tv NSA Director Michael Rogers on Cybersecurity CSPAN December 20, 2015 3:02am-3:42am EST
rogues gallery. two of these three have convictions. can you pick? >> we will all be looking forward to nsa 21. to all of you and all who made it possible, have a good evening. drive safely, happy holidays. announcer: next, homeland security secretary jeh johnson outlines changes to the national terror alert system. reserve chair janet yellen announces a hike in the interest rate. after that a house hearing on u.s. pakistan relations. announcer: on a next washington journal, a political roundtable on the 26 in campaign with democratic pollsters stefan hankin and the public and pollster kelly and conway. later marc ginsberg, former ambassador to morocco talks about the president's strategy
to combat isis. as always, we will take your calls and you can join the conversation on faith again twitter. washington journal live at 7:00 a.m. eastern on c-span. >> the reagan narrative was he weight, grade b actor with premature orange hair , which is what gerald ford said about him in 1976. he is turning prematurely orange. even with all of the discussions of the administration, the historians consistently rated reagan low. i believe out of ideological bison -- bias. >> he discusses his book, last act. a look at ronald reagan's life after leaving the white house. >> i grew up in the 1980's. it was the time for us. i write about the facts. i'll make things up.
-- i don't make things that. i don't believe they make things up. inhink we have succeeded repositioning people's thinking about ronald reagan so the picture that emerges is of a very serious, deep thinking, considerate solicitous man announcer: tonight at 8:00 eastern on q&a. >> all persons having business before the honorable supreme court of the united states have promised to go there and get their attention. announcer: monday, on c-span's landmark cases, we will look at the case on one of the most divisive issues to come before the supreme court, abortion. >> row against wade was decided in january 1973. isis a case that controversial, constantly under
, and there is a question i suppose whether it will ever cease to be under scrutiny. announcer: wanting to terminate an unwanted pregnancy, but able -- unable to because of a state law banning abortion. workered dallas carnival agreed to be a plaintiff in a case that challenged the law. requesting to remain anonymous, the lawsuit listed her as jane roe. the defendant charged with enforcing the ban was dallas county district attorney, henry wade. well she had the baby and put it up for adoption, her case made it to the supreme court. >> jane go, the pregnant woman had gone to several dallas physicians seeking an abortion, that had refused -- been refuse care because of a law. she files on behalf of herself and all of those women who have
in the past, at the present time, or in the future would seek termination of a pregnancy. announcer: we will discuss the court's decision in robie wade, its impact to then and now. , clarke guests forsythe. thessa murray, professor at university of california -- live law school, and sunday night on c-span, c-span3, and c-span radio. for background on each case will you watch, order your copy of landmark cases companion book. it is available for a dollars $.95 plus shipping at the span.org/landmark cases. announcer: on wednesday, homeland security secretary, jeh johnson talked about revision to the current national terror alert system that informs the
public of potential threat. he also outlined increased security measures that will be taken in the coming weeks. secretary johnson spoke at fema headquarters in washington dc. it is about 30 minutes. jeh johnson: particularly over the last few weeks after the attack in san bernardino on to second, officials of homeland security, the fbi, the intelligence committee, state and local law enforcement and homeland security officials have been on a heightened state of readiness to protect our homeland. people are anxious now.
