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tv   Washington This Week  CSPAN  April 24, 2016 7:00pm-8:01pm EDT

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know recently that beginning next january, the senate should listen to former senators and the good advice that they have. [laughter] hayden, to be joined by two of the most highly respected members of the senate, all of these all talking about your great leadership for two decades , that you not pratt library means a lot to me and i'm sure -- i had an additional recommendation for the record. i was at the ferguson, missouri library last week that was named library of the year in 2015. i know that you and mr. bonner have presented together on a about how thels library can fill its needs in times of unrest, and your
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libraries became safe havens when schools were closed and local businesses were closed. your library stayed open. you are a personal hero and he thought you were the most capable individual possible to run the library of congress, so that was a good recommendation from a missourian about what you have done. much more thanes the title would indicate. the library of congress is our country's oldest cultural institution and was created by , 200 years ago. it was created to promote scholarship, to promote creativity and the goal to become a pro class repository for a vast touch of work.
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leading the library of congress requires multitasking on a scale which is rarely necessary and almost any other organization. the world's largest collection of books, including the largest database anywhere of copyrighted works. the library manages more than 3000 people. the library and serves as an impartial and objective head. in the library and oversees the librarianoffice -- oversees the copyright office. has been run by individuals with lots of different backgrounds, not that many in the history of the country going back to 1800. previousbrarians --
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previous librarians. two individuals who were -- who had previous library experience. one served serving for four decades, and he was a lifelong library administrator. it is fitting that the nominee comes here today with a background in her professional life as a librarian. she has also been the chief librarian of the chicago public library. assistant professor at the university of --
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the next librarian of congress will lead an organization which has had significant physical and technological limitations and is struggling to adapt to a new century due to the historic shortage of storage space. they had millions of items which need toes find a better way to store them. there is risk of degradation of some of the collection. in addition, recent information technology management challenge has raised questions about the library's ability to serve future generations as more and more collections the to be digitally collected, preserved, and made available to the public. i look forward to hearing your testimony today on your vision as to how this job needs to be done. just a couple of housekeeping comments.
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the committee will be accepting written testimony from outside parties until april 22. information on how to submit written testimony can be found on the rules committee website. in addition, the committee will keep the record open until wednesday may 4. wehas artie been mentioned, worked last year to create the first defined term, in such a framework of opportunity, and we been glad to work on that and other issues. if you guys have to go, you can read my statement in the record if you would prefer. [laughter] >> thank you.
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i want to thank all of my colleagues. we saw each other at the greek independence day and parade a week or two ago. i want to thank you mr. chairman for moving forward with this nomination, and dr. hayden i would like to welcome you here today to my congratulate you as the nomination. and my colleague, former colleague have been enthusiastic in their praise. i share their enthusiasm for your nomination. or new york leadership, it is has -- -- it
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it is no surprise given your four decade career in library science. have no doubt about your qualifications or your ability to lead the library of congress. i would like to take a moment to talk what the job ahead of you as i see it. the nomination of a new librarian comes at a crucial juncture. ensure that the library has the resources to fulfill its mission to make its vast collection of available and useful to the american people, and to sustain and preserve this unique collection of knowledge and creativity for future generations. addition, maintaining an effective national copyright system is an integral part of that mission. content creators and businesses must be able to promptly register and record their copyright interests. they must be able to readily obtain cap information that enables them to license copyright works. for that to work, the copyright
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office must be innovative and efficient. a critical first step is to bring the it up to date. issues aretal age, constantly evolving. a big priority for the new librarian should be the implementation of planning practices that focus on the copyright office. there is a lot of hard work ahead. balancing competing pressures, budgetary constraints, that is important. thankfully, nominating dr. hayd world's 50he greatest leaders, i believe the president has put forward a candidate capable of meeting the library's many challenges and extending its reach beyond its marble halls to further enrich the lives of all americans here. i believe you are the right person. is my hope you will be swiftly
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confirmed and i look forward to working with my colleagues to make that happen shortly. we're going to go to questions, after your opening statement. we look forward to that. afternoon: good distinguished members of the community. it is truly a great honor to be here today as you consider my nomination as the 14th librarian of congress. of all the titles i have had in my professional career, i am most proud to be called a librarian and it would be my honor to have the opportunity to be the librarian of the oldest cultural institution in the nation, the library of congress. it is fitting that this testimony is being given in the week following national library week, a time when libraries of all types and sizes are celebrated and recognized for their work, and i am very
