tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN March 30, 2015 12:00pm-2:01pm EDT
where that is more than promising, where it must be true our country that lets a man like me raise a child, build our life with you with you beyond that road beyond that lifetime that car filled with hope i will always believe with the promise of happiness and the freedom he lived to know he traveled with ahead held high
choir, stokes mitchell, friends on behalf of ted sister jean ted junior, patrick and amy patrick and caroline, and the entire kennedy family, standing beside me literally and in spirit, we are honored and grateful you all could be here. 36 years ago, my husband came here to dedicate the presidential library next-door. speaking about the older brother who he loved and admired so deeply, teddy called the moment it: nation, a happy run to view -- the moment a: nation a happy rendezvous. thetoday, the same as true for
all of us who loved edward m kennedy. it seems like only yesterday, i was standing with teddy on the seventh floor of the jfk library, looking down on the plot of land where this institute now stands. it was an empty low-lying fields, but he had a vision that something extraordinary could rise from it. as we looked out that window, teddy pointed to a little pine tree and said to me, that's where the institute is going to be. we stood there for a moment thinking what it would look like . and institute with a full-scale re-creation of the u.s. senate right here in boston. the city of his birth. that he loves so much.
now, thanks to the heroic efforts of so many incredible people, that chamber and this institute stand exactly where teddy dream they would. as was terri's wish, this institute is not about one man. it is about the nearly 2000 men and women who have served in the united states senate since it first convened. it's about those who might be inspired to serve and it in the future. if they only knew more about the important role of the senate in our democracy. teddy used to say, everyone knows about the presidency. we have presidential libraries. but, they don't know so much about the senate, and the legislative process. then he would smile that famous smile of his and say with more than a little hint of mischief,
after all, we are in article one of the constitution. [applause] teddy loved the united states senate. he loved the history and the great centers of the past. and he loved the great senators he served with. he loved the building. he loved the senate chamber. most of all, he loved the difference the senate could make. securing americans rights, helping them get health care or jobs, strengthening american leadership in the world. sure, the senate has seen its share of disagreements sometimes sharp ones. but, as teddy understood, that was part of the process. our founders never intended legislating to be easy. it required hard work. as all of us who knew teddy understand, he worked hard at it.
he believed that the united states senate had the power to change lives. the lives of people in this country. the lives of people around the world. he served in the united states senate for nearly 47 years. he noticed something during that time. when you became a senator something changed inside of you. maybe not the first year, or the second, maybe not even in the third year, but at some point, almost always, something happened. you start to think about more than yourself. you start to think about the country. teddy wanted to build a place where everyone could feel the same way. a place where all of us could start thinking about our country. the institute you seatse today
is a realization of that dream. just as teddy approach politics differently, he wanted to approach the institute and a completely fresh and unique way. we have a totally hands-on, interactive visitor experience. it is an experience. visitors interact not only with the exhibits, but with each other. we are using the best technology , wallingford urging face-to-face interaction and negotiation. it is an entirely new model of civic engagement. at the center of it all is that magnificent, full-scale re-creation of the senate chamber. that re-creation was so important to teddy. he believed in the majesty of the place. at its power to inspire. he felt that no experience as a
senator would be complete without understanding the awe you felt walking into that chamber. as student groups have visited in the last few months, we have seen that in action. there will be a buzz in the hallways, talk about issues. as soon as they walk through those double doors, a hush comes over them. they seem to know instinctively that they are in a very special place. in that space, they will try to pass the compromise of 1850, or hash out immigration reform, or some issue that is not even on the agenda yet. when they do, they will learn a lot more about which senator was responsible for what bill. iwe hope they will also learn that this by our disagreements, if we sit down
and listen to each other perhaps then we can find common ground. perhaps then, together, we can make incredible progress. teddy hoped that everyone who came to this institute would realize that politics -- and he called it politics -- was a noble profession. even if it is messy. even if it is hard. teddy what people, young people in particular, to rise above and move beyond reports of gridlock and poll numbers, and become active participants in our democracy. whether that means serving in the senate or on the school board, or just voting without fail. because of far as teddy was concerned, if we all did our part there's nothing we could accomplish. we are americans, he said. this is what we do. we reached the moon. we scale the heights.
i know it. i've seen it. i've lived it, and we can do it again. the edward m kennedy institute is going to inspire us to do it again. teddy actually spoke those works in 2008 at the democratic national convention. despite his own illness, he was looking to the future. he was looking forward to speaking on behalf of of a dear friend, the then junior senator from illinois, a legislator that teddy had recruited to his senate co committee, and there was no higher compliment than that. it is my high honor to introduce a man that my husband loved and admired though much, he gave him a puppy. [applause] amanda understands the power and promise of our democracy. a man who stood up and fought for, and at long last, signed a
bill and shining in law, what teddy call because of his life, health care for all americans. [applause] and a man that was also a u.s. senator, ladies and gentlemen, the president of the united states, barack obama. [applause] president obama: thank you. thank you so much. thank you. please, have a seat. thank you so much. to vicki, ted, patrick caroline , ambassador smith, members of the kennedy family, thank you so
much for inviting me to speak today. your eminence, colonel malley, vice president biden governor baker, mary walsh, members of congress, past and present, and pretty much every elected official in massachusetts. [laughter] it is an honor to be at this dedication with you. boston, i know that michele knight have joined our prayers with yours over the past few days for a hero, it john monahan, who was shot in the line of duty on friday night. [applause] i mention him because last year the white house, the vice president and i had the chance to honor him as one of america's top cops for riskying his life
to save another officer. i'm told that the officer is awake and talking. we wish him a full and speedy recovery. [applause] i also want to single out someone who very much wanted to be here, just as he was for nearly 25 days as he represented this commonwealth along with head in the senate, and that is secretary of state john kerry. [applause] many of you know, john is an europe with our allies and partners leading the negotiations with iran and the world community and standing up for principle that ted and his president kennedy leaves in so strongly. let us never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate. [applause]
finally, in his first years in the senate, ted dispatched a young aid. the sale was simple. i want to give a special shout out to his extraordinary loyal staff. 50 years later, a family nearly 1000 strong. we are proud of you. [applause] of course many of you now work with me. [laughter] enjoy today because we have to get back to work. [laughter] distinguished guests fellow citizens, and 1958, ted kennedy was the young man working to reelect his brother, jack, to
the united states senate. on election night, the two toasted one another. here's to 1960, mr. president ted said, if you could make it. with his quick irish wit jack returned the toast, here's to the 1952 senator, if you can make it. they both made it. today, they are together again for a rest at arlington. their legacies are as alive as ever, together here in boston. the john f. kennedy library next door is the symbol of american idealism. the edward m kennedy institute for the u.s. senate as a living example of the hard, frustrating never-ending, but critical work required to make that idealism real. what more fitting tribute?
