tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN August 1, 2015 6:00am-7:01am EDT
economics. we need some new thinking, some bold thinking. [applause] and most importantly, this may make some people nervous, that is the way it is. [laughter] i think when we have a nation today where a handful of billionaires have unbelievable influence over the economic and political life of this country, there is nothing significant that we will accomplish unless we have the current to take them on. that is what this campaign is about. [applause] the themes that you have outlined for this conference are exactly right. education,ties,
jobs, and justice. the get into those themes, first point i want to make, is perhaps the most important. i do understand that for some people, this is uncomfortable. but i believe it has to be addressed. and that is that the united states of america today is the wealthiest country in the history of the world. thatost people do not know because much of that wealth is concentrated in the hands of a few. today, in america, we have more wealth and income inequality then in any other major country on earth. it is worse today than at any
time since 1928. to me, it is not acceptable that /10 of 1% owns almost as much wealth as the bottom 90%. it is not acceptable that one y that ownsil walmart, owns more than the bottom 40%. it is not acceptable that in the last two years, the 14 wealthiest people solve more wealth increase -- wealth that is owned by the bottom 130 million americans. the truth of the matter is, that we cannot run away from that
reality. income and wealth inequality is the great moral issue of our time. it is the great economic issue of our time. it is the great social and political issue of our time. and together, we must address that issue. [applause] let me talk to you on another issue before i get to your theme of equal consequence. some of you may have heard, maybe you didn't. it didn't get a whole lot of press. a few days ago, former president jimmy carter described the american political system as corrupt. he described the united states as an oligarchy, with unlimited political bribery being the essence of getting the nomination for president or to
elect the president. what he was talking about is the disastrous supreme court decision on citizens united. [applause] which said to the wealthiest people in this country, you already own much of the economy. now, we are going to give you the opportunity to buy the united states government. undermining the very foundations of american democracy. and women have fought to defend. whenell me, what it means one family -- the koch brothers they will spend more money on this election cycle than either the democratic or republican party. they spend almost $1 billion to buy candidates will make the rich richer and everyone else poorer. that to me is not democracy. that is oligarchy, that is why we have to overturn this
disastrous citizens united decision. [applause] you, that all of the issues that candidates have talked about that you believe in will not take place when a handful of wealthy people are able to control our political system. now when we talk about education , i trust that all of you know -- as you do, that we live in a highly competitive, global economy. insane -- and is i use that word wisely. that we have hundreds of thousands of bright, young people, often minorities who have the desire, who have the ability to get a higher education and go to college.
but they cannot go to college for the simple reason that their family cannot afford tuition. that is absurd. we need to have the best the world,rkforce in and not tell hundreds of thousands of bright young people that they cannot make it into the middle class, that they cannot contribute as engineers, doctors, scientists. and that is why i have introduced legislation and will fight for it as president. to make every public college and university in america tuition-free. [applause] and what that means, is that kids in the fourth grade and in the sixth grade will know that if they study hard, pay attention, do their school work, even if their parents -- like my
parents, they did not go to college. even if the kids in the neighborhood did not go to college, they will be able to go incomeege because the of their families will not be a determining factor. this will revolutionize education. we talk about education, what we have to understand and be frank, the world has changed since the 1940's and 1950's. mom is in the workplace. dad is in the workplace. first-class childcare pre-k system in this country. [applause] in my state and all over the country, working-class families struggling to find affordable, quality childcare, childcare workers are paid minimum wage. that is not how we should treat the most vulnerable children in america.
universal pre-k, well-paid teachers. let me say a word about jobs. you read every month that unemployment is 5.3%. that is a statistic. please know that that statistic is only one of many statistics the government releases on jobs. that statistic does not include those people who have given up looking for work, those people working part-time -- millions who want to work full-time. real unemployment is 10.5%. it is a crisis. and now let me tell you what very few people are talking about, which is an even greater crisis. and that is youth unemployment, which we do not talk about at all. month for a study from the economic policy institute.
