tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN August 27, 2016 2:00am-4:01am EDT
worked for mr. trump back in the 1980's, and has known him for many, many years. she told us that the issue with the subcontractors was that he had a problem and they had not done the job, and he wasn't paying them until they finished the job. it's not that he just refused to pay a bill. back to people who work for him, they have wonderful things to say. -- you tough about the democrats and republicans taking away rights? itt is a big discussion, but seems to me that it is the democrats who are trying to limit using big government as the weapon. the other thing that you you don't think that his ethics compared to mrs. clinton's. i can't see how you can even begin to compare whether he paid a contractor or not with the fact that the woman had a server
that was not secure and was in exposing herries, and her e-mails to potential enemies of this country. how is that not one of the worst things that you can do? host: florida, good morning to donald. good morning c-span and good morning to your guests. i have not seen any plan that donald trump has had put out except make it great, trust me and i am going to do it. he really hasn't given a plan on anything he will do. remarks and comments that he has made, these are things that came out of his , from recordings of him
saying things. it's not like somebody is putting words in his mouth. he is a racist. dollars .0 policy specifics, is this something you would like more from the campaign? i understand why, he is not professional politician. he has not had the same briefings, people sitting down and talking with him. he is starting from scratch and is working his way through it. that he ise listening and trying to form a policy, instead of telling us what we should accept from him. i would like to see some more specifics. as we move into debate time, he will have to be more specific been. specific then.
i don't understand this charge of misogyny and racism. what has he done to put women down? what has he done to keep women down? what has he done that is racist? that is why i am offended when sayle say that when people that i am for him. meet deeply wounding four for you to call us racist because we support donald trump. host: your online at women vote morning, saturday
michael o'hanlon looks at turkey's role of fighting isis. reporter on recent move by the obama administration to transfer 15 detainees out of guantanamo bay. journal, live beginning at 7:00 eastern saturday morning. join the discussion. watch ourorg, you can political programming any time at your convenience. go to our home page and click on the video library search box. review the list of search results and click on the program you would like to watch refine your search with our many search
tools. our homepage has many current programs ready for your immediate viewing, such as today's "washington journal." c-span.org is a public service of your cable or satellite provider. >> now that the 2016 summer olympics have concluded, a panel at george washington university looks at the cost of the games and the effect on public safety, infrastructure, and bristling politics. -- brazilian politics. it was hosted by the brazil initiative. this is one hour and 15 minutes.
>> thanks for coming to the brazil initiative at the elliott school of international affairs here at george washington university. i know it's, you know, dog days of summer and we're all going to orientations and receptions and so forth. but i think that for many of us that were mesmerized by the summer games in rio, we want a little bit more. so we're here today, to have a conversation, to talk a little bit about the rio de janeiro summer olympic games, what they mean and how they represent some sort of historical trajectory for the olympic movement. i want to welcome everybody here, to the elliott school and also i want to welcome the viewers of c-span to this event here at the elliott school of international affairs. my name is mark longevin, the director of the brazil initiative. a researcher here at the elliott school.
very excited to play a part in building opportunities for students and faculty to learn more about brazil, examine brazil and even attempt to explain brazil, if that's at all possible. and today, i'm very excited. i am excited for the olympic's. i love rio de janeiro. and it's very exciting here today to have professor lisa naroti from the business school to talk about the rio summer games. but before i introduce her, i want to mention that for many of us that love sports, love the olympics, love brazil, and love you, it was a little bit disappointing to see a lot of the national/international media, really malign the efforts of the rio olympic committee and the city of rio build these olympics.
i know my students and i are in rio in june. we had a fabulous time. when we left rio, we had no doubts that the biggest party on earth would be in rio and people would be very happy. and what we've seen is an olympic games held by the first developing democratic nation state in the world. i think that is something that some of the journalists lost track of. but i think we can correct that, at least today with our conversation. obviously we've heard about some of the problems in rio, which you can see very easy, because it's an open society and it's a beautiful place to walk around. so you can see some of the pollution in guanavara bay, and you can see the bottlenecks in the transportation system. and some of the poor housing in the for bayliss -- favelas as well. but some of us who have travelled to rio or lived there in the past decades, what we've
seen is a city under great transformation, that we're going to learn more about today from lisa. and it's stunning, the transformation for those of us that have been around rio and enjoyed it for decades. i'm very interested in learning more about the details of this trestman eischen -- transformation galvanized by the 2016 olympiad. also, personally inspired by the efforts of the population of rio, including raffaella sillva who is a resident of the ciudad de deus. coming out of difficult conditions to be the number one athlete in the sport is a credit to what has happened throughout result throughout the decades to create the conditions for brazilians to develop their individual talents.
so we're here to learn more about that and i want to turn it over to dr. lisa delphi naroti. master of tourism information program. associate professor of sport management and the author of numerous books and articles on sports management politics vounting the olympic movement. one just published last year. i would love to read a book on the politics of the rio games so maybe lisa can make that happen as well. or we can help her make that happen. i believe dr. naroti just stepped off the plane yesterday from rio so we can get a very fresh perspective from her. and very happy that she's agreed to join us today for this conversation. she's going to talk for about 45 minutes, share some information. and some visual images to help
us understand the transformation of rio and the olympics. and then after the 45 minutes we'll open it up to questions comments -- questions and comments. thank you. >> thank you very much, mark for the opportunity to be here today and to share my insights and experiences, having been just three weeks in rio de janeiro for the olympic games. i arrived july 28th, and we had some research to do, leading up to the games for the international olympic committee to see what was actually delivered versus what was promised. and then during the games, we were also looking at the utilization of all the different spaces. in addition to that i had, we were with 30 gw students, doing this research and we were also on a lecture series as well. meeting with everyone from ioc
members down to volunteers and really understanding how the management and marketing of the games had the opportunity these were my 18th consecutive olympic games, winter/summer and the 14th time that i brought gw students to go behind the scenes and better understand both the positives, negatives, all the social, political, economic impacts of this major event. and it really recently cnn did a, a piece summarizing the brazil games and they said that the olympics still have meaning in the world. you look at kind of the recap of the challenges, the wins and the losses and the sportsmanship and there's, the positives outweigh the negatives. we all heard about the lead-up of the doping scandal in russia and some of those challenges. the olympic movement still has to overcome.
