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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  April 23, 2016 10:53pm-12:01am EDT

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systems are not going to do. ut beyond that, a lot of our research has been positive for the american public. we invented the nicotine patch. we did the first liver transplant. we've won three nobel prizes. we did the first electronic medical record. we were the ones, the va nurse came up with the idea of putting a bar code with prescriptions, to keep cal records, those straight. so a lot of the innovations that american medicine have come out of the va. nd in a for-profit medical world, where are those innovations going to come from? the second is training. doctors in of the the country. we're the number 1 employer of nurses. we end up training the majority of the nurses. t's a system set up in 1946 aligning the va hospitals with the very best medical schools in the country. for example, in durham, north carolina, we share over 300
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doctors with the duke medical school. they do their work in both places and the third leg is the clinical work. you know, the fact that our clinical work with veteran patients who they say are the very best patients in the world. and if you're a veteran, isn't it nice having somebody work actually has to teach what they're doing, because that way you're sure they know it. system, and at answer.ation is not the can see that entire interview tomorrow at 10:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. eastern on c-span. >> this sunday night on q&a, churnow talks about the hit broadway musical "hamilton" that's based on his bio graphy on alexander hamilton and the consulting work he did on the musical. > i was really on vacation in mexico, and as i was reading it,
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pop song started rising off the page and i said really? he started telling me, you know, a classic life was hip hop narrative and i was hinking what on earth is this guy talking about? the nk i quickly picked up fact that he had a world-class hip-hop on hisout hand. i said could hip hop be the very e for telling this large and complex story? he said, ron, i'm going to educate you about hip-hop. and he did on the spot. he started pointing out that hip-pop, you can pack more lyrics thaninto the any other form because it's very, very dense and then he started talking about the fact that hip hop has not only rhymed endings, internal rhymes. he started educating me on all these different devices that are very important to the success of the show. eastern night at 8:00
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nd pacific on c-span's "q&a." >> president obama is currently trip.eas for a multiday one of his stops was in london for a youth town hall that included members of the u.s. embassy's u.k. initiative. this is an hour and 20 minutes. captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]. applause] [cheering and applause] >> good morning, ladies and gentlemen. i am a representative of the young leaders u.k. initiative, master bonham, and i am so excited and privileged to welcome and introduce president barack obama.
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this is an organization filled with the next david camerons, steve jobs. next this initiative reiterates our admiration as future in the technology generation for leaders of the world to recognize the power of all voices. they are engendering a new evolving relations within the u.s. and u.k. relationships. and one with less wrinkles. lilac has set the stage for widening our network over the oceans, for influencing our ways with american lead ers and most a ortantly given our voices channel to be heard. this special relationship u.k. isthe u.s. and the one separated by an increasingly invisible ocean that's shared with a tear drop, a tear drop that symbolizes the global devastating threats we face, leaving many potential young disillusioned, feelings
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that i was exposed to while visiting the refugee camps. however, with organizations like wilac and with recognition from the most inspiring people of the world, we as the next global leaders are respected as creative, powerful, and exceptionally articulate individuals. in memory of prince, we are the generation. we have been given the power -- [applause] we have been given the power to eliminate discourse in youth in mobilizing global agendas. our channels are becoming rivers. y for the wylac,
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leaders, ufor ae united body of young lead ers ever-lasting u.s.-u.k. special relationship and finally k, for the power of knowledge, knowledge passed to us from the current spearheads of the world. and on that note, ladies and gentlemen, please welcome president barack obama. . heering and applause] pres. obama: hello, everybody. thank you so much. have a seat. hello, london. [cheering]
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it is good to be back in the u.k.. kadeja for that wonderful introduction. i was saying back stage i'd vote for her for something. [laughter] our. obama: i want to thank u.s. ambassador, matthew barsden for all the great work that he's done. [applause] pres. obama: it is wonderful to see all of you. i guess you all know why i came this week. it's no secret. othing was going to stop me from wishing "happy birthday" to her majesty, and meeting george. [laughter] who was adorable. michelle and i had the privilege to visit with her majesty and the duke of edinboro yesterday. i can't tell you what we talked
