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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  July 6, 2016 2:00am-4:01am EDT

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why anyone should oppose this background check bill. not only is it bipartisan, it respects the second amendment rights of law-abiding citizens. i'm a gun guy. i own guns. i support the second amendment. if this bill did anything to violate those rights, my name wouldn't be on it. all this background check bill does is require that folks pass a background check before purchasing guns online, at a gun show or through an ad. plain and simple. it does nothing to infringe on the second amendment right of law-abiding citizens to own firearms. this debate on background checks isn't a choice between either protecting the second amendment or reducing gun violence. it's about the willingness of a responsible majority to do both. if there's one thing we should all be able to agree on, it's that suspected terrorists, criminals, domestic abusers and the dangerously mentally ill shouldn't have guns. mr. speaker, give us a vote. ring up h.r. 1076, bipartisan,
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effective, no fly, no buy legislation, and bring up h.r. 1217, bipartisan background check legislation. mass shootings followed by moments of silence and no action cannot become america's new normal. we need a vote and we need to vote now. thank you and i yield back my time. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentlewoman from illinois, ms. kelly, for five minutes. ms. kelly: mr. speaker, with over 30 americans killed by a gun every single day, for far too long i have been saying inaction is not an option. yet, in my three-plus years in congress, house republicans have refused to do anything on gun violence. this week's lackluster beltway big gun lobby written bill isn't only gun vote this congress has had. why is it that when our country was facing a horrific oip
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united epidemic -- opioid epidemic, we empowered our states with the resources necessary to combat this issue? and why is it that when a terrorist boreded a plane with -- boarded a plane with a bomb in his shoe, we asked passengers remove their shoes when they go through airport security? yet, daily violence in the streets of chicago, newark and baltimore, we do nothing? many of us today are still rightfully discussing the 49 deaths in orlando a few weeks ago, but i'd like to share two other statistics with you about gun violence since orlando. during our honorable colleague's senator chris murphy's 15-hour filibuster, 48 people in america were shot. 48 people in 15 hours. in chicago, the last month has seen 79 people lose their lives to gun violence. 79 lost souls.
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thabian, kevin, victor, joseph, kaiser, jamal, christian, daniel, thony, darnell, william, reko, ante, donkell, sammy, victor sanders, lewis johnson, lonoris webster, stefan, paul webster, terry bates jr., jeremy ray, trevell montgomery, timothy boyd, christopher fields, javell nunn, antoine brooks, duane trish let, davian barron,
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antoine randall, steven edwards, william sandafer, antoine perkins, jeremy rogers, denzel, angelo, demetrius, marshawn jackson, victor robinson, melvin cook, charles wiley, latrell mccannon, eric knock, eric smith, margaret shanahan, alexander roseas, michael brown, carlton hall, alvador suarez, otis richmond, ramell hicks, brandon knowles, reginald turner, trayvon ilson, shelton ellis, fredrick johnson, lonnie king, amar'e catchings, stanley boston, essica hampton, eric berjon, alfondia kelly,
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arrell guy jr., marshell hillson, robert barnes, kenette wit consider, willie pittman. we were led during our sit-in by an icon, congressman john lewis, and i was very, very, very proud to participate and would do it again. he's fond of referencing a dream he shared with his mentor, a mentor of many of us, dr. king, the dream of the beloved community, a place where people of all races, creeds, religions and gender identityification can live together in peace -- identification can live together in peace. certainly interests' no place for assault -- certainly there's no place for assault rifles in the community. there's no place for gun rights for criminals and the dangerously mentally ill in the beloved community. and the beloved community, no child has to live a life where going to the park risks them from being mowed down by a stray bullet.
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i will keep fighting and speaking out until we honor these victims' lives with action, not with moments of silence. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentlewoman from california, ms. bass, for five minutes. ms. bass: in the month of june, 22 people were murdered by guns in los angeles. the oldest person was 46 and the youngest was 3. on one day alone, june 11, eight people were killed. we all know the statistics. every 24 hours 30 people are killed in the united states by guns. the leading cause of paralysis is gun violence. people around the nation have demanded action from congress. when i returned to my district after the protest, i was met with cheers and standing ovations. people said, finally, timely they saw us act -- finally they saw us act. they finlely they saw us fight against the n.r.a., which has a strangle hold on congress.
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my constituents reflect over 90% of the u.s. public demanding we act and pass legislation to address the carnage from gun violence. i'm proud to say the state legislator in california have acted. now congress needs to act. the governor signed five bills recently passed by the legislature. it is now in california against the law to possess ammunition magazines that hold more than 10 rounds. background checks are now required to purchase ammunition. the governor signed bills that ban bullet buttons designed to make it easy to detach a magazine and reload, a creative idea from gun manufacturers to get around the assault weapon ban when it was in effect. other bills signed by the governor prohibit the lending of guns to family members who have not completed background checks and people who knowingly make false reports about the loss or theft of a gun cannot possess firearms for 10 years. the bills were signed too late to have saved the 22 people who
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died in los angeles, but i have no doubt that these laws will help reduce death and injury from gun violence. i'm proud california is setting an example for the nation and it is my hope after the tremendous public response and demand that we act that we pass sensible legislation to bring an end to the death and injuries. it's very difficult to explain to constituents how someone considered too dangerous to purchase an airline ticket is not too dangerous to buy a gun. the no fly, no buy legislation authored by republican representative peter king, is a modest piece of legislation is really a first step. all of us are clear, much more needs to be done. comprehensive background checks, closing the gun show loophole. my republican colleagues argue we is really don't need any new just need to enforce the ones we have and then hypocritecally claim the president is overstepping his authority when he increases resources to the a.t.f. so they can modernize
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their technology to address internet sales. the last time serious legislation was passed the internet didn't exist. the shooter that killed the nine churchgoers in south carolina might have been blocked from purchasing a weapon but his background check wasn't processed in time. three days or you get your gun. without the staffing and the technology, three days is almost impossible. and although he shouldn't have had a gun because of a prior arrest, he was able to purchase anyway. as a nation at some point we have to make a decision, the decision is ours. as a legislative body we have to decide who rules this place. is it a handful of industries that dictate what we do? i can name a few industries that caused my colleagues on the other side of the aisle to vote however the industry decides, not their constituents. if they voted with their constituents who in poll after poll say 85% of republicans support sensible gun control, they vote the way an industry dictates or they face the
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consequences of an independent expenditure campaign and an opponent. in memory of the following people who were killed in one day in los angeles, i mention their names. june 11, jose duran, 31 years old. june 11, addy hernandez, 22 years old. june 11, stephanie gonzalez, 17 years old. june 11, kimberly gonzalez, stephanie's sister, 13 years old. june 11, johnny mark alzaldi, 27 years old. june 11, juan zatari, 43 years old. une 11, jose rene espinoza, 46 years old. june 11, cynthia ambria, 17 years old. i yield back the balance of my time. . the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentleman from texas, mr. doggett, for five minutes. mr. doggett: thank you, mr.
