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going to the business of the day. finery.t all be in our >> when do you get dressed? >> 7:30 in the morning. >> it is a different uniform? >> is the same uniform but there is more elegance to it. lace and these colors are so -- so not to the shoulders of the uniform so that it does not slip off. day and by this time you feel as though you have done a day's work. >> and it has a party atmosphere. people are going in and celebrating our traditions. it is the only day that we get dressed up and it is a bit like a fancy dress party as well as being a serious occasion.
>> we have seen the lords and ladies and in a few moments we will see the cavalry and the human of the guard assembled and ready to welcome the royal party to westminster. what heart of modern -- what kind of modern message might all of this convey? i spoke to the reverent samples in-- reverend samuels trafalgar square. ♪ >> parliament demonstrates how we understand power. the people boat and parliament is elected. parliament proposes to make laws in the government party does not impose its will on the population. it doesn't in discussion and it asks the queen to deliver to
parliament a description of what it proposes to do that it can be made accountable for. -- not would say that is naive, but a rose tinted version of democracy. an aspirational version of democracy but that is how it works in practice. when a party wins an election it does not ride roughshod over the rest of the population. >> the queen presided over her first state opening in letting 52 and has attended all but two ceremonies since and that includes the scaled down version in march of 1974 after the election of the minority labour government. mattered was the meeting of monarch, lord, and common. for the first time, this ceremony is being watched,
not only by those present in this chamber but i many millions of my subjects. people in other lands would also be able to witness this view of the life of parliament. that it has got something pretty special. one is straightforward democracy , i democracy in which the majority rule and certain constraints, but also we preserve that notion that our loyalty is not to an idea about a person. we have seen so many contexts where loyalty to an idea can go badly wrong. i have no doubt in my mind that the promises she made at the coronation? through her life. these responsibilities mean everything for her. she is almost laying down her
life for the country to play a role that we desperately need and we seldom thank her for. >> kate williams, samuels told me, the queen exercises her authority not by imposing her will but by representing and articulating the voice of the people. it sounds in some ways like a convoluted description. >> he was sort of saying that she enables a democracy to happen by being this figure at the top. >> it seems vital to the queen that she is politically neutral. it was a key lesson given to her as a young girl that she had to remain out of politics. unlike other monarchs who have meddled excessively, she has remained out of politics which has allowed them to continue and
do what they wish. >> we have heard some interesting words about the chinese recently. >> coming down now is the regalia perception of the crown. and the sort of state. is the state car brought byo mesas the sergeant at arms in buckingham palace. seeing the and of lawrence five macy's this morning, but you were the sergeant at arms, or to? -- weren't you? >> yes that's right -- no, that's not true. what really struck me on state foring day was my eyesight distances and good and i should really wear glasses.
but i do remember the crown, the glistening of the diamonds from all the way back in the house of commons. >> that is not coming along there. it's been delivered in the armed guard from the tower. >> but it is in the carriage now? >> yes. the queent is alexandra state coach with the horses. lawrence, what is a sergeant at arms? what is the day job? >> the day job is being responsible for security and access to the house of commons and it's working directly with the speaker of the house of commons to make sure he can get in and that the members can get around and about and that the function of parliament can continue. business.y difficult
>> this is probably not the kind of thing i should mention today but it is well known that one of your >> one of the thrillers is about the state opening. >> although it does go normally exceed about the plan, although one did faint -- one page per did faint which did not happen before. the tremor of fear that was going through everybody, what do we do with him now? > the duchess of cambridge came to the rescue and indicated that somebody should do something. he will be living out -- >> your book -- day,", "the lord's lawrence was responsible for security. it was a significant problem for
the palace of westminster. tonight in 15 years ago -- 10-15 years ago, the security in my view was kind of the joke that needed real review. it has been reviewed. the oldt a book in security system where the state opening was held hostage. everybody in that room, we will see. he of the monarchy, the government, the opposition, the lords, the ambassadors, the judges, everybody who matters. >> the whole british establishment in one room. >> we really needed to take rather more care of that security then sending around a to have a with pikes look around the city was gunpowder underneath. which is pretty bad. >> they are, there is where the action of your book takes place, the house of lords. >> it is not a bad little house to have to work in. said you can't find
offices for the mall, is that right? >> the chamber is our main office. that is the day job, basically. >> there is the diplomatic corps, there. there sitting behind the bishops. go on, tell us. you are interested in power. michael: in, and in britain, and frank underwood in the u.s., they are interested in power. interested in the content of the queen's speech, what they want is the power. >> we aren't talking about a document to be here. we are talking about a drama series, there is a bit of a difference. prime minister individually was recently photographed going
to the bookshop and rome and buying a copy of "house of cards," and i wanted to enjoy them this was a piece of entertainment. >> when you in the british parliament, did you feel is more accurate than you expected, or perhaps less? occasionally get the idea that there are plenty of people in parliament and elsewhere who are auditioning fiercely for parts in the next series. as it doesdoes remind you we are looking at the functions of power, and the policies. at the end of the day, it comes down to people and personalities. we will be looking at a clean to speech today which will set up the government's program. we know that program will be interfered with, and affected, perhaps even undermined by the way that after the queen to speak different personalities will lock horns, and disagree and move the agenda in a different direction. >> kate, you mentioned briefly
that although this clean has opening the but two parliament come only one which is a non-state opening in 63. victoria, a slightly shorter range, but pretty long, she did rather get out-of-state opening. one, as54 was the first it is now. , 10albert died and 1862 years later, so she declined to attend between 62-65, and then she can seven times between 1865 enter death in 1901. she was a very infrequent attender, not like our own monarch. >> deuel commission. in the royal chancellor read the
speech. 18e: it damage it from 19 -- 62-1865, that she was locking mercifully in mourning. it was a balance between playing and the costsife who shall rule that demand that a monarch is there. it'd great a surge of republicanism when the tory was and see not just at the state opening but also in general. attend,ital for her to she sometimes didn't do so. at the end of her life, it was her health. it wasn't herhink greatest decision not to attend. >> another look at the regalia possession and the queen alexandra state coach. care -- a regalia x
escort and is commanded by tom horton who rides the grid cola. 21 years of age, that is quite a veteran of these parades. this regalia possession is, i think, pretty close to the palace of westminster. it is coming along the side of parliament square. on can see the union jack's the right. this is a new crossing, it makes it quite easy to cross from the pavement onto parliament square itself. previously, that was rather difficult. also the pavement has been ofsiderably widened in front what is actually new palace yard on the left for so that is your end of the building, lawrence. lawrence: it is, indeed. you'll see some of the fallout usually on the road has been removed to allow the carriages to go through. the preparations for this
started weeks ago. weekend, everybody knows exactly what they're doing. it looks like a well-oiled machine. but things happen around the edges of the aren't prepared for. abbey on the right, then lined up the guard of the first battalion of the irish guards. the irish guard's band to the right. arms is theesent crown goes by. any second now, they will turn left toward the tory tower -- victoria tower. and the capitol, and when it arrives at the sovereign staircase, there is a juggling
asked to get the crown out of the carriage. that no one drops it in the right person ends up with the crown at the end of the procedure. of firsty, the person hands the crown is the person who and up with the crown right at the end of the process. talking of crowns, queen victoria didn't wear the crown much, did she? our imperial crown right from 1937, so victoria had a different version. was ais the word, it dinky crown. this one -- this is a full kilogram of stuff. tory found it uncomfortable, and didn't wear it. she didn't like the wearing of pomp, and itthe right and giving her jubilees.
