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tv   Hearing on Afghan Security Forces  CSPAN  February 15, 2016 3:23am-4:04am EST

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from a nuclear iran. and as i said, in that we're succeeding. in terms of penalizing iran's destabilizing activity in the region, we have a rich set of tools that we can use and we've, as mr. smith has been describing and i'll let him address in more detail, we've shown a readiness to do that. we've penalized most recently on january 17 iran's ballistic missile program. in the past few weeks we've continued to sanction hezbollah activities and people linked to hezbollah. and we will continue to do that. mr. smith? mr. smith: i just add and say, congresswoman, i don't have the exact amount that iran uses to fund terrorism. we can go back and see. i think the intelligence community properly has the best number, working with the treasury department. but that would be more of a classified figure we'd have to provide in a different setting. in terms of sanctioning iranian banks for bad behavior in support of terrorism, we've done it. we've sanctioned banks in the
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past for its support for terrorism. we'll continue to follow the evidence of support for terrorism, ballistic missile support, destabilizing activities and we will develop packages and targets when we see the evidence show. ms. meng: ok. and finally, but can we tell if the support for terrorist activities and groups has increased or decreased? mr. mull: i think mr. myth is right. that i think we'd be happy to go into more detail in a different setting. but i do know that general clapper recently testified in the past few days that he has not seen an appreciable change in iranian level of support since the implementation of this deal. the support for terrorism. ms. meng: thank you. i yield back. >> thank you, congresswoman grace meng. ambassador, ranking member engel and i both mentioned iran's horrible behavior in the neighborhood. and that includes iranian-backed forces that
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threaten those at the camp. the committee raised this with ambassador mcguirk yesterday. and i pass these concerns on to you. mr. royce: these individuals need protection. the u.s. government needs to guarantee that protection. and we have seen what has happened of late. in terms of the loss of human life there at the camp. so, i would convey to you what i conveyed to him yesterday, to the ambassador yesterday. which is, this needs to be a priority. we appreciate the time of both of you as witnesses here today before the committee. you've heard the deep concerns that many of our members have about iran policy. and how it's being carried out. so i know that you'll want to continue to be in touch with members of this committee as we move forward. at this time we'll adjourn the
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hearing. thank you again for your appearance. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] >> on today's washington journal, we look ahead to the democratic caucuses in nevada and the role of latino voters they are and in other states. joins us comic he is executive director of the leak of latin american citizens. also, matt lewis about his new book regarding the public and -- the republican party and how it has changed over the years. also coming ian swanson about a new e-book that gives a look at inside key moments inside the obama presidency. we will also take your calls. live everyjournal, day at 7:00 a.m. eastern on
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c-span. tonight, on the communicators, the longest-serving fcc commissioner talks about major communication issues including next month auctions, the cost of phone service to and from prison inmates and unlimited streaming by some video. she is joined by technology reporter. >> you should always be involving and improving and attempting to bridge gaps so people can help themselves. this is about enabling individuals, providing them with the technological means to get -- to get in that touch with the doctor so their health can improve. to bridge those gaps. so these divides, not just
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digital, but opportunity device. had we use technology to close that? >> watch the communicators tonight. at his speech in munich this weekend, secretary of state john fory criticized russia repeated aggression in ukraine and syria. representatives from several nations were meeting at the city's annual security conference which included talks on ending the syrian civil war and addressing the refugee crisis. this is 35 minutes. >> john, if i could invite you to the podium. this is a particularly important
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moment for us and i hope for you also. , thisnormal circumstances might be the last time that you speak here as secretary of state. welcome. we are really happy to have you. >> thank you very much. well, thank you for reminding me -- [laughter] that everything i am doing now is a last. depending on what i decide to do. maybe not. [laughter] [applause] i am really happy to be back in munich. i am very happy to share thoughts with this, the 52nd edition of the security conference.
