tv Director Jonathan Jarvis Discusses National Parks Service Centennial CSPAN August 24, 2016 9:52pm-10:54pm EDT
speaker put on uniform of a seasonal interpretive ranger and went to work on the national mall. in that year the national park service was a mere 60 years old. later this month the park service turns 100, and jonathan jarvis is still wearing the uniform. he has the hat he will put on any minute. no longer a temporary employee, he is the leader of 22,000 employees who maintain the system of more than 400 national park unit across the 50 states and most territories. as the national park service enters its second century, it faces multiple challenges, balancing needs while the agency demands it do more, a 12 billion dollar maintenance backlog, cultivating a new generation of younger and more diverse park visitors and volunteers, adapting to the
effects of climate change in parks, including the loss of glaciers, coastlines, and wildlife habitats, addressing well-publicized occurrences of sexual harassment in the grand canyon and other parks, dealing with the effects of energy and other developments in proximately to the parks. in his career jarvis has worn , every hat you could wear in the park service. even though every hat at the park service looks alike. he has been a scientist, ranger, director, and now director. i would like to thank him who agreed last fall to come to my january inauguration. that was before the snowzilla that crippled washington. jarvis came to the inaugural. today we have slightly better weather. this is the first time the park service director has addressed the club. please welcome jonathan jarvis as he speaks about the 100th anniversary of the national park service. [applause]
mr. jarvis: welcome, everybody. thank you, tommy. it is great to be back in a little warmer weather than we when were here. thank you for organizing this as well, and, senator, thank you for joining us. as was mentioned this year the , national park service will be 100, and i will answer for 48 of -- i will have served for 40 of those years so i have a few , opinions about the second century. i'll start with an excerpt from "the atlantic" magazine. "the president wanted all freedom and solitude possible while in the park, so all newspaperman and other strangers were excluded. even the secret service men and his private secretary were left at gardiner. he craved to be alone with nature. he was hungry for the wild and aboriginal, a hunger that seems to come upon him and drives him on his trips to the west.
in the morning he had stated his wish to go alone into the wilderness. his detail did not quite like that idea. 'no, put me up a lunch and let me go alone. i will surely come back.' back he came, about 5:00 when he came down the path from east to the camp. he had tracked 18 miles through very rough country. he came back looking as fresh as when he had started and at night sitting before the fire related his adventures." this is john burroughs' account of traveling with teddy roosevelt in yellowstone in the spring of 1903. in 2013, almost 110 years later, i was hiking out at the same yellowstone wilderness. we were on a slope when the ground began to shake. over the hill behind us charged a stampeding herd of bison.
we jumped behind a boulder and the furry creatures passed. i had the privilege to have not only wild experiences, but put them in context. i think that if you think that if this nation decided hundred years ago that places like yellowstone could be set aside for the enjoyment of future generations, that concept that you and i can have a similar experience that teddy roosevelt had over a hundred years ago. in 1914, an independently wealthy borax mining company director observed the deteriorating condition of the national parks, and he wrote a letter to the secretary of the interior complaining about that, and the secretary responded, "if
you do not like the way the parks are being run, come to washington and run them yourself." i would imagine such challenges have launched many critical careers in washington, so to support the establishment of the national park service, mather knew if he got right people in these landscapes they would become converts. july 14, 1815, mather led them for a trip in the high sierra. the riders included writers and a publisher of a newspaper.