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about. i can tell you that i hope i am such a engaging lunch partner when i am 90. [laughter] and i'd like to thank her us use one letting of her hort cultural halls for hall.town and i also came from is theeare's tomb, today 400th anniversary of death.peare's as he once wrote, brevity is the sort of wit, so i'll try to be so we'll he front end have time for a conversation. these are some of the favorite things i do when i travel around just have a chance to meet with young people and hear from them directly. g to me.pirin it gives me new ideas, and i res the degree to which young people are rising up in every continent, to seize the tomorrow.ies of
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now, whenever i get together in the united states and u.k. you hear a lot about the special relationships and the hared values interest that bind us together in the way that our cooperation safer, more rld secure, and a more just and prosperous place, and all of true.s and we go back a pretty long way, the u.k. and the u.s. we've had our quarrels, there was that whole tea incident. [laughter] and the british burned my house down. [laughter] but we made up. and ately, we made up, ended up stowing blood on the battle field together side by ide, against fascism, tyranny, for freedom and democracy, and
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from the ashes of war, we led he charge to create the institutions and initiatives that sustain the prosperous nato, woods, the marshall the joint .u., efforts and sacrifices of previous generations of big cans and brits are a part of why we've known decades of relative peace and prosperity in europe, and that, in turn, has helped to spread peace and prosperity around the world. and think about how extraordinary that is. this re than 1,000 years, continent was darkened by war and violence. it was taken for granted. it was assumed. of man.t was the fate now, that's not to say that your it easy, but had in the united states, your eneration has grown up in a time of breath-taking change.
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age through 9/11, to ve had friends go off wore, seen families enjoy recession. time, allenges of our economic inequality, climate change, terrorism, migration, real.ese things are and in an age of instant twitter on, where tv, can be seen as a steady stream that it can i know sometimes seem like the order that we created is fragile. maybe crumbling. maybe the center cannot hold. and we see new calls for isolationists, or xenophobia. we see those who would call for rolling back the rights of people. their hunkering down in own point of views and unwilling to engage in a democratic state.
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and those impulses, i think we can understand, that they are eactions to changing times and uncertainty. young n i speak to people, i implore them and i implore you to reject those calls to hold back. i'm here to ask you to reject the notion that we're gripped by forces that we can't control and i want you to take a longer and more optimistic view of history nd the part that you can play in it. i ask you to embrace the view of predecessors, president john f.kennedy who once said, our problems are man-made. therefore, they can be solved by man and man can be as big as he wants. the s how since 1950, global average life expectancy has grown by 25 years. extreme 0, we've cut
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poverty around the world in half. over the past 100 years, we come from a world where only a small vote to of women could where almost every woman can. 2000, we've come from a world without marriage with a reality in nearly two dozen countries, including here and in the united states. every few months i speak with a new group of white house interns. they're roughly your age. they come in for six months. assigned to various aspects of the white house. talk to them about the fact that if you could history in oment in which to be born, and you didn't time what you were to be, you didn't know whether you were a man or a woman, what nationality, what ethnicity, what religion, who your parents
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were, what class or status you might have. if you could choose one time in where the chances that fulfilling life were ost promising, you'd choose right now. this moment. for the world, for all of its trevails, for all of its challenges, has never been healthier, better educated, more tolerant, less violent, more attentive to the rights of all people. than it is today. that doesn't mean we don't have big problems. hat's not a cause for complacency, but it is a cause for optimism. standing in a moment here your capacity to shape
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this world is unmatched. an incredible privilege that says. and you've never had better tools to make a difference, in the u.k. europe, and the world. not project is to pessimism and cynicism, than s can be solved. progress requires the harder path of breaking down barriers and uilding bridges standing up to the values of tolerance and diversity, that our nations have worked and to secure and defend. progress is not inevitable, and struggle and perseverance and discipline and faith. we that's the story of how won woman's rights, voter