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speaker. when this house last convened, a number of us were willing to sit in in order to stand up. stand up to the gun lobby, stand up against gun violence. during our protest, house republicans fled washington rather than face accountability on gun safety. leaving behind significant unfinished business. during the past week, many of us across the country have joined neighbors in a national day of action against gun violence. i joined over 100 people in san antonio, gathering with patreesha, with the peace initiative, jamie ford with moms demand action, and state senator hoe day menendez. on a hot afternoon in austin, texas, more than 100 of us also gathered with the mayor, with andrea from texans for gun
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sense. members of the austin city council, state representative donna howard, and other elected officials all asking this congress to respond to the horrific wave of gun carnage that threatens the security of our families. ch of these gatherings included powerful testimony from family tragedies and loss as a result of guns. after the mass murders in orlando and in san bernardino, carried out by individuals professing a twisted version of islam, the most obvious next step is to question why if someone is too dangerous to get on an oirp with you, they ought to be able to -- an airplane with you, they ought to be able to buy as many assault weapons as they would like. and ask why in orlando the law enforcement officials did not hear about assault weapon
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purchases of those who had been -- of one person who had been on the terrorist watch list. one of the three modest bills about which we're sitting in would institute a no fly, no buy restriction. and the day after our protest, to their credit, four of our republican colleagues here in the house for the first time introduced a version of a proposal to prohibit such gun purchases but also to provide a means by which someone could get off the list or no fly if they were on there i am properly. this proposal copies verbatim one proposal that has been offered by republican senator susan collins. hers is the only proposal pending in the united states senate today that has not already been rejected. i think it is time for us to come together to unite behind
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this proposal. it's a modest step forward, but it is a step forward to address gun violence. instead, we're told today that speaker ryan is apparently committed to blocking this bipartisan nish of it -- initiative and anything else that doesn't have the seal of approval from the national rifle association. apparently the only provision on which we will be allowed to vote here in this house is a proposal that the senate has already rejected. this isn't action, it's theatrics. it's the appearance of a response to the concern of so many americans for action on gun safety without changing anything. under this gun lobby proposal in order to prevent a gun purchase, the justice department would be required to obtain a court order within 72 hours to prove probable cause that a person "has committed,
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conspired to commit, attempted to commit, or will commit an act of terrorism." if our law enforcement can do that, they should not only be preventing a person from acquiring a gun, they ought to be taking them to prison. so much attention is focused on the sit-in on this floor. not enough has focused on the sit-on. i'm talking about the speaker who sits on any legislation concerning gun violence, including that advanced by fellow republicans, if it does not have the approval of the gun lobby. we just celebrated independence day. how about the republicans declaring independence from the gun lobby? just once in a very small, modest way on a proposal that republicans themselves have advanced a few of them to address more security for our families. the republican leadership has tried so very desperately to
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avoid accountability on gun safety. they cut off these microphones, they fled the house in the middle of the night, now they are cloaking themselves in an n.r.a.-approved bill already rejected by the united states senate which won't keep weapons of war out of the hands of terrorists. everyone who owns a gun knows that sometimes you need to keep the safety on that gun. i think it's time to put the safety back in gun safety legislation. it's in time to engage in meaningful real reform. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentleman from california, the majority leader, mr. mccarthy, for such time as he may consume. mr. mccarthy: mr. speaker, for nearly two weeks now a wildfire has raged throughout my district.
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high heat, dry wind, and a long drought conspired together enabling a fire that has burned tens of thousands of acres. hundreds of homes, and taken the lives of two people. now, i did not know byron and gladys personally, but i had heard about them and learned a small part of their story. they were good and loving people. they met in a church. he was an episcopal priest and she played the organ. byron would preach, gladys would play. they helped their friends and each other grow closer to god. they died, it seems, from smoke. a neighbor said he spotted them after the fire lying out in front of their house near their fence. the trees were still burning. byron looked as if he was
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shielding his wife from the commoming flame. -- from the coming flame. it was one last act of sacrifice for the woman he spent his life loving. such people are a gift to everyone they meet. as our community struggles now to return to a sense of normalcy, faced with the immense task of rebuilding after so much loss, we have our firefighters, police officers, and first responders to thank that this disaster was not worse. for days with little sleep and near exhaustion, it kept the flames at bay. -- remind us how willing how willing some face danger to protect us. we're forever thankful for them. we continue to pray for those suffering from the loss of their businesses, their homes, and their family. and their friends.
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our community always has and always will stand strong in the face of disaster as we rebuild. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentlewoman from the district of columbia, ms. norton, for five minutes. ms. norton: thank you, mr. speaker. anyone who thought the democrats would go away after we were driven to a sit-in on the house floor for gun safety legislation learned differently very soon after we got home on wednesday, june 29, when events were held all across the country on a national day of action for gun violence. we served notice, yes, there have been moments of outrage and sometimes we have not kept up the battle unseesingly. watch us this time. i am -- unceasingly. watch us this time. i'm very pleased that our very effective police chief, kathy
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lanier, came with me to a round table where we heard not on from her but from residents of the district of columbia who have experienced the incredible heartache and throbbing agony of loss of loved ones to gun violence. then this morning, unstimulated me, parents organized themselves to come to the capitol at 9:00 a.m. they call themselves d.c. moms and dads for rational gun safety legislation. they were -- they are a group of spontaneously formed district of columbia parents who lack voting representation in the congress, although they pay the highest taxes per capita of any american. they do not have the final vote on the house floor, and they
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have no senators. they wanted to come and show their support for national gun legislation to prevent gun violence in our city and our country, and they came when the week before i had just fought off three amendments in the use rules committee to undermine d.c.'s gun laws with an attempt to erase some of those laws. it's interesting that i was able to in rules committee keep those republican amendments to take away our gun laws from being made in order, and i think it's because the rules committee took place only days after orlando. and even republicans didn't have the nerve to authorize gun legislation so close to orlando. is that what it's going to take? or will it take the persistence
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that you saw when democrats had no alternative but to sit on this hard floor just before recess. now the republicans have gotten the permission of the n.r.a. to include a gun bill in a pending bill. no wonder it makes it worse. now you have to go before a judge before you can get someone off of a no-fly list instead of demend peppeding on the so mrdive process, goes through the much slower judicial process. thank you for nothing. it certainly won't satisfy us for the american people. for us who live in your nation's capital, we need national gun legislation to keep guns from flowing in from weak gun jurisdictions. and we need you to leave our guns alone, our gun safety laws
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alone. without fail every single year i have to drive back attempts to overturn our gun laws i just described. three that were in the rules committee before we left that i was able to drive back because of orlando. yes, i'm proud that the nation's capital has the strongest gun laws in the country. well, it might, controversial world figures roam our streets, and our restaurants. weaken laws you do not need in this capital. we have effective enforcement. we have good relations between chief lanier and her police force and our residents. but we are still at the mercy of a congress which will not do its job. during our sit-in i went -- i left the floor to go to a press conference held by the mayor and the police chief displaying
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ak-47 and other guns illegal in the district of columbia that you can simply go to a gun show and buy, undermining our gun laws. our gun problem in a city like ours and many cities and jurisdictions across the country are not local problems. they are national problems. that is why you see us demanding universal background checks. that is why we're demanding that you stop sensoring the the . for -- censoring the c.d.c. i thank the moms and bads for overriding the vote to come here. you spent a dual message. passes gun safety legislation and give d.c. the vote. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentlewoman from maryland, ms. edwards, for five minutes. thank you, mr. speaker. years before coming to congress
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as many of my colleagues know i co-founded and served as executive director of the national network to end domestic violence. and 20 years ago we worked with a bipartisan congress to pass the domestic violence it became law in 1996. it was known as the lautenberg amendment after the late senator frank lautenberg of new jersey. and since that time we have made a lot of progress in preventing domestic violence, but sadly there are several mack truck-sized loopholes that prevent the law from coming to its full effect. in fact, just last week in a fight against the gun lobby yet again over these last 20 years, the supreme court upheld the domestic violence offender gun ban in a 6-2 decision. . as many know, leaving an abusive relationship is the most dangerous time for a domestic violence victim, and adding a firearm to that
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situation severely heightening the risk of injury or death. in fact, in america the majority of fatal domestic violence homicides are committed with firearms. at least 52% of american women murdered with guns are killed by intimate partners or family members. and despite impressions from mass media coverage, mass shootings in which at least four people are murdered with a gun are also typically acts of domestic or family violence. every town u.s.a. analysis of every mass shooting between 2009 and 2015 found that 57% were committed by intimate partners or families of victims. research shows that commonsense gun laws have a marked effect on improving women's safety from gun violence. in states that require background checks for all handgun sales, 46% fewer women are murdered with a gun by an intimate partner and state laws
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ensuring that convicted abusers or those subject to domestic violence restraining orders are separated from their firearms are also associated with reductions in gun violence against women. but because of loopholes in these laws and failures to enforce them, they do little to curb the uniquely lethal american problem of guns and violence against women. four gaps in the law are particularly harmful. first, federal law does nothing to keep guns out of the hands of abusive dating partners or convicted stalkers. the federal law prohibits domestic abusers from buying or owning guns but don't apply to dangerous people convicted of misdemeanor, stalking offenses or dating partners, even though more women in the u.s. are killed by their dating partners than their spouses. second, in 35 states, state law does not prohibit all people convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence crimes and all people subject to restraining orders from buying or using guns. and third and importantly,
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federal law allows domestic abusers and stalkers to easily evade gun prohibitions by purchasing guns from unlicensed private sellers. that's the mack truck loophole. federal law only requires background checks for gun sales at licensed dealers. 16 states require checks on all handgun sales, but in the remaining states prohibited abusers seeking to avoid a background check have very little trouble purchasing a gun from an unlicensed dealer they meet online, at a gun show or in a parking lot. prohibited domestic abusers know about this loophole, and they've taken advantage of it to deadly effect. a first of its kind investigation of illegal gun sales, mayors against illegal guns found that one in four prohibited purchasers seeking domestic violence -- seeking guns online had a domestic violence arrest. and finally, 41 states do not
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require prohibited abusers to relinquish the guns they already own. so i joined in legislation to prohibit these guns from falling into the hands of domestic abusers, and we know that there are proven ways to help people who are not eligible to purchase guns, such as felons and domestic abusers, is to expand and strengthen universal background checks on all firearm sales no matter where that sale takes place. and very tragically, our laxed gun laws make it abusers to acquire a firearm than it is in fact to purchase a box of sudafed. so you ask, mr. speaker, why do we protest? why did we take the dramatic action of taking to the floor of this house? it's because we've had enough, and we know that working together we can and must change the fact that women across this country lose their lives to gun violence by their domestic abusers.
