tv Book Discussion on From La Florida to La California CSPAN September 4, 2015 6:00pm-6:13pm EDT
at 11:45 a.m. eastern, authors share their thoughts on social and political issues. onamerican history tv c-span3, saturday evening at 8:00 on lectures in history, boise state university professor lisa brady explains how defoliation chemical agents used during the korean and vietnam wars created long-term damage to both people and the environment. theay afternoon at 4:00, 1958 national education association film addressing overcrowded schools following .he post world war ii baby-boom and on labor day monday, our interview with billionaire philanthropist david rubenstein. get our complete schedule at c-span.org. the c-span cities tour visits literary and historic sites across the nation.
this is every other weekend on c-span two's book tv on c-span3. we will close out the series with a trip to saint augustine, florida to learn about the literary life of that eddie. up next, we hear about the coeditor of the book "from la florida." to la it is about the monks who settled saint augustine. >> [speaking foreign language] prof. johnson: we are at the mission grounds.
place whereis the ,n september of 1565, menendez the first explorer here to this part who stayed, landed here not far from us and celebrated the first mass here on this site. shrine foras been a many years and is particularly important if you notice behind me the church great this is the church that is dedicated to our lady of la leche. that is our lady of the milk. that was brought from spain. it was put in this area in the 1600s and became a very popular site for those who wanted to come to pray in general in both support of mary, but in particular, it became well-known for those who are struggling to conceive. there was a natural link then
.etween mothers and this site it's particularly important i think in light of the people that lived in this area because we have different groups of indigenous people and among them tre the two moke what -- umuqua. people, power is passed through the maternal line. you can see how, as christianity was introduced here, the devotion to mary not only -- the devotion to mary had a special link with the people of this area who recognize the importance of mothers in tribal culture. the purpose was, for many years, there had been attempt by the spanish to settle in florida. the attempts failed for various reasons. established an
outpost in the area of jacksonville. that was a group of french he cannot -- hebenau ts. this would have been a place where potentially the treasure galleys that were coming from the caribbean would pass by this area before they would head out over the ocean. there was a strategic point of being here. it's important to remember that politics and economics were crucial, but there was also a religious mandate that menendez had received from the king that he was supposed to evangelize, he was supposed to bring the catholic faith to the people here. this was the intent that he established. francis was an up and coming
businessman. he had a remarkable encounter outside of the walls of the city one day. he was struck by the suffering of the lepers and was moved in some mysterious ways he says to exchange his riches for their poverty. he began to live and work with the lepers and pretty soon, any number of young people from that city were inspired to follow his example. what happened was very quickly, this movement, this local movement from this small town north of rome, began to spread very rapidly through europe. time of columbus, columbus himself had been highly influenced by the franciscans. he had been in consultation with them prior to coming to the united states. ' view of lifes was something very well known by columbus.
the spanish royalty were very much in favor of getting the franciscans to come to the new world. with that, menendez had some context with franciscans and through the king of spain, was able to appeal to the franciscans to come. what happens is, in 1573, 12 franciscans show up. that is a model of the 12 disciples which had been mirrored earlier in mexico in historical circles. the friars came here and establish their first outpost which was the convent in town here. the interesting thing i think for many of us because we did this book on the spanish borderlands, in other words the franciscans in california, arizona, texas, and florida, what marx and distinguishes the franciscan experience in florida is that when they arrive here,
they encounter a group of people that had a class structure they could relate to. in other words, there was a clear hierarchical order to the indigenous societies here. the spanish made an effort to recognize the individual classes and offered corresponding will,s, gifts if you recognition of their status within the society. this meant that, as opposed to some other areas, they were able to integrate into the society fairly easily compared to some other parts of the country or of the new world. it happened here is that the franciscans were following intentionally or not the early model of francis who said that you should go at least one of of the gospel to live with the people. in set of big monasteries being built and the indigenous people being brought to the monasteries, the franciscans went out often one by one, lived
in some of these different villages and formed what were called doctrinas. they would teach the doctrine of the faith in the village and they had numerous outlined areas they would go to visit and proclaim the faith there. say thatnot be true to there were no problems and no struggles, but in contrast and in comparison to different franciscan evangelization efforts, it is clear that something very special happened here in florida here it -- florida. franciscans who were here, they introduced to the people a way of writing so that they were able to put their spoken language into a written form with grammar. that means they are the first indigenous written grammatical language in the united states. evangelization here was not simply standing on a street corridor -- corner and
preaching. it was an entire educational system that franciscans had set up already in spain. this was a worldwide effort because missions were going on in peru, the philippines. the same things they were trying to do their, they were doing here. that means you have native, indigenous authors in florida already around 1600 which has really changed our understanding of the indigenous peoples of this area. when the spanish which are what, they would have symbols. there was a symbol of the cross that was here. the spanish would kneel before it and kiss it. we see indigenous peoples here also doing the same thing. in other words, they connect worship to particular symbols. that was one way that they communicated. records from the different churches here in this area over the 200 years the franciscans , we recognize there were a lot of images and statues here.
in other words, the churches were clearly filled with paintings, statues. that was one of the most direct ways of transmitting the faith cometh through the visual. that thehave reports spanish also introduced the indigenous peoples to music and music became an incredible way of transmitting the faith because they would sing. this is a very franciscan way of evangelization and goes all the way back to francis who wrote of very famous canticle brother-son. language is a very important part of praising god, spreading poetry, allo music, of these different ways you can get people involved with the become essential to evangelization.
they prided themselves in a mention againd and again in their chronicles and letters that they made a special effort to learn the languages of the people. we know from different accounts that there were any number of franciscans who were at least and preach,tion teach in those languages. -- >> [speaking foreign language] gov. walker: this is the longest -- prof. johnson: this is the longest cortical city in the united states. ,he culture in many ways remember, 200 years is a pretty od -- period of
time. so for many years, there was a thriving multiethnic culture that was filtered through spanish piety, spanish teletext, spanish economics, and it still shows. -- spanish politics it shows in the layout of the city. it is a wonderful place where you you can see the other story of the united states which is not told is incredibly important , not just because of what it says about florida and the united states, but because of the international dimension. long before internationalization became a buzzword, this place people'sd by different , ethnic groups, cultures, languages, trades, and religions. >> we continue our tour of the literary life of saint augustine with the author of "mr.