tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN December 5, 2013 6:00am-7:01am EST
and it is these numbers -- not the ones in any poll -- that will ultimately determine the fate of this law. [applause] it's the measurable outcomes in reduced bankruptcies and reduced hours that have been lost because somebody couldn't make it to work, and healthier kids with better performance in schools, and young entrepreneurs who have the freedom to go out there and try a new idea -- those are the things that will ultimately reduce a major source of inequality and help ensure more americans get the start that they need to succeed in the future. i have acknowledged more than once that we didn't roll out parts of this law as well as we should have. but the law is already working in major ways that benefit millions of americans right now, even as we've begun to slow the rise in health care costs, which is good for family budgets, good for federal and state budgets, and good for the budgets of businesses small and large.
so this law is going to work. and for the sake of our economic security, it needs to work. [applause] and as people in states as different as california and kentucky sign up every single day for health insurance, signing up in droves, they're proving they want that economic security. if the senate republican leader still thinks he is going to be able to repeal this someday, he might want to check with the more than 60,000 people in his home state who are already set to finally have coverage that frees them from the fear of financial ruin, and lets them afford to take their kids to see
a doctor. [applause] so let me end by addressing the elephant in the room here, which is the seeming inability to get anything done in washington these days. i realize we are not going to resolve all of our political debates over the best ways to reduce inequality and increase upward mobility this year, or next year, or in the next five years. but it is important that we have a serious debate about these issues. for the longer that current trends are allowed to continue, the more it will feed the cynicism and fear that many americans are feeling right now that they'll never be able to repay the debt they took on to go to college, they'll never be able to save enough to retire, they'll never see their own children land a good job that supports a family. and that's why, even as i will keep on offering my own ideas for expanding opportunity, i'll also keep challenging and
welcoming those who oppose my ideas to offer their own. if republicans have concrete plans that will actually reduce inequality, build the middle class, provide more ladders of opportunity to the poor, let's hear them. i want to know what they are. if you don't think we should raise the minimum wage, let's hear your idea to increase people's earnings. if you don't think every child should have access to preschool, tell us what you'd do differently to give them a better shot. if you still don't like obamacare -- and i know you don't -- [laughter] -- even though it's built on market-based ideas of choice and competition in the private sector, then you should explain how, exactly, you'd cut costs, and cover more people, and make insurance more secure. you owe it to the american people to tell us what you are for, not just what you're against. [applause]
that way we can have a vigorous and meaningful debate. that's what the american people deserve. that's what the times demand. it's not enough anymore to just say we should just get our government out of the way and let the unfettered market take care of it -- for our experience tells us that's just not true. [applause] look, i've never believed that government can solve every problem or should -- and neither do you. we know that ultimately our strength is grounded in our people -- individuals out there, striving, working, making things happen. it depends on community, a rich and generous sense of community that's at the core of what happens at thearc here every day.
you understand that turning back rising inequality and expanding opportunity requires parents taking responsibility for their kids, kids taking responsibility to work hard. it requires religious leaders who mobilize their congregations to rebuild neighborhoods block by block, requires civic organizations that can help train the unemployed, link them with businesses for the jobs of the future. it requires companies and ceos to set an example by providing decent wages, and salaries, and benefits for their workers, and a shot for somebody who is down on his or her luck. we know that's our strength -- our people, our communities, our
businesses. but government can't stand on the sidelines in our efforts. because government is us. it can and should reflect our deepest values and commitments. and if we refocus our energies on building an economy that grows for everybody, and gives every child in this country a fair chance at success, then i remain confident that the future still looks brighter than the past, and that the best days for this country we love are still ahead. [applause] thank you, everybody. god bless you. god bless america. [applause] [captioning performed by national captioning institute] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2013] >> house speaker john boehner criticized democrats and president obama yesterday for failing to pass legislation to create jobs and grow the economy. here is what he said on the house floor. the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: the
gentleman is recognized for one minute. the speaker: mr. speaker, the american people work hard and they've got a right to expect their elected representatives to do the same. house republicans are listening. to date the house has passed nearly 150 bills this congress that the united states senate has failed to act on. many of them would help our economy and boost job creation. nearly 150 bills passed by this house yet to be acted on by the senate. these bills would do things like increase the supply of american energy and build the keystone pipeline, roll back red tape and unnecessary regulations, provide more flexibility to working families, reform and improve job trake programs, protect -- training programs, protect americans from cyberattacks, help schools recruit and keep the best teachers, allow the american people to keep the health care plans that they'd like or to scrap the health care law that's wreaking havoc
on our economy. every single one of these bills have been blocked by washington democrats. the senate, the president continue to stand in the way of the people's priorities. now we're trying to come to an agreement on the budget and on the farm bill. amongst other issues that are in conference. chairman ryan and chairman lucas have made serious good-faith efforts to senate democrats. when will they learn to say yes to common ground? >> c-span, we bring public affairs events from washington directly to you. white house events, briefings, conferences, offering complete a gavel coverage of the u.s. house , all as a public service of private industry. we are c-span, created by the public -- cable tv industry 34 years ago. now you can watch us in hd.