they came up with results the nobody is questioning. listen to this. betweenre a white kid ,0-20 who graduates high schoo you have a 33% unemployment rate. if you are an and hispanic kid, you have a 36% unemployment rate. you are an african-american 7-20 high school graduate, you have a 51% unemployment rate. that is unacceptable. that is turning our backs on an entire generation. and we must not allow that to continue. [applause] now when people talk about the tragedy of the united states
having more people in jail than any other country, including china, one of the contributing 5.5ors is that we have million young people -- in my state, your state without jobs, without education, hanging around on street corners doing bad things. it is my very strong opinion that it makes a lot more sense for us to be investing in jobs, education >> you rather than jails and incarceration. sen. sanders: i introduced legislation that would create one million jobs for kids. i have introduced legislation
that would call for a trillion dollar investment to create 13 million decent paying jobs rebuilding our infrastructure. about income, let me be clear. $7.25 minimum wage is a starvation wage. why last week alongside young people in the fast food industry fighting for dignity i introduced the legislation that will move us to $15 an hour minimum wage over the next few years. supported the affordable care act. it has done a lot of good things. thehould understand that
united states today remains the only major country on earth that does not guarantee health care to all people as a right, and that is why i will continue fighting and introduce forslation for a medicare all single-payer program guaranteeing health care to every man, woman, and child. when we talk about justice. when we talk about the need for all people in america to be treated equally and with dignity , we have got to deal with hard realities. include the fact today -- if you can believe it, and i know you can -- one in four black males can expect to spend time in prison during their lifetime unless we change that dynamic.
this is an unspeakable tragedy, and this country can no longer ignore that. at sixare in prison times the great of whites. in the report by the department of justice, blacks were three times more likely to be searched during a traffic stop than white motorists. african-americans are twice as likely to be arrested and almost four times as likely to experience the use of force during encounters with police. -- and this is an and stored neri -- an extraordinary figure -- 13% of african-american men have lost the right to vote due , can'tny convictions participate in the democratic political process. in my view, we need some major
changes in criminal justice in america, and as president of the united states, i promise you my justice department will be vigorous and fighting all forms of the scriven nation in , iny area of our lives every area that impacts minority populations. across our nation, as all of you know, and we seal must every day, too many african americans and other minorities find themselves subjected to a system that treats citizens who have not committed crimes as if they were criminals. a growing number of communities throughout this country do not trust the police, and police have become disconnected from
the community's they are sworn to protect. when i was mayor of burlington, vermont, one of the things we did that i believe in strongly is that we move towards community policing. community policing means police are part of the community, not seen as oppressors in the community, and that is the direction we have got to move. brown,bland, michael walter scott, freddie gray -- we know their names. each of them died on armed at the hands of police officers or in police custody. let us all be very clear. and brutality of any kind, particularly at the hands of law enforcement sworn to protect and serve their communities is unacceptable and must not be tolerated. [applause]
we must reform our criminal justice system, black life to matter, and we must value black lives. [applause] we must move away from the militarization of police forces. we have all seen this heavy-duty equipment. it looks like they are invading the city, going to war, and that is not the signal that the police departments should be signaling -- sending around this country. they should not be an oppressive force. we need a justice department which takes the lead and working with states and localities to train police officers. resort,ould be the last not the first resort. for people who have committed crimes that have landed them in jail, there needs to be a path back from prison.
-- we sendces in them to jail, they have no jobs, no money, no housing, and we are shocked when they end up in jail. we must in the over incarceration of nonviolent young americans who do not pose a serious threat to our society. it is an international embarrassment that we have more people in jail than any other country. that we obscenity stigmatize so many young americans with a criminal record for smoking marijuana, but oddly enough not one major wall street executive has been prosecuted for causing the near collapse of our entire economy. [applause] does it make a whole lot of sense to me. doesn't make a whole lot of
sense to me. we need to end prisons for profit. [applause] i do not want corporations making money and more money based on how many people we lock up. the measure of serious and effective law enforcement should not be how many people go to jail, but how many people we can keep out of jail. invest in drug courts, medical and mental health interventions. so many of our people in jail are dealing with mental health issues. as a senator, i get calls. others do as well. senator, my brother, i am worried what he will do to himself and other people. we searched desperately for affordable mental health care and we can't find it. that is a story going on all over america.
