tv Road to the White House CSPAN October 12, 2015 1:00am-2:01am EDT
prime minister's questions will be on wednesday and again on sunday at 9:00 p.m. eastern and pacific. c-span.orgytime on where you can find video of past prime minister's questions and other british public affairs programs. newhis monday on c-span's series "landmark cases," dredd scott was enslaved to a surgeon named emerson. emerson was assigned to duties in free states where scott married. greatest outcry to buy his freedom from emerson's -- dredd tried to buy his freedom from emerson's widow but she refused and they soon. -- sued.
thisa jones will explore ruling. monday atases, lies monday at 9:00ve p.m. eastern. we will be taking facebook posts and tweets during the program. for background on each case, order your copy of the companion book. a dollarslable for $.95 plus shipping at c-span.org/landmark cases. at$18.95 plus shipping c-span.org/landmark cases. >> live coverage from the no inels problem solvers manchester. speakers include a republican and democratic candidates
talking about uniting the country, job creation, balancing the budget, securing social security, and medical care. we are live with john kasich as you speaks at a town hall former and on wednesday florida governor jeb bush will be at a town hall meeting encountered -- in concorde. road to the white house on c-span and c-span.org. >> what democratic presidential candidates bernie sanders and hillary clinton at the congressional hispanic caucus. and then, a forum on improving mental health treatment in the u.s. >> democratic presidential candidate bernie sanders of vermont spoke to the congressional hispanic caucus on wednesday. he talked about an economy for
the middle class and campaign finance. this is about 45 minutes. [applause] mr. sanders: thank you. let me thank congresswoman grisham for that warm introduction. i also want to thank congresswoman linda sanchez and for hostings staff me here today, and thank all of you very much for being here. reason i am running for president is that this country faces some enormously serious problems. one could argue that if you
include the crisis regarding climate change, there are more serious problems today than in any time since the great depression. and i know that much of the media thinks of politics as how much money you raise or what you're spending is, or what kind of dumb thing you said last understandall of you that politics is in fact about the future of our country, what happens to tens and tens and tens of millions of people, many of whom are hurting today. what i hope all of you understand, and i know you do or you would not be here tonight, you would not be participating in the political process, is that if we do not bring people together, if we do not engage people in serious discussion, if we do not significantly increase
the voter turnout, not good things will happen to our country. so what i ask of all of you is to engage in that debate, make sure that we have one of the highest voter turnouts in the world, not one of the lowest voter turnouts, and that we in fact start addressing some of the real problems facing our country. what i want to do today is touch on a few of those issues. the first one i want to touch on is the need for real immigration reform. i also want to talk about the stain of racism which has existed in this country and in the world for god knows how many years, and i want to talk about the economic reality which faces our country, and that is we have a middle-class which for the last 40 years has been
disappearing, and we have massive levels of income and wealth inequality that we have got to address. knows, we have lived stain of racism on all of human existence. aboutown case, i know racism and what it means. my father lost much of his family in europe as a result of the holocaust. he came to this country at the age of 17 not speaking a word of english. the first point we have to make is a commitment to end institutional racism in this country. [applause]
let me just say this, there can be disagreement among honest people about immigration reform. i will tell you in a moment with my view is. ist is not acceptable demagoguery. what is not acceptable is attempting to define one group rapists and criminals. that is not the kind of debate and discussion we need in america today. that is racism. that is unacceptable. that's got to be in. -- to be rejected. [applause] one of the great strengths of werica, people don't realize
are a nation of many people of many colors, backgrounds, of many languages. in my view, that makes us a stronger nation, not a weaker nation. this is something we should be proud of. my dad came from poland. many of your parents came from other countries. aen we stand together as people, and we bring our different cultures together, we create a nation of extraordinary capabilities which becomes stronger because of our diversity, something we should be proud of. [applause] as i mentioned, my father came
from portland without a nickel in his pocket -- poland without a nickel in his pocket. he never made a lot of money. i grew up in a rent-controlled apartment in brooklyn, new york. her mother's dream was someday she would be able to own her own house. she died young, never achieve that dream. my dad was the proudest american you could ever see, because he understood the opportunities this great country gave him and his family. the fact a very poor young man from flint could see his kids go ofcollege was something enormous consequence for our family. know, we have 11
