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tv   US House of Representatives Special Orders  CSPAN  May 16, 2016 7:00pm-8:29pm EDT

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the speaker pro tempore: the house will be in order. please remove your conversations from the chamber. the speaker pro tempore: the house will be in order. the chair will now entertain requests for one-minute speeches. for what purpose does the gentleman from -- the gentlewoman from florida seek recognition?
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ms. ros-lehtinen: permission to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from florida is recognized. ms. ros-lehtinen: the u.s. deputy secretary is in participating and with the cast tro regime this will serve as another coupe. the obama administration and uba have held tech neck call intercepted of cocaine and on route to belgium. this isn't the first time they tried to ship illicit materials. 240 tons of illegal weapons were
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intercepted by the ship going from cuba to north korea. this shipment was the largest going to north korea in violation of several u.n. ecurity resolutions. cuba's military owns and operates cuba's port facilities. how does cocaine and shipments get on to these ships? i doubt our deputy sect will issue quir when he meets with the cuban counterpart. shame on us, mr. speaker. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from california seek recognition? >> permission to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: without objection.
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>> thank you very much, mr. speaker. today is a day is a very emotional day for myself and my family. many years ago, there was a beautiful young woman who grew up in my district and daughter of immigrants and i was lucky enough to meet her and lucky enough for her to accept a date. and we dot married, 24 years ago today and i wanted to take an opportunity to thank her for having a moment of laughs and accepting that date and eventually for us to get married and we have four beautiful children that we've raised and i don't take it for granted as her parents are from mexico and we are providing a better life for
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our children. i stand before you as a proud american and i'm married to on sanchez woman, norma and someone i miss you very much. i'm thousands of miles away, but thank you for understanding and i look forward to understanding to celebrate with you soon, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. mr. paulsen: pirges to address the house for one minute. it is national law enforcement week and time to honor the men and women that. the shooting shows us the dangers that law enforcement faces. whenever i do. it's important we we recognize
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their efforts. and i was pleased that last week we re-authorized the bullet ploof grant program to help agencies to obtain equipment. we passed my bill to provide law enforcement for more tools to find missing children. gratitude.eet of the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized for one minute. ms. lee: the international day tmp individuals bring awareness to discrimation. this day has expanded to every corner of the world and celebrated in more than 10
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countries and 37 countries where -- sex lalt is i will illegal. despite last year, many want to turn the. north carolina, mississippi and the laws cast light. these hateful bills are more than state-sanctioned hate. supporting the goals and ideals against transfope yeah and thank the colleagues to sign on as co-sponsors. i urge you to join me in speaking against lgbt hatred and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from pennsylvania recognition?
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mr. thompson: permission to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. mr. thompson: as co-chairman of the technical caucus, i who ize mary an boulders was named administrator of the year. she is the vice president of the secondary education at the central institute of science and technology located in center county. she has been with c.p.i. having previously worked with the tyrone school district. this is a true sign a in helping students not only across pennsylvania but across the oons. she is working on a grant to assisting students and teachers environment.e best
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rereceived the word that she had won this reward. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new hampshire seek ecksnigs -- recognition? mr. guinta: i rise to recognize the men and women who protect new hampshire. a robbery suspect shot and wounded two police officers. they caught the suspect. the officers are healing. other police officers who risk their lives every day haven't been lucky. two have died earlier the line of duty. ashley's name will join those on
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the memorial in darksdrs. officers are here to pay their respects. i had the pleasure of meeting the portsmouth p.d. and my build increased their access to anticipate overdose passed the house and i'm a proud partner to make their jobs easier and safer. this week is an opportunity for us to thank them those who have made the ultimate sacrifice. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. for what purpose does gentlelady from texas seek recognition? ms. jackson lee: permission to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized. ms. jackson lee: i senched on the homeland security committee and in that capacity over the oversight including the t.s.a.
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and ranking member of our subcommittee and our chairpersons. let me be very clear, we want america to be secure. but i had the privilege of meeting with the administrator of t.s.a. and i'm very sure that as we build the t.s.o. oomplet's and work to correct these issues, we couldn't have a better front line defense. as i travel to airports across the nation and watch the citizens traveling through and i see how important t.s.o.'s are. it is more important to make sure we have the right kind of staffing. 4,000 and a professional federal staff is very important, similar to
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the law enforcement agencies that we have. privatization is not the answer. but efficiency, good equipment and training is and we have to make sure we have that force to secure the american people and secure the nation's airports and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from south carolina seek recognition? without objection, recognized for one minute. mr. wilson: we celebrated small business week and contributions that small businesses make providing opportunities for small businesses. and these individuals represent 97% of all employers in our state. i'm grateful to represent these entrepreneurs who are dedicated to created jobs to have
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meaningful and fulfilling lives. i appreciate meeting with the small business communities. led by president where i was inspired by the personnel. i participated in a discussion with the national federation of independent business about the outreach of government and overreach. small businesses are not supported by this administration because the burdensome tax regulation. i look forward to working with my house republicans as we support reforms to create jobs and opportunities. in conclusion, god bless our troops and may the president never forget the global war on terrorism. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from georgia seek recognition? mr. carter: permission to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my
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remarks. rise today to recognize the hard work of volunteers. it rebuilds homes with the goal of a safe and healthy home in the community. the nonprofit organization was founded in 1973 in midland, texas who recognized the need. in the beginning, the group worked on those homes once a year, each april, but by 1988, the rebuild together gained recognition. we have volunteers to complete 10,000 rebuild projects and has built homes. one of four networks in the state of georgia. i want to thank everyone and for the hard work and the life-changing services that this group has provided across
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america. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: members are reminded to remove your conversations from the floor. for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition? >> permission to address the house for one minute. >> americans are skeptical about the news they receive on climate change. a recent gallup poll found that 46% of americans believe that the natural changes are the result. americans are split as to the cause. however the liberal national media only portrays one side of the story. over the last month, every "new york times" and "washington post" article on this topic attributed warmer tims solely to human activity. what's amazing with all the
