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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  September 24, 2015 10:00pm-12:01am EDT

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>> pope francis has left washington and traveled to new york city. tomorrow he will address the united nation's general assembly. following his u.n. speech he will attend a religious service at the 9/11 memorial museum. it begins at 10:00 a.m. eastern on c-span 3. the c-span networks feature weekends full of politics, nonfiction books and american history. the pope's visit to the united states continues saturday as he travels from new york to philadelphia. live coverage starts at 4:30 p.m. eastern as pope francis speaks at independence hall. then at 7:30 p.m. the pontiff
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attends the festival of families, part of the world meeting of families. join us sunday evening at 6:35 eastern as harvard professor and presidential connecticut lawrence lessig talks about his decision to run for president and changing political system. and on c-span 2's book tv saturday night at 10:00 p.m. fox news host bill o'reilly speaks with babe buchanan on his latest ook "killing reagan. on sunday afternoon at 1:00, author and investigator doug casey discusses his latest book on politics and economics. on american history tv on c-span 3 saturday evening starting at 7:00 eastern we're live from gettysburg college to mark the
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125th anniversary of dwight d. eisenhower's birth discussing his military career with his grandchildren. and sunday afternoon at 4:00 on eal america an ark ivel film which included a meeting with president kennedy and a parade through washington, d.c. get our complete schedule at c-span.org. >> today a reporter for nbc 4. is this marion barry's place? that is his seat over there. i called him up. i said mr. mayor. i've just been to club 55. don't you realize people are watching what you do and where you go. they said you sit there all the time and watch naked dancing girls. there was a pause on the phone. he said it's nice, isn't it? a" tom night on "q &
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sherwood on political corruption in d.c. several signed a letter saying they agreed with governor mcdonald. that he should have reported the gifts. he didn't report the gifts. $15,000 far child's wedding. $70,000 loan. the problem was bob mcdonald had een considered potentially a vice-presidential account when he got -- candidate when he got in over his head. >> sunday night at 8:00 eastern and pacific on c-span's q & a. >> the white house gave a preview turnover state dinner in honor of the visiting chinese president which will be held friday evening. this briefing was given by the
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first lady's press office. >> i want to thank everybody for coming. i'm joanna. i know most of you by now. i want to thank lauren, our deputy press secretary today. if you need anything throughout, let us know. we can find an answer. as we have done in the past, we will have several officials come out and speak. everything is on the record. once we have everyone speak a little bit about the dinner we'll -- please be patient and don't rush. wait for us to get the whole rope down before you walk this way. then you can get close-upshots of everything and some of the of the official also stay behind to help answer questions afterward if you want to talk to them. after that i will pass it on to deisha. >> how are you doing today? my name is deisha dire. i'm the white house press
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secretary here. this marks the 10th state visit for the obama administration following the -- in a few minutes you'll be able to view the decor up close. it combines chinese and manners a thetics. in addition the menu has themes of autumn. as you can imagine this is a huge undertaking i cannot do by myself. i would like to thank the executive residence team and the national security council. i would like to stay with you all but i have to head out and i have a above it work to do. i'll turn you over to suzanne. ave a great day. >> good morning, everybody. hi, i'm dan. i'm a new senior director for asian affairs. i wanted to say a little bit
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about the context in which the state visit and state dinner will take place. the u.s./china relationship is one of the world's most consequential bilateral relationships. from climate change to nuclear proliferation to counter the spread of pandemic disease. it requires methodical engagement at the leader level. that's what we will do at this state visit. we do so to advance the cooperation between us and also so we can hang in very real differences between us. the state incidenter is a key part of the visit to the united states and it is -- the state dinner i think represents good, smart diplomacy. first it allows the president and mrs. obama to reciprocate for the tremendous hospital talented they extended to the president and first family in china last year. second, it enables us to
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continue the important discussions that will have taken place earlier in the day including with several officials anded a vise visors of the president to whom we rarely have access. finally i think there are many stake holders in united states. the state dinner really provides an opportunity to include them in the event and make sure that the chinese leadership is aware of their views. i wanted to share those initial comments with you and i would will happy to answer your questions later. >> hello. good morning, ladies and gentlemen. for china state dinner, we are inspired by the autumn in all of the late summer harvest that we harvested from the garden and sourced from all of the local farmers around the neighborhood. for the first course for the china state dinner we are doing a wild mushroom consumee that we
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have sourced fra pennsylvania all the way through washington state. acorn squashes that are nicely roasted and finished with a consumee and lobster. we are highlighting maine lobster that will be complemented with a noodle roll that resource from a local noodle maker in washington, d.c. leakes and anish, mushrooms. we on my plate right now are feature grilled lamb sourced from colorado. it is accented as well with it erful garlic fried milk, a rizzled and crisped to
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wonderful perfection. it has wonderful goji berry and peppers that we took from the guard then summer. pretty much most of our products are sourced from some area farms in area neighborhoods but also we use i would say about 40% of our produce from our white house garden this year. thank you. >> the white house executive pastry chef, susan morrison. >> good morning, everyone. i'm here to show you today the dessert course which is a poppy seed bread puddle which will have a lemon curd and then for the dessert display, i have a stroll through the garden which is a glimmering display of chocolate pavilion and a chocolate bridge and then along rench s,s also pettifo
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peanut sesame bar and a white chocolate cup made and pumpkin moon cakes and apple cider tart. so thank you very much. have a great day. > right around the back. you're welcome to -- tell me what you need as a set-up. he chef will be over here.
