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tv   Discussion on Political Engagement and Millennials  CSPAN  November 16, 2015 1:40am-3:11am EST

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just in closing, i just learned learned recently that you are an avid soccer player. what position do you play and you have any games lined up? >> avid should not confused with good. i play anywhere. our season is over. >> you have anything lined up in paris? >> no. >> ladies and gentlemen, thank it >> it may, the issues that to engage millennial's around the world. issues combating extremism. now, a discussion about engaging
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young people in politics around the world. activists talk about what they are doing to get millennial's involved in the political process. this is one and a half hours. hours. >> hello everyone, thank you for being here today. my name my name is and johnson, i am the executive director we are excited about the conversation starting today about young people in civic engagement and social change in here in the u.s. and around the world. generation progress as an organization that works with the millennial generation here in the u.s. the millennial's are defined as people born between 1980 and
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2000. although it depends on who is to find it. the millennial generation generation is the largest generation in our history. there are in the year 2020 millennial's will make up 20% 20% of the voting age population in the u.s. there is conversation about what is going on with young people in the united states and their political participation. as an organization we focus on engaging young people around the issues that matter to them. so we talk about economy count and other topics important to them. we've had an opportunity over the past years to meet young people around the world who are doing similar work and engaging young people in social change in their country. what we have learned is a lot of the issues are very similar. the issues that are important to
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young people. if you think about jobs in the economy that makes sense. young people are unemployed and underemployed at higher rates than other people. so there's a big big question about jobs and the economy. there are issues around access to high-quality, affordable education for young people. in the united states going to debt is a huge issue, access to to higher education is an issue around the world. there are issues related to violence, gun violence in the united states one of the things i have found is when i talk about our problem with gun violence in the united states, it is absolutely shocking to young people in other parts of the world. how bad this issue is in the u.s. there are issues we are dealing with, with police violence and police killings of young people which is something other people around the world are dealing with violence what the states
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itself. there are also important things about the role of government that young people are struggling with in the u.s. and around the world. one thing that was surprising to me as i was having conversation was young people in other parts of the world would say, there is a corruption problem with the way our political system works. it is corrupt. in the united states young people talk about being frustrated by money and politics. when you really boil it down it is the same issue. it's about influence that goes to the very rich and powerful and it takes away from people at large. i think think their similarities in that issue as well. issues are similar that young people are dealing with. i think some of the structural challenges are somewhat similar. their progressive institutions here and around the world that are trying to figure out how to engage the millennial generation into the progressive
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institution. whether that is labor union, advocacy organization, or political parties, or think tanks. organizations are trying to figure out how to engage this generation to make them a part of the fabric of the progressive movement in that country. obviously political participation is an issue, so actually voting. young people are not voting in the numbers of previous generations. they are not exercising the power in that way. that is something here and around the world political parties and candidates are trying to figure out. we're talking about this earlier, there is also earl lot of social movements that are happening around the world that are trying to figure out young people leading the social movements are trying to figure out how to move that social movement of organizing activism into political power.
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if you think about the occupy movement in the united states it was powerful around income equality but i think a lot of folks and occupy movement would actually say moving into institutional power was a challenge. other organizing efforts around the world are experiencing similar powers. after the protest, what is the next step? how do you institutionalize your power to create long-term change? that is something people are thinking about. with this global conversation we want to start, we want to address the issues and say what is the research that we need to do on this? we are excited to have our friends here from the foundation for european progressive studies to talk about the millennial dialogue project they have kicked off around the world. so what does the research tell us and what do we know about young people in the united states and around the world? what are some of the issues that are engaging young people here and what our young issues
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engaging young people in other countries? what can we learn from those? what is working here, for example that is working in other parts of the world? those are the kind of things we want to talk about with issue organizing campaigns. we want to talk about what is working in an electrical engagement. what are models and successes we can share with each other to make electoral politics more welcoming to young people around the world? what good public policy are actually passing? what policies are impacting young people and how are they getting through the legislative bodies that young people are engaged in? so, what's working, how, how are we electing good candidates, how are we getting young people to run for office, and how are we
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building social movements that move into institutionalize powers. these are the questions we want to ask over the course of the next hour and a half and over the course of the next months and years as what as we build this millennial conversation. we want to connect young organizers and activists around the world together. as as we move forward together these relationships being built and best practices being shared will impact ten or 20, or 30 years out when these people are running their government. with that, i will turn it over to ernst, if you want to come up we are thrilled to be working with the foundation for european progressive studies on this research project. it is a very busy meeting with d.c. this week. thank you for joining us and tell us about the work. >> thank you so much for giving
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me the opportunity to address this conference and before stopping i would like to say a big thank you that it was possible to build up the kind of common dialogue for the centers of making progress and all of the related institutions. i think what we discussed today is not only a timely discussion but very important issue of our times and the challenges we are living and the millennial's are facing. not least important for today's debate is the issue of some up worn-out story of younger generation that you mention. it features disenchanted, or disengage young people who have turned their back on the political system. this is at least what we can say from the european level. people are saying in your political appeals they distance themselves from political campaigns and they failed to
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appear at belt boxes. however, their absence their absence within the framework of institutionalize political conversation make them a target of political -- that is why we have lunch together a generation progress at global initiative and i mention that already, called the millennial dialogue. it seeks to shed light on this growing phenomena of u.s. withdrawal. it is is crucial that we as progressives take assertive step to understand the youth and a very good indicator of what the future will look like and how progressives will proceed by this generation. in addition, and most importantly, we should enable ourselves to analyze what are the real challenges for the upcoming years. to reconnect with with this generation and what are possible solutions that would bring progressives out.
