tv St. Augustine Historical Society Research Library CSPAN September 4, 2015 6:45pm-7:00pm EDT
accountability and lack of due process. anytime people take the law into their own hands on either side, the problem is the lack of accountability that law enforcement has. the fact that a white person can shoot and kill, not injure, not wound, but can shoot and kill an african-american and face no penalty for it? that's a very real issue, and what many people fail to realize is that that's an issue that has a long historical precedent in this nation. to ignore it is to continue the same mistakes that were made in the past, in my opinion. >> the c-span cities tour stopped by the st. augustine historical society research library to look at documents, memoirs and photographs from different periods in this city's history.
we're standing today at the segui kirby smith house. it was built in the 17 80's. the building was given to the st. augustine historical society and in march 3rd of 1995, the historical society research library opened up in this building. today we have a wide range of materials. for example, we have ledger art that was done by the plains indians that were held captive in fort marion. we have a seminole war journal by fert are dr. mott. we also have a fascinating piece which was in the st. augustine link and it relates to warren g. harding. we have the first journal for the ski council under the united states territorial act and from -- almost from the first day that the society was founded, we've been trying to collect documents, images, and other material relating to the
history. st. augustine was founded 450 years ago this year and it's the oldest continuously occupied european city on the -- in the united states. so here at the st. augustine historical society, we try to collect material to allow people to be able to research that history and also to sort of make the entire united states aware of the importance of st. augustine. in 1763 as part of the treaties that ended the french and indian seven years war, the french and indian war here in the united states, the british had captured cuba, half narcs and the spaniards, in order to get -- retain havana in cuba, traded florida to the british. o we had two primary governs during the spanish period, they were here from 1763 to 1783.
there was governor grants and governor tonen. we were lucky to have a volunteer that went through the records in london. these were off microfilm. who went through those documents and abstracted all of the documents that related to st. augustine. we have a cubic foot of transcribed material that talks about the history of st. augustine during that period of time. so here we have in 1767, we talk about orders from his imagine city and counsel dated 1764 .eferring to tracts of land we have information about the fort being damaged by a hurricane. request to have mr. moncrief and his carpenters put the fort in a the state of defense against a possible indian attack.
we have a letter number one, a royal problem la nation of 1763 saying that none were allowed to settle on crete land. these are the governing documents that establish how the colony was to be established. the british were very big into a sort of mercantile colt any. governor grant established plantations, cotton, indy go and so he was -- indigo, so he was interested in what kind of exports the colony could make. the spanish had a little different attitude about that. they were more about using florida for protection for the treasure fleets heading to spain. so the documents tell about thousand florida was governed, what rules were established, all the most mundane things. between 1763 and 1764, all the spanish inhabitants of st. augustine left. they moved down to cuba. during the 20 years that the
british were here, they established various plantation. butt ram came through town and came through st. augustine and through florida on st. john's and he describes many of the plantations, the type of crops that were grown, the plants that were growing, and towards the -- while the revolutionary war was going on, st. augustine was also home to many of the loyalists who were fleeing the revolutionary war in the south. during that period of time, the town sparneded as more and more loyal -- expanded as more and more loyalists escaped the war up in the carolinas and georgia. then in 17 -- in 1776, after the signing of the treaty of paris, the british lock, stock, and barrel moved out. many of the loyalists went to -- possibly went to various caribbean islands, possibly back to england. ok. what we have here is the first
set of city ordnances when st. augustine was established under the territorial government. we had a city council previous to that period of time under the spanish government. for a short period of time, and -- but this is kind of very special because it's the actual first volume of our minutes and ordnances, so the very first ordnance was an ordinance to oh. e -- o revise and confirm certain ordnances from councils to create officers of the city marshal, so when they were trying to begin to set up a city government, these are all of the ordnances and organizational materials they required in order to -- in order to establish that. during the 18 70's and 18 80's, plains indians and apaches were
brought from the -- they're usually the leaders of the various bands or, quote unquote, trouble makers, they were brought to st. augustine and they were housed at the cass tillo de san marcos. the native americans there were put into uniforms. they were taught to write english, taught practical skills. the idea was at the time that the individuals would be, quote unquote, civilized. and when they were returned back florida they wouldn't cause "trouble." captain pratt was the one who eventually went on to found the carlisle indian cool in -- school in carlisle, pennsylvania. the native americans had a couple of options to make some money. they made bose and arrows, which they sold to the northern tourists who came down to here.
