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tv   Washington This Week  CSPAN  October 3, 2015 10:26pm-11:01pm EDT

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through our investigation, we will ask questions and get some clarity. i think people should recognize an appropriate path for us to take and a thoughtful regarding really concerning videos that have been released. i have to ask you about the presidential campaign. noticed the current front is diligent woman from new york named donald trump. what if the chance that he's name the republican nominee? it happening. donald trump is a great entertainer. his slogans, make america great, but i amck a chord, very proud of the fact that we have a diverse field. exciting to see
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the republicans we have, senators, governors, private sector. i look at where we are as a party. the republicans want to be the party of the future. we want to be the party that is ,eally embracing new ways challenging the status quo, and addressing outdated models that are not meeting the needs. look at these agencies. look at the veterans administration that is failing our veterans. these are outdated models. i am excited about a party that is not just on the presidential side. now, we haveright the next generation of conservative leadership. we have had two thirds of the republicans in the house elected in the last five years or less. there has been a a lot of turnover, new blood, and there
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are people that ran for office because they are really concerned about the direction evencountry is taking, but more fundamental than that, i think there is a fundamental fear that we are losing our government, representative government. when you see so many decisions being made outside of congress, being made by the administration, the executive branch, or by the judicial branch. you are republican, democrat, or independent, you should believe in the power and decision-making that belongs in the legislative branch. that is what i believe is the number one priority now, to restore trust and confidence in the legislative branch. on behalf of the people of this country's, so that we can do our job and be more effective in the legislative branch, restore the trust on capitol hill. i believed that is the best thing we can do for people all across this country. >> thank you very much.
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i appreciate it. [applause] >> thank you. [applause] ♪ thank you. let me just start with a brief bio for the doctor here. , born inning went, moved to miami florida at the age of three. attended harvard university, yield, nominated for the post and 2013, held up by senate republicans because he refused to recognize the public health benefits of bullets. 2014 -- this past august, he got married. give him a round of applause. >> thank you so much.
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>> dr. murphy has placed emphasis on preventative vaccinations, and he has been promoting walking. did you walk here today? >> great question. i did in fact walk your today. >> you did not? it was raining. >> i had an umbrella. >> that is impressive. i want to start with a grim anniversary. yesterday was the one year anniversary of the first diagnosis in the united states of ebola,, eric duncan. as you look back, if you can talk about things that you , but alsod observed about the way that social panic can take over a population when confronted with a rare infectious disease like ebola.
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through antry went extraordinary challenge with ebola. it was all over the news, panic in cities and towns across america. there was panic across the world. people did not know how far the outbreak was going to spread, how it would impact them, and how long it would take to get it under control. we have learned a great deal over the last year. our hospitals are more prepared, health care professionals are better trained. our lab capacity has expanded beyond what it was at the outbreak one year ago. we haveas important, strengthened our partnership with countries like liberia, and this is one important piece of learning we have taken away from this, a lesson that many more people know now, which is that in 2015 domestic health is global health. what happens in other countries impacts us. we cannot wall ourselves often
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believe that we are going to protect ourselves totally by doing that. pooralize that infrastructure for health another countries has an impact on us. as we come out and recognize the one-year mark from the initial case diagnosed here, we also recognize that there are countries not just in west africa, but around the world, where the infrastructure is poor and crumbling, and which presents a set up for future outbreaks. >> let's talk about your big thing, which is preventative care. one of the big hurdles is that people who tend to be in good health, understand the benefits of doing things that are preventative, whereas the population they could best use those preventative care measures aren't really familiar with them, don't have great access to aboutso how you go reaching different populations they could use that knowledge. >> prevention and health equity are my two priorities as surgeon general.
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a country that is as good as preventing disease as treating it. i also want everyone to have a fair shot a good health. there are too many people who do not have access to the information they need to stay healthy. even if they do what to do, they don't have access to the tools to do it. a call toreleased action on walking in walkable communities, 20 minutes of brisk activity a day can reduce your risk of heart disease and diabetes. walking is a simple tool that almost everyone has access to. we are also pointing out the fact that not all communities in america are walkable. when you look at communities of color in particular, folks tend to live in neighborhoods which don't have adequate sidewalks. you mean work with the cities to help make sidewalks more walkable, things like that? >> if you want to build a , which is prevention
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my goal, we have to engage all sectors. if you want to make america walkable -- >> getting and persuading someone to get screening is another. you have to get them into a hospital to see a dr. p you need to let them know that that is actually something that is covered under the affordable care act or something like that. how do you provide that education service? >> by empowering leaders and communities to share information. underestimateo the power that community organizations have. you have to change infrastructure. one thing that we have seen in pockets around the country is ,hat when local governments parental organizations, schools, come together, they can change things on the ground. , they have 50% of residents who live below the federal poverty line. they made a decision to invest
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in making their communities more andable, two and half years lighting, sidewalks, and crosswalks. afterwards, 95% of residents had increased how much they walk. they cited changes in walkable spaces and lighting as the reason for that. about thing i would argue is the issue of sleep. huge deprivation is a problem appeared one, how many hours per night. a half toge six and seven and a half hours per night. >> not enough. there needs to be a massive social shift to get people to rest earlier and sleep more. do you feel like that is part of your mission as well? >> yes. health is deeply intertwined with culture, what we eat, how active are, how much we sleep.
