tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN August 3, 2016 10:00am-11:01am EDT
the man has built buildings and that is well and good. therei have to leave you and i apologize for that. thank you for calling in and to the rest another one comes your way at 7:00 tomorrow. we'll see you then. ♪ >> here is our schedule today on c-span. in a few minutes, remarks from jonathan jarvis on his agency's 100th anniversary.
eastern, joseph wingo will become the next chief of the national guard. global health experts discuss the outcomes of the recent international aids conference which looked at funding and research options and this afternoon live coverage of president obama as he speaks to a young african leaders initiative town hall meeting. tonight on c-span, homeland security secretary jeh johnson talks about terrorism, border security, and transportation security administration. he spoke to an audience at the christian science monitor. you can see that tonight at 8:00 eastern on c-span. 2, we will start at 8:00 p.m. eastern on afterwards history followed by sebastian gorka who wrote defeating jihad m of the winnable war. karen greenberg looks at rogue justice. michael flynn discusses the
field of flight. all that starting on c-span2. q&a civil wart on historian meredith james robertson discusses -- james robertson discusses his book, after the civil war. >> state allegiance was very deep. as far back in generations asked settlers in the country. i think one has to keep that in mind. i'm not belittling slavery. slavery is without question the major cause of the civil war but you can explain the actions of good decent men like robert e lee and stonewall jackson. they fight virginia -- they fight because virginia them. easterny night at 8:00 on q and a. national park service director jonathan jarvis
addressed the national press club on the 100th anniversary of an nation's park system. he talked about increasing fees to cover the cost of park maintenance and how the nps is addressing recent allegations of sexual misconduct in the department. this is one hour. burr: our guest today is jonathan jarvis, director of the national park service. i look to welcome our public audiences.-span i would remind you you can , follow the action on twitter. now it is time to introduce our head table guests. i asked each of you stand briefly. please hold your applause until i have finished introducing the entire table. from your right, dylan brown, a -- a longtime national parks volunteer. maria visio, a correspondent for
the clashing newspapers. will shamrock, ceo and president of the national parks foundation. elizabeth bill miller. john warner, former secretary of the navy and senator from the commonwealth of virginia. [applause] mr. burr: a medical device reporter for med tech insight and a press club board member. skipping our speaker for a minute, a reporter at a publishing company, the chief of public affairs for the national park service. tom crossan. del wilber a reporter at the los angeles times. april slayton assistant director for communications at the national park service, and andy fisher, director of communications for the pew charitable trust. thank you, all.
[applause] burr: 40 years ago our speaker put on uniform of a ranger and went to work on the national mall. in that year the national park service was a mere 60 years old. later this month the park service turns 100, and jonathan jarvis is still wearing the green and gray uniform. he has the hat he will put on any minute. no longer a temporary employee, jarvis is the leader of 22,000 employees who maintain the system of more than 400 national park units across the 50 states and most u.s. territories. as the national park service enters its second century, it faces multiple challenges, balancing needs while the agency the budgetess cuts while demanding the agency does more. cultivating a new generation of younger and more diverse park
visitors and volunteers. adapting to the effects of climate change in parks including a loss of glaciers and coastline habitat. addressing well-publicized occurrences of sexual harassment in the grand canyon and other parks. dealing with the effects of energy and other developments in proximately to the parks. in his career jarvis has worn , every hat you could wear in the park service. every hat looks like. he has been a scientist, ranger, director, and now director. -- regional director and now director. i would like to thank him who agreed last fall to come to my january inauguration. that was before we knew about stormnding snow zilla that crippled washington. jarvis came to the inaugural. thankfully today we have , slightly better weather. this is the first time the park service director has addressed the club. please welcome jonathan jarvis
as he tells us of his plans for the centennial year of the national park service. [applause] mr. jarvis: welcome, everybody. thank you, tommy. it's great to be back in a little warmer weather than we when were here. thank you, rod for organizing this as well. thank you, senator for joining us. this year the national park service will be 100, and i will have served for 40 of those years so i have a few opinions , about the second century. i'll start with an excerpt from "the atlantic" magazine. "the president wanted all freedom and solitude possible while in the park, so all newspaperman and other strangers were excluded. even the secret service men and his private secretary were left at gardiner. he craved to be alone with nature.