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i am firmly convinced that the millennial dialogue project is a steady step in this direction. this is a project that aims to give an extract and include in the progressive priorities. with that respect, we have a project, being positive, being participatory, and being progressive. it is to be positive because it is it to change the terms of the current debate. it is to be participatory because it is a gift of the youth and it is to be progressive because it is to support the progressive and social democratic family and acquiring a new connection with the younger generation. what has been done so far, we have conducted so far, until this month more than ten countries report with a number
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of indications on what the younger generation is expecting for from its politics and political system. the approach has been welcomed and recognized as an innovative one and entrusting more partners within the european union and beyond. it has allowed us to cover the majority of the european states and indeed go global. we have so far conducted research in the united states, canada, european union and nearly all european countries, we have now contracted with some countries in latin america like chile and brazil. we have some of the service in africa, especially south africa, inc. kenya, and others, we haven't debate in indian partners to work with younger
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generations in india. it really is a global conversation and global initiative is going on. it is very needed that politicians in politics are looking at this. with that, i would like to conclude with four core questions which i think david lewis from our agency who is doing this research will explain a bit more to you in detail than what has come out so far. the first question question we have to tackle is, how to prove that progressives understand the approach of the millennial's. while responding with the physical program and organize the economy to a political rule and make politics remain in society. the second question we need to tackle is how to create a political project that will appeal to young people's
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idealistic belief that it another world is possible. the third question how to reestablish the link between politics, political culture and culture itself. the fourth question, how to renew the movement so that it presents itself as a real, serious alternative and not a part of a system of the mainstream political consensus. if we work on these on such a positive, progressive, participatory debate i'm convinced the progressive movement, especially in europe can convince again a large part of that younger millennial generation to participate more actively more engaged to its politics. thank thank you very much for your attention. i'd like to introduce david lewis, a london based opinion poll station and they have
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worked with tremendous results already on the table. they will continue also working together on that issue. thank you very much. [applause]. think very much my name is david , and the founder of research company which until recently had a background in music and political research has come about because technology we use to engage with people in the music entertainment industry resonate well with young people. so we start with statistical measurements of thousands of people to on my consumer panels which are managed by networking and we have a global reach of consumers. i'm just explaining that we have this global reach. there's an segmentation and
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identify core groups to speak with. in the case of politics we have gone out to 1000 people in each country other than the u.s., that was 1600 people, and conducted research of 13-34 -year-olds. we are able to bring in on my community represented of the key segments. people who are actively politically engaged in one segment, the the disengaged millennial and another segment, and another people in the middle in the mainstream. we were able to establish a 247 dialogue. 224-seven. to start up a three country project in germany and poland.
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another project was built from there. so much so that the technology that we use for record companies in technology, sports, all of those industries that resonates with politics and we now have a political research department headed up by david kitchen. i just after use of doing research in the music entertainment it is the most fastening project because it is applying technology to really make a difference in people's lives. so you can see on the screen how it works. it is hard for me, i will walk around. we have rigorous research methodology combined with connected technology to engage communities for 24/seven insights.
