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tv   Steamboat Institute Freedom Conference Discussion on Regulations and...  CSPAN  October 15, 2015 8:00pm-9:14pm EDT

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bridges, our transit and make sure that we need those needs. host: >> part of this use steamboat freedom conference with ceos discussing federal taxes and regulations. later, peter wallace and on because of the 2008 -- on the cause of the 2008 financial crisis. when president obama announced today, we asked for your reaction on our facebook page. jake wrote --
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here is the president's announcement from earlier today at the white house. he spoke for 15 minutes. president obama: good morning. last december, more than 13 years after our nation was attacked by al qaeda on 9/11, america's combat mission in afghanistan came to a responsible end. that milestone was achieved thanks to the courage and skill of our military, our intelligence, and civilian personnel.
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they serve there with extraordinary skill and valor. it is worth remembering the more than 2200 american patriots who made the ultimate sacrifice in afghanistan. i visited them last year to thank them on behalf of a great nation. -- grateful nation. i told them they could take great pride in the progress they have helped achieve. they struck devastating blows against the al qaeda leadership in the tribal regions. deliver justice to osama bin laden. prevented terrorist attacks and saved american lives. they pushed the taliban back so the afghan people could reclaim their communities, send their daughters to school, and improved their lives. our troops trained afghan forces so they could take the leads for their own security and protect afghans as they voted in historic elections, leading to the first democratic transfer of power in their country's history. today, american forces no longer patrol afghan villages were
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-- or valleys. our troops are not engaged in major ground combat against the taliban. those missions now belong to afghans who are fully responsible for securing their country. but as i've said before, while america's combat mission in afghanistan may be over, our commitment to afghanistan and its people endures. as commander in chief i will not allow afghanistan to be used as a haven for terrorist to attack our nation again. our forces will remain engaged in 2 narrow but critical missions. training afghan forces and supporting counterterrorist operations against the remnants of al qaeda. compared to the 100,000 troops we once had in afghanistan, fewer than 10,000 remain and support these focused missions.
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i meet regularly with my national security team included commanders in afghanistan to assess honestly the situation on the ground. to determine where our strategy is working and where we may need greater flexibility. i have insisted consistently that our strategy focus on the development of a sustainable afghan capacity and self-sufficiency. when we needed additional forces to it affect goal, when we needed to make adjustments in terms of our timetables, we have made those adjustments. i want to update the american
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people on our efforts. since taking the lead for security earlier this year, afghan forces have continued to step up. this has been the first fighting season were afghans have been on their own and they are fighting for their country's bravely and tenaciously. afghan forces continued to hold most urban areas. when the taliban has made gains, afghan forces backed by coalition support have been able to push them back. it has come at a heavy price. many trips have lost their lives as have civilians. at the same time, afghan forces are still not as strong as they need to be. they are developing critical capabilities intelligence, , logistics, aviation, command , and control. taliban has made gains in rural areas and can still launch attacks in cities including kabul. much of this was predictable. we understood that as we transitioned, the taliban would try to exploit some of our movements out of particular areas and that it would take time for afghan security forces and to strengthen.
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pressure from pakistan has resulted in more al qaeda coming into afghanistan and we have seen the emergence of an isil presence. the security situation is still very fragile. in some places there is risk of deterioration. fortunately, in the president and chief executive, there is a national unity government that supports a strong partnership with the united states. during the visit earlier this year, resident gani and i continued our counterterrorism operation and he has asked for can to need support -- continued support. following consultations with my entire national security team, as well as our partners and members of congress, the president and chief executive, i am therefore announcing the following steps which i am
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convinced offer the best possibility for a lasting progress in afghanistan. we first, i have decided to maintain our current posture of 9800 troops in afghanistan through most of next year, 2016. their mission will not change. our troops will continue to pursue those narrow tasks that i outlined. training afghan forces and going after al qaeda. maintaining our current posture through most of next year, rather than a more rapid drawdown, will allow us to sustain our efforts to train and assist afghan forces as they grow stronger. not only during this fighting season, but into the next. second, i have decided that instead of going down to a normal embassy presents in kabul by the end of 2016, we will maintain 5500 troops, a small
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number of bases including at bogra and kandahar in the south. our troops will focus on training afghans and counterterrorism operations. these bases will give us the presence and reach our forces require to achieve their mission. in this sense, afghanistan is a key piece of the network of counterterrorism partnerships that we need from south asia to africa to deal broadly with terror threats quickly and prevent attacks against our own. we will work with allies and partners to align the steps i am announcing with their own presence in afghanistan after 2016. in afghanistan we are part of a 42 nation coalition and our allies and partners can continue to play an indispensable role in
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helping afghanistan strengthen security forces. including respect for human rights. because governance and development remained a foundation for stability and progress in afghanistan, we will support the president and national unity government as they pursue critical reforms. new provincial governors have been appointed and the president is working to combat corruption, strengthen institutions, and uphold rule of law. as i told the president and chief executive yesterday, efforts to deliver progress and justice for the afghan people will continue to have strong support. we cannot separate the importance of governance with
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the issues of security. the more effective these reforms happen, the better off the security situation will be. we also discussed american support of an afghan led reconciliation process. it should be clear to the taliban and all who oppose afghanistan's progress, the only real way to achieve the amount of u.s. and foreign troops from afghanistan is through a lasting political soap -- settlement with the afghan government. securities for the taliban and other terrorists must end. i will urge all parties in the region to press the taliban to return to talks and do their part in pursuit of the piece that afghans deserve. in closing, i want to speak directly to those whose lives are most directly affected. to the afghan people, who have suffered so much. america's commitment to you and to a secure, stable, and unified afghanistan, that remains term.