what better testament to the life of ted kennedy? then displays left for generations of americans. a monument not to himself, but to what we, the people, have the power to do together. any of us who have had the privilege asserted in the senate know that it's impossible not to share ted to all for the history swirling around it. and awe instilled in him by his brother jack. ted waited more than 10 years to deliver his first speech on the floor. that is no longer the custom. [laughter] it's good to see so h here.
i gave a speech only because he felt there was a topic, the civil rights act, the that demanded it. nevertheless, he spoke with humility, aware, as he put it, that a freshman senator should be seen, not heard should learn, not teach. some of us i admit, have not always heated that lesson. fortunately, we had ted to show us the roads anyway. no one made the senate, live like ted kennedy -- come alive like ted kennedy. rarely was he more animated than
when he led you through the living museums. he could and he would tell you everything that there was to know about all of it. [laughter] and then, there were more fonder moments. i still remember the first time i pulled open the jeweler of my desk -- drawer of my desk. each senator is assigned a desk, and there is a tradition of carving the names of those are used to before. those names in my desk included have to and baker simon wellstone, and robert f kennedy. the senate was a place where you instantly pulled yourself up a little straighter. where you tried to act a little
better. being a senator changes a person, ted wrote in his memoirs . as vicki said, it may take a year, two years, or three years but it always happens. it fills you with a heightened sense of purpose. that's the magic of the senate. that's the essence of what it can be. who, but ted kennedy, and his family would create a full scale replica of the chamber and open it to everyone? we live in a time of such great cynicism about all of our institutions. we are cynical about government, and washington most of all. it's hard for our children to
see in such a noisy pursuits of our politics. the possibilities of our democracy. our capacity together to do good things. this place can help change things. it can help like the fire of imagination imagine a gaggle of school kids turning always into classrooms. to sign an issue, and have the responsibility to solve it. imagine their moral universe expanding as they hear about the momentous battle raged in that chamber and how it echoes throughout today's society. questions of war and peace. the tangled bargains between north and south. federal and state. the original sins of slavery and
prejudice. unfinished battle for opportunity and equality. imagine the shift in what is possible. the first time they see a video of senators who look like they do. men and women. black and white. latinos. asian americans. those born to great wealth, but also those born in incredibly modest means. imagine what a child feels the first time she steps on that flora, before she is old enough to be senator. before she is told what she can do. before she is told whom she cannot talk to or work with. what she feels when she said that one of those desks. what happens when it is her turn to stand and speak.
on behalf of something she cares about, and cast a vote, and have a sense of purpose. maybe not just for kids. what if we all carried ourselves that way? what if our politics, our democracy was elevated as purposeful as she imagines it to be right here. at the end of his life, ted reflected on how congress has changed over time. those who served earlier had the same conversation. it is a more diverse, accurate reflection of america than it used to be. that is a grand thing. a great achievement.
ted grieved the loss of camaraderie and collegiality. i think he regretted the arguments now made two cameras, instead of colleagues, directed at a narrow base instead of the body politic of the whole. the outside influences of money and special interest, and how it all leaves more americans to turn away in disgust, and simply, choose to not exercise their right to vote. since this is a joyous occasion, this is not the time for me to suggest a slew of new ideas for refeorm, although i do have
some. [laughter] maybe i will just mention one. what if we carried ourselves more like ted kennedy? what if we work to follow his example a little bit harder? to his harshest critics who saw him as nothing more than a partisan lightning rod -- that may sound fullest, but there are republicans here today for a reason. they know who ted kennedy was. it's not because they share ted's ideology or his business position, but they know ted is somebody who bridge the partisan divide over and over
again with genuine affection in an era when bipartisanship has become so rare. they knew him as someone who kept his word. they knew him as somebody who was willing to take half a loaf and entered the anger of his own supporters to get something done. they knew him as somebody who was not afraid. and fear so permeates our politics. people fight to get in the senate, and then they are afraid. we fight to get these positions and then they don't want to do anything with them. ted understood the only point of running for office is to get something done. not to posture. not to sit there, worrying about the next election, or the polls. to take risks.
he understood the difference is a party or philosophy could not become areas to cooperation or respect. he could howl like a force of nature -- will try to figure out which chart to pull up next. [laughter] but in his personal dealings he answered edwin randolph's call to keep the senate place to restrain, if possible, the fury of the. -- the theory of democracy. i did not know ted as well as some of the speakers here today, but he was my friend. i go him a lot.
and as far as i could tell, it was never ideology that compelled him. except in so far as his ideology said he should help people. that he should have a life of purpose. that he should be empathetic. his tireless this, his restlessness, they were rooted in his experience. he was a member of a gold star family. at 30 62 of his brothers were stolen from him in the most tragic public of ways. at 41 here nearly lost a beloved child to cancer.
that made suffering something he knew. and it made him more alive to the suffering of others. while his son was sleeping after treatment, he would wander the halls of the hospital, meeting other parents keeping vigil over their own children. parents terrified of what would happen when they could not afford the next treatment. parents working out but they could sell or borrow or mortgage just to make it a few more months. and then if they had to, harder with god for the rest. they are in a quiet night, working people with modest means . bringing -- conveying their immediate sense of helplessness.
their pain was his. as much as they might be separated by wealth and fame those families would be at the heart of his passions, despite -- just like the young immigrant , he would see himself in that child. they were his cause. the sick child who could not see a doctor. the young soldier sent into battle without armor. the citizen denied her rights because of what she looked like where she came from or who she loves. he quietly attended as many military funerals in massachusetts as he could for those who fell in iraq and afghanistan.
he called and wrote each one of the 177 families who lost a loved one on 9/11. and he took them sailing and he played with their children. not just in the days after, but every year after. his life's work was not to champion those with wealth or power or connections. they already had enough representation. it was to give voice to the people who wrote and called from every state, desperate for someone who might listen and help. it was about what he could do for others. that's why he would take his hearings to hospitals and rural towns in inner cities, pushing people out of his come -- their comfort zones, including his colleagues, because he had pushed himself out of his comfort zone.