million people in this country who are undocumented. countryhom came to this to improve their lives, to escape repression, to flee poverty and violence. let us be frank about an issue we don't talk about enough, that is that today's undocumented workers play an important role in our economy. without these workers, it is likely much of our agricultural system would collapse. the simple reality. [applause] today undocumented workers are doing the extremely difficult crops, harvesting our
building our homes, cooking our meals, and caring for our children. in fact, they are part of the fabric of america. let me just take a moment to tell you a story about my with undocumented workers. 2007, i learned about the exploitation in florida. anybody from florida? have you heard of immokalee, florida? that is a town where a lot of the tomatoes are grown. low-grade tomatoes used in mcdonald's and and burger king. the people who harvest to those
crops are undocumented by and large. arrived, the day i came to immokalee, florida, the u.s. attorney was announcing an contractorsf some who employed people who worked in the field, on the grounds of slavery. this was the year 2007. people were being held in involuntary servitude by some contractors on the tomato fields. in immokalee, i saw the conditions in the exploitation undocumented workers lived under. they worked very long and irregular hours for very low wages.
housing was abysmal. lives andy of their why they were able to be exploited was they could not stand up for their rights because they had no legal status. that is the simple factor. this story has a somewhat happy ending. we were able to hold a hearing on this issue when ted kennedy was chairman of the committee. we worked together. , a lot of people doing great work, we ended up improving wages and working conditions. people who aren in this country, they remain and are having and
struggling to adequately feed their families. they came to this country to escape gang violence and desperate economic conditions. also be clear on raising an issue that is not talked about very much. that is when people come across the border, they know there are .mployers who will hire them if anyone thinks employers throughout this country do not know the workers they are hiring and in many cases exploiting are undocumented, you don't know the history of america for the last 50 years. [applause] so where do we go from here? the 2013ed
comprehensive immigration reform legislation in the u.s. senate. complicated piece and it is aon, piece of legislation that can and must be improved, i believe it provided a responsible path to citizenship so individuals could in fact come out of the shadows and people can walk the streets with safety. people can hold their heads high . people can have the protection of the law and participate fully and without fear in american society. you a story, i was in phoenix a couple of months ago. after i spoke, a number of young latino kids came up and we
chatted. there were tears coming down their eyes, their cheeks, as they talked about their fear of being deported or of having their parents deported. that is not the kind of existence, the kind of fear we want millions of americans, people in this country, to experience. that is why we must pass comprehensive immigration reform. [applause] as many of you know, the senate bill attempted to accomplish this important goal. overdueew, the time is for many of my republican
colleagues to end the demagoguery and take up serious immigration reform. [applause] the senate bill contained the provisions of the dream act, which i strongly support. it is my believe we should recognize the young men and women who comprise the dreamers for what they are. they are american kids who deserve the right to be in the country they know as home. [applause] that is not to say i do not have significant criticisms of this long and complicated piece of legislation. i believe the pathway to citizenship was unnecessarily linked to border security
triggers, measures that many believe were put in place so the path to citizenship would be for theor even denied millions of undocumented individuals here and i want to change those provisions. i also believe the penalties and fines in the bill would be an instrument for low income people , preventing them from accessing that path to legal residency and eventual citizenship. to be meaningful, a pathway to citizenship needs to be achievable for the millions of workers at the lower ends of the economic ladder. [applause]
these and other barriers in the bill, including the time it decade,ften more than a makes it a flawed piece of legislation which needs significant improvement. in fairness, in a bipartisan way, at least the senate did something. the time is long overdue for the house to act. [applause] now until we can pass comprehensive immigration reform, and i hope that is sooner than later, we must be aggressive in pursuing policies that are humane and sensible and that keep families together. this includes taking measures that are currently available including using the presidential
when it executive order is appropriate. while the senate passed to the dream act, in its immigration bill, and while the house has not acted, president obama did exactly the right thing, through his executive order, for deferred action for childhood arrivals. [applause] deferred action for parents of americans and lawful residence were good first steps, but should be expanded. should include of dreamers. we should pursue policies that unite families, not tear them apart.