he was evidently hungry for the wild and aboriginal, a hunger that seems to come upon him and drives him on his trips to the west. in the morning he had stated his wish to go alone into the wilderness. his detail did not quite like that idea. 'no, put me up a lunch and let me go alone. i will surely come back.' back he came, about 5:00 when he came down the path from east to the camp. came out that he had tramped about 1800 miles -- 18 miles through very rough country. he came back looking as fresh as when he had started and at night sitting before the fire related his adventures." this is john burroughs' account of traveling with teddy roosevelt in yellowstone in the spring of 1903. in 2013, almost 110 years later, i was hiking out at the same yellowstone wilderness. with my son ben.
we were on a slope when the ground began to shake. over the hill behind us charged a stampeding herd of bison. we jumped behind a boulder and the furry creatures passed. so close i could've run my fingers through their manes. i have the privilege to have not only wild experiences, but put them in context. i think that if you think that if this nation decided hundred years ago that places like yellowstone could be set aside for the enjoyment of future generations, that concept that you and i can have a similar experience that teddy roosevelt had over a hundred years ago. in 1914, an independently wealthy borax mining company director observed the deteriorating condition of the
national parks. he wrote a letter to the secretary of the interior , franklin lane complaining , about that, and the secretary responded, "if you do not like the way the parks are being run, come to washington and run them yourself." i would imagine such challenges have launched many critical -- many political careers in washington, so to support the establishment of the national park service, mather knew if he got right people in these extraordinary landscapes they would become converts. july 14, 1815, mather led them for a two week trip in the high sierra. included writers and a publisher of a newspaper. they had photographers, attorneys, businessmen, the california state engineer, and
gilbert grosvenor, the director of the national geographic society. there was one park ranger and two chinese cooks. considered the best camp cook in the west. he proved that every day with dinners for these folks of soups, salads, fried chicken, and hot sourdough biscuits warmed on the side of a sweaty mule that was laboring up the area we know today as sequoia and kings canyon national parks. for two weeks this group plunged into cold streams and reveled under a starlit sky. mather let the mountains do their magic, and they were swept away and bonds were formed with
not only each other, but the land. each night around the fire they talked about conservation and future of the national parks. that final bonfire night, mather said, "i should confess why i wanted you to come, not only for your interesting company, but to hope you would see that significant of these and to picture what we are to do. hopefully you will take this message and spread through the land in your own style, these valleys and heights just one small part of the majesty of america." although sequoia and yellowstone and glacier and crater lake are already set aside, there are vast areas that should be preserved for the future. think of the grand canyon or the wonders of our territories in alaska and hawaii he said,
"unless we can protect the areas currently held with a separate government agency, we may lose them through selfish interests." -- lose them to selfish interests." that evening every member without to go back and provide their active support the establishment of the national park service. grosvenor, with the national geographic society, would march in step, and he fulfilled that promise by publishing in april of 1916 an entire issue, "the land of the best." the press coverage was extraordinary, and it influenced congress when it came to a vote in the establishment of the national park service in august 1916, 100 years ago. this year the national geographic society devoted its -- devoted every issue in 2016 some aspect of the parks on the 100 anniversary releasing the full issue, yellowstone battle
for the west. the media coverage of the nps centennial has been unprecedented. i believe we are now over 8 billion media impressions for the centennial, so thank you for all the coverage we have gotten. we cannot take the future conservation for granted. we must use the magic of our parks and public lands to inspire and empower a new generation of conservation and historic preservation. in many ways this centennial year has been a national mather mountain party. by inviting every american to find their park, that place that personally inspires them emerging minutes the enfield some patriotic ride. enough of least bit of -- without the least bit of modesty, our goal has been to create the next generation of visitors, supporters, and advocates for national parks and public land. if we do not, in the words of my predecessor, we may lose them to
selfish interests. i want each of you for the moment to take a little bit of patriotic pride that our nation created this idea of national parks, and today that system embodies our highest ideals, are the most symbolic places, and stand as the best national park system in the world. they also tell the story of place. worthwhile places, places of great inspiration like the statue of liberty, places of beauty like yosemite, places of economic or restoration like the turning water flows to the everglades. while the most ambitious economic restrictions in american history.