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when i was training in medicine, there was a culture in medicine that strong people did not need sleep. the less you slept, the more you powered through a tough night, the stronger you were. that is not helpful to have a culture that supports unhealthy practices. we are talking about shifting culture. >> especially with the drowsy driving as a huge problem. in training, there were studies that looked at the impact of sleep deprivation on medical errors, and they found out that when they were sleep deprived, they made more mistakes. >> e-cigarettes? more complicated, a massive ride -- rise in usage among teenagers. how worried are you? , because we have seen a rapid rise among kids,
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and while some people have raised the point that we need more data on these cigarettes, and we do. we need more data so that we can answer questions about whether e-cigarettes can be useful or not when it comes to cessation there isttes come but broad agreement in the community that there is no reason that children should be smoking e-cigarettes, and we have more kids smoking e-cigarettes, which are a tobacco product, then we have ever had before. >> on the topic of smoking, medical marijuana. have said what i would consider to be generally supportive things. i believe you have said that you want the fda to study it more before you can come to that determination. you want to make news today and talk more about it, maybe endorse it? >> i'm happy to say exactly what i think.
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what you say to those people who are -- could actually have medical benefits from its use, who are waiting for its legalization? and your first statement, i appreciate you trying to reiterate my points. you are 99% there. -- 1.i wantmake is -- one point i want to have dataat we do not that shows marijuana alleviates conditions. in order to be approved, there are standards that we prove. metcal marijuana has not those standards.
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that is why it is not approved as a therapeutic right now. switching towards politics. >> marijuana was not political enough for you? >> it shouldn't be. >> are you watching the debates? >> yes. >> donald trump has said vaccines cause autism. other candidates have said that we should at least let parents space out the shots. room should we give parents the chance to space out shots. ? ? >> there is no link between the measles vaccine and autism. that isfortunate that coming up from time to time. it is based on a study that was
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debunked. vaccine,f the measles we have saved lives all over the world. many parents ask if they should space out shots or are they all really necessary. the schedule is based on study, experience, and data. -- has beene is proven to be safest for children. if any parent has a question about how their kids react or if they are given too many shots, i encourage them to speak to their individual doctor. every child is unique. that said, the schedule is there because it has been studied and a proven -- and proven for all cases. [applause] >> does it frustrate you are concerned you that the question is even being posed to begin with. in a way, it adds almost a legitimacy that this is debatable. >> here is why i think it is
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important to talk about these things. one, to emphasize the point that this is not debatable and the scientific community. they are safe and effective. your reasoning brings up another point, which is that in order to really get the message out, we need more than doctors and nurses and reporters talking about this. we need people in communities, parents, teachers, individuals, health-care providers, talking to their friends and neighbors. we know that people take what their friends and say it very seriously on this issue. while a lot of folks have access to data -- a my question is -- this is 30 million person watch debate -- by debating it in that context, aren't we risking people getting the impression that this is not a settled question? >> what is harmful is making statements about a link between the measles vaccine and autism
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and large public settings. it makes people think that the science is not settled. that is not the case. we are havingate is over funding for planned parenthood. if congress were to remove funding and give it to committee health care centers, which is what traditional republicans do want to do, what would be the public health care consequences? women that imany have cared for when i was practicing medicine in boston who rely on planned parenthood for import and services. is important when we are making policy decisions is try to take it out of the realm of ideology and put it back in the realm of science and health. look at planned parenthood as a primary source of health care services. women getis that many
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basic health care and preventative care from planned parenthood. >> if they were crippled in their mission because they lacked federal funding, would it have public health care consequences on that primary care function? >> for the many women out there who look to planned parenthood for basic care, i think it would be challenging for them. oni put this question twitter and tried to solicit questions, the biggest question i got was what you think will be some of the biggest public health care challenges facilitated by health care -- climate change question mark have you thought about it? rephrase your question one more time. >> people are concerned that climate change will cause disruption. they are concerned that as part of that there will be massive public health care challenges. as you look towards the future and study this stuff, which you
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see as some of the biggest ones we will have to deal with? did i phrase it better there? >> good job. climate change has a number of potential health impacts. see climate change is associated with higher temperatures. higher temperatures have an andct on lung disease extreme weather events, and extreme weather events, hurricane katrina, isaac, or other disasters, have had health care tolls. some of them we can see, injuries, hospitalization. some of them we can't see, mental trauma here it what i am also concerned about is the quality of our air. that has a direct impact on people's respiratory health. i've cared for many patients, younger and older, who died from a severe asthma attack. i know how horrible it can be for people who have it and their families. it stands a chance of worsening