obviously the latino community is deeply concerned about the immigration issue, concerned about issues of racism. it like every other group in america, the latino community may be more than most is deeply concerned about the state of the american economic and political system. let me take a few moments to touch upon that. the economic reality of america yes, we are doing better than we did seven years ago when president bush left office and when we were losing 800,000 jobs a month, when the financial system was on the verge of collapse and we were
running up the largest deficit in american history. we are better off today than we were then. but, we should also years,ze for the last 40 40 years, the great middle class of this country, once the envy of the entire world, has been disappearing. since theccelerated wall street crash of 2008. and while millions of americans working longer hours for low wages, and while youth unemployment is outrageously young peoplele can't afford to go to college, and while we have the highest rate of childhood poverty of any major country on earth, there is
another economic reality that is taking place which needs discussion. that is that the wealthiest people in this country and the largest corporations are doing phenomenally well and almost all of the new income and wealth being created are going to the top 1%. that is a fact. uneasy talkinget about it. it is an issue that has to be put on the table. we need to create an economy that works for all of us. works for seniors, for the children, for working families and not just an economy that works for the top 1%. [applause]
at a time when millions of orricans are working two three jobs, to bring in enough income, it is not acceptable that latinos make up more than 16% of our population, but have nation's of the wealth. it is not acceptable youth unemployment in this country has proportions.c i want to say a word on that rarely this is too discussed. i asked some economists to do a study. the study is, tell me the real rate of youth unemployment and underemployment in america is. this is what they reported back. if you are a high school graduate, not a dropout, high
school graduate between the ages white,nd 20, if you are unemployment is 33%. if you are hispanic, unemployment is 36%. if you are african-american, 51%.loyment is what this means is we have millions of young people in this country, people who want to leave their homes, start a career, make some money. become adults. job andthey have no they have no education. thinksody in this room it is a coincidence when we have
five and a half million young people not in school and are not working, while missing time we have more people in jail than any other country on earth, if you think that is a coincidence, you would be mistaken. in my view, it makes a lot more education,vest in invest in jobs, rather than in jail and incarceration. [applause] this is a huge issue. by the way, i want to applaud the president for yesterday announcing that thousands of people in jail for nonviolent crimes will be released. that is exactly the right thing to do.
together we must end this dubious distinction of the united states having more people in jail than any other country and we must move to the distinction of having the best educated population on earth. [applause] as part of that issue, of criminal justice reform, i have introduced legislation to eliminate privately run jails and immigration detention centers. and when you do that, you are ending the quota for detaining undocumented immigrants.
