tv U.S. House Morning Hour CSPAN September 28, 2015 12:00pm-2:01pm EDT
peace. seven steps can bring us closer to our destination. god willing our countries -- continued thiss afternoon before the u.n. general at some point. we will leave this here but do plan to return after morning hours each as in the house. returning this monday after friday's announcement i speaker boehner that he is resigning at the end of next month. the house a communication from the speaker. the clerk: the speaker's rooms, washington, d.c. september 28, 2015. i hereby appoint the honorable jeff denham to act as speaker pro tempore on this day. signed, john a. boehner, speaker of the house of representatives. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the order of the house of january 6, 2015, the chair will now recognize members from lists submitted by the majority and minority leaders for morning hour debate.
the chair will alternate recognition between the parties with each party limited to one hour and each member other than the majority and minority leaders and the whip limited to five minutes, but in no event shall debate continue beyond 1: 50 p.m. the chair recognizes the gentleman from massachusetts, mr. mcgovern, for five minutes. mr. mcgovern: i ask unanimous consent to revise and extend. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman virginia tech. mr. mcgovern: mr. speaker, last week i joined a fact-finding delegation to honduras led by the washington office on latin america. we looked at the problem of violence and lack of opportunity in order to understand why families and young people continue to flee the contry. we wanted to learn what the hon curian government and people were doing in response to the problems that confront their country and how the united states might help. we met with families, young people, and community leaders in several marginal and violent communities, including those who ben forfeit from programs -- benefit from programs. they also visited an innovative
usaid program. it not only offers programs for young people until a poor and dangerous neighborhood, but brings together community leaders in local institutions to tackle local problems. by strengthening local leaders and groups, and working with trained and vetted local police, crime levels have dropped and new opportunities for youth have been created. for a re hopeful results community that one year ago was under siege by violent criminal actors. we also met with many n.g.o.s, human rights defenders and international organizations to understand the intertwined problems of human rights, democratic governance, and corruption. we had substantialing conversations with the hon curian president and met with our ambassador and his team. and i'm grateful for how generous they were with their time. i would like to share with my colleagues a few thoughts and conclusion from this trip. first, i have no doubt and-r violence and lack of opportunity are driving
families to flee honduras. i heard about the problems young people face. the best thing we can do is support efforts that break the cycle of violence and help build opportunities for youth in who are cure rass -- honduras and elsewhere. we saw the programs that actually make a difference. that's where we should be directed our assistance. additionally, i also heard how long-term drought is exacerbating hunger, malnutrition, and loss of livelihoods and igniting a new wave of immigration. sec, i heard from returned migrants and the families of migrants, including those whose loved ones have disappeared and never been heard from again. migrants face abuse as they travel. they are extorted by authorities in next keen sometimes guatemala and robbed or kidnapped and held for ransom by criminal groups. young women run the risk of being trafficked and forced into prostitution.
we heard from return migrants, especially those who have been stopped in mexico about the return journey and the lack of services at the border crossing. we met migrants who had fled gang violence only to be forced to return to the same dangers. i was moved by many of these stories. migrants even those traveling without legal documents have basic rights, and we should be working with the governments of mexico and honduras to ensure they get decrept treatment, access to needed services, and the protection they deserve. third, human rights abuses continue to be a serious problem in honduras. long-time human rights defenders, journalists, and gay lesbian and transgender activist describe ongoing threats, attack, and even assassinations. the response by the police and the attorney general has not improved. in fact, a u.s. supported special investigative unit that was supposed to focus on attacks on the lgbt community,
journalists and others has investigated even you fewer case this is year than last. i am troubled by the government's focus on special military police units whose human rights record isn't good. i support the u.s. decision not to provide aid to the military police. instead, the honduran government needs to clean up and strengthen the police and attorney generals office. my trip was both challenging and inspiring. i saw troubling problems of poverty and violence. heard painful stories about migrant abuses and disappearances. and saw major problems in the area of human rights and the protection of human rights defenders and activists. i also saw hope. i met with young people who dream of bright futures for themselves in honduras. with student and youth leaders who are campaigning selflessly and courageously to build mechanisms to tackle corruption. with lgbt activist, and journalists standing up to threats. i saw community led projects to combat violence and poverty that are making a real
difference. mr. speaker, last week our nation was graced by the presence of pope francis. i was deeply moved by his call for us to welcome the stranger, to help the most vulnerable among us, and to work together for the common good. i believe each of those calls to action apply to the case of honduras. both in how we respond to hon curians fleeing the -- hondurans fleeing to the united states and how we help them respond to their own problems inside their contry. i look forward to working with my colleagues to help the honduran people deal successfully with these challenges. with that i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. the chair recognizes the gentleman from hawaii, mr. takai, for five minutes. mr. takai: aloha, mr. speaker. i rise today to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the asia pacific center for security
studies located in by kiki, hawaii. i want to extend my congratulations to the center on reaching this important milestone. for the last 20 years the asia pacific center for security studies has made significant strides in educating, connecting, and empowering security practitioners. i would like to thank the center for their leadership and i am pleased to see that the k. renamed as the daniel inouye septre, honoring the certainty e late who advocated strongly for peace and stability around the world. as a the united states shifts its focus to the asia pacific region, the daniel k. inouye center will be uniquely situated to play a critical role in driving our nation's securitypolicy. the u.s. rebalanced asia will rely heavily on hawaii's location and relationship with
our partner nations in the region. i can think of no better venue than the inouye center for bringing together representatives from different countries to discuss joint cooperation on important issues. as i have witnessed first hand, the center is focused on producing results. this will be crucial as we continue to move forward with the rebalance and to begin to tackle some of the most pressing security related issues. once again, i want to extend our congratulations on 20 years of service and my warmest mahalo for the tremendous work being done there. mahalo. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. pursuant to clause 12-a of rule >> is rocky -- iraqi serviceman.
in 1973. and now the ranks have been joined bynow radicals have beeny the members of the so-called moderate syria opposition by the western countries. first, they are armed and trained. it was also initial. it is seeking dominance in the islamic world. but needs to go further than that. the situation is more than dangerous.
>> against terrorism. similar to the coalition it could unite a broad range of forces that rest routely resisting those just like the nazis so evil and hatred of humankind. and naturally, the modern countries are to play a key role in the coalition. also because the islamic state oes not only pose a direct threat to them, but also desecrates one of the greatest world religions by its bloody crimes. it makes a mockery of islamists from its true humanistic values. i threat to would like to address muslim leaders as well.
your authority and your guidance are of great importance right now. it is essential to prevent people recruited by militants from making hasty decisions and those who have already been deceived and who, due to various standards, found themselves among terrorists need help in finding a way back to normal life, laying down if and putting an end to atryside. russia will shortly convene as the current president of the security council and min tearial meeting to carry out a comprehensive analysis of threats in the middle east. first of all, we propose discussing whether it's possible to agree on the resolution named at coordinating the actions of all the forces that confront the islamic state and other terrorist organizations. once again, this ordination should be based on the principles of the u.n. charter. we hope that the international community will be able to develop a comprehensive strategy of political stabilization as well as social and economic recovery.