they had photographers, attorneys, businessmen, the california state engineer, and gilbert grosvenor, the director of the national geographic society. there was one park ranger and two chinese cooks. one was considered the best camp cook in the west. he proved that every day with meals of soups, salads, fried chicken, and hot sourdough biscuits warmed on the side of a sweaty mule that was laboring up the area we know today as sequoia and kings canyon national parks. for two weeks this group plunged into gold streams and reveled under a starlit sky. mather let the mountains do their magic, and they were swept away and bonds were formed with the land. each night around the fire they talked about observation and future of the national parks. that final bonfire night, mather said, "i should confess why i
wanted you to come, not only for your interesting company, but hope you see that significant of these and to picture what we are to do. hopefully you will take this message and spread through the land in your own style, these valleys and heights just one small part of the majesty of america." although sequoia and yellowstone and glacier and crater lake are already set aside, there are vast areas that should be preserved in the future. thinking of the grand canyon or the wonders of our territories in alaska and hawaii he said, "unless we can protect the areas currently held with a separate government agency, we may lose them through selfish interests."
entire issue of land of the best. the press coverage in that time played extraordinary and influenced congress when it came to vote to a vote in the establishment of the national park service in august 2016, 100 -- august 1916, 100 years ago. this year the national geographic society devoted every issue in august on some aspect of the parks. the media coverage of the nps centennial has been unprecedented. we are now over 8 billion media
impressions for the centennial, so thank you for all the coverage we have gotten. we cannot take the future conversation for grant. -- granted. we must magic of our parks and land to inspire and empower a new generation of conservation and history preservation. in many ways this centennial year has been a national mahter not -- mather mountain party. i asked everybody to find their national park that creates practical and our goal has been to create the next generation of visitors and advocates for the national parks and public land. if we do not in the words of my predecessor, we may lose them to selfish interests. public lands to
be developed for short-term gain. i want each of you for the moment to take a little bit of patriotic pride that our nation created this idea of national parks and today that system embodies our highest ideals, are most symbolic places, and stand as the best national park system in the world. they also tell the story to -- through place. 412 worthwhile places, places of great inspiration like the statue of liberty, faces of beauty like yosemite or the grantor times. in places like the grand canyon and the everglades. places of great ecological restoration like returning water flows to the everglades, one of the most ambitious restorations. they are places of great history by fort mchenry national historical site where the star-spangled banner inspired
francis scott key. there are also places a great public health. the father of landscape architecture, olmstead said if we pursue business lives without the occasional contemplation of nature and parks, that men and women would be prone to a class of disorders including softening of the brain, nervous excitability, monomania, irascibility.d i'm wondering if the people here need a prescription to the parks. [laughter] these were also places of social action like the steps of the lincoln memorial marian anderson
sang "my country 'tis of thee," to a crowd of thousands. and on the same steps, dr. martin luther king delivered the "i have a dream." inspiring the civil rights movement to carry on into the promised land. spot ando to that stand in the very footsteps. there are sentiments of his speak to people in different ways, and i find a connection at this closing when he called for freedom to ring from every mountainside, and repeated the line from "the land where my fathers died." these lands are national parks and public lands, like gettysburg, freedom trail, the smokies, yosemite. these are parks and public lands that the bells of freedom are calling us to come and experience that healing and transformative power of nature
and history. they are also ringing the bells of freedom and justice, respect for truth, and calling us to live us to the values our nation. the national park service is unlike any other federal agency. stewardsnot only as for the nation's landscapes, but also at keepers of its cultural memory, and recognizing the american narrative is many narratives. that is telling its story in its entirety. when i became the director in 2009 with encouragement, we recognized there are gaps in the american narrative as told by the national parks. we must recommend to the president new designations to fill those gaps. to realize the inclusiveness and equality that had been part of the american vision, if not always the reality, we needed to start from the beginning.