corporations should not be making profits on the incarceration of people in this country. when we talk about our economy, and where it is today, it is first of all the grotesque level .f income inequality today in america the top 1/10 of 1% has almost as much wealth as the bottom 90%. got that? almost as much as the bottom 90%. today with people working long hours, 50 hours a week, 58% of is going to the
top 1%. in the last two years in america, the 14th wealthiest people in this country saw their by $156 billion. that wealth increased in two years. more than the bottom 130 million americans. wow is the right response. [laughter] it is more than wow. it is a moral. it is unsustainable. we have got to change that. [applause] essentially what we have now is a rigged economy which says
heads they win, tails you lose. we need an economy and we can build an economy which works for the middle class and that is exactly what together we have got to do. when we talk about the economy, it is not just the grotesque level of income inequality that has to change. it is also the reality that if you have millions of people working two or three jobs. i talked to aand guy who works for a church group at a farmers market. notecting the food that was sold in taking it to an emergency food shelter. asked, what percentage of the folks who go to that food shelf are working? 90%.nswer was
in other words, all over this country, you've got millions of , bute working really hard they are not earning enough money to adequately feed their kids. at the root cause of that problem, we have a federal an hour.age of $7.25 you can do the arithmetic as well as i can. seven and a quarter by 40 hours a week, 52 weeks a year, what you will find is that wage is totally inadequate for anybody to survive with a shred of dignity. in my view, when you have a minimum wage which is a starvation wage, we've got to raise the minimum wage to a an hourage that is $15
over the next few years. [applause] and by the way, while everybody benefit,ountry would 60% of latino workers would get a raise under this proposal. when we talk about the future of our country, we have to live in athat we highly competitive, global economy. and if we are going to do well now and in the future, we need to have the best educated workforce that we can. makes noegard, it have to me that today we hundreds of thousands of the bright young people who are
qualified to go to college, but can't go to college for one reason and one reason alone -- that is their families lack the money. that is absurd. first of all it is unfair to those young people to say to neveryou are probably going to make it into the middle class. you are not going to become an engineer or a doctor, a teacher, whatever. your family lacks the money to get you a higher education. it is also absurd for our country which needs the best to develop, the best intellectual capital that we can. that is why i have introduced legislation and would fight to make happen as president that
every public college and university in this country be tuition free. [applause] the reason why that is a big helpis obviously it will so many working class and middle class families, and it does something else. it tells children in the fourth , to payt to give up attention to their school work, to do their homework because it says any child in america, regardless of his or her income, will be able to get a higher education. that is a big deal. [applause] there is another issue of
enormous consequence to this country and touches on every other issue. oft is the fact as a result the disaster in citizens united , ourme court decision campaign finance system has become corrupt. i use that word advisedly. american democracy is undermined. me thatt acceptable to we have a campaign finance system which allows millionaires and billionaires to contribute as much money as they want into the political process in order to elect candidates whose job in life it is to represent the wealthy and the powerful. the you have one family,
with 85 billion dollars. when this one extreme right-wing family will be spending some $900 million in this campaign cycle, which is more money than the democratic or republican spending, when you have one family out spending either of the major political parties in this country, my friends, you are not talking about democracy, you are talking about oligarchy. that has got to change. when we talk about election reform, a trust that all that you know and i don't need to be
overly cognizant that i have to be. in this country today, in is alican states, there very concerted effort to suppress the vote. harder and harder for people of color, low income , tole, older people participate in the political process, and they do it under the guise of protecting states from voter fraud. voter fraud is a serious issue. fortunately, it hardly exist in america. [applause] knows what the intention is of those voter suppression efforts. what republican governors and legislators are saying is, we don't want a fair election. we want to do everything that we can to prevent people whose
views are different than ours to participate in the political process. i have run for office many times in vermont. have one, sometimes i have lost. it has never occurred to me to figure out a way to design people -- deny people who disagree with me the right to vote. what we need is federal legislation that makes it clear that any person in this country who is 18 years of age has the right to vote, discussion ended. [applause] when we talk about where we need to go as a nation, we have a lot to be proud of in america, but that we have also some very
serious problems. let me give you a few examples. the united states of america is the only major country on earth -- the only 1 -- that does not guarantee paid family and medical leave. what that means is that there are women today who are giving -- if those moms in that family has sufficient incomes, mom and may be debt will be able to stand home with the baby, get to love the baby and know that they be that babies deserve. but if that mother is low income likelihoodclass, the is that one week or two weeks after she gives birth, she will have to go back to work in order
to earn income to take care of her family. you hear a whole lot in this country about family values. separating a mother from a newborn baby because she lacks the income to stay home is not a family value, it is the opposite of a family value. [applause] now, in my view, we have made progress in this country against tremendous ideological oppositions in increasing the number of people who have health insurance, and we did that through the affordable care act. we should be proud of what we have accomplished. those of you who are young, under 26, can stay on your insurance policies.
