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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  August 26, 2016 10:00pm-12:01am EDT

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change in policy on the issue of immigration. the reason is this is because this was his this issue has been out of control for some many years that when he stepped into the proper front and said he was finally going to get this under control, this is what basically attracted me to donald trump. i think one problem is that he is starting to surround himself with too many people from the establishment. if he is not careful, i will stay home. if he changes his policy and is not followed through on building that wall and deporting the people here illegally, i will not vote for the first time. this is very important that he sticks to this. i know a lot of people who are
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very enraged by this change. i'm hoping when he gets feedback from his supporters he will turn around and follow through on what he promised us to get elected. him elected in the primary. guest: i like it that you are speaking out. you raise a couple of things. immigrationabout first. seen is that he is a work in progress, and that he is trying to define his policy. he has not yet delineated the policy. the talk this week was delayed. what i see is that he delayed it because he wanted to get more information. he was at eight tom hall -- he and asked town hall for feedback. it seems to me that he is doing what i want a leader to do,
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which is going out and getting information and talking and listening to people. he can listen to what you have to say. change as seen any far as the wall. know everybody is analyzing every word he said about it. i don't know what is in his heart or mind. i personally think that the wall is set. he also talked about deporting jails,minals in our sending them back to their home countries as a done deal. is, this is so complex and issue, is harry reid and nancy pelosi and president obama wanted to fix it or could fix it, they had two years to do it with the control of the house, the senate and the president he. it is a very -- the presidency. it is a very complex issue. keep speaking out and let him
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know what you think. i like it that he is listening checking.e is still the other thing that you raised is the establishment that you are worried about the establishment people coming on. i like it that you said that, because, one of the things that i personally like about him is that he is very disruptive to the republican party, and i like that. , that'shave changed when we have change sometimes we have chaos long we have change. i see that as a positive. host: her comments are reflective of the wall street journal headline. donald trump's mixed signals on immigration on the campaign. silver spring, maryland. caller: hillary is personal for me.
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i am 69 and legally blind. my wife who was an extreme liberal, as soon as the clintons got into office she gave me an ultimatum, either the marriage or rush limbaugh. i picked rush limbaugh and she dumped me. rush said on his show many times that hillary will remind every man who has been through a divorce with the way she screams and yells, she does remind me of my former wife, who i cannot stand. that youm glad apparently got custody of c-span as well, or joint custody as well. host: a new ad that came up by the clinton campaign focusing on some of the things that donald trump has said, and families reaction.
tv-commercial
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here's what it looks like. clip] go --n help them to himself. when mexico since its people, they are bringing drugs, crime, they are rate this. you could see there was blood coming out of her eyes, coming out of her wherever. >> our children and grandchildren will look accurate this time at the choices we are about to make. the goals people strive for, the principles we will live by. we need to make sure that they can be proud of us. i'm hillary clinton and i
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approve this message. host: what did you think? this is a little reworking of the spot that has been running since july, they tacked on the hillary, at the end. promisesherry pick from any candidate and string them together and make them look. if we want to take hillary parking and some of her comments and string them along, we can do the same thing with her. vote trump does have a spot to answer this spot going on. looking at theo deeds, not the words. this is a state of politics today. every time a candidate missteps or says something, that becomes the thing that will go into the spot and get played over and over again out of hours and hours of comments, rallies,
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speeches, etc.. politicians and people who run for office must have different dna than the rest of us to be willing to do this. i'm in all of all of them on all sides, that they are willing to do it. fishers, indiana on the democrats line. caller: hello. i heard her talk about hillary. i am having a problem with trumps ethics. not paying contractors, his investment. i don't really see the comparison. i never knew a democrat to take away rights. i have seen republicans take away rights and want to take away rights. whisking women's rights -- risking women's right is severe. cap -- this is beyond me to hear
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this. i am voting for keeping rights. guest: i don't see what rights mr. trump is trying to take away when he talks about bringing jobs to the country, bringing jobs for women. one of our former co-chairs worked for mr. trump back in the 1980's, and has known him for many, many years. she told us that the issue with the subcontractors was that he had a problem and they had not done the job, and he wasn't paying them until they finished the job. it's not that he just refused to pay a bill. back to people who work for him, they have wonderful things to say. -- you tough about the democrats and republicans taking away rights? itt is a big discussion, but seems to me that it is the
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democrats who are trying to limit using big government as the weapon. the other thing that you you don't think that his ethics compared to mrs. clinton's. i can't see how you can even begin to compare whether he paid a contractor or not with the fact that the woman had a server that was not secure and was in exposing herries, and her e-mails to potential enemies of this country. how is that not one of the worst things that you can do? host: florida, good morning to donald. good morning c-span and good morning to your guests. i have not seen any plan that donald trump has had put out
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except make it great, trust me and i am going to do it. he really hasn't given a plan on anything he will do. remarks and comments that he has made, these are things that came out of his , from recordings of him saying things. it's not like somebody is putting words in his mouth. he is a racist. dollars .0 policy specifics, is this something you would like more from the campaign? i understand why, he is not professional politician. he has not had the same briefings, people sitting down and talking with him. he is starting from scratch and is working his way through it.
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that he ise listening and trying to form a policy, instead of telling us what we should accept from him. i would like to see some more specifics. as we move into debate time, he will have to be more specific been. specific then. i don't understand this charge of misogyny and racism. what has he done to put women down? what has he done to keep women down? what has he done that is racist? that is why i am offended when sayle say that when people that i am for him. meet deeply wounding four
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for you to call us racist because we support donald trump. host: your online at women vote >> c-span's washington journal flight everyday with news and policy issues that impact you. coming up on saturday morning, brookings institution senior fellow looks at turkey's role in the fight against isis on the border. in the competitions that arise, syrian turks. in miami carol reporter -- herald reporter on the recent move by the obama ministration to transfer 15 detainees out of guantanamo bay. and administration's plans. c-span washington journal beginning at seven talk eastern on saturday morning. -- 7:00 eastern on saturday morning. join the discussion. 2016,cent -- for campaign
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road to the white house. >> we need serious leadership. >> we will make america great again. ahead, live coverage of the presidential and buys presidential debates on c-span, the c-span radio app, c-span.org. monday, september 26, the first presidential debate. then on tuesday, october 4, as presidential candidates -- vice presidential candidate debate. on sunday, october 9, washington university in st. louis post the second presidential debate. leading up to the final debate between hillary clinton and donald trump taking place at the university of nevada las vegas. live coverage of the presidential and vice presidential debates on c-span. listen live on the radio app or watch any time on c-span.org.
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the c-span radio app makes it easy to continue to follow the 2016 election or ever you are. it is free to download from the apple app store or google play. audio coverage and up-to-the-minute schedule information for c-span radio and c-span television plus podcast times. stay up-to-date on all the election coverage. c-span's radio app means you always have c-span on the go. now that the 2016 summer olympics have concluded, a panel at george washington university looks at the cost of the games and the effect on public safety, infrastructure, and bristling politics. it was hosted by the -- brazilian politics. it was hosted by the brazil initiative. this is one hour and 15 minutes.