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i think if you think back, 1963, the first year of the munich security conference, this forum has always been about the pursuit of peace. back then, here in germany, as elsewhere, the cold war actually felt pretty hot. the wall was a concrete indication of the new reality. barbed wire was strong across the heart of the country. indeed, the heart of europe. and that was the year that president kennedy spoke in germany and said to all who doubted, let them come to berlin. many of us here remember the starkness of that period of time
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very well. i was a kid. my dad was a legal advisor to the high commissioner of germany in berlin. i was privileged to be dumped off at a school in switzerland. i did not know where i was at age 11-12. i saw firsthand what europe would like in those years emerging from the war. everything they talked about was the war and remnants of the war. i used to ride my bike down and see the churches and steeples and burn down reichstag. i knew very well what that was about. it is clear that while the cold war is long over, the need for the same qualities that brought people through that -- the courage and resolve in defending
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liberty and pursuing peace -- is absolutely is vital to date as it was half a century ago. obviously everyone in this room doesn't need a secretary of state, from great britain or germany, or anybody else to come in and give a long list of the litany crises we face. probably never in history have we been dealing with as many hotspots, as many failed or failing states, all at one time. not to mention a kim jong-un and a nuclear program and other challenges all at the same time. everybody here understands that. you would not be here otherwise. daesh's campaign of terror extends its reach well beyond iraq and syria. the syrian civil war, which is now claimed more than 250,000 lives, still rages. we are facing -- we, together --
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the greatest humanitarian crisis in europe since world war ii. as innocent people, many of whom are women and children, are either trapped inside a country without access to medicine and food, or they have been forced to flee. and the flood of desperate migrants has now spread well beyond the middle east. as we know, 50% of the people now knocking on the door of europe with a whole industry that is been created to try and help move them. and some very perverse politics in a certain places that turns the dial up and down for political purposes. half of them now come from places other than syria. think about that. pakistan, bangladesh, afghanistan -- so the burdens of europe, which is already facing a complex economic political and social strain, is now even more intense.
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i want to make it clear to all of you, we in the u.s. are not sitting across the pond thinking somehow we are immune. we are not saying this is your problem, not ours no, this is our problem. that united states of america understands the near existential nature of this threat to the politics and fabric of life in europe. that is why we are joining now in enforcing a nato mission to close off a key access route. that is why we will join with you in other ways to stem this tide because of the potential of its damage to the fabric of the united europe. the truth is in that every decade since its founding, the e.u. has been tested by forces. internal and external. that benefited from a house divided.
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we know many europeans right now feel overwhelmed by the latest round of challenges, including concerns about the u.k.'s potential exit from the eu. here again, however, i want to express the confidence of president obama and all of us in america. just as it has so many times before, europe is going to emerge stronger than ever. provided it stays united and builds common responses to these challenges. obviously the united states has a profound interest in your success, as we do in a very strong united kingdom stating in a strong e.u. [applause] sec. kerry: let me underscore,
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those that claim our transatlantic partnership is unraveling, or in fact those that hope it might unravel, could not be more wrong. they forget, or they never understood why we came together in the first place. not to just sail along in the best of times, but to have each other's backs when the times were tough. they forget as well that the ties that bind us are not some kind of fragile strings of momentary convenience. they are rugged, time-tested cords of democratic values. liberty, decency, justice, rule of law. nowhere is that more clear than our joint, unwavering support for a democratic ukraine. our european partners deserve an enormous credit for the result and purpose you have summoned to stand up to russia's repeated aggression.
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i am confident that europe and the united states will continue to stand united, both in sustaining sanctions for as long as they are necessary, a nd in providing necessary assistance to ukraine until its integrity is protected by the full implementation of the minsk agreement. we have made it clear. sanctions are not an end unto themselves. witness what we have succeeded in the context of the iran nuclear agreement. we should not forget why they were imposed in the first place. to stand up for ukraine's fundamental rights. rights of international norms that have been accepted ever since world war ii, that were part of what that great battle was about. russia has a simple choice. fully implement the agreement, or continue to face economically damaging sanctions.
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the path to relief is clear -- withdraw weapons and troops, ensure that all ukrainian hostages are returned, allow full humanitarian assets --humanitarian access to occupied territories, which by the way, is required by international law. support free, fair and internationally monitored elections in ukraine, and restore ukraine's control of sight of the international border, which belongs to it. put plainly, russia can prove by its actions that it will respect ukraine's sovereignty, just as it insists on respect for its own. by the same token, after two difficult years, ukrainians still have work to do as well. president poroshenko who is here
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knows that and accepts that. neither the people of ukraine or their partners believe that enough has happened in ukraine either. ukraine has responsibilities with respect to this agreement. it is critical that kiev upholds its end of the bargain. ukraine's democratic potential is far brighter than it wasn't several years ago when we met. for writer even then it was before the brave -- far brighter even than it was before the brave protests. 2016 has all the potential possible, all the groundwork laid through the good work of germany and france and of the normandy format and through the support of other countries, to be able to make 2016 a year that ukraine proves reform can triumph over corruption. we call on all of the countries elected leaders to demonstrate the unity and integrity that their people are demanding.