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nine american women are shot and killed by their husbands and intimate partners every single week. we can do something about it. let's close the gun show loophole. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentlewoman from connecticut, ms. esty, for five minutes. ms. esty: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, this house's silence on preventing gun violence and keeping guns out of the hands of dangerous individuals is a betrayal of the american people. americans are 25 times more likely to be murdered with a gun than in any of our peer countries. and since the horrific shootings at sandy hook elementary school in my district, in the last 3 1/2 years 100,000 americans have lost their lives to gun violence. think about that.
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.00,000 americans that's the size of a good-sized american city. every single one of them dead because of a gun, and this house, this house has done nothing. we are elected to respond to the needs of the american people. we are elected to keep americans safe, and right now felons, domestic violence abusers, even suspected terrorists can buy a gun of their choice without a background check. no questions asked. and the bad guys are well aware of this big gaping loophole in our laws. here's what an al qaeda spokesman said in a propaganda video in 2011. quote, america is absolutely awash in easily attainable firearms.
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you can go down to a gun show at the local convention center and come away with a fully automatic assault weapon without a background check and most likely without having to show an identification card. so what are you waiting for? the real question is, what are we, what are we in this chamber waiting for? we have the no fly, no buy bill, a bipartisan bill to close the terror loophole, and we have a bipartisan bill to strengthen background checks so that they apply to all commercial sales of guns. now, i know many americans assume that the laws we have on the books are strong enough. it's just a question of enforcement. but sadly that is not true. that is not true. somewhere between 30% and 40% of all gun sales right now do not go through background checks at all. not at all. so the bad guys just have to go
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to an unlicensed dealer or go online. and let's be very clear. 20 years ago when congress passed the background check bill, when they passed that bill, people didn't buy guns online. people didn't buy much of anything online. so congress didn't even have it in its head to close the loophole it wasn't aware of. but it is now this congress', it is now our job to respond to the needs of the 100,000 americans who have died in the last 3 1/2 years and to take action to save lives. now, no single law, no single law can end gun violence, but we do know that laws work. they work and improved background checks save lives. for example, in connecticut our permanent to purchase law has reduced gun homicides by 40%. that translates into 296 lives saved over a 10-year time
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period. and in states that have closed background check loopholes, 46% fewer women are killed by omestic partners and 48% fewer on-duty police officers are shot to death. half of those lives saved, and each one of those lives saved is precious. each one has a family. each one has loved ones. sometimes we forget that when we're talking about thousands of this and hundreds of that and millions of dollars and trillions of dollars. each and every life is important and precious and we are sworn to help the american people. here's the bottom line. better laws work, and background checks work to save lives. the bill that the majority is bringing up this week doesn't really help. in fact, it addresses the terror gap in ways that will
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hamper the f.b.i.'s efforts to keep us safer. but let me be very, very clear. without background checks on every single gun sale, no matter what we do on closing the terror gap, it won't matter because the bad guys will continue avoiding the law, whether it's domestic violence abusers, felons, the dangerously mentally ill or suspected terrorists. mr. speaker, there are steps we can take to make our communities safer. there are steps we can take to save lives, and i call on this house to call up this week the bipartisan bill to expand background checks. with that i thank you and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentleman from california, mr. takano, for five minutes. yesterday -- mr. speaker, yesterday we reflected on how fortunate we are to live
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in a country that gives each of us a voice in our government. today, this congress will once again ignore the voices of millions of americans by refusing to address the epidemic of gun violence in our communities. yesterday, we honored the courage that millions of americans have demonstrated throughout our history by standing up in defense of their fellow citizens. but today, this congress will not muster the courage to hold a vote on two proposals that are supported by roughly 90% of this country and that can save american lives. mr. speaker, the american people deserve to be heard. they deserve a vote. if the u.s. homeland security community places a person on the f.b.i. terrorist watch list or determines a person is too dangerous to board an airplane,
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then surely we can agree that person is too dangerous to buy a firearm. this week the majority will introduce a bill that pretends to close this gap in our homeland security laws. but in reality, it would create a system in which it is both legal and likely for suspected terrorists to buy a firearm. the republican measure takes no fly, no buy and turns it into no fly, no problem. under their proposal, if a known or suspected terrorist attempts to buy a weapon, they will denied that ability for a mere three days. from the moment they attempt to purchase that firearm, the following things must happen all within 72 hours to prevent that purchase. the attorney general must file a petition in federal court. the court must schedule a
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hearing. the suspect must be provided actual notice and the opportunity to appear at that hearing with a lawyer. the court must rule on the petition. and if all those things do not occur in three days, the suspect is legally entitled to buy a weapon. not only does the republican bill set an impossible timeline, it also requires the justice department meet an extremely high burden of proof. a sale would only be prevented if the court finds probable cause that the suspect has committed or will commit an act of terrorism. the republican proposal is specifically designed to ensure the justice department fails and the suspect is allowed to buy a gun. it is a fig leaf to cover up republicans' refusal to take any meaningful action on gun violence. it is no surprise that this bill is supported by the gun
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lobby. instead of spending our time on toothless, ineffective proposals, we should vote on the original no fly, no buy bill that will keep guns out of the hands of suspected terrorists. we are also demanding a vote on a bipartisan proposal to require that every commercial gun purchase include a background check. background checks for all. i have yet to hear one good explanation on why this should not be law -- the law of the land. if a dangerous person cannot pass a background check at a licensed gun dealer, they should not be able to avoid a background check by going to a gun show or purchasing a firearm over the internet. in states that have closed loopholes in their background check laws, 48% fewer on-duty police officers are shot to death. but if my colleagues across the aisle still refuse -- my
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colleagues still refuse to hold a vote. mr. speaker, 33,000 people were killed by gun violence in america last year. the american people deserve more than moments of silence. they deserve action to keep dangerous weapons out of the hands of dangerous people. they deserve to have their voices heard. they deserve to send their kids to school without fearing an assault-style weapon will be waiting for them. but at the very least, they deserve to know where each member of congress stands. i'm asking my republican colleagues to find the courage to hold a vote on real gun violence prevention legislation that will save american lives. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentleman from south carolina, mr. clyburn, for five minutes. mr. clyburn: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i am pleased that
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the house will finally consider legislation to make reforms to our background check system for firearm purchases. mr. speaker, the word reform an either be a noun or a verb. as a noun reform means a change for the better. improving the situation without revolutionary change. a moral improvement. but i must refer mr. speaker, this instance reform we're bout to vote upon is a verb, which simply means to form again, or to become formed again. americans are demanding a background check system that is a change for the better. and is not riddled with loopholes.