he tried to instill in his colleagues that same sense of empathy. even if they called him as wondered, wrong at the top of his lungs. even if they might disagree with him 99% of the time. because who knew what might happen that other 1%? orrin hatch was sent to washington in part because he promised to fight ted kennedy. and they fought a lot. one was a conservative mormon from utah the other one was well, ted kennedy. [laughter] but once they got to know one another, they discovered certain things in common. faith. a soft spot for health care. very fine singing voices. [laughter] in 1986 when the republicans controlled the senate, or in -- orrin hatch held the first aids
summit, even hugging and aids patient. an incredible and important gesture at the time. the next year ted took over the committee and continued for orrin hatch started. when his father passed away, ted was one of the first to call. it was over dinner at ted's house one night that they decided to try to ensure that the 10 million children who did not have access to health care as the debate hit roadblocks in congress, as debates over health care tend to do, ted would have his chief of staff serenade or into court his support. when hearings did not go his way, he might puff on a cigar to annoy orrin who disdained smoking. he might threaten to call ted's sister. [laughter]
when it came time to find a way to pay for the children's health insurance program that they had together devised, ted pounced offering a tobacco tax and asking -- are you for joe camel and the marlboro man or millions of children who lack adequate health care? it was a kind of friendship that was unique to the senate, calling to mind what gem -- john calhoun once set of henry clay. i don't like him he's a bad man, an imposter, a creator of wicked schemes. i would not speak to him but by god i love him. [laughter] sure, orrin hatch once called ted one of the major dangers to the country. [laughter] but he also stood up at a gathering in his last months and
said -- i am asking you all to pray for ted kennedy. the point is, we can fight on almost everything. or we can come together on some things. those some things can mean everything to a whole lot of people. it was common ground that them to forge a compromise that covered millions of kids with health care. it was common ground rooted in the plight of loved ones that led ted and chuck grassley to cover kids with disabilities. that led them to fight for equal rights for americans with a mental illness. common ground. not rooted in abstractions or stubborn, rigid ideologies, but a shared experience that led ted and john mccain to work on a patient's bill of rights and to work towards a smarter, more
just immigration system. a common desire to fix what's broken. a willingness to put compromise in pursuit of a larger goal. a personal relationship that allows you to fight like hack on one issue and shake hands on the next. not through just cajoling or horsetrading or serenade, but through ted's brand of friendship and kindness and humor and grace. what binds us together across our differences in religion, politics, or economic eerie, he wrote in his memoirs, is all that we share as human beings. the wonder that we experience when we look at the night sky. the gratitude that we know when we feel the heat of the sun. the sense of humor in the face
of the unbearable. and the persistence of suffering. and one thing more, the capacity to reach across our differences to offer a hand of healing. for all of the challenges of a changing world, for all of the imperfections of our democracy, the capacity to reach across our differences is something that is entirely up to us. they we all in our lives set an example for the kids to enter these doors. exiting with higher expectations for this country. may we all remember the times that this american family has challenged us to ask what we can do to dream and to say why not. to seek a clause -- a cause that endures, sailing against the wind in its pursuit living our
>> wrapping up our coverage of this dedication ceremony with a new edward kennedy institute in boston, senator kennedy was the fourth longest-serving senator in american history, who served 22 thousand nine and passed away in august of 2009 due to bring cancer. the kennedy institute, by the way, is located a columbia point in boston massachusetts, located every day except monday. if you missed any of the dedication ceremony will be able to watch it tonight starting at 9:00 eastern here on c-span. john kerry had planned to attend
the ceremony today, but canceled his return to the u.s. so that he could continue talks over the iranian nuclear program in switzerland. you heard the president talk about this. those meetings in switzerland aimed at striking a final deal by the end of this month. another story that we are watching today, a number of news sources reporting this, two men dressed as women try to drive to the main gate of the national security agency headquarters in fort meade, maryland. nmsa officer shot and killed one, the second seriously injured. they confirmed to the associated press that one person was dead as they crashed the gate and there is no clear exclamation or reason for the incident, names of the perpetrators have yet to be released and an fbi spokesperson says the incident was not believed to be linked to terrorism. hosting a discussion on global
efforts combat terrorism pet -- panels include at 6:30 the council of foreign relations to bring it counsel with the under secretary for civilian security democracy, and human rights talking about the work of the atrocities prevention board at 6:30 eastern. >> tonight, more from the international consumer electronics show as we look at new technology products. >> you just pick it up, it will be very simple. it will expand and be as easy as gesturing. [inaudible] [indiscernible] if you throw it, it will go
farther away. >> "the communicators," tonight at 8 p.m. eastern on c-span two. and now, a panel of millennial's discussed the issues, cultures, and stereotypes about their generation at the discussion of the new america foundation in new york city. panelists include the founder of a startup news site for youth the and largest student policy organization, and daughter of a former u.s. president founded a global health startup. host: on this side is sara, the director of external relations. next, barbara bush, the cofounder and ceo of global health core and is a member of the leadership council at the franklin project at the aspen
institute. next, jake horwitz, the cofounder and editor-in-chief of mic. next to jake is joelle, the national director of the roosevelt institute campus network who recently just won the macarthur award. a big round of applause. [applause] host: thank you everyone for coming out and i will turn it over to jake. jake: thank you to everyone coming out. i am going to be following along on twitter. i will try to get do the questions in a q and a section. i will participate as much as possible in the discussion and try not to make it too stiff. i have a question i want to ask all of you that is important. should we be using the "m" word tonight are not? do people use the word millennial on this panel?