many of you i'm sure critics of the olympic movement about how much money it cost to host, and i must say that the research that we're doing, is aligned with the agenda 2020 of the international olympic committee about how can we reduce the scope and make the games more manageable, but keep them as special as they are. for any of you who have not had an opportunity to attend the games. it's hard to explain the magic that happens in a city once the games begin. i know many of you felt that the rio had overly harsh criticism. i can tell you, every elliptic games i have been you -- been to, the lead up his negative. london had it, terrorism was going to hit. it was going to be a police state. why would anybody go and see
these games? it turned out wonderful. sochi, gw almost didn't let us go because of the terrorism threat. and i can tell you that's one of the best managed game. i'm not talking about the politics behind it or money spent. but in terms of the experience from a spectator, they were brilliant. it was the same thing, i kept trying to tell everybody. i've been to brazil a number of times in the summer, our summer. you don't see mosquitos, don't be so scared about zika. i know it is a serious thing. all these other, hyperbole that came about. let's get into it and hear how the olympic games impacted brazil and the opportunities moving forward. so the presentation is did rio win, scoring the 2016 summer olympic games. unlike many other summer olympic games starting in 2000, they had
this monstrous olympic park that all the venue were in one place. rio decided to spread it out amongst the four areas of rio de genaro -- rio de janeiro. and you have barra, which is the new area, where the city is growing. it is a suburb. more wealthy. you had diadoro, a suburb that is underprivileged. and they had built some venues there for the pan-am games and they said, let's expand on the pan-am games, use what was there for the pan-am games and embellish it for the olympics. and they felt that since diadara, it would be the second largest park in brazil, since it had no green spaces. and it would add to the otherwise impoverished area. and then you have the machana, i
have pictures of how the mayor of rio took that area under his wing and redeveloped the whole area. and then you have the picturesque copacabana area. which i'm sure you saw all the shots from beach volleyball and the marathon and triathlon and it was just brilliant. so let's look at the olympic budget because i know everybody's heard sochi was $50 billion and you know, london was -- beijing was 40 billion, sochi at 50 billion. london, was 12 billion and these figures are, are accurate. but in sochi, if you really look at the figures. half of that was graph and they also built a new town. new railroad systems, new hotels, that was the whole picture.
it wasn't just the organizing committee. the organizing committee was about $3 billion. so you have to put it all into context. i wanted to start off with this, so the rio 2016 organizing committee wujt was about 2.25 billion. it was 100% privately funded. so the organization of the games is funded through tv rights, sponsorship, ticket sales, merchandise and all that money goes to the organizing committee. and it's from the international sponsors which are the likes of coca-cola, visa, panasonic to the local sponsors, which is brodesco, amritel, some of the local companies. then you have about 2.15 billion, which is 65% private and the matrix of responsibility is here. is the first one is just putting on the games. and the second one is including the construction of venues that
would not be needed in brazil if they didn't host the olympic games. so building the velodrome. in the initial bid they were going to use old velodrome. when i first went there, when they first won the bid, i was like -- i think they just put this in saying they're going to use the old one because there was no way it was still going to be up to the standards that a velodrome needs. they ended up tearing that one down and building a new one which added to the costs. building venues and infrastructure that related to deal with the games. and you have $6.25 billion which are legacy projects. that was the line for the metro. that was improving some treatment plants, that was other infrastructure, the poor area. those are projects that government leaders, citizens
wanted. but maybe they weren't going to be done unless they had the olympic games. because they need to put a timeline on it. we have to have these this done for the olympic games, let's move it as you know, the line 4 opened four days before the opening of the olympic games and i was one of the first riders on that. it was exciting. and then it was closed to people with credentials at first and then first day of the games, we were on a packed train and it was just so exciting to hear all the local people when they came out of the tunnel and they were in barra, they were like wow, there was a big gasp. and i was looking around saying you know, this is not about the olympics. this is about the local people and how excited they were. for now having mass transport, from one side of their city to the other. before it was just constructing, mass traffic jams and we could look around and see everybody in the traffic jam and here we were
on this special train that delivered us to borrow -- barra. so that is the legacy part. and when you look at these big numbers at the olympic games, always ask the question -- what is the real figure needed just to put on the olympic games, what are the figure for those sports venues, and then what's the legacy part? i say let's amortize, the 6.25 billion over 30 to 70 years. how how long it that much are going to be in place? how long is that sewer treatment plant going to be there? how long are those new improvements going to be existing? then when you look at the overall cost of the olympics, it brings it down a bit. when you also look at would that $3 billion to $5 billion of private money have come to rio if they didn't hold the olympic games.
everybody says we should have built the $3 billion to $5 billion on schools. well you don't have the money if you don't have the games. it's like building a stadium. people say you know, $500 million should be put towards libraries. well the $500 million doing the national parks has been repaid and the city is still gathering tax dollars. there's a lot of misunderstanding about sports venues and events that i think need to be clarified. so really, the organizers of rio 2016 had a vision. and they really saw these games as games
of transformation. let's discuss how that goes further. they wanted to be a responsible event with no white elements, they ended up with the velodrome, it is a white elephant, the plan is right now, there should be no other white elephants beside the velodrome. if everything goes correctly, the velodrome should be part of a south american training center, it will be owned by the federal government and run by the olympic committee of brazil. right now there's no olympic training center in brazil and south america. honestly, most south americans, latin americans pay and come train at the u.s. olympic training center in colorado springs. u.s. olympic committee makes
money off of other athletes coming to our training center. it would be good if they implemented the plans, and one of my students i also teach in the international olympic committee masters program. one of my students is the architect that has all the plans of reconfiguring the olympic park into the training center. the issue now is there money to make it into this training center and sustain it. that's where we're waiting to see. so they use a numb of existing -- number of existing venues. now the mary lenk aquatic center, i'm sure some of you only recognize that as the green pool. i've been to that pool five times in the last four years, it's always been perfectly pristine. i don't know, there was a mistake, somebody poured the wrong toxins into the pool. it was an unfortunate mistake. and it's a nice venue, it was
there for the pan-am games, it's going to continue. there was nothing wrong with the pool per se. it was a human error, they put the wrong chemicals in. so again it's going to stay, it's going to be used. then we had all of these rio centro is the convention center, the brazil convention center for the world cup. the convention center was the main press enter. for these games, they were used for competition venues. and then you have lago stadium for copacabana. these were all existing venues that needed the olympic overlay. you put the look of the games, you put extra staging around it. you add lights, et cetera to make it up to olympic standards, then they had new venues. $1.35 billion, that has gone over budget.
