tv Reel America 1969 Richard Nixon Inauguration - CBS News CSPAN January 28, 2019 12:01am-1:31am EST
next, the ceremony including the oath of office, the inaugural billys, and a prayer by graham. this is about 90 minutes. >> there is the reverend billy graham, who is participating in the ceremony, from north carolina. behind him is justice douglas, of the supreme court. just behind him is hugo black. another picture of black. he may be the first to retire, am i right?
mr. cronkite: that's right. secretary of defense. all of these nominees for the cabinet will be approved just after the ceremony when the senate goes back into session after their lunch, all with the exception of robert heckel. remember the roosevelt inaugural, they zipped them right through in a moment of uncharacteristic senate speak, they got the whole group confirmed. president nixon when he leaves the stand, he goes back to the room and signs his nomination and sends them up to the senate, so they can to receive this afternoon within an hour or so. william rogers, of course, one of richard nixon's oldest and most trusted advisors. you recall the period after the eisenhower heart attack when mr. nixon retreated to the arms of his friends, he retreated to the home of william b. rogers, then attorney general. he has long counted on his advice. one of the major way stations on
the way to the nixon presidency, there are the johnson daughters. mr. mudd: right behind them the nixon daughters. patricia the blonde, 22 years old, graduate of finch, and julie and david eisenhower, her husband of less than one month. the stands are rising now to applaud the arrival of the sons and daughters of the presidential family. this is douglas rogers, according to the information i have, who is the son of william rogers. he is the escort this afternoon for patricia. mr. cronkite: you look at the
resemblance, and they might be brothers. mr. mudd: it would be a dynasty wouldn't it? mr. cronkite: they are all seated in rows divided by the center aisle. the four main soft chairs are reserved for mr. nixon, mr. agnew, mr. johnson, and mr. humphrey. 1, 2, 3, 4. everybody is in place now. mr. mudd: the diplomatic corps, the house, the senate. president-elect nixon is in richard russell's office. on the hill we call that a hideaway.
mr. russell is one of the senior members of the house and senate. it is a little hideaway. he cooks shrimps and pralines two or three times a year. mr. cronkite: here is the first lady and mrs. humphrey. and cbs news color coverage of the inauguration of richard nixon continues in a moment. ♪ mr. cronkite: this is walter cronkite with roger mudd, peering through those eyeglasses at the moment, at the presidential inaugural stand here. there are not many people behind us on the steps of the white house. george herrmann is there on the stand. george? george: i am hidden here. i am here with the david eisenhower. david, how many of these inaugurals have you been to? david: i've only been to one other. everything is a blur.
people are telling you where to go and what to do. you just follow orders. george: is it a busy time? >> yeah. george: i would like to see if your wife has the same feeling about it. i just wanted to ask you how many of inaugurals you have been to now and what you remember most? >> this is my third. i remember in 1953, i sat on my uncle's lap. in 1956, i remember it all. it was really exciting. george: do you remember being cold? >> yes. george: how about this one? has it been more rushed? >> i guess so. i think we have to leave right now. mr. cronkite: mrs. dwight d. eisenhower being escorted down
the steps to take her place in this inaugural stand, where in 1952, she saw her husband sworn in as president to the united states. he is now at walter reed hospital, presumably watching this ceremony on television. mr. mudd: that is an employee of the former office. agnew.hind her is mrs. mr. cronkite: mrs. nixon, yes, maybe in a moment. over on the left, we can see that pat nixon has taken her place alongside of mrs. agnew, mrs. johnson in the middle, of course. pat nixon has been at her husband's side through all of his political life, since 1946, when he returned as a lieutenant commander from the navy and immediately plunged into politics, running against the
democratic incumbent jared voorhees for congress. mr. mudd: the marine band is on its feet. obviously ready to play "hail to the chief." we should be getting the entrance of mr. nixon, mr. johnson, and mr. agnew in a matter of a few seconds. mr. cronkite: it looks like they will get this off in time. mr. mudd: it sure does. mr. cronkite: there has been great concern in the past, first expressed at johnson's inaugural by dale miller, there has been a laxness about getting the new president sworn in. the previous president's term expired exactly at noon, and kennedy wasn't for 51 minutes. 51 minutes when we don't have a states.t of the united