there's a examples of a couple of pow bows or sort of buffalo bill wild west type shows that were held using the native americans. hey also created ledger art on found paper using crayons or just ink and paper to both document the life that they remembered as well as what was happening here in st. augustine. so right now bev five different pieces that represent both of those aspects. so we have three pictures here. here we have two writers on -- riders on their horses. this is -- especially this rider is ducking down and firing a gun and this native american who was attempting to shoot him with a spear has been shot. and here we have two native americans on their horses. the native americans were taken
to a circus and so here's some examples, two acrobats on a horse, so they have the reds and the -- one gentleman is holding up the other one while they ride on the horse. and here we have an acrobat on a horse -- excuse me -- an acrobat on a horse while a gentleman holds a piece of wood up to make the horse jump over. and here in the corner is a -- to me that looks very much like a native american clown, whatever you would call that, possibly standing on a ball. i don't know if that's their interception of what a clown would look like. as well as we have two images of female horse riders, riding horses and performing acrobatic tricks. in the 1830's and 40's, the seminole war was ash important
aspect here in florida. there were three seminole wars, cretes and ly the what were called the seminoles, the seminoles moved further south. but it tied up a great deal of american soldiers at the time and we're very lucky to have a manuscript journal by a dr. moth whose time here in florida describing -- his title of it is "life in camp and field," which is serious incidents between the kreutz and the seminole and sketches of what life was like in florida at the time. dr. not was stationed in st. augustine with the troops and as an army southern he was required to go out into the fields with them so that if they got sick, malaria, various fevers or possibly they were shot or injured, then the doctor had to travel with them in order to take care of them and to either
-- to get them back into health. so there are a number of -- you know, we had the yellow fever, malaria. we had any number of diseases that would fell the soldiers, as well as bullets and arrows from the native americans, the seminole that they were fighting. we had been encarched near townsend, charming -- clearing for about three weeks when our neighbors began to be too troublesome for a longer proximity. they displayed too great an affection towards our men by soldiers' hem with a great rest treasury whiskey. thereby undermining their morals and keeping them -- there's the first draft of the document which is in the florida historical seat and we're very
lucky to have the second one which is corrected proofs for -- i think he was planning on publishing this material, but he never did. ut then in the 1950's, mr. sundeman found this material, transcribed it, add additional information and pubbedlished -- published it as "journey to ilderness by not," edited by sunderman. so it's a tool for understanding what was happening in florida at the time. so it's a firsthand account of what was going on in the seminole war. and we have -- this is the register from the st. augustine link showing that warren harding played one of numerous games of golf here at st. augustine. before he became president while he determined who was going on in his cabinet. at the top of the page we have warren g. harding from marion,
ohio. he had several -- several golf clubs that he attended. so he played a number of rounds of golf here in st. augustine. and in fact, here we have a picture of him in the background you can see an individual getting ready to shoot off, but there is in his outfit with his golf club. in those days you got elected in november but you weren't -- you didn't take office till march. so basically he had almost five months to make those decisions. so we try to reserve -- preserve this to people have an understanding, so they become grounded in what the history of the area was and how their life fits into the history of the united states and the history of st. augustine and florida. >> we close now the c-span cities tower of st. augustine florida with steve berry, arthur of the patriot threat.
>> i want to talk to you a little bit about the book and then i'll take questions. i don't talk very long. whenever the time comes, ask what you'd like. i want to tell you a story to start off, a little thing to get your imagination going. imagine it's 19123 and there's the united states congress and it's in control of the republicans. and they are sort of the party of the rich. this is when it began, actually, this label of the party of the rich. and they decide that they're going to propose an e-mailed. they're going to say we're not the party of the rich. we actually are with the common folks. so we're going to propose an amendment to the constitution to make it easier to implement an income tax. prirltse that time you could have an income tax but it was really hard to do. there were some i am pedestrianments in the way. they want to make it easier. so the