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inaudible] pettifore we have the display called a stroll through the garden. it is a display of a chocolate pavilion and a chocolate bridge. included with it is a pettifore
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selection. apple cider tarts. sage. pineapple peanut sesame bars. pumpkin moon cakes. mango kiwi white chocolate cup. gum the grass is made of paste. it is edible. the rocks are edible as well. hen also pulled sugar roses. >> how do you come up with -- >> well, looking at the platter overall, we try to plan and eate a display that will complement the visiting head of state and then the china state
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dinner tomorrow and then also to complement president and mrs. obama with the white house kitchen garden and so the apple cider for the tarts are from maryland. the maple is from new hampshire. and then also, as i said, i have mint and lemon -- on top of the mango kiwi white chocolate cup. >> how will you be preparing -- >> several days. as you can see this takes, you know, a lot of components to make it all come together. the pulled sugar roses, you know, there is about 2,000, 2200 petals that are all hand pulled along with the leaves and then chocolate bridges are all made by hand so that all components
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of chocolate that is poured and cut and then has to all be put together. the roof of the pavilion is made f chocolate. it looks frosted. it takes quite a few days. >> >> yes. >> thank you. >> certainly. >> so here, it is a chef has explained, we collaborated with a chef and along with the chef we have poppy seed bread pudding which is a delicate egg custard with layers of artismal bread and poppy seed. it.lso have a sorbet with and then sugar -- was made by and as well.
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>> chinese president is in washington for an official state visit. he will be meeting with the president and mrs. obama tomorrow and hold a news conference with president obama. we'll have live coverage of the white house state dinner for chinese president starting at 6:00 p.m. eastern. >> all campaign long, c-span takes you on the road to the white house. unfiltered access to the candidates at town hall meetings, news conferences, rallies and speeches. we're taking your comments on twitter, facebook and by phone. every campaign event we cover is
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available on our website, c-span.org. >> now a campaign rally with republican presidential candidate ben carson in sharonville, ohio. at the event mr. carson dismissed the idea that he is prejudiced against muslims. from c-span's road to the white house, this is one hour. [applause] dr. carson: thank you. the thank you. thank you very much. thank you. we are absolutely delighted to be here in the buckeye state. [applause] even though i did grow up in machine. [laughter] -- michigan. but my campaign manager went to ohio state. [laughter]
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but you know, it is interesting. i -- first of all, wasn't that great music? these guys are, you know, fantastic. and i also want to thank all of the police officers who are providing good security here. you know, i love the police. [applause] and you know, it's been very disturbing that so many people have tried to demonize the police. what would our lives be without them? can you imagine 24 hours with no police? i mean, people would come in your house and they would say i like your tv. i think i'm going to take that. and then they would say better yet, you get out. i'm taking your house! there is a reason that we have police, that we have law enforcement and it is part of
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our responsibility to protect society. are there bad, rotten police? of course there are. are there bad, rotten teachers? yes. bad, rotten doctors? yes. bad, rottenoliticians? [laughter] [applause] but it doesn't mean we should kill them. so we clearly are going to have to grow up as a society and be a little more mature, but you know, i am so -- [applause] i am so thankful all the time that i grew up in this great land. you know, i have visited 57 different countries. but i will tell you, i am always delighted to get back home. because there is no place like
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home. and it is one of the reasons that i feel so strongly that we need to maintain america as america. we don't want to turn it to somebody else. [applause] have you noticed that there is something called the american way? there is no french way. no english way. no brazilian way. there is just an american way. and there is an american dream. and there is something unique about our nation. and also, have you noticed that you can be un-american but you can't be unportuguese or uncanadian. we should be proud of who we are and there is no way we should be giving away all of our values and principles to try to be politically correct and to be
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like somebody else. [applause] you know, it is true that we are not a theocracy and i don't want us to be. but it is also true that our constitution and our traditions have a judeo-christian base. [applause] and the secular progressives want us to denounce that and they want us to denounce our faith. but you have got to remember something. , the nding document declaration of independence, talking about certain inalienable rights given to us by our creator and our pledge of
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allegiance says we are one nation under god and most courtrooms on the wall says in god we trust. all of our moneys says in god we trust. fabric.roughout our there is no way that we should be ashamed of it. i'm going to tell you one thing. if i become president of the united states, -- [applause] respect all other religions, but believe me, that first christmas, we're going to have a bang-up celebration at the white house. [applause] but, you know, as a youngster growing up in this great land of ours, i can remember some pretty
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dismal times. after my parents got divorced, you know, we were thrust into dire poverty. and you know, we moved from detroit to boston. i remember as a 9-year-old sitting on the ghetto stairs looking through the building across the street out of which all the buildings had been broken and the sun was shining through and a sun beam was there and it made me think about my future. i remember thinking that i would probably never live to be more than 25 years of age because that is what i saw around me all the time. lots of people getting killed. i remember we used to love this guy named benny. he drove a blue cadillac. he was a drug dealer. but he always brought us candy and we loved benny. and my two older cousins were good friends with benny and they both ended up getting killed on
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the streets. and that's what i was used to. and that's why i didn't think i would ever live to be more than 25 years of age. and my mother was so dedicated. she work sod hard. she only had a third grade education. she was able to cobble that together through great effort, through her first 13 years of life in rural tennessee, being shuffled from home to home in dire poverty, getting married at age 13, hoping for a better life in detroit. she and my father, who was much older than her moved to detroit, and my mother, i'll tell you the kind of person she was. with only a third grade education, she scrimped and saved, she saved every extra dime, every extra dollar, and in a relatively short period of time, they had managed to acquire a fair amount of