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we are actually building up a database of millennial's because soon we'll completed up to 20 countries in all continents. will break that down into granular detail. what is most significant finding is that is it interesting cluster of countries were commonality between hungry on certain aspects and canada and germany. there are interesting clusters and interesting cultural differences but the most important, most exciting thing is the strength of commonality and talking to young people around the globe about politics and political engagement. because we have spoken to people in depth for an entire weekend doing questionnaires there is rich data of the survey. i will concentrate on the numbers of what has come out
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over the 12,000 people have talked to. i will concentrate on the u.s. and how it compares and how it is similar different of different territories. we'll start by taking one quote from each of six countries to give you a flavor of the sort of things that is coming out of the study. i think the rich data is in the engagement. in germany, the internet the internet is gaining in popularity and recently with was watches instead of being used to inform young people we are playing apps like dub smash. in italy is been quite common area been without a job for three years and with that my dreams to buy house. i was living at home with my parents and i my partners not even working, at what age will we have children? never, we seem to be looking for work in order to start a family in a family in the years pass. in poland, one of my favorite quotes and poland were to explode in revolution would soon have lots of lights on facebook but no revolution is in the street. something that comes out every
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territory is this where people will like or agree with it, and they feel like they have done something. young people are very self-effacing to recognize that that is not politically active. in bulgaria, politics is a dirty business. bulgaria politicians seek to fill their pockets to fill their own interest and don't care about society. census lines i can i'm member corrupt politicians to have arose and i see no difference in the future. people are not interested in politics because there is nothing that excite them. in hungary, i would like to take part in politics but i'd like to see it has an effect two. if by some wonder and average person gets into an influential person they will be driven away in no time. and from an american, but nicely
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sums up, don't mistake the force of political system with lack of caring about public affairs. what you'll see as we go through the top findings and see how can system america on the same level with other territories and countries. young people are concerned about their future. there really engage with their future and their lives and have a serious interest in politics. they're not engaging with the political systems. political systems for young people across the research seem badly damaged if not completely broken. what is reassuring is that young people really serious about the light. the most impactful discussion i witnessed since we have been running this survey wasn't hungry where young people started to discuss in online communities, the ethics of
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having children. there is a serious discussion in hungary about the problems they're having. is is it morally sensible to have children? that is a horribly bleak picture but it has been something they are starting to have a discussion. what will see as young people have an interest in their lives and making a difference, it's about how we change systems to reflect young people. it has been a huge cognitive shift amongst young people from the digital age away from the way of viewing the world in social media and social platform integration. i will go through the data, i am rushing because we have so much here and i'm conscious of the time. america, when we ask people what they're interested and they did
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not know to start the survey that it was mainly about politics because i thought i was about life in your country and area. so we start talking about your interest. you can see here this picture in america from first to last is very similar across territories with music popping up in every country we researched and new technology coming up thereabouts and that broader social media and higher for people. another thing to look at is politics, that is the low-scoring interest, not just in the u.s. but in the research in its entirety. political engagement, political america we look at the segments in our discussion 16% of america millennial's say they're very interested in politics which is lower than 23% say they are not at all interested in politics. we consider those to be politically disengaged. as for other questions on trend
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countries, looking at america in comparison it is alongside the u.k., just behind in germany, the politics and hungry was particularly pronounced as it was in bulgaria. let me ask, what is important in life? what are the important things in your life? being happy, being a good health, being free to do and say what i want, they are high up on the list. as you'll see the significant thing there taken an interest in politics is the least important factor in the research. throughout all of the territories we talked to taking an interest in politics was 16th or 17th. so very low. interestingly, in america it is the only country where we found a slight uplift among 15 -
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17-year-olds who are very interested in politics. and the other countries we find the younger you go down the scale the less interest there is in politics. in italy of 1000 people we talked to we do not find one respondent of the 15 - 17-year-old said they were very interested in politics. in hungary there were only 20. this is an interesting question, we would have to choose one option. what would you rather be, in your life? in all countries but germany business owner or founder he came top of what people would like to be. entrepreneurial concerned with business, concerned with success, that was the top answer everywhere else except germany. in germany we found being a sportsman was number one aspiration. it was interesting in germany we found a greater sense of
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stability going forward. german economy, german education system people were comfortable that and confident that they were going to have a nice life and maybe an entrepreneur may be. america is supposed to be the biggest laboratory country in the world where being a famous celebrity was coming in second. the interesting thing here is again only 4% of americans say they would like to be a politician, and all of the countries across europe and north america, chile, no one wants to be a politician or very few. happiness with life right now, lots of very serious conversation about and what i
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refer to and hungry, the optimism of the youth. 89% of 15 - of 15-34-year-old millennial's in the state say they are happy. that compares favorably with other countries. hungary was at the bottom. another interesting finding and i found it particularly interesting because before i started this project i assumed that it would be a huge influence young people, constantly connecting with their peers. when you say seriously what the biggest influence of your day to day life, parents and every country has come out way ahead of friends, siblings, but in america, they're more influenced by family compared to the norm and other countries. let me look at data analysis, we
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are picking out active interest, what you actively have an interest in. team sports, one third of people in that compares to taking part of political meetings and protester demonstrations. it is way down there. what factors will affect the quality of your life? the number one factor that america millennial's feel is the u.s. economic situation. what is interesting in the data is despite a lack of personal interest in politics and the political system, americans will use decisions made by politicians is a key thing of their life. they are aware of how influential and important politics will be in effect in their lives but they are not engaging in the system. one interesting thing of the data compared with countries is decisions made by politicians and the u.s. is high where u.s. international decisions is low.