then, dear friend, there would be no need for new refugee camps. today the flow of people who were forced to leave their homeland has literally engulfed neighboring countries and then europe itself. there are hundreds of thousands of them now and there might be millions before long. in fact, it is a new great and tragic migration of people. and it is a harsh lesson for all of us, including europe. i would like to stress refugees undoubtedly need our compassion and support. however, the only way to solve this problem at a fundamental level is to restore the statehood where it has been destroyed, the government institutions where they still exist or being re-established to provide comprehensive assistance of military, economic, and material nature to countries in a difficult situation and certainly to
those people who, besides all the orr deals, will not abandon their homes. literally, any assistance to sovereign states can and must be offered rather than imposed exclusively and solely in accordance with the u.n. charter. in other words, everything in this field that has been done and will be done pursuant to the norms of international law must be supported by our organization. he above all, i believe it is of the utmost importance to help restore government's institutions in libya, support the new government of iraq, and provide comprehensive assistance to the legitimate government of syria. peace lleagues, ensuring and regional and global stability remains the key of the international community with the u.n. we believe this means creating a face of equal and invisible security which is not for the
select few yet it is a time consuming task. but there is no other alternative. however the thinking of the times of the cold war and -- political areas is still present among some of our colleagues. plus they continue their policy -- soviet g nato union has collapsed and nevertheless nato continues expanding as well as its military infrastructure than they offered the poor soviet countries a false choice either to be with the west or the east. sooner or later the logic of confrontation was bound to spark a. this is what happened in ukraine where the discontent of population with the current authorities was used and the military coup was orchestrated from outside and a civil war result.
i'm confident that only through implementation of the minks agreement of february 12, 2015, can put an end to the blood shed and find a way out. ukraine's territorial integrity cannot -- what is needed to the genuine consideration for the interest and rise of the people and respect to their choice. there is a need to coordinate with them as provided for the key element of the country's political structure. these will guarantee that ukraine will develop as a civilized state, as essential link and building a common space of security and economic cooperation both in europe andure asia. ladies and gentlemen, i have mentioned these common space economic agreement on purpose. not long ago it seems that in the economic fear with its objective market laws we left without dividing lines. we will build on transparent and jointly formulated rules,
including the w.t.o. principles for the freedom of trade, investment, and open exetifplgts nevertheless, today -- competition. nevertheless, today, it has become more commonplace in addition to pursuing political objective, these sanctions serve as a means of eliminating competitors. i would like to point out another sign of growing economic selfishness. some countries have chosen to create growth and exclusive economic association. with a negotiation behind the scenes in secret from its own citizens, business community, and other countries. other states whose interests may be affected are not informed of anything, either. it seems that we are about to be faced with an accomplished fact that the rules of game have been changed in favor of a group of the privileged with the w.t.o. having no say.
this could unbalance the trade system completely and disindgreat the global economy. these issues affect the interest of all faiths and influence the future of the world economy as a whole. that is why we propose discussing them within the u.n., w.t.o., and g-20. contrary to the polsiff exclusiveness, russia proposes original economic project. refer to the so-called integration of integration based on universal and transparent rules of international trade. as an example, i would like to cite our plans to interconnect the eurasian economic conclusion. we still believe that harmonizing the integration process within theure asian economic union and european union is highly promising. ladies and gentlemen, the issues that effect the future of all people include the
challenge of global climate change. it is in our interest to make the u.n. climate change conference to be held in december in paris a success. as part of our national contribution, we plan to reduce by 2030 the greenhouse gas issions to 70%, 75% of the 1990 level. i suggest, however, we should take a wider view on this issue. es, we might diffuse the problem for a while by setting quotas on harmful emissions, taking other measures. but we will not solve it that way. we need a completely different approach. we have to focus on introducing fundamental and new technologies which will not damage the environment but would be in harmony with it. also they would allow us to restore the balance between the biosphere by human activities.
it is a challenge. but i'm confident humankind has intellectual potential to address it. we need to join our efforts. i refer to the states that have a solid research basis and that have made significant advances in fundamental science. we propose convening a special forum for a comprehensive consideration of the issues related to the depletion of natural resources, destruction of habitat, and climate change. russia would be red host such a forum. ladies and gentlemen, colleagues, it was on the 10th of january, 1946, in london, that the u.n. general assembly athered for its first session. a columbian diplomat and chairman of the commission opened the session by giving, i
believe, a definition of the basic principles that the u.n. should follow which are free will, and spirit of cooperation. today his words sound as a guidance for all of us. russia believes in the huge potential of the united nations which should help us avoid a new global confrontation and engage in strategy operation -- strategic operation. together with other countries we'll consistently work towards central coordinating role of the u.n. i'm confident by working together we will make the as well table and safe as provide conditions for the development of all states and nations. thank you. [applause] on behalf of the general
assembly, i wish to send of the president russian federation for the statement just made. may i request representatives to remain seated while we greet the president. >> the assembly will hear an address by her excellency park, president of the republic of korea. i request the proper call to escort her excellency.
korea. i invite her to address the assembly. ay i once again ask everyone be quiet. [applause] president park: mr. president, mr. secretary general, fellow delegates. i would like to first extend my congratulations on the 70th anniversary of the foundation of the united nations. is are would like to congratulate you, former speaker of the danish parliament, on your exlention as president of the 70th session of the u.s. general assembly. the united nations established 70 years ago after overcoming the calamities of war was a beacon of hope for all people around the world. this was because of the trust and hope towards the u.s. spirit of putting people at the center, despite the constraints
of real politics. despite numerous challenges and criticisms, the u.n. has been contributions us to promoting the common good for humanity. even as we speak, the blue helmets, a symbol of peace of the u.n. peacekeeping operations are greatly contributing to international peace and security. the adoption of the universal declaration of human rights in 1948 provided a groundbreaking occasion to promote human rights while the establishment of the human rights counsel and the international criminal court marked conspicuous progress towards institutionalizing the protection of human rights. the goals announced in 2000 was the most successful poverty eradication campaign in the history of the u.n., lifting hundreds of millions of people ut of extreme poverty.
and few places in the world would see the u.n.'s efforts make as much a defense as in the republic of korea. this year also carries a special meaning for the republic of korea, a year that brings both the joy of marking the 70th anniversary of our liberation, and the anguish of going into the 70th year of our division. during the past 70 years the republic of korea rose above the orr deals of partition and went on to simultaneously acleave industrialization and democratization. and the u.n. has stood with the republic of korea since the founding of our government to this very day. the values and ideals upheld by the u.n., global peace, promoting human rights, and common prosperity embody the very vision of the republic of korea and future that korea is envisions is in sync with the aspirations of the u.n.
the challenges pursued and achievements made by korea over the years are a testament to how the u.n.'s goal for better world has been successfully manufactured. -- man fested. -- manifested. notwithstanding these efforts by the u.n. and the international community, humanity today is confronted with multiple simultaneous challenges in all corners of the world. to this day there is no shortage of conflict big and small, and extreme civil wars. the surge in extremist groups the isil represents is now a global concern that needs to be urgently addressed. a single photo of alan captures how such instability is unleashing the greatest humantarian refugee crisis ince the second world war.