cbs news color coverage of the inauguration of president nixon continues in a moment. and now, roger, if we may coin a phrase, a hush of expectancy has fallen over these 150,000 persons gathered in front of the capitol building, capitol hill in washington, and those distinguished guests at the inaugural stand itself. any moment now, president lyndon baines johnson in the last few minutes of his five years and one month of presidency, and richard milhouse nixon in the last moments of his private citizenry, is what you'd call it, will be appearing on the stairs. they are coming out of the room. there you see them. president johnson, vice president humphrey, the man who had hoped to be inaugurated
roger, and vice president humphrey doesn't even have a coat on. mr. mudd: the weather forecast, now at least indicated we can get through the ceremony without the predicted rain and sleet they estimated earlier in the day. mr. cronkite: i think they said that was going to start at noon or after. don't get too optimistic, roger. it is cold out there. there is a northeast wind gusting to 25 at times. it is blowing in the wrong direction as far as those on the stand go, right in their faces. you notice in the dress of the president and vice president was in a sense dictated by the president-elect. humphrey just put that coat on, decided there might be a chill. mr. mudd: what is the formal approved male dress for today? mr. cronkite: it is decided by the president-elect. nixon elected for the club coat, the short, formal coat. not the tails as kennedy had.
it was eisenhower who first broke the tradition with the club coat. the tailers thought this was a heinous offense, of course, but they got over it. kennedy went back to the frock coat and topper, and johnson went all the way with the popularization dress for the day and went to the business suit and the fedora hat, but now mr. nixon has chosen to come back to the club coat, striped pants, and that is what president johnson and vice president humphrey are going along with. mr. mudd: there is the chief justice earl warren. then standing behind with his hand leaving his mouth, david kennedy. on his right was melvin lair.
there's senator edward kennedy. i don't need to point that one out, i guess, standing to his left is senator richard russell, i think was the face i saw. time magazine would make the notation ted kennedy and david kennedy, no relation. there is wallace bennett of utah. james easton of mississippi. senatorial headgear is interesting to observe. you get used to men day after day without any hat on, but when you see them out here, they change altogether. edward brooke has an enormous bearskin hat on with earflaps. ♪ mr. cronkite: here is johnson,
the house, the senate, leading in spiro agnew, the vice president elect, accompanied by minority leader of the house, and gerald ford. dirksen of the senate and ford of the house, i'm sorry. dumfrey and johnson are the sergeants at arms of the house and senate. another indication this is strictly a capital ceremony. shaking hands there with president johnson, who has now about 20 minutes left in his five years in the white house. remarkably, of these four men who will be sitting there today in their place in history, every one of them has come from very modest circumstances. lyndon johnson as a hard-working schoolteacher, spiro agnew there, the 50-year-old vice
president-elect, the son of a greek immigrant restaurant owner. hubert humphrey, whose father had a drugstore, who did not so terribly well with it apparently. they had their rough times. then richard milhouse nixon, whose father ran a grocery and filling station. some have noted there are something like 22,000 more grocers than druggists, and this was part of nixon's margin in winning the presidency. but the log cabin beginnings of our presidents, which for a while looked like, at least during the john kennedy period, had perhaps passed, have come back. mr. mudd: i guess that is what most politicians would like to have you think, they all came
from log cabins. still waiting for the arrival of richard nixon, who will swing out through the rotunda and down the center steps. there is the jacob javits, senator from new york, of course. and clifford case of new jersey with the windbreak coat and a fur collar. is that russell long in the corner there? i did not see him. there is governor rockefeller. the slow movement of the camera up to the steps of the platform, of course. this whole complex here doesn't look like this at all, and won't look like it in another week. this is really just a blacktop parking lot. the east plaza of the capital, but the stands, barricades, and
fences have been put in place. work started in the summer to get started on it, and after the ceremonies it is then dismantled and gets shipped out to tennessee, where a lumber dealer has purchased this at a reduced price for use in a townhouse project. mr. cronkite: past inaugurals, you used to be able to come up here and bid on the lumber and take it home and build something out of it. [laughter] mr. cronkite: you play with your dolls and i will -- mr. mudd: the texas tower, so-called, that we are in, this tv apparatus here has moved this year about nine feet forward, closer to the rostrum because they wanted to pour 14-foot-deep footings so we would not topple over in a high wind.
