Skip to main content

tv   Washington This Week  CSPAN  January 5, 2014 1:00pm-1:56pm EST

1:00 pm
room is important, because it reflects the interaction of the family. sarah roosevelt sat at the head. franklin was at the other end. >> this was the bedroom that 18ey shared as adults until 19 until infidelity. rooseveltme, mrs. chose the bedroom right next to this room. it has a doorway coming right in. this was an area where she could be by herself. it was a bit of a private face for her. the furniture was used by mrs. roosevelt. one of the few areas where she could get some privacy. roosevelt was in hyde park and franklin roosevelt was in here, it was a given that they would sleep in the big house. if for some reason frankly was
1:01 pm
not in hyde park, mrs. roosevelt on her own we choose to spend your time and they'll kill -- valkill. in this direction we have a direction to sarah delano roosevelt's bedroom. mrs. roosevelt's bedroom is sandwiched between sarah and her husband franklin. the same as in her lifetime she was sandwiched between franklin and his mother, sarah. the involvement of mrs. roosevelt in the political career of frank and roosevelt is right from the beginning. she becomes much more active in whenole after 1921, franklin roosevelt contracted polio. she would encourage franklin roosevelt to continue with his political ambitions. and she would toyed forces with the political strategist.
1:02 pm
were laid out,s and it was important because roosevelt and mrs. did not have a close relationship until the polio came into the story and louis h owe was with franklin roosevelt sent 1910, when he started his political career. they would encourage franklin in the sense against the wishes of franklin's mother, sarah. felt because franken contracted polio and thinking of the resources of the family, that franklin could very easily live his life at springwood in the role of a gentleman just a keeper -- estate keeper. mrs. roosevelt would encourage the opposite and motivate franklin. mrs. howe would tutor roosevelt and her public speaking in teacher her how to put emphasis on certain words, how to control her very interesting time that sometimes went a little high-pitched.
1:03 pm
soon mrs. mrs. roosevelt would be comfortable with her public speaking and realize the power of that ability. some might think it was a bit self-serving of mrs. roosevelt, because when you think of the doubling estate keeper, his wife would also be confined to the estate. mrs. roosevelt would enjoy certain freedom. her tutoring relative to her public speaking is important, also, because they very shy delano roosevelt, -- eleanor roosevelt, would suddenly realize she had the ability to conquer that fear through tutoring. and she would realize the power of public speaking. in this case, the power was a kept franklin roosevelt image alive to the american public until he addresses the democratic convention in 1924. >> good evening, ladies and
1:04 pm
gentlemen. i am speaking to you tonight at a very serious moment in our history. the cabinet is convening in the league is in congress are meeting with the president. the state department and army officials have been with the president all afternoon. in fact, the japanese ambassador was talking to the president. hat japan's time t airships were bombing our citizens in hawaii and the philippines, and sinking one of our transports, on it's way too wide. by tomorrow morning, the members of congress will have a full report and be ready for action. in the meantime, we, the people, are already prepared for action. for months now, the knowledge that something of this kind might happen has been hanging over our heads, and yet, it seemed impossible to believe, impossible to drop the everyday things of life and feel that there was only one thing which
1:05 pm
was important -- preparation to meet an enemy no matter where he was. that is all over now. and there is no more uncertainty. we know what we have to face. and we know that we are ready to face it. >> as a young woman growing up in missouri, bess truman would be paid a visit by her neighbor was relative, harry. my grandfather visited independence, which is 26 miles from where he lived in grandview in 1910, he often stayed across the street at the nolan house. one afternoon he was over there with his cousins, with the family, and his aunt brought in a cake plate that my great grandmother, madge wallace, had lanen her a cake and mrs. no had cleaned the plate and was asked if anyone would take it back over.
1:06 pm
and my grandfather, moved with what my mother described as something approaching feet of l ight, and ran over here and rang the bell in in the hope that my grandmother would answer the door, and she did. and she invited him in, and that is the beginning of their formal courtship. they first met in sunday school and my grandmother was five my grandfather was six. they were baptists. my grandfather's family were baptists, but the presbyterian church down the street here had a very good sunday school. that is what my great-grandmother truman was most interested in. she took grandpa over there to talk to the reverend. and as she was talking, sunday school was in session, and as my great-grandmother was talking to the reverend, my grandfather noticed this little girl sitting in sunday school class with what he described as beautiful blue eyes and long, golden curls. any sort of fell in love with her right then and there.
