tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN August 28, 2015 10:00am-11:01am EDT
continue c-span cities tour with a visit to galveston, texas, starting at 6:00 eastern. we'll tour an 1877 merchant sailing ship and we will hear about the juneteenth juneteenth celebration in the end of slavery. we will also hear back from hurricane ike and the destruction in 2000 eight. this afternoon it is at 6:00 eastern time. president obama was in new orleans yesterday to mark the 10 year anniversary of hurricane katrina. coordinating the flooding was in the worldwide. i talk with residents also came. [applause]
president obama: every have a seat. hello. where are you? in the bigto be back easy. and, this is the weather in august every summer. soon as i land in new orleans the first thing i do is get hungry. when i was here at the family a few years ago i had shrimp, at the bakery. i still remember it. office maybe leave i will finally get a rebirth at the maple leaf on tuesday night.
see theet a chance to mardi gras and celebration. now, i just go to meetings. i want to thank michelle for the introduction, and more importantly for the great work she is doing, what she symbolizes, what she represents in terms of bouncing back. i want to acknowledge the great friend and someone who has , worked tirelessly on behalf of the city. he is following a family legacy of service. your mayor, mitch landrieu. [applause] proud of him. his beautiful wife. senator bill cassidy is here. where did he go? there is he. congressman cedric richmond. [applause] where is he?
there he is over there. lifelong champion of louisiana, mary landrieu in the house. [applause] i want to acknowledge a great supporter to the efforts to recover and rebuild, congressman hakeem jeffries of new york. he has traveled down here with us. to all the elected officials from louisiana and mississippi who are here today, thank you so much for your reception. i am here to talk about a specific recovery. but before i begin to talk just about new orleans, i want to
talk about america for just a minute. take a moment of presidential privilege to talk about what has been happening in our economy. this morning we learned our economy grew at a stronger and more robust clip back in the spring than anybody knew at the time. the data always lags. we knew that over the past five and a half years, our businesses have created 13 million new jobs. [applause] these new numbers that came out, showing how the economy was growing at a 3.7% clip means that the u.s. remains an anchor of global strength and stability in the world. that we have recovered faster, more steadily, stronger, then -- than just about any economy since the worst financial crisis since the great depression. it's important for us to remember that strength.
i spent a few weeks around the world. -- it has been a volatile week around the world. there has been a lot of reported in the news about stock market swinging, worries about china and europe. the united states of america, for all the challenges that we still have, continue to have the best cards. we just have to play them right. our economy has been moving and continues to grow. unemployment continues to come down. our work is not yet done, but we have to have that sense of of steadiness and vision and purpose to sustain this were economy -- this economy so that it does not reach only some. that is why we need to do everything we can in government to make sure our economy keeps growing.
that requires congress to protect our momentum, not kill it. congress is about to come back on a six-week recess. the deadline to fund the government is, as always, the end of september. i want everybody to understand that congress has about a month to pass a budget that helps our economy grow. otherwise we risk shutting down the government and services we all caps on it for the second time in two years. that would not be responsible. it does not have to happen. congress needs to fund america in a way that is best for growth insecurity, and not cut us off at the knees by locking in mindless austerity or shortsighted sequester cuts to our economy were military. i will veto a budget like that, and most americans will agree. we have to invest in, rather than cut military readiness, infrastructure, schools, public health, research and develop it that keeps our companies on the
cutting edge. that is what great nations do. that is what great nations do. [applause] know eventually we're going to do it anyway, so let's just do it without another round of threats to shut down the government. [applause] let's not introduce partisan issues. nobody gets to hold the american economy hostage over their own ideological demands. you, the people that sent us to washington, expect better, am i correct? [applause] my message to congress is, pass a budget, prevent a shutdown, don't wait till the last minute. don't worry our businesses or workers by contributing unnecessarily to uncertainty. get it done.
