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tv   Reel America July 10 1944 Combat Weekly Digest  CSPAN  July 7, 2019 4:16pm-4:41pm EDT

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>> fireworks have long been a tradition of the july 4 celebrations and this day continued the tradition. their wordlessed exclamation as they saw the fireworks in the sky above the potomac river. it was a long, eventful day. hundreds of thousands of people took part in the celebration at this nation's capitol while millions more in their on way, in their own towns and cities throughout the united states, took this day to affirm their love for their country. this is richard strater in washington, d.c.
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>> during the advance on wrong, -- on rome, enemy transportation facilities are harassed from the air. this a-36 with a wing mounted camera dives on a roadblock from 6,000 feet, releases two 500-pound bombs and pulls out at 1,500 feet. the target area is obscured by dust from previous bomb bursts. [gunfire]
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>> motor transport. dropping from an altitude of 500 feet, a-36 fighter bombers destroy motor transports, 36 damaged. target, highway north of rome. a-36's on a reconnaissance mission shoot up a truck convoy. >> on another mission near the mouth of the tiber, the fighter bombers attack and leave several trucks and planes. [gunfire]
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>> target, motor transport near castelana. each plane carries two 500-pound bombs. target, the grinch sound west -- of baloge southwest nga -- balogna. genoa harbor.
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mitchells carrying 500-pound bombs, without fighter escort. over the target is moderate but extremely accurate. we suffer no losses. shipping in the harbor is damaged. target -- on may 24, tactical air force struck. no blackhawk fighters are encountered. broken clouds interfered with visibility. ♪ >> target, yugoslavia, german troops had occupied the town forcing a- the town,
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partisan -- forcing the partisans to take up positions in the outskirts. dropped 40 100-pound all purpose bombs. >> in the first formation, about 2/3 of the bombs cover the left of the target. bombs hit the near of the end. near misses are scored. smoke of the bombing is visible 30-40 miles away. >> target -- yugoslavia, on may
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29, selective bomb by v-24's to destroy another german occupied town. flak is encountered over the target. on this one day, several other yugoslavian towns containing concentrations of german troops are attacked from the air to aid the partisan army. 290 liberators, at least 540 tons of bombs over targets in yugoslavia in one day's operations.
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>> from a base in the admiralty's, dates -- a jungle , accompanied by an enlisted unit. starting from calvary headquarters on the south coast they wade ashore. the combat cameraman are as heavily armed as the rest of the patrol. they march through heavy jungles and deep mangrove swamps. two hours out the point man killed five japs, caught by surprise in the center of the trail. >> our troops cautiously close in on a jap hut. >> inside they find nine dead japs killed the previous day by another patrol.
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on one of the bodies are found an american fountain pen and cigarette case. they return to spend the night. next day, they hike to a river on a three-day patrol. the men board canoes led by friendly natives who take hem up to the mouth of the river for two hours. the men stand or kneel on the platform, guns facing in all directions. four japs, washing clothes in the river were fired at from the canoes but it was impossible to verify the results the patrol pushes on through a tropical downpour. >> they wade ashore through mud and press on into the jungle.
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they estimate there are about 250 japs on this part of the island. the patrol camps. the men try to dry their clothing and equipment. machine guns cover all approaches to the camp and men not on guard duty relax. the next morning, the patrol continues in the rain. at 1100 hours, a large concentration of the enemy is discovered. 17 are killed and a single survivor, a sergeant major, is captured. he's the only prisoner taken during this patrol. 47 japs were killed. crossing the river on their way out, the men hold their weapons high. two snipers who fired on the patrol were killed at this point.
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the prisoner, beginning to weaken, stumbles in the current. as they stop for rations, he has to be carried for the rest of the journey. this is difficult through jap-infested jungle and mangrove swamps. it's necessary to give the prisoner doses of medicine. by morning he was improved. the stretcher was taken downstream where the patrol will transfer to an lcm. >> these are some trophies of a successful patrol. the prisoner responding to treatment is able to sit up in the lcm as the patrol heads for home. at red beach, the japanese sergeant major is turned over to
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the intelligence officer for interrogation. >> furnished with clean clothing, the prisoners is placed in the regular stockaid. >> on the afternoon of april 12, a storm of gale proportions ed, causing considerable damage to aircraft tied down. top wind velocity of 17 miles per hour.
