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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  September 29, 2014 8:00pm-10:01pm EDT

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you. videos need to include c-span programming, show varying points of view and must be submitted by 20,2015. for more information. c-span,g up on microsoft founder bill gates talks about the response to the ebola outbreak. then, israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu and the deputy prime minister speak before the u.n. general assembly. and later, deputy secretary of state william burns talks about u.s.-middle east policy. the bill and melinda gates donated $50as million to ebola outbreak responsen efforts. spoke about ebola on monday in washington. he was interviewed as part of politico's lessons from leaders series. an hour.
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>> i thank you so much. delighted to be partnering with bank of america and to kick off this series, i can't think of anyone better or more timely to have a conversation with than bill gates. so appreciate you joining us this morning and to all oaf you who are we're going to start off in a i think's unlikely but absolutely fitting topic, which is the subject of ebola and the crisis in africa and potentially beyond africa. recently foundation announced it is donating $50 million to help with the response. of us think about what's happening with the disease and the spread of it, we have to ask questions that really relate to leadership, right? health it's our global institutions, whether it's individual countryings and their country -- countries, and lack thereof to respond.
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mr. gates, obviously you spent the last, really, more than a decade, focused on global health challenges in africa. here comes a big crisis of the sort that we've been worrying about and warning about. role of you feel the individual leadership and global indership comes into play this crisis? >> well, i think ebola is a great example of where the world really needs to come together. the three countries where this place have had a lot of civil war, very weak health systems. ebola had never shown up in west africa before. did take a while for people to understand, okay, we've got ebola here. and even that eventually what we saw was a very unique ebola epidemic. there have been over a dozen, and they've all been, you could the like bushfires, with right, a little bit of pressure,
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getting medical workers in, people to not with the people who have it or as they're burying the people who die from it. bigyet here it got into a city, and it is an incredible challenge. is now putting their resources in. went over there, personally the and saw the head of cdc, and he's the one who really said, no, this is a different ebola epidemic. and now everybody is galvanizing to get behind this. impressiveis quite what's being pulled together. i do think we'll be able to get control.r we need to maker sure it doesn't -- make sure it doesn't spread out to other parts of africa. then we need to get it under control in these three locations. there's a pretty clear road map
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done.t needs to be our foundation is particularly involved in a few of the locations, like in nigeria, been a bigre's investment in polio eradication of havingole idea expertise and how you orchestrate medical personnel, polio resources and the helpfulssons are very here. in fact, the reason that it got stopped in two of the countries, nigeria and senegal, is because people with polio were pulled acted quickly, money from us and others was pulled in. bethe next few months will tense. every day, there's tons of e-mails flying about how can people -- quickly can people get in, can we get the tools. there's an overall approach now. the u.s., as usual on world up, both is stepping in terms of the science, the understanding and now the u.s. logistic ability to get supplies in and create field
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hospitals that are critical. >> mr. gates, what an honor to have you here. had a great conversation last year at bank of america. booze thisere's no time. but you say that -- morning.8:00 in the [laughter] >> it's 5:00 somewhere. mobilizing nowd and we're going to get this under control. story of has a great politico this morning, the ebola leadership gap. how late everyone has been, the private sector, governments. why did it get so far out of control? >> well, i suppose it's -- that's the easiest article to there's awhen financial crisis or -- well, an algorithm for predicting the future, all new things, that article is great. the -- i'm pretty impressed with how quickly people have stepped
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up on this. ideally, you would have decent in all ofalth care africa. it's far better today throughout because of a variety of things, including money that's build up systems. u.s. aid has gone in to build up systems. these three countries, partly because of civil war, have not gotten there. so because ebola was never seen in this area before, and because health care system didn't report it, and because burial practice, the touching of disease, makes the spread far more forcefully, it percolated long, you know, in the may, june time frame. you have anjuly did urban case. then, in august, the numbers started to jump up. and that's when everybody said,
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okay, this is quite, quite unique. we had done a grant in july. we did one in august. got the nigeria thing organized. late augustid- to before the world saw this as a very unique ebola crisis. joe moore, why should you care? what does it mean to the u.s. now and in coming years? >> well, epidemics like this, far better to stop them before they spread to lots and lots of countries. and the tragedy here is both the ebola deaths but also the civil unrest. what happens when you have people panicking about an epidemic is that the entire health system shuts down. die of people will malaria, pneumonia, not having hospital services. type ofh toll from this
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shutdown is because of a huge diseases. and so we should all care a lot that that does not spread to and lots of locations. if the right thing hadn't been done in nigeria to catch it in bud, you'd have a city with people and you'd have a complete disaster and lots and lots of panic. so i think we should care about the people there. economies there. and the u.s. impact is the one the cdc that can figure these things out, playing a central role. that can go inmy there with the logistics and the medical understanding. lookingnew tools were at in terms of vaccines and -- and diagnostics, it's all stuff that the primary funder, in general the particular things they can beke pulled together pretty quickly u.s. investment and
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innovation type things. for me, this is one of the great causes, one of the two causes that harcourt foundation has picked. lives, making sure that not only do you get rid of the death but kids can grow up in a healthy way, you know. to us, it's a very central thing. but the key actor is the united states and the investments that, in a way, this country has stood behind for literally decades. >> can i ask you about institutions? you talked about the infrastructure that already existed on polio, thanks in part to the work that you've done, when able to swing over there's a crisis and to respond. obviously not all of these countries have that infrastructure. look at awhen you crisis like this, do you see it as being one where you have to, effect, preposition your success? you need infrastructure, you function,tutions that versus politics? where do politics come into play, both in successfully dealing with something like this
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or not, as the case may be? every countrylike to be self-sufficient so that, both in terms of running a good primary health care system and funding a good primary health care system, it's all okay and they just participate in regional bodies that have deal withpacity to these things. africa, of all the places in the furthest behind on being able to do that. through aid, health and health africa have improved very, very dramatically. death is downood by over half in africa as a the year 2000 and now. acceleration.n the economist just had a good piece on this, on the fiveeration over the last years, as people got more focused on this, one of those measurable millennial development goals. i think there's probably about years here where there will
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be some countries in africa that them up.o help lift the ongoing rate of bad health there is very high. over half a million kids a year malaria. and ebola isn't going to get to malariaf something like or hiv, because i do think we're stepping up and we'll respond. those things, you know, through medical research, through generosity, those things will also come under control. how you'll be able to move all these african countries middle-income status. it won't happen overnight. slowly but surely africa is no longer much of an outlyer as it was in the past. >> this is your first interview on ebola since the outbreak. but you've been engaged in washington on global health for years. people assume washington is it'sly broken down but your view that washington
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actually has shown leadership press hasn't really covered. the phenomenal generosity of the united states aid budget towards health issues is the best in the world. you can look at that broadly. it in terms of the hiv, the money which came in a republican administration with bipartisan support. increased under this administration. fortunately, it's one of the few that there really is a strong consensus on, getting -- these kids helping support polio erad yaition. erad -- eradication. we get senators or
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congressmen to go out to africa happened with malaria, to see what we've been with health systems, people come back very proud of the uplifting that's taking place there. there hashas been -- been consensus and the money has gone up as people have seen the success. of those very measurable things. this isn't, oh, they're in tough shape. we'll just shovel money over there and maybe something good will happen. you can in this case, follow the vaccines and you can follow the polio cases. ebola, we won't be able to run -- i guarantee you it would be very different. ago,ng there a few weeks will the president invoke all the resources of the u.s.? fact he did. i was thrilled about that. >> finally. >> no, i wouldn't say finally. there some other government who took decisive action before
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we did? data really clear? was there somebody, a cdc equivalent, who flew in and personally toured all these things? whosere someone else research will give us the vaccine to make sure this doesn't happen again? the u.s. is the leader in being able to move into areas like help out. we have a lot of other countriesthat do -- countries to step up. that u.s. military capability, being able to move gettingly as they do, people in and out, and being able to say to medical workers, there will beere, an evacuation capable -- that's why the recruitment is giving us the where we can get treatment centers. if the treatment centers are full and you're saying to go back into your community.