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>> thanks for coming to the brazil initiative at the elliott school of international affairs here at george washington university. i know it's, you know, dog days of summer and we're all going to orientations and receptions and so forth. but i think that for many of us that were mesmerized by the summer games in rio we want a , little bit more. so we're here today, to have a conversation, to talk a little bit about the rio de janeiro summer olympic games, what they mean and how they represent some sort of historical trajectory for the olympic movement. i want to welcome everybody here, to the elliott school and also i want to welcome the viewers of c-span to this event here at the elliott school of
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international affairs. my name is mark longevin, the director of the brazil initiative. a researcher here at the elliott school. very excited to play a part in building opportunities for students and faculty to learn more about brazil, examine brazil and even attempt to explain brazil, if that's at all possible. and today, i'm very excited. excited for the olympic's. i love rio de janeiro. and it's very exciting here today to have professor lisa naroti from the business school to talk about the rio summer games. but before i introduce her, i want to mention that for many of us that love sports, love the olympics, love brazil, and love you, it was a little bit disappointing to see a lot of
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the national/international media, really malign the efforts of the rio olympic committee and the city of rio build these olympics. i know my students and i are in rio in june. we had a fabulous time. when we left rio, we had no doubts that the biggest party on earth would be in rio and people would be very happy. and what we've seen is an olympic games held by the first developing democratic nation state in the world. i think that is something that some of the journalists lost track of. but i think we can correct that, at least today with our conversation. obviously we've heard about some of the problems in rio, which you can see very easy, because it's an open society and it's a beautiful place to walk around. so you can see some of the pollution in guanavara bay, and you can see the bottlenecks in the transportation system. and some of the poor housing in favelas asliss --
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well. but some of us who have travelled to rio or lived there in the past decades, what we've seen is a city under great transformation, that we're going to learn more about today from lisa. and it's stunning, the transformation for those of us that have been around rio and enjoyed it for decades. i'm very interested in learning more about the details of this trestman eischen -- transformation galvanized by the 2016 olympiad. also, personally inspired by the efforts of the population of rio, including raffaella sill va who is a resident of the ciudad de deus. coming out of difficult
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conditions to be the number one athlete in the sport is a credit to what has happened throughout result throughout the decades to the conditions for brazilians to develop their individual talents. so we're here to learn more about that and i want to turn it over to dr. lisa delphi naroti. master of tourism information program. associate professor of sport management and the author of numerous books and articles on sports management politics vounting the olympic movement. one just published last year. i would love to read a book on the politics of the rio games so maybe lisa can make that happen as well. or we can help her make that happen. i believe dr. naroti just stepped off the plane yesterday
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from rio so we can get a very fresh perspective from her. and very happy that she's agreed to join us today for this conversation. she's going to talk for about 45 minutes, share some information. and some visual images to help us understand the transformation of rio and the olympics. and and then after the 45 minutes we'll open it up to questions comments -- questions and comments. thank you. >> thank you very much, mark for the opportunity to be here today and to share my insights and experiences, having been just three weeks in rio de janeiro for the olympic games. i arrived july 28th, and we had some research to do, leading up to the games for the international olympic committee to see what was actually delivered versus what was promised. and then during the games, we were also looking at the utilization of all the different spaces. in addition to that i had, we
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were with 30 gw students, doing this research and we were also on a lecture series as well. meeting with everyone from ioc members down to volunteers and really understanding how the management and marketing of the games had the opportunity these were my 18th consecutive olympic games, winter/summer and the 14th time that i brought gw students to go behind the scenes and better understand both the positives, negatives, all the social, political economic , impacts of this major event. and it really recently cnn did a, a piece summarizing the brazil games and they said that the olympics still have meaning in the world. you look at kind of the recap of the challenges, the wins and the losses and the sportsmanship and there's, the positives outweigh
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the negatives. we all heard about the lead-up of the doping scandal in russia and some of those challenges. the olympic movement still has to overcome. many of you i'm sure critics of the olympic movement about how much money it cost to host, and i must say that the research that we're doing, is aligned with the agenda 2020 of the international olympic committee about how can we reduce the scope and make the games more manageable, but keep them as special as they are. for any of you who have not had an opportunity to attend the games. it's hard to explain the magic that happens in a city once the games begin. i know many of you felt that the rio had overly harsh criticism. i can tell you, every elliptic games i have been you -- been
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to, the lead up his london had negative. it, terrorism was going to hit. it was going to be a police state. why would anybody go and see these games? it turned out wonderful. sochi, gw almost didn't let us go because of the terrorism threat. and i can tell you that's one of the best managed game. i'm not talking about the politics behind it or money spent. but in terms of the experience from a spectator, they were brilliant. it was the same thing, i kept trying to tell everybody. i've been to brazil a number of times in the summer, our summer. you don't see mosquitos, don't be so scared about zika. i know it is a serious thing. all these other, hyperbole that came about. let's get into it and hear how the olympic games impacted brazil and the opportunities moving forward. so the presentation is did rio win, scoring the 2016 summer
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olympic games. unlike many other summer olympic games starting in 2000, they had this monstrous olympic park that all the venue were in one place. rio decided to spread it out amongst the four areas of rio de genaro -- rio de janeiro. and you have barra, which is the new area, where the city is growing. it is a suburb. more wealthy. you had diadoro, a suburb that is underprivileged. and they had built some venues there for the pan-am games and they said, let's expand on the pan-am games, use what was there for the pan-am games and embellish it for the olympics. and they felt that since diadara, it would be the second largest park in brazil, since it
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had no green spaces. and it would add to the otherwise impoverished area. have the machana, i have pictures of how the mayor of rio took that area under his wing and redeveloped the whole area. and then you have the picturesque copacabana area. which i'm sure you saw all the shots from beach volleyball and the marathon and triathlon and it was just brilliant. so let's look at the olympic budget because i know everybody's heard sochi was $50 billion and you know, london was -- beijing was 40 billion, sochi at 50 billion. london, was 12 billion and these figures are, are accurate. but in sochi, if you really look at the figures. half of that was graph and they
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also built a new town. new railroad systems, new hotels, that was the whole picture. it wasn't just the organizing committee. the organizing committee was about so you have to put it all $3 billion. into context. i wanted to start off with this, so the rio 2016 organizing committee wujt was about 2.25 it was 100% privately funded. so billion. so the organization of the games is funded through tv rights, sponsorship ticket , sales, merchandise and all that money goes to the organizing committee. and it's from the international sponsors which are the likes of coca-cola, visa, panasonic to the local sponsors, which is brodesco, amritel, some of the local companies. then you have about 2.15 billion, which is 65% private and the matrix of responsibility
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is here. is the first one is just putting on the games. and the second one is including the construction of venues that would not be needed in brazil if they didn't host the olympic games. so building the velodrome. in in the initial bid they were going to use old velodrome. when i first went there, when they first won the bid, i was like -- i think they just put this in saying they're going to use the old one because there was no way it was still going to be up to the standards that a velodrome needs. they ended up tearing that one down and building a new one which added to the costs. building venues and infrastructure that related to deal with the games. billion which6.25 are legacy projects.
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that was the line for the metro. that was improving some treatment plants, that was other infrastructure, the poor area. those are projects that government leaders, citizens wanted. but maybe they weren't going to be done unless they had the olympic games. because they need to put a timeline on it. we have to have these this done for the olympic games, let's move it as you know, the line 4 opened four days before the opening of the olympic games and i was one of the first riders on that. it was exciting. and then it was closed to people with credentials at first and then first day of the games, we were on a packed train and it was just so exciting to hear all the local people when they came out of the tunnel and they were in barra, they were like wow, there was a big gasp. and i was looking around saying you know, this is not about the olympics.
