tv Reel America Moonwalk One - 1970 CSPAN July 27, 2019 8:01am-9:46am EDT
to parades for the after knots -- astronauts after their safe return. the film also includes the history of technical developments that meet the mission a reality and scenes from around the world as people watched man's first steps on the moon. ♪ one million morning's forgotten by the mind of man. don remembers the magic circle. stonehenge. ♪ ♪
narrator: 6 million pounds of machine, 36 stories tall, nearly 10 years' work of half a million people. through the night, it was check listed, double checked, electronically monitored, computerized, televised, dehumanized of human error. while the night of celebration was ending, the day began for the astronauts. breakfast, medical examination, suiting up.
far across the indian river 12 miles away, the rocket. at 6:32 a.m., three hours before launch, on pad 39a, armstrong and aldrin walked on the surface of the earth. their next steps would be on the moon. spectators rolled in by the thousands, campers, trailers, cars and pickups filled the campsites, beaches, lined the parkways, nose to tail gate from
♪ >> propellant load pressure and temperature, digital transmission worldwide tracking, stabilization and guidance, radiofrequency telemetry and voice communications, signal disintegration, spacecraft electrical power, flight control, s4b propulsion stage monitoring, every important valve, gauge, and circuit was continually monitored throughout the 24 hour countdown. >> countdown is still going well, t -55 minutes, 10 seconds and counting. this is kennedy. ♪ narrator: among the 6000 special guests were vice presidents, an x presidents, two plane
from the morning before or tomorrow morning. this day on which man will leave earth to walk on the moon, 3 billion people went about their daily lives, some in the way their ancestors did centuries before, others in a world shaped by modern technology. it seemed that most people were unaware that this event might change the history of the human race, that this morning would be marked in history books and
learned by their children's children. what age of man will the meaning of this morning be understood? ♪ >> this is apollo launch control, we have passed the six minute mark in our countdown for apollo 11, the flight to land the first men on the moon. we are on time for our planned lift off at 32 minutes past the hour. coming up shortly, that swingarm at the spacecraft level will come back to its fully returned
position at the five minute mark in the count. with the swingarm not coming back as our countdown continues, informing the astronauts the swingarm now coming back. four minutes and counting, we are go for apollo 11. we will be coming up in the automatic sequence in 10 or 15 seconds at this time. the vehicle is starting to pressurize. all is still go as we monitor our status. command coming in now, automatic sequence on the master computer, supervising hundreds of events occurring over these last few minutes. two minutes, 10 seconds and counting, oxidized tanks in the second and third stages now have pressurized, t minus one minute 35 seconds, the third stage completely pressurized.
we passed t -60. 55 seconds and counting. neil armstrong reported back when he received the good wishes, thank you, very much. we know it will be a good flight. good luck and godspeed. 40 seconds away from the apollo 11 lift off. second stage tanks now pressurized. 35 seconds and counting, still go with apollo 11. 30 seconds and counting. nasa astronauts report it feels good. t-25 seconds. 20 seconds and counting. t-15 seconds, guidance is internal, 12, 11, 10, nine, ignition sequence starts, six [jet engines roaring]
good. >> roger, loud and clear, houston. ♪ >> skirts up. >> roger, we confirm skirts up. [indiscernible voices] narrator: when the mission was safely underway, control of the mission was shifted to houston. the months of tightly focused work at the cape were over. >> it can be said this was the culmination of men and women
they called him the moon man and left. -- laughed. but on his own, he went ahead with designing, inventing and testing. his first proving grounds were on his aunt's farm in massachusetts. the neighbors complained. ♪ narrator: with a grant from daniel guggenheim, he moved to new mexico with his wife, esther, who was also his camerawoman. he had an invented and launched the first propeller rocket in 1926. in the end, he accumulated more than 200 patents for everything from multistage rockets to fuel pumps and clustered engines. ♪
by the year 1930, his rockets achieved a speed of 500 miles per our end an altitude of 2000 feet. this was the year in which the three apollo astronauts were born. goddard had a vision of the age of space, but the world was too slow to make it happen before his death. thank you, robert goddard, for your inventiveness and perseverance. for most people, a trip to the planets was easy. all you needed was a $.10 movie ticket and a nickel bag of popcorn. ♪
>> speed to one half. >> what was that? >> i don't know. >> ship coming up fast behind us. >> here they come. you better put it in reverse, doc. narrator: what science fiction in the childhood of the space-age could have guessed the shape of reality? the saturn v rocket, three stages, 28 stories tall with 11 engines as powerful as all the waterfalls in north america combined.