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in addition to our joint focus on ukraine, the u.s. is significantly upgraded our commitment to european security. with a plan four fold increase in our spending on the european reassurance initiative. from just under $790 million to $3.4 billion. this will allow us to maintain a division's worth of equipment in europe, and additional combat in eastern and central europe, making us more visual and more tangible. that is not the only way we have to approach the challenge in europe and the rest of the world. millions of young people in countries do not have hope and food or jobs or education or a future.
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if we leave that unattended to, then we are simply turning our backs on what we know is a responsibility for how we will stem the tide of violent extremism. we will continue to build on our unparalleled economic partnership. we will support new jobs and spur growth on both sides of the atlantic. and concluding negotiations on transatlantic trade, investment partnerships, this year will strengthen our economies. let me be absolutely clear, nothing in ttip -- nothing requires europe to reduce or undo important regulations, or weaken existing standards. that is false. on the contrary, the agreement will underscore our support for the inclusion of high environmental and labor standards and its read agreements, just as we have done in the transpacific partnership,
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which encompasses 40% of the planet's gdp. we have encompassed in that agreement, in the four corners of the agreement, the highest labor standards and highest environmental standards enforceable by law. ttip can showcase the dynamism of our form of democracy, of our marketplace. the free markets, that demonstrate the preeminence in the global conversation about the economic standards and the defense of free trade. perhaps most urgently, the u.s. and europe are at the forefront of facing what is become the defining challenge of our generation. the fight against violent extremism. the terrible attacks in paris, brussels, beirut, sinai, san bernardino, and so many other places have only reinforced our determination to defeat daesh as soon as possible. and i am absolutely convinced we will do just that.
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every day our military is meeting. every day the coalition is working. every day we are taking additional steps forward. and of the global counter-daesh coalition that we began some 17 months ago includes every nato and e.u. state. that is the very definition of solidarity. defeating daesh is not an overnight proposition. it's going to take time. but i will tell you this, president obama is determined that it will not take too much time. and he is every day pushing our military and every other sector -- and there are many other sectors involved in this broad 9 lines of effort -- she is pushing them to come up with new propositions, new ways to push this fight. we welcome the announcement of countries in europe that have decided to join this fight.
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we are going to defeat daesh, i have no doubt about it. even as we do that, we have to do work on a measurable manner. first and foremost, we're going after their fighters. our coalition has launched more than 10,000 airstrikes. we, the united states, and france, coupled with other countries have put special forces on the ground in iraq and syria in order to better enable a number of operations whilst also providing increased amounts of training and equipment to our local partners. together, we have pushed terrorists out of about 40% of the territory that they once controlled in iraq. 20% in syria. we have liberated to treat --liberated tikrit.
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100,000 sunni have returned to build their homes. an extraordinary story that does not get enough credit. we have liberated sinjar. we are hammering daesh's heavy weapons, it's training camps, supply routes, infrastructure. and it's terrorism and military campaign is expanding by the day. but it's not enough just to dock them down, militarily, which we are doing. you have to ensure that they cannot get back up. that is why the second line of the hurt we are pursuing is critical. -- line of effort we are pursuing is critical, destroying their economic lifeline. we have learned more about daesh's sources of income, which is let us target their oil production, refineries, tanker trucks, cash centers, elicited banking facilities. for daesh, lower revenues means fewer resources to finance military action and the smaller
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paychecks to lure stain new fighters. already we are seeing the results of this. they have had to cut their paychecks by 50%. in some cases, they've had to cut it off entirely. they don't have the ability to continue this expansion. this also gives a boost to our third line of attack, which is to reduce the number of terrorist groups. because of tighter airport and order security, fewer terrorists are now getting into syria and iraq. in fact, because of lower pay and comes into danger -- constant danger, we know that more are trying to get out. meanwhile, with arab states in the lead, we are doing more every day to minimize the impact of terrorist propaganda.