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pleased that many of my colleagues argue today. thiso want to take opportunity to thank the senators from maryland, all three. thank you for being here today. this nomination at this time provides an opportunity for me to combine and build on various aspects of my personal and professional life and my love and passion for reading and books started at a very early age when my mother, who is here today, helped me check out a book. the story of an african-american girl with pigtails. from a storefront branch in queens. from pssummers across 96. grandfather to the capital and the state library where a fellow church member kept a small collection of books by and about african-americans
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were thee experiences start of my love of books in my step into libraries. but it was not until i met a lady in another storefront, this time in chicago, where my vocation began. she was on the floor during storytime for children with autism, demonstrating the power of a librarian's work, and all my subsequent national to this.es were vital and it also is the state library for maryland. i had the honor of being president of the american library association, ala, with over 63,000 members. i left the organization at a time when libraries across the country faced severe economic challenges. there was increasing public demand for computer
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accessibility and also the need to protect the user's privacy. now i have the distinct honor to be nominated to be the librarian of congress with various mandates and responsibilities. as you know, the staff members of the congressional creatures service are what we call the special forces. press the library's most important constituency. they celebrate the works of authorship and by way of the copyright office provides services and support to the creators of content. i must say that coming from a family of musicians and artists, i understand the blood, sweat, and soul that goes into the creative process and i look forward to working with congress to ensure a fully functional copyright office that's it's the community it serves. i see it growing in its stature, not only in librarianship, but
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in how people view libraries in general. --more of its researchers resources are available online, everyone will have a sense of ownership and pride in this national treasure. reservation in new mexico will have the same access as a high school student in missouri. a fifth grader in kentucky will be able to view abraham lincoln's papers from his home computer. and a shy 10th grader from mississippi with dreams of performing will be able to view the library's leonard bernstein collection. a student from a community college in kansas can look at and even download revolutionary war maps for a class assignment. this would help libraries across the country, a small library in arkansas with a modest budget will be able to help patrons assess primary studies of george washington's papers.
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library in alabama will be able to connect to a live feed to the national book festival and see and hear their favorite authors. i envision a library of congress that can balance its various and important roles in a digital age , in a time when libraries throughout the world faced many of the same challenges, when their very existence is being questioned. the library of congress should continue to be a leader. i would be honored to be part of the legacy and a compliments of my predecessors in this position, to be part of a continuing movement to open the treasure chest that is the library of congress. this can be done without threatening the library's core responsibilities to support and advise congress, to serve users of the copyright office, and assist researchers who benefit from its exhaustive collection here if confirmed, it would be my privilege to join the
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dedicated staff and supporters of the library to ensure that andtreasures are secured treasured for years to come. thank you for your consideration and i look forward to answering your questions. you, we are going to start with a five-minute round of questions and there will be a time for a second round, so we will stay pretty close to five minutes on that first round and people can ask other questions later if they have time to state. you mentioned your predecessor, his 28 years in the library, saw lots of growth in the library, lots of growth in the collection. his leadership the the traditional analog collection, it transformed the original library, the independent building to the library, the jefferson building into a national exhibit venue that has hosted over 100 exhibits an established a host of new programs.
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he also launched a new field of outside fundraising which librarians had not done in the past. any comments you have about continuing that would be helpful, then i would also like to know what new perspective you bring to this, understanding the mission of the library that you think is going to be able to build on that foundation. dr. hayden: thank you for mentioning the legacy that i would be honored to help continue. each time that each of the librarians of congress have contributed greatly to the progress of this institution. recently, the doctor reached out to me it offered his assistance, and i would love to take them up on it. to build on the private fundraising and the efforts that he has made, he established the james madison council that has
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garnered so much support and actually helped fund the national book festival, provides many special programs that would not be possible without that public private partnership. in terms of continuing, it would be very much advantageous to build on the preservation of the collection as well as the efforts to use technology to modernize access to the collections. in the order of attendance, it will be schumer first. us aboutyou tell pratt? they said he was a merchant, but that is about it. as hayden: he did quite well
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being a merchant. he came from massachusetts to make his fortune in baltimore, right after the civil war. he did quite well. , andveloped into a banker when andrew carnegie, who is rightfullyited and so with establishing public libraries throughout the country , was not having such a good time at first, he heard about mr. pratt in baltimore and came and visited and mr. carnegie said later that he knew of no other public-private partnership that was better established than mr. pratt's. he wanted his library free of politics and religion and without the distinction of race or color in 1886. >> wow, that's great.