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again, optimism about the future, how, how optimistic are you about your future? this is something you find with young people, my might not be great but there's a determination and energy that life will be good. 8585% are optimistic about their future in the u.s. generation gap, did you you want to say something about the generation gap involvement in politics in their parents and grandparents be met yes will put some historical context on the historic gold generation gap. with regard to politics and culture, and the surveys we found there is a perception among millennial's that we do not have the same things to fight for that our parents or grandparents generation had. in germany, or pulling, there is
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about communist legacy sub millennial parents were young with the berlin wall existed, those reasonable organization. there is movements around the vietnam war and a greater sense of need to mobilize around politics. there was not really satisfaction about the case that there are issues to fight for. there is a wide rate of alienation and polarization and were commonalities, their stark contrast in specific areas. we noticed a significant rise in jenna phobia and hungry for example. there is a link and how the economic so for example in
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countries you think was a aaa credit rating there was some more interest in politics. there's very much evident hierarchy of need and how millennial's view politics and what is important for them. >> think we isolated the people who said they had no interest in voting, one of the key reasons for not wanting to vote, in the u.s., it was no interest in politics ahead of lack of trust in politicians. that was a difference across countries because they're tended to be a lack of politicians was the number one factor. key factors that might encourage u.s. millennial's to vote if my vote really made a difference, that contrast was out of the country.
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a grin with these statements 60% of u.s. millennial thing politicians ignore the views of young people. 62% of young americans feel politicians are more concerned about older people than younger. over half feel politicians want to control and restrict young people. the fact contributing to voting decisions in the u.s., what was interesting here when you ask young people what you think would actually affect your decision of who to vote for if you're going to vote? it's it's traditional media, all the things you think about in the way the arguments for political campaigns had to pan out. we look at how young person will begin to engage with their peers it is a different picture, is about use of social media and connectivity. we'll see that in a moment.
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one thing a trend that comes out that people are interested in issues that have a link to politics. this is in translation to political participation. there is a jaundiced view towards parties and institutions that seem to be inaccessible, they seem to be favorable to older generation it's more hierarchy. or single issue campaigns that have a direct linear relationship from start to finish and you can see the success that is achieved. there is a challenge in translating this, we have used two cultural change. , one is really mobilize using
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the means that millennial's identified as something they would use the campaign. the other is the marriage equality campaign and which made use of everything from local organization and mobilization at community level through celebrity. then to make sure everyone knew about it so it would want others to go vote two. there some speculation as to what will attract more preservation with justin trudeau becoming prime minister in canada and younger charismatic leaders in leadership. president obama is an example of it. but among a lot of the respondents in our survey is not
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specifically just these boxes that they want to have checked. it is a feeling and desire of authenticity in politics. it is not specifically the age of the leaders that matter. it is the projection of related ability of off the intensity. >> it is interesting in britain the two most popular politicians are young people, the two who could not be more politically apart but they have charisma and honesty that young people find they can engage with because they think they are who they say they are. it is fascinating that young people think that. young people in terms of political structures and system just want transparency. they went to a dialogue that is now possible through social media.
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>> so coming to that point what things would be extremely useful to you, as young people for building your political campaign? they are not expecting that in electoral campaigns particularly, if they're are starting a political campaign social media would be up there alongside powerful media, tv, et cetera. and the quality of research we got young people building and what kind of messaging you would use. what we are finding in the research is the answers to engaging young people come from young people they need to write the script. we need to get politicians involved in listening in a two-way dialogue. that dialogue needs to involve young people in terms of calling people to political action.
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we talk about high-priority spending in the u.s. was very consistent with the other countries in terms of actual things that come to the top, education, healthcare, there are central issues. did you central issues. did you want to say something about? >> this goes again to the focus of the quality of the economy and socialist in the country. it is reflective in our research , if there is a stable label market there are more issues than jobs. only one third of americans felt they could have their opinion heard if they wanted to. young young people generally don't feel empowered to be heard. next few if any politicians
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encourage young people to get involved in politics. what should politicians work for an to what extent should they deliver what they're working for? in every country we found the number one thing from a young person's perspective a politician should be doing is ensuring the best possible future for young people. as you can see most of the other things the politicians are doing is perceived as to how well politicians are doing. the only place it was great where's germany where there is more praise of what politicians achieve. other countries we see this lack of ensuring of a future for young people be in the key thing. the only thing is building and maintaining strong military focus and that is what politicians seem to do better.