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rights, civilization rights, because those who came before us often risked their lives to give us the chance to know something better. hat's what gives me so much hope by your generation. so many of you driven by that same impulse. you are a generation that has seen immigration and globalization not as threats but as opportunities, for education, exploration, employment and exchange. a generation who sees differences of pluralism and diversity, not as a curse but as a great gift. that's one of the reasons why the united states is invested in young leader initiatives around the globe, in africa, latin america, southeast asia, and right here in the u.k.. o last summer, we launched young leaders u.k. and it's gone plymouth students in to more than 1,000 nationwide. 18-30 se group of brits
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rom government, ng o's, the private sector, including many of you here today. an 100 ps with more th high schools, with more than 14,000 six formers. more of ed to create the u.s. embassy exchange rograms that have graduated alumni like margaret thatcher, gordon brown and tony blair, because we want you to have the tools, connections and resources make yourself o change agents, the change that you are looking for in the world. so your young leaders like michael sani who's here today. where's michael? michael was inspired by america's rock the vote, voter registration initiative. own bite the his bullet -- bite the ballot. excuse me. initiative here in the u.k.. he spent time in greensboro,
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north carolina, where he learned about our civil rights movement, and he said i have a new understanding of the meaning of perseverance, resilience, and delayed gratification, by may not for change you live to see but your children will live to see. may not for change you live to see but your children will live to see. that's what this is all about. that's what we are all about, or worldn the cold war war, movements for economic or social justice, efforts to combat climate change, our best impulses have always been to world for the next generation. maria mamed is here today. where are you? behind me? o mariam is at the top. impulse that compels a young leader like her to say i may have grown up one of eight in a small west london house but i'm going to use the education i to help any child
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have the same opportunities i have. ali hashem is here. where is ali , right there. impulse that's led to say i may have fled syria as a child but now that i'm in office, i'm going to use my power to help other refugees like me. today.cca is here where's becca. it's that impulse that compels a say, leader like becca to as a woman with a disability, i may have fallen down at times, ut people who believed in me picked me up, and i'm going to fighting for by people with disabilities and against violence and against women because i believe the better place. ou can't help but be inspired by the stories of young people like these, both in the united states and in the united kingdom. and think of all the good that
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we can do together. think of all the good that we have yet to accomplish. a challenge on this planet that our two countries don't take on together, and as generation nurtures that special relationship and and s from one another stands together, i'm confident that the future is brighter than the past and our best days are still ahead of us. so with that, let's have a conversation. all right, you guys were ready. [laughter] here's what we're going to do. go boy girl boy girl, to make sure that it's fair. in as many get questions as we have. introduce yourself. we have mikes right there, and ell me who you are and where you're from, and then try to keep your question or comment relatively brief so i can get as many as possible. all right. right here start
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audience: yooim kayla mccartny and the hern ireland, situation has gotten stronger in northern ireland where america important role in our peace process. hope your predecessor that comes after you hopes to foster that. pres. obama: well, northern ireland is a story of perseverance in the fact that your generation -- how old are now? audience: 21. pres. obama: 21. your experience has been entirely different than your parents'. there's still huge problems there. ome of them political, some of them economic. but every year we have on st. patrick's day, folks from reland come, and we had both minister and me deputy prime minister come, and issues e working these
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through. and what's interesting is the example of ich the peacemaking in northern ireland in ow inspiring others, so columbia, latin america right aw, they're trying to undergo peace process, and they've actually brought people from orthern ireland to come and describe how do you overcome enmity and hatred and try to shape a country that is unified? you know this better than i do, ut one of the things that you see in northern ireland that's the very tant is simple act of recognizing the humanity of those on the other side of the argument. having empathy and a sense of connection to people who are not like you.