they moved it nine feet forward so they would miss an old cistern below the blacktop. they dug their holes and went down and hit the cistern, because the walls were not two feet thick, but four feet thick. the cistern has been closed over and has not been used until just after the civil war. mr. cronkite: we saw the diplomatic corps and i was reminded, roger, there have been some notable goofs in these ceremonies as late as 1933. we had some monumental ones. for instance, somebody forgot to notify the diplomatic corps during roosevelt's first
inaugural, and they sat in that room waiting to be called, and never made it. because the president came in and they could not be seated after the president arrived, and they did not see any of the ceremony. mr. mudd: it is interesting to watch the american diplomatic corps. they don't know when to applaud. during a joint session, diplomats usually sit with republicans, and republicans usually applaud when the speaker wants to cut the budget or has a patriotic reference, but normally they are a little embarrassed and looking furtively to their american counterparts -- there is mr. nixon, now leaving richard russell's office, or hideaway, and out onto the east portico of the capital, proceeded again by zeke johnson and william dunphy, almost a stately approach. there's the signal to the band. ♪
back and a clap between the shoulder blades. a hand shake with spiro agnew and hubert humphrey. [applause] mr. cronkite: finally this crowd has come to life. this is what it has been waiting for. the master of ceremonies, that's not really the title, but the man who keeps the program moving is the chairman of the joint inaugural committee and it will be senator dirksen who will introduce the various clergymen.
this is, as you have pointed out, roger, a congressional function. they run this program. most solemn in our american political life. i have lost the picture there. i was going to put out mark trice, who is the executive director of this joint inaugural committee. he is the secretary to the minority and serves as a floor operative during senate sessions. roger, hubert humphrey met with some of his democratic governors this morning and said to them he was not precluding the possibility of his running for the presidency in 1972. now, of course, that can be just politics to keep his hand in and his power in the democratic national committee. he has said he might run for the senate in 1970 from minnesota, particularly if senator mccarthy chooses not to run again, as he
has indicated he might. [applause] mr. mudd: a standing round of applause for that old warrior everett dirksen, who has been here since 1933. >> mr. president, mr. president-elect, mr. vice president, mr. vice president-elect, and my fellow citizens, i present for the invocation the right reverend charles eubanks tucker. rev. tucker: let us pray. [speaking in latin]
not unto us, oh lord, not unto us, but unto thy name we give the glory. our father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name, thy kingdom come, thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. give us this day our daily bread and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us, and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil, for thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. almighty god, down to whom all hearts are open, all desires known, and from whom no secrets are hidden, cleanse the thoughts of our hearts by the inspiration of thy holy spirit that we may perfectly love thee and worthily
magnify thy holy name. at this solemn moment, when the sun will soon begin to take its daily trek and will come to rest in the bosom of the western horizon, and all nature by pantomime and silent eloquence proclaims thy glory, dominion, and power in heaven and on earth, in this grandeloquent silence we lift our voices to thee in praise and adoration. and these troubled times of global turmoil and unrest, our
father, we turn to thee. give to our nation a clear vision of the highest good and our leaders the clear judgment as to how that good may be obtained, and at this time, we would humbly beseech thee to bestow a special blessing on our beloved president richard milhouse nixon and his family. we thank thee for his exemplary life, for his unswerving allegiance and devotion to america and the ideals for which she stands -- freedom, justice, and liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. we thank thee for his unstinted service to the nation in yesteryear. be his last bastion of strength and comfort as he assumes the herculean and awesome
responsibilities of the presidency and the concomitant responsibility as the leader of the free nations of the world. endow him with spiritual wisdom to make the right decisions that may well determine the fate of mankind and civilization itself. god of grace and god of glory, on thy people pour thy power, give us wisdom, give us courage for the facing of this hour. and this we ask in the name of the father and of the son and of the holy ghost. amen. mr. mudd: the reverend tucker of louisville, kentucky. >> thank you, reverend tucker.
