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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  May 30, 2016 6:00pm-8:01pm EDT

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today, it is going to be real life, and real life is no joke. it's real at here for the 99%, for sure. it's up to the graduating class of 2016 to make a better world for the 99% who are daily being ,oodwinked, doublecrossed incarcerated, profiled, starved, ms. educated, used, abused, and even shot down on our streets. leave here andse do not go the way of skulduggery -- i got that from mike tyson.
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skulduggery. .he u.s. is a diverse nation this is one of the many things makes us great, despite the legacy of the genocide of the native people and slavery. the census bureau and not spike lee says five years and now, why children will be a minority. by 2049, white folks will be outnumbered by nonwhites. this is happening, people. here and now. it is time to start embracing. and no matter how one might wish it to be otherwise, we are not making america great again by going ,ack to eisenhower, jim crow and leave it to beaver. [applause] it!having now is the time to seize the day
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, take a of this unique moment in history, and build bridges amongst us. i am talking about gender, race, religion, and nations -- not walls and let us build bridges of love versus walls of hate. sidebar number one. , i am amongst some of the greatest minds in the world here at johns hopkins university. people who are a lot smarter ask, can somebody please educate me, me, somebody from the public of brooklyn, new york -- can somebody please explain to me how you can tell
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mexico to build a 25 foot wall on the border on top of that, and have the audacity to tell them, mexico, you foot the bill, too? wtf? sidebar dos. fundraiser i gave a to president barack hussein obama during his first term in office. i don't know about you -- i'm going to miss him. he will be on the right side of history. i heard of this football. this is a device that looks like a briefcase. when activated it can trigger a
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nuclear attack. myth.ght it was a it's always close to the president. it wasn't in the home, but in a vehicle parked outside. i stand before you to testify it is not a myth. this football is for real. i was scared catching a glimpse of it. fast forward to today and i have recurring nightmares. myoss and turn because of nightmare. donald trump has become the 44th president of america and he has the nuclear code to the football. he gets mad at somebody and we all go boom. two more booms. boom, boom. dear god, save us.
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we have to get woke. .e have to wake up to bring it to a close i would like to go back once again to my friend, the philosopher, the poet, and the great humanitarian, mr. p.r. nelson. you might know him as the artist, prince. can we give some love to prince? [applause] prince was a true great american and he wrote a song titled "baltimore." don't worry, not going to sing
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it, but here it is. baltimore, nobody got nobody's way. i guess you could say it was a good day. at least a little bit better than a day in baltimore. does anybody here us pray for mike brown or freddie gray? pieces more than the absence of war. are we going to see another ?loody day let us all take the guns away. absence of war. sayand me may finally enough is enough. it is time for love. hear the guitar play.
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baltimore, evermore. there ain't no justice and there and no peace. if there ain't no justice, there ain't no peace. baltimore. are we going to see another bloody day? we are tired of crying and people are dying. let's take all the guns away. justice, areo echoing to be no peace. going to be no peace. thank you. go with god. black lives matter.
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>> on the next "washington journal, whether nutrition labels make a difference in changing people's eating habits. richard williams who served in the fda will join us. that a conversation with jack hitt on the future of flying cars. later, former new mexico governor gary johnson, who secured the libertarian party presidential nomination, will talk about the 2016 race. washington journal is live at 7:00 a.m. et every morning on c-span. >> madam secretary, we proudly give 72 of our delegate votes to the next president of the united states.
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>> several of the candidates indirectly and by name and share their thoughts on the current political climate. who we will hear from those know the campaign process well. former presidential candidate ben carson and former president bill clinton. atst, ben carson southeastern university where he talked to his time on the campaign trail, and his
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experiences as a neurosurgeon at johns hopkins hospital. he also spoke about his christian faith and encourage students to stand up for what they believe in. this is 15 minutes. [applause] dr. carson: thank you so much. thank you. you. thank you so much. i feel like i am at a political rally. [laughter] i want to congratulate the students, parents, relatives, faculty. thank you for this kind invitation to celebrate this occasion with you. my wife and i have the highest
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esteem for this university. i'm very happy to be a part of this. i have been fortunate enough to travel to 58 countries. give back toppy to this country and to recognize how incredibly blessed we are to be in this nation. some people plan to take that for granted. i do not. it is so important that each one of you develops the tremendous talent that god has provided. to help maintain us as a free country. that has real values and principles. it's going to be a struggle. isot of times people ask me, it really worth getting into the political arena and having people savage europe the tatian and your -- savage your
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reputation and your family to tell lies -- is it worth all of that? the answer is, no. [laughter] not if you are doing it for yourself. others,e doing it for the answer is a resounding yes. that is why god gives us talent and opportunities so that we can people. to help other i had an opportunity over the last year the travel everyplace and to meet so many people. i was particularly thrilled to see so many of my patients everywhere that i went. it is not hard to find a patien t somewhere. i was in kentucky and a family approached me and said, do you
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recognize this young man? i said, he looks familiar. i say that about everybody. they said, you operated on this young man when he was one-year-old. you did an operation or you take -- they saidbrain he just graduated number one in his college class with half a brain. [applause] a wife had an affair and beautiful tall woman came up to her and said, you are dr. carson's wife? i want you to know that he operated on me when i was still in my mother's will. -- mother's womb. that is one of the reasons why
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people will never convince me that the entity inside a mother's womb is just a mass of cells. [applause] medicine was the thing that always grabbed me as a young person. nothing else had the same intensity for me. i loved anything that came on a television or the radio about medicine. i even liked going to the doctor's office. that made me a strange kid. i would radically -- grandly sacrifice a shot -- i would gladly sacrifice a shot just to smell those beautiful -- when everybody else thought i was stupid, and called me names, there was one person who always believed in me and that was my mother. she would always say, benjamin, you are smart to bring home
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rates like this. i brought them home anyway, but she was always saying things like that. she prayed and asked god to give her wisdom and to give it to her, at least in her opinion. my brother and i didn't think it was wise at all. the interesting thing is, as i , people of a books and all kind to different areas. it became increasingly clear to who is mostperson in control of what happens in your life is you. it's not somebody else or the environment or circumstances. it is what you decide to do and how much energy you decide to put behind it. -- had a profound i began to read everything i
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could get my hands on. i loved reading anything and within the space of a year and a half to the bottom of the class to the top of the class. much to the consternation of the students we used to laugh and call me dummy. a year and a half later they would come to me and say, how do you work the problem? feetld say, sit at my while i instruct you. [laughter] that was maybe obnoxious. i had a completely different opinion of who i was. that's really the thing that distinguishes successful people. god is our creator. we are made in his image which means we have these amazing brains that can do almost anything.