>> i think it is a useful term to look at generation and the context it has evolved in but i also think it is effective for this discussion to talk about the generation after millennials. the people not 80-33 but are going to college. they will be a different generation. in some ways, more progressive. in some ways, more conservative. jake: do you guys use it? sara: i tend to think sometimes that people use millenial in a derogatory term sometimes because -- and maybe we need to re-grasp what millennial is. it is the 18-34 age group. you talk about it in the context of who can do for us. these are the leaders we need to be learning from.
term at mic because we find it is used to stereotype the generation more than it is a word that anyone our age uses. i had to ask. barbara: are we allowed to use it? [laughter] jake: we will use it tonight. on the one hand, we are a generation that is incredibly that is diverse, politically active, informed. we came out for president obama in record numbers. on the other hand, you have a generation that has been described, to me, as one of the most stereotyped. if you look in the media -- i'm sure we could talk out of turn -- but it is everything from lazy to narcissistic to selfie-obsessed. do any of you have a favorite? there is a real misunderstanding as to who this generation is particularly in political circles and the media. i guess i wanted to start by really asking each of you why you think the generation is so misunderstood and how you and your type of work has approached that problem. sara. sara: we are one of the most diverse generations in the u.s. and because of that, we don't
all fall under one or two umbrellas. when you look at the generations before, they had certain things going on whether it was a depression, a major war, a major artistic influence that was kind of really grasping most of that generation. with us, it generation with so many things coming at us. technology ramping throughout our generation and separating us from the generation before us and now the generation after us. i have no idea what my niece is talking about half of the time. i think we are such a diverse group that it is hard to box us into one group and i think that in terms of civic engagement and government, people are banging their heads against the wall on how to reach us because there is no one set way to do it. we are that diverse group. look at the people up here, in this room. there is no way all of us relate to one singular thing.
jake: how have you approached the misunderstanding or is there misunderstanding? joelle: i agree there is a misunderstanding of our generation. the power to influence business and government and policy are being -- we are being disruptive. we're looking at new ways to do things and not necessarily trusting or in favor of establishment or institutions. a recent poll shows that our
generation trusts institutions far less than any generation before us. i think that is disconcerting to people. there has to be a change to the status quo in order to engage people. think about the past election. people talk about how millennials did not vote, but we turned out at the same level in 2010. people do not know how to reach us. they are using old campaign tactics to try to reach a new generation. i don't check my mailbox for ballots. if you were to contact me via text message, maybe i would see it. that is a way we can be engaging millennials in a different way that is not happening as much as it should be. jake: barbara, are all of your friends taking selfies all day? barbara: i have a blackberry which people should probably not admit. i cannot take a selfie on it because it is not have a camera. [laughter] i echo what both of them said. i think also, there's a lot of advantages to the fact we have grown up more globally
connected. that we do have a voice, whether were using it well are not. that is something that has been confusing to other people. now with twitter and different platforms where your voice can actually be considered into dialogue, it is a different story. i think those are both huge assets to why millennials have a lot of value right now. jake: totally. i could share my experience but for the people in the audience what is the secret sauce? everyone wants to reach the demo. it sounds like everyone misunderstands the demo. how do you reach millennials? and how have you done it in your work? sara: i don't think i know the secret. i think i would sell it because it would make a lot of money. once we could think about when engaging is the vertical forms of engagement will not resonate the way they may have for other generations. we are generation that sits more horizontally. we have more access to different
types of people. we are more interconnected, even globally. this idea of "let me tell you what to do when you do it" does not work. i think that means a lot for institutions, especially government. millennials believe in the potential of effectiveness of government, but it is not happening right now. the question is how do you bring more participation, create a more participatory environment for people to engage in government? that sense of urgency that someone is listening to us. jake: your organization is doing it every day. college students across the country. how have you managed to break through and reach them? joelle: the beauty of our work is we are driven by the ideas of our membership. we have chapters across the
country in 38 states. those people are working on ideas in their own communities coming up with research, publishing memos and talking to stakeholders. one of our students is looking at new york city parking policy, how that reform can bring in revenue to affect local communities. he is looking at new york city coming up with his own ideas and we are supporting it. that is the kind of horizontal engagement i'm talking about. not us telling you what our agenda should be, but being able to build it ourselves. sara: if you look at the elections we have seen over the past few years, democrats lost an insane amount this year. some of us mourned it, some celebrated it. we don't relate to a candidate as much as we relate to the issues they are running on. that is a horizontally-based animation.
the women in this audience, we are caring whether a candidate runs on health care for women, whether they think they have a right to tell me what i should do with my body or not. for people from immigrant families, whether were not that politician believe that immigration reform is a priority. those are the things that are generation cares about and i think that is how for me, we are learning to engage people. for instance from our office, we are looking on legislation for campus sexual assaults. we could do a campus legislative -- sexual assault bill, go to city council and pass it but instead, she is bringing her bill before 200 students to let them rip it apart and rewrite it. that is a better way of engaging them and political perspective. it is a much better bill. when the community affected is involved. jake: what is the secret sauce barbara? barbara: i don't know that we have figured it out. i work for a nonprofit that works on solving global health
issues. every one of ours wants to solve problems. they want to figure out how their skill set and backgrounds might be able to help solve issues. they are excited about figuring out how to fix the broken system. i am an architect, what will i do with my design background to think of a new solution? for us, it is easy to engage millennials. we except to percent of the people who apply to our program because they are desperate to get their foot in the door to be a part of the solution. jake: for us, it is about authenticity of the voice. young people make up our staff. they are writing in a voice that resonates with the way we look at the world, which can be a bit hard for some people to understand. we say, why do young people need
a media company? are we look at the world differently than our parents. we have really different perspectives and for us, it has been engaging young people on the issues that matter, not talking down to our generation and not treating us and stereotypes but really focusing on what are those issues. as editor in chief, ask everybody one question, what drives whether it is a store and not. is it something you would share with your friends over dinner? which is a different audience than if you are sitting with your parents over dinner for someone else. one thing i wanted to touch on is there are a few examples now of big moments. we have seen millennial mobilization more recently. the ferguson black lives matter protest.
you have seen young people all over the country all over the street. occupy wall street, though it petered out. my question for people here is are these movements difficult to sustain. in the case of occupy, we didn't see a long, drawn-out movement. time will tell what happens with the ferguson movement. how do you engage this generation to stay motivated and sustained on an issue over time and do we have a shorter attention span? that is a stereotype, but do we have a shorter attention spend to make it more difficult? ms. valenzuela: we don't see the occupy protest much anymore. there was a lot of occupied the court system. the movement still continues for
me. it is not just about the people, it is about the conversation. occupy wall street may not have bodies on the ground camping out, but they were a catalyst for a discussion that has continued all the way up to the supreme court. people are still talking about things that movement brought up, whether it means the affordability of college, the 1%. those things are still happening. i think the movement is still continuing. maybe it is just different. that is what is different about our generation. the civil rights movement has happen in our day and age.