now, that's a process of national recovery that from coast to coast, we have been going through. there has been a specific process of recovery that is perhaps unique in my lifetime. right here in the state of louisiana, right here in new orleans. [applause] not long ago, our gathering here in the lower nine would have seemed unlikely. as i was flying here today with a home girl from louisiana. she saved all the magazines, and she was whipping them out. one was a picture of the lower
ninths right after the storms. the notion that they are getting left seemed unimaginable at the time. today, this new community center stands as a symbol of the extraordinary resilience of this city. the extraordinary resilience of its people. the extraordinary resilience of the entire gulf coast and of the united states of america. you are an example of what is possible, when in the face of tragedy and hardship, good people come together. to lend a hand. and brick by brick, block by block, neighborhood by neighborhood, you build a better future. and that, more than any other reason, is why i have come back here today. plus mitch landrieu asked me to. [laughter]
it has been 10 years since katrina hit. devastating communities in louisiana and mississippi across the gulf coast. in the days following landfall, more than 1800 of our fellow citizens, men, women, and children lost their lives. some of the folks in this room may have lost a loved one in that storm. thousands of people saw their homes destroyed. livelihoods wiped out. hopes and dreams shattered. many scattered in an exodus to cities across the country. and too many still haven't returned. those who stayed and lived
through that epic struggle still feel the trauma sometimes. a woman from a gentilly recently wrote me, a deep part of the whole story is the grief. there was grief then, and there is still some grief in our hearts. here in new orleans, a city that embodies a celebration of life suddenly seems devoid of life. the place once defined by color and sound, the second line down the street, the backyards, the music always in the air, suddenly it was dark and silent. the world watched in horror. they saw those rising waters drown the iconic streets of new orleans. families stranded on rooftops. bodies in the streets.
children crying, crowded in the superdome. an american city dark and underwater. this was something that was supposed to never happen here. maybe someplace else, but never hear, never in america. what started out as a natural disaster became a man-made disaster. a failure of government to look out for its own citizens. and the storm laid bare a deeper tragedy that had been brewing for decades. we came to understand that new orleans, like so many cities and committees across the country, had for too long been plagued by structural inequalities that left too many people, especially poor people, especially people
color without health care or decent housing. too many kids grew up with violent crime, cycling through substandard schools, making it harder to break out of poverty. like a body weakened, already undernourished, when the storm hit, there was no resources to fall back on. shortly after the storm i visited with folks not here because we couldn't distract recovery efforts -- instead i visited folks in a shelter in houston, many folks who had been displaced. one woman told me, we have nothing before the hurricane,
and now we have less than nothing. we had nothing before the hurricane, now we have less than nothing. we acknowledge this loss and this pain. not to dwell on the past. not to wallow in grief. we do it to fortify our commitment and to bolster our hope. to understand what it is we have learned and how far we have come. because this is a city that slowly, unmistakably, together is moving forward. the project of building wasn't rebuild the city as it had been, but to build it as it should be. a city, where no matter what how much money you have, where you
come from, whether rich or poor, has a chance to make it. [applause] i am here to say that on that larger project, a better, stronger, more just new orleans. the progress you have made is remarkable. [applause] that's not to say things are perfect. mitch would be the first one to say that. we know that african-americans and folks in hard-hit parishes like st. bernard are less likely to feel like they've recovered. certainly we know violence scars the lives of so many youth in this city. as hard as rebuilding levees are, as hard as -- i agree with that.
but -- i will get to that. thank you ma'am. as hard as rebuilding levees are, as hard as rebuilding housing is, we need a lasting, structural change. that is even harder. it takes courage to experiment with new ideas and change the old ways of doing things. that is hard. getting it right and making sure that everybody is included. and that everybody has a fair shot at success. that takes time. that is not unique to new orleans. we have those challenges all across the country. but i am here to say, here to hold up a mirror and say, because of you, the people of new orleans working together, this city is moving in the right direction. and i have never been more
confident that together, we will get to where we need to go. you inspire me. [applause] your efforts inspire me. and no matter how hard it has been, and how long the road ahead might seem, you are working and building and striving for a better tomorrow. i see evidence of it all across this city. and by the way, along the way, the people of new orleans didn't just inspire me, you inspired all of america. folks have been watching what has happened here. and they have seen a reflection of the very best of the american spirit. as president, i have been proud to be your partner. across the board, i made the recovery and rebuilding of the gulf coast a priority.