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to fight back against daesh's apocalyptic distortion of islam and its rhetoric. to prevent the incitement of the so-called lone wolf attacks. in the united states, we recently opened a global engagement center at the state department to help dispel extremist group's hateful lies in all forms of media to take the people who were once the captives and exploited by daesh, and put them in the media to tell the stories to deter others from joining. we have a center opened up in abu dhabi. we have a new center that the saudi's will be starting. we will be working with them. the malaysians are following. those who really can talk with authority about what islami -- islam means in the individual nation where it makes the difference will have the opportunity to speak in ways that they haven't yet. the global coalition has reinforced our commitment to the fifth effort, providing humanitarian relief to the
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millions who have suffered at the hands of daesh. the entire region is responding to this challenge, my friends. that is essential because the needs are absolutely staggering. i see some that were in london the other day. extraordinary contributions by countries to put $10 million on the table. turkey has taken in more than 2.5 million men, women, and children since the war began. in lebanon and jordan they are giving refuge to one million people each. in europe, you know better than anybody how the staggering humanitarian crisis is affecting the life of politics and the social fabric of europe. unprecedented challenges. and with characteristic resilience, i am proud to say, and grateful for the fact, that in europe is stepping up to meet
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these challenges. chancellor merkel and other leaders have demonstrated remarkable courage. last night at dinner, i heard people telling me how it is difficult. that is the nature of political courage. across this continent, communities are taking in those that are fleeing violence and saying no to the voices of intolerance and racism within a society's. -- within societies. i know how difficult it is to live our values. it is hard. but we do try. it is one of the things that the binds us together. it brings us here to munich. our common commitment to those values, which in the end, make the difference in defining what life is really all about. [applause] in the united states, we recognize that while this crisis is not as real on our shores on
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as a daily basis, we have a moral obligation to stand with our partners and to do more and assist in the relief effort. that is why i was able to announce in london that we will contribute an additional $925 million to the already $4.5 billion we contributed to syrian refugees, making us, i think, the largest donor specifically to this plate. -- to this plight. providing emergency care, education, and job help. i think everybody understands, and this is the most important point. this is what motivated us to go to vienna twice, with all the great help of all of these partners here. almost came together in commonality with a recognition that writing checks is not going to solve the problem. we can't just endlessly be writing checks. we can't be endlessly fighting about whether someone is alive
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or dead, or what's going to happen. we have to end this war. the only way to do that somehow to bring about the quickest possible political settlement. almost everybody has agreed that if all one side does is escalate, the other side will too. we can have an endless escalation between iran, syria, sunnis, saudi arabia, turkey, or in qatar, or in any country of his first. they have an ability to blow the support. -- any country of interest. one country. it takes every country coming together in order to hold it together. the war in syria has now lasted for more than five years. right now, even with the success we had the other day at the table, does not yet show the signs we want of burning out. that is why we are focused on this track.
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if the international community and syrians miss the opportunity to achieve that resolution, the violence, bloodshed, torture, the images of children and women, the bombing in anguish is going to continue. and all the talk that would take place here and has taken place to date will be nothing except an increase in the cynicism of people in the world, who look to their leaders to deliver. the tragedy is that if this flounders, the call to jihad will increase. that is why the diplomatic initiative we launched in vienna is so important. the 20+ member issg includes every major country with a direct stake in syria. parties as diverse as i ran saudi arabia -- iran and saudi arabia met at the table,
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constructively moving forward. they agreed on a list of unanimous principles reflected in the. these principles reflect the way toward a stable, sovereign, inclusive, united, nonsectarian syria that we all seek. but which the vast majority of people believe can never be achieved with president assad at its helm. you cannot stop the war that way. yesterday we made progress advancing two of the major components of the u.n. resolution. the trucks are lined up. the permissions are being granted. they should flow today or tomorrow. in the wee hours of friday morning, we agreed that the
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sustained delivery of communitarian aid will begin this weekend. first to the areas where it is most urgently needed, then all those in need throughout the country, particularly in the besieged areas. the u.n. has said that the trucks are loaded and ready to go. we established a task force which has met already for the first time in a geneva, and will report regularly on the progress to guarantee the delivery of this aid. the issg also agreed to implement a nationwide cessation of hostilities to begin in one week's time. why a week? for the simple reason that the modalities have to be worked out. and people have to be communicated to in order to not have it start with failure. this will apply with any and all parties within syria, with the exception of terrorist organizations, daesh, an d al nusra. there is a lot of work to do
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before this effective cessation can commence. two. end, -- to that end, we have established another task force, which the chair of russia and i will work on. we will work on the modalities of how we deal with this. the vast majority, in our opinion, of russia's attacks have been against legitimate opposition groups. to adhere to the agreement that has been made, we think it's critical that russia's targeting change. the entire issg, including russia, has agreed to work to make that happen. be clear about this. the foreign minister has says we need to work together as a group to determine who should be attacked, who is qualified as a terrorist and who. i will say bluntly that there is no way to properly put a communitarian access -- a
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humanitarian access as ambitious as the one we put in place, and no adequate way to deal with cessation of hostilities unless we work together on every aspect of this from the political to the humanitarian to the military. we are doing that now. we are not approaching this with some sense of pie in the sky hope. we will work through where this targeting should take place, where it shouldn't, how we work together in order to be effective so we don't drive away from the table. obviously, if people that are ready to be part of the political process are being bombed, we are not going to have much of a conversation. that is what we are working on. the security council resolution has demanded that all parties immediately cease any attacks against civilian. that too has not happened to date.