that was much against the wish of the ministers. low-key in the pomp. and in otheraster water man waiting to receive the crown. has taken jeweler the crown from the controller of the lord chamberlain. this is now getting out of the carriage. is superfine mentee appears to be wearing his bath master's mack. it is a rather nice mack. and from sir andrew ford to the current jeweler, and back to sir andrew ford. they have done this highly delicate. was lucky enough to go to the tower of london
earlier this year. although it looked absolutely television,the nothing beats seeing it in real life in the tower of london. it is so astonishingly sparkly. and of course, looking its most sparkly at the moment. there are some great stones in there. >> the state of the crown itself of theed by two honorable corps of gentlemen of arms. bringing up the rear, the two sergeant of arms from buckingham palace. sorry, kate. kate: the crown as the black prince is ruby in it, a statement with edward the confessor's ring. but it really symbolizes is it reminds us that the crown that the queen wears after she is crowned, the only time she wears this is at the state opening. when she comes out of the coronation ceremony, this is what she wears.
it is our majesty, monarchy, and constitution. >> there aren't many monarchies left, what they are slightly reluctant crimeware is, are they? we are the most enthusiastic crown wearers of all. other monarchies are much more low-key in continental europe, holland, and in norway. but our crown, particularly because we have so many great stones that date back to the 13th century, they are these great historic symbols. a 20's my privilege to ask question myself, if i may. one thing i never quite understood -- what is the cap of maintenance? no one can tell me what it is for, where it comes from? we know why it is there, but -- >> come back, while kate reassesses her thoughts. sir andrew ford, carrying the crown actually on its bigger
cushion. , and the royal gallery thercase lined by brilliantly named staircase party of the household cavalry, so-called because they're on the staircase. here it is, the imperial state crown. in the lord chamberlain, the sir marquis of chumley. at that point, the guard changes to two yeomen of the guard. they're different, actually. and, the lord great chamberlain has successfully taken delivery of the crown. everybody has stood for the arrival of the crown.
the crown will indeed be the cap of maintenance and the sort of state. go into their positions waiting to be carried in the procession. you just have that carried by lieutenant general michael vernon, secretary of the transfer. in the sort of state carried by sir kevin donahue. ok kate, time for a cap of maintenance section. kate: it has always been there, it is a key part of the rookie of the which we see mainly, and ofy, in the state opening parliament. it doesn't get out and many other times. is purely a traditional part. once we start questioning what the be guilty of the monarchy, they might all -- seem a bit odd. there is a suggestion that the crown was ever not available the cap -- >> would we?
i thought it was a present from the pope, and the more we display was in memory of that displayed by henry viii because he received it from the pope for good work. it rather fell out between them later on. pope does worry cap of maintenance of some kind. kate: he does. >> you never know when you will need a cap of maintenance, and it is good to have one on hand. [laughter] >> you know perfectly well, don't you, the rabble end of the building? philosophy building, that is a load of mumbo-jumbo, a beauty. >> i think everyone gets caught up in the occasion. it is the day when the spotlight is on parliament. it is the day when everyone wears their finery. as michael the saying, there is a party feel about the place.
>> they do like a ceremony. lawrence: yeah, it does. there is nothing members like more than walking up to the house of lords and being a little bit noisy, and kind of disruptive. the lords are very, very well behaved. it is very peaceful, and client when they arrive. you like to just flex their muscles, saying we have arrived here. they want to be noticed. that is part of the function. >> later on, you lead the procession with the speaker. a lot of people are hovering around, trying to get good places in the house of lords to hear the speech. it is one of the most contentious elements. >> oh, is it? lawrence: many attend for priors, so it is their right to .hen follow the procession out
some members decide not to attend. then they try to leap into the convoy as it is on its way out. >> you are in charge of the doorkeepers. lawrence: there were several conversations over the years about how to corral that train of people going up. one idea was to have a rope so members couldn't jump in. >> the majesty of the clean, accompanied by the duke of edinburgh in the uniform of a lord high admiral of the great britain. i say a lord high admiral, but there is only one. the diadem, i think she's only want to wear this little diadem. diamond jubilee
carriage. a stunning piece of work. to build,ghts years and i guess we are short of carriage builders these days. he worked a long time in britain, and this really was for a much his life's work. although it did take a very long time, to build a, and was extremely expensive, by the end yet to mortgage his house to pay for it. whatarriages drawn by, everyone tells me are called six grays, i think they are white, but anyway six grays. storm, coachman, claudia, tyrone, it is foggy in the picture and i suspect this because the rain is now quite heavy outside.