few moments, a discussion of the role of knowing -- women in congress. is liveington journal at 7:00 eastern and will focus on the farm bill and the possibility of a budget deal. several live events to tell you about this morning. treasury secretary jack lew will be at the pew charitable trust to discuss financial reform. also on c-span 2 at 9:30 a.m., anders of the house energy commerce subcommittee will hear from regulatory commissioners. at 10:30 a.m. eastern on c-span 3, we cover a democratic steering committee meeting on unemployment benefits set to expire at the end of the month.
8, betty ford knew she wanted to do something with dance. she put on skits and plays. to vermont where she studied at the school of dance. these are some of her note cards where she kept notes. this is her organizer during this time. she carried this with her to vermont, to grand rapids, off to new york thomas where she andied with martha graham then back to grand rapids. you will find a whole host of things you would find in just about any organizer. there are brochures on dance costumes. one of her sketches of a costume or one of the dance routines she wanted to put on.
here are choreography notes that she made four different dance routines. there is a whole wealth of material in here that talks about her love for dance and how deeply she was involved in it, especially in her early years. >> watch our program on first lady betty ford saturday on c- span@7:00 p.m. eastern. the series continues -- c-span at 7:00 p.m. eastern. >> now a discussion on women in congress. women's careers series. this is about half an hour. >> i am delighted to be joined by my colleague, and a power -- palmer.
the peacemakers, making policy in a polarized government. the democratic congresswoman from hawaii, amy klobuchar, the democratic anator from minnesota, and republican from missouri, and wagner. to not forget to tweet questions womenrule.ts using # thank you for joining us for this conversation. welcome. >> there has been so much talk about how women in the senate get along, bipartisan, have dinners. how well do you know the women in the other chamber who are sitting with you? >> we are really good friends. people talk about the days of olde and how people use to work , our numbers --
we made united states' history when there was finally a traffic jam in the united states senators' women's bathroom. the the shutdown, half of women in the group of 14 actually pushed the leadership .n a deal to resolve that .usan collins started the group it was half republicans, including kelly e out -- kelly i and jeannete shaheen. the trust is genuine. we get together for dinner. we had dinner at my house.
we had a minnesota pot luck dinner. the one before that was senator markowski. we had salmon and froze it and sent it to her. we allow the man to be hunter- gatherers. [laughter] i would like to ask all three congresswomen here, have you seen this spirit that the senator is talking about? we have not heard about it translating to the house as much. has there been an effort to translate it to the other chamber? inwe are certainly having it the freshman class. i am a new member in the 113th district. we had a great dinner with the freshman members. i will not tell you how many bottles of wine we went through. we talked about coming together to get ink done.
women are born networkers. we are multi--- to get things done. there are lots of opportunities for us to come together. that is why i came to congress. i am somewhat discouraged by the level of dysfunction. to the extent that we can be vehicles of change in moving the ball forward, advancing things on behalf of our constituents and the country, that is what we want to be a part of. have been here longer than many of you have even been alive. bipartisanhave these women dinners far more often .uring the years if they are still going on, maybe i am not invited anymore. month and they were really very good.