as some of you or your parents have pre-existing conditions, we have entered the obscenity of insurance companies and saying, oh, you had cancer five years ago, we are not going to ensure you for cancer. we have ended that obscenity. we have also provided insurance for some 15 million americans who previously lacked health insurance. all of that is very significant. what we have not done, and i hope all of you know that, is we have not ended the embarrassment of being the only major country on earth -- the only one -- that does not guarantee health care to all people as of right. today, we have 29 million people with zero health insurance, and many more who are underinsured with high premiums and high
deductibles. as somebody who believes that health care is a right, not a privilege. in that we should move toward a medicare for all single-payer programs. [applause] let me conclude my remarks by asking two favors of you. not for me, before our country. you,r one, when folks tell when your friends tell you, why are you wasting your time going to meetings where they are discussing all these boring issues like immigration or jobs or health care or climate change , why are you wasting your time when you can be out partying? [laughter] that when the
second wealthiest family in this country is spending $900 million on this campaign, you tell them verypolitics is in fact important. who we elect as president, who controls the house, who controls the senate, who controls the country is of enormous consequence to their lives, to their parents lives, and to their children's lives. is dost request of you everything that you can to engage people to get involved in the political process. [applause] we had an election last november. 63% of the american people did
not vote. 80% of young people did not vote. when ordinary people lie the tens of millions do not vote, trust me that void is filled by very wealthy and powerful special interests. whocampaign donors absolutely do not want you to vote. they want you to think that politics is a joke, not worth your time. they think it is important so that we can give taxpayers to billionaires and millionaires, so that we can have trade policies which shut down plants in america and move them abroad -- they think politics is thattant but if you think it is important that we create millions of decent paying jobs in this country, that we provide health care to all of our people, that we address the
planetary crisis of climate andge, that we end sexism racism in this country, if you think those issues are important, then you better get involved very deeply in the political process because we need you. [applause] the second point i want to make today in that you live the wealthiest country in the history of the world, today. america is the wealthiest country in the history of the world. all have gotat we to think big, not small. do not get caught up in these debates that they place here on capitol hill about
whether we cut education by 2%, whether we raise it by 1%. that is thinking small. yourselves,o ask why is it that in the wealthiest country in the history of the rate we have the highest of childhood poverty of any major country on earth? why is that? it that in the wealthiest country in the history of the well, we are the only major country that does not guarantee health care to all people as a , or have paid family and medical leave? -- majore the country country -- that has more income and wealth disparity than any other major country? it that in germany and many other countries, their young people can go to college
and graduate school and medical school tuition-free while in america, hundreds of thousands of families cannot afford to send their kids to college, while others by and millions graduate school deeply, deeply in debt. why is that? in my view, when we think about these issues, it comes down to the reality that we have a small number of people, people in the billionaire class, whose greed has no end. they want it all. they want all of the economic benefits of our society. they wanted to control the political life of our society. people mistake, these are enormously, enormously powerful. politicians of both
political parties. they control much of our media. in my view, the future of why the or not we have an economy that works for all of us rather than just the top 1%, is to bring about what i call a political revolution. means is that all of us become engaged in the political process. , thatll of our demands the next president of the united states and a congress start representing the vast majority of our people and not just the wealthiest people in this country. [applause] with that, i welcome many of you
to the political revolution and thank you all very much for hearing me out. thank you. [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] >> democratic presidential candidate hillary clinton attended a dialogue on thursday. she presented an award to jose andres for his humanitarian efforts. she also had some criticism for republican candidates for their remarks on immigration policy. this is about 10 minutes.