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it's good to know that historical knowledge. my first question, as you know, libraries response abilities require the preservation of millions of items in traditional and new media. provide program to reading material to the blind and handicapped. could you give us a short list of some of your priorities? dr. hayden: it has been mentioned, and thank you for bringing up the list of responsibilities and also referring to one of the biggest i am very, but pleased to know that this part has been advanced, making sure the library has the technology infrastructure to accomplish this many roles, particularly with the copyright office and modernizing all of its operations.
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the expansion of the helpological capacity will in not only preserving and making the materials in the the expensive collection available, but also stabilizing in making the copyright office's up your -- office secure. i mentioned i had a number of artists and creators in my family and i know the importance of copyright in making sure that people enjoy the content but also respect the people who created. >> thank you. second, the national library service provides important services to blind and went-disabled readers so that, quote, all may read. this service is critical to the print-disabled readers
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of new york, so tell me about your vision for mls. how do you see them adopting to meet the needs of the nation's readers? dr. hayden: i'm very pleased you mentioned that aspect. it does not always receive that much attention but it is important. illinois,xperience in i have had the opportunity to work with the libraries for the blind and physically handicapped, and one thing that will be very helpful would be to make sure that materials that are digitized are available in formats that would allow people with challenges to read in various ways. confirmed i would be very interested and very supportive of expanding that role. >> great.
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and nominating you, president obama cited your technological accomplishments. how do you see both the library of congress and the copyright .ffice using upgraded i.t systems to advance their commissions? -- iayden: i have the very have been very heartened to have had discussions with the new chief information officer at the library of congress. he was appointed in september as the result of a lot of concern of the technological needs of the library of congress. he has, in that time, accomplished quite a bit in terms of addressing everything in the government accountability office report, in terms of assessing the needs of the library of congress, and also making sure the basic infrastructure can support a fully functional and efficient
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copyright office. he has assured me, and i am glad we are on the record, and i will quote him, that if i am nominated -- well i am nominated , but if confirmed, technology will not be a problem. he is very confident. he comes from the department of defense. >> great, thank you. thank you, mr. chairman and thank you dr. hayden not just for your service but to the visit to a lot of our offices for a chance for us to get to know you preceding this hearing, i appreciate that. i think in that conversation, , and so myalked purview is with the library of congress. if everything goes according to plan i think will get to know each other very well.
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i want to ask, first of all you mentioned the new chief information officer which i understand is working well. but there is also a new division called the international outreach. time early, but how much you have had to look at this, i libraryyou said your has used the service is many times, i don't know if you have any thoughts on that particular part. dr. hayden: i smiled because i had another wonderful session with the head of the newly formed national and international office, it is six months old, and its mandate is to expand the outreach of the libraries programs and exhibits throughout the country and the world, and is being led by the college.esident of a looking at all of
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, andays that it can help it is an exciting time. it seems like it is going to be quite an effective way to get the resources out. >> i look forward to that. you mentioned the special haves, and all of us here respect for the reports they generate for legislative debate. but the question i'm going to ask is maybe a little bit of a sticky wicket here. publicre members of the who generally do not get access to these reports unless it is through private databases, and you probably know there is a discussion and some legislation as to whether or not these crs
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reports should be made available to the public. without asking directly if you want to weigh in on that i would be happy to hear, but i would encourage you or if you had already put really is thought in two ways that the crs reports itself could modernize a phone at or something of that nature with her is more accessibility to these very valuable reports. dr. hayden: i think that what has been interesting as i had heard different views on the amount of accessibility of the reports that are very extensive, there is so much resource -- research that goes into them, there is confidentiality. and i would really look forward to the opportunity to study and work with congress on the cost, staffing, and other aspects of making parts of the reports
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available, how you make them available, without stepping over -- steppingterms of over the line in terms of how much public service you provide. and is the special forces research arm for congress, and as a public library in i know that you have to -- public librarian i know that you have to balance those two. kind of jump in on the i.t. issue. there have been brought requests t. funding. they had made changes in terms of addressing that issue. i would just say that, as a member of the senate, this
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viable resource we have, i think you will find a lot of support for the biggest and broadest information-technology programs that you may need to jump us into the next chair on. you would just -- into the next traunch. dr. hayden: it is a challenge but i have been assured they are well on their way. >> secular much. -- thank you very much. >> thank you. a lot of people have been focusing on the copyright issues, technological issues which i think are really important. but there was one thing i wanted to mention. bill about the subject raised on crs.