global climate change is even threatening the life of our future generations, ebola, and other infectious diseases are causing countless victims awakening us to the importance of health security. today no one in our global village is free from these global and transnational threats and challenges. as the international order experiences these tech tonic shifts, now more than ever, is the time to once again light up the beacon of hope called the n. throughout the world to promote international peace and security, human rights, and common prosperity. above all, the international community should rally around the u.n. and return to the founding spirit of the u.n. charter that calls for faith in the dignity and worth of the human person. we must build a u.n. that is strong, carry the banner of
renewed multilech turelism, and realize the value of human dignity based on freedom, human rights, justice, and the rule of law. [applause] as a nation, the peace and happiness of a global village at the center of its diplomatic endeavors, korea will spare no effort and support for the u.n. in addressing the challenges faced by the international community while highlighting the ideals of humanism and the need to live up to those ideals. to produce a ve new post-2015 development agenda is also anchored to this people-centered spirit. the 2030 agenda for sustainable development adopted at the u.n. sustainable development summit three days ago will set a
historic milestone towards a better world, that leaves no one behind. no more than half a century ago, the republic of korea was among the poorest countries in the world. today, it is one of the world's top 10 economies. in the course of achieving this miracle on the han river, we drew immense strength from the assistance and development cooperation of the international community. in this regard, i believe the 230 agenda for sustainable development will be an important steppingstone that can lead to a second and third iracle around the world. the republic of korea in the capacity as the president which would be playing a key role in the implementation of this jefment agenda will actively
contribute to achieving development goals. along the way the republic of korea will proactively share our development, experience,s and know how with the international community. in the meantime we have been sharing with the developing countries the experiences of e -- which served as a springboard for korea's leap board. i believe this can maximize the utility of cooperation development cooperation with developing countries given it ignites a sense of confidence and ownership and lays the groundwork for self-help in communities with the engagement of the local people. two days ago, we co-hosted with the u.n. v.p.a. oecd a special high level event on the undon and agreed to work together to help err rad great poverty and build transformative local communities in developing contrifments we'll further expand their efforts so they can progress as a new paradigm
for rural development in developing countries. another important driving pores behind korea's economic development was the human talent that has been nurtured through insparing investment. education is the key sussstapeable development agenda that helps empower the individual and attain national development. korea has been actively engaging in the global education first initiative as a champion country. we hosted the world's education forum with unesco last may and led the adoption of the declaration which sets the educational goals to be achieved by 2030. going forward, the republic of korea is determined to make such continued effort in the area of education. in particular, korea will continue to work with ue knees could he to spread global citizenship education. next, korea will also play a
strong role in reinforcing global health security. in addition to the dispatching a disaster response team to sierra leone to help fight ebola late last year, korea announced it would contribute $100 million over the next five years to support capacity building in developing countries at the second high level meeting of global health curt agenda held in seoul three weeks ago. in addition, the republic of korea plans to pursue project to support developing countries worth $200 million over the next five years under the better life for girls initiative. [applause] fellow delegates, even as we achieved ratchpid industrialization, korea has also been exerting great energy
to ensure the coexistence of men and nature. our designation of april 5 as arbor day and the promotion of forestation led to a 20 fold increase in the number of trees per hectar over the past 50 years. since 1972, the designated green belt zone to curb development in the suburbs. thereby achieving harmony between the environment and development. now we are channeling our environmental advocacy to joining the international communities' response to climate change. dealing with climate change is an urgent task that we can no longer afford to put off. it is critical that the international community produce a concrete meaningful outcome at top 21 this december. i believe that addressing climate change is not a burden but a fresh opportunity to create future drivers of growth
through technological innovation. guided by the belief korea submitted a forward leaning intended nationally determined contribution last june and is actively seeking to transition toward the low-carbon economy while actively participating in the climate negotiations. in addition, as the host country of the green climate fund secretariat and the global green growth institute, korea will continue to support climate action by developing business models relating to new energy industries and sharing hem with developing countries. ladies and gentlemen, the u.n. recent review of peace operations, peace building, as well as women, peace, and security in klein with the changing security environment could not have come at a better time. as a country that experienced a
devastating war and remains scarred to this day by partition, the republic of korea is acutely aware of the importance of peace and is strongly supporting the efforts of the u.n. to protect peace. to date, korea has dispatched ome 13,500 peacekeepers to 18 missions. korean peacekeepers are being held in high regard for their exemplary and community friendly peacekeeping and reconstruction activities. upon consultation with the u.n., korea plans to make additional deployments to peacekeeping missions in the near future and will strengthen our substantive partnership with the african union. to assist syria refugees flowing from instability in the middle east, korea will step up its humanitarian assistance to the relevant countries. korea is also pouring its
efforts into laying the groundwork for peace in northeast asia. a region that continues to undergo persistent tensions and discord among countries. in northeast asia, we see a deepening of the asia paradox phenomenon. where political and security cooperation lags behind the high degree of economic interdependence among the countries in the region. recently, new moves that could potentially have profound consequences for northeast asia security order, leading to misgivings among countries in the region. japan's recently passed defense and security legislation should be implemented transparently and in a way that is conducive to friendly relations among regional countries and to peace and stability in the region. pointing to northeast asia with its continuing tensions and
discord, second general once described the region as a crucial missing link with no regional cooperation mechanism. the reason i'm pushing forward the northeast asia peace and cooperation initiative is to reconnect that missing link and thereby create a virtual cycle of trust building and increase cooperation. at the moment, consultations among the countries of the region are under way in a range of collaborative areas including nuclear security, disaster management and health, and the accumulation of these experiences will also contribute to promoting global peace and cooperation. such efforts on our part will also help to resolve the north korea nuclear issue which poses a serious threat to peace in northeast asia and beyond. resolving the north korean nuclear issue should be accorded the highest priority if we are to uphold the integrity of the international
nuclear nonproliferation regime and leave up to the aspirations of humanity for world without nuclear weapons. last july, the iran nuclear deal was reached. now the international community should focus its efforts on resolving the north korean nuclear issue. the last remaining nonproliferation challenge. in recent weeks, the democratic peoples republic of korea once again publicly intimidated further acts of provocation hat would violate u.n.s.c. resolutions this would undermine the efforts of the members of the six party talks to reopen talks. do prk would do well to reform and endeavor to free its people from hardship. pushing athe provocations including the nuclear program will undermine the values of humanity. espoused by the international community and the u.n.
the g.p.r. give up its nuclear am missions and choose the path towards openness and cooperation, the republican of korea will work with the international community to actively support north korea in developing its economy and improving the quality of life of its people. [applause] ladies and gentlemen, during the last 10 years the u.n. has achieved significant progress not only in terms of protecting human rights and advancing freedom. the concept of responsibility to protect was adopted as of -- u.n. world simultaneous summit and legal accountability for those involved with genocide was defined with the establishment of the international criminal tribunal of rwanda. the tribunal for the former yugoslavia and international
criminal courts. i believe we should further strengthen the responsibility to protect in order to prevent the humanitarian crisis our world currently faces from deteriorating further. last year, at this very podium, i stressed the sexual violence against women during armed conflicts whenever or wherever it may have taken place is unquestionably a violation of human rights and humanism. this year marks the 15th anniversary of the adoption of the security council resolution 1325 on women, peace, and security. and the international community should do justice to the occasion by paying greater attention to sexual violence against women in conflict situations. the most compelling reason is the fact that only a few of the victims of brutal sexual violence during world war ii are still alive today. solutions that can bring healing to their hearts need to be devised quickly. while these victims are still
alive. the efforts of the u.n. high commissioners of human rights and special represent twires on this issue must not be allowed to come to nothing. there's no path unlocking the future if the past is not acknowledged. we now hope the spirit of enduring partnership towards humanity that the u.n. embodies will resonate far and wide so that the past wounds can be healed and a new future can unfold. [applause] >> one issue that has attracted great international attention in the realm of human rights over the past year is the human rights situation of the gprk. the report of the commission of inquiry on human rights in the gprk published last year called for the active response of the international community to address the north korean human rights issue.