kate, you're right quite late, was it raining? british is pretty much weather outside, fog and a bit of rain. i think we will have some rather heavy showers. edward the eighth had only one state opening. kate: that is correct, we didn't have him for very long. not much later, he abdicated. was raining so much they had to use the cars. the lord great chamberlain usually picks up the crown once he has heard the queen is left buckingham palace. and he is going to take that into the queen's robing room. it is an astonishing office the lord chamberlain, we can dated back to the 12th century. packing --y is the acting in the reign of elizabeth the second, because the family does it every alternative reign.
it'd rather badly in edward the viii's reighn. you thought that was it after 11 months, then they've done better sense. they had a very long reign since 1952. the next family to inherit is the carrington family. peer, age 97vative now. whether he does the duty himself, i don't think maybe. but his son test >> he might still have quite a wait. this queen seems to be in now -- theourse, it is one of nonsense is of the constitution. but it workes. why do we bother looking for other alternatives? 1965, the four
chamberlain was an actual executive control. it took day-to-day part in the management of it. and it's when you give power to the sergeant at arms. [laughter] right, ituld be quite did change. that is what makes the sergeant at arms role quite powerful. it is a huge amount of responsibility. the buck stops with those roles. >> can you tell us all the royal bits of the palace? kate: there ar many royal partse to the palace. his key role is to care for this. it is a vital role which he does report to her majesty. she is the director manager. today isf what we see the royal bits of the power. the staircase, he role gallery,
and ifing room itself, we very diplomatic with each other. i imagine the lord chamberlain thing and muska can totally other stakeholders. kate: the key thing, is that the queen only comes on invitation. so much of this earth and -- sermon is to show that things have changed so much since the civil war, in the queen comes by invitation and is only allowed in by invitation when the parliament which is to allow her. therefore, underlying is how much of a constitutional monarchy there is here. daniel: yes, and that helps introduce who is watching television. this is the procession of the prince of wales and the duchess of cornwall. they are in the irish state
coach. earing uniform of an admiral of the fleet. they are in the irish coach. it is being pulled by their horses. their horses, cinderella, and bermuda. are the black, or brown? they look very gorgeous, then you have two horses. the coachman you see there is wearing his wet weather gear. the outriders getting off the back of the coach, they are tricky things to break. the they are there. have a sharp turn, and then they have to break right at the right place/
-- place. the duchess of cornwall images from the irish state coach. the sash she is wearing is of the dame commander of the victorian order. in order of chivalry that is in the personal gift. marshal, carrying his baton, and prince charles, duke of cornwall, earl of chester, earl of kerrick, baron isles,rew, lord of the and good steward of scotland. is the green sash of the order. the other marshal, the duke of norfolk, will conduct the well party of the staircase, lined not only by the household
calvary, but the herald, and kings of arms with their white staves of office. notmarshal this here is wearing his duke's robe. he is taken a leave of absence from the house of lords for a year or two. me he was fully intending to get back into the house of lords, and will be taking the owners of the legions before long. maybe next state opening he will be wearing his duke's robe. such a magnificent uniform, it is lovely to see it. together with the lord great chamberlain, in house of lords, regardless of the rest of the reforms. is not traditional we would see the air to the front come to the state opening. he first came in 2013. daniel: the lord speaker, on her
shel state opening, announced a short while ago should only do one term of office. and, in fact, nominations close tomorrow for those who want to be lord speaker. michael: i haven't yet decided. >> you are not neutral enough, that is your trouble. now, the lord high chancellor of great britain. get quite a lot of bills regarding his department. he is the 220th lord chancellor. deputy clerk of the crown, and assistant sergeant at arms. the lordeese, who is chancellor tebbit secretary and most importantly, because he is caring the speech, the lord chancellor's purse bearer. it is an indoor miss purse, and
it is fair to say she is not enormous herself. she is quite tiny. the seating is all laid out for troop of the color next month. it should be quite something, celebrating the queen's 90th birthday. this is the procession of the queen and the duke of edinburgh as they make their way towards westminster. ♪ daniel: we can hear a tiny bit of a fanfare in the farthest square. meanwhile gallery, and of the part of the royal house of lords you can see it lined by the guard. the lordhe bit of chancellor's possession -- to dosion is nothing more for the moment. their walking back from whence they came. at this moment, would you
watching it all on the telly? lawrence: catching glimpses around the place. daniel: coming to collect the cap of maintenance, and the sort of state, is field marshal and the later of the house of lords. they had underlings breathe t bread -- bring the sword nand cap, but from now on they will be responsible for them. they're standing alongside, ready to receive them later on. ♪ on this rather gray day, this procession makes its way to westminster. the funny thing is, wanting everyone thought when the state opening move to may is that it would be a lovely, sunny day before the too hot in their uniforms. 2014 is raining, -- was raining,
and here we go again. they don't stand up to much rain, do they not? >> they don't, and they are incredibly hot. lords, because there are so many people crammed into it, it gets very hot indeed. this is the prince of chamber which is never been shown on the lot coverage before. this is the first time there's been a chamber. and these are the gentleman at arms. the house of lords is beyond that wall on the right. guard tohe closest to the sovereign. there is some jealousy there. and the captain of the gentleman at arms is the government chief of the house of lords. he gets to wear a fantastic uniform. standard, as you can see in the middle of your screen, will be lowered with an
h-esquey sort of raleig flourish as the procession comes through. the queen's procession has made it to the septar in the jammin -- diamond jubilee coach. when does going back into more history, a sovereign escort here of the household cavalry. the coachman r kemp and mcgregor. still magnificent, isn't it? k it is magnificent, this pomp and ceremony. is the moser money moment that we will see our
monarchy engage in apart from coronation. it is something special that goes back. the ceremony itself was way back to the 17th century. whate are watching saying are all these uniforms? is that it isizes a constitutional monarchy. the nautilus group of the ceremony because queen victoria did not turn up. they got a bit lazy, and that the organized -- badly organized. then they looked at it, improperly sat down. a stickler for detail, and because also she wasn't very interested in royal regalia, she was more interested in the details of the monarchy did. he was concerned that the monarchy was losing that and it had to be reinvigorated. it was crucial for him.