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in terms of gender and sexual orientation without huge support for gender and sexual equality. norway was the highest, u.s. 80%. hungary was the lowest of the country. from from young person perspective that is an important issue. in the research we are building communication, how would young people begin to message the importance of racism. it's not a creative suggestion for campaign but an essential messaging that young people should hear. young people need to vote, as their future. this is what comes out at the top of the message. we also say, in america there is
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definitely a call for more women in politics. the gender balance is important. finally, and i'm conscious of time, the fact fact that it would encourage more millennial's to vote. first about the ability to vote on my, i know there has been problems with online voting in holly, their things texted and shelved for security issues. there are debates about whether it is right for voting to bmi. from a young person's perspective and perspective and across the research is just a matter of when. it has to happen, if their problems they need to fix them because because we need to be able to vote online. what about the ability to vote more places, would that help? shopping malls, airports, train stations, and just be able to go to cast your vote more widely, young people are saying they'll
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be irrelevant once we could vote on my because that's how we would vote. those eligible to vote who are you register, and the u.s. 70% have registered. the ability to vote in advance, what, what about if you could vote several weeks or months in a dance with that encourage more young people to vote? we found there is support other than in hungry for longer. to vote. will he talked about this in the research if we excluded the idea of months it would be higher. people think you should be up to vote for weeks but not months. should voting be be compulsory by law? definitely not that does not seem to fit with democracy. that was was widely rejected in all countries. should 16 and 17-year-olds be given the opportunity to vote. note was note was the answer and every country. you have 52% of people saying
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they should not be able to vote they were concerned about whether they knew enough or were experienced enough to vote. in the u.k. we did research not long after we had a referendum where 16 and 17 -year-olds could vote. that got a lot of media attention. generally people feel that 16 and 17 is too young. that is the headlines of the research. i think where 1010 minutes behind schedule, thank you very much. [applause]. thank you so much i would like to introduce matt brown who is going to facilitate this panel discussion. matt is a senior fellow for the american progress and runs the global progress program which
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works with institutions around the world on developing progressive governments and progressive. thank you matt for doing this. that has also been a thought partner in this process. i appreciate his guidance as we go through this, i will turn it over to. >> thank you for the passing presentation. i will quickly introduce the three new panelists that we have joining us, we have a member of parliament from the democratic party in italy, also we have hillary who is the lead for the volunteer mobilization and liberal party of canada. we have layla who is the
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communication director at generation progress that leaves a variety of campaigns including a trip. this has been a hugely successful campaign that you correlated with the white house but it is not a political campaign. if you can explain to us what is the source of that success, will how do you run a campaign that involves high-level politicians yet transcends political divides? what is the secret to success. >> so thank you matt, i think we can all agree the issue of campus sexual assault is a tremendous problem. we have one in five women will be sexually assaulted by the time she
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graduates. one and 16 men, and most of most of the time it is by someone they know. the scope of the problem is huge which is why the white house launched a passport to investigate the growing number of incidents on campus. one of the things the task force found was by standard intervention. training people to feel empowered to step in and do something if they saw something happening. we partnered with them and others to launch the campaign which is about that really. empowering people to think about campus sexual assault is something they have a responsibility to do something about. if you see something happening and you don't do something to stop at your are part of the problem as well. we want to make sure were giving you tools to be part of the solution. we are fortunate to work with the white house on this. is very much a cultural change campaign and not with legislative agenda.
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again trying to reframe this idea of making it your responsibility to do something about campus sexual assault. >> i think we reach out to a lot of cultural influencers to first broadcast that message and so anyone from kerry washington to the president and vice president are supporters of the campaign. we have had millions of views on our psa's, to say the reach of the message has been huge. we also have an intense focus on making sure people are embracing the message and it is not just a psa campaign. it is something we want people to take in use and implement on their campus. to empower each other to step in and do something.
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working with these cultural influencers has allowed us to spread the message far and wide. we put the toolkit online, we made the local downloadable, we gave the tools to the people we want to run the campaigns on their campus entrusted them with the tools. given that trust to the young people has empowered them to take the campaign and run with it. that is what made it successful. >> what is the definition of success for you? how do you measure success if it is a cultural change? >> to be honest, it is hard to measure the success of cultural change. we have great numbers in terms of how far the message has been reaching. at the end of the day the campaign is about stopping campus sexual assault. if nobody ever gets raped again that we have succeeded and it is great. to dial it back a bit, we like to normalize by standard and it
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is something a given on college campuses. outside of college campuses as well. i think i think of the example of a designated driver. twenty or 30 years ago that was not really a thing that people thought about if you're going to go on have drinks and socialize you didn't think about having a designated driver. and out now through work and campaigning that is a given. if you're going to be drinking with your friends you have a designated driver. that is a similar parallel with what we're trying to do it by standard intervention and empowering people to read praying the issue of campus sexual assault. secondly working with people to continue the grassroots movement as they continue to have conversations on campuses and engage each other. making sure the schools are
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responding well and institutionalizing that from a university level. i would say that would definitely be a success. >> thank you. looking at the campaigns towards the political campaigns, the research presented say the younger generation of millennial's are becoming much less affiliated with a political party. when when you're looking at this, i remember a poll that came out just before an election and they basically set up young people vote justin trudeau wins. those essentially the message. what technique did you use in canada with the liberal party to encourage people to come out and vote? >> a lot of what was done in the presentation is that we relied upon. it was more of the issues and
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about identity. people were were coming to the liberal party because of the platform policies that laid out, that is what we use to connect with people. one of the things that is important to take away is that youth is not a special interest group. they are diverse groups. there's a youth with young families, youth and school, there is there is no secret sauce to mobilizing youth. it is based on real relationships, not not transactional relationships that only come around once an election. we started building prior campaign about a year and a half out and we really mobilized people around issues that matter to them. started by talking to people in finding out what they are interested in. what issues concern them, and then talking about how different policies could impact their lives. one of the things that made it,
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they opened up special voting centers on college campuses to advance the polls for early voting. and made it easier for young people and mostly on university campuses and so that's a group that generally has a low participation in the pole. so not making making it about a liberal, conservative, democrat, so just talking about what you care about and using personal stories and giving people tools to mobilize their own community. >> can we dig deeper into that last point you made about the tools. the strategies, techniques, tactics or particular forms that allow people to organize better than others? or could you not generalize there either?