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property in detroit. and i probably would have been born under very different circumstances if my father had had the good sense to listen to her. but instead, he got involved in drugs and alcohol and women and nothing wrong with women, you just -- [laughter] it is just that you should only have one. [laughter] you know? [applause] but he blew all of the money and then she subsequently found out that he was a bigamist and had another family and that's what resulted in the divorce. but she was very thrifty. she saved every dime. she would go to goodwill and she would buy pair of trousers with a big hole in the knee. back before that was fashionable. [laughter]
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and then she would buy patches and put them on them and people would say where did you get that from? they were just so enthusiastic about it. and she would take us out to farms on sunday morning and knock on a farmer's door and say can we pick four bushels of your corn or your beans or your apples or your grapes? three for you and one for us. they always liked that deal. she would bring the stuff home and can it and just stretch every dollar so far because she give ustried so hard to at least a sem reasonable life. but there was never really any extra money for anything. i remember if we could get into the state fair with one of those free cubeons. there was never enough money to ride any of the rides. i never road a single ride. i would just have to watch other people and live vicariously
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through them. never bought any caramel corn. never tasted cotton candy until i was an adult. and it wasn't that good. [laughter] but everything looks good when you can't have it. you know? but it is interesting because you know, a lot of left wing people, they like to say well, carson grew up very poor and he must have benefited from social programs and now he wants to withdraw all of the social programs from everybody else. at a pack of unadulterated lies. [applause] just total lies! applause i have no desire whatsoever to withdraw safety nets from people who need them and have never advocated such a silly thing, but i do have a very strong desire to provide opportunity so
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people can climb out of a state of dependency and become part of america. [applause] those wishing to keep people in a state of dependency where they can be controlled do not like that kind of talk. therefore they try to demonize anybody who says it, but the fact of the matter is i am finding that people across this country are starting to wake up. and i think a lot of down troden in our society over the course next year will get the real message of what is going on. you hear hillary and bernie sanders talk about the income gap and how it's a growing, how it's so unfair. i agree that it is so unfair. they say because it's happening
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is the rich people and how ugly they are -- how evil they are, how they have to be controlled. i wonder how they would like it if maybe we just packed up the 1% and sent them to venezuela and everyone else could just sit around the campfire and sing "kumbaya." be anyould not television, basketball, or anything else going on. let me tell you what's really driving the income gap. excessive regulation. you are never going to hear this -- [applause] you won't hear this from the traditionalists, but the fact of the matter is every single the consumer in
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terms of goods and services. you know, i remember when dodd frank came out. i sat on corporate boards for a long time. i was on the board of kellogg for eight in years, costco 16. i was the chairman of the board of a biotech company. so, for those people who do not think doctors don't know anything about business -- guess what? not true, ok? frank camewhen dodd out in we were talking about all the things that they were going to have to put in place in order to comply with that and all of the people who would have to be hired, the structures that would have to be put in place. from the additional regulations, we had to have those same conversations. guess what? that costs a lot of money. guess who gets to pay that? the consumer, because prices go up.
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pay that,umer has to but who is most affected by it? in the middle class. upper-class people are not affected by that. it's one of the things that drives the disparity. let's talk about something else that does it. affectede is severely when you cannot grow it. do people traditionally grow their income in the middle class and lower? they put money in their savings account and it grows. 4%, 5%, 6%. i sent traditionally. [laughter]
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by the time he retired you had a very nice nest act and you could go about your retirement and comfort. you cannot do that anymore. the fed has artificially suppressed the interest rate for nearly a decade now. people are not saving. they are not seeing any growth in the money. the traditional mechanism or the middle and lower classes to gain money was through the bank, through bonds, things of that nature. now the only way to grow your money substantially is in the stock market. a certainve to have risk tolerance to put your money in the stock market. the only people if that kind of risk tolerance are rich people.
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what's happening? the income gap is growing even more. dot we are going to need to is address the reason that the fed has to keep that interest rate so long. the reason they have to keep it so low is because of our national debt. over $18nal debt is trillion. 4%, 5%, 6%rates of of the debt service on that would be approaching $1 trillion per year. right now it's about $250 billion per year, which is still a lot. we cannot afford it so they have to keep it suppressed. what do we need to do? we need to get the debt down.
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the debt to gdp ratio. [applause] the debt to gdp ratio is about one hundred 3%. have a significant negative impact on growth -- the debt to gdp ratio is 103%. our economy grew at a rate of thatximately 3.3% per year kept us moving in a very nice trajectory. from 2001-2014, we grew at a rate of 1.8%. that's a big difference. project that out over 20 years from now, you would be looking at 26 trillion dollar economy and 3.3%, a $35 trillion
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economy. versus 35, a huge difference when you're talking trillions of .ollars that's an interesting thing. if you try to pay that back it would take you over 5000 years, ok? that is what we are putting on the backs of our children. the real problem is the fiscal gap. it's much worse than that. not hear any traditional politicians talking about the fiscal gap. democrats because they want to be reelected. i'm not a politician so i will talk about it, ok?