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our ability to deal with asthma when too many people already suffer from it. initial tenat your ure was defined by your confirmation battle. can you tell us what it is like to be in the middle of that? can you tell us about the toll it takes on a persons life to do a year-long confirmation? people choose to go to the confirmation. to the processd of serving, but it can be challenging. it was challenging in a number of ways. a couple of things that made me realize was, who your friends are. family, andife,
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close friends became an incredible sources of support during that time. i will always remember that for the rest of my life. the other thing it taught me is to find and hold on to my truth. totimes when it is easy change a statement, whitewash and issue a comment, you are faced with the decision about staying true to who you are or taking a different path. what i found is that once you lose your integrity, then you have nothing here it -- nothing. that process taught me to stick to my beliefs. [applause] i was going to ask you to applaud our guest, but you have already done that. thank you. >> thank you so much. ♪ the president discusses economic growth and gives his reaction to a potential government shutdown in december.
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senator of wyoming gives the republican response. he talks about the cost of federal regulations. president obama: hi, everybody. yesterday, we learned our businesses created 118,000 jobs in september. that makes 67 straight months of job creation and 13.2 million new jobs in all. we would be doing even better if we didn't have to keep dealing with crises in congress every few months. at a time when the global economy is softening, our own growth could slow if congress doesn't do away with harmful austerity measures. on wednesday, more than half of republicans in congress voted to shut down the government for the second time in two years. fortunately, there were enough votes in both parties to pass a last-minute bill to keep the government open for another 10 weeks. unfortunately, the gimmick only sets up another shutdown threat two weeks before christmas.
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look that is not the way america , should operate. it just kicks the can down the road without solving any problems or doing long-term planning for the future. that is why i will not sign another short-term spending bill like the one congress sent me this week. here is why. a few years ago, both parties agreed to put in place what proved to be harmful automatic cuts that make no distinction between spending we don't need and spending we do. those cuts kept our economy from growing faster. even worse, they are undermining the middle class. there is one example. if we don't undo these cuts, next year, we will be funding our kids education at the same levels per pupil that we did in the year 2000. compared to my budget, that would be like cutting federal funding for 4500 schools. 17,500 teachers and aides. 1.9 million students. that is not good for our kids
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or for our economy. it's a prescription for american decline, and it shouldn't happen. which invest in things like education today, or we are going to pay the price tomorrow. congress should stop kicking the can down the road and pass a serious budget. a serious budget is one that keeps america strong through our military and law enforcement, that keeps america generous by caring for our veterans and seniors, that keeps america competitive by educating kids and workers. that is why i want to work with serious people in both parties, because that is how we will build on the progress of 13 million new jobs and help the middle class get ahead. thanks, everybody, and have a great weekend. senator barrasso hi, i'm dr. john barrasso. let me tell you a story about a family in my home state. andy johnson is 32. he works as a welder. he and his wife katie have four kids. they live in the country.
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they have a few cows and horses. two years ago, they want to do -- wanted to build a small pond in their front yard. they got their plan approved by the state, and they use the pond to provide water for their animals. they thought it was a beautiful addition to the dry landscape. birdsnd attracts other and animals. everything was fine until the johnsons got a visit from the united states environmental protection agency. even though the state of wyoming had approved the pond, the federal government had not. the johnsons now face fines of more than $37,000 every day until they remove the pond. this is what has happened to government in america. it has gotten so aggressive, so inflexible, and so unyielding, and seemingly for so little purpose, and it's going to get worse. the obama administration is seizing new authority to control what it calls waters of the united states. this includes things like
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irrigation ditches, isolated ponds even low points in the , landscape where water might collect after heavy rain. the consequences of this federal authority will be severe. local land-use decisions will be driven by washington bureaucrats and this water rule is one of , thousands of regulations washington is churning out. in the final 15 months of the obama administration, washington bureaucrats are working overtime to finalize new rules on everything from prairie puddles to power plants. just this week, the white house released an ozone rule that will increase electricity costs and decrease reliability. in this administration's race to control more of what americans do every day it has lost all , perspective. the rules are based on ideology rather than practicality. the result is an explosion of expensive regulations and federal requirements on hard-working families.