mrs. clinton: thank you all. good evening, everyone. what a great event. it is so wonderful to be here with friends, supporting a terrific work of the congressional hispanic caucus institute. i just met some of the fellows and interns. all is well with that next generation. they are so impressive. that is what you are doing here at the institute, helping to raise the next generation of latino leaders. that is important for future leaders and more important for our country. because the united states needs, let em stress that, we need the contributions of latinos in every capacity. [applause] hillary clinton: as political leaders, business leaders, educators, innovators, and community leaders. latinos make america stronger. you make america smarter. you make america more creative
and innovative. and of course, so many aspects of our culture, our food, our music, arts, sports, have been transformed by latinos for the better. now this might seem like the most obvious thing to say in the world, but as you know too well, many people in our own country don't see how vital latinos are to the united states and our future. [applause] hillary clinton: they don't see that latinos are not strangers. you are not intruders. you are our neighbors, our colleagues, our families. and that gap, that mismatch between who latinos are and who some people say you are, that is a problem. it is a problem when a leading republican candidate for president says that immigrants from new mexico are rapists and drug dealers. [booing]
hillary clinton: it is a problem when candidates use offensive terms like anchor babies, or even talk about changing the constitution to take citizenship away from those who were born here. we need people who will stand up to this ugly rhetoric and extreme thinking. [applause] hillary clinton: who will say with our words and our actions, enough, end this. tonight, i am introducing somebody who is just like that. a wonderful man that i have had the privilege of knowing, chef jose andres. [applause] hillary clinton: i have known jose for a number of years.
he is as you know, an incredibly talented chef. his food is delicious. his restaurants are gorgeous. what a lot of people don't know is jose is also a humanitarian. he is constantly searching for ways to use his expertise with food and kitchen to make life better for people around the world. so when the earthquake hit haiti, he went down there with my husband to see how he could help. and he created an organization called the world central kitchen, to feed people dealing with humanitarian crises worldwide. and at the state department, when i started a new cultural culinary diplomacy project, i reached out to jose. you see, we had this idea that people from different cultures could learn a lot from each other through the simple act of sharing a meal and bringing people together around the kitchen table to eat delicious food and enjoy each other's
company. that is basically jose's mission in life. so he helped us get that program off the ground. he and i also worked together on the global alliance for clean cook stoves, to help millions of families around the world cook their food, not on the open fires that fill lungs with toxic smoke, but on clean stoves. this is a man who cooks on the most elegant stoves, but he feels a real solidarity with the mothers and grandmothers in remote villages who collect firewood for hours every day and cook over open fires. even though it makes them sick.
because that is the only way they can feed their families. jose believes, not just as a chef but a human being, he has a responsibility to try to help solve problems like these. that is one of the reasons i deeply admire him. that, and his margaritas. [laughter] hillary clinton: so i am personally grateful to jose for his generosity and his friendship, but most of all, i am grateful or his courage in standing up to hateful, anti-immigrant rhetoric. [applause] hillary clinton: he is an immigrant too, as you know. and he reminds us that we should always stand up for what is right no matter the odds. i'm proud to stand with him in this fight. ladies and gentlemen, it is my great honor to welcome to the stage the recipient of the 2015 chci chair's award, jose andres. [applause]
bridge with the statue of liberty and ellis island on my left and the beautiful american flag. that day i said, i want to be part of that dream. i want to be part of america. when i finished my military service, i came. i have three amazing daughters, a great wife. and i can tell you right now that i call myself a proud american citizen. [applause] jose: but i know you don't forget, and i can tell you we never forget, i am an immigrant. i know where i come from but i know where i belong. i belong to america. i love what our constitution says, we the people. i am going to guarantee you we the people means every single
human being that is living in this beautiful country. let's make sure that everybody will have the same opportunity that i got. god bless you and god bless america. i hope i will work hard to deserve this award. muchos gracias, buenas noches, we love you. [applause] ♪ [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2014] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] our wrote to the white house coverage of presidential candidates continues from new hampshire. speakers include eight republican and democratic presidential candidate talking about issues of uniting the job creation, securing social security and medicare, and making america energy secure. 12:30, we're alive with john kasich as he speaks at a town hall meeting. on wednesday, live at 7:00 p.m.
eastern, jeb bush will begin a town hall in concorde. 2016 taking you on the road to the white house on in 1830,: this monday, dread scott was in the flip -- was enslaved. to duties ined several free states, during which he married harriet robinson. mr. scott tried to buy his family's freedom from the window but she refused and he sued. following the case of scott versus samford, in "landmark c ases." guest, a lawial professor christopher bracy and marcia jones. we will explore the historic