i made promises when i was a senator that i would help. and i've kept those promises. [applause] we're cutting red tape to help you build back and stronger. we are taking the lessons we have learned here and applied them across the country, including places like new york and new jersey from hurricane sandy. if katrina was initially an example of what happens when government fails, the recovery has been an example of what is possible when government works together. state, local, community. [applause] everybody working together as partners. together, we have delivered resources that help louisiana, mississippi, alabama and florida rebuild schools and hospitals, roads, police and fire stations, restore historic buildings and
museums. and we're building smarter. doing everything from elevating homes to retrofitting buildings, to improving drainage. so that our communities are prepared for the next storm. working together, we have transformed education in this city. before the storm, new orleans public schools were largely broken. generations of low income kids had no decent education. today, educators, school leaders, nonprofits -- we are seeing real gains in achievement with new schools, more resources to retain and support great teachers and principals. we have data that shows for the storm, high school graduation rate was 54%. today it is up to 73%. [applause] before the storm, college enrollment with 37%. today it is almost 60%.
[applause] we still have a long way to go, but that is real progress. new orleans is coming back better and stronger. working together, we are providing housing assistance to more families today than before the storm. with new apartment and housing vouchers. we will keep working until everybody that wants to come home can come home. [applause] together, we are building a new orleans that is entrepreneurial as any place in the country, with a focus on expanding jobs and making sure that more people benefit from a growing economy. we are creating jobs to rebuild the city's transportation infrastructure. expanding trading programs for high-tech manufacturing, but also water management.
we could use some good water management around here. we want to make sure everybody has access to those good, well-paying jobs. small businesses, like michelle's, are growing. small businesses like hers are helping to fuel 65 straight months of private-sector job growth in america. that is the longest streak in american history. [applause] together, we are doing more to make sure that everyone in this video has access to great health care. -- that everyone in this city has access to great health care. access to neighborhood clinics so that people can get preventative care they need. we are building a new va medical center downtown alongside a biomedical sciences quarter that is attracting jobs and investment. we are working to make sure that we have additional mental health facilities across the city and across the country.
and more people have access to quality, affordable health care. more than 60 million americans have gained health insurance over the past few years. [applause] all of this progress is a result of the commitment and drive of the people of this region. i saw that spirit today. mitch and i started walking around a bit. such a nice day outside. we went to trim a and saw returning residents in brand-new homes, mixed income. new homes near schools and clinics and parks. childcare centers. more opportunities for working families. we saw that spirit today at willie mays scott's house. after trina had destroyed that;
legendary restaurant. some of the best chefs in the country decided that america cannot afford to lose such a place. they came down here to help. they helped rebuild. i just sampled some of her fried chicken. it was really good. [laughter] although i did get a grease spot on my suit. but that's ok. if you come to new orleans and you don't have a grease spot somewhere-- [laughter] then you didn't enjoy the city. [applause] just glad i didn't get it on my tie. we all just heard that spirit of new orleans and the remarkable young people from roots of music. [applause]
when the storm washed away a lot of middle school music programs, roots of music help fill that gap. it is building the next generation of musical talent. the next trombone shorty, or the next dr. john. the wonderful men i met earlier, who focused on reducing the number of murders in the city of new orleans. [applause] there is a program that works the white house, my brother's keeper initiative, to make sure that all young people, particularly boys and young men of color who so just fortunately are impacted -- who so disproportionately are impacted by crime and violence. they have the opportunity to fill their full potential. in fact, after the storm, this
city became a laboratory for urban innovation across the board. and we have been tackling, with you, as a partner, all sorts of major challenges. fighting poverty, supporting homeless veterans. and as a result, new orleans has become a model for the nation as the first city, the first major city to end veteran's homelessness. [applause] which is a remarkable achievement. you are also becoming a model for the nation and it comes to disaster response and resilience. we learned lessons from katrina. the u.s. army corps of engineers learned more stricter standards for levees. here in louisiana, we built a $14 billion system of levees and pump stations and gates. a system that stood the test of hurricanes past. i have to say, there is a man named craig that runs fema.