1:07 pm
and as far as i know, as far as anybody knows, never look at another woman. we are on the back porch of my grandparents home in independence. this is the way we came in. through the kitchen door. came into the kitchen, and the first place i always had it was back here to the pantry. tin, but't see the there was always a tin on one of the shelves, a round tin, filled with brownies. and i always made sure that was in here before i went anywhere else in the house. once i made sure the brownies were in the tin, the next op-ed stop had tothe next be my grandfather study. he did not meet his at the airport as he got older, but once he came into the house, you had to say hi to grandpa. this is where you found him most
1:08 pm
of the time as he was getting older, if i wanted to talk to him, that is where i looked, because he was always reading. and my grandmother and my mother sat in those chairs and often read in here with him. andrently, my grandmother my mother used to start a fight. and my grandfather used to mark his legs with his finger and look up and try to decide whether or not the fight was escalating to the point where he needed to get out of the room. if you decided everything was ok, he begun to the next page and read down and check again. sometimes he left, sometimes he stayed. and this is the formal dining room. this is where we ate the evening meal every day. we had breakfast in the kitchen and sandwich or something for lunch. but this is where we ate all formal dinner meals is in this dining room. and my grandmother sat at that end of the table. closest to the kitchen, i think.
1:09 pm
go through here, we're in the center of the house, in the foyer. and you will notice that the biggest portrait in the house is that of my late mtother. she was only conceived after my grandmother suffered two miscarriages. my grandmother was 39 when she was born. so she was very precious to my grandparents, and they were very close little family unit. my grandfather kind of spoiled her. my grandmother was more the disciplinarian, but the three of them were very, very tight as a family. because she was their only child. wewe go through this way, are in the living room. and this chair was where my -- this is where my grandmother did her reading after my grandfather passed away. this is where my grandmother sat. she read murder mysteries. and she had stacks on either sid
1:10 pm
e of the chair. an in stack here and an out stack here. this is where she spends a lot of her time. she gave a lot of those murder mr. to my mother, who -- murder mistress to my mother, who did the same thing. mom of course became a mystery writer. this painting was originally painted as my grandmother's official white house portrait. bird johnson, lady went looking for portraits of first ladies t to re-hang in the white house. and she looked high and low, and she could not find my grandmother's official portrait. so she called my grandmother and said, mrs. truman, do you know where that painting is? and my grandmother said, it is on my wall. and mrs. johnson said,, you really should not have that. it along to the white house.
1:11 pm
and my grandmother said, no. it is on my wall and that is where we'll stay. i think mrs. johnson tried a couple more times, but eventually she gave up and had a copy painted. copies made, and one of them hangs in the library down the road and the other is in the white house. those are the two copies. this is the original. >> first lady mamie eisenhower's sense of style kept her noticed by the fashion world. >> i'm surrounded by a few of the items that kept her on the 10 best dressed list. she worked with one of her favorite designers for her suits and daywear. this is the outfit she wore to the formal opening of the st. lawrence seaway. custom-designed d ress, this is a printed, con fabric with many of the houses the eisenhower was lifted in during their marriage. in during their
1:12 pm
marriage. these are a few examples of her day dresses. she was very fond of the color pink and wore it in many different shades and styles. many of the trusses ucr sleeveless and she always had her arms were ike's favorite feature -- many of her dresses were sleeveless. this one has an exceptional long hem, that she would raise and lower so the headline was always in fashion. jackie kennedy is well known for the little black dress, and here are two examples of mamie's favorite little black dress up your she said she would never just like an old lady. these gowns that she wore well into her 70's show her love of bright colors and while fabrics. like any high-fashion lady, she loved cats. this is a small sampling -- loved hats. one of her favorite designers was salley victor. no outfit is complete without a fabulous pair of shoes. as a matter of fact, many of the
1:13 pm
shoes we have were made expressly for mrs. dwight eisenhower. this dress and underground from the mid-1920's -- underg arment, shows her love of fashion. she was about 30 years old. let's take a look at some of the exhibits that focus on her style. mamie was well known for her trademark hairstyle, the bangs were called the mamie look, and you could purchase fake bangs at the drugstore spirit she would often go to the elizabeth arden salons to get her hair done. and elizabeth arden had one of her hair stylist create the strong so that she could take that with her so if she had to go to another stylist, her hair would be perfect. who grew up in a poor family of all sons, mamie was from a well-to-do family of daughters and she attended a finishing school. and we have her report card from the school.