that is a story that has to change. [applause] , we have to take a hard look at the tragedy last .onth in south carolina it reminds me of that so strongly. there are still those who seek to terrorize, and they are terrorists, the african-american community with violence and intimidation. some of us thought that had ended, but it hasn't. we need to make sure that federal resources are available to crack down on the eagle --ivities -- the even legal illegal activities of hate groups. that has got to end and the
federal government must be active in ending that. brothers and sisters, thank you very much for allowing me to be a few and share some ideas. let me conclude in the tone that i began. [laughter] and that is that these are very difficult days. i believe that if we stand together as a people, if we don't let people divide us by , gender, sexual orientation -- if we stand together, if we have the courage to take on -- if we do today that, there is nothing we can't accomplish and i am confident
the urban league will be in the forefront of that struggle. thank you so much. [applause] >> senator bernie standards. three quick questions. we will have a questionnaire that will seek your position on our 21st century agenda. can you commit to respond to the questioner? sen. sanders: absolutely. >> millennial's are an important part of the electorate today, any word you would like to say specifically about the role that they will play in your campaign and administration or in the future of the nation? the otherrs: just day, some of you may know, we did something unprecedented. 3700 organizing meetings
in every state in this country bringing out more than 100,000 people. most of them were young people. believe very strongly, not only in terms of my campaign but in the future of this company the we have got to mobilize idealism and energy of young people, and my campaign will do everything we can to make that happen. >> an important part for the african-american community of the racial wealth gap, income inequality gap, has to do with the fact that our small entrepreneurs, african-american owned businesses, are facing frozen credit markets and difficulty to grow. talk about that in terms of how it fits into your thinking. sen. sanders: thank you for making that extreme he important point to people can succeed -- can't succeed in small business and leslie have affordable credit. on the broader level -- unless
they have affordable credit. street is an island unto itself, more concerned about their own profits than making affordable loans to small business and potential homeowners, and that's why i have called for the breaking up of the major financial institutions in this country, which will in fact increase credit to small and medium-sized businesses. >> senator bernie sanders, let's thank him for being here with us. sen. sanders: thank you very much. [applause] ladies and gentlemen, we will stand at ease. we have one more speaker today. don't go far. ♪
the cars on the street, red, white, and blue ,eople shuffling their feet people sleeping in their shoes there is a warning sign on the road ahead there are a lot of people saying we would be better off dead i don't feel like sitton, but i am to them keep on rocking in the free world keep on rocking in the free world keep on rocking in the free world on rocking in the free world
seats. let's give bernie sanders another round of applause. i want to thank all of the urban , ceos, younges professionals, guilders, board leaders, national and affiliate staff, let's give them a round of applause for all their work. has been a great morning, a great session. you have been a wonderful crowd. the, let's give representatives of the media of the media a big hand for coming out and supporting by letting the american people see this form today. our final candidate hails from a family that is no stranger to the state of florida, to the white house, or to american politics.
three generations of members of the bush family have served the federal government, and to have held the oval office. our next speaker is looking to win the trifecta. [laughter] next speaker served as governor of this state, the sunshine state of florida. ladies and gentlemen, please welcome to the national urban league governor jeb bush. ♪ jeb: thank you very much. i appreciate your hospitality and an excellent choice of the best state in which to hold your conference. i am not biased or anything. the urban league movement runs deep here. you were hoping to find the most diverse, dynamic, forward-looking site for your conviction -- convention, you came to the right place.
you are always welcome in florida. i thank you and the trustees for this kind invitation. i'm honored to be your guest. i am pleased to see other candidates, secretary clinton, governor o'malley, senator sanders, and a good man bringing a lot of wisdom to the republican side, dr. ben carson. he willay, i'm glad make it into the top 10 for next week's debate. before that thing is over, we might just need a doctor. [laughter] i'm just saying. [laughter] for my part, i am working hard every day for the vote. in politics, the best kind of support begins in friendship and fellowship. my florida friends and partners in the urban league include some of the most formidable people that any of us know. among them, a national trustee, education leader, and great woman, julia johnson.