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-- firm. our nations have forged a strategic partnership for the long-term and as you defend and build your country, today is a reminder of the united dates -- states keeps our commitment. and to our men and women in uniform, i know this means that some of you will rotate back into afghanistan. with the end our combat mission, this is not like 2010 when nearly 500 americans were killed and many more were injured. but still, afghanistan remains dangerous. 25 brave americans have given their lives there this year. i do not send you into harms way lately. it is the most solemn decision that i make. i know the wages of war as i visit the hospital. as your commander in chief, i believe this mission is vital to our national security interests in preventing terrorist attacks
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against our citizens and nation. and to the american people, many of you have grown weary of this conflict. as you are well aware, i do not support the idea of endless war. i have repeatedly argued against marching into open-ended military conflicts that do not serve our security interests. given what's at stake in afghanistan and the opportunity for a stable and committed ally that can partner with us in preventing the emergence of future threats, and the fact that we have an international coalition, i am firmly committed to making this extra effort. in the afghan government, we have a serious partner who want s our help. and the majority of the afghan people share our goals. we have a bilateral security
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agreement to guide our cooperation. and every single day, afghan forces are out there fighting and dying to protect their country. they are not looking for us to do it for them. i am speaking of the afghan army cadet who grew up seeing bombing and attacks on innocent civilians who said because of this, i took the decision to join the army to try and save as -- innocent people's lives. or the police officer trained to diffuse explosives. who says he is always dreamed of wearing the uniform of afghanistan. or the afghan commando, a hardened veteran who said if i start telling you the stories of my life, i might start crying. he serves come he said, because the faster we bring peace, the
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faster we can bring education and the stronger our unity will grow. only after these things happen will afghanistan stand up for itself. my fellow americans, after so many years of war, afghanistan will not be a perfect place. it is a poor country that will have to work hard on its development. there will continue to be contested areas. but afghans like these are standing up for their country. if they were to fail, they would endanger the security of us all. we have made enormous investments in a stable afghanistan. africans are making difficult, but genuine progress. this modest but meaningful extension of our presence while sticking to our current, narrow missions can make a difference. it is the right thing to do.
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may god bless our troops and all who keep us safe and may god continue to bless the united states of america. >> [indiscernible] president obama: this decision is not disappointing. continually, my goal has been to make sure that we give every opportunity for afghanistan to succeed while we are making sure we meet our core missions. as i have continually said, my approach is to assess the situation on the ground, figure out what is working, and what is not. make adjustments when necessary. this is the first time does -- those adjustments have been made and probably won't be the last. by is theencouraged fact we have a government that is serious about trying to deliver security and the
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prospects of better life for the afghan people. we have a clear majority of the afghans who want to partner with us and the international community to achieve those goals. we have a bilateral security arrangement that ensures our troops can operate in ways that protected them while achieving their mission. we have always known we had to maintain a counterterrorism operation in that region. in order to attempt down the -- in order to tampa down any emergence of active al qaeda networks or other networks that might do us harm. this is consistent with the overall vision we have had and we anticipated, as we were drawing down troops, there might be places we might need to slow things down or fill gaps in afghan capacity. this is a reflection of that. it's a dangerous area so part of
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what we're trying to balance is making sure afghans are out there doing what they need to do. but in that we are giving them a chance to succeed and that we are making sure they can conduct those missions we need to conduct, we can do so relatively safely. there are still risks involved. the ability of our embassies to operate effectively, those things all factor in. we have to review those approaches. what i want to emphasize is the nature of the mission has not changed. the cessation of our combat role has not changed. the 25 military and civilians who were killed last year, that always weighs on my mind. many,ths are 25 too
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particularly for the families of the fallen. i understand relative to what is involved when we were in an active combat role, it was a different scenario. you have a situation where we have clarity about our mission and a partner that wants to work with us. we are going to make adjustments to ensure we give the best possibilities for success. i suspect we will continue to evaluate this going forward as will the next president. as conditions improve, we will be in a position to make other adjustments. i'm confident this is the right thing to do. i am not disappointed because my view has always been how do we achieve our goals while minimizing the strain and exposure on our men and women in uniform and make sure we are constantly encouraging and
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sending a message to the afghan people that this is their country and they have to defend it. we are going to be a steady partner for them. ok. thank you, everybody. at the pentagon, defense secretary ashton carter discussed the president's decision. peter cook answered reporters questions after secretary carter's remarks at this 40 minute news briefing. >> hello, everyone. secretary carter has a brief statement regarding the president's decision on afghanistan. he has time for about one or two questions and he has to meet with the south korean minister of defense. i will stick around to answer
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any additional questions you have. secretary, it's all yours. secretary carter: thank you very over the last 14 years, over 2200 americans paid the ultimate price to keep the less secure while helping the people of afghanistan realizing a brighter future. we have welcomed many of those brave americans home and visited many more wounded at walter reed. today's decision from the president to adjust our troop presence in afghanistan honors that sacrifice and gives us the chance to finish what we started. over the years, i have witnessed and contributed to that effort, which has been so superbly executed by u.s. and coalition forces. when i became secretary of defense, i made it one of my top priorities to ensure the long-term success of that mission.