1:14 pm
in denver, colorado. in english,t a "b" she actually got a "c-" in european history, and "c" in french. as knew that in later years a military wife and future first lady, that she would be so well traveled and have so much to do with european history? we actually have a special passport issued to mamie in 1945. this is when she could go join her husband ike when he was first military commander of the u.s. occupied zone in germany at the end of world war ii. while in germany, she actually purchased the sterling civil and marcasite pin. mamie renewed her passport one more time a few years later to travel with ike. we have her nodulation card. -- innoculation card.
1:15 pm
and this is from one ike -- when ike was commander of nato forces in france. mamie loved charms. early on, ike bought her this west point football charms, showing the army and navy game for.s when ike was coach -- for the army football team. whenwas purchased by ike he was stationed in the philippines working for general macarthur. mamioe\ coul no always travel/ with ike, but she was often on his minde. these bangles were purchased in north africa in 1943, during the operation and invastion of - and invasion of north africa. the nautilus was the first nuclear powered naval vessel
1:16 pm
. as a military wife, mamie took great pride in creating a home places theyhe 356 lived throughout their marriage. as a girl, she was diagnosed with a heart condition. in later years, she was under doctors orders to stay in bed three days a week here that was too much for her, so she compromised and stayed in bed every day until noon. she would still meet with her staff. she would get up in the mornings, do hair, put on her makeup, and where these lovely bed jackets. as we'll see in the library, we have many notes from those meetings. while wearing the bed jackets, she would often meet with her secretary to plan the days events. ran the white she house with military precision. her schedules were often blocked out in five minute increments. we have schedules for every year she was first lady. for example, on the schedule, we see that not only did she have a diplomatic dinner, but the next
1:17 pm
morning she was planning to cut the ribbon at the national presbyterian church bazaar. some of the things that mamie would discuss with her social secretary were of a personal nature. here, she is shopping for christmas gifts for their grandchildren, and she has to buy this doll for her granddaughter susan. mamie was always particular about the budget, and she even kept her figures so she would never go over budget. keen sense of fashion, jacqueline kennedy was admired for her clothing ensembles. >> mrs. kennedy is very well known as a style icon. admiration of her fashion sense mble shefirst ense wore as first lady was on inauguration day. this gray-ish colored wool coat and dress. i think it is a wonderful
1:18 pm
example of here simp -- her simple elegance that became very popular. and the only thing she wore to adorn the ensemble was a really beautiful ruby boracroach that jfk gave her to celebrate the birth of john jr. she wore that after the swearing-in. of course, most famously wasshing mthe ensemble this pill box hat. she wore it on the back of her head so her face could be seen. that set a fashion trend. the hat would normally be worn on the top of the head, she had pushed back to frame her face. box, is oneth the of her best-known dresses. her televisedg tour of the white house in
1:19 pm
february, 1962. visitors to our museum are quite surprised to realize that it is red, because of course, the program was filmed in black-and-white and broadcast in black and white. i like to surmise that she chose red knowing that it would be televised on valentine's day, 1962. ands go into the museum look at other examples of jaclyn kennedy's clothing we have on display. an awful lot of thought into her wardrobe when she was representing the country, both at the white house and while traveling abroad. she would think about what colors would mean something to the country i'm about to visit. for her visit to canada in 1961, the first state visit the kennedys made, she shows -- she chose this red suit as a gesture of respect for the red of the canadian maple leaf, and knowing that she would be greeted by the
1:20 pm
royal canadian mounted police who wear red. we display the green coat and hat worn by the first lady for her arrival in columbia in 1961. the president and first lady traveled throughout south america on that visit, were greeted by hundreds of thousands of people, an overwhelming response, particularly when mrs. kennedy would address the crowds in spanish. i really admire the thought that mrs. kennedy put into her wardrobe. she would think about the events she was attending or the country she was visiting. color that style of she would wear that could mean something to her host? she also knew the advantage of choosing a color or style that would make her stand out in a crowd. in her oral history, mrs. kennedy speaks about president kennedy's love of reading, love of history, of his belief in the power of words. and that is something, that is a
1:21 pm
belief they both shared. and what i like about this story here is it shows, it is an example of that belief in the power of words. and it is a great example of collaboration between husband and wife. histhis very early in presidential campaign, late 1959. in those early days, mrs. kennedy did travel with him on the campaign trail as much as possible. of the speech he presented in washington state in june, 1959. mrs. kennedy was with him at that dinner. president kennedy obviously had speechwriters that he would speeches, ups until the moment he was about to deliver it. as he wasnner, waiting to speak, he wanted to close his speech with some versus from "ulysses." so he actually asked mrs.