8:15 pm touch then the epidemic -- then they'll move around. infect lots more people. the reputation of the treatment center is that's where you go, there is capacity, it increases your chance of surviving, and if you do, your body isay dealt with will match cultural processes. when we get there, this will start to drop. we're not there yet. the u.s. capability, the polio resources, that's why i think we are going to get on top of this. thing i'vethe nicest heard about washington in a long time. [laughter] >> susan? was going to be my point. historic lows at a in its approval ratings. we didn't think it could go any lower. it's an election year. there might be consensus around aspects of global health. but in reality, support for
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foreign aid -- and your team has a lot about how to change that -- there's a diminishing feel on the part of to remain engaged internationally. how do you fight that, number 1, and number 2, are there ways in bech you found your goals to frustrated by the gridlock here in washington? >> well, the gridlock is very concerning. i think there's a lot of issues, know, immigration, increasing energy on the budget. are things that i think should be happening. investment inour medical research should be allowed to tail off like it has to. allowed so even in some of these great bit worrying. i don't think the term foreign aid is going to be easy to salvage. if people just think of that term, then all the money that we the cold war to back our bad guys, where we
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didn't really pay any attention, measure any outcome check,ter we sent that you know, to see, did he build good palaces, was he having a time? [laughter] probably -- probably not redeemable. talking about this aid and the that can bees, successful. that's why getting as many americans, not just politicians, but as many out to see this in action, having them come back ourtell the story, that's best tool, is the truth about the reality of how tough things yet how much they're improving. over a quarter of the aid budget related.-health basicmalaria, polio, health infrastructure. we're asking that there be a the vaccinease in money out of that budget. there's a new round of raising for this lobby that
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finances the vaccine for these very poor countries. when you talk to people in those and you talk about literally saving lives for very small amounts of money and getting these countries on a path to self-sufficiency, then strong response. story.have to tell that and it's got to compete with other budget priorities. want to involve all of you in this conversation about lessons from leaders. colleaguesy politico have microphones. ast signal if you have question. mr. gates, who are a couple of leaders who you admire, living or dead? inwell, there's leaders science, people who really like richards out, fineman or people who work on ofcines, you know, tons people working on hiv vaccines.
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there's leaders in business, buffet, whowarren got, you know, a certain approach they take that is pretty amazing. there's product innovators, like steve jobs was, where he gets and does ancept fantastic job. there are people out in the field, you know, whose names we won't know. there are several hundred people who stayed in the ebola-affected countries and continued to do the work, put themselves at great risk because medical the most likely to be infected, because they're person is --hen a when a person's health is quite aating, including bit of bleeding as they're getting very sick. many domains of heros. i've gotten to work with people like warren buffet. sat and talked to and learned from them. mandela, i got to meet a few times. he was trying to get the aids acknowledge itto and step up and do the right
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thing. it's pretty amazing, the great scientists or people in the field or leaders that i get to sit and talk with. >> so to take warren buffet or nelson mandela, can you point to that would help young people that want to be managers,ers, great great innovators? >> well, mandela told people something they didn't expect to him, which is that revenge and evening the score of they'd been treated was not in their interest and that even way it was certain completely unjust, that the country had to move forward, it to embrace everybody who lived there, it had to figure out how to have an economy that lifted everybody up. you would not have predicted such a nonviolent transition of literally -- the building that the government that theis the one most popular song that the nc had was how they were going to up that building. mandela worked in the building
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that he was saying about blowing of hundreds that's somebody getting you to step back and think, okay, we're in this together, in a way thatwithout his presence, just wouldn't have happened. >> so as much as you've had this on institution building, that's what i wanted to ask you, is about this question of where play, bothmes into in a positive sense, like mandela, but i'm thinking about and pakistanmpaign in the last few years, and the politicsat comes when defeats institutions or even investment of resources. what can you do about those work?nges to your >> well, we definitely run -- in the polio campaign, we ran into a huge number of problems. groups thaterrorist have kind of a nihilistic view towards medicines or vaccines,
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that both nigeria and pakistan, literally targeted polio vaccinators and gone out and killed them. continuect that people to volunteer to step out and get those vaccines out there is truly -- a truly amazing thing. we think we're very close to on polio. we haven't had any violent events for the last six months. we do have unrest. in nigeria is a real problem. the army in pakistan actually went in and cleared the area where kids weren't being vaccinated. virtually all the cases in pakistan -- literally the majority of all the cases in the in this one part of pakistan, the fact that the army we'lld it actually means have a bump-up in cases as those kids move around. gives us a chance to get in and have access. so we're optimistic, despite terrorist groups taking this on,
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expected.uldn't have against polio erad raition -- eradication, it seems wild that you'd pick that as something to against. the nonterrorist leaders have been our partners in trying to get the word out. a question right here. yourself.roduce routersa, thompson foundation. as you say s infrastructure is absolutely critical in getting diseases under control. are you rethinking how you're going to direct your funding in order to help build more primary health care systems? secondly, would you like to have an idea, when you think the resources have been thrown at ebola, that it might be realistic to see it under control? >> i don't think you'll get
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date.y to predict a it's hard, given that it could spread out to lore locations -- locations. that's got to be a big concern. getting all the surrounding ready so that if a few people show up there, there are treatment centers and getting peoplet into those treatment centers is the right thing for the patient for the community. because of that uncertainty, i'm hazard a guess. this month, the basic infrastructure in the three to get inis going place. the tent camps are going up fairly quickly. volunteering. so it's great to see the energy the next, well, 30 days, pieces will come into place. we do a lot on primary health care. we do, that weng focus on, which is about saving children's''s and
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is through primary health care. that's a deep specialty of our foundation. the outliars,at outlyers, you get less of your kids dying. there are countries like ghana that are ahead of that. like nigeria that are behind that. understanding how the good built and bringing that to those other countries, that's been a huge area of focus us. it's not so much the actual infrastructure. the building is not the hard part. it's training the workers, getting the supply chain, both of normal drugs and also the vaccines, and we can go through talkry by country and about how we're engaged in health those primary care systems up.