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they demand a system that protects the rights of law-abiding americans while preventing dangerous individuals from obtaining weapons. they demand a system where to purchase a gun you must pass a ackground check. unfortunately, the bill before s crafted by the n.r.a. will not deliver this to the american people. one of the fundamental loopholes in the brady bill which requires background checks for most purchases is that if the sale is not approved after three days, a firearm dealer can make the sale anyway. even though the background check is still pending. technically this loophole has been given a new name, and nine new faces following the attack
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at emanuel a.m.e. church in charleston on june 17, 2015. prior to that fateful day, the charleston shooter was arrested in columbia, south carolina, on march 1, 2015, and charged with a felony drug offense. f.b.i. director james comey has just confirmed that as part of his arrest the shooter admitted to the city of columbia police that it was -- he was in possession of drugs. nder the brady act an unlawful drug user or addict is prohibited from purchasing a firearm and this information should have barred the shooter from the purchase. now, on saturday, april 11, 2015, the shooter attempted to purchase a firearm in west
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columbia, south carolina. and the background check process was initiated. now, mr. speaker, 91% of f.b.i. checks, background checks, are processed within minutes, and gun dealers are informed the buy is either approved or denied. however, the other 9% require additional scrutiny by f.b.i. examiners and are not processed immediately. the charleston shooter's background check was marked delayed/pending. though the shooter was arrested on march 1 by the city of columbia police, he, for some reason, was taken to the lexington county jail and his arrest record listed the arresting agency as the lexington county sheriff's
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office. columbia, south carolina, is in richland county. this clerical error was noticed by a corrections officer shortly after and corrected, but was only corrected internally. that correction was not given to the f.b.i. on monday, april 13, when the f.b.i. investigated to get more information, she initially contacted the lexington county sheriff's office for more information who informed her that the case was in the city of columbia. not seeing a listing for columbia on the list, she contacted west columbia who had no knowledge of the arrest. on thursday, april 16, the background check was still listed as delayed pending, but
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three business days had passed. and consequently, mr. speaker, he was allowed to purchase a gun and nine souls lost their lives because of this loophole mu >> coming up on c-span, and the i director james comey on hillary clinton's use of her private e-mail server. that is followed by president obama and hillary clinton in north carolina and then donald trump campaigning in north carolina. >> wednesday, house democrats capital totside the call for comprehensive gun violence legislation. we will bring you that starting at 10:00 a.m. on c-span3. defense programs and
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policy. may -- that is live at 3:00 p.m. eastern also on c-span3. m two weeks, c-span will have live coverage of every minute of the 2016 republican convention olive by the democratic convention. night, wesaturday will take a look at past conventions and the candidates who went on to win their parties nomination. 1996 --isenhower at the 1956 democratic convention -- republican convention in san francisco. richard nixon at the republican convention in miami beach. jimmy carter in new york city. 1984 in dallas with ronald reagan. bush at the 1992
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republican convention in houston. bill clinton in chicago. convention inican new york city with george w. bush. past conventions, saturday night at 8:00 p.m. eastern on c-span. on american history tv on c-span3, saturday afternoon at 1:50 eastern. you have to be wary of because not only are memoirs by their genre bound to be self-serving to a degree, but they also, most of these people, did not want to disclose too much and in some cases it may actually dissemble and try to mislead people. announcer: historians talk about techniques used to gather intelligence dating back to the cold war and how that has
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changed since the 9/11 terrorist attacks. memphis.post-civil war >> many thought, it is happening. uprising.le black they panicked. mobs of white men armed with pistols in clubs formed spontaneously downtown and scene of thee shoot out to a end beating, person they could find. >> the riot that resulted in the massacre of dozens of african-americans and the assault on freedom women. and just before 9:00, author and journalist walter isaacson offers a talk about ben franklin as an example of what he calls ." erica's national his view was that startups would be the back own of the new economy and one of the things
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his group did, his leather eight in club, was they made a set of rules and maxims about how to be a good startup entrepreneur and innovator. i'm announcer: sunday morning at 10, a road to the white house rewind. >> and in the music of our children we're told, to everything there is a season and a time to every purpose under heaven. and for america, the time has come at last. >> you know that every politician promise has a price. the taxpayer pays the bill. the american people are not going to be taken in by any scheme where government gives money with one hand and takes it away with the other. announcer: the 1972 republican and democratic conventions with richard nixon accepting the gop nomination for a second term and south dakota governor george mcgovern accepting the
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democratic nomination. for a complete schedule, go to c-span.org. comey erector james announced he would not recommend charges against hillary clinton for her use of a private e-mail save server, though he did chastise mrs. clinton for being careless. this briefing is 15 minutes. director comey: good morning. i'm here to give you an update on the f.b.i.'s investigation of secretary clinton's use of a personal email system during her time as secretary of state. after a tremendous amount of work over the last year, the
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f.b.i. is completing its investigation and referring the matter to the department of justice for a prosecutor decision. what i want to do today is three things. i want to tell you what we did. i want to tell you what we found. and i want to tell you what we're recommending to the department of justice. this is going to be an unusual statement in at least a couple ways. first, i'm going to include more detail about our process than i ordinarily would because i think the american people deserve those details in a case of intense public interest. and second, i have not coordinated this statement or reviewed it in any way with the department of justice or any other part of the government. they do not know what i'm about to say. but i want to start by thanking the f.b.i. employees who did remarkable work in this case. once you have a better sense of how much we have done, you will understand why i am so grateful and so proud of their work. so first what we have done.
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this investigation began as a referral from the intelligence community inspector general in connection with secretary clinton's use of a personal email server during her time as secretary of state. the referral focused on whether classified information was transmitted on that personal system. our investigation looked at whether there is evidence that classified information was improperly stored or transmitted on that personal system in violation of a federal statute that makes it a felony to mishandle classified information either intentionally or in a grossly negligent way. or a second statute making it a misdemeanor to knowingly remove classified information from appropriate systems or storage facilities. and, consistent with our counterintelligence responsibilities we have also investigated to determine if there is evidence of computer intrusion by nation states or hostile actors of any kind.
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now, i have so far used the singular term email server in describing the referral that began our investigation. it turns out to have been more complicated than that. secretary clinton used several different servers and administrators of those servers during her four years at the state department. and, she also used numerous mobile devices to send and to read email on that personal domain. as new servers and equipment were employed, older servers were taken out of service, stored, and decommissioned in various ways. piecing all of that back together to gain as full and understanding as possible of the ways in which personal email was used for government work has been a painstaking undertaking, requiring thousands of hours of effort. for example, when one of secretary clinton's servers was decommissioned in 2013, the email software was removed. that didn't remove the email content, but it was like
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removing the frame from a huge unfinished jigsaw puzzle and dumping all the pieces on the floor. the effect was millions of emails fragments ended up in the server's unused or slack space. we searched through all of it to understand what was there and what parts of the puzzle we could put back together again. the f.b.i. investigators also read all of the approximately 30,000 emails that secretary clinton provided to the state department in 2014. where an email was assessed as possibly containing classified information, the f.b.i. referred that email to any government agency that might be an owner of that information so that agency could make a determination as to whether the email contained classified information at the time it was sent or received or whether there was reason to classify it now even if the content had not been classified when it was first sent and received. that's the process sometimes referred to as up classifying.