in the wake of the reports released, not only were the u.n. human rights council and general assembly adopt rellvation resolutions, no less than the security council would take up the issue for discussion. we once again call on the dprk to heed the concerns of the community and start improving the state of human rights. at the d gentlemen, u.n. general assembly last year world equal at the peace pipe be built to unfold dreams of peace within the de mille tarized zone, the symbol of a divided korean peninsula. however, as the recent land mine in the d.m.z. came home, the reality we face is peace in he korean peninsula can be jeopardized in any single moment. fortunately, the two core reas managed to reach an agreement on august 25 through high level talks and are now standing at
the juncture pointing to a psych of trust and cooperation. the impetus for moving new virtual cycle forward will come from the faithful plementation of the august 25th accord and fulfillment of concrete steps for reconciliation and cooperation by both koreas. we must no longer use political and military reasons as excuses for turninging a blind eye to humanitarian issues. such as reunion of the families in particular. i hope we can embark on the path to remain gaining our common identity as one nation through the official dialogue and a range of exchanges provided for in this august agreement. mr. secretary general and fellow delegates, on october 3, a few days from today, the german people will be celebrating the 25th anniversary of their reunification. just as the u.n. had the birth
of the republic of korea in 1948, i dream of the day to come soon when the entire world celebrates a unified korea. [applause] ending the seven-decades long history of a divided korean peninsula, the last remaining vestige of the cold war will mark nothing less than a contribution to global peace. not long ago, the republic of korea organized a journey by rail called theure asia friendship express that went through russia and reached all the way to europe. those who took part in the journey came back deeply touched and moved. however, the train could not run through the gprk as the rails there were closed off. i ask all of you here at the u.n. to lend us your strength
so those doors are swung open and the era of peace can uffuse the korean peninsula. a peacefully unified korea will be a thriving democratic nation, free of nuclear weapons, and the ones that uphold human rights. what is more, a unified korean peninsula, both as a symbol of peace in our global village and a new engine of growth will contribute greatly to peace and prosperity in northeast asia and beyond. i hope that the u.n. and all peace loving countries will work together so that the ideals of peace and human dignity dreamt off by the u.n. founders 70 years ago can also be fulfilled through the unification of the korean peninsula. on this grand journey towards a better world, you can rest assured that the republic of korea companion that the u.n.
>> the assembly will hear an address by his excellency, the president of the islamic republic of iran. request the protocol to escort is excellency. on behalf of the general assembly, i have the honor to welcome to the united nations his excellency, hassan rouhani, president of the islamic republic of iran, and to invite him to address the assembly.
president row han yea: the -- president rouhani: the most compassionate, most merciful, praise be to allah, and peace and greetings to prophet muhammad. mr. president, i am speaking on ehalf of a great nation. who is mourning the loss of thousands of muslim pilgrims and hundreds of its own itizens. old, young, men, and women who have come together in the grand and global spiritual gathering
of the haj. but unfortunately fell victims to the incompetence and mismanagement of those in charge. due to their unaccountability, even the missing cannot be identified and the expeditious return of the bodies of the deceased to their mourning families has been prevented. the scope of a slamity in which thousands of innocent people from the four corners of the world has been killed and wounded is so broad that it cannot be dealt with as a natural disaster or local issue. the pain and emotional distress inflicted on millions of slims is greater than what
can be repaired nearly through material calculations. public opinion demands that saudi arabia -- saudi arabian officials promptly fulfill their international obligations and grant immediate counselor access for the expeditious identification and return of the cherished bodies and remains. moreover, it is necessary that the conditions are prepared for an independent and precise investigation into the causes of this disaster and ways of preventing its repetition in the future. mr. president, distinguished secretary general, excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, i am speaking on behalf of a nation that two years ago, again, voted for
constructive engagement with the world and i can now proudly announce that today a new chapter has started in iran's relations with the world. two years ago the people of iran in a competitive election with their votes gave me a mandate for consolidating peace and constructive engagement with the world while pursuing national rights, interests, and security. this national will manifested itself through a careful and clear diplomatic effort which results -- resulted in the joint comprehensive plan of action between the islamic republic of iran and six world powers that was immediately turned into an international instrument with the
united ion of the nations security council. from the standpoint of international law, this instrument sets a strong precedent wherefore the first time two sides rather than negotiating peace after war engaged in dialogue and understanding before the eruption of conflicts. at this point i deem it necessary to recognize the rome of all the -- role of all the negotiators in achieving this agreement. we had decided to bring about a you new environment while maintaining our principles and e succeeded in doing so. where necessary, we moved forward and where necessary we showed the courage for flexibility. at each point we made use of the full capacity of
international law and showcased the potentials of constructed -- constructive dialogue. the key point regarding the success of dialogue is the fact that any actor in the international system who pursues maximalist demands and does not allow space for the other side cannot speak of peace, stability, and development. as in commerce and economic activity where the interests of both parties should be taken into account, in politics and international relations, as well as multilateralism and win-win solutions should be the basis of engagement. mr. president, the united nations was established to sustain global peace and
security after two world wars. but, unfortunately, it must be said that in most cases this important international institution has not been successful or effective. this time, however, the united nations made the right decision. though we protest the adoption of unfair resolutions against the islamic republic of iran, and the imposition of sanctions against the iranian nation and government as a result of misunderstandings and sometimes overt hostilities of some countries, however, we believe as an old iranian saying goes, the sooner you stop harm, the more benefit you will reap. today is the very day that harm is stopped. security council resolution 2231, despite some significant
shortcomings, was an important development in the basis for terminating sanctions imposing resolutions against iran. we consider as unfair the unconduct of the security council in the past and insist that iran, due to the important fatwa of its leader, and its defense doctrine, has never had the intention of producing a nuclear weapon and therefore sanctioned resolutions against iran were unjust and illegal. sanctions by the security council and unilateral sanctions by some countries were based on elusive and baseless allegations and created difficulty conditions for our people. but these sanctions never in any way affected the policy that we adopted and the approach we took towards negotiations.