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and if we had that, you know, beenepidemic would have caught a month or two before it actually was. >> there's a strain of thought. questions overe here. >> yes. betsy williams. on that point a little bit, i think something lost is the gains that have been made in these very fragile health care systems. period just come from a of rebuilding. my question is, what investments parallel to the ebola response to restore those services and also ensure that system that exists after this is stronger and more resilient than the one that was in place? >> well, as i said, right in that region, you have ghana. setting up thee orchestration center in setting up this thing. a positive
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in fact, the amount of money some of the poor systems, like the nigerian system, is every bit as much as goes into the better systems. so understanding how you spend track the how you activity in those systems, we understand that fairly well. stop ebola, when it's just these three countries, populationing about of about 22 million people in the three countries -- building primary health care in those three countries should be fairly straightforward. very highbe a priority. as i said, more kids, even in will dieee countries, because the health system is fromdown than will die ebola, and so if you hesitate, even a few months, to get it so feel like, yes, i should go and do safe delivery or i and get malaria medicines or antibiotics for
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the --ia, that will be it will be very tragic, even though it's not as explosive, garnering the same type of attention that the ebola attract.emselves >> i think the senator has a question. >> thank you. thank you for doing this. you're a pretty good example of -- [inaudible] >> thank you for all you've done redefining philanthropy. i can't think of a better of you. thank you for your kind compliments about the congress. you may be the only person in town. just to add to your point, actually the house of representatives increased the for pep fire in their budget and bob corker told me that the senate will likely as well. so those -- it doesn't get much thate but those are things are being done in a positive way. in the year 2000, as you pointed the u.n. millennium goals,
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the eight identified, i'm wondering, looking at it from a management standpoint, and, again, you sort of addressed already,ome degree some of the rather vague in a sense, all very worthwhile but nonetheless there's vagueness to them. how do we score success in those and what management techniques can be brought together? signed on the that. and there is a tipping point in the u.s. in terms of what we can be successful at it. how do we draw other nations into this process behind the stand british and -- and british and the european to become much, more proactive in addressing these issues? >> that's a very timely because those goals essentially, although they were 2000,gether in the year they covered sort of the 25-year period. 1990 to so we had 15 years for the world really prioritize those
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activities. and the fact that they measurable, it was absolutely incredible. a whole will have only reduced about a little nearer half, and it is still we went from 12 million children dying, and by the time it is done, we will be under 6 million a year, and that is vaccines that were invented and funded by the united states, and in september of next year, there will be a new version adopted to cover the period 2015 and because these got a lot of focus, and they did drive acceleration, it was towards the
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end that they got the most progress there. the idea of what should these goals look like, and now because they got this ability, almost everyone is saying, hey, what about my goal? it will not be quite as sustained, but we will be finishing the unfinished development goals, so getting the death down under 4 million the year, and then our foundation's commitment is to go even beyond that. if you got it down to 2 million a year, you would have health equity, which is a chance dying in a poor country would be less than double that of a child dying in a rich country, and those kids can grow up and not be malnourished and contribute, get their countries to be self-sufficient, that is an , andng debate taking place
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what about into these causes? it is very important. and what we should have is more countries contributing, so your leverage would be very high. some very tough countries, like the democratic ali, and youcongo, m get the very toughest, the landlocked countries, yemen, haiti, afghanistan. they will be the ones we will be focused on, but this is the way this works. the coastal african countries, a lot of those will graduate over the next 10 years, and then the next 10 years will be about the very tough cases, but it is a very uplifting story that we have cut childhood death in half, and the congress has played a role there.
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the other donors have played a role, and the voters in all of these countries don't have a sense that that was generosity. all of the dollars spent by the more lives have been saved and improved per dollar, by a huge amount, by that part of the budget than the rest of it. now, it is not here in the u.s., so i am not saying we should go when spend the money over there. it is one of many, many priorities, but you get a measurable result. >> winky. senator dodd, there have been arguments about capital going into solving problems of young people in silicon valley. it is too hard to get a cab or set a thermostat. in your harvard commencement speech, you talked about having the best minds emitted to
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solving our worst problems, and you have said there is a gap there. >> the word as a role is educating more scientists, so the total iq going into solving cancer, creating ways of generating electricity without emitting co2, and coming up with vaccines for all of these diseases, we are getting more and more people participating, and the very tools of the digital revolution, the ability to share things on the internet and search large amounts of data, those tools are absolutely phenomenal, so looking at genetic data and figuring out why are people predisposed to this and what goes on with those diseases, and the research in our foundation could not be anywhere near as ambitious without the digital revolution and the huge funding for the nih, which has built up that level of scientific knowledge, yeah, there are some
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that are not focused on it. and that is ok. i think the balance is shifting away from them. go to siliconi valley and talk to people who have been successful there, i talk about a few of those technologies, like monitoring health, yes, it will be used for people to monitor their health, but we will take those same watches to clinics and monitoring the diseases. >> is that a healthwatch? >> no, that is a $10 watch. so even though the term trickle-down sounds bad, for a lot of things, getting the cell phones out, getting these networks set up, we are going to see huge benefits from that revolution, and that is another thing when you have this glum mood that people are in. they do not see that innovation is actually being faster today than ever before, both here in
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the u.s., in things like how we educate kids, and on these global health issues. >> there is a little bit of a fit bit crazy here in d.c. how do you feel about fit bit? devices,st-generation where the apple watch is a second generation, were eventually this ability to see how am i sleeping, is there anything going on with my heart rate or my calories that are of concern, we will be able to far, far health better. and it will be easy. you can have contests with your friends, so it is the beginning of a not -- of a phenomenon that is very positive. we have not talked about another one of your campaigns, which is a hitting campaign with warning buffett. is it harder to do that than it is to sell billionaires on the idea that they should give all of their money away? >> we are not saying to give it all away.
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they get to keep enough to do and the giving pledge is a group that has come together to learn from each , who have been very, very lucky with their success, giving a majority of their wealth away, and we have an increasing membership. now, and i27 right think we will get more and more people joining. i think the idea of giving smarter, giving earlier, giving even more generously, i do think that is catching on, and the u.s. is the envy of the world in this area, and i was in india last week at a philanthropy forum, with a lot of people talking about, yes, even though some things are even more troubling, the idea of philanthropist doing pilot
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programs, showing the government theyhings can be done -- are seeing the importance of philanthropy and thinking they want to develop that, strengthen that, and develop that's during -- same tradition, so rise.thropy is on the whether it is the tech sector or the finance sector. we have people coming and helping us recruit more people, and the idea of being smart. it is kind of a world of its own. it does not have the same feedback of profit and loss, so i will spend tomorrow in new york city, and the whole afternoon is talking about measuring. does it work? what can you expect out of a well done measurement system? >> i imagine this is a competitive group. >> when you get into philanthropy, you are not competing in quite the same way that you do in the private sector.
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talking aboute giving, all politics is local, and in interview with rolling stone, you said you do not give a lot of political contributions. why not? onsomebody gives one million one side, and somebody gives one million on the other side, that is $2 million that could go to a great charter school or inventing vaccines or rolling things out, so i don't -- i just pour money into that type of vehicle. i do normal kind of contributions, particularly for people who are going over to africa and help piloting global health, and that has tended to be pretty bipartisan in nature because of the coalition that exists around these global health issues, but i don't think my backing, putting a lot of isey into the contributions
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a way i'm going to try to help improve the world. super pac's can -- >> they know not to call me. me, becausebother once you set the precedent that that is not your game, you go elsewhere. >> but you are supporting several causes that have become lyrical lightning rods, whether your support for education reform or gun control initiatives, for example. see an increasing polarization on those issues? those are issues you personally care about, even if you are not engaging in traditional campaign contributions. me,ell, common core is, to kidsy basic idea that should be taught what they're going to be tested on and that we should have grade curriculum material.