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from the group of 30,000 emails returned to the state department in 2014, 110 emails in 52 email chains have been determined by the owning agency to contain classified information at the time they were sent or received. eight of those chains contained information that was top secret at the time they were sent. 36 of those chains contained secret information at the time, and eight contained confidential information at the time. that's the lowest level of classification. separate from those about 2,000 additional emails were upclassified to make them confidential. those emails had not been classified at the time that they were sent or received. the f.b.i. also discovered several thousand work replace emails not among the group of 30,000 emails returned by secretary clinton to state in
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2014. we found those emails in a variety of ways. some had been depleted over the years and we found traces of them on servers or devices that have been connected to the private email domain. others we found by reviewing the archive government accounts of people who had been government employees at the time as secretary clinton. including high ranking officials at other agencies, folks with whom a secretary of state might normally correspond. this helped us recover work related emails not among the 30,000 produced to state. still others we recovered from that painstaking review of the millions of email fragments dumped into the slack space of the server that was decommissioned in 2013. with respect to the thousands of emails we found that were not among those produced to the state department, agencies have concluded that three of those were classified at the time they were sent or received, one at the secret level and two at the
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confidential level there. where no additional top secret emails found. finally, none of those we found have since been upclassified. i should add here that we found no evidence that any of the additional work related emails were intentionally deleted in an effort to conceal them in some way. our assessment is that like many e-mail users, secretary clinton periodically deleted emails or emails were purged from her system when devices were changed. because she was not using a government account or even a commercial account like gmail, there was no archiving at all of her emails. so it's not surprising that we discovered emails that were not on secretary clinton's system in 2014 when she produced those 30,000-some emails to state. it could also be that some of the additional work related emails that we recovered from among those deleted as personal by her lawyers when they reviewed and sorted her emails for production in late 2014.
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the lawyers doing the sorting for secretary clinton in 2014 did not individually read the content of all of her emails as we did for those available to us. instead, they relied on header information and they used search terms to try to find all work related emails among the reportedly more than 60,000 that were remaining on her system at the end of 2014. it's highly likely their search missed some work related emails and we later found them. for example, in the mailboxes of other officials, or in the slack space of a server. it's also likely that there are other work related emails that they did not produce to state and that we did not find elsewhere and that are now gone because they deleted all emails they did not produce to state and the lawyers then clean their devices in such a way as to preclude complete forensic recovery. we have conducted interviews and done technical examination to attempt to understand exactly
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how that sorting was done by her attorneys. although we don't have complete visibility because we're not able to fully reconstruct the electronic record of that we believe our investigation has been sufficient to give us reasonable confidence there was no intentional misconduct in connection with that sorting effort. of course, in addition to our technical work, we interviewed many people, from those involved in setting up the personal email system and maintaining the various iterations of secretary clinton's server, to staff members with whom she corded on e-mail, to those involved in the e-mail production to state and finally, secretary clinton herself. last, we have done extensive work to try to understand what indications there might be of compromise by hostile actors in connection with that personal email system. so, that is what we have done. now, let me tell you what we have found. although we did not find clear evidence that secretary clinton
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or her colleagues intended to violate laws governing the hailing of classified information, there is evidence that they were extremely careless in their handling of very sensitive highly classified information. for example, seven email chains concern matters that were classified at the top secret special access program at the time they were sent and received. those chains involved secretary clinton both sending emails about those matters and receiving e-mails about those same matters. there is evidence to support a conclusion that any reasonable person in secretary clinton's position, or in the position of those with whom she was corresponding about those matters, should have known that an unclassified system was no place for that conversation. in addition to this highly sensitive information, we also found information that was properly classified and secret by the u.s. intelligence community at the time it was discussed on e-mail. that is excluding any later unclassified e-mails. none of these emails should have
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been on any kind of unclassified system. but their presence is especially concerning because all of these were housed on unclassified personal servers not even supported by full-time security staff like those found at agencies and departments of the united states government, or even with a commercial e-mail service like gmail. i think it's also important to say something about the marking of classification. only a very small number of the e-mails here containing classified information or markings that indicated the presence of classified information. but even if the information is not marked "classified" in an e-mail, participants who know, or should know, that the subject matter is classified, are still obligated to protect it. while not the focus of our investigation, we also developed evidence that the security culture of the state department in general and with respect to the use of unclassified systems in particular, was generally
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lacking in the kind of care for classified information that's found elsewhere in the u.s. government. with respect to potential computer intrusion by hostile actors, we did not find direct evidence that secretary clinton's personal e-mail domain in its various configurations since 2009 was hacked successfully. that given the nature of the system and the actors potentially involved, we assess we would be unlikely to see such direct evidence. we do assess that hostile actors gained access to the private commercial e-mail accounts of people with him secretary clinton was in regular contact from her personal account. we also assess that secretary clinton's use of a personal e-mail domain was both known by a large number of people and readily apparent. she also used her personal e-mail extensively while outside united states,
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including sending and receiving work related e-mails in the territory of sophisticated adversaries. given that combination of factors, we assess it is possible that hostile actors gained access to secretary clinton's personal e-mail account. so, that is what we found. finally, with respect to our recommendation to the department of justice. in our system, the prosecutors make the decisions about whether charges are appropriate based on evidence that the fbi helps collect. although we do not normally make public our recommendations to the prosecutors, we frequently make recommendations and engage in productive conversations with prosecutors about what resolution might be appropriate, given the evidence. in this case, given the importance of the matter, i think unusual transparency is in order. although there is evidence of potential violations of the statutes regarding the handling of classified information, our judgment is that no reasonable prosecutor would bring such a case. prosecutors necessarily weigh a number of factors before deciding whether to bring charges.