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edia bias, half of all americans remain skeptical. e americans need to know all the facts. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. for what purpose does the gentlewoman from north carolina seek recognition? . ms. foxx: may 15 has been recognized as peace officers memorial day in the calendar week in which may 15 falls as national police week. during national police week we honor those law enforcement officers who have lost their lives in the line of duty for the safety and protection of others. in 2016 252 fallen law enforcement heroes were added to the national law enforcement officers memorial. their sacrifice is not forgotten, their families remain in our prayers during this beak of -- during this
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week of remembrance. the men and women who dedicate their lives to law ebb ers -- enforcement not only keep our families safe, they also help to preserve the way of life we hold so dear. they walk the neighborhood beats, patrol our streets, and willingly do the dangerous work that makes our lives safer. they deserve our gratitude today and every day. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman yields back the balance of her time. for what purpose does the gentleman from california seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute, revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. lamalfa: thank you, mr. speaker. tonight i introduced house resolution 731, expressing congress' opposition to laws requiring that microstamping technology be included in handguns. time and time again studies have shown that microstamping technology has failed to achieve any reliable effectiveness. study by the university of california-davis certainly --,
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certainly no hot bed for the second amendment, recommended against imposing microstamp, determining it did not work reliably. mr. speaker, the only real impact of microstamping is to increase costs and make it more difficult for americans to exercise their second amendment rights. unfortunately the true intent of these laws, not to increase safety, but to make them more difficult for law-abiding citizens to own firearms. even the ninth circuit court aagreed, the most overturned court in the country, just today that laws intended solely to prevent americans from exercising their rights are unconstitutional. mr. speaker, i ask my colleagues to reject these laws and join me in standing up for the second amendment and join on thousand resolution 731. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. is there anyone else seeking recognition for one minutes d? the chair lays before the house the following personal request. the clerk: leave of absence requested for mr. swal we will of california for today -- mr.
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swalwell of california for today. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the request is granted. under the speaker's announced the of january 6, 2015, gentlewoman from ohio, mrs. beatty, is recognized for 60 minutes as the designee of the majority -- minority leader. mrs. beatty: mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent that all members be given five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and add any extraneous material relevant to the subject matter of this discussion. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mrs. beatty: mr. speaker, i rise this evening as co-anchor, along with my classmate and scholar, congressman jeffries, from the eighth district of new york, for tonight's congressional black caucus special order hour. equal justice under the law, criminal justice reform, and challenging the school to
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prison pipeline. congressman jeffries leads by example. he's a member of the criminal justice task force, and he has a long personal and professional history of being a brother's keeper. this evening the congressional black caucus comes to the house floor to discuss the current state of america's criminal justice system and the necessary reform. reform that will allow us to invest in our communities and expand opportunities for all americans. mr. speaker, the school to prison pipeline is an epidemic that is plaguing schools across the nation. mr. speaker, the need and appetite to reform our federal criminal justice system has been building for years. and now it is clear that there
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is consensus that the time is now to take meaningful action. the school to prison pipeline refers to the policies and practices that pushes our nation's children, especially our most at-risk children, out of the classroom and into the juvenile and criminal justice system. far too often students are expended, expelled or even arrested for minor offenses at leads to a visit to the principal's office a thing of the past. statistics reflect that these policies disproportionately target students of color and those with a history of abuse, neglect, poverty or learning disability. those who are unnecessarily forced out of school become sigma advertised and fall
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behind -- stigmatize and fall behind in their stud -- stigmatized and fall behind in their studies, mr. speaker. many decide to drop out of school altogether and many others commit crimes in their communities. former u.s. attorney general eric holder discussed the issue in a speech to the american bar association in 2013. stating that rigged discipline policies -- rigid discipline policies transform too many educational institutions from the doorway of opportunity into the gateway to the criminal justice system. and that a minor school disciplinary offense should put a student in the principal's office, not in the police precinct. according to recent data by the department of education, african-american students are arrested far more than their white classmates. black and hispanic students represent more than 70% of
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those involved in school-related arrests or referrals to law enforcement. and currently african-americans make up 2/5 of combined youth today, mr. speaker. in my home state of ohio, the impact of suspensions and expulsions on communities is striking. in ohio, a history of prior suspensions from school is the number one factor that leads to children to dropping out of school. children who do not finish high school, as we all are aware, are more likely to end up incarcerated or in our juvenile or criminal justice system. and they are 3.5 times more likely to be arrested. approximately 82% of the adult population is composed of high school dropouts. mr. speaker, unfortunately this is a pipeline that reflects the
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prioritization of incarceration over education. but, mr. speaker, i come today as a member of the congressional black caucus because i believe we can disrupt the pipeline. to do this, we need to be honest about the opportunity gaps that exist across our country and in our schools. because you cannot talk about the school to prison pipeline without discussing what needs to be provided as economic opportunities. we need better educational chances for our young people, we need more support to our families so they can do the best job that they can or that they are capable of doing to help support their children. we must confront prejudices in our nation head-on. and that is why initiatives like the white house's my brother's keepers is so important. to my brother's keepers task
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force, it is a coordinated federal effort to address persistent opportunity gaps faced by boys and young men of color and ensure that all young people can reach their full potential. mr. speaker, lastly, this past weekend i met with the dynamic man of the columbus chapter of a fraternity in my district and saw my brother's keepers' work at hand firsthand. i learned of their many forms of being role models, being community mentors for at-risk students, particularly young males who are in need of inspiration and counsel regarding their choice of a life's career. the mentoring men of the fraternity were men who are doctors and lawyers, government officials, teachers and entrepreneurs, just to name a
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few. mr. speaker, these men are role models for the community. they bought a house in my district and they used that home as an anchor to provide opportunities in leadership development, professional networking, and positive reinforcement. so tonight it is important for me to put a face on what we need to do as one small example to stop the education prison to pipeline. so tonight i salute phillip shotwell, paul marsh, richard ockett, attorney byron pots, dr. gus parker, and board of directors in a thanian jordan for being men who -- nathaniel jordan for being men who understand that if we are going to stop the education or the school to prison pipeline, we need to look at our own
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districts. a young man asked them why he should stay in school. and they replied, young man, you are your own future. we are relying on you to be a law-abiding citizen, educated, self-sufficient and a good citizen. because we don't want you to be a statistic in the school to prison pipeline. mr. speaker, tonight you will hear many stories, you will hear facts and you will hear about legislation. and let me end by saying, i am proud to be a co-sponsor of the safe, accountable, fair and ffective safe justice act of 2015, h.r. 2944, a bill that recognizes the importance of mentoring and reducing recidivism and helps offenders think through the decisions that confront them when they leave prison. my honor now, mr.