but the golf course is the first public off course in rio. they had two private golf courses, but no public golf courses, this is a legacy, they have a first tee that's starting so kids from the favelas and other places can learn golf. and what i have heard over and over, it's inspirational, i guess they see golf as something, a wealthy sport and for them to put a golf club in their hand gives them hope. gives them something to strive for. i heard that we did a number of visits to the favelas through nonprofits there, ngos, who are organizing these sports-related programs for youth in the favelas. i want to talk a little bit more about these venues.
part of the olympic park is going to be return to the developer, who put up most of the money to build the park. that was a public/private partnership. and again, i don't think this was explained well in the media. so the government didn't put up all this money. they outsourced it to a private contracting company in exchange for them putting developing this park. they then get a piece of it back to build up residential. now with the economy, maybe that developer is out a lot of money now because i'm not sure if the economy is going to support the development. but that's the plan. that part of it was going to turn into an olympic training center and the other half was going to be a residential zone that has a nice park area.
then we have post use and reuse. so this been here, future arena -- venue here, future arena, is supposed to be divided into four different schools. so another slide i'll show you that the construction of the tennis facility was temporary. the future arena was temporary. the swim pools were temporary. they already have identified areas where these venues are going. so for swimming they're dividing that up. there was both the water polo and the swim venue and those are going to be to different states in brazil. so it's not going to be staying because they already have the mary lenk swim complex. is so i think the rio '16 organizers did a great job of identifying what was needed in their olympic training center and what venues they didn't need and moved those outs. the three arenas are going to
stay. they're strong, you saw that brazil had a gymnast and you know they've never had any place to train. i was there when they had to, they used to train in the bottom of the velodrome. when the velodrome got destroyed to build the new velodrome. the gymnasts had to go find other places to train. now they're going to take over one of these arenas. they're strong in judo and the martial arts, so that's going to be used in the arenas. the golf course i mentioned before, it will be both for tourism and for public use. diadoro park, is becoming one of the largest recreation parks. we hope they will have money to maintain the park and that it will not do. .
-- deteriorate. economic boost. we've all heard you know, visitors and honestly, 80% of the spectators that come to an olympic games are locals or nationals. the 20% are international visitors. i don't think the tourism dollar to dollar is going to pay off the olympic games. but if you look at the economic impact of small companies and individuals, it does make a difference in their life. so 90 small companies will supply 552 orders, about $700 million, estimated revenue for small companies and then there are about 2,000 companies that were registered to be supplies. but i want to give you this example. for the u.s. house alone, so the usa house is one of about 50 countries that have houses.
ours was quite significant. >> it's in são paulo. they took over the school run by nuns. in fact the nuns were still living above the usa house. and it was from an event management perspective which i also teach. it was just amazing to see how run-down school could be turned into a beautiful hospitality area. and that took a lot of work. they hired 700 brazilians, we're not going to talk about money and how much it cost. but they hired 700 brazilians starting in december to come in, paint, do carpentry, do seamstress, they had curtains hiding the upper level. wood workers, movers, flowers, security.
so that was 700 brazilians employed by the u.s. olympic committee. during the games there were 48 hired to work at the store. they went through a hiring agency and then 125 employed by the caterers. i think they had more caterers running around than they had guests, because we could identify them and our students were volunteered at the usa house, so we were very in tune with what was going on there. the usa house fed about 300 people a day. it was open from 11:00 to 1:00 in the morning. there was a lot of money being spent there. all the food you rio negocio is an economic development organization, they focused on the world cup and the olympic games, trying to drive
business into rio de janeiro around these mega-events. and this is what the estimates they provided was $2.25 billion in investments by national and international companies. they were looking at how to bring in foreign companies into rio. 66 projects, monitored by the municipality agency. 16,000 new jobs is what they estimate. so tourism. for five years i've been traveling down to rio. well i must say my first trip to brazil was in 1988 as a tourist. and so i, i've seen it in 1988 and i can tell you that it's come a long way. and i just see it continuing to improve and the olympic games have given it that kind of extra boost to keep it going.
but in 2011, i took 28 grad students down and the hotel costs were outrageous. we were paying about $300 for a double room. we actually had to move hotels in the middle of our stay. they didn't have enough room in one hotel, and we had to move to another hotel. they just did not have the capacity. when rooms are at a premium, it keeps people away. the average daily rate in rio was the highest of the world for awhile.for a wil now that they've added nice hotels, a lot of room nights. the costs are going to come down. some people are going to suffer for a wild. but overall it's going to attract tourists, because it's going to be more affordable. and also what the tourism
industry people are saying from rio, is that the argentines prefer to be in barra. and they're a nicer suburb and so they can move the argentines from coming to copa and ipanema and out to barra and fill up those hotel rooms, then bring in more of the m.i.c.e. groups, meetings, conventions, incentives and events to the copa and ipenema places. that is their plan. the individual tourists, move them out to barra, they have the golf course now. they've got other tourism projects developing, and then they can put more of the meetings and businesses down in the center. i am still a little leery because the convention center is out in barra, and it is not so accessible. well now it's accessible by the metro and by the b, bus rapid transit. so it would be accessible by metro.
and then this renovation of the port area. for years, nobody would go down there. it was funny, all the brazilians, we had a gw alumni reception and you can imagine gw alums have done quite well down in brazil. some of them said i have never touched foot in the downtown area or the poor area until the se last two weeks because nobody would go down there. now they've put, they built a tunnel, they recaptured the land that's on the waterfront and , and i'll show you what it looks like now. beautiful murals, put up the warehouses, this is where the cruise ships come into, so the nba was staying on a cruise ship. you may have seen or heard about them hanging out. and a house was here. there is an aquarium that didn't quite get open for the olympic games.