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>> i think it's about doing the real work and having conversations with people being authentic and honest. being in places where young people are. prime minister trudeau did the talk and i think that was something that a lot of people were interested in. they went to that force for a lot of their news and their interests. i don't think you can generalize because it is a diverse audience and it is about making candidates making sure they are accessible and open and having conversations with people once before hand. >> from a candidates point, david mention is that a lot of people who are successful are the young charismatic leaders.
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yet obama and zero eight, you you have trudeau now, do you think that is a factor and partly of your success? >> i think both. i think think people want to see themselves reflected in their leadership, that plays a part. if people are not the centric and people don't believe this person will do it they say or is not a real person, that trickles down to the candidates, the volunteers, the people who are doing the organizing. everyone has to find their own voice and reason for becoming involved in politics. that authenticity says what that person cares maybe i should care to. >> you are a real person a politician. at least you seem to be from where i'm sitting. what is a light from the inside? how? how does it feel to run? >> the kind of experience is a big difference from what you spoke until now.
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we were elected with a strong mandate from all people to crash all politics. so we were not elected by young people i would say. when we compare, we have to be honest, when we comparing 2013 we are not so gray heads, young people did not vote like the democratic party. they went but we ended up with a very young parliament is the youngest parliament elected in italy since the beginning of the republic so since the end of the world war. we do have a mandate to respond
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to the quotes that we had. let's say two and half million young people in italy do not work, do not not study, and are not in training. we were elected to change politics. i think this is our challenge. so more than complaining, i think we have to look at the work we do, to ace, on the one side what are the issues that move us? we come from different parties and we did a lot of work on unemployment. we strongly felt that was our mandate so we have a problem in italy certainly so as you see young people do not vote because of what government delivered. also they feel involved.
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that is the second part of our mandate. it is more challenging i would say which is involving young people in politics which is what we're talking about. in a different way because one way of all people in politics the other issues how to get people involved in everyday politics and taking responsibility. i think it is my experience, first of all that you have to set an example. if you let people your age to vote you have to do the work so conversing in the streets. we opened up shop in the middle of my constituency. >> ..
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you are. >> the good thing is that you put yourself into a position to change things. no party asks you to lie. but the main idea that young people have -- if they are volunteers they are asked to lie. so the second lesson that i had to show young people our age that they have the possibility to do things and try out what they are really passionate about so that there can be possibilities and they can have
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a possibility of doing things. >> i want to come back and ask, when we were discussing this shift from campaigning with what we experienced in 2008 and what some people may have said was a disappointment and there were not enough things for people to do to help the governor's agenda, are you thinking about this? is the government comes in, and what is your thinking on that remark. >> for sure, that definitely part of it. we are mobilizing more people to get involved in politics and how do we go forth with that and how do we keep people engaged. first because they want to be engaged and also they would help the democratic process continue because people think that we only wanted to engage with them because there is an election and
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that is not going to speak well for us and so a lot of the ideas in this stuff was successful because we learn from each other. and we would say we have this, it was very effective, i think we have a lot to learn from our grassroots community and so it's definitely something that has been actively talked about and how do we do that moving forward with their constituents and also other areas where we didn't necessarily win but we engage a lot of people. >> from the research, what is it that people are asking for a rematch when it comes to their involvement. >> we have engaged with them and it is a dialogue. and we are talking about the need for this because it is the
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21st century. don't just use it as another form of lecturing. you have to do it properly which is why you need young people in both sides of the discussion who know how to use social media and connect with young people. so when you're asking young people and making suggestions, i think that's a point that we can just touch on, you can't just leave it to a few months or a need for an election to suddenly change because you need to have this genuine dialogue all the time and it needs to be an initiative rather than a campaign. because young people, there needs to be a lot more people creating a very genuine
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engagement. and so these are young people that are completely part of the political spectrum. >> opening up to people. i just want to go back to something that you said earlier about doing things, the fact that you and your young colleagues worked together on an employment opportunity. has that changed the perception of young people and the fact that you can collaborate with members of different parties to do things for them? have you seen a change in the way people feel about you, have you managed to show them the more together and actually achieve things?
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>> it was really hard, it was a very difficult time. there was a sense of a divide between a grassroots movement and the populist party. but we thought that it was worth a try to try to engage them and we do engage them on specific issues and so it is so terrible especially with young people between the ages of 18 and 29 years old. so we needed to give this response to that. but that does not translate so we have to be honest.