give her a round of applause. [applause] and a man who basically build this movement from the ground up .imself in south florida [applause] this state for a job interview with the miami affiliate. as he tells the story, and i quote, i did not know if they intended to hire me, but i intended to be hired. ago.was 55 years [laughter] learned, when he intends for something to happen, don't be surprised when it does. he is an unstoppable leader and i am proud to call him my friend. after i lost my first election in 1994, i went through self reflection. i referred to it as listening and learning. i converted to my wife's catholic faith. i would give them the courthouses where there were
cases of children abused and neglected. parents, trying but unable to meet their obligations because of barriers, language, skills, or otherwise that held them back. in my next campaign, i visited 250 schools across florida, many of them in low income communities. i also partnered with the urban league greater miami to do something that was totally new to me. we built the liberty city charter school. at that time there were no charter schools in florida. we said, let's change the law. let's go build a charter school. let's start something new and helpful for people who should not have to wait for a real opportunity. together, we got it done. that first year, 90 black children in liberty city baig in their journey toward success -- begin their journey toward success. that was one of the proudest
moments of my life. through listening and learning, what i found were children who have the god-given ability to achieve, yet for reasons out of their hands, structural, historical, economic, they did not have the same chance at success of their peers. arounddebted to many' florida for giving me that perspective. person,me a better candidate in 1998, and a better governor for eight years that followed. the experience still shapes way i see the deep-seated challenges facing people and urban communities today. unjustthat there are barriers to opportunity and upward mobility in this country. some we can see, others are unseen, but just as real. so many lives can come to nothing or grief when we ignore problems or failed to meet our own responsibilities, and so many people could do so much better in life if we could come together and get a few big
things right and government. i acted on that belief as governor of florida. it is a record i will gladly compare with anyone else in the field. , leaders knowers there are 20 of tough calls, so we should not be wasting time over the easy ones. 14 years ago, when the question was whether to keep the , i said no andg put it in a museum where it belongs. [applause] another easy call was reaching out for talent wherever i found it, for my cabinet, staff, state agencies, and courts. you will not get good judgment and government when everybody comes from the same life experience. [applause] we increased the number of black for meridians serving by --
black floridians serving by 33%. i was particularly proud that during my governorship, the state use of minority owned businesses tripled. you can't serve all the people. we did it. [applause] most diverseh the appointments the state has seen, from my first day as governor to the last, respect was the rule, and opportunity for all was the goal. in most lives, opportunity is a hollow word unless you have the dignity of a job and a paycheck. it becomes real when people are hiring and the economy is growing, and that's what we accomplished here in florida. economy growing at 4.4% a year. average incomes went up in every group. we made florida the number one job creating state in the whole nation. [applause]
we applied conservative principles and apply them fairly, without wavering. that with fewer obstacles, more people have the opportunity to achieve our success. we get more people the tools to move up in the world through adult education and workforce training. we expanded our community college system, and made it more affordable for low income families. florida in those years help thousands more first-generation college students make it all the way to graduation. we did not lose sight of the ones who had missed their chance at a better life, or maybe lost their way and landed in jail. in florida, we did not want to fill prisons with nonviolent offenders, so we expanded drug courts. they started in florida and we expanded them all across the state, and we created prevention programs. would ase view, as i
president, that real justice in america has got to also include restorative justice. [applause] the first faith-based prison in the united states, and signed an executive order to promote the hiring of x offenders. in this country, we should not be writing people off, denying them a second chance at a life of meaning. many only ask for a chance to back inain, to get again and do it right. as a country, we should say yes when ever we can. [applause] realso went after the enemy that afflicts our cities, smugglers, drug cartels, violent criminals, that profit from the undoing of so many lies. crimesed laws for gun and ensure that dangerous people were caps off of our streets. as a result of all of this, we brought violent crime in florida down to a 27 your low and drug