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there is nothing that even begins to compare with it. do question is what do we with those brains. that's why god gave them to us so that we can develop them improve ourselves and improve the people around us. thaturse recognizing iings went very well for me thought it was pretty hot stuff. came this little boy from georgia. he was a prodigy at age two. four, he stopped
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being able to walk. his eyes were looking at different directions he had all kinds of trouble. he was diagnosed with a brain stem tumor. experts andiple they said take him home and keep them comfortable because he will die. he ended up at johns hopkins and i remember when he rolled up to barely moving or breathing and i looked at the skin and saw this ugly tumor and they said, we were led hereby the lord. because we would find a christian neurosurgeon to help our son. i said this is a malignant tumor so there's nothing anyone that -- but nothing that i or anyone can do. it's a doctor, the lord will heal our son and he will use you to do it. brand-new,'s are
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submitted they will show something to cat scan does not show. they said, malignant brainstem to her, nothing to be done. i said, i'm sorry, all the experts have looked at this. listen, but doctor, the lord will heal our son. i said, once in 1000 cases, the scans are wrong. so i will take them to the operating room and do a biopsy. maybe it is a fungal thing. i took him and opened in up -- opened him up, a big red madd. ss. it came back a tumor. i close to month and said only the lord knows why we are here and how long we should be here. maybe your son has already served his purpose. all of the things that we always say. lord isd, doctor, the
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going to heal our son. as i walked away i was thinking, i have never seen people with faith like this. fully expecting that boy to deteriorate and i. -- -- and die. over the next two days his i started to fix any started to handle secretions. was a little bit of tissue in the corner we could not see before. i said is it possible the tumor is so big that it just compressed the brainstem and is not in the brainstem? should we go back in? they said, by all means. as i peeled it away layer by layer, i got to the last layer and there was the glistening white brainstem, intact. long story short, he walked out of the hospital and is today a minister.
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one of the oncologists said, i have always been an atheist. not anymore. i really wasn't for him, it was for me. missing your johns hopkins and you have all these people coming to you, your great. i realized it wasn't me at all. is that from now on, you be the neurosurgeon, and i will be the hands. that is where the term "gifted hands" came from. that is when these amazing things started to happen.
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these incredible once-in-a-lifetime cases. i want to guarantee you this. if you will in fact always keep god out front and always acknowledge him, he will lift and he will use you in a positive way. intellectual talent which everyone of you has. honesty and you lead a clean and honest life. you don't put skeletons in the closet. when i was running for office, they were looking everywhere. the even went to australia because i spent time there. they could not find any, because there were not at either. of course, and make them up. then the i is for insight.
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learn from triumphant mistakes. and -- from your triumphs mistakes. wise people listen. the n is for nice. be nice to people. if you're a democrat, be nice to republicans. if you are a republican, be nested democrats. the problems we have in this country are not republican or democrat problems. k is for knowledge. the thing that makes you into a more valuable person. the more that you know the easier it is to move. books, ther mechanism for obtaining that
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knowledge. the second i is for in-depth knowledge. as opposed to superficial knowledge. the g is for god. attempt in our society today to push god out. those of us who are believers to those wholate wish to push him out. to stando be willing up for what we believe in. i have to guarantee you that it is impossible to be free if you are not brave.
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they say we have certain inalienable rights given to us by our creator, aka god. we are a nation where, in our courtrooms, it says on the wall, "in god we trust." every bill in our weallet. where the pledge of allegiance says that we are one nation under god. it is in our founding documents, money,pledge, and on our but we are not supposed to talk about it. what is that? in medicine we call it schizophrenia. [laughter] doesn't that explain what is going on in our nation? we need to make it clear through our lives and words that it is ok to live by godly principles. love your fellow man, care about
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your neighbor. having values and principles that guide your life. if we do that, not only will we remain the pinnacle nation, we will truly have one nation, und er god, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. congratulations and godspeed. [applause] >> janet brown was the commencement speaker in texas. nonprofit,of a
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nonpartisan organization that oversees the debate process for presidential candidates running in the general election. in her address to graduates she spoke about the power of technology and how to appreciate the democratic process during an election cycle. [applause] thank you president berger very much. it is a huge honor to be here with jack geary, whose generosity to georgetown is inspiring. there may be a lot of land in texas but as mark twain said, we are not making it anymore. hundreds of acres of protected greenery will grace this town in perpetuity. familiarityly, my
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centered on next ordinary leaders, president and berger and fay vincent, a member of the university board of visitors. understandings an of the lively history. it includes yellow fever, a long-standing religious dispute and newspaper editors whose disagreement led to a dual. 176 years later. you are united in your diversity as well as your shared traditions.
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it is a good time to remember the words of the late father gilbert graham, a dear family friend who was a chicago priest and representative to the holy see. he said he would give the couple at a wedding 24 rules for marriage. as time went on he reduced it to 12 recommendations. [laughter] after a while, he offer them one suggestion. try to be polite to one another. [laughter] it is presumptuous to give advice to 291 people whom you do not know, even though you would like to. .ere are a few suggestions early this year, the octopus inky escape from his tank in the
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new zealand aquarium. he been saved from a trap in 2014 and taken to the aquarium for treatment. ring recovered, a biologists pointed out if he were not adequately stimulated, inky would get bored. one night he decided to spend his -- expand his horizons. he squeezed all eight lakes through a hole in the top of the tank, scamper across the floor, and slide down a 165 foot point that put him on track to hock spain and freedom. bay and -- hawk's freedom. foundxt day his trainers his roommate alone in the tank. suction marks on the floor. a clean break. no farewell note. this story is easy to love for reasons that correspond to think, create, connect. it is also a good news story entered. this is a good newsday let's
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start the -- it is a good news story and this is a good newsday. let's start the octopus tutorial. he used stealth, working at night, and relied on his in sinks to the water. he did not telegraph's plan or his progress by a social media. [laughter] nor did he ask anyone to like it. literally kept his head down and focused on the prize. inky gets an a for thinking. not that long ago, what happened in an aquarium halfway around
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the world would not be known in georgetown texas until someone had mailed the news clipping from the paper. of creativity our world is joined in real-time by modern technology. the news coverage included quotes from research scientists worldwide emphasizing the intelligence and ingenuity of octopi. one expert described in octopus in the united kingdom who would leave his own tank at night, slither across the floor, snack on the resident fish, go back to his tank and when the keepers arrived he looks like the poster child for innocence. another expert described the octopus who figured out how to unscrew the lid to a jar. experts were not surprised by research acres of the that marine biologists conduct independently is part of a database that can be kept by anyone, anywhere, anytime.