places of great history like fort mchenry where our star-spangled banner and inspired francis kottke. places of great public health. the father of landscape architecture, frederick law olmsted, after a visit to yosemite said, "if we pursue business lives without the occasional contemplation of nature and parks, then men and women would be prone to a class of disorders including softening of the brain, nervous excitability, monomania, and melancholy and irascibility." with all the irascibility and washington out of people need a prescription for the parks. these were also places of social action, like the steps of the
1939,n memorial, where in marian anderson, denied an inside venue because of her race , sang "my country 'tis of thee," and dr. martin luther king delivered his "i have a dream" speech. inspiring the civil rights movement to carry on to the promise land. you can go to that spot and stand in the footsteps of dr. king. there are sections and sentiments of his speech that affect people in different ways, and i find a connection at this closing when he called for freedom to "ring from every mountainside," repeated the line "the land where my fathers , died, land of the pilgrim's pride." these lands are national parks and public lands, like gettysburg, freedom trail, smokies, yosemite.
they call for us to experience that the bills of freedom are calling us to experience -- the bells of freedom are calling us to experience that healing and transformative power of nature and history. they are also ringing the bells of freedom and justice, respect for truth, and calling us to live us to the values our nation. the national park service is unlike any agency. these are not only as stewards of the nation's landscapes, but also the keepers of its cultural memory, and recognizing that is telling its story in its entirety. when i became the director in 2009 with the encouragement of , recognize that there are gaps in the american narrative as told by the national parks. we must recommend to the president to do designations to
fill those gaps. to realize the inclusiveness and equality that had been part of the american vision, if not always the reality, we needed to start from the beginning. when summer day in 1619, a ship appeared off of what was known as point comfort. that ship later was known as the african mayflower. at the time of the civil war, point comfort had become the union stronghold known as fort monroe, the only union fort to stand south of the mason-dixon line. three escaped slaves appeared at fort monroe for sanctuary. general butler was at a command, and when slave owners demanded return of property, he refused, acting on his own. butler possibly reasoning was that the slaves were confederate
contraband and could be confiscated by union troops. thus became known as the contraband decision, and lincoln traveled down to fort monroe to spend the evening with butler over a brandy or two and traded their legal views. lincoln returned to d.c., inspired with his own legal theory and the first draft of the emancipation proclamation. the three fugitives were the first slaves freed the civil war, and many more would follow, so fort monroe bookends the beginning and the end of slavery, and november 1, 2011, under the authority of the antiquities act, president obama designated fort monroe as part of the national park system. during its struggle for independence, in a colonial courthouse in newcastle, delaware, this nation set itself on a course of precedent and more. it was here that delaware ratified the constitution, the first state to do so, and
asserted under the laws of this new nation, they were creating all people with unalienable rights. in march of 2013, president obama designated first state national monument as part of the national park system. nearly 100 years after delaware ratified the constitution we were a long way from liberty and justice envisioned by the founding fathers. no one knew this better harriet tubman. for 12 years, tubman repeatedly led fugitive slaves into secret places in the tidewater region and on to safety by way of the underground railroad. in march 2013, president obama designated harriet tubman as part of the national park service. charles young was a rarity. heroes to kernel but was denied the rank of general due to
discrimination -- a rose to the rank of colonel. a career took colonel young a person from a cavalry unit known as buffalo soldiers to the philippine insurrection and to burial at arlington cemetery. at one point colonel young served as the superintendent of sequoia and kings canyon national parks. in march 2013, obama designated colonel charles young national monument. george pullman decided in 1862 on a new business model, to build and lease fancy train cars that could be coupled to the fleet of trains across the country as we entered the 20th century. pullman staffed those cars with african-americans, because he felt they would be most subservient.
he trained them, paid them a living wage, provided uniforms and a code of conduct. these men developed pride in their work as porters, and emphasized education in their children, and began the growth of the black middle class. they also organized by a young philip randolph, and it resulted in the creation of labor day. randolph's organizational skills would be applied to the civil rights movement that swept the nation, including the bravery of those at the little rock 9. on february 2015, president obama designated pullman national monument. 75 years ago, next year, on the outside of world war ii, franklin delano roosevelt issued an executive order 9066 ordering all residents of the western united states who were of
japanese ethnicity to be rounded up by the military and prisons in confinement camps hastily constructed. . over 120,000 people were forced to buses, leaving behind homes and most of their possessions. they were transported to remote locations like the owens valley california, a plain of idaho, and above invested goals in hawaii. recognizing that tragedy of racial profiling and injustice during wartime and its relevance to today, president obama designated a national monument as part of the national park system in hawaii. from the upheaval of the 1960's, another figure arose, cesar
chavez. persistent racism and unsafe working conditions. in october 2012, to immortalize this man's sacrifice, president obama designated cesar chavez national monument. in washington a group of women determined the liberty and opportunity granted to citizens of this nation should be applied to the other 50% of the population who were female. the national women's party was drafted and helped pass hundreds of pieces of legislation that changed that his women in america. in april 2016, president obama designated the women's equality national monument in d.c.