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that is why one of the first things i did when i started this job was to travel to afghanistan. i wanted to see firsthand what was happening in the country where the united states and the men and women of the department of defense have invested and sacrificed so much. what i have learned over the last eight months is that afghanistan is on a better path. more work lies ahead. america's national security remains very much at stake in that part of the world. today, after considering input from me, our top military leaders, the rest of the national security team, our nato allies in the government of afghanistan, the president announced his decision to maintain our current force posture of 9800 troops through most of next year. by january 2017, u.s. forces will draw down to 5500 troops.
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they were redeployed deployed at several locations around afghanistan, including kabul, kandahar, and jalalabad, in support of two important and enduring visions -- missions. we are adjusting our presence based on conditions on the ground to give the united states and our allies the capabilities this -- to sustain a robust antiterrorism -- counterterrorism platform. this will keep americans safer back home. these changes take into account the progress of afghan forces and the partnership we have donnie --h president ghani.
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they have proven themselves to be capable and resilient fighters. they have performed admirably this season. the first four which is a responsibility to fight the taliban has fallen on their shoulders. taliban advances in parts of the country underscore the reality that this is, and remains, a difficult fight. we understand that afghanistan still needs assistance. through nato's resolute support mission, we are working closely with the afghan national defense and security forces, and afghan security ministries to make sure that they are prepared for the critical mission of protecting the afghan people and setting the conditions for stability in this region. this extends beyond our u.s. military presence, and includes important financial contributions we will need to make in support of the afghan security forces in the years to come. the u.s. military's presence and
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financial sustainment will enable the afghan security forces to continue security development as an agile and sustainable set of forces, capable of meeting afghan security challenges and partnering with us against terrorist exploitation of the region. it sends a strong message to the international communities that the united states is committed to afghanistan and intent on fostering stability over the long-term. we anticipate that the u.s. commitment will in turn garner the commitment of other members of the coalition. the u.s. forces have operated with. i've initiated consultations with key allies to secure their continued support for this mission. over time, we will reduce our footprint in afghanistan, but not our commitment to the country and its people. back in march, during his first official visit to the u.s., president ghanni came here to
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the pentagon and did something very important to all of us here. he said thank you to the men and women of the u.s. military for the sacrifices they and their families have made over the past 14 years. he also visited arlington national cemetery to remember the fallen. it was an important message. today, we deliver our own ghanni andpresident the afghan people -- we are with you and support you, and we are not going to give up the gains we fought so hard to achieve. thank you, and i will now take some questions. >> what do you say to critics who suggest that the 5500 level is not enough to do both the counterterrorism mission and the train advise mission? if it enough and do you see that number as an enduring long-term
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troop level for some years to come after? secretary carter: we did a lot of homework on this. it's the reason for that number of troops, but also, the locations that is important. i want to make sure we all keep track of the funding which is vitally important. those are the ingredients of continuing to prosecute the mission in a way that can be successful. that is what we judge, myself and chairman dunford and general campbell, now to the second part of your question which i think was his going to be 5500 forever? -- is it going to be 5500 forever? i can only say this, that is our best estimate now of what we should plan for and are planning for and budgeting for 2017.
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in the future, and these will be decisions that a future president will take, in that timeframe, and i presume we will make judgments the way president obama has, to take into account circumstances as they pertain to the time and make adjustments that seem necessary. this is our best guess for what would be sufficient and a good basis for planning 2017. >> the president has talked about the end of the u.s. combat mission in afghanistan. does that mean that the u.s. military will no longer provide combat support to the afghan forces, such as the airstrikes? secretary carter: it's not a part of the mission, on a
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day-to-day basis, to engage in combat. our mission on a day-to-day beis is and will continue to , first of all, counterterrorism operations such as the one we conducted with the afghans just a week ago, which was successful in destroying a major part of the remaining al qaeda presence in afghanistan. secondly, they train, advise, and assist part of the mission. the commander does retain the authority to use u.s. forces for force protection and an extremist support for afghan security forces. we don't know yet, everything that happened in kunduz.