they were wonderful dinners. discuss whatever legislation we were working on and try to get cosponsors for our bills. we had power groups from our own party. it was hard to get bipartisan support because we were always meeting as political parties. we had more friendship within our own party. these get-togethers were a great opportunity to move our legislation along. they were very helpful. my schedulerk to to make sure i am on that dance card. congresswoman, you are the newest of anybody sitting up here. are there relationships across the aisle that you have been able to build? unique about our class that has just been elected is the recognition in an uncoordinated way that we are here to get ink done in the best
way to do that is to work together. what we found after being here for a few months and coming back from townhall meetings and exchanging stories was that the messages we were delivering back home were exactly the same. even in spite of the dysfunction , in spite of the first ration that was there, the hope that we had for going forward was the enough peoplead of like minds you were interested in building those relationships from the very beginning that have allowed us to do that. on the more fun side, i got to know her during the women's softball game. senator kelly ayotte i out -- ayotte was the emcee during the game.
it was a way to build camaraderie and establish friendships. >> i know all of their rbi's. seriously, more republicans have had issues in terms of some kind of number in congress. you have spent time trying to change that. can you talk about that? to talk aboutd it. there are 19 republican women in congress. he have a conference of 232. it is a failure. absolutely must be addressed. i look out and i see susan molinari and barbara comstock and others i have worked with years.over the we are doing this now. i am heavily involved in a project that the nrcc is
involved in. it is a messaging project talking to that 37-year-old single mother of 2. team isuitment fantastic. of the 40-50 key competitive races we are looking at at the committee right now, over half of them are fielding a woman candidate. we are working with them and doing real recruitment, not just mentoring women who were going to enter the race. going out and finding that teacher, that military vet, that small business owner, that mayor or community leader who is willing to step up and be a part of our process. we are working hard on this along with many of my colleagues and members. it is a true passion of mine. that, thereow-up to has been a lot of talk about republican outreach to women and
how it has gone. i was wondering if you could go into a little more depth about what feedback there is. >> i get so aggravated. we are women. we are not a coalition. we are 54% of the electorate. we rule. the hashtag is right. women rule. we decide a lot of things. we are the ones who are balancing the family and our personal budgets. we are on the front lines of health care. you talk to any health care provider and a will tell you, we are speaking to a daughter or a daughter-in-law. we are putting the gas in the car. we know what it means. toare all involved in this change public policy. we do not do that unless we are in power. we do not win elections unless we step up. and tired of others
politicians across the country making decisions on your behalf every single day. be involved as a voter, as a participant, as an activist, and also as someone who is to run for office. >> if i could just follow-up to get the sense given the partisan divide and the gridlock -- what is the number one issue you hear from women constituents that you would like dealt with differently, that they would like dealt with differently? >> they are all interested in jobs and security and the next generation. i do not believe in women's issues. there are issues that women have a great interest in and are involved in at all levels. it has to do with jobs, the economy, safety, security, the future of our family and our nation. they want to make their lives a little easier.
there are women across america just trying to make those tennis shoes last a little -- last six months longer. we have to make their lives easier and better and more functional. a majority are hispanic and they classify themselves as hispanic on their census forms. even if they have their immigration status approved and they do not have to worry about immigration remains a priority. there is a sense of frustration. pass speaker will legislation's piecemeal. secure thefirst borders. that is what i hear a lot from our and stitch units.
get immigration reform done. that is a priority -- that is what i hear a lot from our constituents. are very much tied together in my district. boom financially a few years ago. now construction is at an all- time low. tourism is still the driving force in south florida. will not be jobs coming back. we are getting a lot of jobs coming from venezuela and other places that are unstable. a sense of insecurity about the economy in south florida. those issues are what is driving the voters. that unites them is discussed at congress. i am glad to be that unifying force. 6% isot know what that
that still approves of us. [laughter] >> immigration reform is something that we have worked on a lot in this congress. you have been one of the key players in the house. do you feel like your role as a woman or as a peacemaker in trying to get an agreement and work across party lines is something you have seen a lot of? aree have leaders that towing the line. there is a lot of bipartisan movement. the press sometimes look at the negative process. we are not moving along. there are a lot of conversations on the sidelines moving the force along. i am optimistic that we can get it done. he are hitting a lot of bumps along the road. it is going to be all right. >> just to follow-up on what
anna said. are there negotiations that you can point to something that you handled differently from your male colleagues? are there things that informed you as you went through this? >> i came to the united states when i was 8. i am a refugee myself. folks who have dealt with refugee and immigrant families see how much it impacts women. male ismes, the mail -- not there. issue.tion is a woman's we have to focus it that way and look at how it impacts domestic violence. if you are an immigrant who does not have papers, you are less likely to tell the police or any law enforcement official that you are being abused or that
your lawyer is not paying you correctly. domestic violence, human trafficking, all of these issues are tied to immigration. definitely, women are gravely impacted iv lack of immigration reform. the lack ofby immigration reform. impact women.sues it is usually the mom and the kids. >> if i can go back to the senator and what you are hearing from your district. >> a lot of what the congresswoman have been saying. the economy is what they care about the most. in my state, the unemployment rate is down to 4.8%. we have a lot of thriving businesses that we are proud of. and we a role in economy have a well-educated workforce. we focus a lot on exports.