years in the planning, months and the building and testing, the saturn's first stage is two minutes, 41 seconds. >> and ignition. >> houston, thrusters go, all engines, you are looking good. >> roger, you are loud and clear, houston. narrator: two minutes, 41 seconds, time to throw apollo up into the sky, and then an empty shell, to fall back into the sea. ♪ >> we've got skirt sep. >> roger, we confirm skirt sep. >> tower's gone. >> roger tower. >> neil armstrong, confirming both the engine skirt separation and the launch escape tower separation. >> hey, houston, apollo 11. that saturn gave us a magnificent ride. >> roger, 11.
we will pass that on. it certainly looks like you are well on your way now. 11, houston. your guidance is converged. you're looking good. >> downrange 140 miles, altitude 62 miles, velocity 10,300 feet per second. narrator: mission control in houston, texas had taken over from launch control in cape kennedy for the duration of the eight-day mission. the complicated technology of apollo's saturn evolved from an ingeniously simple concept -- lunar orbit rendezvous. this requires a rocket made in many pieces that discards the useless weight of each piece when its function is completed. the flight began with a vertical lift through the heavy lower atmosphere and a tilt to the east. at 6000 miles per hour, the empty first stage is discarded to save weight. so is an adapter ring and the unused escape tower. with the second stage firing, it reaches 15,000 miles per hour when it too is jettisoned.
the third stage places apollo in earth orbit at 17,400 miles per hour. when the spacecraft has been thoroughly checked out by the crew, the third stage fires again, its speed now tearing it free from the grip of earth's gravity. while coasting outward, the command service module separates and docks for access to the lunar module and the empty third stage is left behind. apollo loses speed throughout 9/10 of its journey until the moon's gravity overcomes the pull of earth. apollo fires in reverse direction, slowing down enough to be captured in orbit about the moon. armstrong and aldrin enter the lunar module, eagle, which separates, leaving collins in the command service module in lunar orbit. eagle slows still more and breaks to a touchdown on the lunar surface.
after the moonwalk, the upper stage of the eagle lifts off, leaving behind the now useless landing stage, and swings into orbit to dock with columbia once again. when the crew and moon samples are transferred to the command surface module, the lunar module is discarded. the command service module fires itself out of lunar orbit and falls back to earth. as it approaches reentry speed of nearly 25,000 miles per hour, the service module drops away. the command module plunges into the atmosphere, protected by its heat shield. slowed still more by the heavy, lower atmosphere, it parachutes into the sea. the command module columbia is
the command module columbia is all that remains of the original 3000 tons of rocket, fuel, and cargo. >> apollo 11, this is houston over. narrator: while in earth orbit, the apollo crew had less than two hours to check out all their spacecraft systems, the last chance to discover and correct any malfunction before the third stage engine is restarted to break them free of earth, the translunar injection. >> we are 10 minutes away from ignition on translunar injection. >> apollo 11, this is houston. you are go for tli, over. >> apollo 11, thank you. >> roger, out. >> apollo 11, this is houston. slightly less than one minute to ignition, and everything is go. >> roger. ignition. >> we confirm ignition and the thrust is go. >> apollo 11, roger.
>> guidance looking good. velocity 26,000 feet per second. telemetry and radar tracking both solid. velocity 27,800 feet per second. narrator: through the window of the command module, the earth gently slipped away. >> apollo 11, this is houston. thrust is good. everything is still looking good. >> 29,000 feet per second, building up toward 30,000 feet per second. >> apollo 11, this is houston. around three and a half minutes, we are still looking good. your predicted cut off is right on the nominal. narrator: deep space tracking antennas a third of a world apart listened to apollo and spoke to apollo. as the earth turned, at least one of them would have contact with apollo at all times except when it passed behind the moon. >> 34,000 feet per second now, altitude 152.