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at 1845 hours, heavy rain started again. the wind reached a velocity of 35 miles per hour with possible isolated gusts ranging from 50 to 60 miles per hour. gliders and planes were blown all over the field after being torn from their moorings. ♪ several gliders were blown up into trees.
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another was carried by the force of the wind up on to the roof of the hut. >> at the air base in india, the station dispensary ambulance drives out on the runway to treat an injured gunner. he's suffering from severe shock as a result of pain and hemorrhage. morphine is administered and oxygen is given, which was built from a dispensary because of the
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unavailability of oxygen cylinders a standard oxygen mask is placed on the face and the flow of oxygen is adjusted to the needs of the patient by a regulator valve. a type g-1 supply tank is mounted on the carrying case. pressure on the tank is 400 pounds. the advantage of the low pressure tank is that it can be refilled at any airfield. satisfactory results have been obtained from this apparatus which consist of an oxygen supply, oxygen flow tubing, oxygen flow regulator and filler valve. >> target mulhouse. in the campaign to disrupt rail communications in france, they were attacked several times during may.
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liberators escorted by lightenings, thunderbolts and mustangs made this raid on the 11th. a 109 is shot down by a p-47. the pilot can be seen parachuting down. the freight yards here at mulhouse were hit on the same day with fair results.
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the mulhouse freight yards are attacked again on may 25. 350 tons of bombs are dropped by formations of 135 heavy bombers. on this raid, the engine roundhouse, the locomotive shed are damaged and many hits are scored on the tracks.
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>> the air campaign against installations in france continues. liberators pass over service vessels bound for france and fly over the invasion coast six days after d-day. this smoking target has just been bombed by another group. the objectives of this attack are an airfield and railroad bridges.
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>> hits are scored in the target area. the target of the day of the ninth air force, is a village on the west coast of the norman peninsula 30 miles south. the highway and railroad bridges are bombed. another group striking about 75
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miles south, attacked. the railroad bridge under attack is the main line to enemy occupied territory. marshaling yards are the target of a third group. many rail yards were bombed during the second week after invasion. ninth air force marauders 's, set out to37 destroy a petrol dump 13 miles southwest.
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german tanks and motorized vehicles used the petrol dump for refueling. cameras record fighter activity over your -- over europe on d-day. transportation facilities are attacked to hamper enemy communications. >> motor transport is shot up.
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[gunfire] more trains. >> an ammunition truck is caught. an enemy command car.
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>> you can watch archival films on public affairs in their our weekly series "reel america." saturday at 10:00 p.m., and sunday at 4:00 p.m. eastern. here on american history tv. >> hi, i'm professor katherine stewart in mount vernon, iowa, and i'm a big fan of c-span american history tv.
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i watch it both on television, on the cable network and i also watch it in online videos. one of the reasons why i'm a big fan is because as a scholar it gives me a great opportunity to see authors talk about their own works in exciting ways. it gives me new insight into the scholarship that's being done in my field and other fields that i may not have an opportunity to browse or look into further and i also love getting to watch the lectures in american history in different college classrooms across the nation, where i get to see specifically how my colleagues whom i may never have met, are approaching different topics. what types of courses they are teaching and their classroom environment. how they are teaching topics on a daily basis. it connects me to a wider community. both of scholars within and outside of my field and also a wider community. >> american history tv. exploring our nation's past every weekend on c-span 3.
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and online at c-span.org/history. >> you're watching american -- >> next on american history tv, indiana university, blooming history professor emeritus james h. madison gives an illustrated talk about the ku klux klan in the midwest, highlighted the 1920's era when there might have been as many as four million kkk members nationwide. this talk is part of the fifth annual midwestern history conference hosted by grand valley state university. >> good morning, i'm coming to you from ball state university and it's my distinct pleasure and honor this morning to introduce james h. madison. the thomas and catherine wheeler professor emeritus of history at indiana university. he's an award-winning teacher and the author of many books

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