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this is about the local people and how excited they were. for now having mass transport, from one side of their city to the other. before it was just constructing, mass traffic jams and we could look around and see everybody in the traffic jam and here we were on this special train that barra.ed us to borrow -- so that is the legacy part. and when you look at these big numbers at the olympic games, always ask the question -- what is the real figure needed just to put on the olympic games, what are the figure for those sports venues, and then what's the legacy part? i say let's amortize, the 6.25 billion over 30 to 70 years. how long it that much are going to be in place? how long is that sewer treatment plant going to be there? how long are those new improvements
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going to be existing? then when you look at the overall cost of the olympics, it brings it down a bit. when you also look at would that $3 billion to $5 billion of private money have come to rio if they didn't hold the olympic games. everybody says we should have built the $3 billion to $5 billion on schools. well you don't have the money if you don't have the games. it's like building a stadium. people say you know, $500 million should be put towards libraries. well the $500 million doing the national parks has been repaid and the city is still gathering tax dollars. there's a lot of misunderstanding about sports venues and events that i think need to be clarified. so really, the organizers of a
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rio 2016 had a vision. and they really saw these games as games of transformation. let's discuss how that goes further. they wanted to be a responsible event with no white elements, they ended up with the velodrome , it is a white elephant, the plan is right now, there should be no other white elephants beside the velodrome. if everything goes correctly, the velodrome should be part of a south american training center, it will be owned by the federal government and run by the olympic committee of brazil. right now there's no olympic training center in brazil and south america. honestly, most south americans, latin americans pay and come train at the u.s. olympic training center in colorado springs. u.s. olympic committee makes
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money off of other athletes coming to our training center. it would be good if they implemented the plans, and one of my students i also teach in the international olympic committee masters program. one of my students is the architect that has all the plans of reconfiguring the olympic park into the training center. so the plans are there. the the issue now is there money to make it into this training center and sustain it. that's where we're waiting to see. so they use a numb of existing -- number of existing venues. now the mary lenk aquatic center, i'm sure some of you only recognize that as the green pool. i've been to that pool five times in the last four years, it's always been perfectly
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pristine. know, there was a mistake, somebody poured the wrong toxins into the pool. it was an unfortunate mistake. and it's a nice venue, it was there for the pan-am games, it's going to continue. there was nothing wrong with the pool per se. it was a human error, they put the wrong chemicals in. so again it's going to stay, it's going to be used. then we had all of these rio centro is the convention center, the brazil convention center for the world cup. the convention center was the main press enter. for these games, they were used for competition venues. and then you have lago stadium for copacabana. these were all existing venues that needed the olympic overlay. you put the look of the games, you put extra staging around it. you add lights, et cetera to
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make it up to olympic standards, then they had new venues. billion, that has gone over budget. but the golf course is the first public off course in rio. they had two private golf courses, but no public golf courses, this is a legacy, they have a first tee that's starting so kids from the favelas and other places can learn golf. and what i have heard over and over, it's inspirational, i guess they see golf as something, a wealthy sport and for them to put a golf club in their hand gives them hope. gives them something to strive for. i heard that we did a number of visits to the favelas through nonprofits there, ngos, who are organizing these sports-related programs for youth in the
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favelas. i want to talk a little bit more about these venues. part of the olympic park is going to be return to the developer, who put up most of the money to build the park. that was a public/private partnership. and again, i don't think this was explained well in the media. so the government didn't put up all this money. they outsourced it to a private contracting company in exchange for them putting developing this park. they then get a piece of it back to build up residential. now with the economy, maybe that developer is out a lot of money now because i'm not sure if the economy is going to support the development. but that's the plan. that part of it was going to turn into an olympic training center and the other half was going to be a residential zone that has a nice
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park area. then we have post use and reuse. arenas been here, future , future arena, is supposed to be divided into four different schools. so another slide i'll show you that the construction of the tennis facility was temporary. the future arena was temporary. the swim pools were temporary. they already have identified areas where these venues are going. so for swimming they're dividing that up. there was both the water polo and the swim venue and those are going to be to different states in brazil. so it's not going to be staying
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because they already have the mary lenk swim complex. is so i think the rio '16 organizers did a great job of identifying what was needed in their olympic training center and what venues they didn't need and moved those outs. the three arenas are going to stay. they're strong, you saw that brazil had a gymnast and you know they've never had any place to train. i was there when they had to, they used to train in the bottom of the velodrome. when the velodrome got destroyed to build the new velodrome. the gymnasts had to go find other places to train. now they're going to take over one of these arenas. they're strong in judo and the martial arts, so that's going to be used in the arenas. the golf course i mentioned before, it will be both for tourism and for public use. diadoro park, is becoming one of
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the largest recreation parks. we hope they will have money to maintain the park and that it will not do. . -- deteriorate. economic boost. we've all heard you know, visitors and honestly, 80% of the spectators that come to an olympic games are locals or nationals. the 20% are international visitors. i don't think the tourism dollar to dollar is going to pay off the olympic games. but if you look at the economic impact of small companies and individuals, it does make a difference in their life. so 90 small companies will supply 552 orders, about $700 million, estimated revenue for small companies and then there
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are about 2,000 companies that were registered to be supplies. but i want to give you this example. for the u.s. house alone, so the usa house is one of about 50 countries that have houses. ours was quite significant. it's in sao paulo. run byok over the school nuns. in fact the nuns were still living above the usa house. and and it was from an event management perspective which i also teach. it was just amazing to see how run-down school could be turned into a beautiful hospitality area. and that took a lot of work. they hired 700 brazilians, we're not going to talk about money and how much it cost. but they hired 700 brazilians starting in december to come in, paint, do carpentry, do seamstress, they
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had curtains hiding the upper level. wood workers, movers, flowers, security. so that was 700 brazilians employed by the u.s. olympic committee. during the games there were 48 hired to work at the store. they they went through a hiring agency and then 125 employed by the caterers. i think they had more caterers running around than they had guests, because we could identify them and our students were volunteered at the usa house, so we were very in tune with what was going on there. that about 300 people a day. it was open from 11:00 to 1:00 in the morning. there was a lot of money being spent there all the food you could imagine. rio negocio is an economic
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development organization, they focused on the world cup and the olympic games, trying to drive business into rio de janeiro around these mega-events. and this is what the estimates they provided was $2.25 billion in investments by national and international companies. they were looking at how to bring in foreign companies into rio. 66 projects, monitored by the municipality agency. 16,000 new jobs is what they estimate. so tourism. for five years i've been traveling down to rio. well i must say my first trip to brazil was in 1988 as a tourist. and so i, i've seen it in 1988 and i can tell you that it's come a long way. and i just see it continuing to
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improve and the olympic games have given it that kind of extra boost to keep it going. but in 2011 i took 28 grad students down and the hotel costs were outrageous, we were paying about $300 for a double room. we actually had to move hotels in the middle of our stay. they didn't have enough room in one hotel and we had to move to another hotel. they just did not have the capacity. premium, itre at a keeps people away. the average daily rate in rio was the highest of the world for hotels for a wild. now that they've added nice hotels, a lot of room nights. the costs are going to come down. some people are going to suffer for a wild. but overall it's going to attract tourists, because it's going to be more affordable.