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>> let's talk to the gentleman in the front row here. do we have a microphone? >> i would likely asked the issue about climate change. , as is the future. >> i think it's definitely an issue that young people care about, but it is on us as people who are reading these movements and if they want to have a conversation about it to engage them in a productive conversation and work with them. i think working on this perspective why that has been successful is because we kind of have structured a model that is
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very much outside of the traditional political system to plug into a movement where they are the agents of change, but i think that it's something that is applicable to any number of climate change concluded. >> i think he you may have just missed something in the five is definitely up there and they're certainly discussion groups. the lady at the back there. >> hello, i'm a junior studying here is part of the program and my question is even that we have representatives from across the transatlantic policy perspective, what would you say is the collaboration that we might need to move the needle and engage millennialist.
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[laughter] >> i think that what really struck me is that even in different countries we do have the same challenges with similar solutions. we have successes with young people like the leaders that we spoke about. and we should develop this with young people. and there is a big difference between this and the grassroots movement to revise the whole idea of the process in the which is something that we had in different parts of the european
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countries. demonstrating that that process is meaningful today. and so i think that there are some issues, one is climate change and the second one is issues like migration and stability that do require more progressive policies like human trafficking control and a stronger assertion of human rights, i think that these are issues that in my country are part of young people. >> how are people feeling about the refugee crisis. and how does that come out in the research. >> usually there is a big young people movement, helping out in
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the street where these people arrive. there is a big personal involvement. it is also respect to those kinds of instances where young people go and do things and we should be there with them to help and that dean in an institution you can do much more so you can be multitasking. >> i think what is also interesting about what you just said is that you are doing kind of something outside of passing legislation that is in the health like delivering food or something. and it's using your position and your giant microphone to engage other people. by making real social change.
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>> we have been unfolding as the research has been progressing. we are finding a consistent picture are talking about immigration in a positive way. they enjoy being part of the multicultural surprise. however we found in certain countries that there are certain concerns and i think in general what we have picked up is that younger people are more frustrated with the lack of initiatives and kind of coming-out and humanitarian and they have began to push for change. and so we have found more resistance and concerned than
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earlier on. >> did that play a role in the canadian campaign to . >> it was a uncle's family, but they did have relatives in canada and i think that they started the official immigration process and i think it did play into the election and people were very concerned. at one point of the election that is where partisanship kind of toned down which was nice to see. and so i think that was one of our key campaign promises to have over 25,000 refugees before the end of the year. so i think that one thing the last couple of days is that refugees needs to be an
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opportunity and now the government is trying to push forward. >> hello, i'm a policy advisor. what we are experiencing now in europe, we talked about the issue of authenticity and how important it is and of course this is the right way to go. you don't just engage with young people, you have to be doing this and long-term. what we see in the states is politicians being lured by the powers of populism and that is another shiny way of engaging with young people. and in certain countries we see
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that this medium is thoughtful, politicians engage with younger people because they found emotional, they found populace. and that is a way to be popular amongst younger generations as well. so i just wanted to get an opinion across the panel on how difficult it is to not go down this road of populism. and appear authentic and this time. it is definitely popular. >> i think we have a strong responsibility. especially in europe we do have a strong request from young
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people and they are grounded requests, it's not like it used to be in the past. that includes the possibility of having children is going to be lowered and we do have that responsibility and i think that they are not doing that. they are not using a productive way. this until in the sense younger generations show that it is less politically motivated and a sense been ideologically motivated. they are a lot more realistic and it's up to whoever to be
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able to take this out of the request and make this doable. >> are they attracted to the millennial generation? >> yeah, i mean, on your point about having a responsibility to be authentic, i think what is important is to be true to what the angle is and again i'm going to speak about the campaign, which is different than being a candidate in the issue we are organizing around and so it's actually that disillusionment with the institution that even
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makes a campaign possible in the first place and that it is operating kind of outside the normal legislative process to make a change here and then bring the politicians in after, you know, making a cultural change and so it is realistic to have an answer to the problem. and so that includes organizing around a specific issue, what is so valuable is to have not just one kind of populist answer but to have a chorus of voices on the same message and i think that it's that kind of mosaic and rich tapestry of voices promoting the same message that increases the likelihood that you are going to relate to one of them and find the message relatable. so in terms of the populism idea, i think that bringing in more people to have different perspectives is what really
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brings in a wider swath of people. [inaudible] and so feeling that we need to do a much better job of listening and having that two-way dialogue. i haven't heard you talk about personal entrepreneurship because maybe i missed it. but my sense is that there are smart untransformed governments,
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social entrepreneurs, businesses and solutions collaborative way. and so i think the colonials are really less interested in institutions and hierarchy and more interested in being action oriented and that is what you have said as well. so my question is where is the social entrepreneurship in the equation. my feeling is that governments are and politicians are behind the curve. that a lot of the challenges are being addressed globally rather than going out and tackling them and they are led by younger people. and that governments and people are trying to stay up and they are a little bit out of date. i would like to chat about that and get perspective.