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they do not make their reports public, websites often retain copies of many of the reports and then charge their clients for them. those same reports are not available to americans, yet their taxes fund the crs. report,ists can buy the we believe that they should be available to all americans, given that americans are paying for those reports and that is why i am cosponsoring this bill, equal access to congressional research reports act, and it would ensure taxpayers have equal access to reports on a free and public website. we may or may not want to comment on this bill come upon your view, was the role of the library of congress and promoting transparency of
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government and making information accessible to all americans? you for thathank because it shines a light on the excellent resources and reference services of the congressional research service, and what it does for congress, and i have heard different views on and alluded to them on how to make the reports and what portions of the reports, when in the process of reference, information is made available. i look forward to investigating that even more, if confirmed. study how and when public access could benefit. a lot of research goes into those reports. yet, of course, and i am looking forward to looking into this more as well. it made no sense to me that these are government reports and
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they should be available to all the public. lobbyists are charging their clients to see the work that the government performed at the taxpayers expense. i think it will be interesting to look at that more and i appreciate going on this journey together, after hopefully you get confirmed for this position. positionalso held the as president of the american library association. how do you see that position helping you? you must get to know a lot of the librarians across the country. we were talking about the anniversary of the women's right to vote and how some of the things i'm hoping we could do with that. could you talk about how knowing some of these librarians and working with them across the country will be helpful in your current job that you are seeking? thank you for acknowledging my colleagues, many of them are here today, including a strong contingent
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from maryland. of thethe support broader library community, even getting commute from the 56 graduate library schools that are preparing librarians for the andre, academic libraries colleges and universities, special libraries. k-12 librarians in schools all over the country. a really helps define what lead library like the library of congress can be, and be able to network together all libraries, especially ones that are having their very existence challenged in the age of technology. we have been together showing people that there is a continuum from their local library in a small town, i will mention
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sparta, illinois, former coal mining town. then having the resources of america's library being able to put right there, it will strengthen the network and i think helped create what libraries have always done, and informed electorate and citizens. >> when i was little my dream was to be a librarian and i started my own tally with the two decimal system and a recipe box, but then i got this job. thank you very much. dr. hayden: thank you. >> blatant appeal to the crowd having your own duly decimal dewie decial system.
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it was a kopelman. just to show your capacity to get to the right point at the right time. i'm honored to be able to be here today, serving as a member of the committee to congratulate our newest nominee for this important job, this librarian of congress. rather than to delay the questions that others might have, let me just say that i think this is a great day for the library of congress, it a great day for the united states senate, and many of those expressions of support and appreciation and admiration came through during the delightful event last night that i was pleased to join. forward to working with you as a member of the oversight committee, and we wish you all the successes that you can imagine. dr. hayden: thank you, senator.
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senator king and then sen. boozman:. thank you. i want to talk for a few minutes about copyright. it seems to me it is one of the most important jobs before you. i.t. ms of organization, policy. i tried to explain copyright to my children and their eyes glaze over, they do not even know it exists. copyright is very complex. , the idea ofstions divesting part of their responsibility, but what are your thoughts about the possibility of spinning out the copyright office coming have -- office, having its own director?
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i think the fact that is lodged in the library as a historic artifact, given its importance in society should have its own separate existence. dr. hayden: thank you for mentioning young people, i would like to address that and how we could work to make the new digital generation, they are digital natives, to be aware of what this means, it means caution, and they should respect the fact that they are looking at something. itnever they see that "c" should be a red or a you light for them, and it should be taught as early as second or third grade. one of my favorite examples is to have a project that they have anded two or three hours on are really proud of it, then you johnny,them and say, i'm going to put fred's name on it.