his team of across the country have done extraordinary work. i love me some craig. [laughter] he gets excited when there are disasters. he gets restless if everything is just quiet. [laughter] but under his leadership, we revamped fema into a stronger and more efficient agency. in fact, the whole federal government has gotten smarter at recovering and preventing disasters. and serving as a better partner to local and state governments. and as i'll talk about next week when i visit alaska, making our communities more resilient is going to be increasingly important.
because we are going to see more extreme weather events as a result of climate change. deadlier wildfires, stronger storms. that is why in addition to things like new and better levees, we have also been investing in restoring natural systems that are just as critical for storm protection. we have made a lot of progress over the past 10 years. you have made a lot of progress. that gives us hope. but it doesn't allow for complacency. it doesn't mean we can rest. our work here won't be done when almost 40% of children still live in poverty in this region. that is not a finished job. that is not a full recovery. our work will be done when a typical black household earns half the income as a typical white household. the work is not done yet. [applause] our work is not done when there
are still too many people who have yet to find a good, affordable housing. and too many people, especially african-american men, who can't find a job. not when there are still too many people who have not been able to come back home. folks who, around the country every day, live the words sung by louis armstrong, "do you know what it means to miss new orleans?" but the thing is, the people of new orleans -- there is something in you guys that is irrepressible. you have a way of making a way out of no way. you know that the sun comes out after every storm. you've got hope.
especially your young people reflect hope. young people like victor carter. stand up, victor. i was just talking to him. i had lunch with him. he is a fine young man i just met with. [applause] stand up everybody. these are the guys who i ate chicken with. [applause] really impressive. they have overcome more than their fair share of challenges. but are still focused on the future. i don't want you to start getting embarrassed. [laughter] i'll just give you one example. victor grew up in the eighth ward. gifted art student. he loved math. he was 13 when katrina hit.
he remembers waking up to what looked like some thing out of a disaster movie. he was around the city, towing his brother in a trashcan to keep afloat. they fled to texas. six months later they returned. the city was almost unrecognizable. victor saw those trying to cope. many of them still, ties and -- still traumatized. and their lives disorganized. he joined an organization to get more involved. recently, he finished a coding boot camp. at operation spark. he wants to interviews more introduce more people to science and civics so they have the tools to change the world. so victor and these young men i just met with have overcome extraordinary odds. they have lived through most
than more than us will ever have to endure. they have made -- [applause] president obama: they have made some mistakes along the way. but for all that they have been through, they have been just as determined to improve their own lives, to take responsibility for themselves, but also to see if they can help others along the way. so when i talk to young men like them, that gives me hope. it is still hard. i told them they cannot get down on themselves. tough stuff will happen along the way. but if they have come this far, they can keep on going, and americans like you -- [applause] the people of new orleans, young
men like this, you are what recovery has been all about. you are why i am confident that we can recover from crises and start moving forward. you have helped this country recover from a crisis. you are the reason 13 million new jobs have been created, you are the reason that layoffs are near an all-time low, you are the reason the uninsured rate is at an all-time low and the high school graduation rate is an all-time high and the deficit has been cut, and nearly 180,000 troops serving in iraq and afghanistan have now gone down to 15,000, and a clean energy revolution is helping to save this planet. you are the why people have the freedom to marry whoever they love from sea to shining sea.
you know, i tell you -- [applause] president obama: we are moving into the next presidential cycle, in the next political season, and you will hear a lot of people telling you everything that is wrong with america. and that is ok. that is a proper part of our democracy. one of the things about america is we are never satisfied. we keep pushing forward. we keep asking questions. we keep challenging our government. we keep challenging our leaders. we keep looking for the next set of challenges to tackle. we find what is wrong because we have confidence we can fix it. but it is important we remember
what is right and what is good and what is hopeful about this country. it is worth remembering that for all the tragedy, for all the images of katrina in those first few days, those first few months, look at what has happened here. it is worth remembering that thousand of americans like michelle and victor and ms. mae and the folks who rallied around her. americans all across this country who, when they saw neighbors and friends or strangers in need, came out and people who today still spend their time every day helping us, rolling up their sleeves, doing the hard work of changing this country, without the need for credit or the need for glory. do not get their name in the papers, do not see their day in the sun. they do it because it is right.