in 1969, greenwich village then shaped the modern lgbtq movement. the police conducted a raid that resulted in harassment and arrest. the crowd held their ground in the meeting and refused to -- in demanding civil rights and refused to disperse. the protest expanded a group several thousand people, lasted for six days, and marked a turning point in the struggle for lgbt rights. within a few years, lgbtq people across the country have formed groups in also every major city. in 2016, president obama designated stonewall inn as part of the national park service. these nine new monuments in the
system represent people believe in the aspirations of our country, and the places where they acted upon their faith, spirit, and convictions. their stories are part of the national park system where they will inspire teachers generations, carry on the message that the blessings of liberty must be defended from all threats, whether external or from within. a few months ago, i shared the dais with dr. sonya sanchez. she reminded us all about truth. " i cannot tell the truth about anything unless i confess being a student. going and learning something new every day. the more i learn, the clearer my view of the world becomes.
i invite all of you in our country to come to the national parks and gain a clearer view of the world. thank you. [applause] mr. burr. thank you. we have a lot of questions. thank you for not making us a national park. mr. jarvis: that is in the future. r: you talked about new resignation. you talked about the challenges of backlog. with the new acres, hundreds of thousands of acres added to your portfolio, does that benefit the park service or does it become more of a challenge because you have a $12 billion backlog? mr. jarvis: we are of 22 new
units to the national park systems that came on as the director in this administration both through congress and through presidential under the antiquities act. in most cases, in almost every case, we had minimized our footprint. the actual amount of land or resource that we need to take care of. and we have brought in philanthropic partners to assist with. and have been quite successful in raising funds. on one hand, it does answer our overall responsibility we have been judicious in ensuring does not add significantly to our main spectrum. mr. burr how are you tackling that backlog? outdated electrical and sewer systems.
how are to tackle the $12 billion backlog? mr. jarvis: let me characterize the backlog. we understand our maintenance backlog at an excruciating level of detail. we know this down to the brick. about half of our backlog is in the transportation side. roads and bridges. that is not an easy thing to raise philanthropic money for. that is the responsibility of appropriators and we get a significant amount of funding out of the transportation bill. there is a five-year bill to address high-priority roads and bridges. the other half, about half of that are high-priority assets. these are directly related to experience or of high
significance value. the lincoln memorial is a nice asset you might consider a high-priority asset. in some cases we can raise philanthropic dollars for. we have had terrific contributions from individuals to repair those as well. we had a campaign to address many of those issues. we are also going to need a steady supply of federal appropriations. we have asked congress to respond to that. we have centennial legislation before them that would give us greater flexibility with revenues such as fees and address new revenues. mr. burr let's talk about the public-private partnership. how do we ensure that we don't end up with the exxon tram and disney trail or something like that? how do you avoid the situation were congress says you got
private money from corporations. we don't need to give you as much. mr. jarvis: as a young woman spoke to me earlier about the railroad industry, we have always had relationships with corporate america. from the very beginning of the national parks, it was the railroads that built most of the historic lodges. throughout my 40 years, we have had long-term relationships with corporate america without selling out, without renaming or this park brought to you by. we don't do that. we sit down with corporate america and say, what are your goals? these are our goals. these are the areas you can't go
and we will not allow that. i think you should trust us that we are protecting these assets from branding and labeling. it is not the direction we are headed. what we are trying to do is modernize our philanthropic capability for the service, the park foundation, and all of our friends that raise money. >> the second part was what if congress says you are getting money from corporate america, you don't need as much? mr. jarvis: we have the find a bright line in the sand for what philanthropic support is and what is the duty of the taxpayer through the appropriations. we feel the basic operation of a national part is the responsibility of appropriators. philanthropy gives us that margin of excellence on top of that. they are not replaceable one over the other. mr. burr what about user fees? do you see a raisin to raise fees for things like campgrounds, lodges tour
operators, without window down that backlog? mr. jarvis: we have a fee program. we raise about $220 million a year in our fee program. we have the authority to retain all of that money in the national park service. if a fee collecting park retains 80%, 20% is pulled for non-fee parks. we never want fees to be so high that they exclude some component of the american public. the parks are for everyone, not just for the rich or the elite. that was the whole point of the way we created the national parks of this country. in europe, some of our ancestors came from special places that were just for the rich.