happen in our day and age. i'm am sure during lbj's and martin luther king jr.'s time -- wanted us to continue to have to fight. but we still see it today. mr. horowitz: i get asked by friends all the time living in overseas, they cannot understand after the arab spring why young people here don't stand up more and protest and aren't in the streets. if the situation is that, why don't we speak up? is there something to this point? young people engaged differently when they want to make their voices heard and not maybe in the 1960's sensibility of what it meant to be an activist? ms. gamble: i think there are a lot of people still engaging and direct action. you see them in ferguson, staten island. people doing those direct action tactics. what is different about this generation is our ability to amplify those beyond those who they would normally affect especially using forms of technology. we have seen the emergence of black twitter. i think that ability to amplify things from the ground level is different because we have
technology that facilitates that. i think it says something for how establishment institutions need to think about how they are going to engage with our generation. we have not figured out how young people in the communities we have built online and in person are actually going to be able to marry with institutions like government, like large corporations. it is something we have to sort out. ms. bush: i think it is a combination. yes, there is protesting. that can be part of a movement. also, there are phases to it. i think about the aids movement in the 1980's were a lot of gay men in new york and san francisco were protesting and realized that even though they do not know policy, they were mainly the big leaders in the space were lawyers, working in real estate, they learned everything about policy, and
were able to speak to the nih at what they were dealing with. that looks different than standing in the streets, but it is equally if not more so important because it changes policy to affect millions of more people's lives. i think we need to remember it is both. there is one much more of a stark image that you can remember in your mind. there is one going on behind closed doors we need to be a part of it, that is all of our responsibility to be educated on how that can happen. mr. horowitz: i want to ask specifically. i think another way of asking the question is president obama in 2008, ire member his victory speech where he came out and said, this is a great victory but if this is about you and not about me. for this to be a real victory, everybody needs to do service in their communities.
are young people as motivated and engaged? we saw a lot of enthusiasm at the beginning of the obama presidency. a lot of friends of mine never heard of community service all of a sudden were doing community service. i was reading a story recently about enrollment numbers for tsa going down over the last two years. i wonder, what would you say about that. is national service -- is it hard to sustain for this generation? ms. bush: maybe it is because i work on it every day, but i see hundreds of people joining global health core every year. they are all 30 and younger. the average age is 26. 40% have master's degrees. they're trying to figure out how they fit into building a healthier world.
as i mentioned before, we accept 2% of the people who apply. we are five years old, so we are basically a startup. the fact people are coming to an organization without a big name front to figure out how to work on these issues means a lot to me. i read that article also. i don't know it is a defeat for them. if you asked them five years ago, where do you think your application numbers will be, they would not have dreamed where they would be last year for the year before. their numbers rose enormously after 2008, and that was huge. i don't think they have dropped pre-2008 numbers now. it can be perceived in different ways. i meet people every day that are basically begging us, how can i figure out how to work on health issues? i'm not a doctor, a nurse, but how do i get my foot in the door? to me that means people want to serve and service may look
different. it might look like working on really challenging issues. ms. gamble: i would agree service does take place in a lot of different ways. for us, 80% of the people in our network go into a career in public service. we are working with a lot of young people who are really dedicated to that. we are now 10 years old. we were founded on the idea that aside from putting boots on the ground, young people can change the policy process with their own ideas. that is sustained over 10 years. now we have people in state government, running for office working in the white house. there is a generation -- we have another imperative. mr. horowitz: we had a writer on mlk day this year you talked
about as he called it the santa clausification of mlk day. it has become a big day of service. it obscures the purpose of the day. i want to throw that out there as an idea. how do you react to something like that? these big national days of service, are they the right way to think about national service for this generation, specifically or maybe not? ms. valenzuela: i'm going to suggest teach for america. i am an alum. it was an incredible way to jump in, and after two years, i want to the hill for five years because i truly believed legislation was the way i could affect students in the classroom. i think that programs like what joelle and barbara are doing encourage people to leave their
jobs. we can look at startups as a way of being a part of a social movement. there are plenty of startups from our generation that are really helping people. for instance, there is an app for women when they have been sexually assaulted on the street. holler back app. yes. that is an incredible app. it is allowing government throughout the nation to be able to look at that data and say it is a real problem. i think looking at it a little differently as what national service is has also changed in our generation. as a four santa clausing the holiday, i am of the opinion that if you can get more people out on a day to go into your community and have that one experience where they have that spark to go and say, i want to
do this more, i don't see that as a bad thing. it is hard for me to say that for us to push it on the national front as a day where everyone needs to come out is bad. mr. horowitz: i am a believer of more questions from the audience and not less. maybe i will do one or two more and open it up. i wanted to ask a question about political participation. i think another issue for this generation is the barriers of entry for running for office or participating in elected political life. from my experience, this generation looks at it a lot different than others. running for office may or may not be the best way to participate in service. i would be interested to hear
what you have to say, joelle but what are the biggest barriers for young people to participate in politics? ms. gamble: we look at the news and see all of this bickering over things that don't seem to matter versus the big issues are affecting us. young people getting jobs, doing something about climate change making sure there is health care for all. these are the issues that young people are invested in, but we don't see that happening in congress. we don't hear about corporate interests, a revolving door happening between big financial firms and the u.s. government. we think, why would i want to be that person? that doesn't mean i don't think young people believe in the potential for government.
the campus network ran a project and surveyed thousands of people across the country of the what their government opinion was. we think that government can provide for the common good and be well managed. i think that what matters is that we invest in organization local and state government in places where we can gain access where we can provide opportunities for participation at a wider scale. i think that can lead to a widescale change in government. mr. horowitz: dream job? startup? politics? ms. valenzuela: probably more times than most, i am asked if i will run for office. i don't know. my inkling is a no. i think a dream job is
continuing to do what i am doing, and that is -- my job and my office is a public relations to the community. whatever i do when i grow up is going to have to be something that is connected to service because it is important for us to reconnect. i do want to touch on how we can we more politically active and want to be in office. more of us start voting. i don't understand why election day is not a national holiday. if we want to talk about santa clausing things, give people an opportunity to vote. that would change things what is going on in congress. when we vote, we influence who
step through that door on capitol hill. unfortunately, there's not enough of us. if you look at who voted in the mayoral campaign, less than 10% of people voting in the primary. if we start voting more, an electorate-driven congress, i think we will see changes and be more inspired to be in office and i'll have an easier answer when someone comes to me. ms. bush: dream job. i have no interest in running for office. i love policy, and i don't love politics.