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speaker, to yield to our chairman of the congressional black caucus, a person who has a long background in being an advocate and fighter for those o are in our community and face many of the things yue you're going to hear tonight, and -- things you're going to hear tonight, and that is congressman g.k. butterfield from north carolina. mr. butterfield: let me thank you, congresswoman beatty, for yielding time and thank you for your friendship and thank you for all that you do. not just for the congressional black caucus but for all that you do for the constituents that you represent back in ohio, and for what you do for all people in america. let me also thank mr. jeffries, congressman jeffries, for your great work and your willingness to participate in these special order hours. i know the evening is late sometimes, but the two of you come to the floor and you work so very hard. thank you, thank you so very much.
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i want to spend my few minutes, if i can, mrs. beatty, talking about just an overview of the criminal justice system. there's no question that the criminal justice system is broken. all of us, i think, can agree on that. those on the left and those on the right. all of us, even for different reasons perhaps, come to one conclusion, that the criminal justice system is in need of serious, serious reform. i know that we are debating legislation here in the house regarding reforming the criminal justice system, our colleagues over in the senate are doing the same. but it's time for action. it's time for action on criminal justice reform in the 114th congress. as many of my colleagues know, i spent 30 years, 30 long years in a courtroom. half of those as a lawyer, the other half as a judge. most of the 15 years as a judge i was a trial judge. which meant i was on the front line in our criminal justice
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system and saw it firsthand. i can tell you, without a question, that the criminal justice system in america is in need of serious reform from the top to the bottom. we've all heard the statistics and i'm going to repeat them again tonight. 2.2 million americans are in prison. and of those, that number, that number's disproportionately african-american. 25% of the world's prison population right here in the united states of america. just think about that, mrs. beatty. we are 5% of the world's population. but 25% of those who are incarcerated are incarcerated in the united states of america. so we have a serious problem of mass incarceration that must be reduced. the point i want to put into the record tonight is that of those who are incarcerated in this country, 90% of those are incarcerated at the state
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level. 10% incarcerated at the federal level. 90% incarcerated at the state level. when we discuss criminal justice reform and congressman bobby scott is going to be speaking in a few minutes and he talks about this all of the time, as well as congresswoman sheila jackson lee, when we discuss criminal justice reform, we must not only talk about reform at the federal level, but we must find ways to require states to reform their criminal justice system at the local level. look at their system and seek ways to reduce massive incarceration. too many of those incarcerated at the state level are in prison for drug-related offenses or crimes that don't endanger the communities. we get telephone calls and i'm
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sure my colleagues get calls rom those who are seeking ways to ex punk their records so those men and women can get some of those offenses, techly those offenses dealing with petty crimes and misdemeanor and drug-related offenses. it prevents young people from getting gainful employment. we also need to encourage states to look at ways to remove criminal charges from criminal records that did not result in a conviction. and i think most of my colleagues can relate to that. we know that police officers at the local level will charge a young offender with multiple offenses at the time of arrest and some of the off especiallies
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are not deserving of a charge ut sometimes police have a overcharge and those are reduced to one charge or two charmings and the defendant pleads guilty and the case is disposed while the other eight or 10 charges are on the young person's criminal record and just that the individual has been charged with a crime prevents that young person from getting a. and it happens in every state in america and our public school systems should not use the court ystem as a means are of of punishment with behavioral problems in schools. i thank my colleagues for all of
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your work and your effort and your tremendous effort because 's real and we need criminal justice reform and we need it now and i yield back. mrs. beatty: the criminal justice system is broken and that's why the congressional black caucus is here tonight to make sure we are prepared to outline the steps and the legislation that we are going to be in the fover front and thank you for your leadership in making this a top priority. thank you. it is my honor and privilege to yield to the gentleman from virginia, a true scholar, an attorney and someone who is a leader in tonight's caucus, someone who has worked tirelessly to make sure we do
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just more than we stand and talk about this issue tonight but he comes tonight to talk about real reform, to falk about making a difference in our broken criminal just ties system. mr. scott: i appreciate the the gentlewoman from ohio for organizing this special order to discussion the need for criminal justice reforl. we have serious problems. for too long, policy makers have played politics by enacting tough on crime and sound bites such as three strikes and you are out and if you do the adult crime you do the adult time.