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core, whaton existed, where 50 states were all different, and many of them were not teaching kids what they would end up being tested on, it was so low quality compared to other countries, particularly the asian countries. textbooksour math were twice the size of asian textbooks, so the kids were carrying around these extra heavy textbooks, and if you want them to be in to mandated by map, give them a super heavy textbooks, and the asians have a textbook about this thick, and getting far, far better results, so common core i would think was more of a 10 ofatic issue, the basic idea should be share in the medical plug across the country. you could get partisan about that -- should we share an electrical plug across the country. should they teach multiplication
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in a different way. is brilliant. who came up with that idea? common core, the idea of what you should know at various grades, that that should be well structured, you should really can build on that. i do not expect that to become a .ig political issue fortunately, it is moving ahead, but there has been a lot of misinformation, and the federal government wrote this thing, or something like that, so you never know what is going to become political. >> a question over here. sir? >> with civils the role of leadership and ngo's in west africa? >> well, ngo's are absolutely fundamental in those countries, and there are a lot of cases where those countries have not been able to invest in some of
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these cases because of civil war. a lot of the ngo's, including some of the catholic related ones, philanthropist that have been coming in and funding groups there, a lot of the capacity that exists, from those ngo's. now, over time, we would like to ngo's.the reliance on if you look at ethiopia and uganda, they got the ngo's, and they have got one supply chain measurement, one system, so, in there,go's are still that it is all part of one system. the hospitals, the primary care systems, they were mostly ngo related, and as we stitch it back together, you do want to but an overall system, anyone who gives to those ngo's,
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they should feel great about the capability that that absolutely put in place. even in nigeria, where we do see good health care. it is often the model of the ngo that allows them to work as well as it does. >> figuring out your question. you said,interview, does privilege corrupt, and you said, it is easy to get spoiled by things that alienate you from what is important. how do you personally resist? >> well, if success corrupts, i am probably rhythmically -- pretty corrupted and cannot even recognize it. you know, our foundation looks at picking goals, like childhood death, childhood nutrition, kids that get a four year degree that is a high-quality degree, and we
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try to brand ourselves by working on problems like that and seeing how tough it is, we try to get out in the field a lot to see where things are and hear from teachers about education, sit down with students, and we get to do some of that later this week. so, you know, i am a spoiled in the types of interesting problems i get to work on and who i get to learn from, so i try to give back a little bit because it is so much fun to work on these problems. >> one of the ways that you stay grounded is talking to young entrepreneurs. what do you look for? everyone wants to pitch you. what do you look for in a young entrepreneur and a business plan? pitches are about a product that has essentially already been done. the idea of finding something
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that hasn't been done, that is what is tough, so either a breakthrough in understanding behavior, a breakthrough in understanding something you can scientifically, because computation has gotten so much more powerful. a lot of things were not done in the fast because computers were too slow, but now, the sky is the limit. being able to see what is going on, being able to understand speech, being able to take massive amounts of data and the possibilities are incredible, and the start of the want to see are people who have identified what can be done now that has not been done yet, and how will they maneuver quickly enough that the incumbents who have the benefit of scale and brand and field presence are not going to go and capture that opportunity. a lot of innovation is actually
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done once companies are founded. the most daunting is, oh, i have started a new company. that is great. it is a very important element, but it is once the company that has gone going, and they are , and evenp v2, v3 more of the advance comes through that piece, so the entrepreneur who can carry bringing other talent as things scale up, that is often more scarce than even the good idea. orwe have time for just one two more quick ones. >> go ahead. >> an avid playbook reader and pc fan. two things. can you comment on the importance of the primary point of care data that the gates foundation is working on, with your programs, in particular, and second of all, it is no secret that your foundation is
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changing the world of philanthropy. it is moving the needle in a way we have not seen before. how do you engage the next generation of americans to really care, to move into that? you have a whole room full of people that can go and change that. how is your foundation doing that? >> philanthropy is about emotional connection, taking your caring about the world and what your impact on it is and finding something that you really care a lot about, and so you can't really orchestrate what it is that people find. and to make sure they get lots of exposure. in the community, they are seeing the social service and they are not just seeing the tourist part of it. sure people find it a little confusing in terms of what should be picked. i did.
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eventually, you really just have to pick, and you might not pick the most important thing, and then you're going to get expertise. you're going to develop metrics around it. you may depending on it pick staff or partners that you want to go after it with, and then you have no choice, so hours with infectious diseases, melinda and i in our lifetime want to see that largely ended as a problem, so we are going to stick to that as the primary cause. data, what is missing might seem basic. do all of the kids get vaccinated? of the kids that are dying, were samples taken so you can find out if there's something new going on with diarrhea or pneumonia that has not been detected question mark do we need a new antibiotic? does the vaccine have to change?
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this basic feedback. are the workers doing their job? were the supplies there for them? trainedy properly question mark and we see the disease burden there. a lot of the measurement systems have been so macro that you get the data three years later, and that does not help you say, oh, the workers are not showing up in this area. what we need at worst is quarterly data from the health care center and know what is going on there, and that is where cell phones, digital systems, cameras, the ability to do very inexpensive data-gathering is going to enable us to see the performance of these systems. india with melinda going through the primary health care systems, that is a place where we have done pilot
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rollouts of the digital tracking, so nobody forgets who is going to remind his mother about the vaccination. if she does not follow-up, who is going to make sure? systems havee new very low cost, not much complexity. you should be able to raise performance, and so it is not just this huge level, macro, but it really is that one center that you know what is happening or not happening. >> who is a leader in washington that you admire? >> a leader in washington that i admire. >> it is not a trick. the think on education, president and arne duncan have brought a lot. in educationole k-12 is not the central role, but having raced to the top and
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having visibility, what charter schools have done, how they can be expanded, taking the test data that came out of no child left behind, which really did -- it was bad news, because it showed us how poorly the interest -- intercity was doing, so no child left behind was an advance. now, nobody wanted to deal with all of that bad news. it was, please, stop telling us that. can we set the data source off? so let's find some positive things. let's get behind them. teachers, and in some areas getting kids into more charter schools. positive changes in k-12, and that take leadership.
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nonpartisan. you recently had a conversation with rand paul. what did you think? >> the idea that we need to be better, that we need to bring higher-quality, that we need to understand what we need to get done. some of these global institutions, including some of the u.n. institutions, are not run as well as we would like area now, the question is, do we engage in doing that, or do we disengage? that is where refine find a different point of view. >> and at the end, we have a little fun, where we have the hook. reading?you
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>> i just started as henry kissinger book called "world or der," which is really good. what is the paradigm that brings the world together? do we have any shared ideas, or do we have a pragmatic view? i found that very enlightening. the author ofith capital in the 21st century, thomas, and with some things i iree with them, some things did not agree with him, and that is a very important set of topics. call you? >> i called him. i am writing a book review of the book, and it was important. eshave a website called gat
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notes. something, iad generally write a review. >> you said one thing that was met with a little skepticism. you have said you read every word of the economist every week. do you still do? have already read it this week. i am feeling very virtuous. [laughter] in terms of fun, the most fun book i have read was this one called the rosie project, and actually, the sequel called the rosie effect will be, not in the u.s. i think in about two or three months. a brilliant book. you find yourself laughing out loud. the reason i had to read it is that my wife was laughing out loud so much while reading it, so i thought there had to be something good in there.
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>> where did you go? >> we went to austria. my wife turned 50, so we did a sound of music themed event, and we had on leader is in -- lederh osen. >> and there is always the good stuff in the last five minutes. right, penultimate question. you are a big tennis player. give us one tennis tip. >> it is a full body swaying. it is not just your arm. strength is key. >> and last question. you eat a lot of burgers. why are you a birder -- burger addict? >> i don't know. they are easy to eat. you can go pretty much anywhere in the world and get a decent burger. india may not be the best place. [laughter] >> cheese or no cheese?