the issue for our constituents are about how much things cost. the concern about the cost of gas. the cost of college. concern about the cost of health care. those kinds of issues are what they are focused on right now. the second thing is what was mentioned about the unity on wanting congress to work that are together. they are angry about this gridlock. we are out of the downturn. teens are stabilized and there are things we should be doing like immigration reform. i appreciate your work on that. i am on the judiciary committee and have worked on provisions on the business side of that issue. we are proud of that senate immigration bill. we want to get it done. it frustrate you to be known as the do-nothing congress? senate side, there are some major things we have gotten done. nearly half of our leaders are
women. we have moved ahead on a lot of bills. the shutdown really brought a lot of things to light. this is ridiculous. a are holding us back instead of allowing us to move forward as a country. at is what i hear the most from people in the states. is what i hear the most from people in the states. you cannot ask people are you a democrat or a republican? you just have to work with them together. and you look at the backgrounds of the women in congress, a lot of them have come from those results-oriented fields. victim whatask any their political affiliation was. i just had to get the thing done. at helped us to work together and get these things done.
we are ready to work together on immigration reform. i am hoping we are going to see a new day in the next few months. hawaii to florida and everywhere in between, the issues people are concerned about are the same, whether it is the economy and jobs, making sure we are providing a good education to our kids or making sure we have a sustainable future. the underlying thread from women and constituents as a whole is not understanding why we are not getting things done. finding it somewhat inconceivable when there is so thingsmmonality in the we will like to tackle collectively. able to sit down and look at the differences? great worklot of that is happening that does not make the headlines. there are small groups of members meeting, talking about
democrats and republicans, actually people that represent a broad spectrum of views on policies and politics and how to find solutions and how do we fit this budget deficit issue. how do we deal with the debt ceiling and figuring out that common ground that is there? a lot of the work that we are is creating these partnerships, coming up with solutions, and creating the pressure from within. >> what has been the biggest surprise for you? has there been anything that is -- that has shocked you and that you were not prepared for? >> i had the opportunity to work for one of hawaii's great senators. i work for him between my two
deployments to the middle east. our two senators from hawaii were great leaders, they set a good example. they taught me a lot about building relationships. building relationships that are based on respect and that would stand when the wind was blowing one way or another. of twore great examples best friends. they call each other brothers. they were talking about an issue on the house floor and after they were done, they went up and tried to fist bump each other and missed the first time. they got it on the second or third try. regardless of what happened, they were able to disagree and remain friends. i was surprised when i first came here. i was reaching out to some of my republican friends and i was criticized. you are not supposed to talk to them. what are you doing? are you kidding me? this is what we need the most.