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general campbell acknowledged that a mistake was made. i have ordered him to conduct and he is committed to conduct a full and transparent investigation, and we will find out everything that happened there. but to answer your questions on the combat mission, it has ended and our mission now, on a day-to-day basis is to train, advise and assist, and counterterrorism and only to undertake other kinds of operations to protect their own forces or on an extreme situation. >> have you personally seen the reporter: have you personally seen the gun camera video from that airstrike or heard or read transcripts of any cockpit audio recording? secretary carter: i have gotten periodic reports, but i am waiting until the full investigation is done. this is not a situation read to put -- this is a situation where need to put all the facts together and look at all the data you are talking about.
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there is other data, as well. we need to make sure that we have the full story. i want the full story. because i think we have promised the world that we would give the facts when we have them. i want to make sure that we have them so that we can give them any way that we have confidence. secondly, i think if there are people who need to be held accountable, they need to be held accountable on the basis of those facts. reporter: is the islamic state also a target for u.s. forces there? would it be purely for counterterrorism, or if you are denying them a safe haven, the president also said that the standard of success would be a lasting political settlement . that a full drawdown would come
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down with a lasting settlement. carter: let me take that first part. counterterrorism is going to be part of the enduring mission there. whatever it takes to protect our country and make sure that afghanistan does not become a platform from which terrorism arises. i am confident we will take appropriate action and i would dare say i'm confident that future presidents would do the same. we have to protect our people, and we will do it. with respect to the mission, the president was speaking of the prospect for reconciliation between the afghan government and the taliban. that would be something we would hope for. it would provide, as he said, for a lasting political settlement in afghanistan. and we are fully supportive of
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that effort, jim. afghan-led, it cannot be afghan-ledof an reconciliation effort. that is certainly the outcome to be hoped for, and that would lead to a lasting political settlement in afghanistan. in the meantime, we are committed to helping the afghan security forces defend themselves as long as there is a opposition to the government. but obviously, one hopes that that will come to an end. but that is not in our hands. the president is pointing to the fact that that would have to be part of the reconciliation process. reporter: mr. secretary how , would you judge the success of plan by the time the president leaves office? secondly what criteria or , metrics will you use to june
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judge the success of the revised plan? in light of the announcements, do you think it was perhaps a misstep to have announced a predetermined timeline for withdrawing u.s. troops in afghanistan? secretary carter: you have to have a plan. we asked for that. you always have to have a plan at a certain time. we submit budgets those two years in advance. we have instructions to do, people to prepare for deployment, train up, it takes a certain about a time and planning. that said, i think the president has shown that he is willing to depart from the plan when circumstances suggest. and so there have been a host of circumstances since last year, of which one notable one just to pick one, was the length of the transition between the karzai government and the national
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unity government which was a thatand unanticipated way set things back in time, so that's a factor. how would i measure success of the next year and a half? there are a couple of ingredients. one is how successful we are with our afghan partners at suppressing terrorism and carrying out strikes aimed at first of all, obviously, limiting al qaeda and anyone else who threatens the united states. a second big indicator would be how the afghan security forces are doing, both in terms of their combat performance and the ,ritical ingredient which is for which the year is very important, is the building of
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their own enablers. their air force, the helicopter forces and so forth. these will be some of the things that we are aiming to achieve over the next year and i think the president's decision reflects the fact that it will be easier for us to achieve those things which afghanistan needs at a force level of 9800, then it would be if we round down faster. that is one of the reasons. gordon? gordon for old times , sake. i do need to go see the defense minister on the republic of korea, if anyone wants to join us. [laughter] the draw out plan, we are hearing that it's not a calendar-based plan. on the 5500 at the end of 2016.