one summer day in 1619, issue -- a ship appeared off of what the comfort. that ship later was known as the african mayflower. by the time of the civil war point comfort had become the , union stronghold known as fort only union for to stand south of the mason-dixon line. general butler was at a command, and when slave owners demanded return of property, he refused, acting on his own. butler's reasoning was that the slaves were confederate contraband and could be confiscated by union troops. thus became known as the contraband decision, and lincoln traveled down to fort monroe to
spend the evening with butler over a brandy or two and traded their legal views. lincoln returned to d.c. inspired with his own legal theory and started to write the first draft of the emancipation proclamation. the three fugitives were the first slaves freed the civil -- during the civil war, and fort monro bookends the beginning and the end of slavery, and november 1, 2011, under the authority of the antiquities act, president obama designated fort monro as part of the national park system. during its struggle for independence, in a colonial courthouse in newcastle, delaware, this nation set itself on a course unprecedented around the world. it was here that delaware ratified the constitution, the first state to do so, and asserted under the laws of this nation, we were creating all people with unalienable rights. in march of 2013, president
obama designated first state national monument as part of the national park system. nearly 100 years after delaware ratified the constitution we were a long way from liberty and justice envisioned by the founding fathers. no one knew this better harriet -- better than harriet tubman. for 12 years and rate personal risk, she repeatedly led fugitive slaves into secret places in the tidewater region and on to safety by way of the underground railroad. in march 2003,13, president obama designated harriet tubman as part of the national park service. a generation later, charles long was a rarity at west point. he was the third african-american to attend the academy. he rose to colonel but was denied the rest -- rank of general due to discrimination. nonetheless, his distinguished career took him from the famous cavalry unit known as buffalo
soldiers to the philippine insurrection and to burial at arlington cemetery. at one point colonel young served as the superintendent of sequoia and kings canyon national parks. -- park. the buffalo soldiers looked over the national parks. in march 2013, obama designated colonel charles young national monument as part of the park system. george pullman of chicago decided in 1862 on a new business model, to build and lease fancy train cars that could be coupled to the fleet of trains across the country as we entered the 20th century. pullman staffed those cars with african-americans, because he felt they would be most subservient. he trained them, paid them a living wage, provided uniforms, and a code of conduct. while still subjects of racism,
these men developed pride in their work as porters, and emphasized education in their children and were part of the growth of the black middle class. they were organized by randolph, and resulted in the creation of labor day. randolph's organizational skills would be applied to the civil rights movement that swept the nation, including the bravery of those at little rock 9. on february 19, 2015, president obama designated pullman national monument. all of us know that the struggle for civil rights is not just limited to african-americans, but to others who have been discriminate against because of the color of this grand, the religion or their sexual orientation. 75 years ago, next year, on the ii, franklinld war eleanor roosevelt issued executive order 9066 ordering all residents of the western
united states who were of japanese ethnicity to be rounded up by the military and send to prison camps. over 120,000 people were forced to buses, leaving behind homes , businesses and most of the , repossessions. they were transported to remote locations like the owens valley california, the snake river plain of idaho, and a bug infested gulch in hawaii. they are prison for three years. and in 2015, recognizing that tragedy of racial profiling and injustice during wartime, and its relevance to today, president obama designated a national monument as part of the national park system in hawaii. from the social upheaval of the 1960's, another figure arose, chavez.
he thought for the exploited latino workers in central california dreading toward persistent racism. in october 2012, to immortalize this man's sacrifice, president obama designated cesar shop as -- chavez national monument. here in washington, a group of women determined the liberty and opportunity granted to citizens of this nation should be applied to the other 50% of the population who were female. the national women's party was drafted and helped pass hundreds of pieces of legislation that change the status of women in america. in april 2016, president obama designated the women's quality national monument in d.c. in in 1969, in greenwich village, events shaped the modern lgbtq movement.
it was at the site that new york city police conducted a raid that resulted in harassment and arrest. raids, the crowd held their ground in demanding civil rights and refused to disperse. first test expanded -- the protest expanded a group several thousand people, lasted for six days, and marked a turning point in the struggle for lgbtq rights. across the country they formed groups across major cities. in 2016, president obama designated stonewall inn as part of the national park service. -- national park system. these nine new monuments in the system represent people believe -- people who believed in the
aspirations of our country, and the places where they acted upon their faith, spirit, and convictions. their stories are part of the national park system where they will inspire future generations carry on the message that the , blessings of liberty must he -- must be defended from all threats, whether external or from within. our centennial commission to a -- amounts to a promise to america that we will keep not only sacred places, the memory of its most defining moments. a few months ago, i shared the dais with dr. sonya sanchez. she reminded us all about truth. i cannot tell the truth about anything unless i confess being a student. growing and learning something every day. the more i learn, the clearer my view of the world becomes. i invite all of you in our country to come to the national parks and gain a clearer view of the world. thank you.