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that's taken time, but you're now seeing that, and i think among young people who are interacting more, you're seeing that. forging a new o about being is from northern ireland as opposed or, you know, ist hinfang, or just deciding the country as a whole is more important than any particular or any particular flight. this is a s -- challenging time to do that, because there's so much uncertainty in the world right now. because things are changing so temptation to forge identities, tribal identities, that give you a sense of certainty, a buffer
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against change. and that's something that our oung people, we have to fight against, whether you're talking about africa or the middle east burma, ern ireland, or the forces that lead to the most violence and the most injustice people y spring out of feel importantto us ividing the world into and them. so "them" threatens me, and my got to make sure that tribe strikes out first. that mentality and that impulse requires us to
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young with our kids. one of the most encouraging things i've seen in northern reland is children starting to go to school together, and having a sense that we're all in this together as opposed to it's us against them. but it's going to take some time. it will depend on leaders like you to make it happen. no pressure. you're going to be fine. you're going to do it. good question. a gentleman's turn. london.: peter from pres. obama: hi, peter. audience: thank you. future, imagine in the and meone comes to you ays -- [cheering and applause]
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and she says oh, he's prioritized education, healthcare and defense. these are the three issues we've got in the budget, what's your priority, what would you think bout ranking those and what would you see in the priorities there. next obama: for the president? audience: and for yourself as well. pres. obama: well, you know, one of the things that i've learned don't always s i have the luxury of just choosing one or two things. urns out, that how well we do in the united states and how well the globe does depends on a lot of things. my first priority is to keep the american people safe, just just -- prime minister cameron, if you asked him what is your
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first priorities, keeping the united kingdom safe. so security is always going to a top of the list item, and isil, and from transnational terrorism are to address.ritical address them is important. y isrecognizing that securit not just a matter of military a matter of the essages we send and the institutions we build and the diplomacy that we engage in, and the opportunities that we present to people. important ng to be for the next president of the any global s and leader to recognize.
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respective of our militaries, men and women in uniform, who serve our country and make such extraordinary sacrifices, but we do them a disservice if we think that the keeping the of world safe is just placed on those who are in uniform. that's where diplomacy comes in. iran where obviously the united states and iran has had a terrible relationship 1979. the theocracy there, has engaged in all kinds of very dangerous and provocative behaviors, and attain e on the path to a nuclear weapon. the hard diplomatic work that we id along with the u.k. and the e.u. and the members of the security council to forge an greement where they are no longer on the path to get a
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engagedweapon, we never in the military strike to do it, safer resulted in a much world. true when you think about development in subsaharan africa. bocoharam ation like is idea logically driven and we the to help protect against rape and the pillage they engage communitieshere are where children can't read or they are much , more vulnerable to fostering demented ds of ideologies. so i think it's not an either-or question, and it's important for young people, many thoughtful
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oung people instinctfully are suspicion of military action because too often it's used as a knee-jerk response to problems as opposed to a broader set of do tions, but we have to both, and we can do both. in terms of the united states right now, i would love to see a focus on early childhood in ation as the next step social safety net. we don't yet have institutions fully adapted to the what, women uess and and support families they need things like paid high-quality and child care, and we know that invest in children
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between the ages of 0-3, that the outcomes in terms of them getting effective educations, and having thriving lives, are enormous. we end up saving huge amounts of and from reduced crime, poverty, if we just made that early investment. that's something that some countries do better than others nd we can learn from other countries along those lines. across the board, across the i eloping world right now, think we have to attend to issues of inequality. and one of the places to start addressing these issues of inequality is making sure that every child is getting a decent ducation, and a lot of our countries are not doing as well as they should on that front. who's next? all right.
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young lady right there. yes, you. audience: hi, my name is fatima, and my question is, do you think finding the ttip an impact onl have the e.u. due to the standards or force? ions in pres. obama: for those of you who are not aware, t tip as we call it is the trade deal being negotiated between the united states and the european union. we haven't gotten it done yet. the truth is that the united already have ope trade, but ounts of there's still barriers that exist that prevent businesses nd individuals that are providing services to each other do so seamlessly.