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there are obvious considerations , like the strength of the evidence, especially regarding intent. responsible decisions also consider the context of a person's actions and how similar situations have been handled in the past. in looking back at our investigations into the mishandling or remove of classified information, we cannot find a case that would support bringing criminal charges on these facts. all the cases prosecuted involved some combination of clearly intentional and willful mishandling of classified information, or vast quantities of information exposed in such a way to support an inference of intentional misconduct, or indications of disloyalty to the united states, or efforts to obstruct justice. we do not see those things here. to be clear, this is not to suggest that in similar circumstances, a person who engaged in activity would face
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no consequences. to the contrary, those individuals are often subject to security or administrative sanctions, but that is not what we are deciding now. as a result, although the department of justices makes final decisions on this, we are expressing our view that no charges are appropriate in this case. i know there will be intense public debate in the wake of this recommendation, as there was throughout the investigation. what i can assure the american people is that this investigation was done honestly, competently, and i independently. no outside influence of any kind was brought to bear. i know there are many opinions expressed by people who are not part of the investigation, including people in government, but none of that mattered to us. opinions are irrelevant. and they were all uninformed by insight into our investigation because we did our investigation the right way. only facts matter. and the fbi found them here in
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an entirely apolitical and professional way. i could not be prouder to be part of this organization. thank you very much. >> some four hours after the announcement, president obama campaigned with hillary clinton. this is the first appearance of the president campaigning with mrs. clinton. this is just over an hour. ♪
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[applause] [cheers and applause]
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clinton: thank you. thank you so much. hello, charlotte. [cheers] hillary clinton: it is so great to be back in north carolina with so many friends. [applause] hillary clinton: with congresswoman alma adams and congressman david pryce and congressman g.k. butterfield and your next u.s. senator, deborah ross. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: and your next governor, roy cooper. [cheers and applause] and of course,: with our president, barack obama. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: i, i feel there very privileged because i've known the president in many roles; as a colleague in the senate, as an opponent in a
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hard-fought primary -- [laughter] hillary clinton: and the president i was so proud to serve as secretary of state. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: but i've also known him as the friend that i was honored to stand with in the good times and the hard times. someone who has never forgotten where he came from. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: and donald, if you're out there tweeting, it's hawaii. [cheers and applause] [laughter] hillary clinton: so, over the
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years we have had some memorable experiences together. like storming a secret meeting of foreign leaders at a global climate summit. that was fun. [laughter] hillary clinton: you should have seen the chinese guards try to stop us. they put their arms out and the president just went right through. and they put their arms out, and i went right under. and the president with that amazing smile of his says, "hey, we have been looking for you." now, through it all as we went from political rivals to partners, to friends, my esteem for him just kept growing and so did my admiration for his brilliant wife, michelle. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: and those two
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amazing daughters that they have raised. my husband and i know a little bit about how hard it is to raise a child in the public eye in the fishbowl of the white house, but the obama's have done a fabulous job. [cheers and applause] who justlinton: melia, graduated from high school and celebrated her 18th birthday yesterday and sasha, who has the energy and enthusiasm of a wonderful young woman. i happen to think those two most women may be the impressive accomplishments of all from our president. hillary clinton: and it is one reasons why
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it means so much to me personally, to have the president's support in this campaign. after all, he knows a thing or two about winning elections, take it from me. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: and he also knows that despite all the progress we have made under his leadership -- and yes, we have. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: we still have a lot of work to do. president obama's job, one he did not ask for, but was handed to him, was to save us from a second great depression and that is exactly what he did. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: actually, i don't think he gets the credit he deserves for saving our economy. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: we have added 14 million private sector jobs. the auto industry just had its
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best year ever. 20 million people now have health care. clean energy production has soared. i could go on and on, but you get the idea. that is what leadership looks like. so, our next president has a different job to do, building on the progress that president obama has made. we have to continue to take on deep structural challenges that existed long before the great recession. we see it here in north carolina and across the country. inequality is too high, wages are too low, and it is just oo too hard to get ahead. we need an economy that works for everyone, not just those at the top. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: so, we are setting five big ambitious
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goals. first, under president obama and vice president biden, we have had 75 straight months of job growth. [cheers and applause] i want us toon: see 75 more. so, in my first 100 days as president, we will make the biggest investment in new, good paying jobs since world war ii. [cheers and applause] and one i sayn: good paying jobs, i mean exactly that. donald trump things wages are too high. [crowd boos] hillary clinton: he actually stood on the debate stage and said that. and he wants to get rid of the federal minimum wage altogether. [crowd boos] hillary clinton: well, i think anyone who is willing to work hard should be able to find a job that pays enough to be able
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to raise a family. so, we are going to increase the federal minimum wage and give the middle class a raise. [cheers and applause] that is goodon: for our families, good for our economy and boy, is it good for our country. now second, we are going to make college debt-free for all. [applause] hillary clinton: and we are going to build on the president's idea to make community college free. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: and we are going to help millions of people struggling with existing student of dollars.ousands [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: third, we are going to rewrite the rules and crack down on companies that ship jobs overseas and profit to go with them. let's reward the companies that share profits with their
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employees instead. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: and we are going to defend and strengthen the tough reforms president obama put in place on the financial industry, not tear them up, like donald trump says he will do. we need to make sure that wall street can never wreck main street again. [cheers and applause] fourth, we are: going to make sure that wall street corporations and the superrich pay their fair share of taxes. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: it is just plain wrong that a millionaire can pay a lower tax rate than their secretary and we are going to stop it. we are goingay, to keep asking to see donald trump's tax returns. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: and finally, we
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are going to step up and the wayd to b to american families actually live and work in the 21st century. our families and work places i have changed. so, isn't it time of our policies change, too? donald trump can accuse me of playing the "woman" card all he wants, but if fighting for equal pay and affordable childcare and affordable leave is playing the deal meard," then, in! [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: and you know, most of all -- [crowd chanting "hillary"] hillary clinton: you know, most of all though, we are going to build on the vision for america
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to president obama has always championed, a vision for a future where we do great things together, not as red states and blue states, but as the united states. [cheers and applause] when i look at: president obama, i he see a leader with heart, depth, in humility. someone who, inspite of the destruction he has faced, still reaches for common ground and common purpose. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: now, some of you might remember that he and i competed against each other as hard as we could back in 2008, but when it was over, i was proud to endorse him and campaign for him.
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[cheers and applause] hillary clinton: and i will never forget when he called me the sunday after the election, asking me to come to chicago. it turned out, he wanted me to be secretary of state. idol think anybody saw that coming, especially me. saw don't think anybody that coming, especially me. and as i traveled all over the country, a lot of people would ask me how president obama and i could work together so well after being such fierce competitors. in some places, you know, the person who loses an election gets executed or exiled, not ask be secretary of state. [laughter] hillary clinton: by president obama asked me to serve and i accept it. -- and i accepted. you know why? we both love our country. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: that is how democracy is supposed to work.
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we just celebrated 240 years of our independence. in america, we put common interests before self interests. we stand together because we know we are stronger together. that is the kind of president barack obama has been. he has made difficult, even unpopular decisions for the good of our country. i have sat with him in the situation room and i've seen him make the hardest choices a president faces. he does it with steady, principal leadership. he is a statesman, leading not just our country, but the entire world. it was his vision -- [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: it was his vision and diplomacy that secured a historic global agreement on climate change. put a lid on the iran's nuclear program. opened up cuba. and rallied the world to curb
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the threat of nuclear weapons! [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: i saw him go toe to toe with the toughest of foreign leaders and to give the order to go after osama bin laden. [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: this, my friends, is a president who knows how to keep us safe and strong. compare that to donald trump. [crowd booing] hillary clinton: can you imagine him, sitting in the oval office? boos] hillary clinton: the world hangs on every word our president says and donald trump is simply unqualified and temperamentally unfit to be our president and commander-in-chief. [cheers and applause] so, here inton:
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north carolina, this election is our chance to say, our country is better than this. tear each, we do not other down. we lift each other up. we build bridges, not walls. we don't call the country we love a disaster or a laughingstock. we know america already is the greatest country on earth! [cheers] thinky clinton: just about those early patriots who met in philadelphia that hot summer of 1776. they knew we would all rise or fall together. who looks like
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barack obama or me would have been included back then, but we are here today because the story of america is the story of hard-fought, hard-won progress. [cheers and applause] ms. clinton: history has moved in that direction slowly at times but unmistakably. as the president has reminded us, the ark of the whole universe is long. but it bends towards justice. so, if you believe, along with me and the president, that our best days as a ntioation are stl
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ahead of us, please, join his campaign. take out your phone right now. take out your phone and text toin" to 47266, or go hillaryclinton.com. and we are hiring right now in north carolina. we are going to fight for every vote in this state and with your help, we are going to win it! [cheers and applause] hillary clinton: so, i do not know about you, but we are fired up and ready to go, ready to w in this election. please join me in welcoming the president of the united states, barack obama! [cheers and applause]
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president obama: hillary! hillary! hillary! [crowd chants "hillary"] are you fireda: up? are you ready to go? fired up? i am fired up. hillary got me fired up. she got me ready to do some work. so, i hope everybody had a great fourth of july. >> we love you! president obama: i love you back. [cheers and applause] first of all, let me just say i like any excuse to come to north carolina.
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i just like north carolina. i love the people in north carolina. when we used to campaign here, i used ot say, even the people who are not voting for me are nice. you know, that is not true everywhere. you have great people here. and then you have that great food. north carolina has got some great food. in fact, i will find someplace to stop in and get some food before i head back to d.c. i know you all have recommendations. and no, i cannot go to your house to get the food. although i am sure you are an excellent cook. in fact, you have basketball. you've got great basketball. we'll know that. we'll know that.