i think that is ok, and i love working with people every day that are trying to figure out how they can learn skills on the ground so they are informed when working on policy. mr. horowitz: i promise this will be my last one added will take maybe two minutes. a few quick hits. a one-word answer. i think the first thing, what would you say to people over 50 who don't understand about young people? ms. gamble: i guess i would say interconnectivity. mr. horowitz: what do you mean by that? ms. gamble: i think the way that we are connected, whether it is
on our devices, it is something maybe some older people don't understand. i think people assume that the way we are interconnected means that we are self-absorbed. that because we are constantly sharing, putting things on twitter, it is a sign we're not paying attention. i think that actually can be indicative of the potential for connectivity we have and how that can be used for wider scale change. when it comes to things like civic technology where people are taking advantage of that connectivity, build strong communities, allowing for sharing of resources, there is a lot of potential there. mr. horowitz: what should our leaders know about young people? ms. valenzuela: that we are
watching you. [laughter] ms. valenzuela: that we are we will tell everyone what you did. everyone has their phones. it is true. how many of us have seen -- and we have a couple of politicians in new york who have done something really dumb on twitter are facebook and it goes through the news. we are watching you. we have this tool. i am more than my phone. i will tell the world. i will let them know what you are doing. mr. horowitz: barbara, your opinion of -- at the super bowl. barbara: inspirational?
mr. horowitz: let me ask a real question. what is the one issue you think will be most important for young people in 2016? ms. bush: my goodness, so many. i think -- ok, this is not a one-word answer, but i think we all have issues that are important to us and to where we live. not saying there is one issue that is most important because every issue is connected. figuring out how to have a bigger lens. my last thing to copy your question to her is i never really understand why older people are like i don't understand millennials. you can ask people what they are interested in. you can ask them how they want to communicate or partner with you. i think in some of categorizing one group as an elusive group, we all have the power to make relationships with people. mr. horowitz: i will close by
doing a quick survey of the audience. on the question of what is you most young people are interested in in 2016, mike surveys our readers, and a quick survey of hands -- what do people think the most important foreign policy issue is for 18- to 35-year-olds? yeah. >> global warming? mr. horowitz: ding, ding, ding. you got it. you are the reporter, i think. >> [indiscernible] mr. horowitz: climate change was the most important issue. on a national issues, what do people think? >> immigration.
>> jobs. >> marriage equality. >> economy. mr. horowitz: it is actually income inequality and income disparity. we should have a prize. i don't know whether those will be the most important issues but i thought it was interesting. let's open it up for questions. i want to remind everybody, if you ask a question, use the microphone. it will be on c-span. i know there are a lot of millennials watching c-span. [laughter] mr. horowitz: if people want to tweet, i will have my phone also. >> i heard jon stewart will be on c-span. >> i am a researcher. you mentioned religious
institutions. everybody talks about engagement. they ask me, what about loyalty? can i make a candidate a lifelong ex-party person? is that a millennial model or a broken, older model? mr. horowitz: i think it is absolutely true that once you become locked in as a brand person you are locked in for good. there are plenty of examples of brands that have done great things with demographics. that is why you see more brands coming out on twitter during big events like the super bowl were
-- or other big events and actually make their policies on social issues known. you see many more brands taking a stand on gay rights, climate change because people recognize that for millennials, once you buy into the ethos, you are locked in for good. for politicians, the same can be said. authenticity is really important. the best example of someone who uses facebook and twitter well is cory booker. he is tweeting every day. only one person who has access to his twitter account other than him. it may be about serious things everyday life things. that realness is important.
many people in our generation are excited about him as a candidate and watching his rise through government closer than others. ms. valenzuela: i think that is right. at the same time, the tools we have to social media is that if you do mess up and you lie to us, much like people are dropping american apparel over urban outfitters over things they had brand loyalty, but once something came out about them being anti-gay or having a sexual abuse problem immediately their loyal ship dropped. that is a power we have in our generation.
>> to pick on your point about the a b generation, the growth of opportunities is shaping the generation. millennias are a generation with inequality as a hardening of a movement from one class to another, with jobs that are less stable. how did all of that, in your opinions, shape the outlook and politics and culture of the millennial generation? mr. horowitz: i think this is a deeply skeptical generation. we feel like we have been lied
to one too many times by politicians, corporations, media. you media. we are optimistic. and will if you ask young people the same question, they say yes. we are the entrepreneurial generation. you spoke to that earlier. i started a startup media company. there are some examples of young people who say the economy is bad, but make lemonade out of lemons. we go out every day and trying to make the best of it. that is a very unique thing for this generation, that there is an optimism that we will make the world the better place. that is how we have dealt with a lot of the problems you mentioned. ms. bush: my experience echoes yours.
it was an unsure job market to say the least. the benefit of that was a lot of people reconsidered what their careers could look like and thought about, if i am watching things fall apart, and thinking what do i want my future to look like? i think i should think about what is the world that i want to see. what do i care about? that had a huge impact on our generation. we started at the same time as you did around then. there is a huge startup space. there is a ton of social enterprises focused on problem solving in startups. there is a pt the about having an unsure job market. mr. horowitz: there is something
to the fact that we grew up during a serious economic crisis, long-standing foreign wars, partisanship bickering. that coupled with our optimism makes our generation desire to see ourselves reflected in a lot more spaces. when companies mess up when it comes to not respecting certain communities, a generation diverse and interconnected as ours does not see that as something we would stand for. we want to see our standards reflected in these spaces. during a lot of our coming-of-age, leadership has failed, especially in establishment institutions. ms. valenzuela: our generation relates to things that previous generations have. we still have civil rights struggles, women getting every
77 cents for every dollar men are getting. we are now an emerging group in the united states as latinos. i think we are a more introspective generation. we are more comfortable with talking about how we feel about issues. i think what you do is important because it is something that is helping us to not repeat history. it is probably going to be a struggle for the next one. we do want a legacy that may be as brighter and more optimistic. but we are still fighting the same fights previous generations did.i can take snaps also.
i have those on my phone too. in the back maybe? >> hi, here. just taking up on the comments jake made about brands and whole foods and global warming. i saw two statements that goldman sachs made in 2008, and that is great. but they are not great on financial reform. american apparel may be good on racial reform, but not sexual harassment, things like that. should we look at this as corporations picking on causes or do we look at this like carbon credits were they buy into one cause and exclude another cause? [laughter] >> who wants to take on the corporations? that's a great question, by the way.