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[applause] what it is is the amount of sounded liabilities governmental programs, social security, medicare, medicaid. all the money that we are going to the future versus what we expect the collector taxes and other revenue sources. if we were fiscally responsible, those two numbers should be almost identical. when you are not fiscally responsible, a gap forms and you bring that to today's dollars and it's known as the fiscal gap . please look it up when you get home, the fiscal gap. read about it. you have to know about this. that fiscal gap for us right now trillionbout $200
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plus. it's a staggering amount. you thought $18 trillion was bad. if someone gave us a check to pay out the national debt we would still be in huge trouble. people don't know that. gapi mentioned the fiscal at my announcement speech in detroit in the next day bill liberal media came out and they he doesn'tld you know anything about economics. fiscal gap? what's he talking about? use trying to frighten people. then forbes came out with an article that said 17 nobel laureates and 1200 professors of economics agree with karsh and -- professors of economics agree with carson. [applause]
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we can print money and we are the reserve currency of the world area that position goes with the number one economy in the world. 1870'se were from the until last year. a tussle with china for who the number one .conomy is what if we could not print money? greece could print money, they would not be in trouble either -- or at least they wouldn't think they are. they would be but they would not know they are. this like we are in trouble but we don't know we are in trouble or the majority of evil don't know how much trouble we are in. bunch of theou a
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people in our government know we are in trouble, but they are not doing the right thing and that's life it's incumbent upon we, the people, to throw them out and bring in people who actually care about what's going on. [applause] as far as i'm concerned, it's not a republican or democratic thing. you know, we spend way too much up. dividing ourselves we don't talk about what is pro-american. that what is pro-american will save this country. if we do not get our fiscal house in order, we are going to have a gigantic collapse and it will collapse for everybody, not just one party. if we don't get our house in order in terms of eating able to deal with global jihadists and
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being serious about fighting them -- [applause] i don't just like bring up something without providing a solution. are solutions for virtually all our problems and they are commonsense solutions which is why they are not ian done because there's no common sense. [applause] we have the most dynamic and powerful economic engine that the world has ever known in this country. it is one of the things that from a nobody on
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to the pinnacle of the world and a higher pinnacle than anyone else that ever reached in record time. it was the key to a new attitude. that economic engine cannot operate because of the regulatory environment that it exists in. getting rid of the regulations is the first thing. the nonessential regulations -- not a central. [applause] sential. our founders said if men were angels , no government or regulations would be needed, but we know that and are not angels, nor are women -- [laughter] in case there are any hillary supporters out there. you know, we can do so much
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better than this because the government was not supposed to be insinuated into every part of our lives. [applause] to give you a good example of an economy killing regulation is the employer mandate with obamacare. [applause] what happens here, traditionally in america, you would start a business and you would be so proud. you would call your mom up and say, i have 10 employees. you would be so proud. next year you have 20, then 30, -- about her stop. don't want to hit 50 because then the employer mandate kicks in and/or profits goes south. why would anybody put something like that? small business is the backbone of the american economic engine. [applause]
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i want congress to get rid of the employer mandates of people can start building their businesses again at that time you get jobs going. lookther thing is if you in our taxation system, we have the highest corporate tax rate in the developed world. they do their best to escape the high taxes here and they are unpatriotic. is he crazy? go intonot know people business not to support the government but to make money? [applause] would createnment
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an environment that's conducive for them making money, not one that drives them away. when we start drawing money in here it will actually create a much larger tax base and they will actually get more money. they do not seem to understand these basic economic pencils. over $2 trillion in american money overseas that they cannot bring back because of the high court at tax rates. they're always looking for things to do with it over there. i sat around a corporate board table talking many an afternoon about what we can do with the money overseas. i would advocate for a six-month tax hiatus to let that money be
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repatriated into this country. [applause] i would only put one requirement and that is that 10% of the money that is repatriated has to forsed to create jobs unemployed people and people on welfare. [applause] you want to talk about a stimulus? that would be the biggest economic stimulus that this country has seen since the new deal and it would not cost the taxpayers one penny. that's the kind of thing that we have to start doing. [applause] importantly, once again it starts to reestablish the
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relationship between corporate america, business and industry .nd the community in the past, and has been "we the people" who have taken care n trodden and our society. it is our job, not the government's job, to take care of people in society. [applause] other thing we need to do is we need to have a tax system that is fair for everybody in our society. we should not pick and choose who we pick on. that's the reason that we like the idea of proportionality. he does not save your crops fail you own me a ties.
