wages of our sins staring us in the face, we remember thy words. if my people were to call by my name shall home for themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then will i hear from heaven and will forgive their sins and heal their land. help us this day to turn from our sins and to turn by simple faith to the one who said he must be born again. so, we pray, o god, as we enter a new era that we as a nation may experience a moral and spiritual restoration. thou hast said promotion comes not from the east, nor from the
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west, but from thee. we acknowledge thy divine help in the selection of our leadership each four years. we recognize, o lord, that in thy sovereignty, thou hast permitted richard nixon to lead us to this momentous hour of our history. we beseech thee that he will have thy divine guidance and power daily. help him as you helped serviceable. we know the burdens and responsibilities will be overwhelming. he will hold in his hands the destiny of more people than any man in history. o god, our new president needs
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thee as no man has ever needed thee in leading a people. there will be times when he will be overwhelmed at the problems at home and abroad that have been building up for many years. give him supernatural wisdom, courage, and strength these four years. protect him and his family from physical danger. and in the lonely moments of decision, grant him an uncompromising courage to do what is morally right. give him a cool head in a warm heart. -- and a warm heart. give him a compassion for those in physical, moral, and spiritual need. we pray that thou willst guide richard nixon in handling affairs of the state that the whole world will marvel and glorify thee. o god, we consecrate richard milhous nixon with the assurance
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that from this moment on as he and his family move into the white house that they will have the presence and the power of thy son who said, i will never leave thee nor forsake thee. we pray for vice president agnew and members of the cabinet. may they be given a wisdom and a courage that is beyond their own. bless them as a team to lead america to the dawning of a new day, with renewed trust in god that will lead to peace, justice, and prosperity. we pray this humbly, in the name of the prince of peace who shed his blood on the cross that men might have eternal life. amen.
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mr. cronkite: because it is now past 12:00 noon and richard nixon has not yet been sworn in, technically -- although it is not upsetting anyone -- the united states is without a president. i would assume -- it is interesting. suppose there was a crisis. who would take over? >> -- the honorable earl warren, who will administer the oath of office to the president of the united states. ♪
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chief justice warren: you, richard milhous nixon, do solemnly swear -- pres. nixon: i, richard milhous nixon, do solemly swear -- chief justice warren: -- that you will faithfully execute the office -- pres. nixon: -- that i will faithfully execute the office -- chief justice warren: -- of president of the united states -- pres. nixon: -- of president of the united states -- chief justice warren: -- and will, to the best of your ability -- pres. nixon: -- and will, to the best of my ability -- chief justice warren: -- preserve, protect, and defend -- pres. nixon: -- preserve, protect, and defend -- chief justice warren: -- the constitution of the united states -- pres. nixon: -- the constitution of the united states -- chief justice warren: -- so help you god. pres. nixon: -- so help me god. [applause] ♪ ["hail to the chief" plays]
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mr. cronkite: for the first time, richard milhous nixon, "hail to the chief." after the battery of guns saluting the new president of the united states. ♪ ["hail to the chief" plays] ♪ [applause] mr. cronkite: mrs. nixon, now with the two family bibles, the milhous family bible, the nixon family bible. the second time that has been done. formerly, an employee of the senate held the bible, and president johnson change that when he had mrs. johnson told the bible.
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-- hold the bible. now, the inaugural address. [applause] pres. nixon: senator dirksen, mr. chief justice, mr. vice president, president johnson, vice president humphrey, my fellow americans, and my fellow citizens of the world community, i ask you to share with me today the majesty of this moment. in the orderly transfer of power, we celebrate the unity that keeps us free.
