tv Discussion Focuses on Innovation in Education CSPAN August 24, 2016 8:00pm-8:41pm EDT
are primetime program lineup begins in just a few moments. tonight on c-span, a forum on education from the annual arizona state university global silicon valley summit. then it is the director of the national park service, jonathan jarvis on the agency's 100th anniversary. later, donald trump in tampa florida. and news today of the devastating earthquake in central italy. this headline from bbc news online, italy earthquake, death toll rises to at least 159. at least 159 people have been killed and more than 360 injured in a 6.2 magnitude earthquake in central italy. the picture on the bbc news website of one of the villages devastated by the earthquake. crashed on a hillside. meanwhile, president obama today spoke to the italian president,
he called the president today and the white house released this statement from president obama. offeredthe president his deepest condolences on behalf of the american people to the people of italy following the devastating earthquake that struck central italy overnight. obama selected the quick action of first responders and volunteers who have been working to save lives. that is from the white house quarantine -- quoting the president as he spoke to be a telling president. embers of congress also, on the earthquake today. a couple of tweets. my prayers are with the people of italy. the u.s. stands ready to provide support and strength in this time of need. and house foreign affairs committee chair ed royce tweaking on behalf of the committee, thoughts and prayers
with the earthquake victims, families, and rescue teams in italy. he has his initials there. soon.ss is back to work congress returns on tuesday, september 6 after the august summer break. some work yet to complete. federal spending legislation for fiscal year 2017. also expect congress to consider a bill to fund research and prevention programs for the zika virus. and a pentagon program and policy legislation. the house also expected to consider impeaching irs commissioner when congress is back in session. house is live here gavel-to-gavel on c-span. the senate is live on our companion network, c-span2. not to the first of three panels now to the first
of three panels on education. the silicon valley summit. businessg together leaders and educators and policymakers to look at education issues. the first panel is that the work which con academy provides free online lessons. hello, everybody. my name is campbell brown. i am the cofounder and editor-in-chief of the 74. a new nonprofit news site that covers education. i have a great prelature -- pleasure of interest in -- introducing some great people. silicon is the creator of con academy. -- khan academy. he is the president of high it. we will talk about something they are partnering together on. we have a video that will give you a sense for it. that, let's start
off by explaining what learn -storm is. >> we are not-for-profit. people associate us with these videos that we have. we also have a really interactive exercise platform which students can learn at their own pace and learn skills. what we realized his wings you think more about how do we get a broader segment of students engaged. a broader segment of teachers as well. or they can experiment with personalized learning and really focus on mindset. we piloted this thing called learn-storm. a learning challenge where schools, teachers, students participate. they are rewarded not just for achievements in math, but awarded for showing perseverance.
--can see when a student is we can see what level they are at and if they are counting so -- challenging themselves. and what they do when they get something wrong. that is a proxy for resilience. we did that last year hoping to get maybe 1% of eligible students aged 3-12 grade. we got close to 10%. came from free and reduced lunch schools. by doing that, we saw more really high fidelity learning. we did that with google. this year, we said, can be expanded to more geographies? chicago was interesting. it is a truly urban area. the chicago public school system and the surrounding areas. we connected with mark and we
thought there was a lot of energy around that. in chicago this year. and we did it in ivanhoe -- idaho. having to reach people all over the state. we did it in the country of island as well. -- ireland as well. we are going to have the , but we finals event saw in the geographies between 10-15% of all third-12 graders areasse major participate. it is exciting. >> mark, before i go to you, let me show the video. clip] ♪ [applause]
>> we are the group to bring learn stomr to chicago. [applause] >> this idea that if you provide the resources and have determination, you can learn anything. [applause] learn stole spirit of rm it that you have the better -- material to learn and you can build it. [applause] storm 2015 kicking off the mark, you have the opportunity to do and that the whatever you put your mind to.
>> there is no real limit to learning provided that when the bell goes off, your opportunity to learn does not end. [applause] >> we could not have asked for a better launch to begin with. the energy in the room was amazing. one of the things that history, what you engage in these courses and the challenge, it gives you energy. i think people look to chicago as a leader. we will be able to do learn other place. it will be an example for the rest of the country and maybe the world. >> when i say learn, you say storm. [learn storm!] >> that was a pep rally. why was this interesting to you? why did you want to pursue this?
the hyatt in san diego. thank you all for being here. they started off in an unusual way. you -- we were finding that around the world so many of our teams, brazil, india, and several cities in the united states were finding that we were having great success in bringing people in to the hospitality industry out of disadvantaged backgrounds. people disconnected or disengaged from school or jobs. we have and i miss is that -- magnificent opportunity to bring people in with limited skills and help them grow. , we wondered how we could craft some life skills in a distributive format and make it available to a large number of people. how do we scale that?