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there must be something inherently fair about proportionality. pay $10 billion, you billion. you get the same rights and privileges. how is that unfair? [applause] you have to get rid of all of the loopholes and deductions so everyone is treated the same. that is absolutely imperative. now, some people say that's not who put ine the guy one billion dollars still has $9 billion left. we need to take more of his money. you know if that's called, don't you? socialism. ok, i don't like it. it doesn't work. it hasn't created wealth. it creates wealth for only the
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small group of the lease at the top area that's not what we want. then there are those on the other band who say the guy who pay $10 cannot afford to one dollar. why? why can't he afford to pay one? can he afford to drive on the public streets? and his kids go to public high school? of course they can. matter is having grown-up in the very lower rungs of society, i can tell you that people in the lower rungs of society also have pride and they do not want you to pat them on the head and say, there are, there. [applause] prefer that we fix the economy so that they have lots of opportunities to climb the ladder based upon their own hard work and
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productivity. that's what america is about. [applause] there are those who say we are not an exceptional nation. i take exception to that. [laughter] is yout of the matter look at what this country did and where it came from. for thousands of years before america came on the scene people did the same thing. within 200 years of the adventist america, people were walking on the moon. it's the most exceptional nation of people have ever known. and if people think differently -- [applause] people say we are evil and responsible for all the bad things going on in the world. have you noticed that there are all kinds of people trying to get in here and no one trying to
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escape? [laughter] that simply does not compute. if we are going to fix these things that are going on, and i , we have to we can understand who we are. we have to understand and be proud of who we are. we have to understand that we, the people, of america are not each other's enemy is. we have to stop listening to the who will of the vision tell you that there is a war on women, race wars, age wars, religious wars. there is not. [applause] know, those wars can
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only exist if we, the people, a lower ourselves to be manipulated. we have to stop allowing ourselves to be manipulated. [applause] just like in the last debate on cnn. it was all about manipulating the candidates into attacking each other, you know? that's the reason that why i refuse to participate in that silliness. i will not do that, you know? [applause] at some point, we have to be wise enough to recognize that just because somebody disagrees with you it does not make them your enemy.
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what we have to do -- [applause] in civil discourse. sit down and talk out their differences. you will generally find you are not nearly as far apart and i'll we say of two people agree about everything one of them is not necessary. bear in mind that the secular is tossive agenda fundamentally change america. i happen to like america. i think it is a great nation. i don't want to change it. [applause] but the secular progressives have imposed on us political correctness because they do not want you to talk about stuff. they don't you to even
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entertain certain thoughts. they don't care whether you disagree with them as long as you keep your mouth shut, put your head down, sit down. this is what we cannot do. [applause] it was thomas jefferson who said because of the kind of system we put in place the people would eventually stop being vigilant and they would become less informed. they would become easy to and the government would grow and grow and insinuated elf into every aspect would begin and it to control our lives rather than we controlling the government. he said just before we turned into something else that the
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people would wake up and realize what was going on and they would retake control. i say now is the time to do that aret. [applause] to introduce myself. i'm candy carson and i approve this message. [applause] mr. carson: we have a little time for some q&a and we have someone with a microphone down here. who would like to ask the first question? >> what is your plan to stop the funding for planned parenthood?
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plan to stopy funding planned parenthood. the plan is to put it to congress people who have a backbone, people who have a spine. that's the plan. [applause] you know, i think this barbarism that is going on in our country, this is not who we are as people. i spent my entire professional ineer trying to save lives to create a better situation for young people. sometimes staying up all night long operating on little premature babies, even operating on babies while they were still in their mothers wombs. sometimes, i now get a chance to see those people as adults, as productive adults. there's no way you are convincing me that they are not worth anything. [applause]
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>> doctor, your life story was butonly made for hollywood it was made for the white house. [applause] mr. carson: thank you, thank you. i will tell you i had an incredible life and i had a medical career that i cannot even explain. if someone sat me down in front of it can unit and said i want you to type out career you want have come could not up with a better scenario, but one of the things that i realized early on is that it was not me.
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it was god. i still recognize that. [applause] are you going to legalize marijuana for medical reasons for cancer patients and epilepsy? mr. carson: i heard the last part. going to legalize marijuana for medical reasons for cancer patients and epilepsy y?ssia mr. carson: would i recommend medical marijuana? absolutely. andthat is very different legalizing it for recreational use. i would not do that under any circumstance. and -- [applause] you know, i take a hard line against drug abuse. a lot of the crime in our country is because of the heroin and stuff being brought across our southern borders and i think
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it's very easy for us to seal not only the southern border but all of our borders. we have the ability to do it on our government has no will to do it. that will change. [applause] >> in 1976, the first manufacturing trade deficit in the united states. we've had trade deficits since then which has mounted to something like $6 trillion and millions and millions of jobs. we need to do something to make andelves industrial again we have to make ourselves such -- cannot can our change their borders. lowering exchange rates if the percent, lowering costs. germany did it by 35%.
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we need a way to bring jobs here. it's there if we support american industry by exchange incentivesaxes, by for the right jobs and by most importantly the government deciding to have a fair economic policy so that incentives are made to invest yearly. look at 1948. how many good jobs there are today and look today. look at germany, japan, singapore, please tell me what -- mr. carson: ok, i think there aboutquestion in their how we look out for the american workers, how do we use our
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inhange rates, foreign trade a positive way. let me tell you what my general philosophy is. you consider around and you can manipulate all kinds of things and sometimes it works and sometimes it backfires, but one thing that always works and does not ask fire is if we have policies that allow the innovation, ingenuity, and hard work of the american people to hold sway and not interfere by imposing all kinds of external rings. we have very creative people here and they will find a way to do it. [applause] is not get in do the way of that ingenuity and that hard work.