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but it sounds like it is a calendar-based plan, so i am wondering, if the commander at the time -- the end of 2016 says we don't want to go down to 5500, how big of a lift would be to reassess that? unless the 9800 state. secretary carter i can't say : that, it's a long time from now with a different set of circumstances. it gets back to the question that jim asked. any plan you make this reasonable to you at the time, this seems like a reasonable forecast. i am grateful that the president was willing to and eager to make an adjustment in a plan that there was, after all, over a year old, in light of circumstances which constantly change. that is the nature of this kind of conflict, of development, so i would assume that people here in the department of defense and
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people in the rest of the government will always be willing to make adjustments to plans in a matter as grave as this, based on intervening circumstances. to me, that is common sense. thank you all very much. good to see you. peter? peter: for the record, the secretary did not just invite you to his meeting. that is closed to press, but we will give you a minute after the meeting. again thank you all for your , patience. i know i'm not as compelling as the secretary, but i will do my best to answer your questions on this and other issues. tara? reporter: given that extra
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troops will be staying in afghanistan longer, is there is any chance that troops will be extended and what plan is going on in the building of the next units that will be deploying? peter: these are decisions that will have to be looked at over the next couple of weeks as this gets implemented. as you know, we are at 9800 right now. the expectation now is that that will be the number through most 2016. i can't say exactly how those deployments, how those rotations by the affected. at this particular moment, right now. reporter what up the chance that : troops currently in theiristan will see services be extended? peter we have to assess give : abilities, which ones we need on the ground, what our partners in nato and our allies will be
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bringing to the effort. once we have a better sense of everyone's contributions, we will have a better idea of what the breakdown of those forces and whether or not those decisions need to be made. reporter: something the secretary said, that the mission has ended and afghanistan but later said there would be a counterterrorism mission that will be part of an enduring mission. if your forces have conducted 30 28 airstrikes alone in 2015, how has combat ended? all the evidence suggests it has not. peter the counterterrorism : mission is ongoing and we have an clear about that from the start. and it was highlighted by what we just did in the past few days. with a reference to the remnants forl qaeda of the operation october 7, this is an ongoing effort and remains the focus of the u.s. military in afghanistan and we will continue. it's a different effort, then what we were talking about
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combat operations, specifically. reporter: you are fighting an al qaeda presence, how has combat ended? peter: it is counterterrorism. we are talking about a military effort that is focused in one particular direction, but we are trying to draw a distinction between what we do there in terms of counterterrorism, but the efforts of the afghan security forces to secure the country itself from the taliban, specifically. reporter: the differences between combat and counterterrorism? patrick: we talked about it a lot, from this podium and others, we talk about a counterterrorism mission, the target is specifically the remnants of al qaeda and the famous groups that want to do harm to the united states -- and the extremist groups that want to do harm to the united states. reporter: switching topics for one question. does the u.s. military have any obligation to help u.s. backed rebels in syria? peter: again, this is a question we have gotten a lot. this is an effort where we are providing support to rebels on the ground in syria.
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we are providing air support and have talked about changes to the program and we will continue to provide that support ongoing. jim, you had a question. [inaudible] reporter: what was the assessment in the meetings you , ifon with uniform officers -- if wede disbanded strategy had drawn out, what were some of the consequences that commanders here in afghanistan were concerned about? collapse of the afghan army and continually like kunduz are, are what -- or what? thatck: tony, in a sense they saw the successful training and assisting of the afghan security forces and the progress they have made, and they want to build on that and make sure we don't lose those gains. the afghan forces have made significant strides. it is still a very difficult
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situation with people who are in a very difficult fight. and quite frankly some of them , have lost their lives, a significant number in afghanistan. this is a tremendous actor fights on the part of the afghan forces in the face of a serious challenge and we are trying to provide support for them so that the gains they made can be extended. they've got new capabilities moving in and determinations made by general campbell and others like secretary carter that this was the best way to build on those gains to put afghanistan on the most secure footing going forward. and so i would like to look at it, in terms of the progress being made as opposed to a hypothetical what if if we were to somehow draw down. reporter: it is not hypothetical. was kunduz not a warning sign that we need to keep the forces in? peter: it was not. these were deliberations that have been going on for some time. i think kunduz highlights the
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ongoing challenge, the difficult fight underway. but this is not a response to what has happened in kunduz. this is a wider effort to put the afghan security forces in the best possible position going forward to secure the country for themselves, and prevent the kinds of situations we have seen in kunduz. to allow for them to be able to handle that on their own going forward. but the afghan forces taking the lead and dealing with this on their own is what we are trying to make sure happened. reporter: you are seeing a potentially crumbling force. peter you should see this as : providing support for a force that is getting better and better all the time. the secretary mentioned the aviation capabilities just now coming to the security forces. these are the kinds of things we want to build on and provide the afghan security forces on the best possible footing. reporter: my question is, can you elaborate on the reasons why the mission has been extended?