it was not the light of the sun or the moon or a billion blazing worlds. it was the logos, the word, the divine presence that would reflect itself on the human mind and soul. this is the light that brought man out of the cave and endowed him with intelligence, morality, the yearning for freedom that inspired prophets and sages of old and of all ages. this is the american ideal born at the time of creation itself, cherished by the founding fathers, who were practical idealists. they knew history well. they warned against the dangers of ignorance, stupidity, apathy, selfishness, immorality, and dissension within our borders and between nations. they knew full well that
patience, courage, goodwill, cooperation were preferable to hysteria and emotionalism. and that age-old problems, complex problems cannot be solved with instant answers and simple answers. they knew there is no substitute in the world for common sense. the night is long, and it is still dark. as far as civilization goes, but we will never be perfect, for man is not perfect. but we are on the way. our country is still great. it will be greater with hope in our hearts and with work and dedication, rededication. there are few faint streaks of pink in the sky. we await the dawn. almighty god, bless our country
and him who will be our leader and our guide in the coming years. our fathers god, to the authors , to thee we sing, long may our land be bright with freedom's holy light. protect us by thine might. great god, our king, amen. mr. cronkite: the rabbi magnon, spiritual leader of the wilshire boulevard temple in los angeles. he has been since 1950. >> my fellow americans, it is my honor and my privilege to administer the oath of office to the vice president-elect.
♪ sen. dirksen: you will repeat after me. i, spiro theodore agnew -- vice pres. agnew: i, spiro theodore agnew -- sen. dirksen: -- do solemnly swear -- vice pres. agnew: -- do solemnly swear -- chief justice warren: -- that i will support and defend -- vice pres. agnew: -- that i will support and defend -- sen. dirksen: -- the constitution of the united states -- vice pres. agnew: -- the constitution of the united states -- sen. dirksen: -- against all enemies, foreign and domestic. vice pres. agnew: against all enemies, foreign and domestic. sen. dirksen: that i will bear true faith and allegiance to the same -- vice pres. agnew: that i will bear true faith and allegiance to the same. sen. dirksen: that i take this obligation freely --
vice pres. agnew: that i take this obligation freely -- sen. dirksen: without any mental reservations -- vice pres. agnew: without any mental reservations -- sen. dirksen: -- or purpose of evasion. vice pres. agnew: -- or purpose of evasion. sen. dirksen: and that i will well and faithfully discharge -- vice pres. agnew: and that i will well and faithfully discharge -- sen. dirksen: -- the duties of the office -- vice pres. agnew: -- the duties of the office -- sen. dirksen: -- on which i am about to enter -- vice pres. angew: -- on which i am about to enter -- sen. dirksen: -- so help you god. vice pres. agnew: -- so help me god. [applause] mr. cronkite: that oath of office is about twice as long as the presidential oath. it is the standard oath for federal office holders, whereas the presidential oath is written out in the constitution, so about half of that one, 58 words. holding the bible is mark trice.
>> in full realization of this historic moment, we bow our heads and thank thee, o lord, for gathering the soul of our nation, united in subjugation. we humbly beseech thee, master of our destiny, to favorably look upon thy faithful servant, richard milhouse nixon, and endow him with holiness of purpose and total commitment and dedication so that he may serve thee throughout his years of administration.
illumine the minds of our new president so that through his words and pronouncements and deeds he may lead us to a new appreciation of all that is true, honest, just, pure, and of noble intentions, both in government and society. grant him the power to overcome , injustice with justice, hatred with love, bias with the will treatment, violence with compassion, war with peace, and together with his vice president and associates to attain peace and unity at home and abroad, thus healing the wounds of division which cause so much pain and anguish to us all.
incline thine ear, o merciful prince of peace, and help him to these petitions that help them here these petitions, for thou hast said, ask and it shall be given you. and unto thee we put our trust, and glory and adoration. to the father and the son and the holy spirits, world without end. amen. mr. cronkite: the archbishop is a greek orthodox member of north and south america. he also participated in the 1965 inaugural of lyndon johnson. >> doubtless the world's
north or south or from the east or west? my heart is filled with love for all of these i only know i swell with pride and deep within my breast i thrill to see old glory paint the breeze this is my country land of my birth this is my country grandest on earth i pledge thee my allegiance america the bold
capital, they pump their feet not only to applaud, but to get warm at the same time. >> we welcome a minister evangelist known in all corners of the earth, the reverend billy graham. rev. graham: shall we pray? our father and our god, thou hast said blessed is that nation whose god is the lord. we recognize on this historic occasion that we are a nation under god. we thank thee for this torch of faith handed to us by our forefathers. may we never let it be extinguished. thou alone has given us our prosperity, our freedom, and our power.