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a lot of the interference that we do at the government level with various types of subsidies and things help one group that heard another. what i believe in is leading the strong survive. whoever is doing the best job, let them rise. if someone's doing a bad job, there's no such thing as too big to fail. will, fan do a better job and that's the way america is supposed to work. -- someone else will come forward and do a better job. >> hello, dr. carson. i want to know what you will do for education in terms of common core, standardized testing that is wearing my children thin and also the funding of our schools dependent upon by these and we pay so much on taxes. i hope there is a better way forward. education is the
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great divide in this country. it does not matter where you came from, what your ethnicity is. you get a good education and you ticket.ur own therefore, it is absolutely essential that we recognize that but secondly the best education is the education closest to home . the people who have done the best have been the homeschoolers, private schoolers, charter schools. [applause] with public schools in general doing the worst -- not all but many of them are horrible places. what we have to do to fix that is to provide school choice. major thrust. school choice for everybody. [applause]
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that will force the public school systems to improve and that's what we want. i don't necessarily want to want them them, but i to be high-quality. as far as common core -- out. we don't need anything like that. [applause] the other thing that i think is very important -- and i know the left-wing does not like this, -- i believe our department of education needs to be trimmed very significantly. one of the things that it can do is help to disseminate the kinds of technology that will help to close the gap we have with other with stemized nations
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programs. we have a lot of ways of doing that. we have the sophistication to do it. it simply just has not been made available to the public. then i would also have the department of education monitor our education -- institutes of higher learning for extreme political bias and then i funding. montior for bias and deny funding. it in anyant to see direction right or left. people are supposed to be of differentts things. they are supposed to become educated. you cannot become educated when you're just being fed a line of propaganda. we need everything open to everybody. [applause] hello, dr. ben carson.
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i've wanted to be a doctor, a heart surgeon or a brain surgeon. you have been inspiring me. i wrote you a letter. [laughter] i did and it was about you. mr. carson: thank you. >> can i give you my number? [laughter] can give it to that gentleman right there. write it down and give it to him, ok? [applause] >> hi, dr. carson. thank you for running. a foster to adopt mom, i've had many children in my doors, over 72. there are many times that the
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adoption process for these children takes three to five years. there are many who are turned back in because they are too old to adopt or they run out of time to be in the system and at 18 they get a few hundred dollars and a path to know where. nowh i woulde like to see a new path and communities to help these children so we canr have a stronger america with our future. e. [applause] mr. carson: absolutely and thank you for your willingness to do that in thanks to everyone who is willing to get involved with our young people. one of the things that i think is so important in our country people, the we, the community, business, academia, wall street, churches, community all need to get
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involved and investing in people . you look at all of the babies being born out of wedlock. there is no reason that we, the people, cannot form childcare that we staff and it gives us an opportunity to talk to these young women and it gives them an opportunity to go their ged, their associates degree, bachelor's degree, master's degree, learn how to take care of the elves and how to take care of their children, teach their children to take care of themselves so that we break the cycle of dependency that is crushing our society. [applause] >> one more question. has a police officer, one of my concerns is the violence directed towards law enforcement
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the last year and a half. tot do you think you can do alleviate that so our job -- will never be easy, but making it a little easier for us? mr. carson: the best thing we can do is to seal the border so all of those drugs are not coming in here. you how impressed we were to see the stashes of drugs. there was so much heroin coming in now and in some of our cities you can buy a pack of heroine cheaper than a pack of cigarettes. everywhere it goes it carries along an enormous crime wave with it. that me tell you what i would do to stop it. definitely put structures along our borders. what i prefer is a double fence,
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a high-end double fence, with a road in between which allows quick access to every part of it . more importantly, you have to have people there. you have to have border guards there. they are like 70 miles inland and it does not do any good. they need to be out of order. it's why they are called border guards. -- they need to be at the border. then we need to prosecute people who come in here illegally. right now we have a catch and release thing. some of the sheriffs say they are dealing with the same people a few weeks later who just try to come in through a different route. that does not work. arizona, they have prosecution of the first sense. and they have the double wall fence.
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and they have border guards there. they reduced the illegal traffic by 97%. [applause] of course that will stop the drug traffic from coming in. where theyne area had cut through the fence -- and these are nothing. they would barely slow us down when i was a kid. it's just ridiculous. there's one place where they cut a big hole and the border patrol strung a few pieces of barbed wire across. to show how pervious it was camera crews with us they wanted to shoot from the other side so they just went through right there. they were not athletic people.