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and if we are able to get this eal done, it's estimated that it will create millions of jobs and billions of dollars of benefits on both sides of the atlantic. is getting trade deals done tough. country has its own parochial interests and get a s, and in order to trade deal done, each country has to give something up. so it's a time-consuming process. nd people right now are especially suspicious of trade deals, because trade deals feel as if they are accelerating some of these globalizing trends that unions and d labor to be shipped s some -wage countries, and of the criticism in the past of trade deals are legitimate.
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sometimes, they have served the interests of large corporations, and not necessarily of workers in the countries that them.ipate in but we have gone through this the united ween states and asia, where we organized a large regional trade deal with 11 countries, and part plmaking in nt i'm the united states is that the answer to globalization and inequality and, you know, lack of wage growth is not to try to pull up the draw bridge and shut off trade. sure that ino make hese trade deals, we are imbedding standards and values workers' rights and help lift environmental standards and are help fight against things like human labor, and and child
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imbedded inshould be how countries trade with each other. so for example, vietnam was one of the countries that is part of this transpacific partnership, vietnam, if you want access to our markets, we different you have a political system than us, but if and rs have no rights, there's no possibility of organizing labor unions, we're not going to let you sell a bunch of sneak ers and t-shirts into our country. because by definition, you're going to be undercutting the standards of living of the folks in our country. so for the first time, the government of vietnam has its laws to ange recognize labor unions. now, they're still suppressed. those standards are not where they are in the united states or the u.k. but it gives us a lever which to begin to raise
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standards all around the world. now, that's less of an issue between the united states and europe. main thing between the united tates and europe is trying to just break down some of the regulatory differences that make it difficult to do business back and forth. plus, making sure those light up.kets are all matched [laughter] pres. obama: i mean, the right side is really irritating. [laughter] i promised i was going to call on this gentleman back here. yes, sir? right here. by this poor ng guy audience: hello, i am from london. after eight years, what would you say you would like your legacy to be? well, i still have a few more months.
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[laughter] cheering and applause] pres. obama: actually, eight months and 52 days. that i'm counting. i just made that up. i don't know. it's roughly something like that. you know, it's interesting, when you're not e job, thinking on a day-to-day basis about your legacy. you think about how do i get done what i'm trying to get done right now? and i don't think that i'll have a good sense of my legacy until 10 years from now, and i can look back with some perspective and get a sense of what worked and what didn't. i'm proud of gs countryc principle in a as wealthy as the united states, every person should have access to high quality healthcare that
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they can afford. [applause]. that's something i'm proud of. i believe in. applause] pres. obama: saving the world economy from the great depression, that was pretty good. [laughter] pres. obama: the first time i london was april 2009, and the world economy was in a free-fall. in part because of the reckless behavior of folks on wall street, and but in part, because of reckless behavior of a lot of institutions around the globe. for us to be able to mobilize take rld community, to rapid action, to stabilize the then in markets, and the united states to pass wall make it muchs that less likely that a crisis like that could happen again, i'm of that.
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i think on the international to e, the work that we did weaponspossible nuclear that iran was developing out of iran, and doing so without going to war, is something i'm very proud of. but there are things that people don't pay a lot of attention to now. ebola e response to the crisis, for about three weeks everybody was sure that everybody was going to die. we're all going to get ebola! we're all going to die! and there was sort of hysteria about it. and then everybody forgot about it. and the reason everybody forgot about it was because we mounted probably the most effective, if not most effective international public health
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responses in the history of the world and saved hundreds of thousands of lives. so i don't know, you know, i'll a score card at the end. about the fact -- i think that i have been true to myself during this process. sometimes i look back at i was running le for office and what i said match up. they there's i think a certain core i've been o what trying to do. we e had failures, and occasionally we've been blocked, one of thees back to themes of my opening statement,
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and it's important for all the to remember.here change takes time. and oftentimes, what you start your be picked up by successors or the next generation. betwe k about the gap betwebetwee between -- well, something i'm most familiar with, the american movement.hts you had abolitionists in the 700s who were fighting against lavery, and for 100 years, built a movement that eventually ed to a civil war and the amendments to our constitution called ed slavery and for equal protection under the law. took another 100 years
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for those rights that had been enshrined in the constitution to actually be affirmed through the and theghts act of 1964 voting rights act of 1965. it's taken another 50 years to try to make sure that realized.ts are nd they're still not fully realized. there's still discrimination in aspects of american life, even president.k and, in fact, one of the dangers as been by electing a black president, people have then assumed there must be no problems at all and then ferguson and see some of the issues that we've seen in the criminal justice degree to cating the which that was always false. so does that mean that all the work that was done along the way worthless?