[applause] >> thank you. we have a lot of questions. >> not surprising. >> thank you for not making us a national park. mr. jarvis: that is in the future. >> you talked about new designations. you talked about the challenges of maintenance backlog. added designations, the new areas, the new acres hundreds of thousands of acres , added to your portfolio, does that benefit the park service or does it become more of a challenge because you have a $12 billion backlog? mr. jarvis: we added 22 new units to the national park system since i became director.
that is but the congress answer bothdential action -- through congress and presidential action. in almost every case we have minimized our footprint. the actual amount of land or resource that we need to take care of and we have brought in, particularly through the work of the national park foundation, the on topic partners to assist with that and have been quite successful at raising funds. on one hand it does add to our overall responsibility, but i think we have been judicious in ensuring that it does not add significantly to the backlog. >> how will you tackle that backlog? we have crumbling roads and bridges, outdated electrical and sewer systems. how are you going to tackle that $12 billion backlog? mr. jarvis: let me characterize the backlog. we understand our maintenance
backlog at an excruciating level of detail. we know this down to the brick. about half of our backlog is in the transportation side. roads and bridges. that is not an easy thing to raise philanthropic money for. that is the responsibility of appropriators and we get a significant amount of funding out of the transportation bill. there is a five-year bill to address high-priority roads and bridges. the other half, about half of that are high-priority assets. these are directly related to visitor experience or of high significance value. the lincoln memorial is a nice asset, you might consider a high-priority asset. in some cases we can raise philanthropic dollars for.
all of you know we have had significant contributions from individuals to address that is -- repair those as well. need also going to steady supply of federal appropriations. we have asked congress to respond to that. we have centennial legislation before them that would give us greater flexibility with revenues such as fees and generate some new revenues. >> let's talk about the public-private partnership at some form. how do we ensure that we don't end up with the disney trail or something like that? with these partnerships, how do you avoid the situation where congress says you got private money from corporations. we don't need to give you as much.
mr. jarvis: as a young woman spoke to me earlier about the railroad industry, we have always had relationships with corporate america. from the very beginning of the national parks, it was the railroads that built most of the historic lodges. throughout my 40 years, we have had long-term relationships with corporate america without selling out, without renaming or this park brought to you by. we don't do that. we sit down with corporate america and say, what are your goals? these are our goals. these are the areas you can't go and we will not allow that. i think you should trust us that we are protecting these assets from branding and labeling. it is not the direction we are headed. what we are trying to do is modernize our philanthropic capability for the service, the
park foundation, and all of our friends that raise money. >> the second part was what if congress says you are getting money from corporate america, you don't need as much? mr. jarvis: we have defined a bright line in the sand for what philanthropic support is and what is the duty of the taxpayer through the appropriations. we feel that the basic needs of the park are the duty of appropriators. linda pretty gives us -- philanthropy gives us the margin on top of that. >> do you see a reason to raise entrance fees or fees for campgrounds or tour operators to whittle down the backlog? mr. jarvis: we have a fee
program. we raise about $220 million a year in our fee program. we have the authority to retain all of that money in the national park service. if a fee collecting park retains 80%, 20% is pulled for non-fee parks. we never want fees to be so high that they exclude some component of the american public. the parks are for everyone, not just for the rich or the elite. that was the whole point of the way we created the national parks of this country. in europe, some of our ancestors came from special places that were just for the rich. not here in the united states. we will always keep our fees low enough so they will be affordable. >> you will not say if we will see an increase in the next couple of years? mr. jarvis: we already have.