and bring more people into the -- communities -- -- from these communities into the workforce. academy.t of khan we were concerned about -- this community of people, 36 million in the united states, half of the blackmail population between 17-24 in chicago is either not in school or not working. large committee of people. in order to provide them with resources and skills, you have to do it in a way that is not only accessible to them, but also something they could meaningand is not the -- the meeting -- demeaning. we medially thought of -- immediately thought of khan
academy. it delivers real, authentic engagement. it is authentic. authenticity be perfection every time. we approached him and we sat down and had this discussion about empathy and how how it was -- how it was built into their program. one of the key points of learn form is this grit perseverance. we have been working at hyatt for years trying to expand that and a growth mindset is essential to practicing that. the connection between what they were promoting through learn storm and what we were working on the company was aligned. we had a common view about this. said, longer term we want to turn to building these resources for skills development and light sources -- light skills. ife skills.
we want to partner with you to bring this to chicago. the scalability of this is stunning. that inhe effect of chicago. chicago is a place where right now, or engagement is necessary. -- more engagement is necessary. >> chicago public schools have been struggling. the effect of doing this and urgently, both of you focusing on chicago. >> it provided me with a sense of real result. -- resolve. i would add quickly that the first up we took was to enlist the districts. not just chicago public schools. this is five countries around chicago. and optimism was unbelievable. the senior leadership was immediately supportive and said this is exactly the right time for this.
there are all sorts of headlines about lots of fiscal issues and conflicts within the district. which is one of the reasons they believed that this was a great thing to do and a great time to do it. is very focused on personalized paths to learning and recognized how powerful learned storm andy -- khann storm and the platform. >> talk a little bit about your idea and how you integrated that? >> the growth mindset got popularized with the research from a person at stanford. that people have one or two mindsets. a fixed or growth mindset. a six month that is i either have the math gene or i don't. the growth is i don't know but
but i canit -- embrace failure and keep going. multiple studies have shown successful people in whatever field have a growth mindset disproportionately. the research that has been done has shown that you can do interventions with people to take them from having a fixed mindset to a growth mindset. we have been studying this on our platform for several years. some smalldoing growth set interventions while students were doing math exercises reminded them that your brain is like a muscle. more use it, the stronger it gets. you are more likely to form nerve connections when you get a question wrong and reflect. an increase in engagement
from students. one of the things we always thought about, we are building a platform where people can tap into their potential. they can learn anything they want to learn. how do we get more students to have the right mindset so they can take advantage of these things? if we could tie together the virtual, physical, partner with key stakeholders whether industry or teachers or parents, and created community around mindset and learning. not just talk about it but give them something to do arrested. the work the students are doing, they are doing, court exercises but it is fun. core exercises but it is fun. i encourage everyone here to try to uproot the exercises are always available. to do it.
the exercises are always available. if you are not greater and you have to remediate your sixth grade now. -- math. there is no stigma. student,e an advanced you can be the same thing. you are all working together and her school gets credit. as a community, how much resilience you show. the one wayindset, to think about this, we have done this in four regions, possibly nationwide, and nationwide growth mindset intervention or you can literally -- if we could move the dial of the number of people that have a growth mindset, that directly will address some of the things head was talking about in the left panel. -- ted was talking about in the last panel. >> this was designed to enlist students.
the final tally was around 100,000 students engaged in the competition. sal's support to launch it as a competition within hyatt. we ran a competition within the company. participants00 signed up quickly and we ran through a several week period, and what came out was inspirational. i got notes from colleagues of mine who said she always had struggled with algebra and she was in school. it got by with a c and always bothered her that she did not have that skill. when she saw it was available, she realized she could do it at her own pace and learn and push herself. she was unleashed. she felt like she was able to accomplish something and go to
the next level. we had another colleague who is a single father whose daughter was having problems with math a nd he didn't feel able to help her and threw the exposure of storm, he introduced his daughter to khan's platform. they are deeply emotionally important and inspirational. in all cases, based on the design, it really promotes going back and not just recognizing that failure is part of the process, but going back and applying yourself more and more. it is amazing to see that come adults in addition to the children impacted by the program. >> let me ask you to take a step back. as a global ceo -- both of you, actually.
what do you see as the most urgent, pressing thing in education that this addresses? that you are dealing with, whether hiring at the workplace and what you are seen as well? >> much more focused on learning, not focused on education per se. it is not an educational system. it is the learning process that we are focusing on. every market we operate, 100,000 colleagues around the world, what we see is that the opportunity gap, the skills gap, the knowledge gap, and income gap that results from all of that is alive and well everywhere and widening everywhere. every market we are in. it is pronounced in a few markets where we really focused a lot if our attention about how we are going about recruiting from disadvantaged areas.