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where? >> i know all of the ones in seattle, and there is one there called, but burger king, those are pretty good. you cannot grow up better than that. sure whatw, i am not to say except thank you very much. this has been a terrific and wide ranging conversation. thank you very much. i am especially grateful to bank of america, our partner on this, and to all of you for coming out to inaugurate this new series. and you can come to our website .com and recount this conversation. thank you very much. [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2014] [captioning performed by national captioning institute] c-span, israeli prime minister benjamin
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netanyahu, and speaking at the united nations general assembly. and later, deputy secretary of state william burns talks about u.s. middle east policy. nextg up on the "washington journal," u.s. efforts against isis. then, a look at the 2014 midterm elections, with representative donna edwards of maryland. and later, our series looking at the big ten conference about ohio university with the executive provost. liveington journal" is every morning at 7:00 a.m. eastern, and you can join the conversation on facebook and twitter. tuesday, a look at secret service operations and procedures. the agency director testifies before the house oversight committee after security breaches at the white house.
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live coverage starts at 10:00 a.m. eastern here on c-span. >> here are just a few of the comments we recently received from our viewers. >> i just finished watching "q&a " and i think the fanciest wasg about the whole our about the daughter of the methodist minister. i have been a methodist for years, many years, you have just got to wonder, what in the heck is the methodist church in the south like, and how did -- i wonder what her hair and are, and how did she -- i heard the whole our. where she is. wanted to first start
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off by allowing c-span2 know that i do not watch any other channel on my cable election c-span this, and your ability to keep it mixed up and lively. around international viewpoints. >> i just watched what you thought about the global warming show. i would like to say it would be nice if c-span would hold people accountable for the non-facts. everybody minds at ease about trying to explain this if you would put the picture of the huge trash swirl in the pacific ocean right now. it is the size of texas. if c-span put the information out there.
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when you do your reading, put the pictures up also because that would've ended anybody's denial. theave a big trash swirl size of texas and i heard it is 90 miles deep. i don't know how wide it is. you need to put that on. >> continue to let us know what you think about the programs you are watching. you can e-mail us or send us a tweet. join the c-span conversation, like us on facebook, follow us on twitter. wheelchair can move faster than traffic and some roads in texas. billions to new road construction without raising taxes, fees oracle. we pay for it by ensuring the money paid for roads are spent only on roads. no more taking highway funds by the legislature to pay for their
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pet projects. elect me and that will get taxes moving. -- texas moving. >> greg abbott made the case against our children. he fought for $5 billion in cuts to education made by his insider buddies. now, his proposal giving standardized test to four-year-olds. wendy davis will reduce the number of satirizes tests for kids across the board. she will cut bureaucratic waste. you decide. who will be best for texas? >> wendy davis is embroiled in scandal yet again. as a state senator, she used her influence and then voted on bills to help her own law firm. davis profited from her day job while voting and twisting arms in the senate. she cross for potential to real conflict of interest.
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her legal work is part of an open fbi investigation. wendy davis, unethical behavior, unfit to be governor. >> he was a texas surgeon performing operations will reportedly using cocaine. two patients died, others were paralyzed. doctors spoke out of the hospital did nothing to stop them. families and victims sue the hospital and weeks after excepting a quarter million dollar campaign contribution from the hospital chairman, greg abbott got involved. using his office to go to court against the victims. greg abbott, another insider not working for you. you can seeight, the second and final debate between the candidates for texas governor. debatet wendy davis will republican greg abbott at 9:00 eastern on c-span. israeli prime minister benjamin
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netanyahu spoke to the u.n. general assembly monday comparing hamas to the terrorist group isis and criticizing remarks made to the body by the iranian president. his speech is 35 minutes. >> [indiscernible] >> thank you, mr. president. distinguished delegates, i come here from jerusalem to speak on behalf of my people, the people of israel. i have come here to speak about the dangers we face and about
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the opportunities we see. i have come here to expose the brazen lies spoken from this very podium against my country and against the brave soldiers who defend it. ladies and gentlemen, the people of israel pray for peace. our hopes and the world's hopes for peace are in danger because everywhere we look militant islam is on the march. it is not militants, it is not islam, it is militant islam. typically, its first victims are other muslims, but it spares no one. christians, jews, yazidis, kurds
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-- no creed, no faith, no ethnic group is beyond its sights. it is rapidly spreading in all parts of the world. you know the famous american saying -- "all politics is local." for the militant islamists, all politics is global because their ultimate goal is to dominate the world. that threat might seem exaggerated to some since it starts out small like a cancer that attacks a particular part of the body. left unchecked, the cancer grows, metastasizing over wider and wider areas.
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to protect the peace and security of the world, we must remove this cancer before it is too late. last week, many of the countries represented here applauded president obama for leading the effort to confront isis. weeks before, some of these same countries, the same countries that now support confronting isis opposed israel for confronting hamas. they evidently do not understand that isis and hamas are branches of the same poisonous tree. isis and hamas share a creed which they both seek to impose well beyond the territory under their control.
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listen to what isis self-declared -- this is what he said. "a day will soon come when the muslim will walk everywhere as a master. the muslims will cause the world to hear and understand the meaning of terrorism and destroy the idle of democracy." listen to the leader of hamas. he proclaims a similar vision to the future. we say this to the west -- "by allah, you will be defeated. tomorrow, our nation will sit on the throne of the world." as hamas' charter makes clear, their immediate goal is to destroy israel, but hamas has a broader objective. they also want a caliphate. hamas shares the global ambitions of its fellow militant islamists.
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that is why its supporters wildly cheered in the streets of gaza as thousands of americans were murdered in 9/11. that's why its leaders condemn the united states for killing osama bin laden who they praised as a holy warrior. when it comes to their ultimate goals, hamas is isis and isis is hamas. what they share in common all militant islamists share in common. in nigeria, in somalia, in lebanon, in syria, in iraq, and the branches in yemen, libya, the philippines, india and elsewhere. some are radical sunnis. some are radical shiites. some want to restore the pre-medieval caliphate from the seventh century.