let me back up. in 2009, i put a moratorium on fee increases. i retain that moratorium until 2015. we froze fees at their current level. in 2015 i allowed the national parks across the system to consider to go to public comment for fee increases. we did allow some to increase but we will probably hold it there for a while. as you implement a deep program, e program you get pushback , from the public. it is still a great deal, but i am not planning on raising them again anytime soon. [applause] >> i always know at these moments that the general public is allowed at our luncheons. if you hear applause, it is not necessarily from the journalists. [laughter] >> i did have a question from a senior who was concerned that you might raise the golden pass.
is it still $10? mr. jarvis: yeah. i have one of these. this is a senior pass. it is $10 for life. i would say it is a little undervalued. [laughter] this price was set by congress. i don't have the authority to change it. we do have a proposal before congress to increase this pass. it will still be lifetime, but to make it equal to the america the beautiful pass, which is $80. you pay $80 once for life. that delta between $10 and $80 will generate about $35 million for us because we sell a lot of these and that would be used for the backlog. >> for most of the park years,, -- services 100
support from congress and preserving wilderness, battlefields, and other wonders are strong and bipartisan. in recent years, that's has been -- that support has unraveled. why is there a political rift? mr. jarvis: i will probably get in trouble for telling this, but when i go on the hill to meet with members of congress, there has been historically bipartisan support for the national parks. a long tradition of great support from both sides of the aisle. sometimes different priorities. when i go in to testify before a committee, there is a lot of finger-pointing and accusations made about the national parks. when i go into the office, for certain individuals they pull down the shades and get out there park pass and want me to sign it and tell me the latest trip story.
part of the issue in my estimation is there is a political agenda around that nothing in government is good. it is hard to admit. if you say this, there is an aspect of government that they actually like, which is the national parks. what we have been trying to do through the centennial is reintroduce ourselves to the american people. the ones who don't know -- don't necessarily know who we are and have that translate into support across the aisle, something that we enjoyed for much of our first 100 years. and we hope to enjoy in our second 100 years. >> i will not ask you to name those members of congress. [laughter] we talked about this before. i was planning to go to a national park later this month. what are you doing as part of the celebration to control the overcrowding we are seeing at
some national parks? mr. jarvis: we are experiencing record levels of visitation as a result of the centennial, to find your park campaign, the outreach, the media coverage. all of that. this past year, 2015, we surpassed 312 million visitors. let me put that in perspective. that is more than all of disney, more than all of national football, national baseball, national basketball, nascar combined. [applause] mr. jarvis: and we do it on the budget of the city of austin, texas. [laughter] we did fact check and that is correct. the way i view this is when the public comes to national parks, something happens.
yes, it can be somewhat overwhelming for our employees. you are deepening that connection. that connection translates into support. as a volunteer, as an advocate, there are a variety of advocacy groups out there, at the local level, support in congress. i i think there is an upside to the visitation. it also is inviting a generation that perhaps did not know about these places. our goal is not to just raise the numbers, that to increase -- but to increase the diversity of that visitation as well. >> thank you. when the centennial is over, what is in the works to try to keep this energy and excitement going past the centennial? mr. jarvis: we have had a lot of discussion about what happens when we blow out the candles
because there has been a huge push. many of my staff are like, we are through. our goal has been to connect with this next generation and inspire them. i think the next phase is empowering them to bring the concept of conservation and historic preservation back into their own communities, within their social networks, to give them the tools and the power to execute on that from what they have learned about the national parks as well. many of the initiatives that we have launched, the theme studies around the contributions of latinos and women and asian-americans pacific islanders, lgbt, will be recognizing that.