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and also what the tourism industry people are saying from rio, is that the argentines prefer to be in barra. and they're a nicer suburb and so they can move the argentines from coming to copa and ipanema and out to barra and fill up those hotel rooms and bring in more of the m.i.c.e. groups, meetings, conventions, incentives and events to the copa and ipenema places. so the that is their plan. the individual tourists, move them out to barra, they have the golf course, they've got other tourism projects developing and they can put more of the meetings and businesses down in the center. i'm still a little leery. the convention center is out in barra. it is not so accessible. well now it's accessible by the
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metro and by the b, bus rapid transit. so it would be accessible by metro. and then this renovation of the port area. for years, nobody would go down there. it was funny, all the brazilians, we had a gw alumni reception and you can imagine gw alums have done quite well down in brazil. some of them said i have never touched foot in the downtown area or the poor area until the last two weeks. nobody would go down there. now they've put, they built a tunnel, they recaptured the land that's on the waterfront and i'll show you what it looks like now. beautiful murals, put up the warehouses, this is where the cruise ships come into, so the nba was staying on a cruise ship. you may have seen or heard about
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them hanging out. and a house was here. there is an aquarium that didn't quite get open for the olympic games. they're planning to open it now. fish are there but they are in incubation. so it looks like a beautiful place. the concern here is there's no housing yet. so they're putting up offices, they're putting up retail restaurants, and some of these , warehouses that they have like casa brazil is there. those are those are going to turn into terminals for the ships. right now, they don't have any proper term. and so now they're having proper terminal space where passengers can check in, check out and have a nicer expense. instead of coming off into a sketchy part of brazil. it's a beautiful place now. so again this was the mayor's
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project. it was a live site, an olympic live site. and you know, the readings that i had down there was this is where all the brazilians were going, this he were so excited to have a new place that they've never been. so there was a lot of activities down there. so the live site, the new port area and barra were the two big hugs. hubs. thing large capacity, , 2009, public trust but with 60%. seven years later, 63%. so it's the same legacy i saw in athens. i must admit that athens olympic games were probably the least productive except for the mass transit that they put in a metro that was desperately needed. and and that legacy continues. and it was because of the
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olympic games that that, it move them to add that metro. so it's very similar here. that that now and we've heard it from numerous people like in our taxi cabs and things they were talking about how it's reduced their commute by you know, an hour. before they just had these, they called them portuguese buses. so i remember when i went down there, when the games had these small packed buses. people running around result causing traffic. now they have these bus rapid transit. so with designated lanes for the buses, very nice, like a metro. i always felt brazil was one of the leaders in environment in terms of their cars and they just continued the green operations throughout the olympic games, the three pillars
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of the electric. sports, culture and environment. and so they try to incorporate some environmental aspects throughout their operations. we've all heard a lot about quanabara bay and the pollution that's in the day. -- bay. 2007-2014, they had an expansion of the sewer collection and treatment network they put pipes from the favelas to treatment plants, you cannot in seven years correct what has been happening for you know, 100 years. i think even though the organizing committee had expectations of reaching 80% cleanup, they did reach 50% cleanup. this has been identified by
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greenpeace and others that they did make progress. they weren't able to make as much progress as they had hoped. for me i think something is better than nothing. and it's also with all the attention that the bay has received it's also inspired and , given the public the will to continue the cleanup. let's just hope that happens. however, one of our alums, who worked for world west bank now has her own ngo down in brazil was on an environmental task force where $750 million came in from a conglomerate of japanese companies to clean up the bay. and idb was the managing organization. and with all world bank idb groups, they always have to identify stakeholders, they identified stakeholders in
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favelas because they said they are the ones who dump the trash. the problem is, that the stakeholders live far away from the bay, they don't smell it, they don't see it they aren't involved with ebay -- bay. and so when they started identifying priorities, they said oh, disease, and poverty their priorities. and that money ended up not going to clean up the bay, but going to other things that it wasn't designed for. she was frustrated. because she said i get the whole process of why stakeholders have to be identified but you have to , have the right stakeholders, and they thought they identified the right stakeholders, but in the end, it wasn't. in the end she said the $750 million basically vanished and did not help the bay any. so we still have to work through things like that and we've seen waste.
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it is not unique to brazil. it happens all throughout the world. beyond what you read about in the newspapers, about the costs of the games and there's so many social contributions and this is an area that i am very passionate about. you look at each of the olympic sponsors, they go above and beyond. they are required. but they pay anywhere from $100 to $500 million to be an olympic sponsor. on top of that then they pay for , hotels, they pay for tickets, they pay for the transportation. they pay for additional advertising. they also pay for social programs in communities. this happens at every olympic games. and omega, they spent an additional i think it was $10 million to $20 million on these
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12 projects within the rio favela. and they did 12 leading, it was like a countdown and they opened and cleaned up different educational centers throughout the community. they also had a photographic competition where they asked kids from the favela. they gave them cameras and equipment to photograph sports in favelas, and those pictures were seen throughout the olympic venues. coca-cola has a collectivo program that's been going on for years. they train young people from the favelas how to work cash registers, how to work stores where coca-cola is sold like gas stations. and they have trained 4,000 people thus far, the employment rate, i think they increased the employment about 18%. but they employed 2,000 of those
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4,000 that they trained, they hired 2,000 of them to work hospitality or concessions during deal at the games. -- olympic games. so those people had hands-on experience, they had the training and they had the hands-on experience and they're working with them to get them employed. nissan was another olympic sponsor. they have a nissan institute. they just built a big automobile plant in southern brazil. they have an institute in rio. they partnered with a local ngo in kaiji, which is one of the poorest favelas they say to support educational programs over five years impacting 6,000 lives. so some of the programs, it was the same thing for fee for. -- fifa. you would think they had seven
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years to plan and get going but they didn't particularly start right around the major event and then continue. i was there for world cup and i went back and saw some of the world cup legacies. to see if those programs were still going and fortunately they were. nike is one of the biggest supporters. ge, they have a big research center in brazil. they also spend additional money on supporting the brazil kayak team with, doing all of their data analytics. before they were rudimentary, they would put a compass up and see how they were tilting. here ge used their scientists to outfit and work with their coaches and said what do you need? what kind of data do you need? and the design, all this fancy analytics for the team. the team just missed bronze, but that's ok. all the national houses, also
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contributed to the renovations of schools and all share more information about that. this is one of our alums who went on a visit to fight for la.ce in the faveal these kids come to a center and learn martial arts, everything from boxing to jujitsu to judo. and now with the gold medalist it's even more inspiration. then throughout the city, there's 22 olympic villages they're called and nike is supporting all of those. they are close to schools but they are open to the community. it's dual function, the school kids can use it for physical education and activities. it is also open to the public to have used. i was able to visit a couple of those.
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when nike invests in something, they do it well. and then there's another program called transforma. it is sponsored by nike and also baro american states and is focused on education. 5 million students. they are using sports for motivating, inspiring, teaching leadership and other characteristics that sports offers to keep them interested in school. to keep them motivated. as well as healthy. brazil has a sedentary life. active liker really the people on the beach. or your pretty sedentary. so it is great that they increased interest of physical activity. so here's some examples of national house's contribution,
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holland house had a bunch of bicycles that their staff used. denmark did the same thing because denmark is known for bikes. they were giving away all those bikes. this was house was built on an the swissll field -- house was built on an old baseball field and so once they dismantled the swiss house, they are modernizing the baseball field and returning it back to the city. qatar took over this beautiful old interestingly catholic school. and completely redid it. and are turning it back over it's going to be a bilingual public school after the games. the belgium house, this is really interesting, got an invitation to come here. i didn't know where it was, all of a sudden we're going up to a
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favela.favela. they rented out favela.favela. they rented out one of these new private small hotels that were built in a favela and they said we know that the u.s. would never put their hospitality house in a novella. but we felt we would like to do that and contribute back to the community. the u.s. olympic training center in addition to having a hospitality house, u.s. also spends money on taking over a university or a club because we have almost 600 athletes, if we tried to get practice space for all of our athletes, trying to squeeze our athletes in squeeze our athletes in with the other 200 countries it would be really hard so u.s. olympic committee identifies other places to practice separately. and they always go into a place and completely renovated. they have new track, new football page. they really contribute back to
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the local venue. all of them had upgrades to their telecommunications, internet access, etc.. grading the olympics. yourally depends on the -- expectations and where you come from. ioc was doing research, games time research. all the brazilians and south americans were rating it fours and fives. they thought it was great. you look at the americans and europeans and their like, it's good. it's pretty. it's fine. but we are a little lower on our grading scale. and it is just basically to the south americans having security at all going into gates and having formal lines and having everything look nice, that was
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high standard. all the transportation flowed nicely. americans, the security was not as tight as were normally used to. i think some people were a little like, i just got there with my water bottle. personally i thought it was more enjoyable than london where i was asked for my ticket. i felt like i was going into jail or something. i would stop every two seconds moving and it wasn't that enjoyable. here, i felt it was safe enough. i did not feel too intruded. it,, you have to look at was a budget concerns or just culture? fromlso look at grading it are you working the games or as
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a spectator? do you mind waiting in line for a hot dog? they didn't have hot dogs. they had oily pizza. americans, they typically don't have concessions anyway. this is something new. north americans don't typically have to buy tickets and finger to another line and get your food. for us, we had two lines. other people are just fine. i think it is a call to a difference. because the linkage barriers, we can understand so it was frustrating. you think you are standing and one line and you get to the front and they are like, where is your ticket? the signage was very poor. and i must say from game start to the finish by the end great
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signage. unfortunately, it came a little late, but they continued to improve. that's what i think was the spirit of the brazilians. they did not give up. they kept listening to suggestions. we need a sign here. we need to speed up the line. what they did instead of having just one line with the cash register, by day four of the games they actually had portable cash registers and they were going up and down the lines and asking people for their order, printing out their receipts and letting them go to the other line. so the spirit of the people working the games i thought was tremendous and they never gave up. they kept thinking how can we make this better? how can we make this better?