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their impacts range to actually increasing the crime rate. the united states despite representing 5 mrs of the world's population, now has the highest incorporation rate by people are lion behind bars. t over 700 persons for every 00,000 population. recent studies have questioned the studies, the pew research center has estimated after 350 ny crime reduction begins to diminish and it becomes counterproductive. as i said, the rate is 700,000
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per 100,000. there are too many children being raced by a parent in prison and people are unable to find jobs. the bureau of prings is consuming too much. and they have fewer and fewer resources that can reduce crime and enhance public safety. the ratethe hardest rg some ,000 100,000 and jurisdictions lock up blacks at the rate of 400, a rate 40 times the national average the the war exacerbated this
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problem. nd many more are serving sentences. the racial disparities, despite than have rates higher african-americans and at a rate 10 times. so we all agree there is a problem with mass incarceration. what's the best way to solve it. while reviewing any legislative package, i think there are some key principles we have to address. irst, address reduce and shortening the prisonner's length of stay and ballooning the state's populations. especially those for drug and firearm offenses.
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we must address the impact on race in the criminal jugs ties system. nd fourth, reform must address addiction issues, requiring treatment plans to resolve issues. and rather than implementing tough on crime lock them up. everybody knows that the war on drugs has failed. we need to address irt as a public health issue. we must provide for completing those programs found to actually work with a particular focus on those with the greatest need. and any legislation must be based on evidence and not on
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sound bites. so how do the current proposals stack up. we look at the bills that have been sent out and they fail to embody any of the principles and often take the opposite approach. these bills reduce the number of admissions and they create new mapped da tower minimums or mandatory consecutive inhansments and enhance mandatory minimums that wouldn't t them and limit who could benefit. it is unknown there will be an increase or decrease. if these bills pass compared to doing nothing. the united states sentencing commission has been unable to
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quantify the expansions or limitations for relief. we cannot determine whether these bills will have an an effect. they do eliminate mandatory minimums and creates new minimums and enhancements which must be served. and applying them to people who would not be eligible. and if we are trying to address massive incarcerations, neither the bills address the racially disparate impact. in particular, those with dug and firearm offense have been stud i'd and found to have a
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disparity impabblet. they do nothing to reduce, they create and create new sentencing enhancements and may make sentencing even worse. finally, both bills would limit and if you look at the limitations, you will find they have a racially disparity impact. us use s the strategy in the bills is not a public health approach, the bills impossible mandatory prison time. this isn't a approach. the comprehensive reduce, these bills have turned them
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upside down and completed the programs with the lowest need while barring offenders with highest risk from benefiting. this approach violates research but the racial disparities. mr. speaker, there is a.m. will research to show what credible reform ought to look like. texas, one of the nations most conservative states passed legislation based on evidence and the result was a significant reduction in crime, significant reduction in incarceration and saving of billions of dollars. and the act which i co-sponsored ith mr. sensenbrenner that she is supporting is based on the exas model and early
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intervention program and state level, comprehensive police training, drug and a significant reduction in the reduction of mandatory sentences and second -chance program of. all of the provisions in the bill are fully paid for by reallocating the reduction and mandatory minimums and we don't have to accept a bill that fails to conform. he legislation ought to be readily available and the bills reported out of the house have nothing based in research and sadly seemed more concern about criminal justice reform with little regard to end our
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country. the safe justice act is an approach will reduce crime and save money. so i appreciate the gentlelady from ohio and the gentleman from new york for hosting tonight's special order and yielding me the time and i yield back. s. beatty: thank you for clearly articulating why we cannot let our criminal justice system remain on this trajectory. i would like to yield to the congressman from the 13th district of california, my colleague and my friend is someone who travels the world, advocating for those who live in poverty, advocating for those who are incarcerated in this
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broken criminal justice system that we are focusing on tonight. it is my honor to yield as much time, congressman barbara lee. ms. lee: thank you for those remarks but i tharning you for your leadership and for continuing to come down here each and every week to ensure that your voice, the congressional black caucus are really put forth so the people of our country will understand the critical issues before us and the congressional black caucus is leading on each and every issue. you have done a nonl job and you have gone beyond the call of duty and thank you for your efforts. . .
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the united states of america imprisons far more people than any other nation in the world. when african-americans are incarcerated at six times the rate of whites, it's no surprise to me, it's no surprise that african-americans constitute nearly half of the total 2.3 million incarcerated americans in 2008. together african-americans and la tipows comprise 58% -- latinos comprise 58% of all prisoners in 2008, even those african-americans and latinos make up approximately 1/4 of the united states population. while our prison population grows unchecked, and it's growing unchecked, we continue to criminalize our students rather than invest in their education. right now we spend $10,500 a year to educate a child. but we spend $88,000 a year to keep a child locked up. that is unacceptable. let me repeat that. it costs eight times more money to keep a child in jail than to educate them. and prepare them for a good
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future. and we're not just talking about a few children here. our country incarcerates five times more children than any other nation in the world. sadly, 2/3 of these kids will never return to school. when we lock up these children, we are essentially throwing away the key, instead of preparing them for a future, we're just getting them ready for a life in a cell. let me be clear. from the moment many of these children are born, they are funneled into the prison pipeline. simply put, the system is really stacked against them. for instance, one in three african-american children lives in poverty today and one in four hispanic children lives in poverty. while black children represent just 18% of preschool enrollment, they account for nearly half of all preschool suspensions. we're talking about toddlers ages 2 to 5. these kids don't even get a start, let alone a head start. they are being suspended from school.