1:22 pm
kennedy, give me the last line from ulysees, "come my friends." and following and mrs. kennedy's hand is the rest of the poem, which he knew from memory. so he could close his speech with those words. from a young age, jacqueline beauvier loved to write. she would create poems as gifts for her parents. on christmas and birthdays, she would write up a woman and illustrate it. we have two early examples from when she was 10 years old. porters' school, she wrote a wonderful essay called "be kind and do your share." she goes on about how helping others in life is so important. word for someone.
1:23 pm
is called "one special summer." after graduating from school, jackie's parents, her mother and stepfather sent jackier and her sister on the summer through europe. appreciation for the gifts, they collaborated together on this scrap up to give to their parents to let them know what their investors were. and it is accommodation of snapshots they took, handwritten descriptions of the different places they visited, the people they met. it is a really wonderful, whimsical sketch done by jackie. jackiefall, 1950, writing"vogue's" contest. she won the contest. one was asays --
1:24 pm
self-portrait, where i think she wonderfully described yourself as tall, with borown hair, a square face, and eyes so unfortunately far apart -- " again, it is an example of her love of writing, and the power of words. she's asked in question three of the essay, who are three people in history you wish you had known? and the first two she mentions audelaire and oscar wilde. jackie wasy 1950's, hired of the inquiring camera gil for the washington -- camera girl. this is the camera she went through the streets of washington asking questions and
1:25 pm
creating columns. one, we have on display is prophetic because she is interviewed by president nixon and senator john f. kennedy, who was the adversary in the 1960 presidential campaign. i think all of these examples of her early writings, and she did write throughout her life, but i --nk of her life, had made had been made different, she would've been a writer officially appeared in the last part of her life, she was a very prolific editor of books in new york city working with several different authors on several different topics. first lady lady bird johnson enjoyed the time she and the president could spend at their ranch, resting and relaxing. >> their living room is the oldest room in the house. she would refer to this as our heart's home. and we have a few things that speak to her connection to the room. one of the things that she
1:26 pm
wanted to highlight was the native american heritage in the hill country. and we have a small collection of arrowheads. mrs. johnson had her daughters, linda, and lucy, look for airheads. and mrs. johnson would pay them one dollar for everyone. linda was doing better at collecting them. it turns out that linda was paying her schoolmates $.50 and collecting one dollar from her mother. copper,an eye for and collected items and have gifts from various friends. one of the objects that always gathers visitors attention -- the three television sets. the president loves to watch the news. the three major networks -- abc, nbc, and cbs -- would show that news at the same time. the president would turn down the volume. but mrs. johnson's favorite program was "gunsmoke," and she altered her schedule to catch an episode of her favorite western. johnsonafter lyndon became president, the ranch was
1:27 pm
dubbed the texas white house, and life at the ranch revolves around the home. to show you the importance of the ranch and the home, the johnsons returned home 74 times during johnson's five years as president. the first lady love to show off the texas hill country and her home. guests to the ranch would informally gather in the den. various heads of state came to visit -- the president of mexico , the west german chancellor, and the israeli prime minister, to name a few. and they would visit with the johnsons in the den. the dining room was a very special place for lady bird johnson, where she entertained her guest georgie picked up the wallpaper. very similar to this scene she would've seen out her picture window that she had installed at her request. of thehnson gave a tour house in 1968 that was filmed where she featured the china that was purchased in mexico, very colorful. the president would sit down at
1:28 pm