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>> i think that young people should be involved at every level. and that we should be encouraging systems. >> i think it has come down that 80% of young people would like to start their own business. that's more of an attitude with life rather than just a specific sector of their engagement for their future life. so i do agree that young people have a for sharing attitude and the way that they are and i think that the great challenge is how to integrate this which is a lot more modern and away
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from the selection of candidates and of course we had to make it more flexible to accommodate the society that needs individuals to be more empowered to do things. so i think that be able to have young people and express the potential in these sharing ways that they work. >> i think one of the things that we were able to really do is empower people to say that this is who i am and this is what i care about and it's not so much that i want to be me being involved in politics as i would like to bring about change
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it wasn't that they really identified with us as a party but maybe as a particular policy that we were pushing for and i think that was really important. i think the challenge for us is to continue the dialogue and make sure that it is a two-way conversation as i said and that it's not just sort of, you know, we said we would do this, so now we are going to do this, but things happen and change and now we always have to keep that conversation going and that's what we have to focus on. >> yes, i think that when i saw the data, almost 20% of young people want to start their own business and take kind of like challenges into their own hands and solve them. i think that one of the western you want to answer is how this government institutions, how do we support that kind of initiative and how do we keep them and the momentum going
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while still working towards engaging people more and also kind of fixing this broken system to allow them to thrive. >> i think that politics stands out as a bit of a dinosaur when it comes to this in their a lot of works with industry set or is it have middle managers there as well and very often it is the millennial is it really hold the answers and who people say is this possible, can we do this. so i think that politics may have this image, that if i don't get involved in that light actually be engaged or capable or will i have to start and put my way through this group.
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because i think that reflects the figures that we see young people considering being politicians. i think he would've asked that question 10 or 20 years ago it could have been much more exciting. >> i think one thing that was exciting for us is that we ran a data center campaign and we were using databases and technology in terms of management that really sort of took the hierarchy of other things. because people that were younger tended to be more technologically savvy than that really made a difference in engaging young people in the campaign. so i'm going to tell you how to do things just in terms of what we were trying to do and it was more applicable and young people
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seemed to take two more quickly. >> we are running out of time, just making one quick comment there. >> hello, i have a question. >> this is needed and it's wonderful what people all over i've been coming to. it demands a fair answer from politics in what has to be done. and my kids are studying at the university and there is no space anymore available because all sports are full of refugees and this is a magnitude of those that demand that the young
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generation is doing so much and that we need a european answer. >> i would like if everyone could just join me in thanking our panelists with what i thought would be a wonderful discussion. >> as i said at the beginning, i hope this is the beginning of a conversation, we are really excited about thinking how we as young people can push the institutions that we work with to be more receptive to our generation. so i think that we have a responsibility to think about how we push politics and politicians and i think that example about data being he an equalizer is an incredibly
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important one. and we can actually prove that things can be successful, whatever those tactics and tools are that we can share with other campaigns and young people who are engaging in the political process of the day can be more successful and push those institutions both from the inside and outside and i think that pressure of pushing social change and then pushing it from the inside we can actually get to the place where the values and the issues that young people care about her being affected in >> today, a meeting titled "millennial's and the gop."
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is live at 1:00 p.m. eastern on c-span 2. c-span has the best access to congress. watch live coverage of the house on c-span and the senate on c-span 2. listen live anytime on our c-span radio app. get the best access from behind the scenes by following our reporter craig kaplan on twitter. >> next, a look at the u.s. supreme court. the efforts to combat extremism. then, "q&a" with stacy schiff.
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now, the united states supreme court under chief justice john roberts. they look at the decisions that have been made and the legacy he is building. this is about one hour and 20 minutes. rachel: we provide a forum for rigorous debate on issues from law and legal policy. thatis the administration brought diverse legal policy. it continues to provide informative and provocative programming on a variety of legal issues through the area.
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i am chairman of the litigation process group. plan to the panel you are about to hear. we have 15 practice groups divided by subject matter. they are responsible for a large portion of the programs hosted throughout the year. interested, you can find me afterwards. i have been asked to remind you that these are being live streamed. in person,ot be here you don't have to miss out entirely. with that, i would like to turn to our topic today. i am very delighted with the panel we have put together. i am looking forward to this discussion. come fromsts ar
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diverse backgrounds. thank you all for being here. to ourturn it over moderator from the u.s. court of appeals from the ninth circuit. thank you. [applause] moderator: thank you, rachel for that introduction. for the 10 years that chief justice roberts has led the court, we have seen decisions that have affected important aspects of our cultural, religious, and political lives. our panel will discuss and deal not only with the chief justice, process the nomination and what effect he has had on the other justices and whether it should be called roberts court or perhaps the kennedy --rt, or perhaps
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in the ninth circuit, we refer to it as the court of reversal because over those 10 years, the supreme court has reversed the ninth circuit and 78% of the appeals it excepted from our circuit. [applause] paraphrase a funder solicitor general, it has been suggested could open a petition by saying, this is a petition to review a judgment of the court of appeals from the ninth circuit and there are other reasons also to begin. [laughter] enough about the ninth circuit. thepanelists will discuss important decisions which are seen as consistent with the judicial philosophy of the robertsou


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