we will always keep our fees low enough so they will be affordable. mr. burr: you will not say if we will see an increase in the next couple of years? mr. jarvis: we already have. 2009, i put a moratorium on fee increases. i retain that moratorium until 2015. we froze fees at their current level. in 2015 i allowed the national parks across the system to consider to go to public comment for fee increases. we did allow some to increase but we will probably hold it there for a while. as you implement the program you , get pushback from the public. it is still a great deal, but i am not planning on raising them again anytime soon. >> i always known at these moments that the general public is allowed at our luncheons. if you hear applause, it is not necessarily from the
journalists. [laughter] >> i did have a question from a senior who was concerned that you might raise the golden pass. is it still $10? mr. jarvis: yeah. i have one of these. this is a senior pass. it is $10 for life. i would say it is a little undervalued. [laughter] mr. jarvis: this price was set by congress. i don't have the authority to change it. we do have a proposal before congress to increase this pass. it will still be lifetime, but to make it equal to the america the beautiful pass, which is $80. you pay $80 once for life. that delta between $10 and $80 will generate about $35 million for us because we so a lot of these and that would be used for the backlog.
>> for most of the park service's 100 years, support from congress and preserving wilderness, battlefields, and other wonders are strong and bipartisan. in recent years, that's has been rattled. why is there a political rift? mr. jarvis: i will probably get in trouble for telling this, but when i go on the hill to meet with members of congress, there has been historically bipartisan support for the national parks. a long tradition of great support from both sides of the aisle. sometimes different priorities. when i go in testify before a committee, there is a lot of finger-pointing and accusations
made about the national parks. when i go into the office, for certain individuals they pull down the shades and get out there park pass and want me to sign it and tell me the latest trip story. part of the issue in my estimation is there is a political agenda around that nothing in government is good. it is hard to admit. if you say this, there is an aspect of government that they actually like, which is the national parks. what we have been trying to do through the centennial is reintroduce ourselves to the american people. the ones who don't know sincerely know who we are -- don't necessarily know who we are and have that translate into support across the aisle, something that we enjoyed for much of our first 100 years. >> i will not ask you to name
those members of congress. we talked about this before. i was planning to go to a national park later this month. what are you doing as part of the celebration to control the overcrowding we are seeing at some national parks? mr. jarvis: we are experiencing record levels of visitation as a result of the centennial, to find your park campaign, the outreach, the media coverage. this past year, 2015, we surpassed 312 million visitors. let me put that in perspective. that is more than all of disney, more than all of national football, national baseball, national basketball, nascar combined. [applause] mr. jarvis: and we do it on the budget of the city of austin,
texas. we did fact check and that is correct. the way i view this is when the public comes to national parks, something happens. yes, it can be somewhat overwhelming for our employees. you are deepening that connection. that connection translates into support. as a volunteer, as an advocate, there are a variety of advocacy groups out there, at the local level, support in congress. i think there is an upside to the visitation. it also is inviting a generation that perhaps did not know about these places. our goal is not to just raise the numbers, that to increase the diversity of that visitation as well. >> thank you. when the centennial is over,
what is in the works to try to keep this energy and excitement going past the eight centennial? mr. jarvis: we have had a lot of discussion about what happens when we block the candles because there has been a huge push. many of my staff are like, we are through. our goal has been to connect with this next generation and inspire them. i think the next phase is empowering them to bring the concept of conservation and historic reservation back into their own communities, within their social networks, to give them the tools and the power to execute on that from what they have learned about the national parks as well. many of the initiatives that we have launched, the theme studies around the contributions of latinos and women and asian-americans pacific islanders, lgbt, will be
carrying on into the next ministry should. new sites that recognize that as well. i don't see a lot of this stuff just ending. >> but this was phony of for african americans is opening at the mall very soon. is there an effort now to try to educate visitors about such milestones, the history of national parks in washington or the northeast corridor? mr. jarvis: education has always been a core of our mission. we like to say come to the national parks, have a good time and learn something at the same time. danny would say, don't fall as down, either. programs that we have created where schoolteacher serve as rangers during the summer and then go back to school. over 600 curriculum developed