we proved in these negotiations there is nothing on iran's table other than logic, reason, and ethics and where necessary legitimate and decisive self-defense against any kind of aggression. . and self-defense against any ind of aggression. for which ultimately the united states of america was prompted and forced to set aside pressure and sanctions and choose the table of negotiations and discussions. our seven countries and the european union expended considerable time and diplomatic capital in these negotiations and therefore they should exert their utmost effort to protect and implement the agreement. we deem the compliance of all
parties with their commitments as the fundamental factor as the success in the implementation process of the negotiations. parallel to the implementation of the joint comprehensive plan of action, we also expect the nuclear weapon states to take necessary steps to fulfill their commitment of full nuclear disarmament based on article 6 of the nonproliferation treaty. furthermore, we expect them to play a positive role in the creation of a nuclear weapons ree middle east and not to ahow the zionist regime to remain the only impediment in the way of realizing this important initiative. mr. president, the nuclear deal, which is a brilliant ample of victory over war, has managed to disperse the
clouds of hostility and perhaps even the specter of another war and extensive tensions from the middle east. the deal can and should harold a new era and lead to positive outcomes regarding the establishment of sustainable peace and stability in the region. from our point of view, the agreed-upon deal is not the final objective but a development which can and should be the basis of further achievements to come. considering the fact that this deal has created an objective basis and set an appropriate model, it can serve as a basis for foundational change in the region. our policy is to continue our peace-seeking efforts in the region based on the same win-win principle and act in a
way that would lead to all in the region and the world benefiting from these new conditions. is opportunity can be seized in order to look to the future and avoid looking on the past and rebuild our relationships with countries in the region, particularly with our neighbors based on mutual respect and our common and collective interests. unfortunately, the middle east and north africa has turned into one of the world's most turbulent regions. with the continuation and intensification of the current condition, the turmoil can spread to other parts of the world. in today's interconnected and borderless world, countries and regions encounter great difficulty in protecting their borders and preventing the
spread of insecurity and instability. the gravest and most important threat to the world today is for terrorist organizations to become terrorist states. we consider it unfortunate for national uprisings in our region to be deviated by terrorists and for the destiny of nations to be determined by arms and terror rather than the ballot box. we propose that the fight against terrorism be incorporated into a binding international document and no country be allowed to use terrorism for the purpose of intervention in the affairs of another country. we are prepared to assist in the eradication of terrorism
and in paving the way for democracy and ensuring that arms do not dictate the course of events in the region. as we aided the establishment of democracy in iraq and afghanistan, we are prepared to help bring about democracy in syria as well as yemen. we support the consolidation of power through the votes of people rather than with arms. we defend the rule of the majority that respects the rights of minorities. today, iran, while safeguarding the cultural heritage, is looking to the future. not only the distant future but also the near future with a bright outlook for cooperation and coexistence. i say to all nations and all governments that we will not forget the past but we do not
wish to live in the past. we will not forget war and sanctions but we look to peace and development. through the joint comprehensive plan of action, we were not solely seeking a nuclear deal. we want to suggest a new and constructive way to re-create the international orlando -- order, an order based on mutual respect, nonintervention in the internal affairs of others as well as on sustained cooperation and co-existens between the members of the -- coexistence between the members of the united nations. we must learn our lessons from the bitter lessons -- from the bitter past. we know that the only way to perpetuate peace is through development. peace without development is merely a recess while
resentment and suspicion builds. however, peace alongside development lets anger and resentment dissipate and be replaced with hope and respect for others. we have repeatedly said that the only way to uproot terrorism in the middle east is by targeting its underlying social, economic and cultural causes. economic interactions may bring about lasting security and transform the region into a haven for peace and development . after the joint comprehensive plan of action, iran will stand ready to show that the practical path to security and stability is through the development that comes with economic engagement. iran, with all of its economic and cultural potential, is
well-positioned to become a hub for export-oriented investment. iran is also eager to show that we can all choose a lasting peace based on development and shared interests that will lead to a sustainable security rather than a volatile peace based on threats. we hope to engage with our neighbors in a wide range of social and economic cooperation, which will enable the achievement of political understanding and for even fast -- and even foster structural security cooperation. in the international system today, mutual economic ties are deemed the foremost factors in facilitating political cooperation and reducing security-related challenges. mr. president, in 2013 from this very stage i called for
combating violence and extremism. consequently, you, the representatives of the international community unanimously gave it a seal of dorsement and hence the wave resolution came to be. the implementation of wave requires well-intentioned solutions and the use of experiences gained in the realm of diplomacy. i am pleased that by placing together the support for the joint comprehensive plan of action with the invaluable support for wave, we may now devise a plan to the problems of a shattered middle east under the clause of brutality and savagery. with a view to fighting ignorance, dictatorship, poverty, corruption, terrorism, violence and their social, political, economic and security impacts, i would like
to invite the whole world and especially the countries of my region, to form a joint comprehensive plan of action to create a united front against extremism and violence. this front must create a collective and global movement to tackle regional problems in a serious manner through dialogue, prevent the slaughter of innocent people and the bombardment of civilians as well as the promotion of violence and killing of other human beings, provide for the stability and cooperation with established central governments to maintain stability and once tabed is established, -- stability is established, build governance in the region. ladies and gentlemen, iraq, syria and yemen are all examples of crises being stoked
through terror, extremism, violence, bloodshed, invasion and the indifference of the international community. they are similar examples displaying cases of displacement, homelessness and fleeing from the horrors of war and bombardments. their problems have persisted because the international community has failed them and because of incorrect actions of newcomers to the region and aive transregional actors. consequently, the wave of destruction has gone beyond the arab world and reached the gates of europe and the united states and has resulted in the destruction of the relics of civility and precious works of ancient civilizations and more broadly has resulted in the death of humanity itself. we must not forget that the roots of today's wars'
destruction and terror can be found in the occupation, invasion and military intervention of yesterday. if we did not have the u.s. military invasion of afghanistan and iraq and the u.s.'s -- united states' unwarranted support for the inhumane actions of the zionist regime against the oppressed nation of palestine, today the terrorists would not have an excuse for the justification of the crimes. it is urgent for the united states government, instead of explaining the truth of the region and throwing about baseless accusations and pursuing other dangerous policies in defense of its regional allies who only cultivate deceits of division and extremism, this must be brought to an end and its actions must be made compatible
with the realies of the region. mr. president, despite the many problems in our region today, we believe in a promising future. we have no doubt we can overcome the obstacles by wisdom and prudence as well as by the use of new and powerful capacities and by relying upon our civilizational rules and our serious resolve. we, in light of divine revelation, have faith in humanity's bright future in which people live in peace, tranquility and spirituality. we believe in the will of nations to pick the path of goodness and purity. we believe that ultimate victory will be one by those with good-natured piette. - piety.
thank you, all, for your attention. [applause] >> on behalf of the general assembly, i wish to thank the president of the islamic republic of iran for the statement just made. may i request representatives to remain seated while we greet the president. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] >> leaving live coverage of speeches from the u.n. at this point. president obama was one of the speakers earlier today as was russian president vladimir putin. we did show both of them live this morning and we plan to reair both speeches this evening beginning with president obama followed by president putin tonight. that starts at 8:00 eastern. u.s. house will gavel in in about 45 minutes. we'll have that legislative session beginning at 2:00 p.m. eastern. while we wait for the house to gavel in, we'll show you
president obama's comments at the u.n. earlier today. >> on behalf of the general assembly, i have the honor to welcome the united nations his excellency, barack obama, president of the united states of america, and to invite him to address the assembly. president obama: mr. speaker, r. secretary general, fellow delegates, ladies and gentlemen , 70 years after the founding
of the united nations it is worth reflecting on what together the members of this body have helped to achieve. out of the ashes of the second world war, having witnessed the unthinkable power of the atomic age, the united states has worked with many nations in this assembly to prevent a third world war. by forging alliances with old adversaries, by supporting the steady emergence of strong democracies, accountable to their people instead of any foreign power. and by building an international system that imposes a cost on those who choose conflict over cooperation. an order that recognizes the dignity and equal worth of all people.