this end of the table we see the cowhide chair. mrs. johnson at the other end of the table. one feature that you will notice next to the president -- a handy telephone. president johnson loved working telephones in the middle of the meal and make or answer a call. mrs. johnson was not happy about that, but she got used to that because lyndon johnson was such a workaholic. as first lady mrs. johnson spent a lot of time at the ranch. it was very important because it provided such a respite from all of the turmoil of washington, particularly later in the presidency where the johnsons could come home tom our recharge their batteries and make that connection back to the land and the place they valued so much. this is mrs. johnson's private bedroom. it was part of the 1967 remodeling. she specified to designers she wanted this to be her forever room. to specify certain elements she wanted -- a fireplace, east facing windows, and a large bi d
1:29 pm
ookcase to display mementos -- the birds, the china. and also cameras. lyndon johnson gave mrs. johnson at the camera for her wedding gift, and she became a photojournalist. capture home to movies. hours and hours of her home movies. as well as the recorder here where mrs. johnson every night at the white house would record her daily observations. and this became the basis of the "ook, "a white house diary, which is a chronicling of the tumultuous years of the 1960's. mrs. johnson wrote for 34 years 34 years after the president's death. she loved to sit at this desk and keep up with her correspondence. also in this space, we have mrs. johnson's closet, with all of the clothing. her formal wear, the ranch
1:30 pm
clothing with the boots and the hats. a lot of her colorful outfits, and her shoes. one and then all of the photographs and those who mattered so much to her. to her grandchildren and great- grandchildren, she was known as mimi, a special person in their lives. lady bird johnson had a great sense of history. and during her years in washington, she would often be a tour guide for texans. i had a chance to meet her while working at the harry s. truman worksite and i was very impressed knowing that one day, her story would be told here at the lbj ranch. >> we are in a private office of mrs. lyndon johnson at the lbj library. i worked as her social secretary
1:31 pm
from 1976 to 1990. a typical day would be her coming in in the morning probably around 9:00. she would have each hand filled with some of these things on her desk. some of these things on speechwriting, event planning, whatever she was working on. she said she felt like a little burro. and she would come in and get to work and her desk was always very orderly. she kept files on her desk, file s she was working on. trips she was taking. she would keep a large envelope
1:32 pm
with the title or the dates on them so she could pick them back up and put every thing back in them. and she worked on her desk with letters that she was processing. when she completed things, she would put them on the floor. she stayed at the office most of the day. making phone calls and working on projects that she loved so much. she loved this office again she could look out on her alma mater. and then a corridor through to the capital in this city that she loved so much. she would stay here all day, and that was pretty much monday through friday. when we were having guests at the ranch, she would sometimes go out a few days early and stay in the different guest rooms to check on the water and the lights and electricity to make sure everything would turn on in the different rooms. and we would make a stop out to the ranch to pick up magazines that were guest specific, for whoever was coming for the weekend. very thoughtful, meticulous, and gracious.
1:33 pm
we had three office staff at the time. we had a person who handled her calendar. we had a person who came from the white house as her press secretary, who helped her work on speeches. and then i was in the office. that chair was usually occupied by one of us a good part of the day. as we rotated in projects she was working on. by friday afternoon, she was ready to leave and go to the ranch, which she really called home. about 3:30 in the afternoon, she would say, do i have anything else to do? and she would tell us when she was ready to go. she would pack those saddlebags up and take off and head off to the ranch for the weekend am a to be back here on monday morning. i was so fortunate to be here, and i learned so much from her in the way that she did things, in the way that she entertained. and i liked the way she
1:34 pm
entertained. i think that is one reason we did so well together. i really loved her sense of making people feel at home. she was so, so good at it. >> growing up on a small farm in southern california, first lady pat nixon learned the value of a strong work ethic at an early age. >> mrs. nixon had very humble beginnings. she spent a lot of time working at the farm. she has an account from 1941, she kept the books. she was 19 years old when this was happening. she talks about how total deposits, none made just a year ago, january. it shows you how difficult it is to make ends meet. as a teenager in the depression, mrs. nixon took on a lot of jobs, from becoming a pharmacist an x-ray technician, to a personal shopper.