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it seems that the afghan security forces are not strong enough, but did general campbell testified earlier that the terrorist threat is significant and serious and in some cases expanding. which of those factors weighed on the decision? peter: as you heard from the secretary they both weighed in in the sense that we still , believe that even really made progress, the afghan security forces need additional assistance. at the same time, there is a counterterrorism effort that the united states has a national interest in making sure that extremist groups in afghanistan do not have the ability to find a safe haven. and we will continue to focus our efforts on those groups. at the same time, we provide the assistance that we believe the afghan security forces need to go forward and we continue to work very closely with the afghan government. remember, we are there at their invitation. they have been strong partners in this. we support the efforts of the
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president. it is a two track effort. as both the president and the secretary outlined earlier. reporter: peter at what point , are we going to get a breakdown in that 5500? how many years of support qu? how many contractors will be needed? peter: this will be determined in some measure by what we hear from our partners in terms of the contributions they are prepared to make. we were at nato and the secretary had a sense of conversations with some of the partners who are in the effort in afghanistan last week. we seek to couple that what they do and vice versa. the afghan forces themselves, we want to get a picture of what everybody is bringing to the table before determining exactly what the breakdown is. and these will be decisions from commanders on the ground that i expect we will get this in the coming weeks and months, but we can't give you the exact details until we have a better idea of
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what the contribution some other countries are. reporter: the secretary said he has already had some early conversations with nato allies. of the onboarding with introducing more forces? peter the effort to support the : afghani government and i can tell you that the secretary left his meetings in nato very confident that other partners and allies would be stepping forward with their own contributions, making their own contributions on behalf of this effort. but again we will leave it to , those partners and allies to speak for themselves as to what they can bring to this effort. reporter: if they don't step the 9800 be enough
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to complete the mission? peter we are confident that our : allies and partners will bring a significant contribution to this effort and will be able to support the afghan security forces and the government. reporter: yes, thanks. the secretary said this was an opportunity to finish what we started. could you give us a sense of what role did eastern pakistan had or to what extent that has come up, given that how we've seen these two issues are not really separate, one would think they would be key to all of this going forward. can you give us a sense of whether that has been part of this discussion. or is nato in and of itself try to figure out a way? peter: everyone involved in this effort is trying to take a comprehensive look at the picture and trying to involve pakistan in a conversation has been important in the relationship between afghanistan and pakistan is important going forward. that is just one component of
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this larger picture. so i think this is, looking at the situation on the ground right now, this is what the president and the secretary and the military leadership here have come to the conclusion, we can best support the afghan government going forward and also maintain the counterterrorism mission as well. pakistan is important. part of the conversation going forward, it's not the only part. obviously. reporter: i would like to follow-up on tom's question and your answer to it. you said one of the things you are looking at with the coalition partners was in terms of what they were bringing and how you came to the 5500 number if you do not know what the coalition members are giving. that is, if the u.k. offers mean anotherat 1000 of the 5500 go to do something else?
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the appearance that this is a numbers-driven -- could you help me understand how you came up with the 5500 number if you don't know what the other partners will be doing? peter: i think it's fair to say that general campbell and the secretary in his conversation as has a good picture of the level of commitment from these other countries. we will not speak for them, but i think a factor that larger picture into this decision at his recommendations to the president. we do not have the exact level of detail, you are right. but we have a pretty good picture of the willingness of these other countries to step forward. they have been willing to do so in the past and have made public statements on their own about the willingness to go forward. but in terms of the exact breakdown, nancy, and their capabilities, and some of them are playing specific roles now, those are the sorts of things that will help us get a better sense of tom's question about the exact breakdown of how many of these forces will be doing
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, for example force protection , as opposed to the train and advise role, how many will be counterterrorism. we will get more of those granular details, we just don't have the right now. reporter: do you have estimates of that kind of breakdown? peter: i cannot. i want to defer to our nato allies to be able to explain what they plan to do themselves. going forward, once we have that, we will have a better idea. carter metecretary with the south korean president this morning. issues raised -- peter the secretary is going to : be in with the minister of
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defense from south korea. i know they had a productive meeting this morning. we will have a more complete readout on both meetings at the conclusion. i know the secretary felt that was a great opportunity to reaffirm the alliance between the united states and south korea and the ironclad commitment the united states has to south korea's defense. i think you will get more from the readout at the conclusion of these talks. but it's a great opportunity for the secretary to not only meet with the defense, but also the president, as well. i don't know if you saw the full honor cordon this morning. we don't normally do that. it's a nice moment on a beautiful day to welcome the very strong ally to the united states. reporter: i am just curious, when are we going to get any of the information about these reports from kunduz? we were told last week that it would be a couple of days. but the preliminary report by
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nato, we were told a couple of days and now it's approaching two weeks. when are we going to get the information? peter i've asked some of these : same questions myself, my understanding is that it will take a few more days. it could be the beginning of next week when we have some initial, preliminary findings. you made a good point. that the investigation as general campbell as spelled it out, it will take more time in the initial assessment is looking specifically to the issue of civilian casualties. the expectation we have is that early next week we will build a get some information to you. general campbell and his team will be able to share details at that time. do you have any idea about the coalition forces, if they have any connection with the forces in the interior?
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details i think colonel laurent share the d with you about the airdrop, that it went successfully and that ammunition and other equipment was dropped on the 11th, and that it was recovered at that time by some very and forces and some kurdish forces. but i don't know exactly where it went. reporter: have they picked up some of the ammunition dropped on syria? peter: my understanding is that it simply went to syrian arab forces and that it -- there were also opposition forces that were able to recover some of the weaponry as well. kurdish forces. reporter: do you have any information about any recent navigation operations? peter: no. continues toetary
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say, the united states will operate in whatever international law allows and that includes, no exception -- no exception in the south china sea. i know the ambassador testified and we will continue to look at all aspects of our options available to us in the south china sea and that part of the world. and i'm not going to relate to operations that are underway. just to state the larger issue that the secretary has consistently mentioned the capability to fly, sale, and internationalre law allows. reporter: after the u.s. began its withdrawal, obama announced the timeline.