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each moment in history is a fleeting time, precious and unique. but some stand out as moments of beginning, in which courses are set that shape decades or centuries. this can be such a moment. forces now are converging that make possible, for the first time, the hope that many of man's deepest aspirations can at last be realized. the spiraling pace of change allows us to contemplate, within our own lifetime, advances that once would have taken centuries. in throwing wide the horizons of space, we have discovered new horizons on earth. for the first time, because the
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people of the world want peace, and the leaders of the world are afraid of war, the times are on the side of peace. [applause] pres. nixon: eight years from now america will celebrate its 200th anniversary as a nation. and within the lifetime of most people now living, mankind will celebrate that great new year which comes only once in 1000 which comes only once in 1000 years, the beginning of the third millennium. what kind of a nation we will be, what kind of world we will live in, whether we shape the future in the image of our hopes, is ours to determine by our actions and our choices. the greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker. this honor now beckons america,
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the chance to help lead the world at last out of the valley of turmoil, and onto that high ground of peace that man has dreamed of since the dawn of civilization. if we succeed, generations to come will say of us now living that we mastered our moment, that we helped make the world safe for mankind. this is our summons to greatness. and i believe the american people are ready to answer this call. the second third of this century has been a time of proud achievement. we have made enormous strides in science and industry and agriculture. we have shared our wealth more broadly than ever. we have learned at last to manage a modern economy to assure its continued growth. we have given freedom new reach, we have begun to make its promise real for black as well as for white. we see the hope of tomorrow in the youth of today. i know america's youth. i believe in them.
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we can be proud that they are better educated, more committed, more passionately driven by conscience than any generation in our history. [applause] pres. nixon: no people has ever been so close to the achievement of a just and abundant society, or so possessed of the will to achieve it. because our strengths are so great, we can afford to appraise our weaknesses with candor and to approach them with hope. standing in this same place a third of a century ago, franklin delano roosevelt addressed a nation ravaged by depression and gripped in fear. he could say in surveying the nation's troubles, "they concern, thank god, only material things."
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our crisis today is the reverse. we have found ourselves rich in goods, but ragged in spirit. reaching with magnificent precision for the moon, but falling into raucous discord on earth. we are caught in war, wanting peace. we are torn by division, wanting unity. we see around us empty lives, wanting fulfillment. we see tasks that need doing, waiting for hands to do them. to a crisis of the spirit, we need an answer of the spirit. to find that answer, we need only look within ourselves. when we listen to the better angels of our nature, we find that they celebrate the simple things, the basic things, such as goodness, decency, love, kindness. greatness comes in simple trappings. the simple things are the ones most needed today if we are to surmount what divides us, and cement what unites us. to lower our voices would be a simple thing.
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in these difficult years, america has suffered from a fever of words, from inflated rhetoric that promises more than it can deliver, from angry rhetoric that fans discontents into hatreds, from bombastic rhetoric that postures instead of persuading. we cannot learn from one another until we stop shouting at one another, until we speak quietly enough so that our words can be heard as well as our voices. [applause] pres. nixon: for its part, government will listen. we will strive to listen in new ways, to the voices of quiet
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anguish, the voices that speak without words, the voices of the heart, to the injured voices, the anxious voices, the voices that have despaired of being heard. those who have been left out, we will try to bring in. those left behind, we will help to catch up. for all of our people, we will set as our goal the decent order that makes progress possible and our lives secure. as we reach toward our hopes, our task is to build on what has gone before, not turning away from the old, but turning toward the new. in this past third of a century, government has passed more laws, spent more money, initiated more programs, than in all our previous history. in pursuing our goals of full employment, better housing, excellence in education, in rebuilding our cities and improving our rural areas, in protecting our environment and enhancing the quality of life. in all these and more, we will and must press urgently forward.
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we shall plan now for the day when our wealth can be transferred from the destruction of war abroad to the urgent needs of our people at home. [applause] the american dream does not come to those who fall asleep. but we are approaching the limits of what government alone can do. our greatest need now is to reach beyond government, and to enlist the legions of the concerned and the committed. what has to be done, has to be done by government and people together or it will not be done at all. the lesson of past agony is that without the people we can do nothing. with the people, we can do everything. [applause]
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pres. nixon: to match the magnitude of our tasks, we need the energies of our people, enlisted not only in grand enterprises, but more importantly in those small, splendid efforts that make headlines in the neighborhood newspaper instead of the national journal. with these, we can build a great cathedral of the spirit, each of us raising it one stone at a time, as he reaches out to his neighbor, helping, caring, doing. i do not offer a life of uninspiring ease. i do not call for a life of grim sacrifice. i ask you to join in a high adventure, one as rich as humanity itself, and as exciting as the times we live in. the essence of freedom is that each of us shares in the shaping of his own destiny. until he has been part of a
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cause larger than himself, no man is truly whole. the way to fulfillment is in the use of our talents. we achieve nobility in the spirit that inspires that use. as we measure what can be done, we shall promise only what we know we can produce, but as we chart our goals we shall be lifted by our dreams. no man can be fully free while his neighbor is not. to go forward at all is to go forward together. this means black and white together, as one nation, not two. the laws have caught up with our conscience. what remains is to give life to what is in the law, to ensure at last that as all are born equal in dignity before god, all are
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born equal in dignity before man. [applause] pres. nixon: as we learn to go forward together at home, let us also seek to go forward together with all mankind. let us take as our goal, where peace is unknown, make it welcome, where peace is fragile, make it strong, where peace is temporary, make it permanent. after a period of confrontation, we are entering an era of negotiation. let all nations know that during this administration our lines of communication will be open. we seek an open world, open to ideas, open to the exchange of goods and people, a world in which no people, great or small, will live in angry isolation.