this faith in god is our heritage and our foundation. thou hast warned us in the scriptures, if the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do? as george washington reminded us, morality and faith are the pillars of our society. we confess that these pillars are being eroded in an increasingly materialistic and permissive society. the whole world is watching to see if the faith of our fathers will stand the trials and tests of this hour. too long we have neglected thy word and ignored thy laws. too long we have tried to solve our problems without reference to thee. too long we have tried to live by bread alone. we have sown to the wind and are now reaping a whirlwind of crime, division, and vengeance. now with the wages of our sins staring us in the face, we remember thy words.
if my people were to call by my name shall humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then will i hear from heaven and will forgive their sins and heal their land. help us this day to turn from our sins and to turn by simple faith to the one who said ye must be born again. so, we pray, o god, as we enter a new era, that we as a nation may experience a moral and spiritual restoration. thou hast said promotion comes not from the east, nor from the west, but from thee. we acknowledge thy divine help in the selection of our leadership each four years. we recognize, o lord, that in thy sovereignty, thou hast permitted richard nixon to lead
us at this momentous hour of our history. we beseech thee that he will have thy divine guidance and power daily. help him as thou has helped those servants of old. we know the burdens and responsibilities will be overwhelming. he will hold in his hands the destiny of more people than any man in history. o god, our new president needs thee as no man has ever needed thee in leading a people. there will be times when he will be overwhelmed by the problems at home and abroad that have been building up for many years. give him supernatural wisdom, courage, and strength these four years. protect him and his family from physical danger. and in the lonely moments of decision, grant him an uncompromising courage to do what is morally right.
give him a cool head in a warm heart. give him a compassion for those in physical, moral, and spiritual need. we pray that thou willst guide richard nixon in handling the affairs of the state that the whole world will marvel and glorify thee. o god, we consecrate richard milhouse nixon with the assurance that from this moment on as he and his family move into the white house that they will have the presence and the power of thy son who said, i will never leave thee nor forsake thee. what we pray for president nixon, we pray for vice president agnew and members of the cabinet. may they be given a wisdom and a courage that is beyond their own. bless them as a team to lead america to the dawning of a new day, with renewed trust in god that will lead to peace, justice, and prosperity.
we pray this humbly, in the name of the prince of peace who shed his blood on the cross that men might have eternal life. amen. mr. cronkite: because it is now past 12:00 noon and richard nixon has not yet been sworn in, technically -- although it is really not upsetting anyone -- the united states is without a president. i would assume -- it is interesting. suppose there was a crisis. who would take over? >> -- the honorable earl warren, who will administer the oath of office to the president of the united states. ♪
chief justice warren: you, richard milhous nixon, do solemnly swear -- pres. nixon: i, richard milhous nixon, do solemly swear -- chief justice warren: -- that you will faithfully execute the office -- pres. nixon: -- that i will faithfully execute the office -- chief justice warren: -- of president of the united states -- pres. nixon: -- of president of the united states -- chief justice warren: -- and will, to the best of your ability -- pres. nixon: -- and will, to the best of my ability -- chief justice warren: -- preserve, protect, and defend -- pres. nixon: -- preserve, protect, and defend --
chief justice warren: -- the constitution of the united states -- pres. nixon: -- the constitution of the united states -- chief justice warren: -- so help you god. pres. nixon: -- so help me god. [applause] the chief"] ♪ mr. cronkite: for the first time for the 37th president of the united states, richard milhous nixon, "hail to the chief." and the battery of guns saluting the new president of the united states. chief"] ♪o the [applause]
mr. cronkite: mrs. nixon, now with the two family bibles, the milhous family bible, the nixon family bible. the second time that has been done. formerly, an employee of the senate held the bible, and president johnson broke with that tradition when he had mrs. johnson hold the bible. now, the inaugural address. [applause] pres. nixon: senator dirksen, mr. chief justice, mr. vice
president, president johnson, vice president humphrey, my fellow americans, and my fellow citizens of the world community, i ask you to share with me today the majesty of this moment. in the orderly transfer of power, we celebrate the unity that keeps us free. each moment in history is a fleeting time, precious and unique, but some stand out as moments of beginning, in which courses are set that shape decades or centuries. this can be such a moment. forces now are converging that make possible, for the first time, the hope that many of man's deepest aspirations can at last be realized. the spiraling pace of change allows us to contemplate, within
our own lifetime, advances that once would have taken centuries. in throwing wide the horizons of space, we have discovered new horizons on earth. for the first time, because the people of the world want peace, and the leaders of the world are afraid of war, the times are on the side of peace. [applause] pres. nixon: eight years from now america will celebrate its 200th anniversary as a nation, and within the lifetime of most people now living, mankind will celebrate that great new year which comes only once in 1000 years, the beginning of the third millennium. what kind of a nation we will be, what kind of a world we will live in, whether we shape the future in the image of our hopes, is ours to determine by our actions and our choices.
the greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker. this honor now beckons america, the chance to help lead the world at last out of the valley of turmoil, and onto that high ground of peace that man has dreamed of since the dawn of civilization. if we succeed, generations to come will say of us now living that we mastered our moment, that we helped make the world safe for mankind. this is our summons to greatness, and i believe the american people are ready to answer this call. the second third of this century has been a time of proud achievement. we have made enormous strides in science and industry and agriculture. we have shared our wealth more broadly than ever. we have learned at last to manage a modern economy to
assure its continued growth. we have given freedom new reach. we have begun to make its promise real for black as well as for white. we see the hope of tomorrow in the youth of today. i know america's youth. i believe in them. we can be proud that they are better educated, more committed, more passionately driven by conscience than any generation in our history. [applause] pres. nixon: no people has ever been so close to the achievement of a just and abundant society, or so possessed of the will to achieve it. and because our strengths are so great, we can afford to appraise our weaknesses with candor and to approach them with hope.
standing in this same place a third of a century ago, franklin delano roosevelt addressed a nation ravaged by depression and gripped in fear. he could say in surveying the nation's troubles, "they concern, thank god, only material things." our crisis today is the reverse. we find ourselves rich in goods, but ragged in spirit. reaching with magnificent precision for the moon, but falling into raucous discord on earth. we are caught in war, wanting peace. we are torn by division, wanting unity. we see around us empty lives, wanting fulfillment. we see tasks that need doing, waiting for hands to do them. to a crisis of the spirit, we need an answer of the spirit. to find that answer, we need
only look within ourselves. when we listen to the better angels of our nature, we find that they celebrate the simple things, the basic things, such as goodness, decency, love, kindness. greatness comes in simple trappings. the simple things are the ones most needed today if we are to surmount what divides us and cement what unites us. to lower our voices would be a simple thing. in these difficult years, america has suffered from a fever of words, from inflated rhetoric that promises more than it can deliver, from angry rhetoric that fans discontents into hatreds, from bombastic rhetoric that postures instead of persuading. we cannot learn from one another until we stop shouting at one
another, until we speak quietly enough so that our words can be heard as well as our voices. [applause] pres. nixon: for its part, government will listen. we will strive to listen in new ways to the voices of quiet anguish, the voices that speak without words, the voices of the heart, to the injured voices, the anxious voices, the voices that have despaired of being heard. those who have been left out, we will try to bring in. those left behind, we will help to catch up. for all of our people, we will set as our goal the decent order that makes progress possible and our lives secure. as we reach toward our hopes, our task is to build on what has gone before, not turning away from the old, but turning toward the new.
in this past third of a century, government has passed more laws, spent more money, initiated more programs than in all our previous history. in pursuing our goals of full employment, better housing, excellence in education, in rebuilding our cities and improving our rural areas, in protecting our environment and enhancing the quality of life. in all these and more, we will and must press urgently forward. we shall plan now for the day when our wealth can be transferred from the destruction of war abroad to the urgent needs of our people at home. [applause] pres. nixon: the american dream does not come to those who fall asleep. but we are approaching the limits of what government alone