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we take this extraordinary capacity for granted. technology allows your department to hold classes with counterparts at other campuses. sharing the resources of each and the larger capacities of big research universities. as chelsea pointed out, 3-d printing is now a reality. symposium focused on 3-d printing a concept that not long ago seemed only credible and spielberg movies. the southwestern professor is already recognized in this amazing field focusing on sculpture and regenerative medicine and area she knows is already creating the remarkable. back to our tutorial in the third point. inky is now a free man. he's connected with his home, the ocean. he is presumably hatching new plans.
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his escape printed one reader to comment that he no longer eats octopus since he is quite sure the species is so smart they will someday rule the world and have an accurate record of all the humans who make them. inky is a reminder that it is important to celebrate good news . there's quite a lot of the other kind. and ons a banner newsday many levels illustrates the power of connecting. the seniors had the good fortune of connecting with southwestern when deciding where to continue your education. here you are encouraged to connect across all learning paths. mathematics and sciences arts and humanities. you leave here with treasured connections to classmates, professors, coaches, and the georgetown community that will be continual sources of strength. in six months you will connect with one of the central events
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of american democracy, a national election. for many of you it will be the first time that you exercise the right to vote. you will with participatory democracy and with the chance to on the knowledge that will make you an informed citizen. one of the many privileges of working for the commission on presidential debates is the international program that dr. berger referred to. for more than two dozen years we have received requests from emerging democracies to help them start their own debate. the reason is that they have watched hours. they see them as central to the democratic process. they believe it's amazing that americans think they have the right to expect political candidates to exchange opposing views about their positions on major issues. they think it is astonishing this can take place in a civil and fair manner and that anyone who would like to watch or listen can. the fact of international
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network is the happy result of connectedness. not that long ago small governmental organizations from jamaica and nigeria come a argentina and bosnia, sierra leone, ukraine and 20 other countries would never have connected to make a difference in their quest for stronger democracy. as youeir hopes in mind navigate the next few months. they aspire to democracy is open as ours. they aspire to elections that do not get rescheduled at the whim of a candidate or influence by state owned media outlets that tilt the accuracy of information. plus technology makes it easier than it has ever been to know the facts about issues and candidates for every office on the ballot. thinking that you know is not enough. we all have automatic mental based on our own
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experiences that affect how we perceive and analyze information. each of us brings precooked points of view and we each give different weight to different parts of that information. our analyses and arguments are affected by these filters which means we can end up talking past each other. teachers saysrite we first have a duty to understand another person's argument on his or her terms before responding or criticizing which means listening carefully before dismissing. trying as best we can to remove the filters and engaging in a respectful debate. this is thinking, creating, connecting. exercise these skills this fall. it is easy to follow the crowd and be swayed by group reaction of a especially when they can express themselves relentlessly on various media. think for yourself, create your own knowledge base.
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connect to the democratic process as an individual, as a pioneer, as a pirate. the contentious nature of the campaign has a lot of people wringing their hands but if you want to see contention remember southwestern's history. this is a country where resilience and resourcefulness have prevailed. let's return to inky. if you feel discouraged, remember the power of making a plan. withhe skills you are born and never estimate -- underestimate the importance of physical fitness. take advantage of the technology available. there is no excuse to be uninformed. whether it is about the election or the fastest path to the drainpipe, if you think, you can create. if you can do both, you can connect. congratulations on a job well done.
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congratulations to family ,riends teammates and roommates the southwestern kitchen staff and grounds crew, and building a maintenance gang at security team who worked long and hard to make today shine. congratulations to the university faculty and the high school students, coaches and librarians and music teachers who helped shepherd you to southwestern. me be partor letting of the day. [applause] >> c-span's 2016 look at commencement speeches continues. we are joined by dr. edward berger who is president of southwestern university in
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texas. an interesting choice for your commencement speaker. is the executive director director of the commission on presidential debates. was 'tis the season to be thinking about residential elections in a could not think of a more appropriate individual to speak at a very high level and in a very thoughtful level about the upcoming national elections but southwestern university our focus is on making connections and there is no better way to make connections than through a presidential election where there are political applications and social implications and drama. was really an obvious choice. >> it has been a big year for debates already. did janet brown talk at all
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about what may be ahead for the debates in the fall? >> she did not really foreshadow any of that, though we do expect both presidential and vice presidential debates in the fall. ,he really encouraged everybody not just the graduates, but everyone listening to actively listen and she was pulling on many of the tenants of southwestern which is to think on your own, create and think through these ideas and to make the connection that you need to make and to not be distracted by the din of voices and the noise that is social media and other individuals. but really trying to make your own decisions and to think carefully and thoughtfully. >> how was her speech received by the graduates? >> they loved it. we line up at the end of the ceremony. the students walk through us and i was standing right across her.
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we were the first people the students would pass by and so many of them thanked her and how much they appreciated her words and afterwards ought of the families approached her and i have family who said it was one of the best commencement speakers at southwest university. it's good because we are one of the oldest institutions in texas. >> what is the process for you? our students involved in selecting the commencement speech are each year? university relations and faculty, staff and students. at the end of the day i make the invitation. >> you said southwestern, university. the oldest institution in texas. tell us a bit more about potential students and moms and dads of students. >> wonderful, i appreciate the opportunity. southwestern is a small, private, liberal arts institution which is similar to
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many that are typically found in the northeast and new england area. if you're thinking about a small liberal arts institution but hate the snow, you have to come to southwestern or the first charter goes back to 1840. before texas was even a state it was the republic of texas at the time. now we are salivating the 176 the year -- 176th year. people are challenged to not just think about subjects and ideas but try to think through them. to try to have a truly impactful education that will transcend. i know that most of my students will forget the calculus but we try to offer them far more than that so that when they leave the calculus class they will be thinking differently. i see you have risen -- written a dozen books or so, mathematics and a podcast on higher education. >> it is aptly called higher ed.
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kut named it. it is a sunday afternoon thing. it is online. the host ofyton, "morning edition" in austin, we got together and we tool around with interesting ideas in education. whether it is how the curriculum should be formed, what we should be teaching, or some nonsensical things. we have a lot of fun with it. i also offer a math puzzler for listeners to chew on. >> dr. ed berger, thank you for joining us. anc-span's look at twice at commencement speeches continues now with former president bill clinton. -- look at 2016 amendment speeches continues now with former president bill clinton. he spoke at loyola merrimac university. marymount loyola
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university. this is 20 minutes. [applause] pres. clinton: thank you very much. i want to begin by thanking your chair, kathleen. congratulating her not only on her degree but her work of many years to enable more young people to go to college. president snyder, thank you for welcoming me here and for your service. and for doing it with such remarkable energy. i want to thank congresswoman maxine waters. and her husband, ambassador sidney williams.