the sovereign entrance. if we could go back and see those, that would be lovely. going to see bit of a change this year. forces carrying -- not carrying, drawing the carriage and waiting queen. green -- be revealed originally posted because although the marshal acknowledges the queen, she goes by the sovereign staircase, and this is where the great lift of state is going to come into play this year. e queen arrives which steps out, the union jack will be replaced by the sovereign
standard. staircase,the norman as i think many people would sympathize, way way too much for queen and prince philip. 95, respectively, and so there is a list and it comes -- just to it comes out the left of your screen as you're looking now. actually, as i discovered, it is one of the royal parts of westminster. i think many of us are surprised that the queen hasn't had to use a lift before and are impressed that daniel: the she still using the stairs. daniel: it is absolutely amazing. is not easy to get up, especially when wearing such heavy regalia. daniel: i tried this left a
couple of days ago, it takes 15 seconds from the moment you press the right button. from 15cting research, seconds from pressing the button to the doors opening at this level. the time of the lift is only about six or seven seconds. kate: attention to detail. daniel: but it is not noted for its reliability. i will say no more. the lord great chamberlain has successfully emerged from the lift, followed by the queen and prince philip. i think they are all smiling because it went well. mewrence: there is so notoriety in the lift. a couple years ago, the clean andprince philip -- queen prince philip went in to get down, but somebody above pressed the call, so it went up and set up and set of going down. when it opened, there were two
cleaners waiting to get in. you can imagine the shock when the doors opened and there was the queen. but, they found a very amusing. >> it worked this morning, and that is the main thing. queen does come to the palace multiple times. lawrence: probably a couple of times a year. her when she wanted to look at her new window. >> we have seen four search in of arms over, but not the sergeant of arms. held a reception to the royal gallery. oncence: and met staff, for the state opening and for another event. differenty are quite
events. lord michael: that window was members offor all parliament and the house of lords. it was a very personal gift from us to her majesty. daniel: the procession has arrived in the house of lords. they are now in the world gallery. the herald's are facing the robing room, the queen is in the robing room, then the imperial state crown -- it takes about queen toutes for ther get all of the regalia and crown on. this dates from 1902. i caught up with the premier duke a few nights ago.
you have the job of marshall since '43. 1485, and again in of the 16the century we regained it and lost again. it has been heard very my family since 1692, and have held it ever sense then. >> it is all for love of clean, and the country. there is absolutely no pay, and indeed things like the uniform cost quite a lot of money. the marshal organizer great state occasions. overseeing hundred or so yeoman, page boys, and others. until the early years of the century come on of the duties involved walking backwards in front of the clean. >> -- the queen. we stoppedes,
walking backwards. it was frustrating i just mastered the art of walking backwards by memorizing the carpet pattern. i don't think that will come back. >> however, rehearsal and timing are key. arrived the queen rather earlier than expected. and was kept waiting while the comments finished prayers. god,was thinking "oh my what is going to happen?" i think he had to wait for about a minute and a quarter. little things do go wrong, but we try to make sure that we improvise and keep the show going. ♪
>> just imagine the moment, the trumpets and fanfare, the queen is ready to come out to the robing room, what do you do at that point, and what are you thinking about? am thinking about all the things that are going to happen. i am hoping we are not early, .nd the prayers are finished i'm hoping that everybody is going to end up in the right place, on the throne, and house of lords. i am hoping the lord chancellor will deliver the speech. then after the speech is over, and everyone goes to the right door. >> do you get nervous? >> definitely. i am terribly keen, as is everybody, that it goes well and according to plan. pageantry isd
something we do very well in this country. we are known the world over for this. of british life. we wanted to go right. i certainly can nervous come and him quite relieved when it is over. -- nervous, and quite relieved when it is over. were kept out of, the couple of times during her tenure, what you have against him? known for being a bit erratic in his timing. daniel: your successor lays the mace. lawrence: he did that very well. daniel: he's really looking forward to that today. he formally was in charge of vip , he set off early.
after the queen dispatches him. lawrence: i am trying to be diplomatic. it is ironic, if you test few weeks ago he was late for a marching of the troops in the principal doorkeeper said where is he? and we saw him from a distance. later, he wasks ofly for banging on the door the commons. on that occasion, they said he was on his way already. was signaled early. someone in house of lords, i want to telling you who, was getting impatient. el: it is said that the
queen doesn't like sitting on the throne for that time waiting for the commons to turn up. lawrence: it wasn't the queen. daniel: it ended up being for longer, didn't it? lawrence: it did. daniel: the marshall centaurus tourism is very important and it is only for tourists. but there has to be something more to the monarchy if it is to last. kate: a lot of tourists don't know a lot about the state opening of parliament. most come just to watch and see the hard-core ceremonial fans. daniel: we have our viewers today in the united states. then, but this is about this but underlined the fact that the monarch is the guest of the house of parliament. it is constitutional monarch, metal.re to intervene or she is the guest. that is above all.