and played that is or you can in in some ways an in some ways it may stick with you longer than something you learn in a classroom. >> this question is of interest to my home state of utah, but what is your thought of turning federal land over to western states? some states say they could manage the federal land better. mr. jarvis: i think we need to step back and look historically at the portfolio of how states were established and the goals of establishing the four big land management agencies. there are four that manage land. there the national park service, bureau of land management, national forest service, and national fish and game service. the forest service and the blm
have a multiple use mandate and they provide for energy, gravel, timber, as well. they are already benefiting the entire american people, not just one specific state. i think we have to think very hard about retaining the public land of state and national parks as well for the benefit of all the people and not just those within one state boundary. >> do you have a specific reaction to some states who say they can manage the parks better than the federal government can? >> i have a lot of friends and the national association of state park directors and many of them are struggling significantly financially, that they have lost it will -- lost a
lot of state appropriations as well. -- it will the continue to be best managed under the federal government. >> there were a number of high-profile cases of wild animal attacks this summer. what message do you have for people enjoying recreation in the forest and rangers overseeing recreation involving wildlife? mr. jarvis: the thing about wildlife is that they are wild. on one hand, we tried in the national park service to let the public know that that bison laying down over there is not tame. it is not behind a fence and it can out run a horse. you really should not pat it on the head. there are risks in these wild places. we want the public to be
educated by those risks and learn how to experience them, which can be a fantastic experience, but there is a risk element and we are working hard to help educate the public about it. >> florida officials said they are investigating up to 10 cases of locally transmitted zika virus. the you see a threat of the virus spreading to the point where you may have to close parks in the southern united states? mr. jarvis: we have not gotten to the point of considering closure, but we definitely feel that zika is going to be a significant problem in southern tier parks. the everglades bigthicket. these are southern tier parks that have large mosquito populations. this particular species of
mosquito is not a species that breeds in the water of the everglades. it is a human contact species. we have been working with the center of disease control prevention on information for the public and our own employees that work in the park as well. >> there is only one jamestown in america. why isn't the administration pushing back harder on transmission lines being built in the historic city of jamestown? mr. jarvis: i know whose question that was. [laughter] mr. jarvis: i am pushing back really hard on that and there are a number of people pushing back hard. you are right. there is only one jamestown. it should not be marred with a transmission line. >> there is oil and gas exploration in close proximity to national parks. the you think trucks used in
exploratory cause no harm to the ecosystem? mr. jarvis: i don't think it causes no harm. i think there can be harmful any of that type of activity. we are in litigation over that right now so we cannot go into details. it is something that when we have a split state and individuals have rights to explore that state, it is putting us in a bind. >> what threat does mining opposed to the park system? for example, gold and uranium exploration near the grand canyon. mr. jarvis: secretary salazar withdrew about one million acres adjacent to the grand canyon for a 20-year withdrawal of uranium mining.
without getting down in the deeply, the concept of uranium mining is you drill down and you permeate geological layers. look across the grand canyon, you can see springs and seeps. the potential is that radioactive orphic springs and into the colorado river and downstream into potable water systems with many of the people in the southern half of the colorado river system. we spend a lot of time working with individuals to mitigate those. >> in the west, and this is happening in maine, often local residents are hostile or against the idea of creating a new
national park. what assurances do you give local residents that this would be a benefit to them rather than a detriment? mr. jarvis: it is interesting. if you look historically at the establishment, there is always a fight. there was a fight over the grand canyon. ultimately the president had to use the antiquities act to protect the grand canyon because there were many people opposed to the establishment early on. i was recently in seward, alaska. those of you who were allowed during the alaska land act days, the city of seward passed a resolution. total opposition of a national park. recently the city council rescinded that resolution
unanimously in support of the national park. if you look at estes park and seward and even forks, washington, outside of olympic, you will see communities that have benefited economically, quality of life, the kids can find work, all of that from the establishment of national parks a adjacent. >> this questioner wants to know that -- from citizens who feel order 21 will over commercialize our parts. can you explain what order 21 is and when the parks system will announce? mr. jarvis: it governs the relationship with private philanthropy, both corporate and individual foundation philanthropy and how that is
recognized. i have a citizens advisory board and i commissioned them to essentially give us a state of the art report on how for p is -- for how philanthropy is done in this country today. how donor recognition is done, and they made a recommendation to me for a revision of director order 21 so that the park service could consider a range of options to increase the potential for philanthropy but do it in a way that is respectful of the stewardship that we have for these places. they have done so. we have taken public comment on that. we are in the process of finalizing that and we will have d.o. 21 completed and signed by me why the end of the year. >> members of congress have criticized the park service for complaints about sexual