>> the new smithsonian for african americans is opening on the mall soon, is there an effort now to try to educate visitors about such milestones, the history of national parks in washington or the national -- northeast corridor? mr. jarvis: education has always been a core of our mission. we like to say come to the national parks, have a good time and learn something at the same time. and as danny would say, don't fall down, either. absolutely. in partnership with the department of education and programs that we have created where schoolteacher serve as rangers during the summer and then go back to the classroom. we have over 600 curriculum we have developed whether it is a tectonics or civil rights or endangered species. you can learn something in the
national parks. in some ways it may stick with you longer than something you learn in a classroom. >> this question is of interest to my home state of utah, but what is your thought of turning federal land over to western states? some states say they could manage the federal land better. mr. jarvis: i think we need to step back and look historically at the portfolio of how states were established and the goals of establishing the four big land management agencies. there they are the national park service, bureau of land management, national forest service, and national fish and wildlife service. the each have their own band-aids. the forest service and the blm have a multiple use mandate and they provide for energy, gravel,
timber, as well. they are already benefiting the entire american people, not just one specific state. i think we have to think very hard about retaining the public land of state and national parks as well for the benefit of all the people and not just those within one state boundary. >> do you have a specific reaction to some states who say they can manage the parks better than the federal government can? ini have a lot of friends many of them are struggling significantly financially that stateave lost a lot of legislative appropriations as well. the public land
to state is being well-managed and will continue to be best managed under the federal government. >> there were a number of high-profile cases of wild and all attacks the summer. the alligator killing a baby at disney. what message do you have for people enjoying recreation in the forest and rangers overseeing recreation involving wildlife? mr. jarvis: the thing about wildlife is that they are wild. [laughter] on one hand, we tried in the -- try in the national park service to let the public know that that bison laying down over there is not tame. it is not behind a fence and it can out run a horse. you really should not pat it on the head. there are risks in these wild places. we want the public to be educated about those risk and learn how to experience them,
which can be a fantastic , incredible experience to be in those environments but there is , a risk element and we are working hard to help educate the public about it. >> florida officials said they are investigating up to 10 cases of locally transmitted zika virus. as the summer continues, do you see a threat of the virus spreading to the point where you may have to close parks in the southern united states? mr. jarvis: we have not gotten to the point of considering closure, but we definitely feel that zika is going to be a significant problem in southern tier parks. everglades, big-ticket, these are all southern parks that have large mosquito populations. this particular species of mosquito is not a species that breeds in the water of the everglades. it is a human contact species.
we have been working with the center of disease control and prevention on information for the public and our own employees that work in the park as well. >> there is only one jamestown in america. why isn't the administration pushing back harder on transmission lines being built in the historic city of jamestown? mr. jarvis: i know whose question that was. [laughter] i am pushing back really hard on that and there are a number of people pushing back. you are right. there is only one jamestown. it should not be marred with a transmission line. >> there is oil and gas exploration in close proximity to some parks. do you think trucks used in exploration cause no harm to the
ecosystem? mr. jarvis: i don't think it causes no harm. i think there can be harmful any of that type of activity. we are we are in litigation over that right now so we cannot go into details. it is something that when we have a split state and individuals have rights to that state, -- explore that state, it puts us in a bind. >> what threat does mining pose to the park system? for example, gold and uranium exploration near the grand canyon. mr. jarvis: secretary salazar withdrew about one million acres adjacent to the grand canyon for a 20 year withdrawal for uranium mining. without getting down in the deeply, the concept of
uranium mining is you drill down and penetrate geological layers. look at the grand canyon and you can see springs and seeps. the the potential is that that ore could come out of those springs and and up in the colorado river and and up in the potable water systems of millions of people. it is a concern for us. mining of adjacent lands could have a significant effect on national parks. we spent a lot of time working with those individuals to mitigate those. >> in the west, and this is happening in maine, often local residents are hostile or against the idea of creating a new national park. for example, the northwoods park in maine. what assurances do you give local residents that this would be a benefit to them rather than
a detriment? mr. jarvis: it is interesting. if you look historically at the establishment, there is always a fight. there was a fight over the grand canyon. ultimately the president had to use the antiquities act to protect the grand canyon because there were many people opposed to the establishment early on. i , i waslook at history recently in seward alaska -- seward, alaska, those of you who were around during the alaska land act days, the city of seward pass a resolution. total opposition of a national park. recently the city council rescinded that resolution unanimously in support of the national park. if you look at estes park and seward and even forks,