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maxine for her service and devotion to this district and her longtime friendship to hillary and me which means more than i can say. there are a lot of proud parents in this audience. people who are in public service. i do want to know that the senator from wyoming and his family are here because his daughter is also in the graduating class. at least two of your alumni are very important parts of your administration. i want to acknowledge the former secretary of defense, rudy deleon, and a man who is not n, who servedelle
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in the commission for people with disabilities. in two capacities. not just as a commencement speaker but hillary and i claim -- came as a proud member of this class. i want to congratulate tyler's mom and dad and all the parents supportly members and systems that got these graduates here today as well as the graduates themselves. i am well aware that for most of you, the least important part of the ceremony is my talk. i graduated from georgetown 48 years ago and i can say with some conviction that most people who have been out of college as long as i have cannot remember their commencement speaker, much less what he said.
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but i remember both and i learned a lot from it will stop -- from it. like you, it started out as a cloudy day. but the mayor of washington, d.c. got up to speak in that moment, a huge thundercloud rolled over. it was incredibly loud. a massive lightning bolt came out of the sky. walter washington looked at us and said, if we do not get out of here, we're all going to drown. best, if youl the would like to read my speech, i will send you a copy. good luck. [laughter] that was it. that the very finest commencement speeches are both brief and highly relevant. [laughter] so here is my only slightly longer attempt.
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mostre graduating in the interdependent age in human history. other,pendent with each within your community, your state, your nation, and the world. this -- this campus is deemed global imagination. like what you said, like the world on fire. both have to be defined. all that interdependence means is here we are, stuck together. we cannot get away from each other. borders, you name it, we are stuck with interdependence. whether we like it or not, for , yourst of your lives
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life will in some way be determined by what happens to other people. by how you react to it, how they treat you, how you treat them, and what larger forces are at work in the world. the global economy, the internet , mobile technology, the explosion of the social media have unleashed both positive and negative forces. the last two years have seen an amazing explosion of economic, social, political empowerment. the have also laid bare power of persistent inequalities, political and and identityility politics based on the simple proposition that our differences are all that matter.
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at the root of it all is a simple question. yourselves and your relationship to others in positive or negative terms? if we are bound to share the future, it seems to me that it is clear that all of us have the responsibility each in our own way, to build up the positive, and to reduce the negative forces of our interdependence. people on theo left, the right, somewhere in the middle, or somewhere out there. there are so many people who feel that they are losing out in the modern world because people either do not see them or they see them only as members of groups that they feel threatened
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by. young people pushing for immigration reform, clinging to talk to and stop a -- clinging to daca and dapa where there future is uncertain. feels that way. the young people in the black lives matter movement feel that way. so do the coal miners in communities where their present is bleak, and they think there future is bleak or. ker. that all of us who want to fight climate change, do not give a riff about the wreckage of their lives. it is everywhere. when we try to drift apart in an interdependent age, all that we do is build up the negatives and reduce the positive forces of interdependence.
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what does set the world on fire mean? it means that you can set the world on fire, but the power of your imagination. by the gift of your passion. by the devotion of your heart and your skills. to make your life richer and to lift others. orton means that you can set the world on fire -- or it means that you can set the world on fire. [laughter] you have to decide. because the world is interdependent, you cannot take a pass. byhink the future begins accepting the wonderful instruction of our very first jesuit pope. pope francis has fostered a culture of encounter. where my condition works in africa and the hills of central africa, nobody has any wheel
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transportation so everyone meets on foot and when people pass each other on paths, and one says good morning, hello, how are you? the response in english is, i see you. i encounter you. you are real to me. think about all the people today , yesterday, and tomorrow you will pass and not see. do you really see anybody who works in a restaurant where you go after to have a celebratory meal? do we see the people that we pass on the street who may have a smile or a frown or a bird in the can barely carry alone? passionately advocate for the causes that we believe in, have we anticipated all of the unanticipated consequences
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so we can take everybody a long for a ride into the future that we imagine. when pope francis tells us to engage in a culture of encounter , he is thinking about the lm you students in this class who students in this class who since they were freshmen have performed over 200,000 hours of community service. [applause] saying,a fancy way of you saw a need and you stepped in to solve it. you did it not only because it was the morally right thing for other people, but because it made your life more meaningful. that is the way you want to set the world on fire. the young people mentioned in my have been parto of our global initiative community for university students made very specific
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commitments. they promised to mentor high school girls. to help them overcome any preconceived notion of their own limitations. they promised to help the victims of domestic violence. and violence against the homeless. they promised to provide more capital to small business people in haiti through microcredit loans. something that means a lot to hillary and me personally, because for over 40 years since we took a honeymoon trip there, we have cared about them and believe in the. they promised educational exchange with the national university of rwanda. we can learn a lot from them because they lost 10% of their people in 90 days to a genocide in 1994 and they came back because they refused to be paralyzed by the past.
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they joined hands across the line that led to all that bloodshed to create a common future. at the heart of your restorative justice program here. instead of figuring out who to punish, figure out how to repair the harm. instead of focusing on getting even for the past, focus on how we can share the future. if it is at the heart of your efforts here to improve the juvenile justice system. you, without knowing it, have often embodied the future of positive interdependence that we hope to build. you cannot have shared prosperity in an inclusive community unless we believe our common humanity is even more important than our incredibly interesting differences.
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so i will say this again. on every continent, think of the struggles in latin america, the political and social and economic struggles in america. think of what is going on in asia and africa, think of how europe is dealing with this influx in the middle east with the largest number of refugees since world war ii. in all these conflicts in these countries and whether they should keep europe together, everyone is part of an ongoing battle to define the terms of our interdependence. whether we do it in positive or negative terms. are going to expand the definition of us and shrink the definition of them, or should we hunker down in the face of uncomfortable realities and just stick with our own crowd? it will be a bleaker future if you do that.
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since it the world on fire with your imagination, not with your matches. [laughter] [applause] set the world on fire by proving that what we have in common is one million times more important than our utterly fascinating differences. thatly, i just want to say all that this is, this great struggle that will go on for several years now, to define our relationships in an you,dependent world is for life, a reald of a life. the life or you will live your own story, have your own dreams, and suffer your own disappointments. it is an empowering gift you have. for most of human history,
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adults had no choice about what they did with their waking hours. they got up and did with their forebears had done to survive, to feed to propagate the species, to have children, to raise them to go on in a less izedten iced way -- routin way. if they would put two sticks, two stones together to be warm at night and cook food. but you can set the world on fire because of the empowerment of your education and the empowerment of your circumstances. so here's my last shot. there are no final victories or defeats in this life. you will make mistakes and you will fail. and if you keep trying you will be glad you did.
