tv Crazy Horse Memorial CSPAN October 13, 2019 11:51pm-12:01am EDT
inevitably go up. >> explore our nation's past on american history tv every weekend on c-span 3. >> our visit to rapid city, south dakota, continues as we take you into the black hills to hear about crazy horse. [chanting] >> in the black hills, i believe, at one time or another, there is a piece of the rest of the world here somewhere. it's kind of a mysterious place. there is a lot of good energy here. safe ande feels mystical worthwhile, and
important. [applause] >> all right. this ride is one that many of our guests can see the bottom of the mountain to get the idea of how big the mountain is. announcer: the carving was started in the late 1940's. today, the work is carried on by daughters. >> we have been able to get the -- it'll pieces at a time. mounting -- the mountain carving has been going on since
june 3, 1948. based that off of a description of those survivors. we are right in the middle of the black hills, which is all of the black hills considered sacred people. -- the people. this is where they came to hunt for food. this is a place where they came to pray. very private things have been -- happen here for them. they still do, just in different ways, more modern ways, but when dad got that letter in 1939 inviting him to start the mountain carving, dad decided to come out and go to pine ridge reservation. when he did, he realized he didn't know much about the native culture, so he was very inquisitive and looked at things differently, more deeply than most people do. he thought these are such poor
conditions and this is not how we should treat these people. they should be honored. he took on the job of carving the mountain. he and standing bear went to look at mountains all around. dad did not want to work it on mount rushmore. it didn't work out. when artists get together, they don't always work out. dad also won first prize in the new york world's fair and the newspaper talked about that. henry got all of those things together and wrote to dad, and that is how it started. inviting dad to the black hills to carve memorial so the white man would know that the red man has freedom also. >> they say crazy horse was born of [indiscernible] in our language they say [speaking foreign-language] -- he was born along the fast-moving water.
whenever he was going to be born, they set up a tipi away from the main camp, and as the mother was giving birth, the father was outside. the mother's helpers, after the baby was born, they brought the baby out to the father. the father reviewed the baby and he faces west and he says -- [speaking foreign-language] -- grandfather, thank you for for -- thank you very much for my son. you gave me a son and i say thank you very much. >> crazy horse was a very mysterious individual, kept to himself a lot. he put the people before himself, so he cared much more about his surroundings and the group he was to take care of more than his own comfort.
>> take us to today. what is going on today when you came to work and what will you be working on? >> i live here, so i'm always at work, but as far as the mountain is concerned, right now, we are drilling holes at angles up on the forearm of crazy horse in order for us to slide our -- thread our wire for the wire saw so we can continue to make those angled cuts all the way down crazy horse's arm. we are also making another sawcut on his finger where the knuckle area is. the next seven to 12 years, we will have his hand carved. the hairline of crazy horse carved will be about down to the right shoulder and parts of the horse's mane. >> one of the issues people had
with this memorial is that it is taking the native geology of the land, the rock up there and changing it to something that the creator -- something that wasn't there before. what are your thoughts on that? >> the creator created human beings to do things. that is one thing. dad wanted to carve the mountain in montana, not in the black hills, but it was the indian people that said you have to carve it in the black hills. he was invited here by the native american people to carve a mountain in the black hills. but, what is really important is you are telling a story about a race of people, and part of the story we are telling, we are telling the history of the native american people. we are telling the future of native american people. present day we have lots of , performers and artists that
come here and share their knowledge and experiences and lives with our guests, visitors. if you have knowledge, you have everything you need. >> as crazy horse became this young warrior, this young mighty warrior, how he stood for the people, how he tried to walk in harmony with all of creation, he looked up to the little children, handicapped, elderly, the women folks, they were always first with crazy horse. he looked out for the whole people. >> the biggest challenge is it is not the money like most people think. the biggest challenges -- challenge is understanding the mountain and knowing where and making sure we keep that safe. that is the biggest challenge. the other challenge is to get people to understand it is something that is growing all of the time. we have people that disagree with us on this and we know that. it is america, so you can disagree.
we try to explain what else is here, like the universities, museum, those things, and then museum, those things, and then they become a little enlightened and it's not just a desecration of a mountain like some people will tell us. there is a purpose behind it. dad always said the mountain was the smallest thing that would be here, that it would be the university and museums that make the most difference for the native american people. [chanting] >> this land we stand on doesn't belong to any man. it belongs to creator. we are still here. we could come together. we can build positive bridges no matter what color our skin. that way our future generations , will haven something positive to live for in their life.
traveledaff recently to rapid city, south dakota, to learn about its rich history. to watch more video, visit c-span.org/citiesto all weekend every weekend on c-span3. announcer: next on the presidency, rebecca vaughn talks about her father rufus youngblood in the 20 years he served as a secret service agent during the administrations of harry truman, dwight eisenhower, john f. kennedy, lyndon b. johnson and richard nixon. among the stories she tells is her father's actions on november 22, 1963 when he was protecting vice president johnson and jfk's dallas motorcade. the jimmy carter presidential library and museum hosted this event. >> good evening. i'm tony clark from the carter library. re