these americans live the basic values that define this country, a value that we have been reminded of in these past 10 years as we come back from a crisis that changed the city and an economic crisis that spread throughout the nation, the basic notion that i am my brother's keeper and i am my sister's keeper and we are in this together. that is the story of new orleans, but also the story of america, a city that for almost 300 years has been the gateway to america's soul, where the jazz makes you cry, the funerals make you dance, the bayou makes you believe all kinds of things -- [laughter] president obama: a place that has brought together all kinds of people of races and religions and languages and everybody adds their culture and flavor into the city gumbo.
you remind our nation that for all of our differences, we are in the same boat, we all share a similar destiny. if we stay focused on that, on that common purpose, and also responsibility and obligation to one another, we will not just rebuild this city, we will rebuild this country. we will make sure not just these young men, but every child in america has a structure and support and love and the kind of nurturing that they need to succeed. we will leave behind a city and a nation that is worthy of generations to come. that is what you have got to start with. now we have got to finish the job. thank you. god bless you. god bless america. thank you. [applause]
>> president obama yesterday the ap reports this morning that florida governor rick scott has declared a state of emergency and florida as tropical storm erika enters the state. the storm poses a severe threat to the entire state. it could hit the peninsula on monday and then head north. one day after the president marked the 10th anniversary of hurricane katrina by visiting new orleans. former president george w. bush will follow today. he will deliver marks at east charter high school. he visited onl
the first anniversary of the storm. and democratic presidential candidates are in minneapolis today. they will be speaking at the summer meeting. hillary clinton will speak this morning. have live coverage of that this afternoon. as martin o'malley and bernie sanders. live coverage of the democratic national committee gets underway at 11:00 eastern time in 15 minutes. later this afternoon, we will continue c-span city tour. you have a visit to galveston texas. it is a tour of an 1877 merchant sailing ship. we will hear about the juneteenth celebration of the end of slavery. we will look back to hurricane ike and its construction in 2008. it is a tour of galveston texas starting at 6:00 eastern time. this weekend on the network. politics, books and american history. on c-span saturday at 6:00 p.m.
time eastern. speakers include president bill clinton and new orleans mayor mitch landrieu. on a road to the white house coverage, speeches from democratic candidates hillary quentin and bernie sanders at the democratic national committee summer meeting in minneapolis. on c-span saturday at 10:00 eastern time. to newrds, author speaks york times immigration reporter luz roberts about his book undocumented. it traces his journey in the united states from an undocumented immigrant to the top of his class at princeton university. on sunday to mark the 10th anniversary of hurricane katrina several survivors of the storm, including haley barbour and investigative reporter roddy green. american history tv is c-span3, saturday afternoon. p.m. minutes after 2:00
former astronaut don thomas discusses the history of the space station. development ofe programs and since the early 1950's. sunday at 4:00 p.m. on railamerica, appointments in tokyo. is a 1945 u.s. army signal corps own documentary. from the japanese invasion of the philippines, and the japan death march through the surrender ceremony on september 2, 1945. get our complete schedule at c-span.org. republican presidential candidate jeb bush tweeted out this picture saying the team and i really broke a sweat thanks to some former navy seals, and maybe that's. great run with american heroes. he visited the us-mexico border and talked about his plan to hamill -- handle immigration. he was also asked about his use of the term anchor babies. his comments near mcallen texas
candid and frank on items we care about the most, our economy, border security, and we care about our schools and our roads, and we had a tremendous group put together with a tremendous field of knowledge that provides the insights that we need to give to the next resident of the united states, jeb bush. [applause] >> we have improvement district number three. discussing border security and issues on the river. >> i am jimmy guards are, i am a former city commissioner, and i am voting for jeb. >> i am mayor of the south. >> i am with the school district, and we are all in for jeb.