she serves at their discretion. what you're supposed to say is but to underline this is the most important daily monarch does is to provide over -- preside over the constitutional system. daniel: it is what she does is head of state, isn't it? kate: it is much more important than the royal wedding. this is the key ceremony. it might not be seen as the most erratic him or exciting, but this is the key moment. michael, europe and the house of lords and eventually state opening. you have to take your seat quite early. it would've been the nearly an hour by now. lord michael: you don't get dedicated seats. there is a bit of a bum fight. the earlier you get there, the better seat you get. i remember a couple of years ago because iuite late
was wrapped up watching other parts of the ceremony. found it extremely difficult. daniel: the lord great shamblin has returned from the robing room. ♪ daniel: it is 11:27 approximately. we hope the comment above said their prayers. here is this magnificent procession, passing through the royal gallery. the medieval going to court. kate: it does look like that. important families, and is a moment in which the queen,
herself, says she spent a lot of time practicing. throughoutve to walk this phalanx of people. like many of our royal ceremonies, how far back the monarchy goes. daniel: let's just enjoy it as it passes by. the pages back there, augustine, stanhope, lackland, and the son of the assistant private secretary to the queen. it reaches the prince's chamber. before.never seen this the standard of arms lowered to the floor as an acknowledgment
of the sovereign. pages, andve three one seems to dropped out already. he didn't faint, but something happened. in the house of lords, everyone rises. lady carrying the cap of maintenance, she backs into her position. she may not be using the stairs, but this queen is wearing the crown. kate: yes, the korea cannot even get up the stairs. daniel: she just ate in the carriage. -- the tory a could not get up the stairs. daniel: she just stated her carriage. she is our longest reigning monarch, and here she is doing the role you'd expect a 40-year-old to be doing. daniel: now, she is going to, she has given the lord great
shamblin the nod, he raises his rod, and is he on the good time? works reallyh, he hard to get everything right. even with his eyesight, which is acute, he couldn't see that one. there are some lights that got want to indicate it is time to set off. daniel: some new technology, and some old. surprise, see, what a to get a good place. and he approaches the door of the house of -- perfect. daniel: who says that? lawrence: that--
was me last year. daniel: and that is your successor. >> mr. speaker, the queen commands this honorable house to attend her majesty immediately in the house of peers. daniel: absolutely no comment from anyone in the studio. skinner, but one day he will be, 84 years old. contributing role to the state opening, he will ceremoniously set the whole thing out. the clerk of the house comes
now, and the prime minister alongside jeremy corbyn. state opening, what were you feeling on your first opening, lawrence? lawrence: i was hoping i was in step, and wasn't going to mess up and anyway. behind him, his secretary. lawrence: when you get to the lords, one of the doorkeepers walks backwards. daniel: walks backwards? macence: yes, because the cannot be in the house of lords at the same time as the queen. kate: he's doing the talking. i wouldn't be surprised
if jeremy corbyn finds it a bit surprising to find himself at a state opening in this whole royal engagement. here they all come, being quite rabble like. lawrence: and deliberately so. some wear hats. saying, it is a party occasion for both houses. beenouse of lords has reconfigured for this day. it will not be the same way in a few hours, some benches are moved, some taken out so we can pack as many people into the house of lords. daniel: i thought there was actually less room and they made more room for peers. lawrence: that is really difficult thing to an all four official should arrive in line.
but there is not room through the doorway comes with a some jockeying. the speaker of the house, the sergeant at arms, and the clerk of the house of commons. they take their positions at the front, and the party leaders and cabinet members and other mp's are behind them. the marshal is looking out not at the queen but towards what is called the bar of the house to see if he can get as many mp's as possible. he signaled to the lord chancellor to deliver the speech. you can to the gallery is packed on either side.
queen elizabeth ii: my lords and members of the house of commons. my government will use the opportunity of a strengthening economy to deliver security for working people, to increase life chances for the most disadvantaged and to strengthen national defences. my ministers will continue to bring the public finances under control, so that britain lives within its means, and to move to a higher wage and lower welfare economy where work is rewarded. to support the economic recovery, and to create jobs and more apprenticeships, legislation will be introduced to ensure britain has the infrastructure that businesses need to grow. measures will be brought forward to create the right for every
household to access high speed broadband. legislation will be introduced to improve britain's competitiveness and make the united kingdom a world leader in the digital economy. my ministers will ensure the united kingdom is at the forefront of technology for new forms of transport, including autonomous and electric vehicles. to spread economic prosperity, my government will continue to support the development of a northern powerhouse. in england, further powers will be devolved to directly elected mayors, including powers governing local bus services. legislation will also allow local authorities to retain business rates, giving them more freedom to invest in local communities. my government will support aspiration and promote home ownership through its commitment
to build a million new homes. following last week's anti-corruption summit in london, legislation will be introduced to tackle corruption, money laundering and tax evasion. my government will continue work to deliver nhs services over 7 days of the week in england. legislation will be introduced to ensure that overseas visitors pay for the health treatment they receive at public expense. new legislation will be introduced to tackle some of the deepest social problems in society, and improve life chances. a bill will be introduced to ensure that children can be adopted by new families without delay, improve the standard of social work and opportunities for young people in care in england.
to tackle poverty and the causes of deprivation, including family instability, addiction and debt, my government will introduce new indicators for measuring life chances. legislation will be introduced to establish a soft drinks industry levy to help tackle childhood obesity. measures will be introduced to help the lowest-income families save, through a new help to save scheme, and to create a lifetime isa to help young people save for the long-term. my government will continue to reform public services so they help the hardest-to-reach. a bill will be brought forward to lay foundations for educational excellence in all schools, giving every child the best start in life.