that is the work of seven decades. that is the ideal that this body at its best has pursued. of course, there have been too many times when collectively we have fallen short of these ideals. over seven decades, terrible conflicts have claimed untold victims, but we have pressed to ard slowly, steadily make a system of international rules and norms that are better and stronger and more onsistent. it is this international order that is underwritten unparalleled advances in human liberty and prosperity. it is this collective endeavor
that's brought about diplomatic cooperation between the world's major powers and buttressed a global economy that has lifted more than a billion people from poverty. it is these international principles that have helped constrain bigger countries from imposing our will on smaller ones and advanced the emergence of democracy and development and individual liberty on every continent. this progress is real. it can be documented and lives saved and agreements forged and diseases conquered and in mouths fed. and yet we come together today knowing that the march of human progress never travels in a straight line, that our work is far from complete, that dangerous currents risk pulling
s back into a darker, more disordered world. today, we see the collapse of strong men and fragile states breeding conflict and driving innocent men, women and children across borders on an epic scale. brutal networks of terror have stepped into the vacuum. technologies that empower individuals are now also exploited by those who spread disinformation or suppressed dissent or radicalize our youth . global capital flows have powered growth and investment t also increased risk of constageon, weaken the power of bargaining workers and accelerated inequality. how should we respond to these rends?
there are those that argue that shows enshrined in the u.n. charter are unachievable or out of date, a legacy of a post-war era not suited to our own. effectively, they argue to the return of the rules of human history and that predate this institution. the belief that power is a zero sum game that might make right, that strong states must impose their will on weaker ones, that the rights of individuals don't matter and that at a time of rapid change, order must be mposed by force. on this basis, we see major powers assert themselves that contraconvenient international
law. we see an erosion of the democratic principles and human rights that are fundamental to this institution's mission. information is strictly controlled. the space for civil society restricted. we're told that such retrenchment is required to beat back disorder, that it's the only way to stamp out terrorism or prevent foreign meddling. in accordance with this logic, we should support tyrants like ashar al-assad who drop barrel bombs to innocent children because the alternative is surely worse. the increasing skepticism of our international order can also be found in the most advanced democracies. we see greater polarization, more frequent gridlock,
movements on the far right and sometimes the left that insist on stopping the trade that binds our faiths to other nations, calling for the building of walls to keep out of immigrants. and most ominously, we see the fears of ordinary people being exploited to repeals to sectarianism or tribalism or racism or anti-semitism. appeals to a glorious past before the body politick was infected by those who looked different or worshiped god differently. politics of us versus them. the united states is not immune from this. even as our economy is growing and our troops have largely returned from yirke and afghanistan, we see -- iraq and afghanistan, we see our debates
as our role in the world, a notion of strength that is old d by opposition to enemies, perceived adversaries, a rising china or a resurgent russia, a revolutionary iran or an islam that is incompatible with peace. we see an argument made that the only strength that matters for the united states is bellicose words and shows military force, that cooperation and diplomacy will not work. as president of the united states, i'm mindful of the dangers that we face, that cross my desk every morning.
i lead the strongest military that the world has ever known, and i will never hesitate to protect my country or our allies unilaterally and by force when necessary. but i stand before you today believing in my core that we, the nations of the world cannot return to the old ways of conflict and coercion. we cannot look backwards. we live in an integrated world, one in which we all have a stake in each other's success. we cannot turn back those forces of integration. no nation in this assembly can insulate itself from the threat of terrorism or the risk of financial contageon, the flow of my grants or the danger --
migrants or the danger of a warming planet. the disorder we see is not driven solely by competition between nations or any single ideology, and if we cannot work together more effectively, we will all suffer the consequences. that is true for the united states as well, no matter how powerful our military, how we g our economy, understand the united states cannot solve the world's roblems alone. in iraq, the united states learned the hard lessons that even hundreds of thousands of brave effective troops, trillions of dollars from our treasury cannot by itself
impose stability on a foreign nd unless we work with other nations under the mantle of international norms and principles and law that offer legitimacy to our efforts, we will not succeed. and unless we work together to defeat the ideas that drive different communities in a country, like iraq, into conflict, any order that our militaries can impose will be temporary. and just as force alone cannot impose order internationally, i believe in my core that repression cannot forge the social cohesion for nations to succeed. the history of the last two decades proves that in today's world, dictatorships are unstable. the strong men of today become the spark of revolution tomorrow. you can jail your opponents,
but you can't imprison ideas. you can try to control access to information, but you cannot turn a lie into truth. it is not a conspiracy of u.s.-backed n.g.o.'s that expose corruption and raise the expectations of people around the globe. it's technology, social media and the irreduceable desire of people everywhere about how to make their own choices about how they are governed. indeed, i believe that in today's world, the measure of strength is no longer defined by the control of territory. lasting prosperity does not come solely from the ability to access and extract raw materials. the strength of nations depends on the success of their people. their knowledge, their innovation, their imagination.
their creativity, their drive, their opportunity, and that in turn depends on individual rights and good governance and personal security. internal repression and foreign aggression are both symptoms of the failure to provide this oundation. the politics and solidarity that is deem onizing others, hat draws on religious sectarianism may at times look like strength in the moment but over time its weakness will be exposed and history tells thaws the dark forces unleashed by -- us that the dark forces unleashed surely make all of us unsecure. our world has been there before. we gain nothing from going back.
instead, i believe that we must go forward in pursuit of our ideals, not abandon them at this critical time. we must give expression to our best hopes, not our deepest fears. this institution was founded because men and women who came before us had the foresight to know that our nations are more secure when we uphold basic laws and basic norms and pursue a path of cooperation over conflict. and strong nations above all have a responsibility to uphold his international order. let me give you a concrete example. after i took office, i made clear that one of the principal achievements of this body, the nuclear nonproliferation regime was endangered by iran's
violation of the n.p.t. on that basis, the security council tightened sanctions on the iranian government and many nations joined us to enforce them. together we showed that laws and agreements mean something. but we also understood that the goal of sanctions was not simply to punish iran. our objective was to test whether iran could change course, accept constraints and allow the world to verify that its nuclear program will be peaceful. for two years, the united states and our partners, including russia, including china stuck together in complex negotiations. the result is a lasting comprehensive deal that prevents iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon while allowing it to access peaceful energy. and if this deal is fully
implemented, the prohibition on nuclear weapons is strengthened , a potential war is averted, ur world is safer. that is the strength of the international system when it works the way it should. that same fidelity to international order guides our responses to other challenges around the world. consider russia's annexation of crimea and further aggression in eastern ukraine. america has few economic interests in ukraine. we recognize the deep and complex history between russia and ukraine, but we cannot stand by when the sovereignty and territorial integrity of a nation is flagrantly violated. that happens without consequence in ukraine it could
happen to any nation gathered here today. that's the basis of the sanctions that the united states and our partners impose on russia, it's not a desire to return to a cold war. now, within russia, state-controlled media may describe these events as an , mple of a resurgent russia a view shared, by the way, by a number of u.s. politicians and commentators who have always been deeply skeptical of russia and seem to be convinced a new cold war is in fact upon us. you know, look at the results. the ukrainian people are more interested than ever in aligning with europe instead of russia. sanctions have led to capital flight, a contracting economy, fallen ruble and more
educated russians. imagine if instead russia had engaged in true diplomacy and worked with ukraine and the international community to ensure its interests were protected. that would be better for ukraine but also better for russia. and better for the world. which is why we continue to press for this crisis to be resolved. in a way that allows a sovereign and democratic ukraine to determine its future and control its territory, not because we want to isolate russia. we don't. but because we want a strong russia that's invested in working with us to strengthen the international system as a whole. similarly, in the south china sea, the united states makes no claim on territory there.