>> i am here from the city of mission, and thank you for being here today. >> i appreciate, we had other people providing pretty solid advice as well. mr. bush: the consensus was there needs to be more support for local governments to do their jobs in concert with the border patrol. 50 plus percent of all of the crossing is from brownsville to san diego and happen here in this county, pretty amazing, and providing support to the local government makes a lot of sense to me. second, focusing on how you balance the economic interests of a region like this and border security. you have to make sure you do this in a way that does not make it hard for people's livelihoods to continue to prosper and grow.
this is a place where a lot of business comes. the mayor made that point, so that was an important point, and finally, i would suggest that the proposal made by another candidate of building a fence based on just the common sense practices that are being applied here doesn't work. you have to have a much deeper strategy than just building a fence. there has to be much more coordination with local and state law enforcement. there has to be more focused on a virtual fence, which i have proposed as relates to using gps technology, drone it technology, other things like that. the border patrol needs to act on a strategy and stick with it. there is too much politicizing of what they do. they do good work, but too much influence from washington, d.c., to be effective, and a final point that is really important to understand is that the majority of people crossing the border here are not coming from mexico. they are coming from honduras,
guatemala, and el salvador. they are part of the northern triangle countries that have taken advantage of a loophole in the law that was passed a few years ago, and i think that creating a healthy deterrent effect to be able to make sure that these particularly young kids do not cross all the way through mexico to come to be processed into our country is just completely inappropriate. our examples of doing at the right way, where you create a healthy deterrent effect, where people's lives are not in jeopardy, so i have learned a lot, and invalidated my belief that we need to have a comprehensive strategy to have for security unique to the circumstances of each part of the region that is impacted by this. welcome. i happy to answer any questions. >> that other candidates. you mentioned that other candidate -- so donald trump had a message for you this morning. he said he would come here, and you would learn that illegal immigration is not an act of
love. what do you think? mr. bush: well, i say mr. trump's plans would cost hundreds of billions of dollars, it is not realistic, it will not be implemented, and we need to get this country back on track, so i am not going to get into the issues of what he said and i said. the simple fact is his proposal is unrealistic. it would cost hundreds of billions of dollars. it would violate people's civil liberties. it would create friction with our third-largest trading partner, which is not necessary. i think he is wrong about this. if he is interested in a comprehensive approach, he would like to read my book. i welcome mr. trump into the debate. that is great. he is a serious candidate, and he should be held to what serious candidate need to be held to. he should be held to his views. >> political dreamers. >> [speaking spanish]
>> what about this region attracts you? what is it that you are looking for here? mr. bush: i spent a lot of time here growing up. it is a beautiful part of the country. people may not remember, but i was born in midland and grew up in houston and came here campaigning for my brother, my father. i love the valley, so i decided to be here, and we are going to campaign hard. on march 1, we have the texas primary, and my intention is to win the texas primary, in case anyone is interested in it. [applause] >> do you worry about using the term anchor babies being able to affect your getting the spanish boat?
mr. bush: my life, the fact that i am immersed in the immigrant experience, this is ludicrous for others to suggest that somehow i am using a derogatory term. what i was talking about was a specific case of fraud being committed, and, frankly, it is more related to asian people coming into our country, having children in an organized effort, taking advantage of a noble concept, which is birthright citizenship. i support the 14th amendment. nothing about what i have said is to be viewed as derogatory towards immigrants at all. this is how politics plays, and by the way, i think we need to take a step back and chill out about the political correctness every time you say something. it is not there to be taken out of context, and i do not think it is appropriate.
grexit will you stick to using that term? mr. bush: i was referring to a specific, targeted kind of case where they are organizing to bring pregnant women in the country who are having children that become citizens. that is fraud. we need to enforce the law. we need to create a more secure border, but across the spectrum. 40% of the people who come here that are here illegally today came on legal visas. enforcing the immigration laws of our country needs to be a priority. putting more resources. >> how will you refer to this issue? mr. bush: this is so ridiculous. give me the name, and i will use it. that is exactly what i was talking about. >> [speaking spanish]
these broken things and washington, d.c. rather than talking about how bad things are, with a broken immigration system, both the legal side and the illegal side are broken. i have proven leadership skills things that matter. now i am going to go and say hello to people. >> as a current high school student, i would like to ask a question that relates to us. what do you feel about college costs that are too? are they too high? absolutely costs are too high and what we have done, we have created a system up tuition costs that grow faster than any other type of cost, far faster, and the inefficiencies are passed on effectively with recourse debt for students. universities need to have skin in the game. students can't get a job after they