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no. of course not. but it does mean that if any of an issue to work on that you care deeply about, disappointed if a year ut, things haven't been completely solved. succumb to p and cynicism if after five years, eradicated not been and prejudice is still out there somewhere, and we haven't resolved all of the steps we to reverse climate okay.e, it's dr. king says the ark of the universe is long but it bends toward justice. it doesn't bend on its own. it in s because we pull that direction, but it requires generations working
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of what the off previous one has done. so as president, i think it in those ways. i consider myself a runner, and of the race, but i've got a baton and i'll pass it on to the next person, and hopefully, they're running in the right direction as opposed on and wrong directi hopefully, they don't drop the baton and then they go and pass else.to somebody and that's how i think you've got to think about change generally. it is a young woman's turn. right here, in the red. yes, you. you.at's you're wearing red, yes. [laughter] udience: hi, i'm a climate change campaigner, and i want to thank you for your smart way of on the o get a grip
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problem and even talking about the value of social movements, i campaigns ng which , ve made you change your mind and where you think we need more to create campaigns meaningful change? pres. obama: that's an interesting question. are you talking about climate change in particular or just generally, on a whole spectrum of issues? that's interesting. t's interesting because i started as a community organizer trying to pressure politicians into getting things done and now i'm on the other side, what what's worked and hasn't? united u know, in the states, what's been remarkable the ra pidity with which the marriage equality movement the political landscape
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and hearts and minds and resulted in actual changes in law. [applause] pres. obama: it's probably been changes th et of that -- in terms of a social movement, that i've seen. lgbt rights generally, i didn't need a lot of pressure. a came in working on ending policy called "don't ask don't lgbt that was preventing citizens from serving in our openly. we did that very systematically. policies in terms of those who ad hiv/aids being able to immigrate to our country, visitations, so a whole
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host of the things we're already doing. but on marriage equality, i was in favor of what's called civil unions. my notion was initially that labeling those partnerships as wasn't necessary as long as people were getting the it would s, and some of le them from that ligious connotations marriage had in the minds of a and that's whys, i think -- i have to confess, my an impactenerally had on me. in le i loved were onogamous same-sex relationships, explained to me hat i should have understood earlier, which was it was not
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simply about legal rights, but about a sense of stigma, that if ou're calling it something different, that somehow, it means less in the eyes of society. manner in hat the lgbt community described marriage equality as some radical thing but actually reached out to people who said they carried about family values and said, if you are about everything that families provide, stability, partnership, then this is actually a pretty conservative position to take, uld be in favor of this. i thought that there was a lot reaching out and building and framing the issue in a way that could bring in didn't initially
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agree with them. s a general rule, i think that black or example, what lives matter is doing now to bring attention to the problem a criminal justice system that sometimes is not treating eople fairly based on race or shootings of officers, s by police has been really effective in bringing attention to problems. caution e things i young people about though that i once think is effective is you've highlighted an issue and people's attention and shined a spot light, and elected officials are people who
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re in a position to start bringing about change, are ready you can't with you, just keep on yelling at them, and you can't refuse to meet compromise might he purity of your position the value of social movements and activism is to get you at the room, and you in the then to start trying to figure how is this problem going to be solved. you then have a responsibility an agenda that is achievable, that can institutionalize the changes you speak, and to engage the other side and occasionally to take advance af that will the gains that you seek, understanding that there's going do.be more work to
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but this is what is achievable at this moment. i see is ten what wonderful activism that highlights a problem but then passionately, and are so invested in the purity of that they never take that next step and say, okay, now i've got to sit down actually get something done. we he paris agreement that just negotiated, and a number of yesterday ont sign earth day. he agreement we shaped is not going to by itself solve climate change. argues that the world is going to be -- going to do a lot more in order for us to prevent catastrophic climate change. but my strategy from the start i can n, all right, if