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we hear the feedback. let's change things up. they ended up having more people at the metro station explaining things. one of my big frustrations was swimming got over at 12:30 1:00. metro" people were coming off : 30. the bus rapid transit system being dumped out and they were very strict. we didn't know there were buses waiting to take people into town because language and communication was not great. we had to find taxes. it was great for those people. they made a bundle. then they started making announcements in english on the buses going out saying everybody be aware, our transportation closes that tough: 30. there is other transportation that is available for you. they should have done that starting day one. but they learned.
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the empty seats was packed for the brazilian events. volleyball, once brazil played, everybody left. so next match was pretty much empty. you can find anything you wanted to do the brazilians were into when brazilians played and they weren't so interested when other people were playing. fortunately, the argentines were great. they had a whole contingent that filled up many seats. these prices were half of what london was. none was outrageous. london was outrageous. they made one mistake and that was overpricing track and field. they put half-price, they would have sold out.
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it butey try to correct the government has very strict can'ter policies and you change prices once you set the price. there were 20 think, can we do a sale, nothing was working. volunteering, the people were lovely and helpful. there was a 40% attrition rate. the normal attrition rate for volunteers at the makeup that are 10-20%. london was 20%. volunteering is just not in the culture of latin americans. the hours are hard. i talked with a number of volunteers and they always made sure you knew they were not getting paid. what happened was the ioc had a card that different people get
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access to. -- cars. they ended up having to pay drivers instead of these volunteers because the volunteers were not showing up. that kind of did not go over well with the ioc members and other people who had to work the games. so i know there is extra expense that went into paying for some of that. again, people who stuck it out, the volunteers were all wonderful. i think once they got their outfits and i don't think there was enough incentive programs. normally in salt like city there were huge incentive programs. at the end they got more prizes. i'm not sure. i'm trying to find out what exactly they gave the volunteers. so there is plenty of opportunities, but will rio win the gold after the games? and it's really up to the
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brazilians to be proactive now. and one will the economy support all of these opportunities? will will the people have the right knowledge to plan accordingly. so the tourism, they kept saying we are waiting and waiting. now is your time. they spent $3 million on campaigns during the games. i'm not sure if many of you saw that brazil is open meaning now the visas are free. but that's only free until september after the paralimpic games. they did this campaign i think starting if you haven't planned august 1. to go to olympics or paralympics by i don't think you are going august 1, to brazil. they spent this money making you think brazil is open when it is going to close again at the end
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of september. was that the right tourism plan to do? maybe they should have thought about it a little more. the olympic training center, as i said, the plans are in place but it will cost money to convert some venues into a proper training center and then to staff at the. what i haven't seen is a budget for that. global attention, i mentioned before about the environmental issues i think because of the , attention and more and more people focussed on this, i think the cleanup will continue. and as i said before there has already been some advances and they need to continue those advances. so there is a video that i'm not sure i'm going to take the time to show you now, but overall i think i wouldn't say the brazil
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rio olympic games were the best ever, but i think for south america and for their first games it was the best ever. and and they really showed the world that they persevered under the situation and i'm sure you are attuned to what happened to rio. they decided to split the oil across all the states versus just the oil-producing states. that reduce the amount of money they were getting from oil. as we all know, the oil price went down. they were doubly hit. the state of rio was doubly hit. and when they received the games in 2009 they were on this huge trajectory. brazil was going to be the next powerhouse and political situations, economic situations they persevered through it all
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, and really showed the world what a great place brazil is and especially rio de janeiro. i hope i have the opportunity to go back and continue to see improvement. i will now open it up for questions. [applause] >> thank you so much. i will just moderate the question. just a little infomercial with the rising power initiative and we issued an alert today with basically analysis of the different media reports from brazil, china, india, japan, some other large countries around the world, what common tourists and analysts thought about the performance of rio as the host. i invite everybody to go to the rising powers initiative website and take a look at that alert.
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let's open it up for questions. lisa will respond. maybe you could introduce yourself, as well. >> i was wondering if you can comment about political issues which you haven't discussed too much. was there a consciousness? i'm i'm wondering if there was a consciousness about what is going on in the political situation? >> he wasn't even there. what was really interesting at the opening ceremony how many brazilians made comments to me on the metro home, this whole discussion, many locals thought it was disappointing that there was no government official that opened the games. my response back was the olympics are supposed to be nongovernmental. their reaction was every other olympic games has had a leader open the games. there was mention that president
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of the rio organizing committee thanked the government at all levels. that is when they were booed. there was no representative at all. they weren't even in the stadium. he was there? they didn't show him. it wasn't announced. >> he was there. and elicited games the boos and went to the fireworks. >> that's interesting for those of us in the stadium -- >> that's the experience, the difference between those who watched on television. >> i can tell you i was sitting all around brazilians and they were like we didn't have a government representative here. this is interesting for me to hear. >> some brazilian commentary both for or against the interim president who made a few remarks at the opening was that it was nice not to have brazilian political officials always at
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the events and talking because it really allowed for the brazilian citizens, residents of rio to take the center stage. maybe that's another legacy of the olympic movement to embrace in the future, it might be refreshing to just let the athletes and citizens and tourists have the day. how about another question? jonathan. >> i'm a graduate student here. like a lot of the brazilians i have spoken with they had the negative opinion like the world cup and the olympics is a waste of money. spending on schools and health care. brazil won the gold and the opinion shifted. did you notice any of that? >> yes. that is why ticket sales went up, skyrocketed. they actually ended up, ticket sales were sluggish and they ended up meeting and exceeding their ticket goals that they set way back in the beginning. they
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were selling 100,000 tickets a all the way through. -- a day all the way through. the tide turned completely. i'm not sure if you remember but in london most all londoners left. the first week was dead in london. and then everybody saw how great it was and they all came back. so the city started getting a little more lively. localsals quebec town -- came back in town. really got into the games and took pride in what was happening. >> other questions? >> so i'm thinking about the major issue here. particularly, the question about the relationship between not just the games and promises for addressing environmental of the bay and environmentalism in the city. going back to 1992 there was a major plan for the cleanup of the day -- bay.
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1992 plus 20 so 20 years later then with the world cup. you seem to be optimistic that the momentum captured at the olympic moment will continue. if you look at the larger 30-year period there have been major mega events which have focussed on depollution or addressing environmental concerns and have always fallen short. i wonder how you reconcile that about rio 2016 with a very specific rio mega event environmental history? caller: it is a -- >> it is a great point. i don't think the others had 3 billion people watching and following what was happening in real. so the tv coverage, global tv coverage and media coverage i think raised people's attention a little more than i know the other environmental conferences were covered but not the extent that i think the olympic games were covered.