brazil and india are two areas we spent a lot of time on. especially girls from favelas slums and try to give them an opportunity to learn some skills and get a job and develop from there. we see that as the number one issue that we think we can make an impact on in the world. it happens that our industry is well-suited for that because we have great entry-level opportunities. with the help of partners like con academy -- khan academy, i think we can bring great resources and tools to bear. in chicago, there's a great community of people involved in learning models and new engagement models. we discovered that this was really a broad community effort. we had a library system, local institutions, the districts and superintendents, this is also innovation -- they created a
core off ambassadors -- ambassadors and they were teachers who are passionate about this. took a community effort to bring this together and make it effective. of course some key people in the district. we are seeing that there is an opportunity to create an ecosystem that covers not just kids, but also young adults who are out that the school system and out of jobs. ,here has to be a vehicle a way for us to engage them. the tools and resources that khan has, ended its ability to assemble an eco--- and the ability to assemble an ecosystem to bring them back in. it is a big opportunity. havethink as a society we an existential question in front
of us. that we haveel today is an artifact of the industrial age. where the pyramid and it worked. you had a large need for labor and in between layer of information processing and at the top you had the creative class or the owners of capital. the people who owned enterprises. the one thing that is clear to contributing to the inequality, automation is making labor less relevant. where you have high cost going to low-cost with outsourcing. and then what will those people ?n low-cost areas do and an information processing. computers are good at that. artificial intelligence is starting to hit its stride.
the bottom two layers, even though the aggregate productivity has increased, the bottom two layers are heading collapsed. are gettingo -- collapsed. what do we do? redistribute? or we can invert the pyramid. get many more people into the ability to be entrepreneurs, to be creative, exercise the creativity. the only way we can do it is to atcate many more people scale. i get, ifexperiment you would go back 400 years in the past to western europe, you 15 percent oft people who know how to read. and among the clergy, what percent of them is capable of
reading, they would say with a perfect education system, maybe 40% or 50%. today, that would be a pessimistic reduction. it is close to 100% and that is a byproduct of the industrial age public education system. that today, the question of the pyramid, if i were to ask anyone in this room of what percentage you think of people are typical of being in the top of the pyramid? or investorartist or whatever it might become, i suspect a lot of people would or 20% with a great education system. my personal belief and we are starting to see data, if you allow people to learn at their own pace, if you allow them to fill in the gaps and they don't algebra orl in calculus, i think it is a much larger percentage of the population that is capable of learning quantum physics or
contribute into genetics research. i do fundamentally think this pyramid is an existential question for society. >> credentialing is something you are talking and thinking a lot about. talk about what that means for your business? >> education is at least 2-3 things. the learning part. getting the skills. then how do you show proof of your skills to the world? and the socialization, how dealing to work with other people in your community? the credentialing piece is key. there is a skills gap but there's also a signaling cap. a lot of people have the skills are close but it is hard -- or are close but it is hard to prove.
something we are not in yet, but when we talk to folks like hyatt about exactlyers this issue. how do we get a world where academy and a lot of the efforts of people in this room, how do people show what they know and employers employ a lot of people, how do they recognize that and start to use that? >> something specific you want to talk about? or not yet? >> it is early. [laughter] >> one of the first times we got together, we were talking about one of the issues. it was during the primary season. that was an interesting discussion. we will not go there. one of the things that sal identified was this connection between signaling and credential. i was at when he to him that we
explaining tog -- him that we were supporting an initiative kicked off by the howard schultz foundation being run by the aspen institute to enlist big employers to pull opportunity you. the same population that arne duncan refer to last night. -- referred to last night. and itthe first event was a few thousand people in chicago can do a job there with the bigger employers that were part of the effort. l, myi slain to cell -- sa colleagues there met a large number of young people who they greatt could make entry-level employees because of how they presented themselves
and what they were able to bear. but to a person, there is zero chance we would have ever interviewed them because of the resume. there's nothing to look at. said, there has to be a different way to think about credentials that high school diploma or some other kind of institutional evidence of success or completion. i agree with that. that we had an idea around is if you have a network of these kinds of employers and one of those employers, let's say it was walmart who met the young person, if they credentialed that person or designated them as someone they would pull up someone they would interview for a job, that we could look to that as a proxy for our own credential and we could enable a group of people to be in that
flow of interviews and job opportunities. i think this is an important element because the population of people disconnected from school at this point and is connected from the workforce, there has to be a path. i think that there are a number ideas that link directly to the khan academy. and maybe broader with life skills. >> khan academy has been enormously successful. you have been out this for how many years -- at this for how many years? the domain name and 10 years ago, i set up as a not-for-profit. in 2000 and i quit my former 2009, i quit my
former career. >> do you think anything you are doing is going to fundamentally change public education in k-12? if not, he have this room full of people with great minds, what do we have to do? >> it is interesting because in a lot of ways, some things have happened far faster than i would have expected. in some things not as fast. the things that have happened faster, a lot of education tech investors here. prior to do thousand 8-2009, people do not think -- 2008-2009, people do not think was -- ittional tech was a third rail of investing. it continues to grow dramatically. conversation --
education schools have been speaking about educational differentiation. and the tools are starting to exist where this is doable. learn storm, we have a large fractions of these regions doing personalized instruction in a way that would have seemed like science fiction 20 years ago. it is much more about one-on-one or small group instruction. very focused on individual students. the fact that we can engage regions in this way is incredible. -- every nightgs i think more dots get connected. the college board and the sat, it has been around for almost 100 years. the new president for the first time recognized that there is this industry of -- that levels the playing field.