the hopes for having a woman leading senate? how long do you think that will be until it happens and what would make it run smoothly? >> most of us believe the more women we have an leadership, the better we are. there is proof of that with coming close to reaching an agreement on the farm bill. toh barbara boxer working get another bill done. we have susan collins leading the way on social reform. a number of us worked together on the violence against women act. we have worked hard to develop leaders in the senate. i do not know the timing. there are women right now in very important leadership roles. that is including barbara
mikulski, who is our de facto leader. -- gathered the leader of the women of the senate for a vote and she stood up on a couch and she says, get out there, square your shoulders, suit up, put your lipstick on, and get ready for the revolution. there is a lot of experience in the women of the senate that is passed on. we do stand on the shoulders of those that came before us. >> we want to close with a question to all of you. a lot of the series is about women empowerment. can you give the audience an example or advice about how to become their own peacemakers? some kind of message to take into their own as they leave this event today. womenave talked to other
who are thinking about getting and often i am met with the response that i don't know if i am qualified. as each of us looks into our own much uniquelys so qualifying about experiences that we have gone through, ways that we have not recognized where we have had experience leading a group of people or an effort. voices need to be heard more and recognized. it is for -- important for us to recognize that and convey it to others. >> you have to lean in. i put the new wants on it that you should not be afraid of negativity. that is part of the game. you have to have intense
debates. is going to happen. if you do not get involved, you will not be able to change it. one of the best ways to change it is people of opposite parties that may stand in the opposite boxing ring of so many things, that they are willing to say courage is not doing that anymore. courageous standing next to someone you do not agree with -- is standingourage next to someone you do not agree with. the only way you're going to change the nuances by doing it yourself. >> for me, balance. i am trying to find the balance between my professional life, my family life, and finding me time as well. i am still juggling it. whether you are a teller in a bank or a paris stuck, a member
of congress, a member of senate , a member ofta congress, a member of senate. you will find the balance that fits you. it may not be the textbook definition of balance, but if it works for you and your family, that is a great thing. never forget that family is the number one, above everything else you have going on, your relationship with god and your family. analogy, the balance what women job -- juggle is an egg, a bowling ball, and a chainsaw. and then the cell phone rings. that is what our lives are. i don't care what you're doing or who you are. , sayi say to all women yes. step out of your comfort zone.
everyone of you are qualified and able to step into that arena and run for public office. we need you. we need your voice. we need your leadership. we need your common sense. women, multitaskers, communicators. bring people together. we listen. we ask for directions when we are lost. that is us. to getrage all women involved in so many ways. you can have it all, not all at once. i have three great kids. i have drug them across the country and the world. you are al say to me, great role model to your daughter. i say i am a better role model to my son's. they see strong women that are willing to stand up and say ok.
i will take it. i am going to do what is right. it is a joy. the kind of relationship building that we are able to do as a team is important. walking across the aisle, getting things done. i have seen it in many different ways. i will leave you with just, say yes. >> thank you so much for this engaging conversation. [applause] congressional quarterly is reporting that a budget deal is in the works. it would raise discretionary spending caps to around $1 trillion over the next two fiscal years. are ryan and patty murray still divided on the level of spending cuts and revenue in a deal that would replace sequestration in 2014 and 2015.
reports, -- was optimistic that a budget deal would be reached soon. welcome to you. welcome to all of the people who are watching on a live stream. we appreciate it. politicoiate our colleagues who made this possible and google and the tory burch foundation. we love the women rule series. we are honored to have with us, sylvia burwell. worlds intimately. global philanthropy, she worked for the bill and melinda gates foundation. she worked for the walmart foundation.
and she knows government. few people of the that was in the clinton administration for every day, so eight years. [applause] jobs there, including deputy chief of staff to the president. she traveled around the world with him. she was also at treasury. you were traveling with president clinton, you accidentally ran a half marathon. how do you do that? it was during one of the trips. trying to work in exercise was a difficult thing. i decided to go out for a run. i thought i could go out for a run. we were in the countryside in england. it was not marked paths. i ended up going out on some country road and i got lost. i kept looking at my watch because i knew i had to be back
for a meeting. >> the motorcade does not wait for you. wait. it does not i kept running and try to flag down cars to figure out where i needed to go. that is the longest i ever run. it was unintentional. it was not an intentional diff dense -- distance, i like shorter runs. i guess we should get down to business. while we are talking, please tweet us at #womenrule. the president is talking at the center for american progress. he is talking about growing inequality and shrinking economic mobility. what is economic mobility? >> the best way to talk about it is to reflect on my own story which is -- i am a second-
generation immigrant. all of my grandparents came from greece. and iame to this country have had all of the opportunities that i have had. that mobility that his nation affords us, the fact that my grandparents came here as immigrants and i have the opportunity to work with the president and the issues that i have worked on, go to the institutions that i have , participated in the things that i have -- that is the economic mobility that is the hallmark of this nation. no matter where you are born, you can change. i have been fortunate to see it in the two presidents that i have been able to work for. it didn't matter if you were born in hope, arkansas or a number of different places. you could be the leader of our country and you can do anything. you could be a ceo.