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>> other olympic games in other cities something that is sustainable, questions and concerns and global attention? >> i will use beijing. a lot of people say it's still overpolluted and it is but can you imagine if the games didn't come talk up anybody know what happened in 2008 leading up? they put in a law that no more cars with lead fuel -- taxi cab drivers had to change out the cars. they put in more natural gas buses than we have in the united states just in beijing. so that was instituted based on the lipid games. i really do believe that the spot light and the push can make a difference. it is up to the will of the people now to continue it and to go after opportunities and make it happen.
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i think people are aware and they are more willing to help but if nobody asks for the help and makes it happen it will stay status quo. >> maybe just returning to the point made, what we have learned lisa indicated in her talk and learned from other scholars, activists and so forth is that
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clean up the bay. that is the upstream activities to eliminate the dumping of waste into the streams that feed the bay. what we also know we learn this in the run up to the olympics is that now rio has a lot of activist groups that oppose the displacement of poor under privileged residents in the city. so it would be very difficult politically now. there has to be a new engagement, consensus on how to remove citizens from their residence in order to do the infrastructure work necessary to clean the bay upstream up into the hills. and there simply is not the political consensus in a very open society, a vibrant democracy in the city of rio to get that job done right now. maybe with the international spot light the conditions, the political conditions may be created to renew an engagement on that. comments? >> leading up to it there is
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some hesitation, criticism, it is never going to happen whether athens are here in brazil. the heavy critical christianization. -- critical scrutiny. is the international olympic committee trying to address it? this is a recurring pattern or are other entities trying to address this to help maybe address perseverance issues that brazil has had to face and also going forward? >> the international olympic committee would love for more positive reporting because it just drags their brand all the way through. -- through the mud. but it is interesting once the olympic flame hits the country and starts going through like this spirit comes over the host city and the host country. and i think they need to be more
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proactive. some of the research that we are doing with the international olympic committee is leaning that way where they are not going to let the organizing committees just stumble along for a wild. in brazil what happened was one of the slides showed the different levels. you had rio 2016 and then apo which is a government arm that was overseeing the legacy work and some of the olympic venues. they were doing this right now with the paralympic games. they are playing poker. we have rio 2016, federal government, state government. we have the rio the state and the city. who is going to pony up? although they should have designated responsibilities early on, many times in rio they were all still shuffling cards.
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i don't want to pay for that. you pay for that. that's not my responsibility. that's your responsibility. and so nobody was doing anything because they were all still who is going to pay for this? and if you follow the news the reason why rio state declared bankruptcy was that was the only way they could get federal money to pay for the finishing of the transportation. now, if it was clearly mandated in their responsibility who was paying for what seven years in advance this may not have happened. but they were all not stepping up to the plate. and so then they had to use different mechanisms, political mechanisms to get the money to finish things there is no way i -- finish things. there is no way i could see them
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finishing the metro in two weeks. i think it was probably almost ready to go but they were waiting for some additional money. they had to get the money to pay the police because you heard in the national news that the police and fire had not been paid leading up to the games so they were kind of boycotting and making disturbances saying they were not going to work during the games so they were able to get the money to cover the police. interestingly enough, the national guard, their military was almost more publicized throughout the games than some of the lipid sponsors. -- olympic sponsors. we saw more posters saying security provided by national police. i thought that was interesting. they want to make sure everybody knew that it was military. and and the way the security worked was there was armed guards with fingers on the trigger at different locations but then in the security as you walk through they were all dressed in like volunteer outfits.
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they had their own unique dress but it wasn't in military garb. it was in the look of the games. so you had two different forces. other questions? >> i lived in salt lake city during the i wonder if you 11th. notice the difference with a huge city like rio or smaller city like salt lake. >> salt lake was the largest city that hosted winter olympic games. the legacy continues on in salt lake. 40% of our winter athletes live or train in utah right now. so so based upon those facilities and the money that was raised through the games continues to pay for those facilities. but rio is a very large and
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diverse host city. too.ondon was, it took a long time. people forget in sydney it took 30 minutes on the train to get to olympic park. it took about 40 minutes depending on where you were in copa to get out to the park but then you had to walk another mile to get into the park and to your venue. the olympic games are for the healthy and wealthy. [laughter] if you are not healthy you have to walk a long way to get where you drop off because there are three perimeters of security. they have to drop you off far enough in so when you have to go into the first security and show your ticket and then you get your bags and show your ticket again. that is what a lot of people say the paris attack the stadium was
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because of the three layers of security around most all sports event that prohibited the bomb from going off inside the stadium. >> i think i would be derlict if i didn't communicate we are lucky here at the initiative because one of our alumni is really the founder of the brazil initiative, finance did. he is also the chair of the golf committee in rio. and over the last couple of years having great conversations with him, he told me that the rio olympic committee looked at sydney as kind of the model of restructuring the city to make it more user friendly, to make it more socially inclusive. while he is very cognizant because of his education here at the elliot school of difficulty that rio face in terms of politics and geography and budgeting that they needed the
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opportunity to make a qualitative structural difference in the life of those that live in rio. i think he'll be excited to see your powerpoint, lisa, because this puts what he has worked towards and seeing eye to eye in numbers that i think are very relevant at this point to put it in comparative perspective with sydney, london, athens. >> we are blessed with his presence at the alumni event. he he attended the reception and spoke to the people there and also to our students and shared -- he was working about 20 hours a day at the first few days of the olympic games. he was in the back trying to talk to politicians like -- in the united states if our ball game goes late what do we do? we we keep metros open later and
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find the money and figure out a way to keep the metros open. they have a policy that they have to rest four hours and they couldn't figure out -- they had to open up at 5:00 in the morning and had to close down by 1:00 and takes an hour to circulate the buses or something that. -- like that. there was no way around that situation. every country has their own different policies and laws. you you have to respect that. that was one that he was also on so he was hands on trying to the food situation. solve some of the problems. i i think, as i said before, slowly but surely by the end things were running pretty well. also, what i like about the olympic games is every games are different. and we can't expect them all to be perfect. this is a major event with
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multiple things going on. and the spectators also have to take it upon themselves to learn. maybe if we would have paid more attention we would have figured out there was another bus waiting for us to take us into copacabana. we freaked out and jumped into a cab. maybe we should have followed some others who knew more about what was going on. i think the word of advice to any spectator going to a games in a different country is to be respectful and think about what the conditions are in the local environment and what we are dealing with and be appreciative of the fact that we have great venues. we had excellent sports competition and in the end it was a sports competition that will be remembered from these olympic games with bolt and phelps and ledecky and others. i i was at the stadium when tiago
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won the pole vault. that was electric. that was like 12:00 in the morning that we hung in there. there was a rain delay and i'm so glad we did stay. that was something i will never forget. i want to thank the brazilian people and rio 2016 for putting on excellent games. >> lisa, thank you so much. i know the brazil initiative we are working to bring a group of students back to rio in june of next year with a focus on energy and environment and water . we are going to take a look at water in rio and the amazon. it will be interesting to work with you to get a good briefing on the infrastructure projects in rio surrounding the olympic games. that's what we should be doing is opening up opportunities to the students so they understand
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the impact of the olympics on a city like rio de janeiro and open developing democratic society. very interesting. i want to thank you. this has been an excellent presentation. i hope to make it available more broadly and continue to work with lisa to bring her knowledge and comparative perspective to students and faculty. thank you so much. >> i hope the brazil institute can continue to move things along so we don't have a stalemate that they take advantage of all opportunities that are there for them to jump on and continue. >> thank you so much. [applause] >> tonight on c-span, vice
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presidential candidate tim kaine campaign in tallahassee, florida. from the national building museum, a discussion about architecture and climate change. later, an interview with the head of donald trump's outreach to women voters. >> book tv on c-span2. 48 hours of nonstop fiction -- nonfiction books. here are some preacher program. saturday at 10:00 p.m. eastern, the presidential candidacy of donald trump if the subject of anne coulter's newest book. she argues that moderates, conservatives and democrats should support him. he's interviewed by tucker carlson. >> i think he is a genuine patriot, genuinely loves the country. i think he looks around and saw
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some things going wrong that he can fix. saide opening speech, he something to the effect of, if we don't stop us now, it is going to be too late. it will be unsalvageable. bend the urban radio network -- then the urban radio network moderates race in relation to the news, politics and american culture. including an examination of the rise of racial incidents, their origins and possible solutions. then at 10:00 eastern, and 20 martinez-- antonia talks about his book, chaos monkeys. the insider perspective on the silicon valley tech world and the future of online marketing and social media. report onweekend, the america's nuclear arsenal. former army sniper recounts his missions in iraq and afghanistan.