there will also be a fairer balance between schools, through the national funding formula. to ensure that more people have the opportunity to further their education, legislation will be introduced to support the establishment of new universities and to promote choice and competition across the higher education sector. my government will legislate to reform prisons and courts to give individuals a second chance. prison governors will be given unprecedented freedom and they will be able to ensure prisoners receive better education. old and inefficient prisons will be closed and new institutions built where prisoners can be put more effectively to work. action will also be taken to
ensure better mental health provision for individuals in the criminal justice system. my government will continue to work to bring communities together and strengthen society. legislation will be introduced to prevent radicalisation, tackle extremism in all its forms, and promote community integration. national citizen service will be placed on a permanent statutory footing. my government will continue to safeguard national security. my ministers will invest in britain's armed forces, honouring the military covenant and meeting the nato commitment to spend 2% of national income on defense. they will also act to secure the long-term future of britain's
nuclear deterrent. my government will continue to play a leading role in world affairs, using its global presence to tackle climate change and address major international security, economic and humanitarian challenges. my government will continue to work to resolve the conflict in ukraine. it will play a leading role in the campaign against daesh and to support international efforts to bring peace to syria through a lasting political settlement. britain's commitment on international development spending will also be honored, helping to deliver global stability, support the sustainable development goals and prevent new threats to national security. prince philip and i look forward
to welcoming his excellency the president of colombia on a state visit in november. my government will continue with legislation to modernise the law governing the use and oversight of investigatory powers by law enforcement, security and intelligence agencies. legislation will strengthen the capability and accountability of the police service in england and wales. my government will hold a referendum on membership of the european union. proposals will be brought forward for a british bill of rights. my ministers will uphold the sovereignty of parliament and the primacy of the house of commons. my government will continue to work in cooperation with the devolved administrations to
implement the extensive new powers in the scotland act and establish a strong and lasting devolution settlement in wales. my government will work in northern ireland to secure further progress in implementing the stormont house and fresh start agreements. my lords and mobes of the house of commons, other measures will be laid before you. i pray that the blessing of almighty god may rest upon your ouncils.
prince's chamber devolved procession makes its way back. a lovely site here in the prince's chamber which we haven't seen before with the gentleman's arms with their axes. and it says on the ceremonial page that they will hand in their axes before they leave, which is very wise. field marshall lord walker. now he won the general until 2014 because they had given up making field marshalls and marshall of the royal air force and admiral of the fleet ecause the pension was retired -- too high when they retired. so they changed that. >> i think it is worth pointing out we talked about tourism and tourism is a huge part of what makes this country. but it is possible on normal
days for members of the public to walk exactly the root route that the queen is walking right now into the chamber itself. it's a wonderful opportunity to see that extraordinary building from the inside and at close quarters. >> the royal gallery is beautiful. pictures of the battle of waterloo line the two sides. and when presidents come to address both houses they're not easy to keep discreet because they're enormous. >> wonderful. painted by an irishman who fell out because they refused to pay him properly. in one of the murals there is in the rafters a copy of his unpaid bill that he put into. >> the royal marshall regrets that he doesn't get paid at all and i confirm that that uniform
costs thousands of pounds. what do you think now it's gone ok? is that the kind of thing they're think sng >> i think they're thinking, thank goodness that's out of the way. it's lovely for her majesty to come to parliament but it's a huge ruling. >> she's in the robing room. they bow. >> the timing uth note. >> it's been very good timing. and that is the fifth mace we've seen today. but carried by the primary sergeant at arms. >> and the 41st sergeant at arms. >> now you may be laid on the table but people don't stay. do they? what does that mean when you lay the mace on the table? >> what happens is it's one of those thing that is happens on opening days. the house has now suspended and door keepers will keep guard of the mace but then the house
won't come back until later on today to discuss the queen's speech. >> and before you discuss the queen's speech there is the first and only reading of the bill which essentially guarantees rights to persons arrested, dates back i think from the 129sdz or 13th century. >> it does have a purpose. and the speaker will use the opportunity -- he can only make statements about certain things. but he will use the opportunity to address members and talk about the importance of security and their rights of access and all those kind of things. and it's the one statement of the year where they will reinforce those key messages. >> and the point of the outlawor's bill is that the common will turn to their business first before that of the sovereign. >> yes. >> but he doesn't get beyond the first reading so we don't happen in the end.
they maintain their own. they have a bill on select vestries. nd i only discovered what that means. the select vestry isn't a very posh one. it was kind of a parish council of the parishes actually and it was a select vestry. as will get a first reading. getting a lot of nice pictures. >> you see the searget standing up there using an opportunity o talk to members. >> you were having a quick look today somewhere. >> it is a party day, really. the members will be going off to possibly parties, getting together with their friends, bringing guests in for lunch.
it is a wonderful party atmosphere. >> but for mps is it important though? >> it provides a framework. it's the one day in the calendar everything hinges sauf. it's also a good social occasion. many members will bring their wives or husbands or partners or family to for the day. so in that respect it is an important day. >> it used to be military people who got the job. what was your road to sergeant? >> it wasn't military. i used to be the post mart of parliament. i used to be charge and i hung around and did lots of jobs. but it was after the anthrax in the u.s. through the mail. i was sent to washington how to find out to find anthrax in things in post. after developping a solution for parliament i was off to manage the police contract then assistant sergeant at arms then
sergeant at arms. >> lovely story. and we're joined now in the studio by our correspondent susan. what do you make of today's announcements in the queen's speech? >> it's extraordinary that you have the gold sand glitter and royalty as well as the saying the political year usually hinges off the queen's speech as well but less so this year. if you can talk about that being a side show in a way it is because the political focus is so much on the referendum coming up next month. if it's a vote to leave then a great deal of this will go by the board because a great deal of the government's attention will be taken up with making that happen and all that needs to be done for that. some of us were quite surprised to have the queen's speech in fact. we thought it might have come after that referendum. i think what the government has ried to do, what david cameron
wanted to do, this isn't too controversial. >> we get such -- do you think many of the bills are fairly uncontroversial? my heart always bleeds when i see a bust tore this bill. but for the moment i will come back to you, susan, because the queen has taken off the imperial state crown, she has taken off the parliamentary robe, and she is greeting is the two captains of the body guards and there's lord taylor. they are actually political figures. the chief whip in the house of lords on the right and the deputy chief whip on the left. in the foreground in military uniform. they aren't at all military people. chris making a little joke about the speech he is the lord
president of the council. and she is now turning to lady stole on the left. and now christopher grailing who is the president. he looks like the youngest. and next to him the lord hancellor. this is quite different gathering to what we normally see because the queen normally comes out of the robing room and she chats to a line of people and then goes down the stair caste. what is happening now is milling around, really, on this landing. and there are busts in this landing of every prime minister who was the house of lords. the last one there is lord hugh who, as a member of the house of lords, was prime minister for just a few days before he gave up his title.
chat with the lord chancellor. i can't help noticing that the lord chancellor and the lord president are both in the great debate that is going on. luckily we don't know the views of the lord marshall or the lord gray chamberlin. nd she's going to disappear. she is waiting for the duke who is having more chats with the chief of defense staff and they disappear into what we call the gold list of state. it is quite heavily lined with brass but mainly wood. and the railing reassuring is that it actually has a little speaker and when you get stuck in the lift and they run out of jokes to tell you on the way down you can call for help. susan the actual bills is there anything -- why don't you pick out one or two.