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get the chinese to agree with largest emitters, that we have to do something, and lock in china with us for the first time to take some steps around reducing car bon emissions and if by getting the emitters, i can leverage all the smaller in their to also put own targets for emissions. and if we can set up an recognizes theat carbon reduction and can allow countries to hold accountable, then that's a start, and we can now start turning up the dial as our science and understanding improves, as technology improves o poor countries don't have to feel they have to choose between
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development and carbon all tions, and there are kinds of compromises in that, but it's a start. climate e's some activists after the paris greement was signed said, eh, this is not enough. in the 're not conversation primarily with who's inister of india thinking i've still got 100 million people out of electricity and i have some obligation to try to relieve poverty and suffering, so i've got to balance those equities against ives of the planet as a hole. and so the good news is most of the groups that have been involved in this process have been pretty sophisticated but the general principle that i think all of you should consider. make noise, and occasionally you to get a little crazy
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a spot light hane on the issue to highlight it. in a ce people are position and have power to do something about it, are prepared you, listen to you, do your homework, be prepared, resent a plausible set of actions and negotiate and be ball down move the the field, even if it doesn't there.l the way audience: [indiscernible] pres. obama: no. ou do, but it wouldn't be fair if you just start yelling out a question. also.e it's a guy's turn all right, go ahead. audience: thank you, president, for all you did for the world and man kind.
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i think you've made a good contribution and for a lot of world.people across the my question is slightly, east africa. you said you can ask any questions. 400 young boys died in the mediterranean sea better life and international ships coming into the somali territory and water, shooters have been trying to protect the international atoters from the piracy, but the same time there have been a have been s that wasted at the somali sea. also, the coast cities, children are dying with strange diseases they've never seen, things that are coming to the coast that came out from the sea. so today, i have the opportunity while you're here for the next eight or nine months that you have, can you
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kindly use your leverage within get nternational arena to the international community to ook at this issue, and can you share something that you can take to ensure. [cheering and applause] pres. obama: well, i'll be you, i'm not fully familiar with some of the issues you referred to. i'm certainly familiar with the somalia has been going through, and we've been orking aggressively to try to help mogadishu develop a functioning state that can protect its people and that can that givesomy moving young people opportunity. the ertainly familiar with and the piracy, international concerns that led to many of these ships areas.ling these i'm less familiar with some of
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the issues that you discussed. after this do is meeting, as we're shaking hands, some additional information from you. one of the things i've learned you candent is although always fake your way through an answer, sometimes it's really know what,o say, you i don't know all the answers on his one, so i'll find out more about the specifics of what you're talking about. now, since you've raised your continue to didn't act crazy, i'm going to call on you. pres. obama: sincerest apolo es >> sincerest apologieapologies. you speak about we have to become the change you want to see, and you've spoken about progress, about human rights and about how we in the usa and the .k. need to lead in terms of civil rights issues and lgbt
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issues. i'm about to do something terrifying, as i'm coming out to you as a nonbinary person which eans i don't fit within -- i'm getting emotional. i'm so sorry. [applause] i'm from a background which has ultural implications, and i know that in north carolina recently with the bathroom bill being forced to prove their gender in order to go to the toilet. u.k. we don't recognize non-binary people under the we could ct so literally have no rights, but if there was any discrimination, there's nothing we can do. working with the last nine months with the u.k. civil service fostering with jillian smith to do what i can, even though i'm still at university and running for local election at the same time in rockford, i've manageded them to get to respect promos, and commit to
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are r toilets, and these things i've done as a student and i really wish yourself and would take us seriously as transgender people you could allude today as to what you can do to go beyond what has been accepted lgbtq rights movement, and including people who fit norms. the social [applaus [applause]. i think ma: well, -- first of all, that wasn't that crazy. ask ught you were going to to come up here and, you know, dance with me or something. [laughter] but i'm incredibly proud of the steps it sounds like you've abouty taken to speak out