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and international vice president on the movement to increase workers wages. go to book tv.org for the complete schedule. at c-span.org, you can watch our public affairs and political programming any time at your convenience on your desktop, laptop, or mobile device. here is how. go to our home page. click on the video library. you can type in that speaker, sponsor of a bill, or even an event topic. review the list of search results. click on the program you would like to watch. or refine your search. and if you are looking for the most current programs, you can go to our home page. watch today's washington journal or the events we covered today. c-span.org is a public service from your cable or satellite provider. if you are a c-span watcher, check it out at c-span.org. >> campaigning in tallahassee,
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florida, tim kaine visited a small business and to baker to talk about federal assistance to entrepreneurs. he also speaks at a voter registration rally on the campus of florida a&m university. this is 20 minutes. >> good afternoon. this is my wife, anne. i am tim kaine. [applause] senator from virginia and hillary clinton's running mate. this is the third time i have been imported since i have been added to the ticket. my wife was past two weeks ago and was the secretary of education in virginia. she stepped down to go all time on the campaign trail. we are here in florida doing some events and we are about to go over to a and then -- florida a&m to do a voter registration. we have a lot of experience with these incubators.
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i.s. america -- i as a mayor and then my wife as a secretary of education. this is a week where hillary clinton and i pulled out a -- rolled out it small business plan. i just want to say that hillary clinton, you may have heard her talk about this at the convention, she grew up in a house where her dad ran a small fabric printing business. she remembers the small business start up business. she and her brothers helping to do some of the printing. i grew up in a small business house in kansas city. my dad ran an iron working shop that was 12 employees in a good year and five in a tough year.
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what we know is since world war ii, the growth of jobs in this country has been small business jobs. two thirds of new jobs are graded by small businesses. many of them go on to become businesses that are medium or large. can measure the health of the economy by if it is an easy climate to start a business. i'm lucky to have with make senator nelson who is such a good friend. -- me senator nelson was such a good friend. this is a talent-rich community. when folks come here, they come here and we ask, what can we do to keep talent here and brought it out the economy -- brought in -- broaden out the economy? we want to have a vigorous, innovative technology culture. you have all the mind power here
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with students. if you can convince him tuesday, that is what this is all about. that is a lot of what we were talking about, hillary clinton and i. we want to make it easier to start businesses. just the act is starting a business up can be complicated. and i was governor, if you , youd to start a business would go to this apartment to get your tax id number. you go to another department to get the city registration. and then you might have to get a professional license. we wanted to do a turbotax, one-stop shop where you can get your applications completed easier. easier to start up businesses is important. and we can streamline what we require a businesses and work with cities and states so they can streamline as well.
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second, what we hear a lot from businesses is that it is hard to get financing. especially if you are new. if you are new, and try to start up, it is tough. we have some new technologies like crowdfunding have been created. there's a lot we can do. making sure -- small business administration, making sure we have the right roles with me to banks because they tend to be the lending institutions of choice to small and startup businesses. make sure they're are able to do that and there's access to capital. the third thing, i claim no ride of authorship for this, on individual tax reform you can either file standard or do the deductions, most people file standard because it is simple and easy. if you want to keep i records -- keep all the records, you can
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do the itemized deductions. the clinton plan includes, let's do the same thing for corporate taxes. instead of a company having to keep all the records about all the overhead to determine what is a legitimate deduction or not, give businesses a choice. if they want to file more of a standard form that makes it a lot simpler, that would be best. not every business, especially startups can get the accountants and lawyers to put it all together. this is a good idea. last thing i will say, the key to business is you. it is the talent. it is the talent. we really believe as part of a strong economy, building an economy that works for everybody, that educational innovation from pre-k through more technical education and exposure, expose kids more at an early age to the different career paths so they can make wiser choices. that goes into college and making it debt free for americans.
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other nations do it, why can't we? and even tuition free for americans who don't have the means to pay tuition. this is something we are focused on. needless to say, i'm looking around seeing who you are, needless to say, you are going to be more successful if you are letting all the talent come to the cable -- table. in this country, we have the talent to solve any issue that we will face as long as we let all the talent around the table. if you start dividing people up against one another, blinking, name-calling, then you find that you cancel your problems because you are not letting the talent pool the all that it can be. hillary clinton give a speech in reno yesterday talking about some the rhetoric on the other side. that it would be ok for the nominee of a major party through until someone with a disability. or to trust people because they are mexican-americans. or to suggest that people of one religious-based should be
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treated as second-class. -- religion faith should be treated as second-class. this is a fundamental issue. today is women's equality day. it is today. [applause] since the early 70's, it was dedicated women's equality day. it is the day that the 19th amendment was ratified. women have the right to vote. it only took us 144 years. look, talent is most precious -- is the most precious resource in the world. more than oil, more than water. it is the condition that leads to economic success. here is a great collection of individual talent but everyone is in a sharing environment where you can be more that you can beat by listening and learning from others. that is the society we have to have. what works in the business world and this model is what works to
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make us a better society. my wife and i are happy to come and have a chance to talk specifically with a businesses. thank you to the folks who had the idea to do this. thank you for letting us and bay. -- invade. mr. mayor, you have a lot to be proud of. [applause] >> it is good to be here to talk about something to critically -- so critically important. i want to thank the university president. give him a big round of applause. [applause] i want is a special word of thanks about my wife. we are here on a university campus. my wife just up down as secretary of education in virginia after working her entire career to help young people. why did she stepped down? step down?
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she wanted to do what i'm doing. she wanted to go full-time and make sure we do all we can to elect hillary clinton as the next president of the united states. [applause] i learned an interesting bit of trivia on the way down here. august 26 is women's equality day. [cheers] it is women's equality date because on august 26, 1920, the federal government certified that enough states had ratified the 19th amendment to the constitution giving women the right to vote. 96 years later, we are about to make the first woman president of the united states. [cheers] that is what is so very exciting for me to be on the ticket. when hillary ask me about a month ago, i was so proud to work with somebody who is the most qualified individual to be a nominee of a major party in
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the history of this country. i am proud to be a partner with hillary clinton. like a lot of strong men, my political career has been built on the foundation of support from strong women like my wife, campaign managers, secretaries, voters, donors, volunteers. now i'm a strong man to play the supportive role to make sure our strong woman is the next president. [cheers] there is a lot at stake in this university. i think you understand this. this is a wonderful, historically black college and university with a great tradition. we have a few great hbcu's in virginia. virginia union, norfolk state, your homecoming opponent, hampton university. we are all in the family.
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hbcus play an important role in producing 65% of minority engineers in the country. overwhelming numbers of minority physicians, dentists, veterinarians, scientist. they have a role that is every bit as important today as it will be tomorrow. give it up for famu and all the great hbcus. [cheers] hillary clinton and i understand the importance of hbcus. it is part of our education plan to grow jobs in the 21st century to invest 25 point dollars in hbcus so we can keep training the talent pool. that is with other investments. pre-k education. career and technical education. debt-free college for americans. [cheers] that is something we can do.