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this is just ridiculous. there were no border guards. it's just a free flow. i would fix that not only at the southern border but all of our borders. we don't necessarily have to put pacific, the atlantic, the northern border, but we have methods of surveillance. we have electronic surveillance, motion detectors, drumones and people. it's not just the people from mexico and el salvador but the radical jihadists and they want to destroy us. we have to keep them out of here. absolutely. [applause] and also, if we turn off the spigot that dispenses the goodies there will not the
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reason for people to try to get in here. [applause] mind, there will still be 11 million plus people here. what do we do with those people? i have said that i don't think you can round them all up. first of all, what makes you think they will be cooperative? it will jam the court system for years to come. it's just impractical. we have to be pragmatic. that's why the things you learn as a surgeon. there's lots of things you would like to do but you will do what's pragmatic. for people with a pristine acord -- if you don't have pristine record, you are a criminal and a scumbag and you are out of here. [applause] record, ie a pristine would give people an opportunity
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to become a guest worker. they have to get registered within a certain timeframe. they have to pay it back tax penalty. they have to pay taxes going forward. if they are willing to work in a certain segment -- and it has to be a segment that americans .on't want to work in i've spoken to some of the biggest farmers in the country and they tell me that they cannot hire americans to do the farm work. they'd try even at $11 per hour. i understand the practicality of that. if we do not have those people, it will create a big problem. but i don't necessarily want guestworkers working in areas like construction in places where we have a lot of americans looking for those jobs. we have to be wise in the way that we do it so that it becomes
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a win for everybody. the other thing to keep in mind -- we always have to look at the big picture. it in cameroon right now there are american companies help to millions of acres of very fertile land and getting incredible crops and making big profits. at the same time developing the infrastructure of that country providing jobs for some of the people there and teaching them, more importantly, the agriculture businesses they can continue to do that in their own creating friends for us and not creating additional debt for us. tonot make any sense for us borrow from china, pay the interest, and give aid to foreign countries. and what we can do instead -- [applause] what we can do instead is use our american ingenuity to engage
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win-win situations. we can do the same thing in weth and central america so help them develop themselves so they do not feel that they have to come here. creatingme time we are friends rather than resent on. that's the kind of thing we used to do. that's how we used to think. americans we are as -- people who care about others. we are compassionate about others. this country is the child of every other country and we have a risk on to ability to lead and not always follow. -- we have a responsibility to lead and not always follow. [applause] ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its
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caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] >> c-span takes you on the road to the white house, unfiltered access to the candidates at town hall meetings, news conferences, rallies, and speeches taking our comments on twitter, facebook, and by phone and every campaign event we cover is available on our website, www.c-span.org. pope francis wraps up the washington, d.c., portion of this trip before heading to new york. coming up, some of today's highlights including his address to a joint meeting of congress. later, a preview of the chinese state dinner being held tomorrow at the white house. on the next "washington visit to pope francis new york. then a review of the pope's speech to congress with tom roberts, editor at large for the
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national catholic reporter including the tone, topics, religious significance, and political implications. at 7:00 a.m.rning eastern on c-span and we welcome your calls and comments on facebook and twitter. leaving the vatican's embassy in washington, d.c., pope francis headed to capitol hill for a historic joint meeting, the first pope to address congress.
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[cheers from crowd]
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[applause]
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>> delivering the first-ever ever papal address to congress, health for the poor. washington was first stop of three cities in the the united states. sergeant at arms: mr. speaker, the pope of the holy see. [applause]
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[applause]
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[applause] the speaker: members of congress, i have the high privilege and distinct honor of presenting to you, pope francis of the holy see. [applause]
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pope francis: mr. vice president, mr. speaker, all the members of congress, dear friends. i am most grateful for your invitation to address this joint session of congress in "the land of the free and the home of the brave." [applause]
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i would like to think that the reason for this is that i too am a son of this great continent, from which we have all received so much and toward which we share a common responsibility. each son or daughter of a given country has a mission, a personal and social responsibility. your own responsibility as members of congress is to enable this country, by your legislative activity, to grow as a nation.
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you are the face of its people, their representatives. you are called to defend and preserve the dignity of your fellow citizens in the tireless and demanding pursuit of the common good, for this is the chief aim of all politics. a political society endures when it seeks, as a vocation, to satisfy common needs by stimulating the growth of all its members, especially those in situations of greater vulnerability or risk. legislative activity is always based on care for the people.
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to this you have been invited, called and convened by those who elected you. yours is a work which makes me reflect in two ways on the figure of moses. on the one hand, the patriarch and lawgiver of the people of israel symbolizes the need of peoples to keep alive their sense of unity by means of just legislation. on the other, the figure of moses leads us directly to god
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and thus to the transcendent dignity of the human being. [applause] moses provides us with a good synthesis of your work: you are asked to protect, by means of the law, the image and likeness fashioned by god on every human face. today, i would like not only to address you, but through you the entire people of the united states. here, together with their representatives, i would like to
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take this opportunity to dialogue with the many thousands of men and women who strive each day to do an honest day's work, to bring home their daily bread, to save money and one step at a time to build a better life for their families. these are men and women who are not concerned simply with paying their taxes, but in their own quiet way sustain the life of society. [applause]
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they - they generate solidarity by their actions, and they create organizations which offer a helping hand to those most in need. i would also like to enter into dialogue with the many elderly persons who are a storehouse of wisdom forged by experience, and who seek in many ways, especially through volunteer work, to share their stories and their insights. i know that many of them are retired, but still active; they keep working to build up this
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land. i also want to dialogue with all those young people who are working to realize their great and noble aspirations, who are not led astray by facile proposals, and who face difficult situations, often as a result of immaturity on the part of many adults. i wish to dialogue with all of you, and i would like to do so through the historical memory of your people. my visit takes place at a time when men and women of good will are marking the anniversaries of several great americans.
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the complexities of history and the reality of human weakness notwithstanding, these men and women, for all their many differences and limitations, were able by hard work and self-sacrifice some at the cost of their lives to build a better future. they shaped fundamental values which endure forever in the spirit of the american people.
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a people with this spirit can live through many crises, tensions and conflicts, while always finding the resources to move forward, and to do so with dignity. these men and women offer us a way of seeing and interpreting reality. in honoring their memory, we are inspired, even amid conflicts, and in the here and now of each day, to draw upon our deepest cultural reserves.