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your own experience and then to movement ate a social and change laws. it sounds to me like you're on the right track. david cameron,or lthough i will say on lgbt issues, i think david has been relative to aurve lot of other leaders around the world and even here in the u.k.. i can say from my perspective taking a lot of serious steps to address these issues within the federal government. the challenge we've had is north carolina, the law that comes up, that's a state law, and because of our system of overturn on can't a own state laws, unless ederal law has passed that prohibits states from doing these things and with the congress i currently have,
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that's not likely to happen. ut we're doing a lot of work administratively. and as i said, you should feel encouraged by virtue of the fact that social attitudes on this changed faster than i've seen in any other issue. it doesn't feel fast enough for or for those who are impacted and that's good. satisfied.'t feel you should keep pushing. ut i think the trend lines are good on this, that we're moving in the right direction, and in courageous and active young people like yourself. so stick with it. right. [applause] let's see. entleman in the green here audience: thank you very much. you said something about compromise. in the age of politics, how do you inspire people to commit to compromise and fighting the
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middle ground? pres. obama: i think it's a great question. it is something that i wrestle with. would distinguish between ompromising on principles and compromising in getting things down in the here and now. what i mean by that is i am uncompromising on the notion that every person, regardless of sexual ligion, orientation, ethnicity has a has to be worth and treated equally. that uncompromising in basic principle. and i'm also of the belief that n order to realize that principle, every child has to true opportunity, that
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every child is deserving of a education, and decent the ability to can college, so that they make of themselves what they will. powerful principle in me. drives my politics, but if i sitting with congress and get halfopportunity to million more kids into an early childhood education program, even though i know that that will leave 2 million who it out of the program, but he alternative is none, i'll take half a million, and i can
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mirror andelf in the feel good about the 500,000 that i'm helping, knowing that the next round of budget negotiations that we have, i'm going to go for another half going to go for .nother half million after that so i think it's important for everyone to understand that you have to be principled. north star, ave a moral compas. there should be a reason for you getting involved in social ssues, other than vanity, or ust trying to mix and mingle and meet, you know, cute people that you're interested in. although, that's not a bad reaso reason. haha. e to recognize that, ic ticularly, in pluralist ic
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ocieties and democratic governments like we have in the united states and the u.k. there with us.e who disagree they have different perspectives. they come from different points view, and they're not bad people, just because they disagree with us. they may, in fact, they assert they have similar principles as us, but they just disagree on the means to vindicate those principles. and you are absolutely right now, we are in this age partly because of what's media, in th our different e from political parties, different can ical orientations, of d, you know, the bulk their day only talking to and
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listening to and hearing the perspectives of people who already agree with them. about the u.k. media, but in the united states, we had three television stations, and people might complain about the dominance of these three but there stations, was one virtue to them, which was everybody was kind of thing and had me the same understanding of what the facts were on any given issue. 500 oday, you have television stations, and the internet will give you 1,000 different sources of information. what's increasely happening in the united states, conservative, you're
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watching fox news, or reading a conservative blog post. liberal, you're reading huffington post or reading the new york times, and massive divergence that's taking place in terms of just what they agreed upon the assumptions are that we're talking about, and that oes make it harder to compromise and interesting showing ave been done that if you just spend time with anyle who agree with you on particular issue, that you extreme in your onvictions, because you're never contradicted and everybody mutually reinforces their perspective. that's why i think it is so important for all the young to seek out people who don't agree with yo

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