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the only thing that matters is how quick you get up and how resolutely you go on. it is not given to us to win every battle but to fight the right fight. mother teresa once said it was far more important that she and her fellow nuns be faithful than they always be successful. i can tell you after 48 years, it doesn't take long to live a life. but the journey can be utterly glorious. and i would give anything to be your age again just to see what's going to happen. i do believe that this will be discovery- sperous, idden, exhilarating era in human history, if we decide how best to set the world on fire.
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if we keep expanding the definition of us and shrinking the definition of them. if every day we all get a little better in seeing every one we encounter physically or virtually. if we remember that a very short life the things we share that are even more than the things about us that are special. so do well. do good. have a good time doing it. and remember, it's the journey that matters. set the world on fire in the right way. god bless you. cheers and applause]
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>> republican presidential candidate donald trump hold as news conference tomorrow at trump tower in new york city. we'll have that live at 11:00 a.m. eastern on our cam pan onnetwork c-span2. -- companion network c-span2. our campaign 2016 bus travels throughout the country to recognize winners of our student cam competition. recently the bus stopped in massachusetts. they went to the school in foxborough where all the students honored seventh graders anika, sasha bates for their
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honorable mention video titled "gunning for safety." d they stopped in led low to honor the video "general services." titled equal video lbgt rights." they each received $250. a special thanks to our cable partners, comcast and charter communication to help coordinate these visits. >> supreme court justice clarence thomas spoke some about his friendship with his friend antonin scalia. this is 30 minutes. [applause]
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justice clarence thomas: thank you all. thank you. thank you. thank you. thank you all. back, n, chairman brod members of the board, members of e faculty, family, friends most of all graduates, i'm honored to be here. i'm particularly honored because my bride is with me. we spend quite a bit of time together and we like, i think to have memories together. and this is, indeed, is a
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memory. again, i'd like to thank dr. aryn for inviting me. and again, i express my deep honor and garage tude to participate in these commencement exercises. - and gratitude to participate in these commencement exercises. it's been a while since virginia and i have been together in, of course, in separate occasions but never together. of course, we known mr. aryn and penny aryn as dr. aryn has indicated and we've been close to hillsdale throughout his tenure. we both admire the work that's been done here to educate young men and young women. i was fortunate to have had for me a few clerk years back. he was an outstanding law clerk
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and a wonderful, brilliant young man. math so one of my daily companions. i also had a chance as dr. aryn mentioned to visit with the young students who atend savanna classical academy in my hometown savanna, georgia. this is the very same school that i attended high school in in the 1960's. this has been the most difficult term at the court. this difficulty is underscored by the sudden and tragic passing of my colleague and friend, justice antonin scalia. i think it is fitting to say a few words about him particularly here. many will focus on his intellect and his legal prowess. i do not demure in either case.
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but there is so much more to the man than that. when i think of justice scalia, i think of the good man whom i could instinctively trust during my first days on the court and those were challenging days. he was in the tradition of the south of my youth a man of his word. a man of character. over the almost 25 years that we were together, i think we made the court a better place for each other. [applause] i certainly know that he made it a better place to me. it was kind to me when it mattered most in those early days. he is and will be sorely missed.
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in the years since i attended college etched towards a half surgery, i feel -- century, i feel a bit out of place talking to college students or college graduates. much has changed since i left college in 1971. things that were once considered irm have long since lost their vitality and much has seemed inconceivable is now firmly or universally established. hallmarks of my youth such as patriotism and religion seem re like outliars, if not afterthoughts. so in a sense i feel woefully out of place doing this or any commencement. my words will perhaps be more of
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a vintage nature than currently than current in content. words naturally matter, not a current newspeak. admit to being unapologetically catholic, a patriot and unapologetically a constitutionalist. in my youth, we had a small farm. i am convinced that the time i spent there had much to do with my firm resolve to never farm again. [laughter] work seemed eternal like the weeds that consume our lives and
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our efforts. one of the constantly conveyed obligations to produce food for ourselves and for others. ,f there was to be independence then we have to first understand accept and then discharge our responsibilities. the latter were the necessary ut not always sufficient antecedants or precursors of the former. if you did not discharge your responsibilities there could be no independence, no self-sufficiency, no freedom, no crops. n a broader context, we were obligated in our neighborhood to
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be good neighbors so that the neighborhood would thrive. whether there was to be a clean thriving neighborhood was directly connected to our fforts and to our conduct. so there was always to our way of thinking a connection and a relationship between the things we valued most and our personal obligations or efforts. there could be no freedom without each of us discharging our responsibles. that was first and foremost. no more needed to be said. but that is a bygone era. today we rarely hear of our personal responsibilities in discussions of broad notions
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uch as freedom or liberty. t is as though freedom and liberty exist wholly independent of what we do, it is our version of predestination or as my grandfather often warned us or told us, money didn't grow on trees. perhaps we think liberty grows n trees. or existence of initium continuum is independent of our conduct. in fact, this era is one in which any difference or different treatment is inherently suspect. apparently we all deserve the same reward, the same status, not with standing the differences in our efforts or
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our abilities. it is no wonder then that we hear so often what is deserved or to what one is entitled. i guess by this reasoning, the student who took full advantage of spring break bacanalia is apparently entitled to the same success as the conscientious disciplined classmate who worked and studied while he played. perhaps we should redistribute the conscientious student grades to make the frolicing classmate his or her equal. i'm sure the top 10 students would love that. [laughter] this leads me to wonder, if the same sense of entitlement applies to that which makes it possible for us to live in a free country, after the constitutional convention in philadelphia, benjamin franklin
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remarked when asked what they had done that they had given us a republic if we can keep it. nearly a century later, in his two-minute speech at gettysburg, president lincoln again spoke of what was required of us after the battle of gettysburg. he said, it is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us. that from these honored debts we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the ast full measure, that we here highly resolve that these debts shall not have died in vain, that this nation under god, shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from
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the earth. many who have gone before us have done precisely that. they have been dedicated to preserving and enhancing our nation and the liberties upon whichs the built in war and in peace, they have made sure that those who gave the last full vain.e did not do so in because you are all are graduates of hillsdale college it is quite appropriate and convenient to reflect briefly of their understanding of what was to be preserved, what happened to be earned. the founders and many successful generations believed in natural rights and that as the declaration of independence makes clear to establish a government by consent, they gave
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up only those rights necessary to create a limited government. they then structured that government so that it could not jeopardize the little bit that flowed from these inherent or natural rights. of course, these limitations have roots that go as far back as the original magna carta over 800 years ago. but even though this liberty is inherent, it is neither guaranteed nor assured, the very founding documents of our country for example are an assertion of this liberty against arguably the most powerful man in the world. and it was secured at the risk of the lives, fortunes and sacred honor of those who dared to assert that liberty. over the life span of our great country, occasions have arisen
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that -- have arisen that require this liberty as well as the form of government that insures it, be defended if it was to survive . at the risk of understating what is necessary to preserve liberty and our form of government, i hink more and more that just depends on good citizens discharging their daily duty and their daily obligations. resist what seems to be formulaic. some broad complaint and some exertation to the young graduates to go out and solve the stated problem or otherwise to change the world. having been where you all are, i think it is hard enough to first solve your own problems.