they're planning to open it now. fish are there, but they are in incubation. so it looks like a beautiful place. the concern here is there's no housing yet. so they're putting up offices, they're putting up retail, restaurants, and some of these warehouses that they have like casa brazil is there. those are going to turn into terminals for the ships. right now, they don't have any proper terminal space, and so now they're having proper terminal space where passengers can check in, check out and have a nicer experience instead of coming off into a sketchy part of brazil. it is a beautiful, pleasant area now. so again this was the mayor's project. it was a live site, an olympic live site. and you know, the readings that i had down there was this is where all the brazilians were
going because they were just so excited to have a new place that they've never been. so there was a lot of activities down there. so the live site, the new port area, and then barra were the two big hubs. the other thing, in 2009, large capacity public transport was 16%. later, 2016, 63%. so it's the same legacy i saw in athens. i must admit that athens' olympic games were probably the least productive, except for the mass transit that they put in a , metro that was desperately needed and that legacy , continues. and it was because of the
olympic games that that, it moved them to add that metro. so it's very similar here. that now and we've heard it from numerous people like in our taxi cabs and things they were talking about how it's reduced their commute by you know, an hour. before they just had these, they call them portuguese buses. so i remember when i went down there, they have these small packed buses. people running around, causing traffic. now they have these bus rapid transit. so with designated lanes for the buses, very nice, like a metro. i always felt brazil was one of the leaders in environment in terms of their cars and they just continued the green operations throughout the olympic games. in fact, the three pillars of the olympics, sports, culture, and environment.
and so they tried to incorporate some environmental aspects throughout their operations. we've all heard a lot about quanabara bay and the pollution that's in the bay. from 2007-2014, they had an expansion of the sewer collection and treatment network. they actually put pipes from the favelas to treatment plants, but you cannot in seven years correct what has been happening for you know, 100 years. i think even though the organizing committee had expectations of reaching 80% cleanup, they did reach 50% cleanup. this has been identified by greenpeace and others that they did make progress. they weren't able to make as much progress as they had hoped. , for me i think something is
, for me, i think something is better than nothing. and it's also with all the attention that the bay has received, it's also inspired and given the public the will to continue the cleanup. let's just hope that happens. however, one of our alums, who worked for world west bank now has her own ngo down in brazil was on an environmental task force where $750 million came in from a conglomerate of japanese companies to clean up the bay. and idb was the managing organization. and with all world bank idb groups, they always have to identify stakeholders. well, they identified stakeholders in favelas because they said they are the ones who dump the trash. the problem is that the stakeholders live far away from the bay.
they don't smell it. they don't see it. they aren't involved with the bay. and so when they started identifying priorities, they said oh, disease and poverty was their priorities, and that money ended up not going to clean up the bay, but going to other things that it wasn't designed for. she was frustrated. because she said i get the whole process of why stakeholders have to be identified, but you have to have the right stakeholders, and they thought they identified the right stakeholders, but in the end, it wasn't. so she said that $750 million basically vanished and did not help the bay any. so we still have to work through things like that, and we have that is not unique to brazil. it happens all throughout the world.
beyond what you read about in the newspapers, about the costs of the games. there's so many social contributions and this is an , area that i am very passionate about and i study. you look at each of the olympic sponsors, they go above and beyond. they are required but they pay anywhere from $100 million to $500 million to be an olympic sponsor. on top of that, then they pay for hotels. they pay for tickets. they pay for transportation. they pay for additional advertising. they also pay for social programs in communities. this happens at every olympic games. and omega, they spent an additional i think it was $10 million to $20 million on these 12 projects within the rio favela. and they did 12 leading, it was
like a countdown and they opened and cleaned up different educational centers throughout that community. they also had a photographic competition where they asked kids from the favela. they gave them cameras and equipment to photograph sports in favelas, and those pictures were seen throughout the olympic venues. coca-cola has a collectivo program that's been going on for years, but they train young people from the favelas how to work cash registers, how to work stores. obviously where coca-cola is sold like gas stations. , and they have trained 4,000 people thus far, the employment rate, i think they increased the employment about 18%. but they employed 2,000 of those 4,000 that they trained, they hired 2,000 of them to work hospitality or concessions during the olympic games.
hadhose people actually hands-on experience. they not only have the training, but they had the hands-on experience and they're working , with them to get them employed after the games. nissan was another olympic sponsor. they have a nissan institute. they just built a big automobile plant in southern brazil. they have an institute in rio. they partnered with a local ngo in kaiji, which is one of the poorest favelas they say to support educational programs over five years impacting 6,000 , lives. so some of these programs it was , the same thing for fifa. you would think they had seven years to plan and get going but , but they didn't particularly start right around the major event and then continue. i was there for world cup and i went back and saw some of the world cup legacies to see if those programs were still going , and fortunately they were.
nike is one of the biggest supporters. let me continue on here. ge, they have a big research center in brazil, but they also spend additional money on supporting the brazil kayak team with, doing all of their data analytics. before they were very rudimentary. they would put a compass up and see how they were tilting. here ge used their scientists to outfit and work with their coaches and said, what do you need? what kind of data do you need? and the design, all this fancy analytics for the team. the team just missed bronze, but that's ok. they always have next year. ge will continue their work with them. all the national houses also contributed to the renovations of schools, and i will share more information about that. this is one of our alums who went on a visit to fight for
peace in the favela. it is goalsetting, inspiration, community, because these kids come to a center and learn martial arts, everything from boxing to jujitsu to judo. and now with the gold medalist , it's even more inspiration. then throughout the city, there's 22 olympic villages they are called, and nike is supporting all of those. they are close to schools, but they are open to the community. it is dual function. the school kids can use it for physical education and activities. it is also open to the public to have use. i was able to visit a couple of those. when nike invests in something, they do it well. and then there's another program called transforma.
this is sponsored again by nike and also baro american states and is focused on education. 5 million students. again, they are using sports for motivating, inspiring, teaching leadership and other characteristics that sports offers to kids to keep them interested in school and keep them motivated, as well as healthy. brazil has a sedentary life. you're either really active like or youple on copacabana are pretty sedentary. so it is great that they increased interest of physical activity. so here's some examples of 's contribution. holland house had a bunch of bicycles that their staff used.