>> well, first of all, david current has written that he wants the next four years to be great social transformation, getting back to his roots before he became prime minister. so there are a number of social kind of bills. >> give us some names of those. >> there is the social work bill that's going to make it easier for children to become formally adopted and taken on by a family. there's more regulation for social workers as well. there's going to be an education bill. that's run into a bit of trouble already. something that david cameron had mentioned at prime minister's questions a few weeks ago. to make all schools in england academies. unfortunately that ran into a bit of trouble. >> it was one of the first turns. >> we may come to why they
might want to avoid that. >> what about the bill of rights? >> what we have so far about the bill of rights in the queen's speech is a little bit vague. it's something that many conservatives want very much for the british courts to be supreme in comparison with the european court of justice. something happening. >> the queen coming about. have gotten back into the diamond jubilee carriage and emerges into the rain i'm afraid to say. f old palace yard. she's quite dry this that carriage and it is air conditioned. so i hope they've turned a bit of heating in there. it is may so of course it is freezing cold and raining.
>> you wouldn't normally expect the heir to the throne to come but he started in 2013. the queen announced that she's going to hand over more to charles. i think this is what we're seeing here. we're seeing the queen is never going to abdicate. but we are going to see as the years progress, she could keep going to 100 we are going to see charles take on more of the duties. it may be in five or six years time he is giving the actual speech. this is quite an arduous performance. maybe charles takes it over in the future. >> fundamental to the role of a constitutional head of state. >> absolutely. it is the key role. i think that one of the last ones that she will give up because it underlines what is the most important thing to her that she remains politically neutral. she has had to set the bar for the future monarch to stay high. >> tell us a wee bit more about
the politics. >> on that bill of rights, is it going to be tricky? >> it can be just at the moment because there is so little detail in there. in the speech in the background to the speech that we've had they said this is going to be up for discussion. there's going to be plenty of discussions. the idea clearly is to bring as many people on board to try to heal some of the wounds that the referendum campaign may have created. >> what about -- what i think is the centerpiece and that is prison reform. the justice secretary and lord anceler are committed to reform. what does he want to do? >> that's right. the idea -- >> tell us at the stroke of 12. >> i will do it in pace to the response. the only idea is to give prison more aut my, to run their own prisons the way happened with
academy schools. i think we've already heard a bit of criticism of that in people have said very well giving aut my but jails are very overcrowded you need to look at sentencing. of funding. >> pause there for a royal salute to prince charles. he only gets half the national anthem but as the crown departs. the thing is you're a conservative let's face it you're at civil war with each other and you've got a long political memory. enlighten us in the 1975 referendum there are two conservative parties. you don't come together on what david cameron wants to do presently and it's hard to see coming together after the
referendum. >> i think i call them great debates. but i understand what -- why you're terming it thus. remember going back to 1975 the original referendum. there's nothing new in politics. there will undoubtedly be a very important period after the referendum where everybody has to reassess where we are. >> how long -- we've got another month, six weeks, five weeks. >> five weeks. >> and it's not pleasant. >> the opposition to the government is all from within their own side. when you say the role of the actual legal opposition is almost less doubt while the conservatives battle on. >> well, indeed. and i think we've seen that in the whole of this last parliamentary year. it looked like the opposition coming from the lords in the house of lords but in fact the government doesn't have to pay too much attention to the house
of lords' defeat because even if it's a small majority you should be able to overturn them. >> they do go through in the end. >> they do. >> the that's the agreement and the compromise the ones where there is a sticking point where the government didn't really want to compromise are ones where conservatives have also had their doubts and wanted to go along with what the lords have said. >> 61 defeats. >> around 60. >> 61 defeats in the house of lords. >> i couldn't possibly compete. >> and two defeats in the house of commons. >> even three actually. >> well there you are. >> competition. >> that is unusual for a majority government. >> it is. and there were other defeats that were staged off for example on the academies issue, on the child migrants issue. and that's because a little tiny majority you are limited in what you can do and -- of
>> now the crown just back into the carriage. placed there by the crown jeweler. the final act of this pageant. nator will cap make their way back to bucking am palace. now in the queen alexandria state coach. he coach mabmen on boor. tap of the reins. and they will be on their way. with the important memory of course that carriages do not y the congestion charge in central london because they are in that sense very fuel efficient. >> nonpolluting.