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we see as fight and violence. the taliban reporting they have reached farther than any point since 2001. we've seen the telegram, the u.n. reporting of the have a wider reach today. we see them taking cities like kunduz. is it the assessment of this building that the pace of withdrawal is responsible some of these setbacks and that is part of the readjustment? peter: i think what you heard from the secretary and the president today is that the adjustments being made here reflect the assessment that certain troop levels and capabilities would best be moved forward, by maintaining this troop level at this particular moment in time while still setting the target of the president did for 5500 by the time he leaves office in 2017. that that will foster the capabilities necessary for the
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afghan forces to protect the country on the road. they had their first fighting season in the lead on their own. they will have a second one and this will give them, secretary carter, military leadership here the best opportunity to secure the country on their own. and to do so, make this a more stable country moving forward and a safer country for the people of afghanistan. reporter: just to clarify. you said the reassessment was based on the facts on the ground. those are the setbacks, but any type of assessment there were , concerns that the pace of withdrawal continues at the pace it was set at, then we would see more setbacks. peter i think there was concern, : as we mentioned, that the security forces still needed additional assistance. they needed additional training. they are just getting something abilities online -- just getting some capabilities online. at this particular moment in
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time, it would be helpful for the afghan government. they have asked us for this kind of assistance. we also have some circumstances separate and apart that can treated to this decision. one was the extended. . period of time before the government was able to form. that was a fact we had not factored in before. this is the best way to build on the progress of the afghan security forces have made, and also to be candid, to make sure that there is not a setback going forward. there is still a dangerous place. people are losing their lives. afghan forces, in particular. this is, again, an effort for the u.s. to provide that kind of assistance to move the afghan security forces onto a firmer urer footing going
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forward in the best interest of the people of afghanistan. that is the kind of assistance we are trying to provide. i've got time for two more. i have to go to this meeting, as well. in the back. reporter: it is is my understanding that private contractors about double what is it is right now. , do you envision them to be at that level, even with the drawdown? peter i can't tell you with : certainty. contractors have been part of the effort in afghanistan for some time. i would venture to say that i imagine they will be part of this effort going forward, but i can't give you the specific number. if you would like i will try to , circle back as to what that number is now. but i don't have it up here at the podium. last one in the middle. reporter next year, will be the breakdown he expected to be the same?
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were there any mission areas targeted that need more attention or troops, like more trainers or vice versa? peter: these are going back to nancy and tom's questions, the exact breakdown will be determined by commanders on the ground once they determine what our nato allies are bringing to this effort as well. but you can be sure that there will certainly be folks in the counterterrorism effort and a separate group of people whose main focus will be on training and advising the afghan security forces. and then there will be others for force protection purposes to make sure our forces on the ground remain as safe as possible in afghanistan. and with that, i'm going to be late. last one. reporter: is there any purpose with the russian incident? have there been any other close calls between u.s. aircraft in syria? are closethink we
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with the russians regarding flight safety in syria. some details have been worked out after yesterday with the call. but there was more progress made yesterday. the second part of your question again question mar? reporter: have there been any more close calls since saturday? peter: to my understanding, there have been no more close calls, any encounters that i have been made aware of that would cause us to have killer concern. -- particular concern. we are hoping safety protocols to be put in place as quickly as possible so we don't have to worry about this going forward. i have to go, sorry. i've got to go, sorry. >> thanks everyone. announcer: on the next washington journal, former indiana governor mitch daniels on college affordability. on the rolekelleher that wall street is playing in
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the presidential race. wherelly o'toole on candidates stand on national security issues. live with your phone calls, messages liveok on c-span. >> every weekend, c-span features programs on politics. cartoonistsl describe their syrians covering the george w. bush menstruation. administration. and at margaret thatcher, covering her on what would've been her 90th birthday. live this saturday morning, on book tv, the 20th annual texas book festival from austin. featuring interviews with nonfiction authors. harriet washington and her book on how we can catch mental illness. u.s. ands roth on
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israel from truman to obama. sunday, our coverage continues beginning at noon with author michael weiss on isis. and a discussion on artificial intelligence. later, authors on president lyndon and lady bird johnson. on american history tv saturday afternoon before 5:00, a historian on the relationship between nixon and the shop of iran. 6:40,nday evening at george mason university history professor on the confederate flag and slavery. get our complete we can schedule at c-span.org. >> c-span has your coverage of the road to the white house 2016. where you will find the candidates, speeches, debates
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and most importantly, your questions. this year, we're taking our coverage into classrooms across the country with our student camera contest, giving students the opportunity to discuss the important issues they want to hear from the candidates. follow our contest and road to the white house coverage 2016 on tv, the radio, and online at c-span.org. announcer: at the steamboat freedom institute conference, they discussed the tax code on business in america. an hour and 15 minutes. >> thank you, very much. we hope the next hour and 15
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minutes is enjoyable. we think it will be. as moderator, i wish i had an hour and 15 minutes with each one of these people here. we have a very distinguished panel. let me first introduce peter coors. pete is chairman of vice chairman of coors. he is a colorado native. we like that. probably the most recognizable colorado native we have in colorado right now. [applause] the coors name has become synonymous with colorado. and pete, i think you and your family for that. coors brewing is a tradition that stretches over five generations of family. it was started by his great-grandfather in 1873. it is a pretty amazing legacy. in addition to his corporate responsibilities, he has held leadership positions in american
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enterprise institute, boy scouts of america, international chapter of young presidents organization, the denver art museum, ducks unlimited, and as cororsnt of the adolph foundation. i want to mention one other great thing about pete and that family who did a tremendous amount of philanthropy and support for our state and nation and our culture. it is unmatched. [applause] he is far too humble to mention the volumes of awards and recognitions that he personally, and the family, and company, have received. i will mention one that i thought was particularly appropriate. in 2010, he was named as citizen of the west. pete coors thank you very much , for being with us. [applause]
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our second panelist is paul dietzel. he is an entrepreneur extraordinaire. three years ago he founded a company called antidote. it is a technology company headquartered in baton rouge, louisiana. he was also a 2014 candidate for the louisiana congressional seat in district 6. antidote today, three years later, it is the leading software platform for campaigns in the u.s., with more members of congress using it then any other software system for online contributions. they give little campaigns, religious organizations, and nonprofits to securely collect donations. they have collected already in just three years donations in all 50 states, and 23 nations.