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that is the most graphic way to let them know that part in creativity should be protected, it should get credit for. of the independence of the office itself, i have heard quite a few proposals and they all get back to the core concern and one that i share. the copyright office should be fully functional and should have its independence to carry out its mandate to protect the creators of content. i have mentioned my own personal history, a father who was a recording artist and going into a mall and hearing snippets of his music. it isso knowing that vital that artists and creators register theirto
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works and even challenge the use of their works in a timely and efficient fashion. takenfirmed, i would special interest in making sure that that office is able to in a wayts functions that would protect the people it serves, and that is the creators of content. >> do you think it would assist in that project if it had its own separate appointed director and was in office unto itself? dr. hayden: i'm not able to, at wouldoint, say that that be the only way to accomplish what we all want. i have heard so many, not only congressional advocates and the want,ve community, we all and i am including myself and
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ist community, what we want that office to have everything it needs. if confirmed, i would like to work with congress and examine how we could really make sure that that happens. to the discussion about the i.t. and the need to upgrade, we need to make accessible. cio, iked about your new do not know him, i'm sure he is terrific, and i have one piece of advice. number one, trust but verify. don't always go on what the i.t. people tell you. you sit down at the computer and make the website work, and if you cannot make it work, ask them why. as governor, i used to have fun calling the 800 numbers in my state to see what you get for an answer and how long it takes them to answer. i'm serious about this, because
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quite often, i once was setting up a hearing, i called someone and said, who will be the witness? they said deputy undersecretary. i said i do not know titles, who is this guy? he said, the highest level where they still know anything. you and i are now above that level. [laughter] so, i really think it is important that you would be the ultimate judge and whether things are working. dr. hayden: i can assure you, inator, that at this point my discussions with mr. barton who is the new cio and a permanent appointment, that have been part of the difficulty that they had had several different chief information officers, that in our discussion, he was able
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to explain things to me from security needs to storage and everything in a way that i could repeat it and actually knew what he was saying. that i worked with i.t. professionals for a number of years on very different -- difficult projects. test, if they can explain it and also make you understand and if i can get on the website or whenever function that is being presented and do well, that is a good sign. >> thank you for your testimony. security is going to be more important going forward, and copyrights as well as the digital totalization -- digitization. i appreciate you coming by
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the office not too long ago and having a good visit to our visit i also want to give a shout out to your mom. that makes her very special. you are special but she is very special. we touched on a few of these things. there has been a lot talk about the copyright and the challenges there, but besides the copyright, what would be your biggest priorities, what you see as the biggest challenges with the job as you come in? dr. hayden: thank you, and especially for the shout out to helena. my mom was very thrilled when i put the pin on the arkansas state for her. one of the biggest challenges now that the technology
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's 60 -- andre and securing that base, the copyright and congressional research service has i.t. needs as well, will be to bring the leadership team and the wonderful staff members at the library of congress together with the shared vision and to work as a team together to advance. sometimes, as you probably know with larger organizations that have these specialized aspects, it is hard to get out of the silo effect, and the challenge but also the one that has one of the greatest rewards of any -- how do i put it?
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i said challenge, by management opportunity -- but a management opportunity, is to get everyone rowing in the same direction. i have assured that they all have the same goal as mine to make the library of congress and all of its functions and manage the best. >> we do a lot of things in a feeling- there is perhaps that we do things you could argue whether or not we should be doing. the library of congress is special and i would argue that i cannot do that as an individual, it is a very special institution. i always encourage people who are up to her visiting to be sure to go to the library of congress, it is probably the most beautiful building we have. it really is a national treasure. on this befored
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but i want to touch on it again because i think it is so important. not everybody gets to come up. and experience that. your plansin about on how to get the library out to the hinterlands. how to do that? how do we do a better job? dr. hayden: rural areas are sometimes not given the attention that they deserve in bringing culture and information beyond just the basics of making sure they have the broadband capacity to take advantage of the online resources i mentioned earlier. in a small town, having access papers or aincoln's popular plate now, "hamilton,"
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in the papers of alexander hamilton our online. important to have exhibits that travel. low-cost exhibits that could of reproduction in church halls, anywhere in a town. coming from a background where my dad was born in a town of 10,000, my grandfather was a postman. it means so much to have access to special types of things. not only with the exhibits to be put intoe different places in a town, but possibly some of the artifacts themselves. it has been done with the smithsonian and other institutions, and we could do it with the library of congress. >> thank you. being the president of the
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american library association is, i'm sure, a great honor, maybe not an unmixed blessing because suddenly you are responsible for everything being talked about. there are a couple areas of criticism you and i have talked about and i would like to get your response to those on the record to date. -- record today. protection actet was passed, the american library association challenged the constitutionality of that arguing that it violated the first amendment. leader ofthen as a the national organization through up to now, you have commented on this several times. do you want to talk about that whole issue of what kind of violation that would have been, and then the issue of what kinds of things need to happen in a
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library to be sure that children do not have access to material that we would not want them to have access to, and how often you have to revisit that whole concept? dr. hayden: i really appreciate that question because there has been quite a bit of misinterpretation of the library associations position during that time. 2003-2004, and at that time the filters that would have been required for libraries to install were found to prohibit access to very important health information and notable at that time was breast cancer. since that time, the technology has improved and the filters that are installed to receive the prattnding, and
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library has installed filters that have improved, and the need to be vigilant is also something libraries are doing not only to the technological aspect, but plain, physical arrangements of computers. making sure that there are fa ce-out positioning of computer monitors as well as very few, if any cubicles that contain computers as well. and education, and making sure that people know that pornography is illegal and we do not support that in any shape or form. >> you don't think that pornography, illegal as you describe it, has a place in the library? dr. hayden: bottom line, no. >> at the same time there are things in the library that are not appropriate for everyone who visits the library to see. dr. hayden: yes.