is what that economic mobility is about. that is stagnated. that has changed in our country. it has changed over a number of decades. it is a serious issue for us. that is why the president is highlighting it today. it is what keeps us strong. it is what keeps us innovative and brings new and fresh blood and change and ideas. it is a part of what is a strength of our nation economically. going to spends time speaking about why that is happening and looking forward to the things we can do and growth in the important -- growth in the economy is one of the most important things we can do. that is what he will be speaking about today. ,e will focus on education minimum wage, health care. the people without health care today are working people. they are raising families.
whatconstrain -- that is the affordable health care is about. the constraint holds our economy back. it seemed like charlie brown and the football, but our reporters tell us that there is going to be a budget deal this time. [laughter] ryan, patty murray -- they are going to reach some sort of small deal so that reporters and lawmakers in budget directors are not working on new year's eve again. have you been briefed on the murray-ryan conversations? we submit a budget and then they act -- and then congress acts on it. we are excited and happy to be
at this point. we are supportive of the process. what the administration can best do to get the ball over the line is be supportive of the process. the supportive of the effort that ms. mari and mr. ryan are doing -- mr. murray -- ms. mu rray and mr. ryan are doing. that is what we're doing. the entire process began before i came back to the office of management and budget. being specifics are worked out. it is pretty clear the gist of this deal. we're going to set some spending so we can have regular order, to change some of the sequester , and no big, new taxes.
no big changes in entitlements. --s that just sound like does that gist semi-something the president can work with? >> you need to see the specifics. the democrats are pretty unified in terms of the things that are most important. one of the most important things , which will be a framing concept of what you accept, we of the at this stage economic recovery, we are recovering. we are getting there. we want to have this agreement be a part of what can further support economic growth and job creation. sequester, replace which are cuts to discretionary , replace that with longer-term issues. we maintain deficit reduction in
, but for right now, what we need now is a little more that. that is one of the most important parameters. >> one of your most important priorities is -- >> replacement of the sequester. cuts across the board. the sequester was a tool that was put in lace -- it was a threat. -- put in place. it was a threat. we are in a situation where both republicans and democrats -- no way tobelieve is government, deep across-the- board cuts. those cuts do things like, 56,000 children were cut off of head start last year because of the sequester. on the military side, our in our troops dropped to some of the lowest levels we have seen during the summer and early fall period.
is what happens when you do these across-the-board cuts. >> hal -- are you optimistic about a budget deal? >> i am. i worked with people who are optimistic. that is a phrase that has sometimes been used to describe bill gates. i am optimistic. i am optimistic that we can get there. i am cautiously optimistic because having been in the washington, d.c. for six months now, i have seen things get close and not happen. given the corrosive process in what we have seen, how could you be optimistic? [laughter] believe the
substance of this is important. people believe we need to contribute to economic growth, job creation. our unemployment rate does not need to be where it is. when push comes to shove, people are going to understand that the substance of this is quite important. been somethere have lessons from what happens with the shutdown. government does do things that people think are important. that is not a way to run a railroad. i hope people will see that we will come to an agreed-upon solution. there will not be everything that we want in every solution. >> which side you think will gain more from the shutdown? i think a couple of things
were learned from the shutdown. one of the only positive things was that people discovered the government does things that are important. whether it is the economy, or people not getting into nih trials. people who have diseases not getting into those trials. month, the small business administration does $1 billion worth of loans and guarantees for small businesses. many of those are women-owned businesses. across-the-board, whether it was those things or how we take care of our troops' families if they pass. lesson. a i am hopeful people learn that is not a way. the idea that you will hold a government hostage to another i am hopefulthing people learned as a lesson.