denmark did the same thing because denmark is known for bikes. they were giving away all those bikes. the swiss house was built on an old baseball field and so once they dismantled the swiss house, they are modernizing the baseball field and returning it back to the city. qatar took over this beautiful old, interestingly catholic school and completely redid it. they are turning it back over it's going to be a bilingual public school after the games. the belgium house, this is really interesting, got an invitation to come here. i did not know where was. all of a sudden we're going up up to a favela. they rented out one of these new
private small hotels that were built in a favela and they said we know that the u.s. would never put their hospitality house in a favela. but we felt we would like to do that and contribute back to the community. the u.s. olympic training center in addition to having a hospitality house, u.s. also spends money on taking over a university or a club because we have almost 600 athletes. if we tried to get practice space for all of our athletes, trying to squeeze our athletes in squeeze our athletes in with the other 200 countries, it thed be really hard, so u.s. olympic committee identifies other places to practice separately. and they always go into a place and completely renovate it. they have new track, new football page. they really contribute back to the local venue. in this case, it was flamingo club. and then all of them had upgrades to their telecommunications, internet access, etc.
so, grading the olympics. it really depends on your expectations and where you come from. so ioc was doing research, games all the brazilians and south time research, and americans were rating it fours and fives. games weret the running excellent, everything was great. you look at the americans and europeans and their like, it's good. it's pretty. it's fine. but we are a little lower on our grading scale. and it is just basically to the south americans having security at all going into gates and having formal lines and having everything look nice, that was really high standard. it was. all the transportation flowed nicely. for americans, the security was
not as tight as we are normally used to. so i think some people were a little like, i just got there through with my water bottle. personally i thought it was more enjoyable than london where i , was asked for my ticket. i felt like i was going into jail or something. i was stopped every two seconds moving and it wasn't that enjoyable. here, i felt it was safe enough. i did not feel too intruded. and then also you have to look , at it, was a budget concerns or just culture? you also look at grading it from are you working the games or as a spectator? if you are there is a spec spectator, do you mind
waiting in line for a hot dog? they didn't have hot dogs. they had oily pizza and some other things. for most of the americans, they typically don't have concessions anyway, so this something new. was we don't know. north americans don't typically have to buy tickets and they go to another line and get your food, so for us we had two , lines. other people are just fine. so i really think it is a cultural difference. of the language barriers we can understand so it , was frustrating. you think you are standing and one line and you get to the front and they are like, where is your ticket? the signage was very poor. and i must say from the games' to the finish by the end great signage. , unfortunately, it came a little late, but they continued
to improve. that's what i think was the spirit of the brazilians. they did not give up. they kept listening to suggestions. oh my, we need a sign here. we need to speed up the line. so what they did instead of having just one line with the cash register, by day four of the games, they actually had portable cash registers and they were going up and down the lines and asking people for their order, printing out their receipts, and letting them go to the other line. so the spirit of the people working the games i thought was tremendous and they never gave up. they kept thinking how can we make this better? what can we do? we hear the feedback. let's change things up. they ended up having more people at the metro station explaining things. one of my big frustrations was 30,mming got over at 12:
1:00, but the metro closed. people were coming off the bus rapid transit system being dumped out and they were very strict. we didn't know there were buses waiting to take people into town because language and communication wasn't so great. we all had to find ubers and taxis. it was great for those people. they made a bundle. these people were dumped on the street at 1:00 in the morning having to get back to copacabana. that was frustrating. then they started making announcements in english on the buses going out saying everybody be aware, our transportation :30, but there is other transportation available for you. they should have done that starting day one, but they learn. the empty seats was packed for the brazilian events. beach volleyball, once brazil
played, everybody left. so next match was pretty much empty. you could find any seat you wanted. so the brazilians were into when brazilians played and they weren't so interested when other people were playing. fortunately, the argentines were great. they had a whole contingent that filled up many seats and were very vocal. what the ioc and the organizing committee, the organizing committee are the ones that set the prices. these prices were half of what london was. london was outrageous. they made one mistake and that was overpricing track and field. they put half-price, they would have sold out that stadium, but it was too much, and then they tried to correct it but the , government has very strict consumer policies and you can't change prices once you set the
price. so, they were trying to think ,an we do a sale, this and that and nothing was working. and then, volunteering. the people were lovely and helpful. there was a 40% attrition rate. the normal attrition rate for volunteers at a mega-event are 10% to 20%. london was 20%. volunteering is just not in the culture of latin america, south america. the hours are hard. i talked with a number of volunteers and they always made sure you knew they were not getting paid. now what happened was the ioc cars, a whole series of
cars that people get access to. they ended up having to pay drivers instead of these volunteers because the volunteers were not showing up. that kind of did not go over well with the ioc members and other people who had to work the games. so i know there is extra expense that went into paying for some of that. again, the people who stuck it out, the volunteers, they were all wonderful. i think once they got their outfits, and i don't think there was enough incentive programs. normally in salt like city there were huge incentive programs for volunteers. at the end, they got more prizes. i'm not sure. i'm trying to find out what exactly they gave the volunteers. so there is plenty of opportunities, but will rio win the gold after the games? and it's really up to the brazilians to be proactive now. and one, will the economy
support all of these opportunities? will the people have the right knowledge to plan accordingly? so the tourism, they kept saying we are waiting. we are waiting. we are waiting. well, now is your time. they spent $3 million on campaigns during the games. i'm not sure if many of you saw , the brazil is open meaning , now the visas are free. you don't need a visa. but that's only free until september after the paralimpic games. they did this campaign i think starting august 1. well, if you haven't planned to go to olympics or paralympics by august 1, i don't think you are going to brazil. so that kind is spent a lot of money on this and making people think that brazil is open, when ask he is going to close again at the end of september. so was that the right tourism plan to do? maybe they should have thought
about it a little bit more. the olympic training center, as i said, the plans are in place but it will cost money to , convert some of these venues into a proper training center and then to staff it up. what i haven't seen is a budget for that. global attention, i mentioned before about the environmental issues, i think because of the attention and more and more people focussed on this, i think the cleanup will continue. and as i said before there has , already been some advances and they just need to continue those advances. so there is a video that i'm not sure i'm going to take the time to show you now, but overall i think i wouldn't say the brazil rio olympic games were the best ever, but i think for south america and for their first
games it was the best ever. , i'm sure many of you are attuned to it happened, but it is across all the states instead of the oil-producing states which deduced the money. the oil price went down. they were doubly hit. the state of rio was hit. the games andived 2009, they were on a huge the three, the- project political situation, economic situation. they persevere and really showed the world what a great place brazil was paire.
i will now open it up. [applause] >> thank you so much, lisa. initiative rose up with the rising power initiative and we just issued an alert today with basically analysis of the different media reports from japanill, china, india, and other large countries, what they thought about the performance of rio as opposed to the summer games. let's open it up for questions and mutual responses. maybe you can introduce yourself as well.