1:35 pm
she became a model. and she also did call casting. she actually got on the list from paramount pictures to be an extra in films. she also as part of this whole jumping from job to job -- she also had a speaking role in a film called "vicki sharp" from 1935. you can see her dancing in the film, but her speaking role was cut out. this stage pass shows her name and the restrictions one had to go through. eventually, she had enough money to obtain her degree and she became a teacher. >> mrs. nixon was one of the most widely traveled first ladies in our country's history. this is her diplomatic passport that was used during her time at
1:36 pm
s second lady. you can see here, the photos. the passport has 53 in total from 1953 to 1961. mrs. nixon really wanted to go out into the field and see the people. she wanted to work with them, see what she could do to help. she wanted to go to hospitals and orphanages. these tags were used by mrs. nixon on her second to last trip as first lady. she visited australia egypt, saudi arabia, israel, and jordan. it was the first time a first lady had ever been to israel. you can see some of the items on display related to her travels as first lady in the museum. >> here in the museum, we have examples of gifts given to mrs. nixon during her foreign travels.
1:37 pm
we have a gift to mrs. nixon from golda maier in 1965. it is 12th or 11th century bc. and here we have an example of a belgian lace tablecloth given to her in 1969 by his excellency of the belgian kingdom. and a beautiful watch made out of gold. it is made out of rubies and diamonds. this was given to her by the prime minister of columbia in 1979. in 1979.in columbo during her historic trip to china, 1972, her extensive travels took her to the beijing zoo. then known as the peking zoo. she learned about the pandas on display. the president and mrs. nixon were meeting with their hosts.
1:38 pm
one noticed how this is nixon was looking at the package of cigarettes. they had pandas on them. and they noticed this and noticed she was also admiring the pandas at the zoo. and she said, yes. they made sure she had some going home. one panda was transported in this crate. the president and mrs. nixon were interesting going on a foreign trip. it was important for her to uphold and support her husband. just her being there was so much goodwill. and it was always at the end of the trip that they would talk about the president, but always say what a wonderful job pat nixon did.
1:39 pm
>> this is the pat nixon amphiteatre, a very special place, because it was here, june 26, 1993, that mrs. nixon's funeral was held. the casket was here underneath a lovely tent with flowers. a nixon family sat right over here. and on the other side, the presidents reagan and ford, and their first ladies. this is the pat nixon rose garden at the nixon library. it was a very special place for mrs. nixon, in particular because mrs. nixon was instrumental in designing it for the grand opening of the library in 1990. she loved gardening and had a special affinity for roses. mrs. nixon was instrumental in opening up the white house for garden tours in the spring, which is a tradition that has continued to this day. this was a rose that was developed in 1972 by a french designer when mrs. nixon was first lady, the pat nixon rose. it is the only rose that will continually grow at the white house. this is the final resting place
1:40 pm
of both president and mrs. nixon and only steps away from the president's humble 1910 farmhouse. there is a great story behind the epitaph on mrs. nixon's memorial site, which she chose herself. it dates back to the trip to peru that she took in 1970 as the ambassador of goodwill. she wanted to meet the people that were affected by this devastating earthquake that had rocked peru. she wanted to see the devastation. she wanted to find out what she could do to help. one of the reporters said to her mrs. nixon, what good will any of this do it the people you are speaking to cannot understand what you are saying? and she replied, even when people cannot speak your language, they can tell if you have love in your heart. >> first lady betty ford also wanted to elevate fashion designs made in america. >> hand-in-hand with mrs. ford's love for dance was her love for design, for fashion. and particularly, she wanted to promote american fashion.
