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tv   National History Day - Alice Paul The Fight for the 19th Amendment  CSPAN  August 25, 2019 3:45pm-4:01pm EDT

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declassify indication -- declassify indication procedure -- i'm sure the c.i.a. not only did the j. tpfplt kfpltf.k. assassination but is controlling lunch. it seems like an additional cost and if you're disgruntled with what you consider loose and unfair accusations of distrust and deep state join the cause to get the government to release records and declassify them because that is how we can disprove claims and prove some. any final thoughts? all rightment thank you for joining us -- all right. thank you for joining us. [captioning performed by national captioning institute] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2019] >> american history tv is on social media. follow us at c-span history.
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>> the theme for the 2019 national history day competition was triumph and tragedy. over 500,000 students took part with 3,000 advancing to the finals in june at the university of maryland in college park. up next four seventh grade students from the phelps center for gifted education in springfield, missouri presented alice paul the fight for the 19 amendment. >> hello. we are doing a performance title alice paul who died for the 19th amendment. ♪ ♪ ♪
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>> alice paul an activist and fighter for equal rights helped in the triumph of women being able to vote despite injustice treatment she fought for women's rights. they continued to fight. lucy burns was another one in the women's rights movement. >> they founded the national women's part in 1913 and participated in many women's contests about rights. >> this event and many others thought women should vote. women participants was
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established and on january 18 1885. they are parents were there and she had two brothers. she grew up being a strong leader and in 1901 she went to a co-ed college. her mother had her do graduate work and in 1906 she started the suffrage movement. they joined that and said men and women were equal. she was arrested several times and she and other activists were beaten and harassed. they worked together and it started it london.
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however, the station was full of suffer ra -- suffragettes. >> let me go. >> why don't you stand there. >> are you american? >> yes i'm from brooklyn. >> this is unbelievable. two americans in the same london station fighting for equal rights. >> i'm alice paul. >> lucy burns. >> have you been hear before? >> no, my first time. >> don't worry. they won't keep me in long. once i'm out i won't stop. it makes me more determined. >> with that attitude no
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american will get along. >> something that bothers me is they make us prisoners. the nerve of them. >> alice paul and lucy burns became chose friends. after one mission they were both in jail. >> i have aen idea. -- i have an idea. a hunger strike. >> why? >> to prove they can't keep us down as political prisoners we should stop eating. >> do you think a hunger strike will work? >> i think so. >> and it did. they were able to leave more than a week earlier from the sentence and many followed the hupbgng er strike. what is important you might ask but in an interview with a reporter alice paul said it sis
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in injustice and would it be pushed down. they did it not only in england but america. even when activists did that they continued to use hunger strikes as a task particular and it caused others to fight for the 19th amendment. in time she continued her education and continued the education at university of pennsylvania and kept fighting or freedom. she got her ph.d. and discovered other women's who fought for women's rights in england. together they fought for the 19th amendment.
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look at this familiar let -- pamphlet. it is a corporation? we want a dream for women. now susan b. anthony and we don't have nearly enough. >> that's it. >> what's it? >> we have the american suffrage so, and congressional committee. what if we could have a larger part? think of it. congressional union. that could work. we could do it. >> that was 1913. by 1915 the congressional union changed its name it women's party and 1917 national american women's suffrage association and
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they joined to form the national women's party. they did many things to get the 19th amendment passed. there were those that with protest. it was in 1917 we the first protests occurred and they protested quietly pushing the president to give support of the amendment. 500 out of 2,000 activists were tan to james and -- taken to jail and some were force fed because of hunger strikes. but there were reports in the newspapers. >> lucy, look at this. november 9, 1917 the former chief of bureau of chemistry and commissioner kent called upon the superintendent and demand for which is striking and six
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other prisoners spoke to a report in the face of me. this is amazing. you can't believe the president will deliver this. he is talking about you. >> it was not long before the 19th amendment was ratified. >> this is our success. right? >> not quite. it continues to argue equal rights and even came up with another amendment. the e.r.a. did not work because it frswas three states shy of being ratified. people are still follow our example and fighting for the congressman rights amendment.
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alice paul stated i feel that it is part of the mosaic each of us do you get a great mosaic. she died december of 1956 and in alice paul july of 1977. they they did more to the movement today and it was beautiful. alice paul pushed through tragedy as a suffrage activist to get the right to vote to get to society we have today. ♪
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[applause] >> how did you pick this topic? >> we were going through the missouri compromise but when we started saying -- we knew we wanted to do a performance and we were trying to find important things about characters to portray but we didn't come it many that could be done in 10 minutes so we looked for female center topic for all girls and we came across women's suffrage and we didn't learn about this inside elementary school. it is alice paul. so we decided to amazon zone in on
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alice paul and the 19th management. >> what is the process making it 10 minutes long? how did you do that? >> it was originally eight minutes and the script was a bit foggy and not skiesconcise. then after regionals we added more information and make it more personable and more fun for us. not just spewing out facts. >> so, why is it important for people your age to learn about alice paul and the suffrage movement? >> because we in school we didn't learn about it and this is woman voting. we wouldn't have near the same country if we didn't have the women's vote and it is great for women's raoeupts and other rights. ghandied a martin luther king
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jr. were impacted by the women's suffrage movement and we will not have many as equal rights as we have today. >> how did uyou decide on the costumes? >> actually, it is a very good question. her costume was her great-great grandmothers. >> we were going through a lot of things and i wonder if my grandparents would have anything from the suffrage movement. my grandmother said i have this which was your great grandmother's cousin and a coat that was your great grandmothers so if this works. it is about 100 years old. >> well, thank you all very much for taking your time. >> thank you. >> this weekend on american history tv today at 6:00 american artifacts takes you to
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the srafpltvirginia museum of history on african-american history from reconstruction through civil rights. explore our past on american history tv on c-span 3. >> in 1979 a new york opened the doors to policy making brings you unfiltered content from congress and beyond. a lot has changed but that big idea is bigger than ever on television and online c-span is your unfiltered view of government so you can make up your own mind. >> in about 10 minutes on real america a 2 minute u.s. agriculture department from 1939 titled the negro
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first, we talked seascape with newcastle university literature and film scholar hannah durkin who recently published her research findings about a woman named redoshi who she argues was the last known survivor of the transatlantic slave trade, referred to as sally smith in the film, redoshi briefly appears in the negro farmer. >> thanks for being with us on c-span 3's american history tv and let me begin with that question. who was redoshi? >> well, redoshi was a west african born women who very sadly was kidnapped in 1860 and is believed to be the last as far as we can tell the last survivor of the transatlantic slave trade. it's believed that she was yoruba, she was kidnapped in a slave raid. possibly as young as 12 years old and she was taken. >> in the film which we are about to see, just a brief

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