>> i was wondering if you can comment about political issues. was there a consciousness? wondering if there was a consciousness between resilience, not resilience? there.even it is interesting the opening ceremony how many brazilians made comments to me. we had this big discussion. many of the locals thought it was disappointing there was no government official that opened the games. was the olympics are supposed me nongovernmental and every other olympic game had a leader open the game. there was mentions. that is when they were booed but
there was no representative at all. there. they didn't show them. it was not announced. for those of us in the stadium -- >> the experience, those of us watching television. >> i can tell you brazilians were saying we didn't have any government representative so i don't know. >> some of the brazilian commentary, for or against the interim president who made some toarks, was that it was nice not have political officials always at the events and talking because it allowed citizens maybe thatf rio and
is another legacy the olympic movement can embrace in the future. how about another question? >> i have the negative opinion you were talking about. spending on schools and health care. brazil won the gold in men's soccer. and it shifted to a more favorable opinion . they were selling hundreds of tickets. the tide turned completely.
there was billy anything left. everybody saw how great it was and they came back. the city started getting more likely and the locals back in town. the brazilians all of a sudden got into the games and got into what was happening. >> other questions? about the major issue. particularly, the issue between the games but mega-events and day and from the environmentalism. cleanup was plan. with the world cup. do you seem optimistic because as optimism will continue
you look at the larger 30 year time which is focused on addressing the environmental concerns and they have fallen short. withan you reconcile that rio 2016 with a very specific event? have 3n't think those billion people watching and halloween what is happening in rio. raiseobal tv coverage thele's attention more than .nvironmental compliments this .> is this sustainable
>> a lot of people say it is over polluted but can you imagine if it did not count #is anybody think they remember 2008? cars with led fuel. all attacks he kind drivers have to change it and more natural gas us is an we have in the u.s. just in beijing. that would instituted based on the olympic games and i do in nothing that can make a difference. and go acting opportunities and people are more willing to help it if nobody asks for the help and makes it happen, it will
stay status quo. what we have learned indicated from other scholars, ,ctivists is that the physical political geography of rio has arrived at his ill made with respect to what needs to take vice which is the upstream activities to eliminate the dumping of wastes into the streams that lead the bay. we have learned this into the run of of the olympics. rio has a lot of activists groups that oppose the displacement of poor underprivileged residents in the city. it would be difficult to lyrically now, there has to be a on engagement, new consensus how to remove citizens from the
residence and the father was in order to do the infrastructure work seri to clean the bay into the hills and the father was and there is not a political consensus in a very open society, vibrant democracy in the 80 to get that job done now. maybe with the international spotlight, the conditions, the political conditions may be created to renew an engagement on that issue but i think it is different. the political statement has been observed into the run-up of the olympics. issues? >> you have raised this idea that the olympics reading of to it that there is some hesitation, criticism that it will never happen whether it is
stumble along. the slidesed was showed the different levels so we had rio 2016 and the government farm overseeing the legacy work and some of the olympic venues. they are doing this with the paralympic games. they are playing poker. paired state government although they should have designated responsibilities early on. times, they were still shuffling cards. i don't want to pay for that, you pay for that. that is your responsibility.
nobody was doing anything because they were still who is paying for this? why the state declared bankruptcy was because that was the only way they can get federal money. mandated seven years in advance, this may not have happened but they were not stepping up to the plate. they have to use different mechanisms to get the money. relief to finish things. i think there were finished because there is no way they would miss that in two weeks. they were waiting for some additional money and they have to get the money to pay because you heard that the police had
not been paid leaning up to the games and they were boycotting or making disturbances saying they would not work during the game. they were able to get money to cover the police. guard, the military , was more publicized throughout the games than some of the olympic sponsors. we found mold parsers saying --urity by national police that was interesting. they want to make sure everybody was military it. they were on guard with fingers on the trigger at different locations and in the security issue and they were dressed in volunteer outfits. dressed.their unique
it was the look of the games. two different forces. comments?uestions, >> have you noticed a difference in the benefit with a huge city like rio? >> i think salt lake was the largest city that hosted in the olympic games. the legacy, as you know, continues. to her olympic athletes live or train in utah right now. based upon those facilities and the money that was raised through the games continues to pay for those facilities. rio is very large and diverse host city that london was as well.
it took a long time. traink 30 minutes on the to get out to the olympic park for sydney. but then youinutes had to walk another mile to get into the park to your venues spared it is for the healthy and wealthy. a long way tolk get from where they drop you off because there are three perimeters of security and they have to drop you off so you have to go into the first security, get your ticket, get your bags and then show it again. it was because of three layers theecurity that surrounds
bomb from going off. derelict to not communicate. we are lucky in our school isause one of our alumni really the founder of the brazil initiative. he is also the chair of the golf committee. a little last couple of years, he told me that the real olympic committee was looking at sydney to make it user friendly to make it more than socially inclusive. of thee is cognizant difficulties both in terms of the politics, geography and budgeting, so far, they needed this opportunity to make a qualitative structural difference in the lives of those in rio.
i think he will be excited to see your powerpoint, lisa, the signs of i die in numbers that i think are very relevant at this. >> we are blessed with his presence. >> attending his reception and speaking to the people into our students. he was working 20 hours a day and the first few days of the left takes. he was trying to talk to politicians. if our ballgame goes latecomer what do we do? we open later. we find the money, figure out a way to keep it open. policy that they
have suppressed four hours and -- theynot figure out have to open up at 5:00 in the morning and close down by 1:00. there is no way around that situation because every country has their different policies and laws and you have to respect does. he was also on the food situation so he was trying to solve these problems. surely, things were running pretty well. what i like about the games is every game is different. we cannot expect them all to be perfect. this is a major event with multiple things going on. to take itors have .pon themselves to learn
we kind of freaked out and jump into the cab and maybe we should have followed some other. who knew more about it? the word of advice for any spectators is to be respectful and think about what the conditions are in the local environment and what we're dealing with and be appreciative of the fact we have great venues. it was electric. we all hung in there because there was a rain delay and i am
so glad at least a because that was something i will never forget. i want to thank the brazilian people and rio for putting up excellent games. >> we are working so we can bring a group of students back witho in june of next year a focus on energy and the environment, particularly water. it will be interesting to work with you to get a good rethink the infrastructure projects in rio surrounding the olympic games. doing, what we should be opening up all the opportunities we and to our wouldn't and george washington to understand the impact of the olympics on a city like rio and open it to a democratic society.