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the violence of the regime went up. we know civilians are being killed. we hope this week can be a week of change. some have argued that the reason humanitarian access has denied is because assad and his allies might believe that by defying the will of the international community, they can win the war. that is a proposition being discussed. if that is what russia and assad think, then i believe they would be missing the lessons of the last five years. the syrian, have rejected assad, have endured 4 years of shelling, barrel bombs, gas, scud missiles, chemical attacks, torture, and they may be pushed back here or there.
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but they are not going to surrender. i don't believe there is anybody that believes that they will. the countries that have supported assad and the countries that have opposed him say they are committed to continuing that. that is not a recipe for resolution. we have to take advantage of this moment. the more successful that people are in standing up to assad, the more successful they will be in attracting more jihadis to the fight. that is the perverse reality of what has happened there. whether one side or another has an advantage today, this conflict still require a
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political solution at some point in time in order to make these, no matter what happened. this is a hinge point. decisions made in the coming days and weeks could end the war in syria or it could define a very difficult set of choices for the future. everyone here knows what we have to do to get this right. putting an end to the violence and bloodshed is essential, but also providing syrians with the humanitarian aid they need is critical. at the end of this conflict, it will come when parties agree for a political transition accepted as the standard in 2012 in geneva.
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at dinner last night, it was interesting. i was listening to the conversation of colleagues over the last few days. it is pretty clear that the the uncertainty, even the fear of what is happening in europe of these refugees of syria, of terrorism, it's different and verybody feels that. as a result, in some corners there is a pess mix in the air. i believe we have a good reason to be optimistic. the reason is the size, durability, the capacity, the talent, the extraordinary resilience of this alliance.
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in one form or another. that has been expressed not just in the formality of this alliance since it came into being since world war ii but since the last century. yeah, there's violence in the world. you'd better believe it. but you know what? it's changed. he 20th century was defined by state-on-state violence and millions upon millions of people dying. there are actually fewer people dying in conflict today than ever before. and despite the challenges we ace between 1909 and 2015, remarkable things have happened. changed life for hundreds of millions of people. the rate of child mortality fell by over one half. life expectancy has increased dramatically around the world. particularly in developing countries. in 2001, there were less than 1
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million kids going to school in afghanistan and all of them were boys. today, there are almost 8 million kids going to school, and 40% of them are girls. more than 2.5 billion people have gained access to clean water in the last few years and the number of people living in extreme poverty has declined by more than one half. it is for the first time in history below 10%. i could run a longer list of things -- and you know them -- that we're doing. productivity, changes in technology. a century ago the number of people brought into the near middle class or middle class in china and many other countries. a century ago this month the battle of verden was just beginning. the most excruciating chapter of a horrific war that would cause 37 million casualties and kill one german and one
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frenchman out of every five. to ears ago, 75 years ago be precise, millions of refugees were streaming not into europe, but out of europe. seeking refuge from a confrontation with fascism that would climb max in unprecedented savagery and the holocaust. 50 years ago, half of europe lived behind the iron curtain. a quarter of a century ago, europe was witness to a brutal campaign of ethnic cleansing that would rage for years. my friends, we cannot come to munich to a security conference and ignore the underlying message of this history. this moment is not as overwhelming as people think it is. we know what needs to be done and most importantly we have the power to do it. the transatlantic community is not strong

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