1:41 pm
these are some of her dresses and gowns from her first lady timeframe. this is a gown that she wore to her first head of state event. it was designed by a lady named becky welch who had a boutique in alexandria, virginia. this next one is also a frankie welch dress. mrs. ford wore this for her official portrait as first lady. this is a dress that some people might recognize. she wore this gown for a portrait that was taken of the family and featured on the cover of "time" magazine. she also liked very practical design as well.
1:42 pm
a fellow from new york designed a number of dresses and gowns for her. very practical, very inexpensive, but for her very functional. she would wear these outfits, both of which are the same designer, to arrival ceremonies, dignitaries, and also to church, on trips, campaign events. they were those that she could get most comfortable in. this is a piece that she wore for the "60 minutes" interview. we know a lot of this because one of the things mrs. ford was very careful about, as organized as she was, was that she kept what we called secretaries cards for each of these dresses. there would be notations made on where she wore them, when she wore them. and you can see that for many of
1:43 pm
them, she wore them multiple times. some of this is in the handwriting of her secretary. some of this is in her handwriting. many of these extend beyond the first lady timeframe into the post first ladyship timeframe. she would wear these into the early 1980's. and her love for design, her promotion of american fashion led to -- in 1976 -- her receiving the prestigious parsons school of design award. this is the accolade she received for her promotion of american designers. >> from age eight, betty ford, then betty bloomer, knew she wanted to do something with dance. she was fascinated by dance and so much of her early life was
1:44 pm
organized around that. she went to different camps. this was her traveling trunk that she would take in wisconsin, where she would put on skits and plays, dance with her friends. and that led to bennington, vermont, where she studied at the school of dance. these are some of her note cards, spiral notebooks where she kept notes. each of these is dedicated to a different subject. this is dance technique. inside here you would find names of her teachers and the notes that she took about the different things she was studying. much of it about choreography. some of them have dance figures that she has drawn with little stick figures or diagrams that showed how the stage is supposed to be organized. other material we have of hers includes record albums. she, like teenagers even today,
1:45 pm
collected music. and she collected the popular tunes of the time. these are some of the records you would find. "i'm a big girl" by gertrude neeson. "can't we talk it over" by carmen cavallaro. mrs. ford was a very organized person. this demonstrates that. please, when using these records, put these back in the same folder. thank you, as it is very important, betty bloomer. this is her organizer that she carried with her to vermont, back to grand rapids, off to new york where she studied with martha graham and work for the powers modeling agency. and then back to grand rapids again. in it you will find a whole host
1:46 pm
of things that you would find in just about any organized there. names of different people with different dance troops, and their telephone numbers, dance composition notes with ms. martha hill and her class that was from 9:00 to 10:20 a.m. one of her sketches of a costume for one of the dance for teens -- dance routines that she wanted to put on. again, choreography notes that she made for different dance for teens. there is a whole wealth of material in here that talks about her love for dance and how deeply she was involved in it, especially in her new early years. >> in 1974, vice president ford was sworn in as president of the united states. this is the dress that mrs. ford was wearing at the swearing-in ceremony in the east room of the white house. she was less than excited about becoming first lady. but president ford encouraged
1:47 pm
her, saying we can do this. she resolved, if i'm going to have to do this, i'm going to have fun doing it. and the fun for her started almost immediately. within 10 days, she had a state dinner to entertain king hussein of jordan. it was something that she had to prepare for in her role as first lady, and she hit the ground running. while she was first lady, she had a number of opportunities to entertain, because president ford's administration over the the bicentennial, some of the most coveted events at the white house, were held during that year. people wanted these invitations. this is for the may 17, 1976 event when they entertained the then president of france. there were a number of people who came to the white house. and among them, the emperor of japan.