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others want to trigger the apocalyptic return from the ninth century. they operate in different lands. they target different victims. they even kill each other in their battle for supremacy. but, they all share a fanatic ideology. they all seek to create ever-expanding enclaves of militant islam where there is no freedom and no tolerance. where women are treated as cattle, christians are decimated, minorities are subjugated sometimes given the choice of converting or dying. for them, anyone can be considered an infidel, including fellow muslims. ladies and gentlemen, militant islam's ambition to dominate the world seems mad, but so too did
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the global ambitions of another fanatic ideology that came into power eight decades ago. the nazis believed in a master race. the militants believe in a master faith. they just disagree who among them will be the master of the master faith. that is what they truly disagree about. therefore, the question before us is whether militant islam will have the power to realize its unbridled ambitions. there is one place where that could soon happen. the islamic state of iran. for 35 years, iran has relentlessly pursued the global mission which was set forth by
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its founding ruler in these words -- "we will export our revolution to the entire world until the cry there is no god but allah will echo around the world over." ever since, the regime's brutal enforcers, iran's revolutionary guards have done exactly that. listen to its current commander. he clearly stated his goal. he said, "it did not limit the islamic revolution to this country. our duty is to prepare for the way for an islamic world government." iran's president stood here last week and shed crocodile tears
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over what he called the globalization of terrorism. maybe he should spare us those phony tears and have a word instead with the commanders of iran's revolutionary guards. he could ask them to call off the global attempts which has included attacks in two dozen countries on five continents since 2011 alone. to say that iran does not practice terrorism is like saying derek jeter never played shortstop for the new york yankees. this is bemoaning by the iranian president of the spread of terrorism has got to be one of history's greatest displays of double talk. now, some argue that iran's
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global terror campaign, it's sub version of countries throughout the middle east and beyond -- some argue this is the work of the extremists. they say -- they point to last year's election in iran. they claim that iran's smooth-talking president and foreign minister -- they have changed not only the tone of iran's foreign policy but also its substance. they believe they want to reconcile with the west, that they have abandoned the global mission of the islamic revolution. really? let's look at what the foreign minister wrote in his book just a few years ago. "we have a fundamental problem with the west and especially with america. this is because we are heirs to a global mission which is tied
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to our detriment. a global mission which is tied to our very reason for being." he asks a question, an interesting one. he says, how come malaysia -- he is referring to an overwhelmingly muslim country -- how come malaysia does not have similar problems? he answers -- because malaysia is not trying to change the international order. that is your moderate. do not be fooled by iran's manipulative charm defenses. it is designed for one purpose only. to lift the sanctions and remove the obstacles to iran's path to the bomb. the islamic republic is now trying to bamboozle its way into
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an agreement that will remove the sanctions it still faces and leave it with a capacity of thousands of refugees -- centrifuges to enrich uranium. this would effectively cement iran's place as a threshold military nuclear power. in the future, in the time of its choosing, iran, the world's most dangerous regime in the world's most dangerous region would obtain the world's most dangerous weapons. allowing that to happen would pose the gravest threats to us all. it is one thing to confront militant islamists on pickup trucks armed with rifles. it is another thing to confront militant islamists armed with weapons of mass destruction.
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i remember everyone here last year was concerned about the chemical weapons in syria, including the possibility they would fall into the hands of terrorists. while that did not happen and president obama deserves great credit for leading the diplomatic efforts to dismantle virtually all of syria's chemical weapons capability, imagine how much more dangerous the islamic state, isis, would be if it possessed chemical weapons. now imagine how much more dangerous the islamic state of iran would be if it possessed nuclear weapons. ladies and gentlemen, would you let isis enrich uranium? would you let isis build a heavy water reactor? would you let isis develop intercontinental ballistic missiles? of course, you wouldn't.
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then, you must not let the islamic state of iran do those things either because this is what will happen -- once iran produces atomic bombs, all the charms and all the smiles will suddenly disappear, they will vanish. it is then that the ayatollahs will show their true face and unleash their aggressive fanaticism on the entire world. there is only one responsible course of action to address this threat. iran's nuclear military capabilities must be fully dismantled. [applause]
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make no mistake, isis must be defeated. but, to defeat isis and leave iran as a threshold nuclear power is to win the battle and lose the war. [applause] to defeat isis and leave iran as a threshold nuclear power is to win the battle and lose the war. ladies and gentlemen, the fight against militant islam is indivisible. when militant islam succeeds anywhere, it is emboldened everywhere. when it suffers a blow in one place, it is set back in every place. that is why israel's fight against hamas is not just our fight, it is your fight. israel is fighting a fanaticism
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today that your countries may be forced to fight tomorrow. for 50 days this past summer, hamas fired thousands of rockets at israel. many of them supplied by iran. i want you to think about what your countries would do if thousands of rockets were fired at your cities. imagine millions of your citizens having seconds at most to scramble to bomb shelters day after day. you would not let terrorists fire rockets at your cities with impunity nor would you let terrorists did dozens of tunnels under your borders to infiltrate your towns in order to murder and kidnap your citizens. israel justly defended itself against both rocket attacks and terror tunnels. [applause]
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yet, israel faced another challenge. we faced a propaganda war because in an attempt to win the world's sympathy, hamas cynically used palestinian civilians as human shields. it used schools, not just schools, u.n. schools, private homes, mosques, even hospitals to store and fire rockets at israel. as israel surgically struck at the rocket launches and the tunnels, palestinian civilians were tragically but unintentionally killed. there are heart-wrenching images. these fueled libelous charges that israel was deliberately targeting civilians. we were not. we deeply regret every single civilian casualty.
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the truth is this -- israel was doing everything to minimize palestinian civilian casualties. hamas was doing everything to maximize that. israel dropped flyers, made phone calls, sent text messages, broadcast warnings in arabic on palestinian television to enable palestinian civilians to evacuate targeted areas. no other country and no other army in history has gone to greater lengths to avoid casualties among the civilian population of their enemy. [applause] this concern for palestinian lives was all the more remarkable given that israeli civilians were being bombarded by rockets day after day, night after night.
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as their families were being rocketed by hamas, israel's citizen army, the brave soldiers, our young boys and girls, they upheld the highest moral values of any army in the world. [applause] israel's soldiers deserve not condemnation but admiration, admiration from decent people everywhere. [applause] here is what hamas did. hamas embedded its missile batteries in residential areas and told palestinians to ignore israel's warnings. just in case people did not get the message, they executed palestinian civilians in gaza who dared to protest.
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no less reprehensible -- hamas deliberately placed its rockets where palestinian children lived and played. let me show you a photograph. that was taken by a france 24 crew during the recent conflict. it shows two hamas rocket launchers which were used to attack us. you can see three children playing next to them. hamas deliberately put its rockets in hundreds of residential areas like this. hundreds of them. ladies and gentlemen, this is a war crime. i say to the president, these are the crimes, the war crimes committed by your hamas partners and the national unity
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government which you head and you are responsible for. these are the real war crimes you should've investigated or spoken out against from this podium last week. [applause] ladies and gentlemen, as israel's children huddle in bomb shelters and israel's iron dome defense knocked the rockets out of the sky, a profound moral difference between israel and hamas could not have been clearer. israel was using its missiles to protect its children. hamas was using its children to protect its missiles. [applause] by investigating israel rather than hamas for war crimes, the u.n. human rights council has betrayed its mission to protect the innocent.
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in fact, what it is doing is to turn the laws of war upside down. israel which took unprecedented steps to minimize civilian casualties, israel is condemned. hamas which both targeted and hid behind civilians, a double war crime, hamas is given a pass. the human rights council is sending a clear message to terrorists everywhere. use civilians as a human shield. use them again and again and again. you know why? because, sadly, it works. by granting international legitimacy to the use of human shields, the u.n. human rights council has thus become a terrorist rights council. it will have repercussions. it probably already has. about the use of civilians as human shields. it is not just our interests,
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our values that are under attack. it is your interests and your values. ladies and gentlemen, we live in a world with tyranny and terror. gays are hanged in tehran. political prisoners in gaza. young girls abducted in nigeria and hundreds of thousands butchered in syria and iraq. yet, nearly half of the u.n. human rights council's resolutions focusing on a single country have been directed against israel, the one true democracy in the middle east. israel where issues are openly debated in the parliament. where human rights are protected by independent courts and where women, gays, and minorities live in a genuinely free society.
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the u.n. human rights -- it is an oxymoron. i will use it just the same. the council's bias treatment of israel is only one manifestation of the return of one of the world's oldest prejudices. we hear mobs today in europe call for the gassing of jews. we hear some national leaders compare israel to the nazis. this is not a function of israel's policies, it is a function of diseased minds. that disease has a name. it is called anti-semitism. it is now spreading in polite society where it masquerades as legitimate criticism of israel. for centuries, the jewish people have been demonized with charges
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of deicide. today, the jewish state is demonized with the apartheid libel. and charges of genocide. genocide. in what moral universe does genocide include warning the enemy civilian population to get out of harms way or ensuring that they receive tons of humanitarian aid each day even as thousands of rockets are being fired at us. or setting up a field hospital to aid their wounded? it's the moral same universe where a man who wrote a dissertation of lies about the holocaust and who insists on a palestine free of jews can stand at this podium and shamelessly accuse israel of genocide and ethnic cleansing.