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these are the issues that are at stake in this election. there are a lot of issues that are at stake but since i started off and i talked about women's equality day. let's just take equality. let's just take the principle that we stated in 1776 that would be the north star for our nation. when virginians but that in the declaration of independence, they were not living that way. nobody was living that way. they had a wisdom to tell them to put that out as a northstar that would measure our progress as a people. for 240 years, we have been knocking down one barrier after the next. trying to live more like we said we were going to live in 1776. that is something to think about on women's equality day. that is something to think about as we approach the election. i think you know hillary clinton's history. she was a law student at yale
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who could have been anything. she went to south carolina to help investigate racial disparities in the juvenile justice system. went to alabama to investigate disparities in the school system. as a young lawyer, we got out of law school and my wife worked with legal aid and i was a civil rights lawyer battling against housing discrimination. at the time we were doing these things, donald trump was starting out too and his firm was getting sued for racial discrimination. this is a fundamental difference between the two tickets and it is fundamental to the bias that we hold as a nation. you have also seen hillary clinton as a first lady of arkansas buildup maternal and child health as a first lady of this country, 8 million low income kids had health insurance. as a senator, fighting for military families and first
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responder's health. making sure that women and children in the countries around the world have the attention of the u.s. government. hillary clinton has had a career and track record of success in support for equality and the causes we hold dear. donald trump has a different point of view. you heard during the campaign. he has really kill people with disabilities. he has ritual people if they were -- ridiculed people with mexican origin. that is not the way we do things. that is not the way we do things. [cheers] donald trump was the main guy behind the bigoted notion that president obama was not even born in this country. donald trump has continued to push that irresponsible falsehood from all the way up to now.
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that is the difference in this election. yesterday, hillary clinton gave a speech in reno nominee nevada -- reno, nevada calling out donald trump. calling him out on the fact that he has supporters like david duke connected with the ku klux klan who are going around saying donald trump is the candidate because donald trump is pushing their values. klan values, david duke guys, donald trump eyes, they are not -- david duke values, donald trump values, they are not american bodies. -- values. that gets down to the recent for the rally. the reason we are here, you have a superb reputation of any university of student activism. and that any people to
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understand the critical importance of voting. we are starting a national movement with hbcus and other universities. we are talking to students about registering and voting and we want famu to lead the way. are you ready to do that? [cheers] it is an important thing. we have seen and states all of the country significant efforts by governors and legislatures to narrow down the right to vote. to narrow down early voting. to increase id requirements. the basically make it tougher for people to vote. you might have seen a few weeks ago, there was a court decision about the state of north carolina where a federal court found that the highest officials in the state had acted with " surgical precision to make it more difficult for african-americans to vote." for anyone who cares about small
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deep democracy, the effort for state officials to put burdens in the way and to a permanent story way -- discriminatory way, we need to show the tactics will not succeed. we can do that here in florida. we can do in virginia and all over the country. here is one thing i would ask you to do. i would ask you to do this. if you are talking to friends and family and try to persuade people about the virtues of the clinton-kaine ticket, or persuading people to vote -- doing that is important. folks do not pay attention to the tv advertisements anymore. but they still believe the person to person talking to a friend. some few are in class with. a family member. even calling as a volunteer talking to someone you don't know.
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when they care you are volunteer, here's what they think, they did not have to do this. they are doing this because they are taking the time and it is important. when you are doing that to encourage people to vote, if you hear someone say to you i don't think my vote matters, then i want to tell you what you say to them. while the other side think it matters because a awful lot of people are doing an awful lot of work to put restrictions and way to reduce both of african-americans, to reduce folks -- votes of young folks. their country could harder -- they are trying to make it harder for you to vote. i hope you conclude that your boat is viable -- vote is valuable as they think it is. -- because they think it is. every states roles are different. -- rules are different.
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the last day to register to vote in florida is october 11. that is the last day. between now and october 11, register. i can tell you this, florida will be one of the closest battleground states this election and your boat will matter. -- vote will matter. early voting starts on saturday, october 29. it goes all the way to the following saturday, november 5. early voting is very important because some people are working or it is difficult for them to just vote on the one day. those are the two days to remember. register by october 11 and be there for early voting october 29 through saturday, november 5. let me ask one thing, is there anybody who might be willing to volunteer to help us win?
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[cheers] all right. i know many of you probably already have. if you have not yet volunteered and you want to, all you have to do is text " together" to 4726. if you do that, you will be swept up into the campaign like the last scene of "close encounters of the third kind." we will show you that florida is hanging tough with hillary clinton. this election is complicated in a season of providers -- surprises, but we know how to do tough work. ford has shown with the historic support of president obama that you can deliver the goods, save the day, and bring victory home. we are asking for that again in 2016.
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let's make history november 8 with hillary clinton and then lets mckinstry every day as we move this nation forward -- let's make history every day as we move this nation forward. [applause] thank you so much. [applause] ♪ >> tomorrow, republican presidential candidate mike pence holding rally in virginia. watch our library to the white house coverage at 3:00 p.m. eastern on c-span. or listen live on your phone with the c-span radio app. sunday night on two and eight.
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-- qa day. >> average of one racial linking in this out. a brilliant device to hold down a race. if you are black, were afraid that this could happen to you. >> he talks about his literary career including his latest book, the lynching. the epic courtroom battle that brought on the clan. the trial following the killing of 19-year-old michael donald by the kkk. >> michael is a teenager. he is trained to become a brick layer. the youngest of seven children. he is home with his mother. his aunt was to ask them to get a pack of cigarettes. to make dollar. he goes out. an old buick pulls up behind him. pistol andls out his orders into the backseat of the car. he knows what is going to happen. a black man in alabama, you
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know. onsunday 8:00 eastern c-span's q and a. >> campaign 2016, c-span continues to the white house. >> we need serious leadership. this is real. >> we will make america great again. coverage of the presidential and vice presidential debates on c-span, the c-span radio app, c-span.org. monday, september twice six is the first presidential debate live from hostile university in hempstead, new york. tuesday, october 4, by presidential candidates mike pence and senator tim kaine universityarm bill, -- farm bill, indiana. in the second presidential debate leading up to the third and final debate between kelly clinton and donald trump taking place at the university of nevada las vegas. live coverage from the
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presidential and vice presidential debates on c-span. the sunlight on the free c-span radio app or watch anytime on-demand on c-span.org. >> now a look at how climate change affects building and landscape design. with architects and the head of the georgetown law school climate center. it was cohosted by the national building museum and the national park service. this is one hour and 25 minutes. >> good evening and welcome. i have the pleasure of being the executive director here at the national building museum. i'm delighted to welcome you for this evening's conversation. on your way to this auditorium, i'm sure you might have noticed a large structure. for the past five years, the museum has been presenting a series of interactive exhibitions as part of our
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summer block party. some of you may have recalled he senate with minigolf exhibitions. this was followed by two innovative installations in the great hall. the big maze designed by the danish firm and the beach designed by brooklyn-based sn architecture. and we present iceberg is here. -- icebergs here. i should note that icebergs is sponsored by the market institute of architects. tonight's program allows us to examine one of the key themes behind the design of icebergs. effect onange and the the design and how we build places where we live and work and play. at the conclusion, we invite you
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to join us inside the icebergs to continue the conversation and .ormally over snacks and drinks this program is presented in partnership with the national s in celebration of their centennial. happy birthday yesterday. [applause] these allow me to introduce public relations with national park service. she has been with them or 20 years. accepted background and partnerships, philanthropy, corporate relations, tourism, you'd programs and community engagement. welcome, wendy. [applause] >> thank you.

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