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how do you suspend toddlers and babies from school? something's wrong with this. i must say, we in the appropriations committee are trying to address this with the department of education. this is immoral. when they get older, african-american students are four times more likely to be expelled from school than their white peers for the same offense. more than half of all students who are involved in school-related arrests or referred to law enforcement are black or latino. this has a lasting affect and impact on young students. studies show that students who are disciplined by a school are more likely end to up in the juvenile justice system where their chances of returning to school are slim to none. this is unacceptable. these young people are having their futures ripped away before they even have a chance. we need to change the system and end the school to prison pipeline. first, we must start by making serious investments in our young people. we should ensure that all
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students have equal access to high-quality public school education. we must also expand summer youth job opportunities and summer training programs so that our teens have the opportunity to learn work force skills, contribute to their communities and start a path to economic opportunity. as a member of the education funding subcommittee, we're working to try to make sure that these resources become a priority of our subcommittee. which they unfortunately aren't at this point. we also need to tear down the institutional racism that's holding students of color back, trapping our young people in a broken criminal justice system. i'm reminded of when i was in the california legislature, i was on the public safety committee. and proposals were brought to us, plans for building prisons, 10 to 12 years out for kids who were just starting kindergarten. that's what we had to deal with. and now we see what's happened to the prison industrial complex in california. that's why we must work together and pass legislation to end mass incarceration and
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fix our broken criminal justice system. we need to get rid of these outdated minimum sentencing standards. these are relics from the failed war on drugs and disproportionately target people of color. in california, once again, three strikes law passed, of course i opposed that while in the california legislature. this law has incarcerated young african-american men for nonviolent drug offenses 25 years to life. 25 years to life for nonviolent drug offenses. we need to repeal that law. we also need to make sure the law enforcement officers reflect the diversity of communities that they police. so we've introduced h.res. 262, which supports effective community-oriented policing and encourages greater diversity in law enforcement. during last appropriations season, we worked, the congressional black caucus worked with congressman clay to direct the department of justice to begin collecting training data.
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our legislation tracks when officers receive training for the use of force, racial and ethnic bias, de-escalation of conflict, and constructive engagement with the public. but this was just a small step. we need to do more. with regard to re-entry, we've worked with the white house to try to make sure the federal contractors ban the box. still we haven't accomplished that, but federal agencies cannot now ask for one's criminal history record. in my district, we do expungement, we do record remedies, we've remedied thousands and thousands of young people who now can go on and move forward with their lives. i want to thank the family law center in oakland, california, for doing that. we need to go back to the drawing board and repeal the welfare reform provisions that deny for life -- there's a federal ban for food stamps, eligibility for public housing, and pell grants for those who
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have been incarcerated for drug felonies. you know who that targets. primarily african-american and latino men. they don't even have a second chance when they get out of jail as a result of these lifetime bans. so finally, let me just say, it's time to really look at this problem in a big way, and to understand that we have to dismantle, not reform, but we have to dismantle this prison industrial complex and start investing in our communities, especially our young children. and we must understand that in doing this, we have to look at institutional and systemic racism, which is at the core of many of our policies. this is a fight that we're going to win, but it's going to be because of all of us here in the congressional black caucus, congresswoman beatty and jeffries and scott and jackson lee and the entire membership who continue to fight the good fight to make sure we'll finally begin to see a real criminal justice system, which it is not right now. thank you. mrs. beatty: thank you so much, congresswoman lee.
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when people ask us, why are we doing this today, thank you for reminding us that the system is stacked against us. and we have had the future of so many of our young folks ripped away from them. thank you so much. mr. speaker, i would now like to yield to the gentlewoman from the great state of ohio, from the 11th congressional district. she's an attorney, she has served as a former mayor, she's the immediate past chair of the congressional black caucus, she's someone who gives us advice and i remember her aying to us, push the envelope because you are the voice for the voiceless. look at the legislative issues that will make a difference in the lives of others. so tonight we come to talk about equal justice under the law, we come, mr. speaker, to challenge this house.
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so it is my great honor to yield as much time as she needs to congresswoman fudge. ms. fudge: i thank the gentlelady for yielding and just to say to my fellow ohioan and friend, it is a pleasure to watch you and the gentleman from new york on this house floor every monday night bringing the message of the congressional black caucus. because indeed you are the people who carry our message to the united states. i thank you both. mr. speaker, the school to prison pipeline is robbing far too many children of productive futures. instead of learning in classrooms, a large percentage of our nation's at-risk students sit in jail cells. the numbers don't lie. black students are suspended and expelled at a rate three times greater than white students. more than one in four boys of color with disabilities and nearly one in five girls of
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color with disabilities receives an out of school suspension. and studies see the students who are suspended or expeled in school are more likely to end -- expeled in school are more likely to end up in prison. our nation's children deserve better. it is time we prioritize education and not incarceration. comprehensive criminal justice reform must include policies which dismantle the school to prison pipeline, we must re-authorize the juvenile justice and delinquency prevention act, a bill that funds delinquency prevention and improvements in state and local juvenile justice programs, supports restoretive initiatives and promotes early intervention. disrupting the pipeline will provide a pathway for successful futures and lessen the burden on our current judicial system. the number of people incarcerated in america quadrupled between 1980 and 2008. of the more than 2.3 million
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american incarcerated today, more than one million of them are black. in my home state of ohio, more than 50,000 people are incarcerated, in a system that was designed to only hold 39,000. and on average states across this nation spend $30,000 per year to house one inmate. that's at least $19,000 more per year than we spend to educate one child. it is time we get our priorities straight. as ranking member of the education and work force subcommittee on early childhood, elementary and secondary education, promoting policies that keep our children in school is one of my top priorities. and i ask my colleagues, what are yours? mr. speaker, madam chair, i yield back. mrs. beatty: thank you so much, congresswoman fudge, for reminding us again of the value and the importance of our work.