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not to mention those problems that often steam to defy olution. in addressing your own responsibles in the right way you actually help to insure our responsibilities and our form of government. roughout my out, even as the segregation persisted we revealed the ideals of our great nation. of course, we knew that our country was like all human institutions a flawed nation. but we also knew that in the ideal of liberty lay our last best hope. i watched with anguish as many groped and stumbled through the rkness of literacy or bear
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literacy. yet, they desperatery wanted to learn. they implicitly knew how important it was to enjoy the fullness of citizenship of this great country. they had spent an agregation of lifetimes standing on the edge of that duel citizenship that is at the part of the 14th amendment of our constitution. and even during the last world war, they were willing to fight for the right to die on foreign soil to defend their country, even as their patriotic affections went unreciprocated or unrequited. they returned from that war with dignity to face the dignity of discrimination at home. yet, the desire to push our nation to live up to its stated ideals persisted. i often wondered why my grapped
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parents remain such model citizens even when our country failures were so obvious. in the arrogance of my early adult life, i challenged my grandfather and doubted the ideals of our nation. he bluntly asked, so where else would you live? though, not a lettered man, he knew that though not nearly perfect, our constitutional ideals were perfectible if we worked to protect them rather than to undermine them. as he said, son, don't throw the baby out with the bath water. that is, don't discard that which is precious along with that which is tainted. sadly, today when it seems that grievances rather than personal
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conduct are the means of elevation, this may sound odd or at least discordant. but those around -- but those around us back then, seemed to have resolved to conduct themselves consistent with the our s that the ideals of country demand. they were law abiding, hard working, police republicanned. they discharged their responsibilities to their families and neighbors as best they could. we were taught that despite unfair treatment, we were to be good citizens and good people. if we were to have a functioning neighborhood, then we had to first be good neighbors. and if we were to have a good city, state, and country, we have to first be good citizens.
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the same went for our school and our church. the corporal works of mercy, the greatest commandment, love thy neighbor as yourself. just because someone else ronged us, did not justify reciprocal conduct on our part, right was right and two wrongs did not make a right. as my grandfather often said, we were duty bound to do the right thing, to do unto others as we would have them do unto us. in a sense, they were teaching us that what we wanted to do did not define what was right, nor, of ht add, did our litany once defy liberty. rather, what was right defined
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what we were required to do. and what we were permitted to do. if defined, our duties and our responsibilities, whether those duties meant cutting our neighbor's long, visiting the sick. feeding the hungry or in rare cases going off to war as my brother did, we were honorable -- we were to on rably discharge them. shortly before his death in 1983, i sought my grandfather's advice about how to weather the first wave of criticism directed toward me. i admit to having been somewhat unnerved back then by the torrent of negativity. he immediate response was simple. son, you have to stand up for .hat you believe in
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to him that was my obligation and my duty. perhaps, it is in times like that when you lack both strength and courage that the clarity of our obligation supplies both. uty, honor, country. as i admitted at the outset, i am of a different time. i knew no one for example who was surprised when president john f. kennedy famously said at his inauguration in 1961, ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country. that sentiment was as common as saying the pledge of allegiance and singing the star-spangled banner. and as pervasive and shopping at
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my navy surplus stores,, today, of course, there is much more focus on our rights as citizens and what we are owed. it is not off that one hears as obligations or duties citizens. unless there is talk about duty to submit another new policy being suggested or pro-podse. my grandfather often said that if we didn't work, we didn't eat. r we didn't plant, we didn't harvest. there must always be a relationship as i said earlier between our responsibilities and our benefits. >> in agregian societies, that's more obvious. as sode becomes more complex and specialized, this is more difficult to discern.
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but let's look at this a different way. if you continue to run up charges on your credit card and never make a payment, at some point, you reach your credit limit. >> if you continue to make withdrawals from your savings ccount and make no deposits, eventually you defleet your funds. why is it not the case, then, that fef we don't consume the benefits of a free society without repen lishing or nourishing it, we will eventually deplete it. >> if we are not making deposits then who is? are we content to let others do the work? to let a few give the last full measure for liberty while we consume the benefits. so, perhaps one day we will
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run out of other people sacrifice and courage. and perhaps we will run out of courageous people willing to make the sacrifice. ut this is hillsdale college and you are special that shining city on a hill. hillsdale is a trusty of the her thadge finds its clearest and the and the existence of it under law. it understands that liberty is government.t of i offer you a few brief suggestions to make your contributions to liberty. sbur your deposits to the counts of liberty. today is just the end of the
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beginning of your young lives. and it is the beginning, the intensement of the rest of your lives. and hopefully there long fruitful lives in a frun country. there are there is much more to come. nd it will not be with the kayaking hands. perhaps you will be required to guide them. most , some of you will assuredly be called fon do the ry hard things, be serve liberty. perhaps even give the last full measure. bubu all of you will be called pop to provide that firm foundation of citizenship. by carrying out your obligations in much the way that those around you did. and so many did during my youth.