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washington's assault on andy johnson in wyoming could be repeated across the country. the obama administration issued more than 2500 new regulations in the past six years. complying with these regulations is expected to cost the economy a staggering $680 billion. people will be forced to spend millions of hours filling out the paperwork. you might ask, " what do americans get for this time and money?" one of epa's rules on power plants would cost as much as $2400 for every one dollar in direct benefits. this imbalance is a big reason 's wages have been stagnant since president obama took office. the cost of these regulations are real. they are significant to our economy, to good paying jobs, and the ability of americans to live freely. that is why republicans are fighting so hard. the white house's cynical
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response is only polluters would oppose these rules. i am fortunate to live in wyoming, one of the most beautiful, christine places in the world. we protect our open spaces. at the same time, the country benefits from our responsible and reliable production of american energy. we've proven you can have both. the obama administration long ago left this reasonable objective in the dust. what the administration won't tell you is both republicans and democrats in congress oppose many of these regulations, including the new rules on waters of the united states. senators joe donnelly and joe manchin, all democrats, joined us to change these regulations. yet commonsense changes to this rulemaking are being blocked by the president and liberal democrat leaders in congress. even the courts have dealt the obama administration serious setbacks to its regulatory rampage.
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but by the time's the courts act, the damage is done. those jobs are gone and , communities suffer. the head of the epa bragged that it didn't matter if the obama administration lost in court. the rules had already been in effect for three years. that's outrageous. meanwhile the fines against andy , johnson continued to pile up and could exceed $16 million. his family can't afford to fight anymore, and just like the johnsons in wyoming, the american people can't afford the overreach and onslaught of new regulations. this fall, republicans will put legislation on the president's desk to rein in runaway regulations. he will have to choose between big government and hard-working americans. we have already made our choice. thanks for listening. ♪
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>> the supreme court is scheduled to begin its new term on monday. a poll wasis year, they conducted on the impacts of its decisions. you can see that some are more relevant to americans than others. roe v wade at the top. it goes on from there. here to talk more about supreme court decisions in the upcoming series, landmark cases, is mark. tell us more about this series. mark: all of our history series need to lend currency to current programming. the role the court has been playing since it began, i think this poll really shows that the
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supreme court is relevant. it is encouraging for us in this series we're doing, taking a look at 12 decisions over time that really have currency today. eight of those the sessions are listed in that poll. court doesat the play a role in society, and the genesis of this was when ruth bader ginsburg was talking at the constitution center, our partners in this, and she was talking to them about a case that is not on our list, but the point was that she said there are two people involved in this case. what the court ought to be taking a look at and what americans ought to be looking at is not only the decisions, but the people involved in these cases. we wanted to take a look at not only historic decisions, but the people involved in it, the personal stories, the people who cared enough to take the case to the supreme court. >> when will the series air?
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more background about how these cases were chosen. series beginsart monday, october 5, as the court comes in for its new session. on c-span andght c-span3, 90 minute programs taking a look at these 12 cases. background on how these cases were chosen? how did you go about making these choices? mark: it was an interesting exercise. the supreme court has been meeting since 1790. we were trying to figure out how many cases they have decided, probably over 20,000. we had to narrow it down to 12. you could have a parlor game over it because we came up with 12 along with our partners. we talked to constitutional
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scholars, legal scholars, on both the left and right to come up with this list. it was tough. of greate a lot decisions that are not on this list. this is a good mix of different commitments to the constitution, personal stories. sometimes these are cases where the court got it right and set a precedent that has followed through until today. some of these cases, dred scott, are cases where history has adjudged that the court got it wrong. >> the supreme court kicks off its new term on monday. you will beh cases featuring monday night when the series begins and why. madison,bury versus the foundation chief justice roberts, ginsburg, and a lot that justices site today, one of the most often cited cases.
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court as thes the ultimate arbiter of the constitution, judicial review, which is still being debated today, whether the court is stepping into much. on that a debate going shows there is relevance on whether the court should be deciding issues like gay marriage. marbury versus madison establishes that. case thatve a great shows the personal stories behind these cases. there is a battle going on between john adams, thomas jefferson, and john marshall behind the scenes that is really the story of this case. really impersonal stories that are engaging and illuminating of the time. >> landmark cases executive producer, we appreciate it. >> thank you, greta.
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former naval meteorologist talks about the impact of climate change on security and policy. then some of the speakers at this weeks washington ideas form, including al gore and mike lee. was

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