misconduct. what actions have you taken to address those concerns? mr. jarvis: most of you know there was an inspector general report that was specific to the grand canyon river district where there was a horrible sexual harassment by our park service employees. we recognize and admit to that. there have been other cases that have emerged in a few other parks around the system. a couple things we have done right away to address this in the canyon specifically, we have a new superintendent on the ground, chris leonards, first woman in the history of the grand canyon. i traveled out there with the secretary last week and introduced her to the staff. she was the former superintendent at golden gate. she will do a fantastic job addressing that in the canyon, how they route this out and
restart the relationship with their community. we have engaged another of -- a number of other organizations that have been dealing with this, particularly the department of defense. around history harassment and abuse. we have learned a lot from them. first and foremost, we need to establish a baseline of understanding how prevalent this is in the national park service. i honestly don't know. we are not going to know until we do a well-crafted survey of all employees that is done with protection and anonymity. once we establish that baseline we can understand more specifically how to take action. we are jumping on top of any reports right now and i set a standard with my senior leadership with how to expect a zero tolerance policy with
protection of the victim and zero tolerance for this horrible component. i will say that our employees will be stepping up once they see we are taking action. i expect the numbers of reported incidents to increase. not that there are more cases, but employees are now feeling more empowered to step up. not only in the national park service, but with other agencies that are seeing what is happening to the park service and are following our lead. >> are there protections and have you communicated those protections for whistleblowers or people who have been victims so people can raise their concerns about the person they are talking to? mr. jarvis: we're in the process of establishing an anonymous hotline.
the harasser may be there direct line supervisor or in the reporting chain. they can go around that chain and get immediate response. >> earlier this year, the interior department inspector faulted you for writing a book about the national parks without getting clearance because it may the appearance of a conflict of interest. even though you were not benefiting financially. what you not go through the ethics committee to write this book? mr. jarvis: good question. i have apologized to the department interior, the secretary, and my employees for that lapse in judgment. 2020 hindsight is often perfect. time.d ask next mr. burr: can you talk but the perceptible effect of climate change on any specific national parks or monuments and what, if
anything, can be done to address those concerns? mr. jarvis: i have said many times that climate change is the most threatening aspect of the future to the national parks. we are seeing direct effect on two specific parks. i was the superintendent at mount rainier national park and at the cascades outside of seattle. historically, if you look at climate records for mount rainier, one of the snowiest 48.es in the lower usually you'll get snow in the .all and rain in the spring that rain would come down on the seleka big sponge and soak it up and let it out through the spring. starts andd to snow then it converts to rein in the fall. you get rain on snow in the fall. you have enough snowpack to absorb it and it creates a flood. we had a $35 million with damage
in one event in the fall of the premier -- matt regnier -- mount regnier. english orsappearing national park. predictions are they will be gone within a couple of decades. fires burning longer on either end of the season. much hotter. we are seeing post-fire situations with vegetation not coming back in the same way. migratory species arriving earlier or later. species moving up the mountain to stay cool. we see effects across the system. mr. burr: if you had a magic wand or magic hat, whatever it for,e, what would you ask rangers, scientists, maintenance, money?
mr. jarvis: i would ask for public support. i think all of those things you mentioned come from public support. i want the public to love their national parks. i want them to see their national parks and feel that their story is represented in the national parks. if they feel that in a deep way, that will translate into funding and support for our mission to be accomplished. mr. burr: before i ask the final question i have a few announcements. the national press club is the leading organization for journalists and we fight for free press worldwide. for more information on the globe, please visit our website. press.org. i would like to remind you about upcoming programs. on thursday, we will hold its annual award journal. on august 14, michael york will address the club.
i would like to announce our -- to present our guest for the international press club month. [applause] one of the questions is a tough one. out of your 400 or so units, name your favorite national park or you have been with the park 40 years.or what was your scariest moment at a national park. >> i love all my children, so i can't name my favorite. but i will tell you a great scary moment. and was at alaska cat lying national park. if you've seen those pictures of the bears and the