washington, outside of olympic, you will see communities that have benefited economically, quality of life, the kids can find work, all of that from the establishment of the national parks adjacent. -- national parks adjacent. >> this questioner wants to know that -- from citizens who feel the revision of directors ordered 21 will over commercialized parks. can you explain what order 21 is and when the parks system will announce? mr. jarvis: it governs the relationship between private philanthropy. both corporate and individual and foundation than later. -- foundation philanthropy. and how that is recognized. i have a citizens advisory board and i commissioned them to
essentially give us a state of the art report on how to -- how philanthropy is done in this country today, how donor recognition is done, and they made a recommendation to me for a revision of director order 21 so that the park service could consider a range of options to increase the potential for philanthropy but do it in a way that is respectful of the stewardship that we have for these places. they have done so. we have taken public comment on that. we are in the process of finalizing that and we will have d.o. 21 completed and signed by by me -- by me by the end of the year. >> members of congress have criticized the park service for complaints about sexual conduct -- sexual misconduct. harassment and other unethical paper. what actions have you taken to address those concerns? mr. jarvis: most of you know
there was an inspector general report that was specific to the grand canyon river district where there was a horrible sexual harassment by our park service employees. we recognize and admit to that. there have been other cases that have emerged in a few other parks around the system. a couple things we have done. in the grand canyon, we have a new superintendent on the ground. she was a former superintendent at golden gate and will do a fantastic job of addressing life in the canyon and how they read root this out and restart the relationship of the community. service wise we have engaged in
organizationsr that have been dealing with this. specifically the department of defense that has had its own troubled history around harassment and abuse. we have learned a lot from them. tost and foremost, we need establish a baseline of understanding how prevalent this is. i don't know. we're not going to know until we survey of allted employees done with anonymity. once we establish that base mine, we can understand how to take action. we are jumping on top of any expect now of what i regarding a zero-tolerance policy of protecting the victim and zero-tolerance for this horrible component. employees that our
will be stepping up once they see that we are taking action. i expect the numbers of reported incidents to increase. casesat there are more but i think employs are now feeling more empowered to speak up and i expect that to occur not only the national park service, but within other agencies that are seen what is happening to the service and are following our lead. are their protections and have you communicated those protections for whistleblowers or people who are victims of this to make sure they can raise their concern about the person who may be stationed with them? mr. jarvis: we're in the process of establishing an anonymous hotline. it will allow individuals for who arehe situation -- caught in the situation can go around the chain and get an
immediate response. >> earlier this year, the interior department inspector faulted you for writing a book about the national parks without getting clearance because it may have been a conflict of interest . even though you were not in a fitting financially. why did you not go through the ethics officials? mr. jarvis: good question. i i have apologized to the department interior, the secretary, and my employees for that lapse in judgment. 2020 hindsight is often perfect. i would ask . -- next time. >> can you talk about the perceptible effects of climate change on any specific national parks or monuments and what, if anything, can be done to address that? mr. jarvis: i have said many
times that climate change is the most threatening aspect of the future to the national parks. we we are seeing direct effect on two specific parks. i was the superintendent at mount rainier national park and at the cascades outside of seattle. historically, if you look at climate records, it is a lot of snow. slowest -- snowiest places in the lower 48. usually snow in the fall and praying in the spring. the rain would come down on the snow and soak it up and let it out through the spring. it has shifted to snow starts and converts to rain in the fall. you get rain on snow in the fall. you don't have enough snowpack to absorb it and it creates a flood. we had about $35 million worth of damage in one event in the fall at mount rainier, just sweeping down one of the river
valleys and wiping out a campground that had been there for 100 years. glaciers disappearing in glacier national park. predictions are they will be gone in a couple of decades. fires burning a month longer on either end of the season. much hotter. firee seeing post situations with vegetation not coming back in the same way, species moving up the mountain to stay cooler. we are seeing effects across the system. >> if you had a magic wand or a magic hat, whatever it may be, what would you ask for? rangers, scientists, money? what what would you ask for? mr. jarvis: i would ask for public support. i think all of those things that
you mentioned come from public support. i want the public to love their national parks. i want them to see their national parks and feel that their story is represented in the national parks. if they feel that in a deep way, that will translate into funding and support for our mission to be accomplished. >> thank you, sir. before the final question, i have a few announcements. the national press club is the leading organization for journalists and we fight for free press worldwide. for more information, visit our website. i would like to remind you about upcoming programs. on thursday, we will hold its annual awards journal. on august 14, michael york will address the club. i would like to announce our guests for the international press club month.