>> 35,000 feet per second. cut off. we're showing velocity 35,570 feet per second. altitude 177 nautical miles. at three hours, 11 minutes into the mission, distance from earth, 3140 nautical miles. the s-ivb is reported in a stable attitude for the separation. >> apollo 11, this is houston. you are go for separation. >> ok. pyro b coming armed. my intent is to use bottle primary one, as per the checklist. therefore, i just turned a on. >> roger, we concur with the logic. >> we are awaiting confirmation of separation. >> roger.
>> we confirm the separation here on the ground. >> apollo 11, this is houston. radio check, over. >> the goldstone station reports a very weak signal. we believe that mike collins is now maneuvering the spacecraft in the transposition and docking maneuver, and the antenna patterns aren't too good at the moment, so we have a weak signal strength. narrator: the command service module separated and turned around to dock with eagle, the lunar module. >> apollo 11, this is houston. how do you read? apollo 11, this is houston. radio check, over.
>> roger, we are copying you about five by two, very weak. can you give us a status report, please? >> that was neil. how are you reading mike? >> loud and clear now, mike. we understand you are docked. >> that's affirmative. >> apollo 11, houston. we recommend you accept the noun 49, continue through your sequence of sightings, and then we will analyze the data afterwards. over. >> ok. narrator: on board was a fourth brain, a small computer called dsky which solved problems and helped with the long sequence of systems checks and data exchange with earth. >> houston, apollo 11. star 40 just disappeared now in the sextant. could the trunnion angle 47 something be a little higher? >> standby. >> hello, apollo 11, houston.
we would like you to press on to star 44, over. roger. narrator: they found their way across the sea of space, navigating by the same stars that guided columbus to shores unknown. >> 11, houston. we copy. two good marks, over. >> ok. >> drogue removal is coming next. narrator: three days falling to the moon, free of the gravity of earth, no up or down, no day or night, a sense of stillness while traveling at the speed of a meteor. >> about how long it will be before you start closing the lm -- the lem backup, over? narrator: an invisible speck in the night, somewhere between here and there, constantly monitored from earth. within this tiny spacecraft, a
temporary earth environment, warmth, air, food, water, everything necessary to sustain life. beyond these fragile walls, nothingness, absolute cold, an end to life. the most important function of the spacecraft, life, was also monitored constantly. -- thed -- the hard beat breathing was thousand feet farther from earth, should one heart flutter, it would at once be a matter of concern to millions worlds away. unlike any other place man had traveled before, space could provide him with nothing. it is a vacuum, devoid of every element needed for life. to send man into this nothingness, to protect him, it
was first necessary to define him. what is the human machine? how does it function? what is the nature of its nervous system? its respiration? its circulation, digestion, sight, hearing, balance? its endurance? what gases to breathe should he take with him from earth? what atmospheric pressure suits him best? is it possible to give him a more efficient atmosphere for space travel than nature provides on earth?
narrator: we were defining the physical man in absolute terms. once we knew man's limitations, we could build him an artificial environment for space travel. columbia, the command module, was the supreme achievement of the technology of its age. it was a mini planet, complete with its own environmental control system,
telecommunications, electrical power, guidance, navigation, stabilization, propulsion, reaction control. it provided hot and cold water and removed carbon dioxide from the air. three men could live here for more than a week, eat, work, sleep, shave, exercise, and listen to music. it was micrometeor proof, burn proof, and seaworthy. and it could tilt itself in any direction. in short, it was the most intricate and sophisticated machine ever made by man. as for man, however, we are stuck with the original model. all we could do is add an outer layer of things he does not naturally have. space medicine showed us where man is vulnerable, and we learned to compensate for most of the weaknesses with technology and careful workmanship.
>> i made boxing gloves before i came here. the fact is, i was an experienced sewer, but i had to learn all over again because it was completely different from what i had sewed before. this was getting right down to a 64th of an inch, and where i had sewed before, you just sewed on a production line. this here is quality more than quantity. >> we always think our job is the hardest. whatever we are doing, we've got the hardest job. and they say, do so and so, and you will find that job is as hard as yours. and a lot of times we are sewing, or making things, and maybe the girl next to you, she's doing the same thing, but we never see the suit put together. we don't know where this part goes or the other one doesn't know where the other part goes.