they reached out to us and have seen a lot of the work we have and they said, would you be willing to do something like that for s.a.t. that makes it pretty? -- free? we have always been careful to , buthe word s.a.t. prep they wanted to work with us because we were about real learning. if you're having trouble with algebra, you can still learn it. we have been working with them on that. pastst launched in this s.a.t. issue. 60% of students who took the sat used to. we have seen a 20% reduction of test prep. evenve seen the usage was across all demographics. much higher penetration than we expected. we partnered with the boys and girls club to make sure everyone has access to it. one of the things i'm excited about its we now have
integration with the psat. if they get permission, they get khan academy bthek and they can get a diagnostic of their personal learning. we have this high fidelity think where we can say you are strong at this function concept but weak in this type of grammar and reading comprehension. we can personalize that for students. we can see how that affects them when they take the sat and further on monday go to college. further on when they go to college. a lot of what i said sounds like science-fiction. going forward, it is leveraging this with the multiple platforms and partnering with many people in this room. we willin 10-15 years have a world where if you are in
the developing world and don't have access to school or smart, you can literally self educate, plug what you know, and into meaningful careers. and if you are in the world that most of us are in, you will be able to supercharge what is going on in the classroom. instead of books that way 20 pounds and don't personalize it to you, he will have resources that allow you to get the core skills at your own pace, he will have labs and portfolios and classifying -- class time will be more human interaction. will give us more information for the people we want to work and fund and allow more people to enter the top of the pyramid. >> two things, one of the amazing leverage of all aspects of the platform is you can build upills on your own and free
class in time to engage. i see a clear, direct corollary to our business. we are try to take the administration out of our colleagues hands so they are not stuck sitting there doing administrative tasks in front of themst but ask and provide with resources to engage them emphatically with the guests. we are building a platform to take all of the administrative burden off of their plate so they can authentically engage. you can learn a lot these things on your own and when you get to class, it can be more engaged.based and the other thing, you talk about it earlier today, agency.
just having more control of your own path and growth and learning. benefits, but there is something deeply respectful of the human spirit when you do that. when you put that in someone's hands. often -- often bolsters your sub -- self-confidence. it makes a big difference from an emotional perspective in terms of high expense learning and build confidence over time. gift embeddedial in what is built. that is an emotional connection that those kids will carry with them forever. i think that enables enable -- enables amazing things in the future. both, on how important the public-private partnership is what forward and where you see learned storm
going. what are the longer-term goals? >> ireland is interesting. the precursor for lunch on started there. one of our board members is a reality tv star and island. he said that was a good idea. we want to work with districts, teachers, corporate partners to make this a nationwide growth mindset intervention. change culture around yearning -- learning. that is key to us. corporate,fit partnership is key. we are not-for-profit. philanthropy by and partnerships like this. it is not just the financial resources that allow us to build, academy -- khan academy. if we can start connecting learning to authentic career
paths and industry and things like that, that really starts to take us to where the future needs to go. experience has been inspirational and it has been a very personal one for me personally and so members -- so many members of my team. one of the reasons we have found so much meeting is because we are purpose driven. our purpose is to care for people so they can be their best. our support of learned storm -- learned storm has helped care for people -- learn storm has helped care for people. it is that the filament of our purpose. -- whatthat the sense sal described earlier, the reality on the ground with what is going on with young people
disenfranchised, it is a huge motivator. i think it is necessary for employers and enablers and tool providers as well as institutions to a line around -- a line -- align around the principle and what is the impact you want to have. you can scale impact enormously. and the impact has been super d. it is a great model -- super deep. it is a great model. >> thank you so much. we really appreciate it. [applause] >> we will continue with another panel at the education summit in just a moment. first, an update on the pricing of epipen's and that story making the rounds today. the headline from the abc news
website. senate calls for epipen maker to testify about price hike. members of the senate special committee are calling for the maker of the epipen to brief members of congress about the drafted price increase of the medication. collins sentsusan a letter to the ceo of the company asking her to ask when why the price of and at the penn hasspiked 400% -- epipen bite 400% since 2007. we are concerned that the drastic price increases could have a serious effect on the health and well-being of everyday americans. she is the daughter of democratic senator joe manchin of west virginia. the story of bloomberg politics points out that they have spent