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you are to to the be the example to others that they were to you. >> the greatest lecture or sermon who will give is your example. what you do is matter far more than what you say. as the years have swiftly moved by, i have often reflected on the importance of citizenship lessons of my lime life. for the most part it was the unplanned array of things. there was the kind gesture from the neighbor. it was my grandmother dividing our dinner because another person showed up unannounced. it was the strangers stopping to get our crops out of the field before a big storm. they they were the irish nuns
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who believed in his us and lived in our neighborhood. there was the librarian who brought books to smooch that i would not be without reading terms. >> maul lessons such as these. became a big lesson for how we lived our lives. >> we a good neighbor or a good citizen. who will be watching you? and what will you be teaching them? , i implore you to take a few minutes. so thank those who made it mobble for you to come this far. >> your parents, your teachers, your past our orcoaches. you know who helped you. >> take a few minutes just to show your gratitude. >> these are the people who have
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shown you how to act sice. for home to whom they love even when that sacrifice is not always appreciated. as you go through life, try to be that person whose actions teach others how to be better people and bet every zit zins. reach out to that high person who's sfot popular. stand up for others when they're being treated unfairly. and tsane yarp. >> hett's take a look at difficult friend who having a good time. not had your face or your bliss. in this world it seems to have gone mad with police cal correctness. treat others the way you would
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like to be treated. if you. these small lessons become the unplanned syllabus for becoming a good citizener and your efforts. will hope to form the fabric of a several society. and a big and prossprougs nation where in harnt requality and liberty are. you are men and women of hills klay college, a fuped that. and it's traditions. at great sacrifice and great cofmentse >> you, our minute and women of hails dale stepped in the best our great and crem in nation if you don't leave by example, who do i have.
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flight for he others to follow, that city on the fill. may god bless each of you now and throughout your lives. and may got bless america, thank you. [applause] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy.visit] >> our commencement special looking at 2016 commencement speakers. we're joined by dr. larry aryn. he's bnch president since 2000. this year the, clarence thomas. thomas ryn, justice doesn't speak into court that
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everyone. what was your motivation for that? >> well, i've been privileged to know. i know he doesn't actually like to do things that. and i've been reluctant to ask him. but he's often top of the list of our senior class. so this year they talked him into it. they said, maybe you're hurting his feelings by not asking. >> i. i did wright the liter. and i said yes. >> is that the first time you were speaking to him before school. reather a graduation septemberings. >> he had been here for a few times. and he speak the ining a ration. first time i ask him for a commencement and -- it's too because because it will be a very long time before i could ask him again. what are you do think the graduates learned more from
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justice snoms what do you think they got from his speech? >> it was in my opinion, a beautiful commencement speech. in my opinion commencement speeches they're seen is how to live a good lie. >> the obviously thing to convince her is termination. they're leaving the cleng. it's about how they live their lives. and so justice thomas's advice was to them, it's very beautiful, very well rendered. and and it was like how to be a good and successful and happy person >> we last saw justice thomas speak at the funeral services for his fellow supreme court justice antonin scale yeah. . either before the graduates or in your conversation with him? >> both. early in his commencement remarks he paid an extensive he had quite aus
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lot to say about him. he. and he misses them terribly. >> the headline in the huffington post, a quick quote from that speech says justice thomas tells -- do not hide your face and your beliefs. tell us how that fits into your college's mission? cubs started in yistian. it's a constitutional to russ. i did not know greek and aloe. our college had a combigspeart in the civil quar. even to event the party. freddie douglas is a spiritual spread sort sort. we also value those things and think that they form and intend
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integrity that making for an excellent human life r. back to the slix of justice thomas. in general, you pretty much hit the a-list with justice, thomas. how you do top that for the lass of 2015. >> i had a cleaving moment. the best i've seen and i've been here a long time. i said i feel like i with get it. e womb and went. what is there left to do. >> dr. larry aryn is president of hillsdale michigan and college. -- with us. ing us former secretary, and ashton carter and joint
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chiefs of staff general joe doneford were part of the sermony. you can see that at 8:00 p.m. eastern here on crsks span. >> with congress in recess american history programs are airing on primetime. look for our histories feature including a three day vet unanimous war summit from the lyndon b. johnson. a 15 anniversaries retrospective on the country. tonight the. the soldiers battle with physically and psychological trauma and a conversation with henry kissing zwrer. >> it was written on a president who all his life had been known as concerned threat mentally for domestic policy was and in the
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80 division of the country. it's the last. a conversation with filmmakers ken burns and. by the time we got four or five decades away where the historical triangle lation can actually place so he can distance him. not just to make it realityive but something that is hopefully greater than some of ilingts pars. you begin to realize that almost everything you thought you knew it's not true. >> and on wednesday a loob at whobar from the perspective fought it. there are. our real america series looks at the and means to activate of the c.i.a., i.r.s. and the n.s.a. and opening up in september, friday at k p.m. eastern.
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all day reference talks and as american hirsry. >> i couldn't get that out of my mind that my students were thinking that somehow this afternoon history wasn't real cause it did -- there was no extbook textbook as there was. in the department of history. i decide to write a textbook. >> c-span's look at 2016 commencement speeches concludes now with spleem court nominee ma rick garr gndland. he was the speaker at niles west high school. a place where he graduated from. as valedictorian of his class.
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>> many things have changed since that first graduation speech i gave here. on this very spot in 1970. er -- the electric typewriter was cutting edge technology. and paul mccartney was about the wift is e taylor s today. threw but there are things that never go out of style. paul mccartney is one of them. i hear you had tie die davis. were well, i'm 1970. dye day.y was tie-
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in 2016 the team brought home the illinois state championship. congratulations. and on may 29 of both yearss the cubs were in first place in their division. here's hoping 2016 works out etter than 1970 did. most important it's every much a big a thrill an an honor to speak at your graduation. the kind of rs for person i am today. i owe this place a lot. of course, i didn't know it at the time. sb like you, i said on this graduation field. like today the sun was shining brilliantly. the future stretched out in
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front of us with what seemed like endless possibilities. and my friends and i looked on that future with great anticipation. but in all of us, there was also, as i expect a small pressure of fear. even if were were too cool, and let it's opportunities seem great in theory. but how would they work out in practice? endless possibility means you might have to choose, paths that are different from those who have played on taking today. where we prepare for the obstacles that lay ahead or even for the first he is said was over. we were just about to start. unfortunately i'm here to anti-the twipts an turns that life will take. >> nor should you.