>> i am still reeling from that joke. it's tough because the idea of the empire is important. that is a baseline. it should be a standard on social issues. i think your example on american apparel, right -- to me, that is like the baseline for us. i think what matters is where people stand on policy issues and i think there is an opportunity and i see this in a lot of things like social media campaigns, a lot of nonprofits. a lot of young people getting involved in the policy process. saying we support immigration reform will only go so far. i think it is an opportunity for
that baseline change, i guess is kind of where i am at. >> yeah, i would just echo that. there is authenticity to it, these are not token things to toss around, things that young people know and have been talking about and can function. that being said, i think the super bowl was an amazing, amazing moment this year, i think. we have an identity section, and every year the super bowl has this moment where there are all kinds of ads. the brands taken advantage of these sexual addictions of women. we did not see that it all.
so, we -- >> i saw the super bowl clip. jake: really? we have stayed positive by a large, compared to years past. i think that there may have been wanting more from a company, but i think the exchange is a good thing. there are other examples, the fact that black lives matter was mentioned, the president came on national tv and talk about social justice issues in a way we have not seen again. this does not change the fact that chris brown was in the audience, but it sort of moved from where we are at, if that
makes sense. >> the first thing that came to mind -- sara: the first thing that came to mind when you said that was the nfl. while good all -- goodell and his team had to be pushed, i am glad that money is going into domestic violence campaigns. does that mean i think that the nfl is going to be the go to to talk about domestic violence? there are major problems whether it is contracts about how patients are treated to paternity leave, anything else. i'm excited that there are companies taking a stand. i do not think our generation is as shallow as these companies
think we are. american apparel, they had migrant workers on their campaigns, right, and then they were not paying those people that came out in those ads. that came out really quickly though, right? i buy that companies, i know that they need to put their money behind issues that matter to our generation but i think that is a stepping stone to becoming a better company. jake: back there. >> hello. my name is bill mcgill. i am a journalist and an author. i want to thank you for coming your today. i find your generation really impressive, and i think it is a real, real tribute to the best you have to offer. that being said, i see a lot of
insularity among generations that is kind of annoying. let me ask you this. we are involved in a preconceived crisis of legitimacy on the part of our leadership. how are you going to avoid those issues? i will give you an example. if you had to do a workup right now of what was on the panel -- lgbt writes, twitter would be big. ethnic and income and quality, less so. we have some trendlines going. part of that is our dysfunctional leadership, i believe. what do we have to do that is different? jake: you know, it is a question -- how are we going to solve inequality or how are we going to do it differently? bill: personally i think it has
a lot more to do with class stratification and lacked of class mobility. we're not went to become a social democracy like europe. so, if you accept the premise that that is the challenge, what do you see your generation doing that other generations -- xers maybe boomers -- are not? jake: i do not know if that is the core challenge that everyone in this generation is working to solve. we have plenty of other challenges. i have friends for two. months in industries protesting and that is going to be there issue. i would say -- yeah, i would say online activism gets a really bad rap. particularly for older people.
that activism, that it is just a lazy type of activism. i think that is overblown. there are plenty of examples now that have resulted in major changes by corporations reversing policies which are actually an amazing moments. that shows the generation is not unengaged and does activism very differently. secondly, just to this point earlier, i mean the money in politics issue is just insane. for me, the big airy or former people of our age in competitions -- it is very difficult for someone under 35 to do it. that's just the truth of the matter.
which i think has resulted in public forums for activism and working to change the system. i'm not sure how we are going to solve all the world's problems, but i think it will be differently than just sort of working in the system. it's going to look a lot more diverse than a typical, credible, organizing sense. joelle: we talked a lot about online engagement, twitter and social media, but we have seen how online actually translates. the ability for local municipalities to be connected. for us we are working on an initiative where the students are looking at how are we going to address these with x amount
of development. in there are folks working in d.c. in new york in california. all connected, because they have the ability to connect the people but they are still working on the ground. so i think that is something that could be very different that confluence of online and off-line activity. >> we definitely have to go -- we are no longer using the same tools to reach people. that price tag has more to do with the fact that black lives matter in terms of income inequality, access to higher education. and these issues, well maybe they are not coming out on
social media, underlying all that are these products that are important and it is a huge problem in this country. i do not think anyone in this room would argue with that. but the way this generation is beginning to move behind it in a kind of difficult -- different vehicle is perhaps different than before. jake: yes, in the front? >> [indiscernible] i'm intrigued, the facts that you gave around millennial's global warming, climate change gravitate naturally around income inequality. since millennial's will be the
dominant generation what are the panel views on this landscape and the effect on policy, particularly as it relates to those two issues? joelle: i think money in politics shaped my view. the emergence of super pac's, it does change the landscape. but i see the same faults time after time. so i think that money in politics issue is critical and it is softening the claims for the future political landscape. these are the people i have been seeing since i was in high school. where are the new people?
i think it gets back to that money in politics issue. i think we will see landscape our generation will be happier with. >> one of the things we are doing at the roosevelt network is feeding the field. we cannot expect to see people in positions of influence if there are not other folks understanding policy and advocacy changes. that's really encouraging to know, to think about in 10 years, and he people have been seen through their work in positions of greater influence. jake: i would mention there is a huge movement now for people who want to elect elizabeth warren. there are a lot of people out there who see this as an
indictment of our political system, so much so that hillary clinton for progressives is not as interesting a candidate as a elizabeth warren, rising to fame over a very short time. and you know, young people are buying it and they are listening. i think that is interesting. i think the other piece of it -- climate change, i do not think we have cracked yet, as a country. certainly amongst political mediums. it is not something we talk about day in and day out. i think it should be. but income inequality, already there are politicians talking about it and seeing big traction. i think more people it does not have to be somebody on the left.
and that issue will gain more traction. sara: talking about campaign contributions, joelle brought it up, maybe this generation cannot run someone for office without a lot of money, but maybe one of the things we can changes who is running for office. one big issue that has been for a long time is gerrymandering. and the fact that people read district there -- read district there areas so they win and continue to remain in office. as the new generation, quite frankly, we should be hitting harder on these politics. i think campaign-finance reform is important. that is the way we will get people in office. and higher voter turnout. stop people from creating voter id laws.
maybe we cannot raise as much people as others, but we can sure as heck raise cain on issues that will affect to was in office. we need to be pushing a little bit harder, putting pressure on those people so it is not just about how much money they have. jake: i just want to say one more thing, which we mentioned at the top. our generation is the most diverse. this was a survey of mic reade rs. i think these are teed important issues, but again the ones that really matter, people our age are voting. there are millennials on the coast and in the middle of the country, and i do not pretend to know all of the issues that young people are going to vote on. yes?