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but i am not going to get in between all of the tar heels and so on, you know. the blue devils. deacons. i am not going to get into all of that. you just have great basketball in north carolina. so, i love the an excuse to come to north carolina. but, i am here for a simple reason. i am glad to see our outstanding congressional delegation. you are lucky to have them. i am glad you have got an outstanding candidate for the senate and an outstanding candidate for governor. and i'm going to be working for them, too. but i'm here today because i believe in hillary clinton! [cheers and applause] president obama: and i want you to help elect her to be the next president of the united states of america! that is why i am here. [cheers and applause] now, this is --
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[crowd chanting "hillary"] president obama: as hillary mentioned, this is not the first time we campaigned together. we went up to new hampshire after our primary in 2008. we went to unity, new hampshire, just in case people missed the point. that was the name of the town. unity, new hampshire. and we had gone through what was one of the longest, toughest primaries in history. primaries are always tough because you are arguing with your friends, instead of the folks you disagree with. sometimes you have to find stuff thoughgree about, even you don't really disagree. -crossing paths
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from new hampshire to nevada. and as much as i have admired her when we served together in the senate, i came away from that primary admiring her even more. because during that year and a half, i had a chance to see up close just how smart she was and just how prepared she was. especially since i had to debate her a couple dozen times. and let's be clear. you don't have to rub it in. she beat me at least the first half and then i could just barely play her to a draw. i always had to be on my game because she knew every fact and she knew every detail. and then, during those 18 months, i saw the passion that she feels for anybody who has injustice,id
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anybody who has faced this termination, anybody who does everything right and still cannot seem to get a fair shot. whether it was workers who lost their jobs or kids unable to afford college. and you could tell it was personal to her because she had seen struggles in her own life. she had known challenges in her own life and she could identify and empathize with people who were doing the right thing and she wanted to make sure they got a fair shake. i saw over and over again how even when things did not go her own way, she would just stand up straight and come back stronger. she did not give up. she didn't pout. she just kept on going. she was the energizer bunny. she just kept on.
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the bottom-line is, she had to do everything i had to do but she was like ginger rogers, she had to do it backwards and in heels. and, at the end of our contest, i saw the grace and the energy with which she threw herself into my campaign. not because she was not disappointed about the outcome of the primaries, but because she knew it was something that was bigger than either of us. and that was the direction of our country and how are we going to make sure all of the people counting on us with the a better life? we may have gone to to tell from coast to coast but we stood shoulder to shoulder for the ideals that we share. so, maybe hillary was surprised, but i was not surprised when i asked hillary to represent our interests and values around the world. as america's secretary of state.
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i knew she would do a great job. [cheers and applause] president obama: i knew she would perform. i knew the regard in which she was held in capitals all around the world. i knew the minute she took the stature and aa seriousness that would immediately mend some of the challenges we had around the world during that time. now, let me tell you, north carolina, my faith in hillary clinton has always been rewarded. i have had a front row seat to her judgment and her toughness and her commitment to diplomacy. i witnessed in the situation room, where she argued in favor of the mission to get bin laden. [cheers and applause] president obama: i saw how as a former senator from new york, she knew, she understood,
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because she had seen it, she had witnessed it, what this would mean for the thousands who had lost loved ones when the twin tower fell. her savvy andom her skill in foreign capitals, where her diplomacy led to new partnerships, opened up new nation student democracy. helped to reduce the nuclear threat. we have all witnessed the work she has done to advance the lives of women and girls around the globe. she has been working on this since she was a young woman, working on the children's defense fund. she is not late to the game. she has been going door to door to make sure kids got a fair share. making sure kids with disabilities could get a quality education. she has been fighting those fights and she has the scars to prove it.
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>> we love you, hillary! president obama: and you know, hillary and i shared a big hug the first time we saw each other after, we finally realized one of the great causes of her career. finally gaining access to affordable care, health insurance for all of americans. because that is something she got started and we picked up at the time and were able to get across the finish line. [cheers and applause] president obama: the bottom line is, she was a great secretary of state. and by the way, that is not just my opinion. that was the view of the american people throughout the time that she was a serving as secretary of state. [cheers and applause] president obama: before the whole political machinery got moving. remember that? it was not that long ago. it is funny how that happens. everybody thought she was doing a great job.
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that is because she did do a good job. but, it is funny how the filter changes a little bit. same person. doing the same work. but, you know, that filter is a powerful thing. it was not just what happened in the limelight that made me grow more and more to admire and respect hillary. it without she acted when the cameras were not on. it was knowing how she did her homework. it was knowing how many miles she put in traveling to make sure america was effectively represented in corners of the world that people don't even know about. political not any points to be had. but she knew it was important. i saw how she treated people with respect, even the folks who
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are "important." that is how you judge somebody. how they treat somebody when the cameras are off and they can't do anything for you. do you still treat them right? do you still treat them with respect? are you still fighting for them? do you still listen to them? [cheers and applause] i saw howobama: deeply she believes in the things she fights for. and i saw how you can count on her and how she won't waver or back down. she will not quit, no matter how difficult the challenge, and no matter how fierce the opposition. and, if there is one thing i can tell you, charlotte, is those things matter. those things matter. i am here to tell you that the truth is, nobody fully understands the challenges of
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the job of president until you have actually sat at that desk. everybody has got an opinion. but nobody actually knows the job until you are sitting behind the desk. [cheers and applause] everybody cana: tweet. but nobody actually knows what it takes to do the job until you have sat behind the desk. [cheers and applause] president obama: i mean, sasha tweets. [laughter] president obama: she does not think that there by, she should be sitting behind the desk. so, you cannot fully understand what it means to make life and death decisions until you have done it. that is the truth. but i can tell you this. hillary clinton has been tested
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. [cheers and applause] president obama: she has seen up close what is involved in making those decisions. she has participated in the meetings in which those decisions have been made. she's seen the consequences of things working well, and things not working well. been any man never or woman more qualified for this office than hillary clinton. ever. [cheers and applause] theident obama: and that's truth. that's the truth. "hillary"]ting president obama: so, the bottom line is, i know hillary can do
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the job. and that is why i am so proud, north carolina, to endorse hillary clinton as the next president of the united states. [cheers and applause] president obama: now, i recognize to some degree i am preaching to the choir. i know i probably don't need to tell anybody here why we need hillary's steadiness and her levelheadedness and her brilliance and her temperament right now. >> right now. president obama: right now. because we have been through some tumultuous times in this new century. and, we continue to face all kinds of challenges and change in the years ahead. in thiss november,
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election, you are going to have a very clear choice to make between two fundamentally different visions of where america should go. and this isn't even really a choice between left and right or democrat or republican. this is a choice between whether we are going to cling to some imaginary past, or whether we are going to reach for the future. [cheers and applause] president obama: this is about whether o we have an america that works for everybody, or just a few people. [cheers and applause] president obama: and hillary is not somebody who fears the future. she believes that it is ours to shape. the same way it has always been. hillary understands that we make our own destiny as long as we are together.
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as long as we think of ourselves not as just a collection of individuals, or a collection of interests, or a collection of states, but has the united states of america. she knows that. she knows that when it comes to our economy. because she knows our economy works best, not when it only benefits a few at the top, but when everybody has a fair shot at success. as hillary mentioned, when i came into office, things were not in very good shape, as you will recall. we were losing 800,000 jobs a month. pursuing, by the way, the same proposals that republicans are still peddling. and over the past six years, we have created more than 14 million new jobs. we cut the unemployment rate in half. manufacture jobs have grown for the first time since the other
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president clinton was in office. [cheers and applause] andident obama: by the way, by the way, because they are always talking about us as democrats. i want to point out, we have cut our deficit by nearly 75%. they didn't. they did not. wages for families are finally starting to rise again. but we've got so much more work to do. because in the 21st century, we are not going to help families. we're not going to create jobs just by pretending that we can turn back the clock and women are going to somehow not be in the workforce anymore. and, you know, people of color suddenly are not going to be
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competing and wanting a better future for their kids. we are not going to suddenly ignore all the progress w that has been made over the last 30 years. we're not going to build walls around america or put technology back in the box. we are not going to reverse rights for women or minorities, or americans with disabilities to fully participate in the workforce. we are not going to do that. if we are going to give working families, all families, a chance to succeed, we have to make sure they can afford childcare and they have got sick leave and paid leave. and we'll got to make sure that women get equal pay for equal work. [cheers and applause] president obama: and we should make it easier, not harder, for workers to organize for better wages and working conditions. and we should not illuminate the minimum wage. -- we should not eliminate the minimum wage.