what to think the doctor. this has an excellent help to make it available, more broadly and continue to work with lisa to bring their knowledge and compare this to rio with all the students and faculty and community. thank you. >> i hope they can continue to move things along so we don't have a stalemate that we may take advantage of all the opportunities in continue. >> grade. [applause] >> sunday night -- >> one racial lynching in the south and it was a brilliance ecological device to hold down a
race because if you are black, you were rate it can happen. >> talking about the literary career including lynching, the ethics courtroom battle. the trials following the 19 anyone killing of a 19-year-old michael donald by the kkk. >> michael was a teenager. he is trying to become a bricklayer. the youngest of seven children. his on wants him to get the cigarettes. he gets tiedt and and goes out a pistol into the backseat of the car and he knows when he gets in the car what is going to happen. he is black in alabama. q&a.nday night at c-span's campaigning in tallahassee, florida. to talke campaigned
about federal assistance to entrepreneurs. these big set of voter registration rally at florida a&m university. .his is 20 minutes baird >> good morning. good afternoon. [applause] i am a senator from virginia and i am hillary clinton's running mate. we are doing events in tallahassee today and doing voter registration with students who we really want to come by and see you.
experience andf and did. we are rolling out a small business plan that has a couple of key components. i want to say that hillary clinton, you might have heard it and her dad it talked about fabric. kids are pitching in to do the printing and do the drapes. i grew up in a small business. dad had 12 employees with a good year and my mom and two brothers. since world war ii, the growth and jobs in the country has been
in small business is. two thirds are created by small businesses. small or large but you can measure the health of the economy by isn't an easy climate to start up a business? have with mecky to senator nelson who is such a good friend. congresswoman graham and your mayor and we have been talking about -- this is a talent rich community. what can we do to keep talent the and brought it out economy so government can be a pillar where there is a university and have a vigorous, creative, innovative technology
culture. you have the mind power among students so if you can convince them to stay, that is what it is all about. that is what we're talking about. we want to make it easier to start. the active starting a business of will do it. when i was governor, you would go to this department, that get a professional license depending on what business you are in. get turbotax, one-stop shop where you can jump in and get your state and will registration and application easier. easy to start up a business. we can streamline what you require permit and hopefully work with cities and states and counties so they can streamline as well to make it your. it is hard to get financing,
especially if you are new. if you are trying to start up, it is tough. new technologies like crowdfunding and others have creative but there is a lot we can do at the federal level. the small business administration, making sure we have the right sense of roles about credit unions and community banks because they tend to be the lending institutions of choice. making sure they can do that and access to capital. the third thing and this is really cool, no authorship, you know how individual tax return you can either while standard or ,ou can do the reductions itemized seductions. if you want to keep all your records, you can have itemized deductions. when i to the same thing for corporate taxes.
instead of keeping all the records about the overhead, give this them a choice. if they want a standard form that would be best. not every business can have the accountants and lawyers to put it together and this is a good idea on the tax hike. is you.to business it is the talent. we really believe as part of a , building any economy for everyone is educational intimation from pre-can through more career and education and we need a developed talent pool. even americans who don't have
the means to be paying tuition, this is something we're focused on. same, you are going to be more successful if you have the talent coming to the table. you need a community of suspect -- of respect. we have the talent of any issue we will face unless we have the telephone around the table. we have the blame game, name-calling and then you've find we cannot solve your problems he does you are not letting the pool letting it be all it can be. talking about some of the rhetoric on the other side. or to it would be ok trash people because they are mexican-american or to suggest people who are on religious should be treated as second-class.
this is a very fundamental issue. but the quality day, it is today, it is today. when -- august 20 6, 1920 was the day the 19th amendment was ratified and women have the right to vote now. be the right will to vote. it is the most precious resource. more than oil and water. andeads to economic success she is a great collection of individual talent. everybody is in the sharing environment to listen and learn. that is the kind of society we need. what works in this model is something that works to make us a better society.
i am happy to see what is happening are great businesses. hadk you for the folks who idea to do this and the businesses. you have a lot to be proud of. [applause] to be here to talk about something so critically important. i want to thank dr. magnum. a big round of applause. [applause] >> i want to say thank you to my wife. just stepped down as secretary of education in virginia after working hard her entire career to help young people. why did she stepped down, she wanted to go full time between now and november 8 and make sure we do all we can to elect hillary clinton as the next president of the u.s.
[applause] i learned in inches and bit of trivia. problem6 is women's a -- the quality day. give it up for women's equality. it is women's equality because on august 26, 1920, the federal government certified that enough states ratified the 19th amendment of the constitution giving women the right to vote and 90 six years later we are about to make the first woman president of the united states. that is what is so very exciting for me to be on the ticket. when hillary ask me a month ago, i was so proud to work with somebody, president obama said this of the convention, she would be the most qualified individual to be a nominee of a major party in this country and
i am proud to be a partner with hillary clinton like a lot of strongmen in this country, my political career has been built on the foundation of support from a strong woman like my wife , campaign managers, agency heads, voters, donors, volunteers and now i am a strongmen ready to play the supportive role to make sure hillary clinton is our next president. do we all feel the same way? there is a lot at stake. i think you understand this. universityonderful virginiaeat tradition union is two miles from our house. opponent, ing virginia, we are all in the family. , hbc you is playing an
important role. 65% of minority engineers in the country, overwhelming numbers, venice, scientists, hbc you have a role that is important as it was when universities like sam you were founded. give it up for them. such an important part of this country hillary clinton understands the importance and that is why we have an initiative. it is part of the plan to grow jobs to invest $25 billion in hbcu. with otherether investors, pre-k education, career and technical education, free college for americans.