they should know, and they need to know what their government is doing to protect our homeland. first, as the president explained on monday at the engaged in aare bombing campaign against the islamic state. to take thesyria fight directly to that terrorist organization. training anduded equipping ground forces in iraq and syria. fbi,law enforcement, the does an excellent job virtually every day of detecting, investigating, and addicting, and prosecuting and preventing terrorist threats to our homeland. arrests are made on a really basis. three, aviation security. since last year, we have enhanced aviation security at my
direction at last point of departure airports overseas with flight directly to the unites states. i am pleased to announce that other nations have followed with near identical enhancements to aviation security. july i gave the new administrator of tsa a 10 point plan for improving aviation security and airport screening. -- in airport screening, domestically. that plan has been and is being of limited on schedule. -- implemented on schedule. earlier this year, tsa and i issued guidance with regard to airport security. more guidance on airport security is forthcoming. in response to the crash of metrojet 9268, i directed further aviation security at certain airport in that region
with respect to items brought on aircraft. an inspection and evaluation of airports in the region. potential regard to travel and immigration to the u.s. of those who may be suspected of terrorism, last year and again this year i directed a series of security enhancements to our so-called visa waiver program. i am pleased that congress is also involved in this effort to strengthen our ability to enhance the security of our visa waiver program. we routinely deny boarding and travel to those with potential terrorist connections into the country. at the state department, and at the department of homeland security we have in place now a
multilayered, thorough process for vetting refugees. for refugees with settlement in the country. this is particularly true with regard to iraqi and syrian refugees. the process is multilayered, thorough, and takes on average 18-24 months. that is for every refugee. this includes consulting databases, and agencies in the law enforcement and intelligence community. as you heard the other night, the president has directed the state department and the department of homeland security to also conduct a review of the k-1 visa process. visas for fiances which we are doing. under my leadership as secretary we in fact began to consult social media in connection with conferring various immigration
benefit. we will be doing more of this. any reports or partial reports to the contrary are simply false. five, since last year, we enhanced our federal protective service at a number of federal buildings around the country. six, we continue to share information with state and local law enforcement around us country -- this country with regard to what we are seeing at the federal and international level. the director and i routinely do this. we be doing this later this week -- will be doing this later this week. seven, we continue to share information with private stakeholders such as business organizations, sports fornizations, the ncaa example, the nba, the nfl, for the same purpose. to share what it is we see.
as should be obvious to the public this holiday season in particular, there is a heightened security and law enforcement presence at public events and public places across the country. law-enforcement, national security, homeland security, personnel are working overtime to protect the american public and to the -- protect the homeland. nine, we are building relationships with muslim communities across this country. we are calling upon muslim communities and muslim leaders to in effect, if you see something, say something. isil has targeted muslim communities across this country. we are building bridges with muslim communities, encouraging them to work with us and working with them. these are just some of the things we're doing to protect
the homeland. awareness,, public public vigilance, and for dissipation are important to homeland security. this is what brings me here today. about ourd public homeland security efforts and what we see can help. to the colornt bars, everyone remembers the color bars, the elevated. one of the issues with the color bars is there was very little public commentary to go with them. there is a certain de-escalation factor here. once you elevate, it is difficult to deescalate. in 2011 we did away with these. we created the national terrorism advisory system.
the national terrorism advisory system has two levels. an elevated alert, and an imminent alert. the system has never been deployed. it depends upon for an elevated alert, a credible terrorist threat. which in the of lamenting guidelines mean something very specific. an imminent alert warns of a credible, specific and -- impending terrorist threat against the united state. -- states. this in my judgment is not work in the current threat environment. it depends upon a specific, credible terrorist threat to something in homeland. -- the homeland. the system has never been deployed, it is time we change the system. this is what we are doing today. we are creating an intermediate level to the system that
includes an in task bulletin which describes general developments or trends regarding threats to terrorism. we do this in public speeches, and public statements. we do this for law enforcement, with joint intelligence bulletins. we do this on a periodic basis. there are news leaks, anonymous sources from national security and law enforcement. we want to put in one place for the public to see what we are seeing, concerning the homeland, and what we are doing about it, and what the public can do about it. today we are creating this new, intermediate level to the system, called, and ntas listen. -- bulletin. this in aver used to four year history of the system. this is an elevated alert, which
again, depends on incredible, specific threat. -- a credible specific threat. this is the template for a bulletin. we are announcing this today. this is general information for the public about the current threat environment, what we see. additional details, what the government is doing about it, and how the public can help. announcement we are also issuing an actual ntas bulletin. the duration of this bulletin and these bulletins should have a duration, will be six months. to june 16, 2016 from today. summary, what we are informing the public today, and this bulletin, which we will issue today is the following -- we are in a new phase in the global terrorist threat which has implications on the homeland.