>> i think -- >> identify got to put it to you because it's not my opinion. we were just skating over this little internal battle in the conservative party. >> you wouldn't expect me to make it worse than it is. >> look. >> we have never had a vote which is as meaningful as this referendum. so people take it seriously. i happened to say i think it's gone too far and yes it is doing damage to the conservative party and there will be a difficult but huge part of reconciliation to put the party back together again. one of the advantages of it being in june is that it does actually give up time before the next election. that is important. >> lovely passing shot of the commons. and you are absolutely about party as i understand but you
saw some of these battles in the first year of the conservative government. didn't you? to see which way the wind was going. what's it like in the commons at times? >> very difficult. passions run high. and people have very, very deep-seated opinions about certain things and believe they are right. but i think it's really important for officials and people at the sergeant at arms and the speaker to try to rise above that and be impartial and to have friends and colleagues on all sides of the chamber. and most importantly to be seen to be impartial. so that was one of the things i tried to do and it can be a tight rope because people will always point the finger and say you're giving a certain privilege to one side or the other but i think you judge to the end of the day on your actions rather than what you say and i think it's really important that you try to keep within the framework of the rules but to -- you know, also
allow the house to -- and to express itself. >> lovely note of unity. another state opening will we see them still 50 years, 100 years? >> i think we will continue to see them. i think we may see some of the pomp and circumstance reduced in perhaps 50 or 100 years. >> they brought them back. >> we've blinged this up. but i think -- it gos in swings. it will be reduced but then -- >> we are making for the michael dobbs lecture on that. thank you very much. i think we've successfully covered and enjoyed the pomp and politics. so my grateful thanks. and thank you too for watching as the queen and other members of the royal family are heading back to the pa lass the commons
have returned to their place as far as i can see on my little monitor here the lords are scurrying away as fast as they can. probably as people alluded to here to go to small refreshment and they've been there since 10:30. at 2:30 this afternoon bbc parliament will have live coverage of the queen's speech debate. where this queen's speech will actually be debated where the prime minister will be pushing the case for the bills outlined in this queen's speech and the leader of the opposition will have his say immediately after. then it will be jeremy's first outing in this role as leader of the opposition. so join us on bbc parliament at 2:30 for that live debate. thank you for watching us this morning. and i hope you have all enjoyed it. a very good afternoon to you. [captioning performed by
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thank you for that introduction. let me congratulate my extraordinary and worthy fellow honorary scarlet knights, dr. purnell and bill moyers. matthew, good job. if you are interested, we can talk after this. one of the perks of my job is onorary degrees. but i have to tell you it impresses nobody in my house. now mali and sasha just say, ok, dr. dad, we will see later. an we have some money? to the board of governors from
chairman brown to lieutenant governor, mayor cahill, members of congress, rutgers administrators, faculty, staff, friends and family, thank you for the honor of joni for the two 50th -- joining you for the 250th anniversary of this emarkable institution. but most of all, congratulations to the class of 016. i come here for a simple reason -- to finally settle this uestion.
i'm just kidding. there's not much i'm afraid to take on in my final year of office, but i know better than to get in the middle of that ebate. the truth is i came here because you asked. it is true that a lot of schools invited me to their commencement every year, but you are the first to launch a three-year campaign. e-mails, letters, tweets, outube videos. i even got three notes from the grandmother of your student ody president. and i have to say, that really sealed the deal. that was smart because i have a oft spot for grandmas. so i'm here, off exit nine, on the banks of build rail, at the
site of one of the original ine colonial colleges. winners of the first ever college football game. one of the newest members of the big ten. home of what i understand to be a grease truck for a fat andwich. mozzarella sticks and chicken fingers on your heesesteaks. i'm sure michelle would approve. but somehow you have survived such death-defying acts and you also survived the daily jockeying for buses.
suspect that a few of you are trying to survive this afternoon after a late-night. ou know who you are. but however you got here, you made it. you made it. today, you join a long line of scarlet knights, whose energy and intellect have left this university to heights that the founders could not have imagined. 250 years ago, when america was still just an idea, a charter from the royal government, ben franklin son, established queens college.
a few years later, handful of students gathered in a converted tavern for the first class. from that first class at a pub, rutgers has evolved into one of the finest research institutions in america. it is a place where you 3-d print prosthetic hands for children and devise rooftop wind of arrays that can power entire office buildings with clean, renewable energy. every day, tens of thousands of students come here to this melting pot where ideas and cultures flow together among what might just be america's most diverse student body. here in new brunswick, you can debate philosophy with a
classmate from south asia in one place and strike up a conversation on the w bus with a first-generation latino student from jersey city before sitting down for your site group project with a veteran going to the school on the post ecause of the g.i. bill. america converges here. and so many ways, the history of rutgers mirrors the evolution of america. he course by which we became bigger, stronger, richer, more dynamic, and a more inclusive nation. but america's progress has never been smooth or steady. progress doesn't travel in a straight line. his eggs and zags -- it zigs and zags with fits and starts. progress in america has been hard and contentious and ometimes bloody.
it remains uneven. at times, for every two steps forward, it feels like we take one step back. for some of you, this may sound like your college career. it sounds like mine anyway. which makes sense because measured against the whole human history, america remains a very young nation. younger even in this niversity. progress is bumpy. it always has been. but because of dreamers and innovators and strivers and activists, progress has been this nation's hallmark. i am fond of quoting dr. martin luther king jr., who said, "the ark of the whole universe is long, but it bends toward ustice."
it bends toward justice. i believe that. but i also believe that the arc our nation does not been torched justice or freedom or quality or prosperity on its own. it depends on us. on the choices we make, particularly at certain inflection point in history. particularly when big changes are happening and everything seems up for grabs. the class of 2016, your graduating at such an inflection point -- you are graduating at such and such an point. since the start of the new millennia, cap already witnessed horrific terrorist attacks and war and the great recession. you have seen economic and technological and cultural
shifts that are profoundly altering how we work and how we ommunicate, how we live, how we form families. the pace of change is not subsiding. it is accelerating. these changes offer not only great opportunities but also great peril. fortunately, your generation has everything it takes to lead this country towards a brighter future. i am confident that you can make the right choices the way through fear and paralysis for cooperation and innovation and ope. partly i'm confident because on average, you are smarter and better educated than my generation. although we probably have
better penmanship. and we are certainly better spellers. we did not have spell check ack in my day. you're not on the better educated, you have been more exposed to the world, more exposed to other cultures. you are more diverse, more environmentally conscious. yes, a healthy skepticism for conventional wisdom. you have got the tools to lead us. precisely because i so much confidence in you, i'm not going to spend the remainder of my time telling you exactly how you're going to make the world better. you are going to figure out -- it out. you will look at things with fresh eyes, unencumbered by biases and blind spots and general inertia and crankiness of your parents and grandparents and old heads like me.