>> when you are president of the walmart foundation, one of your initiatives was women's economic empowerment. what is the most important thing you accomplished? an initiative that had been announced. it had different elements to it. walmart foundation for a limited period of time, about 15 months. --launched an effort sourcing from women-owned businesses. the company committed to sourcing $20 billion from women- owned businesses. that is a tremendous amount of business that will go to women- owned businesses. putting in place the process to get that done, would be the
biggest thing. walmart.com on the website, empowering women together. and go go to the website to that part of the site and find products that are produced by women with some of their stories. those women have the access to two things walmart has to offer. customer base and our buyers. many of these women-owned businesses are small businesses. the buyers at walmart are experienced in retail and will tell you that your dress, the colors that will be in this year will be this, come back with that in we will get it on our site. >> you are the first ceo and president of the global development fund. you learned a lot about africa. there is a piece called africa:
why philanthropy failed. works in africa? what does there need to be more of them less of? >> some of the efforts around notand philanthropy have been successful. when you look at what has happened in terms of the questions of childhood mortality under five and those numbers, those numbers from 1962 now have been cut by 80%. even when you have a continent like africa, and india in terms of where you have large concentrations of the poor. how you approach what problem you're trying to solve -- when you're going to do giving, thinking through, what is the problem i am trying to solve. what is the solution space?
what are the solutions? what would i be good at? the gates foundation focuses on research. there are governments that focus on delivery. inking through the intersection of those circles as you start what you're going to work on. -- thinking through the intersection of those circles as start what you are going to work on. there is much in the piece that i do not agree with, but a piece that i do agree with is the idea that you need to hear from your customers, your client. that is a part of how you get to the right solution. solutions where you are just saying, i worked on creating toilet 2.0 because there are 2 billion people without proper sanitation. doing --d and
understand and engage the people you are working with. your eye on sustainability and scale. the long-term game. when you think about an effort that you are doing, if you want your effort to be limited, that is fine. if you're thinking about something that is going to spread, you should design it with the idea in mind of how well i scaled it and how will it be sustained. job, you have a day adopted a child. my sister and her husband adopted a child from ethiopia and they are adopting more. for someone device who is thinking about adopting? get ready for a journey. that is what it is. it is a journey. understanding it is a journey and making that part of the joy of the child is an important thing.
two, make sure it is a process where you learn about yourself. that is an important process. , you do about yourself in the adoption process and the parenting process. go ahead and stop it -- start it as part of the adoption process. read a lot. listen to your heart. and think analytically. the truth of the matter is, in terms of your decisions, go with your heart. you are a member of the president's senior staff. .ou have a four-year-old how about some tips. >> i have a fabulous husband. , who after myney first maternity leave, stays home with the children. the second thing is, i have a terrific team at omb.
the third thing is set your parameters. everyone knows that is one of the things i did when i started this job. -- you very high bar will not see me leave at the i will not see my children. when you set your parameters and set with -- and stick with them, that makes it work. >> you climbed mount kilimanjaro. would you do that again? that i would do mount kilimanjaro again. i think i would try rainier, which is technical liming. -- climbing. rainier is a mountain that one of my colleagues has done a number of times where you have to rope up. >> you do the billy goat trail.
>> yes, my six and four-year- olds go hike in the great falls. be able toposed to hike your age. for my six-year-old, that would be traumatic. >> i am trying to shoot my age in golf. i didn't know about this hike thing. >> enjoy hiking with the children. >> thank you, all of you who are watching. one thing google and the tory burch foundation for making this possible. thank you for a fantastic conversation. >> happy to be here. [applause] >> several live events to tell you about this morning. jack lew will be at the pew charitable trusts to discuss the
state of financial reform. that is that c-span2. , members of the house and energy subcommittee will hear from federal regulatory commissioners. democraticover a onering committee meeting unemployment benefits that are set to expire at the end of the month. in a few moments, a look at today's headlines, plus your calls. live on "washington journal." the house will be in session at 9:00 eastern to consider a bill regarding patent law. we will focus on the farm bill with randy neugebauer. we will also take your questions about the affordable care act and ongoing budget negotiations.
we will continue the discussion on budget talks at 8:20. >> good morning, everyone. here are your headlines. the washington post reports that the nsa is gathering nearly 5 billion records per day on the whereabouts of cell phones around the world. the documents given to the post by edward snowden. u.s. officials say the collection is lawful. around the country today, fast food rest word -- workers will walk off the job as part of the continued push to raise minimum wage and secure the rights to unionize. lawmakers