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a pretty amazing record. if his name seems familiar to you somehow, it is with good reason. his grandfather was the legendary coach of the 1959 national championship team at lsu, coach of the year, later coached at west point and the university of south carolina. welcome, paul dietzel. [applause] my good friend heidi goodall has a good story. she is the founder and ceo of camp bowow. the largest pet care franchise in north america. heidi's was not an easy path to success. she lost her husband in a plane crash when he was 25 years old. in fact, on his birthday. close to being out of money and hope, heidi opened her first franchise facility in 2000 in
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denver. she now has over 200 franchises. camp bowow is one of the largest women-led franchises in the country and one of the fastest-growing brands in the pet care industry and the leader in that sector. she was recently recognized as one of the 10 most promising entrepreneurs. in her spare time, she works at the colorado foundation. she serves on the advisory board for the leadership program of the rockies. she also founded a nonprofit that she calls moms fight back, a nonprofit to help empower moms to make social change and become important players in colorado. she is a mom of four children. welcome, heidi. [applause]
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jim nyman is the vice president and ceo of nyman enterprises. it was founded in 1936 by his grandfather. with two facilities in south dakota, one in wyoming, and one in our own montrose, colorado the nyman family is also in the , ranging business and owns a golf club in wyoming. and heartland would helots in south dakota. his son is a fourth-generation of nymans who work in the company. congratulations to another family-owned business. they have been recognized by the small business administration, and as a small business person of the year. they have been recognized by the united states forest service.
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his leadership positions past and present, the wyoming occupational health and safety commission, the wyoming economic development and stabilization board, independent forest products association, president of the university of wyoming board of trustees, chairman of the university of wyoming school of environmental national resources, on and on and on, last and certainly not least, he is on the economic advisory board for the federal reserve bank of kansas city. ladies and gentlemen i think you , would agree that we have an exceptional panel here today. [applause] i will invite each candidate to make remarks on the state of affairs. i think it is important to share today. we will get right into question. pete, you go first.
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, for thenk you, bob elaborate and unnecessary introduction. why don't you guys say something about yourselves? i can see a lot of time because he didn't. the one thing left out was that i had the privilege of being a candidate for the u.s. senate in 2004. and many of you are helpful in that. [applause] we all lost our last elections, unfortunately. [laughter] i think we will get details on the business through the day. paul: i look to these business leaders to see what i can become throughout the next 10-15 years of my life. looking out into the business
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environment, the climate of our country, it is really fascinating to me, even five years ago, it was easier than today to start businesses. you look at the amount of pages in the taxco, the amount of regulations, that makes it harder for entrepreneurs to jump in and great business. you look at every day the government is picking on businesses. uber recently. one of the things we have to do is really unlock our innovators, the next generation. we have to get the next generation of leaders and innovators activated and involved and engaged. that is why i am excited to see so many millennial's speaking. a handful, is a pleasure to be here with you. i look forward to being a lookout. bob: heidi?
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[applause] heidi: i know a lot of you in the room. i think most of you know how passionate i am about entrepreneurship and innovation. i believe that is the key to unlocking potential in our country. paul said it well, our youth need to be encouraged and excited. i spend a lot of time speaking to college and high school kids about the beauty of starting your own business. how they can do it with a click of the mouse or on their phone sitting at home, instead of watching tv. but i think it is unfortunate that the business environment is not very good for starting your own anymore. it is a lot different since when ow 16 yearsamp bow ago. government overreach, taxes -- it is so complicated. my husband jason is starting a new barbecue restaurant. and just

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