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in the past, outrageous lies against the jews was the precursors to the whole slaughter of our people. no more. today, the jewish people have the power to defend ourselves. we will defend ourselves against our enemies on the battlefield. we will expose their lies against us in the court of public opinion. israel will continue to stand proud and unbowed. [applause] ladies and gentlemen, despite the enormous challenges facing israel, i believe we have a historic opportunity. after decades of seeing israel as their enemy, leading states in the arab world increasingly
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recognize that together we and they face many of the same dangers and principally this means a nuclear-armed iran and militant islamists movements gaining ground in the sunni world. our challenges to transform these common interests, to create a productive partnership, one that would build a more secure, peaceful and prosperous middle east. together we can strengthen regional security, we can advance projects of water and agriculture and transportation and health and energy and so many fields. i believe a partnership between us can also help facilitate peace between israel and the palestinians. now, many have long assumed that an israeli-palestinian peace can
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help facilitate a broader partnership between israel and the arab world. these days, i think it may work the other way around. mainly, a broader partnership between israel and the arab world would help facilitate an israeli-palestinian peace. therefore, to achieve that peace, we must look not only to jerusalem and ramallah but also to cairo, abu dhabi and elsewhere. i believe peace can be realized with the active involvement of arab countries, those that are willing to provide political, material and other indispensable support. i am ready to make a historic compromise. not because israel occupies a foreign land.
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the people of israel are not occupiers in the land of israel. history, archaeology and common sense all make clear that we have had a singular attachment to this land for over 3000 years. i want peace because i want to create a better future for my people. it must be a genuine peace. one that is anchored in mutual recognition and enduring security arrangements, rocksolid security arrangements on the ground. israel withdraws from lebanon and gaza created enclaves on our borders for which tens of thousands of rockets have been fired at israel. these sobering experiences heightens israel's security
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concerns regarding concessions in the future. those security concerns are even greater today. just look around you. the middle east is in chaos. states are disintegrating. militant islamists are filling the void. israel cannot have territories for which it withdraws taken over by islamic militants yet again as happened in gaza and lebanon. that would place the likes of isis within a few miles of 80% of our population. think about that. the distance between the 1967 lines and the suburbs of tel aviv is like the distance between the u.n. building here and times square. israel is a tiny country. that is why in any peace agreement that would obviously
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necessitate a territorial compromise, i will always insist that israel be able to defend itself by itself against any threat. [applause] yet, despite everything that has happened, some still do not take israel's security concerns seriously. i do and i always will. [applause] because, as prime minister of israel, i am entrusted with the responsibility of ensuring the future of the jewish people and the future of the jewish state. no matter what pressure is brought to bear, i will never waver in fulfilling that responsibility. [applause] i believe with a fresh approach
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from our neighbors, we can advance peace despite the difficulties we face. in israel, we have a record of making the impossible possible. we have made a desolate land flourish. with very few natural resources, we have used the fertile minds of our people to turn israel into a global center of technology and innovation. peace would enable israel to realize its full potential and to bring a promising future not only for our people, not only for the palestinian people, but for many, many others in our region. the old template for peace must be updated. it must take into account new realities and new roles and responsibilities for our arab neighbors. ladies and gentlemen, there is a new middle east. it presents new dangers but also
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new opportunities. israel's prepared to work with arab partners and the international community to confront those dangers and to seize those opportunities. together we must recognize the global threat of militant islam. dismantling iran's nuclear weapons capabilities and the indispensable role of arab states in advancing peace with the palestinians. all of this may fly in the face of conventional wisdom but it is the truth. the truth must always be spoken, especially here in the united nations. [applause] isaiah, a great prophet of peace, taught us nearly 3000 years ago in jerusalem to speak truth to power.
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[speaking hebrew] for the sake of zion, i will not be silent. for the sake of jerusalem, i will not be still. until the justice shines bright and our salvation glows like a flaming torch. ladies and gentlemen, let us light a torch of truth and justice to safeguard our common future. thank you. [applause] >> the israeli prime minister had remarks about the radiant
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president -- the uranium president's remarks. you can watch those remarks on the syrian deputy prime minister also spoke to the u.n. general assembly. this is 20 minutes. >> mr. president, i would like to congratulate you and your friendly countries on your election as president of the general assembly in its current session and wish you success in leading the work of the session for the enhancement of the role of the general assembly.
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i thank your predecessor mr. john ashe for his presidency of the previous session. mr. president, many events and significant transformations have taken place since i stood here last year. they survived many of the countries present here today but not us because we have been over the past three and a half years warning and reiterating our warnings so that we don't reach this stage we have reached now. about economics and the political crises that we have been waiting from the international committee to solve. clearly. but maybe speaking about these issues now is no longer a priority. what we are witnessing for a few months is far more dangerous than all the political and economic crises which have
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happened in the world. we have spoken in more than one occasion and more than one forum of the danger and risk of terrorism which is striking syria. this terrorism will not be confined within the borders of my country because terrorism has no borders. this extremist ideology does not acknowledge anything but itself and does not recognize anything but slaughter, murder, and torture. we are witnessing today, ladies and gentlemen, you can witness the -- what isis is doing, which is the most dangerous organization unrivaled in the whole world in terms of funding and brutality. what it's doing to civilians and iraqis of all religions, they enslave girls, they sell them in slave markets.
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they cut heads and limbs. they teach children slaughter and murder and destroy historical and cultural monuments as well as islamic and christian symbols. all of this is happening before the eyes of the entire world that is being witnessed in all things when they say they're fighting terrorism even though they have not tasted the scourge of terrorism themselves. today i stand here to ask, ladies and gentlemen, hasn't the time come for all of us to stand as one in the face of the serious menace of terrorist ideology worldwide? has not the moment of truth arrived for us all to admit that isis and al nusra and the rest of al qaeda affiliates will not be limited within the borders of syria and iraq but will spread to every spot that it can reach starting with europe and
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america? should we not learn the lesson from what happened and bring together an international effort to stand in the face of those organizations in the same way that those organizations have brought them from all corners of the month and to train and arm redistribute their ideology and terrorism through those extremists back to whatever they came from. some might say a solution was to stop the expansion of the organization, other organizations, and to eliminate them. ladies and gentlemen, it is expected to -- it is true it is better to arrive late than to never arrive. indeed, the resolution adopted
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15th of august, came too late. but when everyone is serious to implement it, but since its adoption we have not seen any serious move to implement the resolution. we have not felt any real sense of danger to work on the regional states and still provide all support to the terrorist organizations. on the contrary, what we have witnessed is a practice of double standard and alliances to score particular agendas particularly supporting them with money, weapons, and training for these groups. this is a real recipe for the increase of violence and terrorism and bloodshed, civilian bloodshed and
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prolonging the civilian crisis and demolishing the resolution. it is the growth to make the most against the crimes on syrian territory which requires all of us to seriously and effectively eradicate the terrorism in order to establish security and stability in syria and the region. the enslaved women are looking forward to us to see what we will do for them, their sisters, their children, sons and daughters of the victims beheaded by isis are waiting for our actions. and what we will do in the face of these atrocities committed daily by the organizations al nusra and others.