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mr. speaker, at this time it is indeed my honor to yield time to my co-anchor of tonight's congressional black caucus special order hour. i said earlier, congressman jeffries is not only a scholar, he too is an attorney. -- he's someone who walks talks the talk. he's someone who has a long history of being his brother's keeper. so tonight, when we discuss this topic, when we talked about the challenge, when we talked about all of the are ora of things that incorporated in why we must come forward tonight, mr. speaker, to challenge the criminal justice system stacked against us, broken, and certainly we have heard the disparities as it relates to
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african-americans. so it is indeed my honor to ask my co-anchor to share with us our challenge. congressman hakeem jeffries. mr. jeffries: i thank the distinguished gentlelady from ohio, my good friend, the distinguished and dynamic anchor for tonight's special order, congresswoman joyce beatty, for yielding and for your continued leadership and for leading the discussion on the house floor today as it relates to the urgency of this congress and america, dealing with the school to prison pipeline, mass incarceration, and the prison industrial complex that so many of my colleagues have explained and exposed here on the house floor today. a few years ago, i had a conversation that has always stuck with me in the area of criminal justice, when i was
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speaking to a formal -- formerly incarcerated individual who spent several years behind bars, incarcerated in a new york state penitentiary. he's turned his life around and he's now an advocate for criminal justice reform. but he said to me that, on his final day, after being in prison for years, upstate new york, he had a conversation corrections anking officer, supervisor, who he had gotten to know and thought he had befriended to some degree during his time of incarceration. on that last day he said to his young african-american incarcerated individual who was on his way out, he said, i just want to thank you. this gentleman was a little per flexed -- perplexed. he wasn't sure what he was talking about. he said, i want to thank you boat.lping me to get my
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and beyond that i want to thank your son who's going to help my on get his boat as well. that conversation has really haunlted me because in such a powerful and profound way, what it captures is the essence of what the prison industrial complex represents. which is this decision made in so many parts of the united states, certainly in new york, by democrats and republicans, when the automobile factories and the steel mill the manufacturing plants, began to close in the 1970's and 1980's. devastating parts of the upstate economy. a decision was made in place of hose factory jobs to build
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prisons in their place. as a means of economic development for depressed upstate communities. but here's the problem, if you build it, someone's got to fill those prisons. and in order to fill those prisons, several things have developed which we are in the prosofse trying to dismantle right now. the school to prison pipeline and the criminalization of young people, particularly in communities of color. where they basically are not given the chance from the very beginning and as a result of being channeled unjustly often into the criminal justice system into an every -- at an early age, essentially become economic commodities for those who have come to rely on prisons to replace the factory and manufacturing jobs that have left the united states of america. that's been a big problem in new
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york, it's a problem in other farthers of the country. -- in other parts of the country. and it's a shame here in the united states of america where we've gone from a place where when the war on drugs began in 1971, president nixon declares drug abuse public enemy number 1, there were lees than 350,000 people incarcerated in america, even when the crime bill that is being heavily debated in the public domain right now was passed in 1994, at the height of the concern about crime here in the united states of america, the incarcerated population was still under 900,000 people. but we gone from less than 350,000 in 1971 to under 900,000 in 1994 to more than 2.2 million
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in 2016. 5% of the world's population, 25% of the world's incarcerated individuals. we incarcerate more people than any other country in the nation and it is shameful and the school-to-prison pipeline is a large part of that dynamic, along with the failed war on drugs system of we're going to have to deal with this situation in a meaningful way. the statistics clearly show that if you suspend a young person that individual often -- that individual, often a black or latino boy, is less likely to graduate and complete school and more likely to become entangled in the criminal justice system. because we've applied an overly punitive approach to discipline.
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particularly in the inner city. now, in this chamber, i've seen surprising levels of compassion as it relates to dealing with the heroin and opioid crisis that's sweeping across america right now, and i'm glad that folks have decided to take a different approach than the approach that was taken in the 1980's with the crack cocaine epidemic that was sweeping across communities, that those of us in the congressional black caucus represent. i welcome this new found compassion. i just hope that you would extend it now, not just to the manner in which we deal with the heroin crisis, that's important, but let's extend it to the over criminalization that is taking place as it relates to young people across america, particularly in black and brown communities. i'm glad that we've become
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enlightened as it relates to and g away from punishment toward prevention and intervention as it relates to heroin and opioid crisis. let's also become enlightened in terms of dealing with breaking the school-to-prison pipeline. and so we'll have more to say as we move forward with this discussion but i know there are other members who would like to contribute to this hour of power that representative joyce beatty has brought to the house floor in connection with the c.b.c. special order so i'll yield back to the distinguished gentlelady from the great state of ohio. mrs. beatty: thank you so much, congressman jeffries, for reminding us that the united states makes up less than 5% of the world's population, yet incarcerates nearly a quarter of the global prison population.