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we cannot expect to make everyone our friend, but we can try to make no one our enemy. [applause] pres. nixon: those who would be our adversaries, we invite to a peaceful competition, not in conquering territory or extending dominion, but in enriching the life of man. as we explore the reaches of space, let us go to the new worlds together, not as new worlds to be conquered, but as a new adventure to be shared. and with those who are willing to join, let us cooperate to reduce the burden of arms, to strengthen the structure of peace, to lift up the poor and the hungry. but to all those who would be tempted by weakness, let us leave no doubt that we will be as strong as we need to be for as long as we need to be. [applause]
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pres. nixon: over the past 20 years, since i first came to this capitol as a freshman congressman, i have visited most of the nations of the world. i have come to know the leaders of the world, the great forces, the hatreds, the fears that divide the world. i know that peace does not come through wishing for it, that there is no substitute for days and even years of patient and prolonged diplomacy. i also know the people of the world. i have seen the hunger of a homeless child, the pain of a man wounded in battle, the grief of a mother who has lost her son. i know these have no ideology, no race. i know america.
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i know the heart of america is good. i speak from my own heart, and the heart of my country, the deep concern we have for those who suffer, and those who sorrow. i have taken an oath today in the presence of god and my countrymen to uphold and defend the constitution of the united states. and to that oath i now add this sacred commitment, i shall consecrate my office, my energies, and all the wisdom i can summon, to the cause of peace among nations. let this message be heard by strong and weak alike. [applause] pres. nixon: the peace we seek,
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the peace we seek to win is not victory over any other people, but the peace that comes with healing in its wings, with compassion for those who have suffered, with understanding for those who have opposed us, with the opportunity for all the peoples of this earth to choose their own destiny. only a few short weeks ago, we shared the glory of man's first sight of the world as god sees it, as a single sphere reflecting light in the darkness. as the apollo astronauts flew over the moon's gray surface on christmas eve, they spoke to us of the beauty of earth, and in that voice so clear across the lunar distance, we heard them
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invoke god's blessing on its goodness. in that moment, their view from the moon moved poet archibald macleish to write, "to see the earth as it truly is, small and blue and beautiful in that eternal silence where it floats, is to see ourselves as riders on the earth together, brothers on that bright loveliness in the eternal cold, brothers who know now they are truly brothers." in that moment of surpassing technological triumph, men turned their thoughts toward home and humanity, seeing in that far perspective that man's destiny on earth is not divisible, telling us that however far we reach into the cosmos, our destiny lies not in the stars but on earth itself, in our own hands, in our own hearts.
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we have endured a long night of the american spirit. but as our eyes catch the dimness of the first rays of dawn, let us not curse the remaining dark. let us gather the light. our destiny offers, not the cup of despair, but the chalice of opportunity. so let us seize it, not in fear, but in gladness. and riders on the earth together, let us go forward, firm in our faith, steadfast in our purpose, cautious of the dangers, but sustained by our confidence in the will of god and the promise of man. [applause]
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>> may i say to our guests on the platform that when the ceremonies conclude, i would respectfully suggest that they keep their chairs until our honored guests have left the platform. and now, we shall be favored by the u.s. marine band and the mormon tabernacle choir with "the star-spangled banner."