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>> life would be pretty boring because you could plan it all out on graduation dale. no one can or should try to anticipate everything, i can tell you that niles west does or at least did it for me. the next best thing. me paired fe more the unexpect. . niles west made me feel part of the community. wednesday r wednesday was a bigger day. but the world you're about to enter is bigger still. and although west was big, and it is big as the big place made of smaller places. kids feed in from lincoln hall. and lincoln jr.ion high. some fair view, park view. and co ver. and turn kids feet into their
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middle schools from smaller neighborhoods and in the end from their families. well, takes each of these communities and stitches them together. like the hope for our country. . eat field if you get >> west was a plate. you knew some since kinter garden and some since the beginning of the year. it was a place where people walked you have with very little interest. the kids are in the auto club and the kids are in the debate team. couldn't take file ground. . every of whole came back today. thank you mr. pass ky, mrs. pass
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ky, mr. cuelalb. mr. dirk. or i should say mayor turry? [applause] niles west was also a place families were involved. many of the same parents who came out to hear me at graduation had watched me grow up on the little light field. here's what i look like then. [laughter] all this meant that it was a place where friendship are formed. several of my closest friends today were my closest friends at niles west and my best friend was my best friend at niles west. so why is any of this important? because when hard decisions have to be made or bad things happen, you don't have to handle them
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alone. your community, your friends, your family will help you through it. because they care about you. they don't care what position you've atained. . they care about you. and bad things do happen even to good people. if i ever doubted that the bombing of the oklahoma city federal building in 1995 made it painfully clear. but the weeks, i spent also made me see just how important community, friends and family are when bad things happen. oklahomaians lined up to offer care and comfort to 240es who are hurrying neighbors and strangers alike. they also join together to help the investigators, firefighters and the rescue workers would flock to the city to help. they candidate food line going
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for us 24/7. nearby tables were had donations. everything from tooth pafmentse >> one resident set up a lawnry service for us. another cut to cut our hair. the oklahoma standard. i know and the spirit runs sthrue the communities of lincolnwood, martin grove and niles. [applause] . so when you leif here keep in touch, with your friends and request you're parents they've been tell young to put away at the dinner stable to put down when you're talking to -- table to put down when you're talking to them. starting today, i want you to roos all the time. to call or text them. second there was a set of
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values. those values will turn into the lay con wood community. yeah, but those -- but those values were confirmed by this high school. foremost among them was the responsibility to give back. my day we had a great variety of ways to do that most prominent sponsored which o fell the hungry. i hear that last week you mutt on a predangs marathon to help the homeless. you were a lot smaller than we were. dancing a was a lot more fun than hiking was. and all of us, you and i were luck i to b to have in the place and the time that got us to this graduation ceremony. all of us to that went to "new
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york times" west. you are better prepared to face the internalities of our future than mu of our fellow americans. yet, not one of them did anything. so, hey, it's back. evokes some part of your life. the public service. it does not matter what kind of sub service you choose choose. . . but after my college roommate, the same best friend i mentioned finally let me know that i wasn't all that good at math. i shifted course and chose a career in law. specifically a career destrote -- devoted to taking care of the rule of law as a federal prosecutor that meant convincing residents of the neighborhood that we could keep them safe and bring violent laws to justice.
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as a judge it means showing litigants that the courts will decide their cases fairly and impartially. looking tonight the law and not to our personal preferences. but that is hardly the only kind of public service available. and if you don't believe me, just ask one of my favorite people, hermiane granger. the minister of majoric once did. are you planning to follow a career in magical law, ms. granger, he asked? retortedermaine. i'm hoping to do some good in the shedwofment that doesn't mean that you have to vanquish, -- not everyone has the very particular set of skills required to accomplish that task. but as professor dumbable dorff told harry potter, it is our hoices that show what we ruely
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are more than vulnerabilities. so make the choice to do some good in the world. on this memorial day weekend, it is particularly appropriate to log those like your assistant principal made the choice to defend the country in the armed services. [applause] some of you will be fortunate enough to be able to do good through the kind of work that you choose,, but your country and your state and even this community have all kinds of needs. and you can help meet many of those needs just by dedicating yourselves to working afterhours to assist our r others one-to-one. in fact, the most personally rewarding experiences of my career have not been the high profile cases i've investigated or the legal disputes i've
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resolved. they have been the 18 years i've spent tutoring students in reading and math at an elementary school in washington, d.c. but many of you are already way ahead of me in that regard. the niles west literacy center s 155 student tudors and advantages 20 -- 215 visit as day. now, that is impressive. [applause] but even more impressive is the fact that those students are tudoring their fellow students at this school where students speak a total of 90 different first languages. -- tudors.tudors you should engage if public service not just for the benefit it provides others, but for what it will do do for you. when you are anticipating that
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life will surely take when the bad things happen, it can be a fre solace to get outside yourself to focus on someone else. so instead of taking a selfie, turn the camera around, you know, the way we used to take pictures? you'll have a much more fulfilling life by turning your focus outward to helping others. well, that's enough serious talk about the future. what about the present? i'm hoping i'm not about to lose the parents in the audience with this final recommendation. if you can take a little break this summer. you've worked very hard. now is the time to take that car trip across the west, your friends to get in that canoe and paled out across the lake. just don't make this same mistake my friends and i did when we first took that trip. make sure you all knew how to
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canoe before you head out into the lake. before closing, i want to thank tea gonzales for speaking after me. as sotch of you have heard, the last time i shared a niles west stage with a student speaker that speaker's microphone was cut off. and we had to defend his right to speak. i was talking on tea to do the same for me. i guess both of us are relieved but that wasn't necessary. >> congratulations, class of 2016. [applause] this is for all you've done and for all that you will do. your parents are justifiably proud of you. and as someone who well remembers high school graduation, not just as a student but as a parent of two daughters. . i urge you to remay your parents by remembering to phone home.
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often. thank you. [applause] >> thank you, judge garland and on behalf of niles west high school and the class of 2016, i present you this gift. [applause] >> i want to thank you. and only my friends the class of 1970 probably will know what i mean. but this is as close as i'm ever going to get to looking like bobby huhl. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute,
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which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy.visit] >> we've watched our house colleagues with interest, at least i have with interest. and the tv coverage of members of our colleagues in the house. today, as the u.s. senate comes out of the communications dark ages, we create another historic moment in the relationship between congress and technological advancements in commune -- communications through radio and television. 50 years ago our executive branch began appearing on television. today marks the first time when our legislative branch in its entirety will appear on that medium of education through which most americans get their information about what our government and our country does. >> they're televising our chamber proceedings also represent as wise and warranted policy broadcast media coverage recognizes the basic right and need of the citizens of our
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nation to know the business of their government. >> thursday, c-span marks the 30th anniversary of our live gabble to gabble senate floor coverage. it features key moments from the past 30 years. >> and i would show to you the body of evidence from this question. do you trust william jefferson clinton? >> and we have witnessed something that has never before happened in all of senate history. the change of power during a session of congress. >> what the american people still don't understand in this be, is there that they will put the government in charge of everybody's heath care. >> i'm sure i've made a nirm of mistakes in my political career. but voted against televises swmbings than was one of them. and lled up richie and
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truman. atch 30 years of coverage of the u.s. senate. go to nta.e'll hear from sal giu later we'll bring you more college commencement speeches and california senator barbara boxer. >> richard williams who served on the fda will join us.


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