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we should raise it higher so that if you work full-time you do not live in poverty. [cheers and applause] president obama: each of these policies, the policies hillary mentioned, would help working families feel more secure in today's economy. she has actually got a plan. it is actually paid for. you can actually look at it. [laughter and applause] president obama: now, the fact that we have not gotten all of these guys done is not the fold of immigrants or unions or some liberal socialist scheme. it is very simple. republicans in congress and governors have been locking these ideas for the last eight years. it is that simple. [cheers and applause] so, look.obama: i just want to be clear.
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there are other issues. besides the economy. but if your concern is, who is going to look out for working families, if you are voting your pocketbook, if you are asking , who is actually going to stand up for the guy on the construction site, or the guy acting, or the woman pleading hotel rooms, or someone who is really working hard, working families. if that is your concern, this is not even a choice. because the other side has nothing to offer you. the other side has nothing to offer you. [crowd chanting "hillary"] president obama: i am going off
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script here, but i want to repeat this. if your concern is working people, then this is not a choice. i do not care whether you're white, black, hispanic, native american, polka dot, male, female. i don't care. is goingu care is, who to be fighting for ordinary folks who are fighting for a better life for themselves and their children, then, i don't know how you vote for the guy who is against of the minimum wage, against unions, against making sure that everybody gets a fair shot, against legislation for equal pay, against sick leave and family leave and against all the things working families care about. so, if you are voting for the other team, it is not because of
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the economy. it is not because of the economy. you have to be clear about that. i mean, even the republicans on the other side don't really know what the guy is talking about. [laughter] president obama: they really don't. they really don't. you ask them. they are all like, "i don't know." joking? no. path thatn choose a divides us with harsh rhetoric and pitting people against each other, all the while, pushing policies that will just help folks at the top do even better, but that is not going to help
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the working families. or, we can transform our politics so they are responsive to working families, so that people of all races and all backgrounds get a higher wage. and all folks get quality health care and a decent retirement. and all children in this country get a better education that lets theiretter circumstances. that is my hillary clinton believes and that is why i am supporting her for president of the united states and that is why you should, too. [cheers and applause] president obama: now, to me, that in and of itself would be enough to make the choice. but we have some other choices. you can go the path that to
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-- you can go down the path that denies climate change is real. or, you can choose the path where american jobs and businesses lead the world. we have doubled renewable energy in this country in the last seven years. [cheers and applause] president obama: remember when we were all concerned about our dependence on foreign oil? well, let me tell you. we have got the oil we have bought from other countries in half. remember when the other team was telling us how they were going to get gas prices down in like 10 years? we did it. we did it. [cheers and applause] president obama: so, we have been able to shape an energy policy that is good for families, good for your pocketbook, and with secretary clinton's help, america ultimately lead nearly 200 other nations to an agreement to save this planet for future generations.
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[cheers and applause] president obama: now, mabye you don't care about this. maybe you think 99% of scientists are wrong. you're welcome. [cheers and applause] president obama: but the point is, we are not done with this. where we go from here is up to you. you can vote with the climate deniers who want to tear up the agreements we created, or you can put people back to work , building a cleaner energy future for all of us. that is what is at stake in this election and that is one of the reason i am supporting hillary clinton for president. you know, hillary mentioned how we operate on the world stage. now, let me just say, i know the other guys are talking about making america great again.
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america is really great. [cheers and applause] and it just the other day somebody was writing about, wow, when you look at the surveys in the world, it turns out that when obama came into office, the world enough think we were that great. but now, they think we are the greatest. [cheers and applause] president obama: they think we are the strongest. they think we are in the best position. we were in a hole before i came into office, but right now, the world thinks we are pretty darn great. [cheers and applause] president obama: and by the way, you can look that up. that is a fact. that is not something i just made up and tweeted. [laughter] president obama: so, there are actually like, surveys done.
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they actually know what people think. they don't just assert it. you can look it up. part of the reason is our standing secretary of state. -- is our outstanding secretary of state. part of the reason is hillary understood and continues to understand this is not just a bunch of policies that replaces the work of diplomacy. a bunch of phony bluster does not keep us safe. and she understands we cannot retreat from a world that needs american leadership. that is why she offers a smarter approach that uses every element of american power to protect our people and protect our allies. she is, and will be, a states woman who makes us proud around the world. she will deploy diplomacy whenever possible, but she also knows what it takes to be a commander-in-chief and i know she will never hesitate to use force when it is necessary to protect us. [cheers and applause] president obama: and she will
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know how to mobilize the world around the causes we believe in, that we know are right, and makes your other countries pull their own weight. that is strength. that is leadership. and that is why hillary clinton has to be the next president of the united states of america. [cheers and applause] [crowd chantind "i'm with her"] president obama: i'm with her! you know, part of the reason we're here is because we all share the belief that this country only lives up to this potential when every single one of us gets a chance to succeed. black, latino, native american, rich, poor, turkish american, gay, straight, male, female, all of us matter.
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all of us share the same creed. all of us pledge allegiance to the same flag. that does not mean we have to agree on everything. we all have different ideas and that is part of what makes america great. but i agree with hillary that our democracy works best when there are basic bonds of trust between us. when we recognize that every voice matters. and the people who disagree with us most strongly love our country just as much as we do. you have never heard hillary clinton demonize other people. you haven't heard her not be willing to engage with folks, even when they disagree with her. on about folks on the senate the other side, they like working with her. even though some of them did all they could to tear her down. that brand of leadership is how
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we're going to get these done. that is how we can protect more of our kids from gun violence. [cheers and applause] president obama: that is the new challenge. after new town, the other side blocked any new safety gun reforms. after orlando, they blocked any new gun safety reforms. they're not listening to 90% of the american people. democrats and republicans who support background checks and making sure somebody was on a no-fly list can't actually go out and purchase an automatic rifle. hillary knows how to build coalitions! smarte knows we can take steps to protect both our rights and our kids. so, they can go to movies, or to a nightclub, or to a church, or to a school. and, if you believe that, too, then there is no choice there. you have got to vote for hillary clinton. [cheers and applause]
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president obama: herher brand of leadership can save a broken immigration system so it lives up to our laws in this nation of immigrants. unless you are he native american, somebody brought you here. somebody came here. you came from someplace else now. so i just want to be clear about that. and not everybody had their papers straight when they came here. i am just saying. and, you know, there are millions of starving young people whose lives hang in the balance. they want to give something back to this country that they love. they want to serve in our military. they want to go to college. they want to be doctors. they want to cure diseases. and for years, the republicans talkun this counsel, they
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a good game about immigration reform. and then they don't do anything. and now, they have picked the nominee whose only plans are to build a higher wall. that is not a plan. [crowd boos] president obama: no, wait a second. hold on a second. don't boo. vote. don't boo! vote. booing doesn't help. you need to vote. but if you care about a smart immigration policy that controls our borders, that also gives everybody opportunities, then, this is your candidate. you have got to vote in this election. and if you don't think your vote matters, if you don't think the stakes are high enough, remember that just last month the supreme court could not reach a decision involving
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immigration because republicans in the senate had refused to just do their jobs. and just have the courtesy to meet with a nominee that even they admit is one with a nominee that even they admit is one of the most qualified ever to be nominated for a seat on the supreme court. will not even give him a hearing. will not even give him an up or down vote. they would rather have their nominee for president choose his own justice to fill that seat. don't boo. you've got to vote. he wants a justice who views the world as he does. hat is not a good thing. that is not what you want on the highest court in the land. the supreme court is no joke. joke. the people who sit on that bench make monumental decision that

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