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thank you for also being on point and reminding us, mr. speaker, if we are to reform america's criminal justice system, and advance efforts to break the cycles of incarceration in african-american communities, in low income communities, then we must unite and make sure that e've we pass real legislation. mr. speaker, can you advise me of how much time we have left, please? the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman has 12 minutes remaining. mrs. beatty: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, at this time, it is indeed my honor to ask the gentlelady who hails from the 18th congressional district of texas, of the many things that this congresswoman does, she serves on the judiciary committee, she has been a longtime advocate for reforming
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the criminal justice system. i refer to her as a strong voice a strong advocate, and truly a scholar. at this time, i would like to yield time to the gentlewoman from texas, congresswoman sheila jackson lee. ms. jackson lee: mr. speaker, i want to add my appreciation to the gentlelady from ohio, the gentleman from new york, and the members who have spoken, including the chairman of the congressional black caucus, mr. out behr -- mr. butterfield, the former chair, ms. fudge, and the ranking member on the education committee, mr. scott. there could not be a more important topic than the topic that we're speaking about tonight, and there are moments in history that i think come at
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times when urgency is the call of the day. that dr. king emphasized in his tenure the urgency of moving forward on civil rights. and spoke eloquently about the fact of why we cannot wait. so if i might, i want to capture his theme of why we cannot wait to end the school-to-prison pipeline, end it now. and begin the whole, comprehensive approach of criminal justice reform. let me take texas as an example and cite some important statistics from the apple seed report and as well comment on the work that we're doing in the judiciary committee. i'm so glad at this moment in
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history to be the ranking member of the criminal justice committee and working with the members of my subcommittee, including mr. jeffries who is a member, ms. bass who is a member, and a number of other members as well on this very difficult hurdle that we have. let it be very clear that this hurdle of criminal justice reform is, as i heard mr. jeffries make mention of that we have taken hold to this issue of opioids and heroin. in a way that not one single bill was passed last week that had a criminal focus, particularly out of the judiciary committee. not one bill had mandatory minimums. and the debate last week on friday, i reiterated other and over again, no mandatory minimums in this legislation. that should be the perfect that we try to achieve going forward
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on criminal justice reform. but let me give the beginnings of that very tragic outcome in america, filling up the nation's prison, not having criminal justice but criminal unfairness. it starts with a past incarceration, which includes in the schools, failing public schools, zero tolerance in other school discipline. policing school hallways. disciplinary alternative schools, court involvement, and juvenile detention. all these are a path for students to incarceration and it is without understanding what a class c misdemeanor ticket and a trip to court for thousands of texas students and their families mean. texas students are as young as 6 have been ticket at school in past years and it is not uncommon for elementary school
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students to be ticketed by school-based law enforcement. school-based arrests of students often occurs without prior notice to parents. police officers in some texas schools are resorting to use of force, measures more commonly associated with secrete crime. pepper spray, tasers, and trained canines when a school-yard fight breaks out or students are misbehaving in a cafeteria or school event. this should not be the picture for a 6-year-old or a 4-year-old. or an 8-year-old. or an 11-year-old or a 13-year-old. this should not be equated with schools. let me reed to you part of the appleseed report, in a little over two decades a paradigm shift has occurred in the lone star state. the misdeeds of children, acts that in the near recent past resulted in trip toths
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principal's office, corporal punishment or extra laps under the supervision of a middle or high school coach. now of course corporal punishment is eliminated from that. it now results in criminal prosecution and untold millions of dollars in fines being imposed on children ages 10 to 16. it is conservatively estimated that more than 275,000 nontraffic tickets are issued to juveniles in texas each year and based on the information from texas auches of court administration. they grossly exceed members of -- numbers of nontraffic tickets issued to students may well exceed that number because it was difficult to get that. texas can interrupt this disruptive cycle and prevpb prevent the loss of more students in the school-to-prison pipeline by focusing less on punishment and more on creating positive school environments that focus on student's variable
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needs. police officers in some texas schools are resorting to the use of force. they're supposed to be there at s.r.o.'s. they're supposed to have educational training. s.r.o.'s are supposed to be able to have the understanding of how to deal with counseling issues and teaching that base itself on evidence that is evidence 46 based. -- that is evidence-based. but here is the problem. the problem is that they are focused more on law enforcement system of i am glad to be part of this special order tonight. that deals with the pipeline that has started working our children toward incarceration. overcrowding schools, lack of qualified teachers and inadequate resources. then the zero tolerance for school discipline on children and the rate of suspension having increased dramatically from recent years from 19.7 million in 1974 to 3.4 million in 2000 and it's gone beyond
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that and the greatest emphasis has been on children of color. so here's my call to the united states congress. we have to begin the process of dismantling the school-to-prison pipeline. we have to understand that children can learn. no child is a throwaway. i offer that often in my remarks in my district. and the detention system is an unfair system. i don't know how many of you realize that when a child is sent to juvie, that child can remain there until they reach the age of 21. how does that happen? even if there sentence is not as egregious as one might think, a simple misbehavior in school, and the way that happens is because in juvenile, you can assess more time on a child without telling that child's parents because that child did not follow orders. or in essence that did not
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behave or that child chewed gum when you told them not to. we in the jew dish db -- judiciary committee are working on juvenile justice reform. one of them i'm most concerned about and want to move is ending solitary confinement for juveniles. recognizing the ka leb's law that caused the death of one inside of a new york prison in reichers island where an individual was killed, not killed but was in solitary confinement, who had not been rendered guilty in reichers island. and so we want to eliminate putting juveniles in solitary confinement because the tragedy, mr. speaker, was that that youngster was released ultimately but as they were released ultimately, then they in essence committed suicide. i'm going to close my remarks by indicating that i want to turn this system upside down. i want to make sure that we deal
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with juvenile justice reform. i want to ban the box. we've done that in legislation that has not yet passed and i want to make sure that we have alternative sentencing. . at the same time the judiciary committee has moved two bills out of committee. i want to see these bills have a vigorous discussion and debate on the floor of the house. so that we can move to conference. time is going. and let us not let the perfect be, in essence, the down fall of change. o h.r. 3713 provides for the reduction of sentencing for many who are languishing by law in prison today on the federal system. as i've spoken to people across the country, they have indicated that even though some states like my state, texas, has made enormous strides, proud of that, that it has not happened around the country. the bully pulpit of the federal
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government can be the most effective tool toward moving toward criminal justice reform and sentencing reduction, dealing with felony drug offenses. we are moving toward that point. a vote on the floor of the house and moving toward onference can move our efforts to legislation that can truly responsive to both concerns and as well positives that are in that bill. as we deal with this prison to pipeline, we've got to not only talk, we've got to do. and when we do, we've got to make sure that we respond to the concerns but we've also got to make sure that we move legislation that can ultimately come out of the senate and go to conference and make a difference in the lives of so many. i want to thank the gentlelady from ohio, excuse my raspy voice. i also want to say how timely
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the congressional black caucus is. all that have been crying out, black lives matter, to the mothers of the movement, is that we need changes dealing with the whole vastness of criminal justice reform. police-community relations, police actions, actions dealing with guns, actions dealing with the loss of life of our young people. let's get a framework that can allow us to debate, to fix, to amend and to get a product that will ultimately be signed by the president of the united states. on behalf of the people of the united states who are crying out for relief. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman's time has expired. mrs. beatty: thank you. let me just end by saying, the urgency is now. and in the words of nelson mandela, it always seems impossible until it's done. tonight the congressional black
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caucus says, let's get it done. thank you and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman yields back the balance of her time. pursuant to clause 12-a of >> members planned to debate the $81.6 veterans affairs spending measure. follow the house live here on c-span when lawmakers return tuesday at 10:00 a.m. eastern nd noon for legislative war.