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and after that, the benediction. ♪ >> o say can you see by the dawn's early light what so proudly we hail'd at the twilight's last gleaming? whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight o'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming and the rocket's red glare the bombs bursting in air gave proof through the night that our flag was still there o, say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
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o'er the land of the free and the home of the brave? o thus be it ever when freemen shall stand between their lov'd home and the war's desolation blessed with vict'ry and peace may the heav'n rescued land praise the power that hath made and preserv'd us a nation then conquer we must when our cause it is just and this be our motto "in god is our trust," and the star-spangled banner in
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triumph shall wave o'er the land of the free and the home of the brave ♪ [applause]
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>> i apologize for a slight inadvertence in the program. the benediction will be offered by archbishop terrence j kurt. >> o heavenly father, we thank you on this historic day for all the blessings that you have bestowed upon our country from its very beginning up to the present moment. in your fatherly care, you have endowed america not only with abundant physical resources, but more especially with the spiritual resources of honorable and dedicated public servants who have pursued the noble goal of liberty and justice for all. we thank you, o father in
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heaven, for the generous spirit of our society, that makes a peaceful and orderly change of administration possible. aware as we are of the challenges that face us, and the problems that could divide us, we pray that under your guidance we may remain a people united, a nation indivisible. we pray that you will ever foster in each of us the breadth of vision, the depth of conviction, and the oneness of purpose that have been the greatest glories of our nation's history. may we now use this blessed
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heritage to ensure peace, equality, and dignity for every person in our beloved land. we are aware, o heavenly father, that our nation bears a special responsibility of leadership among nations, for the future peace of all mankind. enlighten us to discover your will for our world today. and strengthen us to be courageous in fulfilling it. may we find our true destiny and our lasting happiness in the loving service of our brothers everywhere.
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in being fellow man to every man. o merciful father, bless the devoted men who have led our nation in the years past and those who will guide it in the years to come. help them, we humbly pray, to bear the great burdens of their office. be to them a consolation and inspiration, and may each of us daily raise our minds and hearts to you, imploring your blessing upon our president, his vice president, his family, and all who will assist him in the work of his great office. father of mankind, may president
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richard m. nixon have the wholehearted support of all his fellow americans in his efforts to serve you, our country, and our world. amen. ♪ [band plays "hail to the chief"] ♪
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♪ mr. cronkite: mr. johnson, the ex-president of the united states, is leaning over and congratulating mrs. nixon, the first lady. the immediately preceding first lady saying goodbye. ♪ mr. cronkite: mrs. agnew. except for the formal clothes, that reminds me of miami beach. mr. mudd: i think that is the first time we have seen them together, the four of them since
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miami beach, the convention that nominated these two men who went on to win a narrow victory over the democratic candidates. but for now, the president and vice president of the united states. mr. cronkite: during the singing of the national anthem, "the star-spangled banner," the most active seemed to be the johnson daughters. mrs. nixon did not sing, nor did mrs. agnew. mr. mudd: i also noticed when they played "hail to the chief" for president nixon, mrs. johnson was patting her foot and doing a dance to the music. while undoubtedly there is some sadness on the part of president johnson, former president johnson now, and mrs. johnson, there must also be great relief
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on both of their parts. president johnson was telling his friends over this last couple of weeks in washington that he wished he could step out on each of the nights when he told friends he thought it was a dangerous period of transition because other countries might mistake the transition period for a period of weakness and he was anxious to get the transfer. now it is done, and he steps into history. mr. cronkite: mr. nixon and the vice presidential party are going to the senate reception room, which occupies part of the eastern extension of the capital, for a luncheon of about 75 members of congress and a few political associates and close members of the family. mr. johnson is now out of office. it came as a little surprise when you called him ex-president johnson.
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it does not take long. mr. mudd: it doesn't. although we will all slip occasionally and call him president johnson the rest of this day. i suppose he is entitled to be called mr. president the rest of his life, as all persons are for the highest position they have held in life. he disappears from the scene for the rest of the day. it is nixon's day. president nixon's day, excuse me. now he goes to the home of his last secretary of defense for a luncheon with his friends. his closest friends. and then by helicopter, i believe he may be the first former president to leave the capitol by helicopter, to andrews air force base to fly to the ranch in texas and to retirement from this capitol, where he has spent 37 years. mr. cronkite: the last two or three days, mr. johnson was living out of his suitcase with all his personal belongings and papers gone out.
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when he left this morning at 11:15, he was in fact leaving, never to go back there as the president. it is assumed. his departure, this transition of power, has been a far more graceful thing that has happened in past inaugurals in our recent history, even. but over the last few presidents it has gone rather well. this luncheon has become almost a tradition. president truman began it when he left town by train. a huge crowd was at union station telling former president truman goodbye. cbs news coverage of the inauguration of richard m. nixon continues in a moment.