like the gloves, if they would give you a glove to sew, you wouldn't know where to start. >> when they are up there in space, you know what parts you've worked on, and you say, i hope that part don't fail because i'd feel it was my fault if it did. >> i wondered if my pair of gloves is what he had on. >> you make a mistake and if you don't admit it, you have to think about the astronauts too. if you make a needle hole in the bladder or something like that, when you don't admit that, that would be on your conscience all the time, seems to me. >> i remember armstrong and all them used to come in and they would look around and see what we were doing. once in a while, they'd talk to us and we'd get them to sign their autograph. some of them were real comical and we got a kick out of them. we all wanted to talk to them again. one of them going the aisle and everybody looked at him, looked at him, afraid to talk, and i said, "hi, buddy." >> i would love to go in space.
i think it would be thrilling to get in there and blast off. >> i would love to go to space and just live there. >> every day, you get up, you go to work, you go home, you clean house. up there, there is no house, no kids, no problem. >> i like to ride in an airplane. i think i would like to go in space. i would wear our own suit that we make. i think i could depend on it. ♪
narrator: after body electrodes have been attached to monitor heartbeat and breathing, the first items of clothing are the watercooled underwear and a urine collector. a spacesuit is basically a sealed bag of atmosphere, a stiffened balloon pumped up to counteract the vacuum of space. it might be called a one-man spaceship of the smallest possible dimensions. the pressure suit has to guard against extreme temperatures, hard radiation from the sun, and tiny meteorites, yet it must have the flexibility to allow man to function as he would in his natural earth environment. ♪
narrator: no up or down, no day or night, only the slow creeping of the harsh sunlight through the windows as the spacecraft rotates to keep from getting too hot on one side, too cold on the other. ♪ narrator: they carried with them the biological day of the earthling, three meals, a snack or two, eight hours of sleep. time to work, time to relax, time to reflect. three days falling upward to the moon. look down, look down. that fragile bubble of life floats on a sea of nothing. spaceship earth.
noun 44 is n.a. delta vt is 00197 003 00152. >> apollo 11, this is houston. i've got the morning news here if you are interested, over. >> yeah, we sure are. we are ready to copy and comment. >> ok. first off, it looks like it's going to be impossible to get away from the fact that you guys are dominating all the news back here on earth. even "pravda" in russia is headlining the mission and calls neil the czar of the ship. i think maybe they got the wrong mission.
>> among the large headlines concerning apollo this morning is one asking that you watch for a lovely girl with a big rabbit. >> hello there, earthlings. >> hello there. >> an ancient legend says a beautiful chinese girl called chang-o has been living there for 4000 years. it seems she was banished to the moon because she stole the pill of immortality from her husband. you might also look for her companion, a large chinese rabbit who is easy to spot as he is always standing on his hind feet in the shade of a cinnamon tree. the name of the rabbit is not reported. >> ok. we'll keep a close eye out for the bunny girl. >> and in corby, england, an irishman, john coyle, has won the world porridge eating championship by consuming 23 bowls of instant oatmeal in a 10
minute time limit from a field of 35 other competitors, over. >> i'd like to enter aldrin in the oatmeal eating contest next time. he's on his 19th bowl. back here in houston, the rains continue. here, ing news around the knife inning at cincinnati the reds. >> president nixon is running to use his executive power to streamline his commission. >> we welcome local residents.
backedsenate unanimously the environmental policy act to make the safeguarding of a physical environment. >> astronauts are not the only explorers in the news. awaits the arrival of sharon adams, see here leaving couples. they plan to marry at the moment armstrong plans to set foot. >> 814 men of the third --talion >> ,ock out in northern ireland's and celebration marking the 297th anniversary of the battle of coin. protests took place at harvard last spring.
10,000 harvard students being held at party headquarters. quakers gathered to continue the silent vigil against the arrest in new york. poverty workers out of charleston west virginia are taking information about birth control into the mountains of appalachia. a toys through children of all ages at the eve of apollo. young girls train for battle as skirmishes rock out in retaliation to israel he results. >> from the u.s. defense department, 1.5 million. [indiscernible]
apollo when its orbit around the moon. the journey that had taken a lifetime of mankind was nearing its crucial moment. , the index mark is the same. >> roger, we copy. lunar module eagle check out the functioning of all totems as strong prepares seal themselves off and for the two craft to pull apart. to come at 3, 4, 5, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1. controllers going for
right., drifting to the ok, engine stops. >> we copy, eagle. , the eagle has landed. >> this is apollo control houston at 105 hours down at the flight of apollo 11. there are current plans to have members aboard the eagle to eat and relax a little out prior to starting prep. certaintyt know with until an hour before.