we don't adjudicate claims, but like every nation gathered here, we have an interest in upholding the basic principles of freedom of navigation and the free flow of commerce and in resolving disputes through international law, not the law of force. so we will defend these principles while encouraging china and other claimants to resolve their differences eacefully. i say this recognizing that diplomacy is hard, that the outcomes are sometimes unsaving, that it's rarely politically popular, but i believe that leaders of large nations, in particular, have an obligation to take these risks precisely because we are strong
enough to protect our interests if and when diplomacy fails. i also believe that to move forward in this new era we have to be strong enough to acknowledge when what you're doing is not working. for 50 years, the united states pursued a cuba policy that failed to improve the lives of the cuban people. we changed that. we continue to have differences with the cuban government. we will continue to stand up for human rights, but we address these issues through diplomatic relations and increased commerce and people-to-people ties. as these contacts yield progress, i'm confident that our congress will inevitably lift an embargo that should not be in place anymore. [applause]
change won't come overnight to cuba but i'm confident that openness, not coercion, will support the reforms and better the life the cuban people deserve. just as i believe that cuba will find its success if it per sues cooperation with other nations pursues cooperation with other nations. now, if it's in the interest of major powers to uphold international standards, it is even more true for the rest of the community of nations. look around the world. rom singapore to colombia to senegal, the facts show that nations succeed when they pursue an inclusive peace and prosperity within their borders and work cooperatively with ountries beyond their borders.
that path is now available to a nation like iran, which, as of this moment, continues to deploy violent proxies to advance its interests. these efforts may appear to give iran leverage in disputes with neighbors, but they fuel sectarian conflict that endangers the entire region and isolates iran from the promise of trade and commerce. the iranian people have a proud history and are filled with extraordinary potential, but chanting "death to america" does not create jobs or make iran more secure. if iran chooses a different path, that would be good for the security of the region, good for the iranian people and ood for the world. of course, around the globe we will be continued to be
confronted by nations who reject these lessons of history, places where civil strife and border disputes and sectarian wars bring about terrorist enclafes and humanitarian disasters -- unclaves and humanitarian disasters. where order has completely broken down, we must act, but we will be stronger when we act together. in such efforts, the united states will always do our part. we will do so mindful of the lessons of the past, not just the lessons of iraq but also the example of libya where we joined an international copings under a u.n. mandate -- cooperation under a u.n. mandate to prevent a slaughter. even as we helped the libyan people bring an end to the reign of a tyrant, our coalition could have and should have done more to fill a vacuum left behind.
we're grateful to the united nations for its efforts to forge a unity government. we will help any legitimate libyan government as it works to bring the country together, but we also have to recognize that we must work more effectively in the future as an international community to build capacity, for states that are in distress before they collapse. that's why we should celebrate the fact that later today, the united states will join with more than 50 countries to enlist new capabilities, infantry, intelligence, helicopters, hospitals and tens of thousands of troops to strengthen united nations peacekeeping. [applause] these new capabilities can prevent mass killing and ensure
that peace agreements are more than words on paper. but we have to do it together. together we must strengthen our collective capacity to establish security where order has broken down and to support those who seek a just and lasting peace. nowhere is our commitment to international order more tested than in syria. when a dictator slaughters tens of thousands of his own people, that is not just a matter of one nation's internal affairs. it breeds human suffering on an order of magnitude that affects us all. likewise, when a terrorist groups beheads captives, slaughters the innocent and enslaves women, that's not a
single nation's national security problem, that is an assault on all our humanity. i've said before and i will repeat, there's no room for accommodating an apocalyptic cult like isil and the united states makes no apology of using our military as part of a broad coalition to go after them. we do so with a determination to ensure there will never be a safe haven for terrorists who carry out these crimes, and we have demonstrated over more than a decade of relentless pursuit of al qaeda, we will . t be outlasted by extremists but while military power is necessary, it is not sufficient to resolve the situation in syria. lasting stability can only take hold when the people of syria forge an agreement to live together peacefully. the united states is prepared
to work with any nation, including russia and iran, to esolve the conflict. but we must recognize that there cannot be, after so much bloodshed, so much carnage a return to the pre-war status quo. let's remember how this started . assad reacted to peaceful escalating repression and killing that in turn created the environment for the current strife. and so assad and his allies can't simply pacify the broad majority of a population who had been brutalized by chemical weapons and indiscriminant bombing. yes, realism dictates that compromise will be required to
end the fighting and ultimately stamp out isil, but realism also requires a managed transition away from assad and to a new leader and an inclusive government that recognizes there must be an end to this chaos so that the syrian people can begin to rebuild. we know that isil, which emerged out of the chaos of iraq and syria, depends on perpetual war to survive, but we also know that they gain adherence because of a poisonous ideology. so part of our job, together, is to work to reject such extremism that ineffects too many of our young people. part of that effort must be a continued rejection by muslims of those who distort islam to preach intolerance and promote violence and it must also involve a rejection by
non-muslims of the ignorance that equates islam with terror. [applause] this work will take time. there are no easy answers to syria, and there are no simple answers to the changes that are taking place in much of the middle east and north africa. but so many families need help right now. they don't have time. that's why the united states is increasing the number of refugees who we welcome within our borders. that's why we will continue to be the largest donor of assistance to support those refugees, and today we are launching new efforts to ensure our people and our businesses, our universities and our n.g.o.'s can help as well. because in the faces of suffering families, our nation
of immigrants sees ourselves. of course, in the old ways of thinking, the plight of the powerless, the plight of refugees, the plight of the marginalized did not matter. they were on the periphery of he world's concerns. today, our concern for them is driven, not just by conscience, but should also be driven by self-interest. for helping people who've been pushed to the margins of our world is not mere charity. it is a matter of collective security, and the purpose of this institution is not merely to avoid conflict, it is to galvanize the collective action that makes life better on this planet. the commitments we've made to the sustainable development goals speak to this truth. i believe that capitalism has been the greater creator of wealth and opportunity that the world has ever known. but from big cities to rural
villages around the world, we also know that prosperity is still cruelly out of reach for too many. as his holiness, pope francis, reminds us, we are stronger when we value the least among equal nd see them as indignity to ourselves and our sons and our daughters. we can roll back preventable disease and end the scourge of hiv-aids. we can stamp out pandemics that recognize no borders. that work may not be on television right now, but as we demonstrated in reversing the spread of ebola, it can save more lives than anything else we can do. together, we can eradicate extreme poverty and erase barriers to opportunity, but this requires a sustained commitment to our people. so farmers can feed more
people, so entrepreneurs can start a business without paying a bribe, so young people have the skills they need to succeed in this modern knowledge-based economy. we can promote growth through trade that meets a higher standard, and that's what we're doing through the trans-pacific partnership, a trade agreement of encompasses nearly 40% the global economy, an agreement that will open markets while protecting the rights of workers and protecting the environment that enables development to be sustained. we can roll back the pollution that we put in our skies and help economies lift people out of poverty without condemning our children to the ravages of an ever-warming climate. the same ingenuity that produced the industrial age and the computer age allows us to harness the potential of clean energy. no country can escape the ravages of climate change.