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>> madam secretary, we proudly give 72 of our delegate votes to the next president of the united states. >> in a sunday front page story in "the washington post," "a band of exasperated republicans plotting to draft an independent presidential candidate who would keep donald trump from the white house." one of those editors is billy
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kri sshes tol. thank you for being with us. >> hi, steve, how are you? steve: so how is your effort coming along? bill: well, there's a lot of support for the proposition. we should have a choice other than hillary clinton and donald trump. getting a serious, credible candidate to run is tough. it's not so easy to do. you've got the two parties, a semimonopoly situation but there are people engaged. it's not too late. we could raise money. it's a question of finding the right candidate. >> there are deadlines. the dead line for texas has passed. what are you facing in terms of the calendar? bill: texas, north carolina you probably have to sue to get on the deadline. that would probably succeed based on precedence for the 1980's. but i think, you know, anything
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could happen. you could get on a bunch of ballots in july and augment i think really early june is sort of a real deadline for the ben fasses, the tom corpers. someone who would have credibility. mostly republicans but not entirely, a lot of independents and democrats. i think a lot of them would be a better president than hillary clinton and donald trump. .teve: we keep hearing the name bill: i've been critical of mitt romney in the past. would ertainly unequivocally would support him. he's of sound judgment. i think he would do it out of patriotism. he doesn't need to do it. he doesn't need to do it out of any ambitious person. he would get attacked by
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everyone. he thinks the country deserves better. he's looking at it. i think the senator from nebraska who has written to eloquently and powerfully and has a huge grassroots response about the need for a better choice. he's reluctant for many good reasons. maybe he'll be persuaded to do it. tom korver, really a wonderful man. he's worked across the aisle. we're dealing with an independent streak. he would be an interesting candidate. all of these people i can say that with confidences, i think what's moving in it is patriotism. coburncase of romney and or sasse. but i think how awful it would be to go forward for the next six months with the choice being clinton and trump.
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steve: they're calling this a suicide mission and all but ensuring that if there were a third party candidate that would guarantee hillary clinton's election. bill: i don't agree with that he wouldn't be saying that if he weren't concerned. many most republicans would continue to acclimate to him, accommodate him, decide he's senl. but there could be a lot more that could come out that will cause his campaign to implode. it would be good to have a real conservative on the ballot. that's what the republican party stands for limited government, the appeal of o bottoma care, strong foreign policy. none of these things donald with. as been associated and these things would appeal to republicans and would be a very good thing. steve: you announced for the first time, you will not be
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voting if a republican candidate. what kind of reaction have you received? bill: some people think i'm being foolish. i have good friends who have looked closely at the situation, decided they're going to go with trump, better than hillary. they think the deficiency with trumps are manageable. i just his character falls short the basic standard of being president. i've gotten a lot of encouraging e-mails. i don't criticize them for that. e'll take a look in november and october. you can keep your pattern dry and i would encourage people to do so, vote when you have the most information. but people have to ask the fundamental question -- are you comfortable with donald trump? are you comfortable with him as
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commander in chief. steve: what you do think of donald trump? bill: well, i don't have anything against hem. he's just some self-promoting businessman. he's probably an unpleasant man to work for and businessman. but that's his own business. i've nep never given much thought to him he was thinking of running. we had a piece on him. you could search 15 years of the weekly standard and not find much about him. i have no particular concern for him one way or the other. i just don't think he should be president of the united states. steve: and who is volunteering for the third republican candidate? >> we have a lot of volunteers. they've written eloquently on the case against trump. but it's a very ad hoc volunteer effort. there are some small organizations, never trump, but
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i'm not part of those. this is very much of a sort of spontaneous decentralized effort. people say we're recruiting someone. of course, we're trying to -- really, it's up to them. we don't have any means to bring pressure on anyone. i don't want to pressure anyone. the person who runs should be someone that is committed to dointh and doing it from the heart. steve: how much of this is about the white house and how much of this is about the senate races putting the democrats back in control next january? bill: another one on the ballot would give people like me an incentive to vote. but that's not my purpose. others con pour a lot of much into the senate and house races. i assume a loft people are looking at that. for me it comes down to who should be in the oval office. i think with six months to go, i hate to give up on the notion
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that there would been anybody better than hillary clinton or donald trump. steve: bill's work is available online at thank you for being with us. bill: thanks steve:. announcer: president obama awards the medal of valor to 13 law enforcement officers. and then the stop act. and after that journalists discuss the panama papers inancial documents leak. in 1962 president john f. kennedy proclaimed may 15th as peace officer's memorial day and the week it falls as police week. president obama awarded the medal of valor to 13 law enforcement officers on monday for out standing service while on duty. attorney general loretta lynch introduced the pre


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