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i would like to mention four of these americans: abraham lincoln, martin luther king, dorothy day and thomas merton. [applause] this year marks the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the assassination of president abraham lincoln, the guardian of liberty, who labored tirelessly that "this nation, under god, might have a new birth of freedom." building a future of freedom requires love of the common good
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and cooperation in a spirit of subsidiarity and solidarity. all of us are quite aware and deeply worried by the disturbing social and political situation of the world today. our world is increasingly a place of violent conflict, hatred and brutal atrocities, committed even in the name of god and of religion. we know that no religion is immune from forms of individual delusion or ideological extremism.
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this means that we must be especially attentive to every type of fundamentalism, whether religious or of any other kind. a delicate balance is required to combat violence perpetrated in the name of a religion, an ideology or an economic system, while also safeguarding religious freedom, intellectual freedom and individual freedoms. but there is another temptation which we must especially guard
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against: the simplistic reductionism which sees only good or evil; or, if y will, the righteous and sinners. the contemporary world, with its open wounds which affect so many of our brothers and sisters, demands that we confront every form of polarization which would divide it into these two camps. we know that in the attempt to be freed of the enemy without, we can be tempted to feed the enemy within. to imitate the hatred and violence of tyrants and
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murderers is the best way to take their place. that is something which you, as a people, reject. our response must instead be one of hope and healing, of peace and justice. we are asked to summon the courage and the intelligence to resolve today's many geopolitical and economic crises.
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even in the developed world, the effects of unjust structures and actions are all too apparent. our efforts must aim at restoring hope, righting wrongs, maintaining commitments, and thus promoting the well-being of individuals and of peoples. we must move forward together, as one, in a renewed spirit of
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fraternity and solidarity, cooperating generously for the common good. [applause] the challenges facing us today call for a renewal of that spirit of cooperation, which has accomplished so much good throughout the history of the united states. the complexity, the gravity and the urgency of these challenges demand that we pool our resources and talents, and resolve to support one another, with respect for our differences and our convictions of conscience.
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[applause] in this land, the various religious denominations have greatly contributed to building and strengthening society. it is important that today, as in the past, the voice of faith continue to be heard, for it is a voice of fraternity and love, which tries to bring out the best in each person and in each society. such cooperation is a powerful resource in the battle to eliminate new global forms of slavery, born of grave
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injustices which can be overcome only through new policies and new forms of social consensus. politics is instead an expression of our compelling need to live as one in order to build as one the greatest common good, that of community which sacrifices particular interest in order to share injustice and peace, its goods, its interests, its social life.
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i do not underestimate the difficulty that this involves. but i encourage you in this effort. [applause] here too i think of the march which martin luther king led from selma to montgomery fifty years ago as part of the campaign to fulfill his dream of full civil and political rights for african americans. [applause]
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that dream continues to inspire us all. i am happy that america continues to be, for many, a land of dreams. [applause] dreams which lead to action, to participation, to commitment. dreams which awaken what is deepest and truest in the life of a people.
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in recent centuries, millions of people came to this land to pursue their dream of building a future in freedom. we, the people of this continent, are not fearful of foreigners, because most of us - [applause] because most of us were once foreigners. [applause] i say this to you as the son of
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immigrants, knowing that so many of you are also descended from immigrants. [applause] tragically, the rights of those who were here long before us were not always respected. for those peoples and their nations, from the heart of american democracy, i wish to reaffirm my highest esteem and appreciation. those first contacts were often turbulent and violent, but it is difficult to judge the past by the criteria of the present.
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[applause] nonetheless, when the stranger in our midst appeals to us, we must not repeat the sins and the errors of the past. [applause] we must resolve now to live as nobly and as justly as possible, as we educate new generations not to turn their back on our neighbors and everything around us.
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building a nation calls us to recognize that we must constantly relate to others, rejecting a mind-set of hostility in order to adopt one of reciprocal subsidiarity, in a constant effort to do our best. i am confident that we can do this. our world is facing a refugee crisis of a magnitude not seen since the second world war. this presents us with great challenges and many hard decisions. on this continent, too, thousands of persons are led to
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travel north in search of a better life for themselves and for their loved ones, in search of greater opportunities. is this not what we want for our own children? [applause] we must not be taken aback by their numbers, but rather view them as persons, seeing their faces and listening to their stories, trying to respond as best we can to their situation. to respond in a way which is always humane, just and
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fraternal. we need to avoid a common temptation nowadays, to discard whatever proves troublesome. let us remember the golden rule, do unto others as you would have - [laughter] --[applause] do unto others as you would have them do unto you. this rule points us in a clear direction.
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let us treat others with the same passion and compassion with which we want to be treated. let us seek for others the same possibilities which we seek for ourselves. let us help others to grow, as we would like to be helped ourselves. in a word, if we want security, let us give security if we want life, let us give life. [applause] if we want opportunities, let us provide opportunities. the yardstick we use for others will be the yardstick which time
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will use for us. [applause] the golden rule also reminds us of our responsibility to protect and defend human life at every stage of its development. [applause]
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this conviction has led me, from the beginning of my ministry, to advocate at different levels for the global abolition of the death penalty. [applause] i am convinced that this way is the best, since every life is sacred, every human person is endowed with an inalienable dignity, and society can only benefit from the rehabilitation of those convicted of crimes. recently, my brother bishops here in the united states
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renewed their call for the abolition of the death penalty. not only -- [applause] pope francis: not only do i support them, but i also offer encouragement to all those who are convinced that a just and necessary punishment must never exclude the dimension of hope and the goal of rehabilitation. [applause] [laughter] pope francis: in these times, when social concerns are so

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