of --ularly with the rise terrorist groups by the internet to inspire and recruit. we are concerned about the self radicalized actors who could strike with little or no notice. recent attacks and attempted attacks internationally and in the homeland or it increased increased- warrant security as well as public vigilance and awareness. we know of no intelligence that is both specific and credible at this time of a plot by terrorist organizations to attack the homeland. the reality is terrorist inspired individuals have conducted or attempted to conduct attacks in the u.s. this year. dhs is especially concerned that terrorists inspired individuals and homegrown violent extremists may be encouraged or inspired to target public events or places.
as we saw in the recent attacks in certain -- san bernardino and paris, terrorists will consider a diverse and wide selection of target for attacks. -- targets for attacks. also concerned about threats and violence directed at particular communities and individuals across the country based on perceived religion, ethnicity, or nationality. dhs and the fbi are providing additional guidance to state and local partners on increased security measures. should expect an increased presence of law enforcement across the communities in the weeks ahead. more stringent security should also be anticipated at public places and events. this may include a heavy police presence, additional restrictions and searches on bags, and the use of screening technologies.
the fbi is investigating potential terrorism related activities associated with this rot that -- broad threat throughout the u.s.. federal, state, and local authorities are coordinating numerous law enforcement actions and committee outreach to address this evolving threat. communityn help -- leaders, coworkers, friends, and family can help by reorganizing -- recognizing signs of potential radicalization to violence. for more information visit ns i.ncirc.gov. report threat forces vicious activity to the fbi or local authorities. contact information for fbi field offices can be found at fbi.gov contact -- u.s./field. stay informed. the u.s. government will provide additional information about any
emerging threat as additional information is identified, and not necessarily on a six-month timeline. the public is encouraged to listen to law enforcement and public safety officials. finally, we urge the color to continue to travel, attend public events, and associate with others, but remain vigilant and aware of surroundings while doing so, particularly during the holiday. this is the bulletin we will be issuing today. we want the public to have this. it will be on the dhs website. we want the public to be aware. we also want people public to be aware of all of the things that those of us at homeland security, law-enforcement, national security, are doing on their behalf. questions. >> secretary johnson, what is the process for issuing these
bulletins? he will they be issued to? what about concerns about too much information for people to digest? jeh johnson: this bulletin is one page. i read almost all of it to you. it is important we give the public concise, but accurate information to the full extent can that is that we not classified or law enforcement sensitive. we believe an informed public is good for public safety and homeland security. this will be on a website, it will not just be there friday. a consultant on a ongoing basis about how they can help and how they can stay informed. this is part of the mission and homeland security in my view. yes, ma'am. , is isisthe attack operating in the u.s.? jeh johnson: there are a number of investigations by the fbi of potential plots.
those who may be involved in plotting are planning terrorist attacks. as i have said, the new environment that we are in includes not only the potential for terrorist directives, but terrorists inspired attacks. as the fbi director and i have said many times, many times what we are concerned about our copycat like attacks. those who are self radicalized may be inspired to commit terrorist attacks. regrettably we have seen that in recent months and weeks. that is the focus of the homeland security efforts. you, just to be clear was there any ever rule that prohibits immigration agents from screening social media on the fiancee visas? provided evidence that isis was infiltrating refugees, do believe that it's credible?