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the way you describe it is exactly the way that libraries even designed their buildings and the furniture, and making sure there is even signage that unaccompanied adults and children's sections are going to be questioned. there are so many safety measures put in public libraries and even college and university libraries to make sure that minors are safe and that they are not exposed to objectionable material, as far as we can prevent. your final degree was a phd from the university of chicago, a very highly respected institution, a logger early work was a children's librarian. these are issues you have always cared about. dr. hayden: yes, and it has been
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interesting -- i mentioned earlier with the proceed with caution for copyright, that if you pay attention with the front end it sometimes helps in terms of later. anding with young people seeing what imagination can be sparked -- 3-d printers are now has araries and that perfect time to let young people know that all of this information you can get on your --ice is not free for use for you to use and put your name on it. i have been very involved with youth issues for quite a while. gave of howle you you early on express to someone the importance of their own creative work is the indication of how you would approach a number of these issues. on another thing from the american library association, when the patriot act was passed,
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librarians objected to a particular part of that. the law was changed to what is now called the librarians provision. do want to talk about that a little bit? dr. hayden: yes, that was quite a time. 2003-2004.so in the entire nation was concerned about security and it was a time of great apprehension, and people were going into libraries to find information about all of the different aspects of what was going on. the library community was very concerned that in the quest for security and making sure that we the public's, that rights were also considered as well. there have been a number of reforms to the patriot act with the approval of
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congress that has helped alleviate the library community's concerns and we are -- i think i can also say that the american library association is very pleased at the progress that has been made to balance security and personal rights. be,ould an example of that under the original discussion or was some thought that law enforcement might be able to come in and say we would like to look through your records and see who has been looking at certain books, looking up we wouldhings, or even like to look at a certain persons library record without a court saying that was necessary. was that the concern? dr. hayden: that was the basis of it, and especially the bulk collection of information about who was interested in a subject.
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what we were concerned about, and especially at that time, 2003-2004, that interest in a subject could be misinterpreted as intent to do something. interest and intent were not equal, we were saying. the country has generally come to that position. everybody was trying to figure out, what we do to stop this from happening again? sometimes that requires a lengthy discussion as to the right way to do that here any follow-up questions? we will have the record to the time i announced earlier for additional questions. anything you want to add dr. hayden that you wish to cover? dr. hayden: well, i had a few. i just wanted to thank everyone
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for their support and for your consideration, mr. chairman. i really appreciate this nominatedy, and to be , as a career librarian, i must all you this is one of the highest honors and i thank you for this opportunity. >> thank you, hearing is adjourned. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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>> c-span's "washington journal," live every day.
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coming up monday morning, christina marcos joins us by the debatesview taking place this week on capitol hill. then former republican national committee chair will steal will discuss the rules governing the recentvention and discussions. ron pollack examines the recent announcement by unitedhealth group they are pulling out by most exchanges by 2017. the overall status of health care coverage in the u.s. be sure to watch "washington journal," next, q&a with ron chernow talking about his biography of alexander hamilton.
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then, and david cameron takes questions from the house of commons. after that, a news conference with president obama and the merkel. merkel. oh -- angela this week on q&a, historian ron chernow. he talks about the hit broadway musical hamilton in the consulting work he did on it. then minimal miranda base their musical on journal passion biography of alexander hamilton. chernow, when did alexander hamilton first kid on your radar? ron: i started writing about it in 1998. the reason i chose to

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