abuse way down as well. social progress is always the story of widening the circle of opportunity. for that reason, i gave the challenge of school reform everything i had as governor. because if we fail at that responsibility, it is a bit or loss. i believe in the right to rise in this country, and a child is not reading. [applause] -- and a child is not rising if he is not reading. [applause] almost half of fourth graders were functionally illiterate, and was half of high school kids never graduated. we overhauled the whole system, set clear standards, and brought out the best in our great teachers. we insisted on testing and accountability. we created the first date i private school choice program in america. we expanded high performance charter schools and ended the
insidious policy of promotion and third grade, the practice of passing kids along as if we didn't care, because we didn't care, and we should care. you don't show that by counting out anyone's child. you give them all a chance, and that's what we did in florida. [applause] a lot changed in those years. rates went up. the number of students passing exams increased four times over. we became the leader in early childhood education, and we still are today. among minority children, florida saw the greatest gains anywhere in the united states, and what is that show? it shows that every child can learn, no matter the race, background, where they live. i know this can be done. the debate is changing. old orthodoxies are falling away, but we can never forget
that long-term reform does not help a child right now. years of learning are years that are lost forever. i think of the kids in washington dc who receive opportunity scholarships, a couple of thousand boys and girls, almost all black, have been given a chance to leave the worst schools and go to the best. yet every to leave the worst schools and go to the best. yet every year the unions and the politicians want to shut this down because they do not like parental choice, period. here is what i believe. highone should have standards and expectations and the federal government should have nothing to do with setting them. washington should provide support where the need is greatest, but building knowledge in shaping character is the work andrincipals, teachers,
parents. when president obama says "for too long we have been blind to the way past injustices continue he ispe the present," speaking the truth. [applause] should be just as candid about our failures of addressing problems later more recent origin. peoplecities, we have who have never known anything but poverty. it is a tragedy for them and such a loss to our country, because every one of them has a god-given purpose and god-given talents this world means. -- this world means. everyone of them was promised one big break in life to prove who they are and what they can do. for millions, it is a false promise. as technology advances, the
first rung of the latter is getting higher and higher and higher. i want to work with the urban league to end this adjustment -- this once andd for all. a war onon has pursued poverty and massive government programs funded with trillions of taxpayer dollars. this decades long effort, while well-intentioned, has been a losing one and the casualties can be counted in the millions who never had a chance at work, whose families fell victim to violence and drugs and the crushing of the spirit. one of the best anti-poverty emily, --s a strong strong family, led by two strong
terrence. poverty among dual parent families is about 7%. among month families with single mothers, 35%. the reason is simple. it is tougher to raise a family alone. too many kids are growing up .ithout their dads to exertumbent upon us the positive societal pressures that can turn the tide in the breakdown of fatherhood in america. but for many, that is not an option and there is no tougher job in the world than being a single mom. [applause] so, as governor of florida, i tried to do something about it. i doubled our efforts to collect child support payments. the children were better off because of that. quality education
and a family support system, ending the cycle of poverty improves access to jobs. i set a goal to defy my economic agenda should i become president. i do not for one moment except the new normal of anemic 2% growth. i believe we can achieve annual economic growth of 4% and a lot rides on the difference. the new normal is more businesses going under then starting up. 4% is a true revival of the private sector in 19 million new jobs. the new normal is the static present for struggling cities. more people are moving in, a , and more base revenues. a better chance to save our cities. we can do this as a country. .e can grow at a pace
big, audacious goals are second nature to the minimum and of the urban league. we have seen anger and violence yet again this year. when all of these issues i discuss make it harder and harder for people to imagine a hopeful future, it is easy to anger andere is disillusionment. trust in our vital institutions historic lows. it is up to all of us to rebuild that trust. that happens one person at a time, one politician at a time, when police officer at a time. one community leader at a time. it begins with respect, gologue, and the courage to out in peace.