do you think they have done that successfully? jeh johnson: two questions two answers, first, part of my time as secretary, we have policies in place regarding consulting social media. judgment,y particularly in this current environment, we are too restrictive. we began to consult social media with regard to certain immigration benefits. we began that earlier this year. very early this year. i think we need to do more. there is open source, there is also private. there are postings, there are communications involving u.s. persons there are some legal limits to what we can do, but it is also worth of the sizing --
emphasizing, when we do the vetting we consult law enforcement and consulting databases. consulting social media, that since i have been secretary is something we need to do. we have begun that. with regard to the second question, we do have to be concerned about the possibility that a terrorist organization may seek to exploit our refugee resettlement process. that is true of this country, and every other country that accepts refugees. that is why we have in place a very thorough, multilayer process for evaluation of refugees. i think it is worth emphasizing that the burden of proof is always on the refugee, the applicant. in the absence of information we
either for that application will, or we deny it -- application on hold, or we deny it. this is something we continually evaluate, we provide additional enhancements with regards to those refugees from iraq and syria. we will continue to evaluate if more is necessary. inwas there a secret policy 2014 to prevent screening of malik before she entered the u.s.? jeh johnson: that would not be accurate. i will not comment on an open investigation. i will leave that to the fbi. as i am sure you have seen, catherine, there have been a number of public reports that whatever postings she did, whatever communication she had, she did so under an alias. we have in place the ability to
screen by consulting intelligence communities, consulting law enforcement consistent with law. we do that when we believe the circumstances warrant. we will continue that. can you tell agency is building a bulletin -- jeh johnson: this involves a process of consulting the fbi definitely and another number of agencies of law enforcement and security. is to beere with these able to issue these promptly. if we see a new environment we will not necessarily wait until june sick teen to issue another one. if we think the environment has changed, but my goal is that we have a process. we can issue one of these on a day's notice, if we believe
circumstances warrant it. in the past come october 2014 for example, after the attack, i issued a public statement about the things we are doing to protect the homeland. happy public and health, and what we're seeing. that was a public statement on a sporadic basis. we need to institutionalize that process in this current environment. that is what we are doing here today with this new level of bulletin that does not depend upon a specific, credible threat. class -- >> what was the moment when you realize that the old system was not quite working the way it should? the hours and days after the paris attack, we heard officials , some months ago there had been iods over the last 12, 13
months where we considered using that prices. jeh johnson: as of the guidelines -- because of the guidelines, i did not think we quite reach the bar -- reached the bar. i thought we are not quite right. a little bit concerning in the current environment. some months ago we decided we needed a new level to provide public with information about what we are seeing. a lot of it is self-evident. public,share with the not on a sporadic basis. not to news leaks of communications with law enforcement. the public has this >> you can see how the public would be concerned where officials are saying in the aftermath of those attacks, knows as if it, credible that in san bernardino. can you see why people are anxious and concerned. the government seems to
jeh johnson: that is a good observation. highlights the new environment we are in which includes the very real prospect of terrorist inspired attacks that can happen with little or no notice. model are relying upon a for how we inform the public that does not accurately take account of the current environment which is why in the us, it isf a lot of important to create this new level of information for the public. to the public there is a real prospect of terror inspired attacks. this is what we are doing about it and what you should do about it. some months ago, you activatingthis --
this system. the fbi director has talked about the parry owed around july around july. jeh johnson: we have been consulting with inter-agencies, on this and we have reached a point where we could not only rolloff a new system but announce it today. >> two thanks. -- two things. had different situations in los angeles and new york. mixed messages for the public. will things change with this new system? will there be different messages from the local officious versus officialsl -- local versus the federal officials?