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president johnson, former president johnson, and the immediate past first lady just leaving the white house -- the capitol. mike wallace is there. >> how do you feel leaving the office, sir? [indiscernible] >> mrs. johnson is right behind him. >> what did you think about the speech? >> it was memorable. >> there is very little opportunity to talk to the johnson family, who are getting into their limousines. obviously, the security people here have been asked to keep us as far from the car as possible so they would not have to stop and talk on their way out. i am sure the reason is it is richard nixon's day, and they are going off to lunch at the clifford home.
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mr. cronkite: i caught just a word or two there. he said something about his health. did you catch those words? >> his health? mr. cronkite: did he say i am glad i have my health? did i misunderstand? >> i didn't hear it if you did, walter. linda said she thought the speech was a memorable one, but they were anxious to get into their car and get on their way, away from the capitol. mr. cronkite: our immediate former presidents of past have not left quite so gracefully and disappeared down union station and with no farewell at all. as we said, former president johnson is going to the home of a recent secretary of defense for a farewell luncheon, then up to the ranch this afternoon. of all the distinguished guests today, there was one missing.
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he is, i suppose, will come to be known as a presidential crony under the nixon administration. he was not in the numbered seated guests, but i spotted him below. he was standing with the diplomatic corps up at the presidential stand. now as the new president of the united states, richard nixon, and his immediate party go in to lunch at the capitol building, cbs news coverage of the inauguration of richard m. nixon continues in a moment after a pause for station identification. announcer: cbs news coverage of the inauguration of richard m. nixon is brought you by the savings and loan associations throughout the united states. here are walter cronkite and roger mudd. mr. cronkite: roger, we heard the inaugural address, the first
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words of the new president of the united states. it seemed to me it was in the nature of soft-spoken, as he requested. but the eternal counsel to us, his subjects. >> very sensitive to the mood. if not the country in all its diverse groups, at least this massive central party of americans who elected him. there were echoes in it of previous inaugurals from wilson, fdr, kennedy, and johnson. but mr. nixon is obviously listening to a different drummer. times have changed. mr. johnson four years ago talked first about justice. he emphasized that. that was an earlier stage. mr. kennedy ages ago had --
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eight years ago had emphasized sacrifice, and he was speaking to the rest of the world and anyone who wants to be our enemies, almost a challenge. he talked of sacrifice and bearing any burden. this was not quite like that. it was very soft-spoken. he was the one who asked we lower our voices in this country, and he has set the style for that in the keynote himself. his almost conversational manner of delivering this inaugural. every sunday we feature the presidency, weekly series exploring the presidents, politics, policies, and legacies. you are watching american history tv all weekend, every weekend on sees than three. this week on "the communicators" gary shapiro on the major issues
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facing the $398 billion technology industry in the u.s.. here know robotics will be , artificial intelligence, drones, self driving cars. certainly biotech in a way we have never experienced before. locke chan technology. all of these are coming. how do you succeed as someone who is flexible, knowing part of the future is not clear and part of it is totally clear? how do you benefit if you are a government, business, or individual? >> live february 3, super bowl sunday at noon eastern, author and sports writer is our guest on book tv. author of many books including "what is my name, for? ool?"
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over," and his most recent "jim brown: last man standing" >> we need to fight for sport and reclaim them. we need to take sports back. if we will do so, we need to know our history. our greatest ammunition in this fight. we need to know our history of athletes, sports writers, and fans who have stood up to the machine. if for no other reason than for knowing its history, i think it allows us to look at the world and see struggles can affect every aspect of life in this system, even the ivory tower known as sports. conversation with your calls, emails, tweets, and facebook questions. live, february 3 on book tv. tiffany gill talks about the
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green book. 1930's,blished in the the listed businesses around the country that accepted african-american customers when so many hotels, restaurants and other destinations would refuse to serve them. this interview was recorded at the american historical meeting at chicago. >> tiffany is a professor at university of delaware. and 1946, what was it like for african-americans to travel around the world? >> it was built with a lot of uncertain. african-americans never knew what they would face. whether it was through segregation patterns, with laws that prohibited them from


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