[applause] i will give you two options for the last questions because one of them is a tough one. i will ask you to name your favorite national park or, you have been with the park service 40 years. if not announce your favorite park, what was your scariest moment at a national park? mr. jarvis: i love all my children, so i can't name my favorite. [laughter] i will tell you a great scary moment. i worked in alaska. if you have seen those pictures with the bears and the waterfalls, there are only two places in alaska you can go to see that and one of them is brooks falls. it was late in
september. i was above the falls in the river flyfishing, which i like to do. i had a fish on and one of the gigantic coastal brown bears jumped out of the bushes onto my fish and i snapped my line off and that there took a very strong interest in me. [laughter] hours it the next two , was probably never more than about 15 feet from the bear, who follow me through the woods. i crossed thee stream three or four times. i wound up swimming across the bear of the lake and the swam right behind me the whole way. [laughter] i finally got to my cabin, which
was hard sided, fortunately, and crashed through the door. my brother was sitting in front of the fire reading a book, of course, and he said, completely soaking wet and out of breath, he said, what happened? i said, come here. look out there. the bear was standing on the porch. [laughter] [applause] >> thank you, director jarvis, for being here. thank you all for being here. thanks to the staff of the national press club. we are adjourned. [applause] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015]
>> coming up on c-span, donald trump and cap of florida. in cap a, florida. followed by the global silicon valley summit. then followed by the national park service 100 anniversary. thursday is the 100 anniversary of the national park service. to mark the occasion, president this area inted maine as the national monument. here is the video the white house tweeted out. >> hello, everybody. ♪
♪ congressl members of also celebrated the anniversary of the national park service on twitter. this tweet from niki tsongas of massachusetts. head out and find your part. celebrate with free admission to all parts. some great ones around massachusetts and new england. emoji twitter has rated for people using the #nps
100. the senator from montana with this tweet and join yellowstone national park. glacier park tomorrow. celebrating national parks centennial. and representative john duncan of tennessee took the opportunity to share the article abouthe citizens times tennessee cities calling for $232 million in repairs to the great smoky mountains. the national park that divides tennessee and north carolina. thursday evening, american history tv will be marking the 100th anniversary of the national park service at 7:00 p.m. eastern. that is on c-span three. we will be live at the robert e lee memorial to consider patch paststewardship and new -- park stewardship and new challenges.
>> book tv on c-span2. 38 hours of non-fiction books and offers all we can. -- 48 hours of nonfiction books and authors all weekend. the presidential candidate donald trump. and cultures latest book -- anne coulter's notebook. argument that democrats and republicans should support him. i think he's a genuine patriot. genuinely loves the country. i think he looks around and saw so many things going wrong that he can fix. saide opening speech, he something to the effect of, if we don't stop this now, it is going to be too late. on sunday at 7:30 p.m. 'sstern, urban radio networks discusses