two things. ntas provides of a common baseline for what the national security, and homeland security at the federal level are seeing and what we assess is a common baseline. it is informative in that respect. we have a common a slight for what we are seeing perry it is not done sporadically. it is not just shared with law enforcement. number two, in homeland security and national security, the good news is no news. myis important as i said in opening remarks, in my view to continue to remind the public that every day, somebody is somebodyard to prevent
from traveling or boarding who -- a terrorismal affiliation. every day, there is someone denied entry to our country. every day, there is an interdiction of illegal narcotics, weapons, a discovery of something on the border. to protect our homeland. the public does not always hear about these. terrorist there is a plot being investigated and on a routine basis, there are arrests being made. who are being prosecuted for material support or something else. under federal law. is comingal certainly is to know to for the public all of the things that we are doing on their behalf and to say to
the public, you can help also. we are in a new environment. where terrorist inspired attacks , or things that can happen with little to no notice. there is a way to address that. involves heightened security, heightened presence of law enforcement around the country. it involves building bridges to communities that are being targeted by terrorist organizations. in flooring them that if they see something, say something. the caseost always that is someone self radicalize is, there is someone close to that person who saw the signs. by building bridges to community leaders, families, religious leaders, and others come we can
encourage people to come forward. multifaceted homeland security response to a new environment which includes public awareness. ok. thanks a lot everybody. >> next, federal reserve chairman janet yellen announces a hike in the interest rate. after that, a house hearing on u.s.-pakistan relations. live at 7:00 a.m., your calls and comments on washington journal. this weekend on newsmakers, lumbar alexander. the education committee and
former chair of education. he talked about the recent passage of the every child succeeds at. newsmakers, today at 10:00 a.m. and see :00 -- and 6:00 p.m. eastern. with congress on holiday recess, the c-span network features a full lineup of primetime programming. monday night at 9:00, our new series, lance -- landmark cases. roe v wade. author: porter on cultural divides in america. wednesday night, charleston's emmanuel african of this a couple church. -- episcopal church. has a discussion on gun violence. christmas eve, christmas at the white house. christmas day, former president clinton receives the bob hope leadership award.
nonfiction books and authors on politics. tuesday night at 8:00, features books on the presidency. people inevents and history. christmas, friday night at 8:00, several of our programs from this year. on c-span3,tory tv monday at 10:30 p.m., we feature programs on russian spies. tuesday night, congressional history with mitch mcconnell. wednesday night, the anniversary of the end of the civil war. thursday night, tom brokaw on world war ii and its impact. 8:00ristmas, friday night, p.m., we will travel to williamsburg of the 1770's to talk about colonial life on the eve of the american revolution. those are just some of the programs being featured on the c-span network. c-span takes you on the road to the white house and into the classroom.
this year, our student cam documentary contest asked students to tell us what issues they want to hear from the presidential candidates about. road to then's white house coverage and get all of the news about our contest on c-span.org. reservednesday, federal chair janet yellen officially announced an increase in the interest rate. since 2006. at the news conference, she explained the logic behind the increase and then took questions from reporters. this is just over an hour. ms. yellen: good afternoon.
earlier today the federal open market committee decided to raise the target range for the federal funds rate by one quarter percentage point, bringing it to one quarter to one half percent. this action marks the end of an extraordinary seven-year period during which the federal funds rate was held near zero to support the recovery of the economy from the worst financial crisis in resession since the great de. it also recognize -- depression. it also recognizes the considerable progress that has been made toward restoring jobs, raising incomes and easing the economic hardship of millions of americans. and it reflects the committee's confidence that the economy will continue to strengthen. the economic recovery has clearly come a long way, although it is not yet complete. room for further improvement in the labor market remains and
inflation continues to run below our longer-run objective. but with the economy performing well and expected to continue to do so, the committee judged that a modest increase in the federal funds rate target is now appropriate. recognizing that even after this increase, monetary policy remains accommodative. as i will explain, the process of normalizing interest rates is likely to proceed gradually. although future policy actions will obviously depend on how the economy evolves relative to our objectives of maximum employment and 2% inflation. since march, the committee has stated that it would raise the target range for the federal funds rate when it had seen further improvement in the labor market and was reasonably confident that inflation would
move back to its 2% objective over the medium term. in our judgment, these two criteria have now been satisfied. the labor market is clearly -- has clearly shown significant further improvement toward our objective of maximum employment. so far this year, a total of 2.3 million jobs have been added to the economy. and over the most recent three months, job gains have averaged an estimated 218,000 per month. similar to the average pace since the beginning of the year. the unemployment rate at 5% in november is down .6% from the end of last year. nd is close to the median of estimates of its longer run normal level. a broader measure of unemployment that includes individuals who want and are available to work, but have