that is exactly what we saw with two of your affiliate presidents . [applause] tested, anden were they showed us the way. strength of love, as martin , alwaysing called it shows the way. and sometimes, as in charleston last month, it shines as a true light in the darkness as the community of that city found such grace, such. he of hearts, such boundless heart,- such purity of such boundless mercy in the face of evil. we hope that it told people something good about this nation and it surely did. but even more that congregation of believers and that city bore
witness to a character that built a movement and inspires it to this day. i will endeavor to live up to the goodness of charleston and work with you to better our as youries, whether neighbor or as her president. i know there are great and lasting things we can achieve together. maybe only together. faithful to its ideals of equality and justice for all. your support in that effort is something i will work every day to earn. i work for your friendship and i ask for your vote. i bless you all and thank you for your invitation. and thankss you all you for your invitation. >> of her bush, one more time -- we at the national urban league will promulgate -- ladies and gentlemen, please keep your seat .
i have three questions and then an announcement about the schedule for today. we are going to promulgate a questionnaire. you are in. and then the other two questions, the young people, the , andeneration, millennials the second one, small businesses, african-american owned his misses, poverty, and what do you do about that? governor bush: when it comes to millennials, if you think about it, young people have not gotten a good deal. college graduation rates are lower than our generation -- or my generation. marc: thank you. [laughter] it is amazing. we have flatlined those levels. student loans have grown exponentially, but regulation rates have not risen. so, young people are stuck with
debt. the job market growing at 2% is not creating the first rung on the latter for young people. our government is obsolete. they are frustrated with that because they are much more tech savvy. we are not growing at a rate that lifts people up. designed toacare is be effective for young people to be mandated to be in the exchanges to take care of people that are our age that may not be potentially as healthy. we have not given them a great deal. you are in great shape. but the point is, we have to create a high growth strategy for people. one of the ways that you do that as relates to african-american owned businesses is to use the power of government. we had a tough fight with a program called one florida. it was very controversial.
but we ended up, because we turned it into a leadership model -- instead of saying we are going to have a bunch of people certifying businesses. i pretty much know you are a black man. you pretty much know i am a white guy, right? i do not need to spend a lot of quality time going through that. so, we turned these bureaucrats officers into marketing arms for businesses and the amount of increase of procurement for black-owned and hispanic owned and women-owned businesses grew exponentially, 400%. play a useful role in providing opportunities for people that may make it possible for them to sustained or business and expand. i think that is a useful place for us to operate as well. the final thing, access to , the issue has been made complicated most
financial regulatory system. and i tell you, the two big to fail challenge israel. i -- the too big to fail challenge is real. is, the same rules apply to small banks, community thes, banks embedded in community for urban and rural and the net result is they cannot sustain their business because they have to hire the same compliance officers, lawyers, and accountants as jpmorgan does. if we're going to be serious about making sure the next generation of entrepreneurs gets capital, we better protect capital. you, governor. ladies and gentlemen, governor jeb bush. ♪ gentlemen,s and 0unch will start at 12:3
instead of 12:00. workshops will go from 11:00 until 12:15. please note the change. violence violence living it up in the city got to kiss myself so pretty two hot -- too hot hot damn say my name you know who i am too hot hot damn girl say hallelujah say hallelujah because of town funk is going to give it to ya because of town funk is going to give it to ya don't believe me, just watch
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lifeerything for give me everything tonight's give me everything tonight ♪ [rapping] >> will, your calls and covenants on washington journal. comments on washington journal. secretary of state john kerry and energy secretary ernest money is on a house hearing on the iran nuclear agreement. >> the republican presidential
candidates are in new hampshire for the first presidential forum. in c-span's road to the white house is providing coverage of the two forum on c-span, c-span radio and c-span.org. the new hampshire union leader along with review -- media organizations are sponsoring this forum. following the four of you can provide your input by joining our calling program or joining us on facebook and twitter. morning daily mail reported francesca chambers talks about the state department release of e-mails of then secretary of state clinton. n the economic outlook for the united states and the excitations for the federal reserve to raise interest rates is here. you can join the conversation on
facebook and twitter. washington journal is next. ♪ good morning to you. it is saturday, august 1. today, we are taught about the laws and regulations surrounding a game hunting. legitimate force check of the debate started after a minnesota m killed a zimbabwe. the u.s. fish and wildlife services is currently trying to track down the hunter. we want to know what you think. if you leav