>> first of all, thanks so much for being on the panel. and having so many female voices. third -- given that we have these tools, given how interconnected we are, and given the energy of young people around the world, whether they are in turkey or mexico or india -- how do we target that energy, whether it is audiences or shared understanding of issues that matter to the entire world or given that all of us will be leaders at some point, it would be better to have more countries as our friends than enemies, and how do we leverage that right now? barbara: i can speak to that. we work in six countries.
we are in 22 countries right now. we received more applications from uganda than anywhere else. the unemployment rate is under 60%. so, we have worked a lot. we are doing the same thing as are other fellows. but we have worked a lot with them because it is more of a society of elders using the public narrative framework to figure out how they can use their voice and do it in a positive way. the president is, i want to say, 85 years old. they feel -- all of our fellows feel a huge this connection, and
yet there have not been a lot of opportunities to explore how to use their voices. we have 90 fellows in uganda. they are connected to another cohort. now in addition, we can look up and see what is going on in uganda right now on the internet if we want to. it is much easier than in other parts of the world. for us, we did this at new haven and what of our fellows, and nigerian stood up and said it is
going to be so convenient when im the minister of health in nigeria and diego is running the gates foundation because we all know each other and have a shared vision. it was a very cute moment and it's even cuter now because she is getting her mba at harvard paid for i the health ministry of nigeria with the stipulation that she returns to nigeria and helps them. but there is a difference between using your voice responsibly and knowing how to speak to power and then figuring out everything you have to do if you are in that position, what skills you need to be effective. jake: i just want to do a time check. how are we doing? >> one or two more. jake: one r two before -- one or
two more. you were waiting. >> thank you. i actually represent a previous millennium. [laughter] i very much appreciate your involvement in the global scene but i think the united states is responsible for may be over 20% of gdp in the world and i feel it is very important to use the infrastructure we have to the ability we can possibly use it and the question my daughter had is, what should we be doing about student debt and the cost of higher education in this country, because it looks as though it is very prohibitive for many. jake: anybody want to take it take on student debt? sara: i think there's legislation in congress and good things happening on the state level to make college more affordable. the president announced that beauty college will be free. i think that your daughter has a
point. we were talking about this the other day. the fact that there are people walking around every day, and trying to go to college, and this is a hurdle that disproportionately affects minority groups the most. i think we need to hold the president to his promise, you know? barbara -- jake: --joelle: i think something that was interesting san bernardino county, one of our colleges -- they said part of how we are going to be able to solve the higher education crisis is bringing young people to be table. so to the people went to a department of education meeting.
a lot of times we are analyzing things, looking at reports having panels, etc., etc.. what matters is if you have the people who are working two jobs and trying to go to community college, or even nontraditional people who have families that are trying to go to college, all of that shapes an ideal opportunity we have in this country. those are the types of people we need involved in the policy process. they're going to make policies that are actually good for a large portion of our population. jake: i think we have time for one more. yes, in the back. sorry. >> i'm from columbia. wondering what the panel thinks about the notion of a socially livable, fiscally conservative kind of candidate might be able to mobilize young voters? jake: i think socially liberal, fiscally conservative -- i think that is very, very possible. i think people often ask me as
the editor of mic are you guys biased? i say, we are biased towards young people. what i mean by that, there are certain issues, social issues that are nonstarters in the generation. obviously we hear feminism raised. these are issues on which everybody universally agrees. there are others where there are hot debates. fiscal policy is one of them. immigration policy is another. i think what will be interesting to see -- in this election, i do not know who that candidate is going to be, but it will be interesting to see over the next sort of election cycle, you have young people, a liberal conservative, it would mean they were independent, which means there is a real opportunity for someone to carve out that me. and frankly, it would be
beneficial to the gop if they could strike that balance. one interesting person to watch would be rand paul, particularly in 2016. you know, it is clear on certain issues there are ones that young people agree with and others they do not so much, and how they weigh those different factors will be interesting to watch, i think. >> i think one thing about your question -- i think the term socially liberal, fiscally conservative is insanely loaded. because when we look at hillary clinton versus warren, evil want to label hillary clinton as being fiscally -- people want to label hillary clinton as being fiscally conservative. i do not think that is fair. so, i just -- i have a problem
with labeling people is that. but when you look at the bigger nation and in order to land people in the midwest and have them be relatable to things that matter to them, right -- you know, things like student debt are going to matter, things like jobs. so, i think that candidate -- it's what we make them talk about during the campaign that actually matters. will they show as this middle interest, everybody loves me candidate? when they run for office, everyone tends to kind of cater to whatever weston is being asked of them, and that is why want us to be paying attention because then we will be able to ask the questions. jake: ok. there are snacks in the back. i want to have everyone in the
audience join me in thanking all of our great -- [applause] i personally learned a lot from all three of you. and stop by and say hello. thank you. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2014] -- [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] jake: that was fun. thank you. so much. i do not know a lot about -- >> we will be live shortly at the national press club in washington, d.c. with the potomac institute hosting a discussion on global terrorism. it is set to begin in about three minutes here on c-span at
2:00 p.m. eastern. and then we will go live to a conversation at the state department with sarah sewall talking about the work of the atrocities prevention board. you can see that live at 6:30 p.m. eastern today. also, coming up tonight the senate dedication for the kennedy institute. it was commissioned by senator kennedy before he was diagnosed with brain cancer in 2008. he passed away the following year. president obama, vice president biden, and republican senator john mccain were among the speakers. after the ceremony, senator barbara mikulski visited the replica at her desk and tweeted out this picture. glad to sign my desk -- that from maryland senator
barbara mikulski. also tweeted today, tammy duckworth well run for the senate seat held by mark kirk in 2016. she lost her legs and the iraq war. senator kirk is suffering from disabilities from a stroke he suffered in 2012. this weekend, the c-span cities tour has partnered with cox communications to learn about the literary life of tulsa oklahoma. >> woody guthrie was born in 1912. we are very proud to have his work back here in oklahoma where we think it belongs. he was an advocate for people who were disenfranchised, for people who were migrant workers people from kansas and texas
during the dustbowl era. he saw this vast difference between the haves and the have-nots and became their spokesman through his music. >> woody recorded very few songs of his own. we have 46 songs in his own voice. that is what makes the recordings that he did make so significant. woody guthrie: ♪ this land is your land this land is my land ♪ >> what's all of our programs on c-span2 and american history tv on c-span3. the potomac institute for policy studies is holding a discussion at the national press club on the terrorist th