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ladies and gentlemen, combating terrorism cannot be done through unimplemented u.n. resolutions. the intentions here have no place. fighting terrorism is achievable through actual implementation of the resolution and but most importantly to stop the state, to arm, support, train, fund, and smuggle arms for those terrorist groups. we have also to drain the resources of terrorism. fighting terrorism militarily which some states are continuing to do, this will cause a whirl pool of which the international community will not exit. military attacks should go inside with the implementation of security council 2178 adopted
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on september 24th, 2014. under chapter 7. we have multifaceted support. these countries are well known to all of us. most importantly, to pressurize those countries that exported and are exporting this extremist ideology that poses a great danger. isis is an ideology which is from an organization armed and trained in order to be unleashed like a monster against syria, iraq, and lebanon. let us together stop this ideology and exert pressure on the countries -- they exert the united states to stop support of against the armed terrorist groups. only then will it become a viable process.
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otherwise our presence here will not abound to the level of helping the captives, enslaved women, the children who fell victim to isis and others. once again, the syrian republic reit rates that it stands with any international effort aimed at stopping and combating terrorism and this must be done in full roo respect of the lives of innocent civilians and within the frame of full respect for national sovereignty and conformity with international convention. at the same time, the syrian army would like to thank all the countries which refused and rejected any prejudice to the sovereignty of other countries and the respect of the international resolution. it is high time, ladies and
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gentlemen, that we gather all our efforts against the terrorism since imminent danger is surrounding everyone and there is no country that is immune to it. my country is firm in its position that was allowed in the last century regarding fighting terrorism before it becomes rampant. we respect our commitment and honor our promss and pledges. this was what we confirmed on more than one occasion, particularly since the beginning of the crisis in syria. syria agreed unconditionally to attention to and participated in the deliberations with an open mind though we are convinced of the solution, the crisis should be with the ones taking place in turkey. as a good will gesture and to stop bloodshed of syrian blood
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we went and found negotiations that had no influence at all on the ground in syria and has neither popularity nor legitimacy among the syrian people. the delegation negotiating with the sitting government was following -- a delegation that does not believe in combating terrorism or confronting it. furthermore it was litigation that does not respect sovereignty and verbally refuses to ask the groups to end their activity. we know this op position and delegation will not stop anyone nor any syrian faction on the ground. we went to geneva with the priority based on combat batting terrorism because we believed and continue to believe that you cannot start any political solution while terrorism is still rampant in syria.
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there were some who opposed us in geneva as a priority though it is a paramount thought of the geneva declaration provision. but the so-called coalition continued to reject any point tackling terrorism. now the whole international community adopting our perspective, our view that fighting terrorism is a priority above all priorities and that nothing at all could be done as long as terrorism is brutally fighting against everything that comes in its way. and as long as those terrorists will return to the countries where its members originally came from. once again, we emphasize that we are -- we stand ready and even striving for a political solution in syria and in dialogue with
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all honorable national opposition members opposing terrorism in syria and among syrians themselves and on syrian territory. mr. president, the election that took place in full sight of the world puts everyone steadfastly before their responsibilities. the will of the syrians is above all those who tried to suppress it for more than three years. and it was inside syria and outside syria, for the whole universe to hear. now, after the presidential election, we'd like to tell everyone that those who look forward to a political solution in syria, they must first respect the syrian people's will, which was manifested explicitly, clearly, soundly, and most loudly.
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they chose a president for the first time in syrian's history in multi party elections with international monitors from several countries that witnessed the integrity, transparency, and the enthusiasm of the people to participate in these elections. mr. president, i would like to emphasize that the syrian people have made their choice. those who want to speak on behalf of the people must first be a representative of the people and secondly should respect the will of the syrian people and their decisions. any dialogue must be based on the foundation that should respect the will of the syrian people and their decisions. accordingly, we are open to a political solution in syria. but the real opposition that seeks the prosperity, security, of syria, and a position that does not depend on the outside and does not speak on behalf of
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what's going on in -- that will impact the syrian territory, not in western capitals. a national position that upholds fighting terrorism as its priority as well as encouraging the ongoing local affiliation effort paving the way for the success of the political solution. mr. president, the continuation of terrorist attacks in syria, the humanitarian needs increased in many of the basic areas. the inhuman sanctions imposed by the european union and the united states aggravated the living conditions of syrian civilians. at the same time, in collaboration with the united my government within the framework of the response plans
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and agreed upon them with the syrian government. my government is meeting basic needs according to the plan agreed with syria to satisfy the basic needs of the citizens especially those forced by terror attacks to flee their homes. we should note that a great number of these people were forced to resort to some labor and some of these countries put the displaced syrians in military training camps, places of detention in order to get them to bear arms. i said from this platform that the syrian state guarantees for those citizens that for those citizens who are willing, a safe return and getting away from the inhumane conditions they have suffered in those camps. i would like to assure you the syrian government will exert all
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effort to deliver aid from international organizations to all syrian citizens without any discrimination whatsoever wherever they are and within the framework of respecting national sancht. the syrian arab republic confirms its adherence to full restoration of syrians to land in 1967. also the rejection of all actions taken by israel, the occupying power, to change its natural demographic -- in clear violation of the resolutions in particular resolutions 497 of 1981 and 465 of 1980. syria confirms also that the palestinian issue is a central
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issue of the syrian people which supports the inalienable and legitimate rights of the palestinian people, particularly to return and self-determination and to establish an independent state on its land with jerusalem as its capital. last september, syria accepted the initiative of the president of the russian federation, his excellency vladimir putin, and joined the convention of the prohibition of chemical weapons based on the establishment in the middle east, a free zone of all nuclear weapons, and all weapons of mass destruction. it also wanted to prove to the whole world its commitment to stand firm against any use of chemical weapons. syria can prove its obligation resulting from the convention and completed its commitment despite the prevailing hard conditions.
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were it not for the syrian cooperation with the u.n. opcw joint mission, it would have not been possible to complete the tasks of the mission. the special -- she expressed her happiness and gratitude for the fruitful and constructive cooperation of the syrian government which led to the completion of this unprecedented work. syria is committed to the full implementation of the provisions of the convention and within the framework of the opcw. as a party to this convention, however, the big question remains whether those who are supplying the terrorists with these weapons and other types of weapons, will they stop their actions and abide by international law? especially the convention of the prohibition of chemical weapons and security council
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resolution related to terrorism. mr. president, syria stresses that establishing a zone free from all weapons of mass destruction is unachievable with the ack session of israel, the only nuclear power in the region to all treaties banning such, the proliferation of such weapons and to put its nuclear facilities under supervision with the national atomic energy agency. at the same time, we support the right of all countries to acquire and develop nuclear technology for peaceful means, for peaceful uses. mr. president, in closing, unilateral coercion, economic measures by the united states and the european union contradict the rules of international law and the principle of free trade. on this basis, we call for the lifting of the blocking imposed
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by the united states against cuba. and we renew our call to lift all the unilateral coercion measures imposed on syria and the peoples of other countries a chance, the republic of korea, venezuela, and belarus. unilateral coercive measures imposed on syria and the people of other countries suggest iran and the people's republic of korea as well as belarus. in conclusion, we look forward that the united nations would become able to achieve the cause for people to live in dignity and development and sufficiency far away from all forms of terrorism, tension, and confirmation. in particular, the safeguarding the sovereignty of states and the equality rise and obligation. and that priorities should be given to work on the insurgent


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