1:48 pm
this is a letter received from him in appreciation for hosting him in 1975. the first time an emperor had ever left japan. here are some of the invitations, dinner menus of probably the biggest event, and that is when we hosted queen elizabeth in july of 1976. this is the gift that the queen of england presented to president and mrs. ford, and to the people of the united states. it is a gilded and enameled soup terrine. it is hand-painted with an image of the white house. it was the official gift of great britain to the united states celebrating the 200th anniversary of the united states. and she wrote a nice letter back to the fords, thanking them for their hospitality, and for their
1:49 pm
friendship that they extended to the queen and to the people of england. and in this letter, the queen writes to the president and mrs. ford, "it was the greatest pleasure for us to visit the united states and to be able to join in the bicentennial celebrations." and she signed it "we send our warm good wishes to you and mrs. ford. your sincere friend, elizabeth." >> born and raised in a small southern town, first lady rosalyn carter also helped run the family business. >> much hasn't changed since the president and mrs. carter grew up here in the 1920's and 1930's. if we were to take away these stores and have a dirt road right in front of them, it would be very similar to the photographed circa 1925. the story begins here in this house. she lived here with her mom,
1:50 pm
dad, two brothers, and a sister. one of her favorite memories of this house is when her dad would come home from work, go into the kitchen, and meet her mother, give her a big hug, swing her around and give her a kiss. >> she lost her father at a very young age. jimmy carter's mother, ms. lillian, helped take care of mr. edgar throughout his illness. she was a trained nurse and on the night of his passing, she actually took young roslyn smith out to the jimmy carter farm to be with jimmy carter's sister, ruth. this is the farm. it is important to ms. roselyn's story because she would spend a lot of time out here with jimmy carter's sister, ruth. this is the room of jimmy
1:51 pm
carter's sisters ruth and gloria. when roselyn came out to see her friend, ruth, she would -- this is where they would hang out together, play games, do homework, and just enjoy each other's company. surely when mrs. roslyn was out visiting jimmy carter sister, she would see jimmy carter and have many interactions with them. this is where roslyn smith carter and jimmy carter would attend first through 11th grade. her first memory of going to school here is she made straight a's the first quarter. she went home and showed her dad, edgar smith, and her mom, ms. ally, her straight a's and they were so proud of her that her dad gave her a dollar for her accomplisments. later on in seventh grade, a local businessman had a contest for the student that had the best grade point average throughout the year. whoever had the grade point average, he would give them five dollars.
1:52 pm
in the 1920's and 1930's, that was quite a bit of money. after that seventh grade year, ms. roslyn had won the five dollars from that local businessman. a lot of the activity that roslyn carter was engaged in was basketball. she was so excited when she made the varsity basketball team here. we have a picture here in her uniform in her plains high school letter jacket. i think it was a very good accomplishment for ms. roselyn at the time. this is the plains united methodist church. it is on these steps to where president carter asked ms. roslyn out on a date for the first time. it is also where they got married. it is a very special place for president and mrs. carter. this is the train depot in plains, georgia. it is the oldest building here in plains. in 1976, this is the logical choice for headquarters.
1:53 pm
mrs. carter was a key figure in his campaign. and as you can imagine in 1976, the hustle and bustle of all of the activities in the campaign with tables and desk and phone s going off and letters coming in and out. ms. roslyn was here helping run the campaign. and the whole family had a part to play in the campaign. his sons and his daughter had a role in the campaign. and of course, his mother, ms. lillian, and ms. roslyn's mother, ms. ally. they would have sat out here on the platform, greeting visitors. this is where roselyn carter helped organize the peanut brigade. it was a technique used during his run for governor. it was basically a way to get the word out about jimmy carter using volunteers, going door-to- door, shaking hands, giving out literature, and spreading the
1:54 pm
word. it was so effective that it helps him get elected to the presidency. >> i got upset with the president because they covered my mental health work the first few meetings i had. and then they never showed up anymore. and one of the things i wanted to do was bring attention to the issue of how terrible it was and what few services there were. but just getting it out in public, that is what i did in georgia. i developed a good program in georgia, by the way. but they just didn't come. when there was walking in the white house, and i met this woman who was one of the press , nobody ever said covers my meetings anymore. she said mrs. carter, is not a
1:55 pm
sexy issue. like.at i did not but i never received much coverage for it. but we toured the country, we , and passlegislation the mental health assistance act of 1980. it passed through congress one before jimmy was involuntarily removed from the white house. it was one of the greatest disappointment of my life when the incoming president put it on the shelf. on "first lady is," we have two exclusive interviews, hearst, former first lady rosalynn carter shows her work on mental health issues and her

61 Views

info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on