there's no stronger sign of leadership than putting future generations first. the united states will work with every nation that is willing to do its part so we can come together in paris to decisively confront this challenge. and finally, our vision for the future of this assembly, my belief in moving forward rather than backwards requires us to defend the democratic principles that allow societies to succeed. let me start from a simple premise. catastrophes like what we're seeing in syria do not take place in countries where there is genuine democracy and respect for the universal values this institution is supposed to defend. [applause]
i recognize that democracy is going to take different forms in different parts of the world . the very idea of a people governing themselves depends upon government giving expression to their unique culture, that you are unique history, their unique experiences. but some universal truths are self-evident. no person wants to be imprisoned for peaceful worship . no woman should ever be abused with impunity. or a girl barred from going to school. the freedom to peacefully petition those in power without fear of arbitrary laws, these are not ideas of one country or one culture. they are fundamental to human progress. they are a cornerstone of this
institution. i realize that in many parts of the world, there's a different view, a belief that strong leadership must tolerate no dissent. i hear it not only from america's adversaries but privately i hear it from some of our friends. i disagree. i believe a government that suppresses peaceful dissent is not showing strength, it is showing weakness and it is showing fear. history shows -- [applause] history shows that regimes who fear their own people will eventually crumble. but strong institutions built the consent of the governed endure long after any one
individual is gone. that's why our strongest leaders, from george washington to nelson mandela, have elevated the importance of building strong democratic institutions over a thirst for perpetual power. leaders who amend constitutions to stay in office only acknowledge that if he failed to build a successful country for their people. because none of us last forever. it tells us that power is something they cling to for its own sake rather than for the betterment of those they purport to serve. i understand democracy is frustrating. democracy in the united states is certainly imperfect. at times it can be dysfunctional. but democracy, the constant
struggle to extend rights to more of our people, to give more people a voice, is what allowed us to become the most powerful nation in the world. [applause] it's not simply a matter of principle, it's not an abstraction. democracy, inclusive democracy makes countries stronger. when opposition parties can seek power peacefully through the ballot, the country draws upon new ideas. when a free media can inform the public corruption and abuse are exposed and can be rooted out. when civil society thrives, communities can solve problems that governments cannot necessarily solve alone. when immigrants are welcomed, countries are more productive and more vibrant. when girls can go to school and get a job and pursue unlimited opportunity, that's when a country realizes its full
potential. that is what i believe is america's greatest strength. not everybody in america agrees with me. that's part of democracy. i believe that the fact that you can walk the streets of this city right now and pass churches and synagogues and temples and mosques, where people worship freely, the fact that our nation of immigrants mirrors of diversity of the world, you can find everybody from anywhere here in new york city, the fact that in this country -- [applause] everybody can contribute, everybody can participate no matter who they are or what hey look like or who they love . that's what makes us strong. and i believe that what is true for america is true for
virtually all mature democracies and that is no accident. we can be proud of our nations without defining ourselves in . position to some other group we can be patriotic without demonizing someone else. we can cherish our own identities, our religion, ourest nissity, our traditions -- our ethnicity, our traditions without putting our people down. our notion is that absolute power will corrupt, but that people, ordinary people are fundamentally good, that they value family and friendship, faith and the dignity of hard work and that with appropriate checks and balances, government can reflect this goodness. i believe that's the future we must seek together, to believe
in the dignity of every individual, to believe we can bridge our differences and choose cooperation over conflict. that is not weakness, that is strength. [applause] it is a practical necessity in this interconnected world, and our people understand this. think of the liberian doctor who went door to door to search for ebola cases and to tell families what to do if they show symptoms. think of the iranian shopkeeper who said after the nuclear deal, god willing, now we'll be able to offer many more goods at better prices. think of the americans who lowered the flag over our embassy in havana in 1961, the year i was born, and returned this summer to raise that flag back up. [applause]
one of these men said of the cuban people, we could do things for them and they could do things for us. we love them. we ignored that fact. think of the families leaving everything they've known behind, risking barron deserts nd -- barren deserts and storms just to find shelter, just to save their children. one refugee who was welcomed in hamburg with warm shelter said we feel there are still some eople who love other people. the people of our united nations are not as different as they are told.
they can be made to fear, they can be taught to hate but they . n also respond to hope history is littered with the failure of false prophets and fallen empires who believe that might always makes right and that will continue to be the case. you can count on that. but we are called upon to offer a different type of leadership, leadership strong enough to recognize that nations share common interests and people share a common humanity and, yes, there are certain ideas and principles that are universal. that's what those who shaped the united nations 70 years ago understood. let us carry forward that faith
into the future for it is the only way we can ensure that future will be brighter for my children and for yours. thank you very much. [applause] >> on behalf of the general assembly, i wish to thank the president of the united states of america for his statement just made. may i ask representatives remain seated while we greet the president. >> and president obama's comments happened earlier today at the u.n., of course, and the
speech by russian president vladimir putin, along with the president's, will air tonight after the house finishes its session today right here on c-span. and this from "the hill" for you today. g.o.p. frontrunner donald trump rolled out a tax plan that lowers the tax rate to 29% while totally scraping the estate tax. they would pay a maximum of 15%. that's a steep drop from the corporate rate of 38%. the seven income tax brackets will be collapsed into four brackets of 0%, 20%, 25% while the tax rate on capital gains will see a slight dip to 20%. single filers earning up to $25,000 annually would face no income tax, as would married couples earning up to $50,000 a year. that event can be seen at 8:00 eastern on c-span2. u.s. house will be back in a few moments to get the legislative week under way today. 13 bills on the agenda.
one funding the f.a.a. until march 31 of next year. two others dealing with exemptions to the nation's health care law. and then later in the week, the house may take up an abortion and medicaid payments bill. and a bill to temporarily fund the u.s. government. house coming in right now and then back at 3:00 p.m. eastern for work on these bills. live coverage now to the house. chaplain conroy: let us pray. dear lord, we give you thanks for giving us another day. we come to you as a nation in the midst of significant imminent transition even as important disagreements on policy promise vigorous debate in the days and weeks to come. as people look for causes and solutions, the temptation is great to seek ideological position. we ask that you might send your spirit of peace