[speaking foreign language] >> in the world weight. july 20, 1969. it is said 500 million people gathered around the world to wait at the first earthling to set for -- put on the moon. cap us more listens on the radio to the voices on the moon. >> visit houston, loud and clear. >> never before had so many people attuned to one event at
-- purple rocks. sparkly fragments. >> i am going to change. >> roger. you are going to fast. you have to stop. >> i have not said it down yet. that is the first picture in the panorama. i will move it. tell me if you have a picture, houston. >> we have a beautiful picture, neil. >> ok, you got that one. here is another good one. >> for a final orientation, we
would like it to come left five degrees over. >> ok. >> it looks good. buzz is erecting the solar wind experiment now. precious minute of their 2.5 hours on the surface was soilammed, locked in samples to be collected, photographs taken, experiments set to catch unfiltered particles from the sun to the quakes to measure precisely by laser beam reflects in the exact distance between menander. -- moon and earth. >> columbia, this is houston. over. progressing beautifully. they are setting up the flag now. only persone the
around that does not have tv coverage of the scene. the flag up now. you can see the stars and stripes. >> beautiful, just beautiful. >> oh, it is beautiful. it really is. i would like to evaluate the spaces on the surface. you do have to be careful to keep track of where your mass is. time to take two or three spaces to make sure that you have your feet underneath you. >> 2, 3, maybe four paces, very smooth.
you have to put out to the side a bit. it is a kangaroo hop. your forward ability is not quite as good. .t gets rather tiring >> we have nearly an inch deep but the soil is very clean. it is 70 degrees on one side. buzz is making his way around the photograph from various angles, looking at its condition on all sides.
it almost looks wet. >> buzz, this is houston. you have 10 minutes left. prior to commencing your termination activities, over. >> roger, i understand. person on the moon. >> i cannot get over it. >> i do not know how to put it. it is a miracle. >> we are thrilled. >> for every american, this has to be the proudest day of our lives and for people over the world. >> it is great. and closeng out of it to the moon makes us realize we are all human beings together. >> i hope this brings unity among all countries. i think they wasted a lot of
money that could be used for something else. they holler about people being starvation. it is a pity they have not something else to do. what if columbus decided he could not get the money from isabella? he put it in the sky for a purpose. he did not put it for people to come from her. secrets thaten all are opening to us around the ages. >> i think the dream of the man from the beginning of the human race is coming now. >> alone, 45 miles above the moon's surface, michael collins
completed in orbit every two hours. he listened to the progress of the moon walk in the wake of the moment where his companions on the surface would lift off to rendezvous with him. 30 times he saw the earth rise over the horizon of the moon. 12,000 miles of twilight. day for 3ght from billion people on space earth. it is good to see the whole whole.to see the earth
locked within these rocks were secrets of the ages to be studied and deciphered by the scientists of earth. moon.e of the the age of the sun. how the moon was formed. how life began. was there ever life on the moon? was the moon once molten info can it or has it always been cold and dead? was it once part of the earth? was that a wandering planets, captured by the earth eons ago?
adrift. columbia fired out a lunar orbit to begin its three-day fall back wasarth, where the recovery waiting for its splashdown in the pacific. ♪ >> apollo 11 houston, with a little recovery information over. roger, the hornets is on the station just far enough off the target point to keep from getting hit. recovery one. >> the president of the united
states was aboard. earth'sinto the invisible atmosphere carries with it one of the most critical moments. traveling nearly 25,000 miles per hour, the module can miss the reentry by several degrees and disintegrate into flames or bounce off in the space. >> velocity 32,000 the percent that. second.eet per 36,000 feet per second. reentry time. there is blackout.
narrator: what was it we were really celebrating? three men who had done what no one before had done? a technological feat that was believed beyond the realm of possibility? the fulfillment of an age old dream? were we celebrating simply because it had been a long time since we had anything to celebrate? or was this something that touched an irrational, unthinking instinct in us all? ♪ [parade music]
elements brought it into existence? what is the relationship between the nonliving and living things? how delicate is the balance? man slowly begins to realize how fragile is this bubble of life. ♪ narrator: ours is one sun in a sea of suns more plentiful than all of the grains of sand on all of the shores of all of the seas of planet earth.