and these are the issues at stake. are a lot of issues at stake in the election but since i started, the talked about women's equality day, let's think about the quality, let's think the principles that we 1776 would be the northstar for nation. it there,nians put they were not living that way, that willad a wisdom measure our progress as a people. 200 40 years, we have been knocking down one barrier after the next, trying to live more lightweight with said we would live in 17 seconds six. that is something to think about as we approach this election. i think you know hillary clinton history. she was a law student at yell who could have done anything but
she wanted to work with the children's defense fund. she went to south carolina to investigate racial disparities and went to alabama to investigate disparities in the school system. i was a civil rights lawyer battling against housing discrimination. donald trump was getting sued for racial discrimination and the issue of housing. this is a fundamental difference between the two tickets and to the values we hold as a nation. you also seen hillary as a first lady of arkansas. a first lady of this country, the first 8 million kids were without health insurance. the senator helping families helping first responders after 9/11.
and childrenomen in the countries around the world have the intention of the u.s. government. hillary clinton has a career and track record for a quality and the causes we hold dear. me be honest,let donald trump has a different point of view. he has ridiculed people with , ridiculed people in they were mexican, es that anybody who is muslim should between it as second-class. that is not the way we do things. it is not the way we do things. donald trump was the main guy behind the scurrilous and bigoted notion that president obama was not even born in this country. donald trump continues to push the irresponsible falsehood from all the way to now and that is the difference in this election and that is mistakes.
calling him out on the fact he had supporters like david duke connect with the ku klux klan that are second donald trump is their candidate because donald trump is pushing their values. clan values, donald trump values are not american values and not our values we have to do all we to thepush back and win northstar. that gets down to the reason for this rally. the reason we are here. reputation oferb any university of student activism. getting people to understand the critical importance of voting. we are starting a national
movement as colleges are coming back into session to talk to students about registering and voting and we want sam you to lead the way. it is a very important thing. we have seen in states all over the country significant efforts by governors and legislatures to narrow down the right to vote. to narrow down early voting, to id requirements, to make it tougher for people to vote. go might have seen a few bc there was a court decision about state of north carolina. a federal court found, as a matter of fact, the highest officials and the state had acted with surgical precision to make it more difficult for african-americans to vote. for anyone who cares about small bead democracy, the efforts of state officials to put earnings
of the way, reduce participation and do it in a discriminatory righteous call us to action, righteous organization so we can show those will not succeed. florida, that in virginia, all over the country. one thing i would ask you to do, i would ask you to talk to friends and families to -- persuade people are persuade people to vote, and doing that is important because folks do not pay attention to the tv ads anymore, they don't believe them , but they believe the person to person, talking to a friend. somebody you are in class with. even calling as a volunteer, top and is somebody you not know. here is what they think -- they did not have to do this but they
are taking their time because it is important to them and maybe it should be important to me. if you are somebody safety you i , i't think my vote matters want to tell you what you say to them. the other side thinks it matters because a lot of people are doing a lot of work to put resurgence in ways to reduce votes of african-americans to reduce both the young folks. if they think it votes so matter, i hope your vote, hope you conclude your vote is valuable because they think it does. we have to have strong support of young voters and voters of the all ages. say what the days are in florida. every states rules all different. some of you might not be so here are the rules.
the last day to register to vote in florida is october 11 and that is the last day between now and october 11, register. florida will be one of the closest, possibly the closest, battleground sickest elections. by october 11er an early voting in florida, in person, early voting starts on saturday, october 29. followingtil the saturday, november 5. early voting is very important because some people are working or it is difficult vote on one day. that is the two days to remember. register by october 11 and be there for early voting october 29, through saturday, november 5. one more thing, if there is anybody who might be willing to volunteer to help us win this race, get us a shout out.
i know many of you probably already have. if you have not yet volunteered and you want to, all you have to 47246.taxed together to 47246.er" to you will be swept up like third encounters of the kind. we will seek you up. put you up. we will show florida is hanging tough. this election is a complicated season but we know how to do some work and florida as shown in 2008 and 2012 with the historic support from president obama that you can deliver the goods, save the day and bring for victory home. on november 8tory
with hillary clinton and let's make history every day as we move this nation forward. thank you so much. thank you. i will try again. thanks so much. [applause] ♪ >> today, mike pence attic at had a cap then rally in virginia. listen live on your phone with the c-span radio app. >> for campaign 2016, c-span is on the road for the white house. >> we need serious leadership.
this is not a reality tv show. this is as real as it gets. >> we will make america great again. ahead, live coverage of the presidential and vice presidential debate on c-span, the c-span radio at and c-span.org. monday, september 26 is the first presidential debate from hofstra. then, governor mike pence and tim kaine debate at monmouth university. on sunday, october 9, washington university in st. louis hosts the second presidential debate. the third and final debate thenst clinton and trump at university of nevada las vegas on october 13. live coverage on c-span. listen live on the freeseas been radio app or listen anytime live on c-span.org conference, homeland
security official suzanne farming discussed her role in protecting the infrastructure. discussion ofd it the federal government and corporations on corporate security. this is one hour and 25 minutes. [applause] >> good morning and thank you, josh, for that very gracious introduction. some of you already know, and everyone will eventually learn, we have spent over six decades occupying space on this earth. you wear a variety of hats. i will be very brief and explain different hats i wear. currentlyhair is special advisor to the american bar association. the standing committee recently celebrated its 54th anniversary,
president aba -- the and later supreme court justice powell and maury liebman. conducts studies on conferences and administers working groups highlighted in the intersection between law and national security. ,n behalf of the current share it is the committee's honor and pleasure to serve as a cosponsor of this institute. my day job as executive director of the national association of attorneys general. columbia,ct of attorneys general. we are working on that acronym. it is over 100 years old. theerves as a forum for
exchange of knowledge, experiences and insights on issues of and martin's of the state of an attorney generals. on behalf of the current president, it is my honor and privilege to also be a sponsor of this institute. now, why i'm really here and the pleasurable part of my morning to introduce the first speaker of the day. there are only a handful of real subject matter experts that occupy the space called national security law. those with education, knowledge and experience spans the very wide spectrum of what is included in that broad category. be intelligence, counterterrorism, weapons of mass destruction, cyber related issues, natural or man-made disasters, or issues she discusses bailey of the department of homeland security undersecretary spalding is one of those. she has served in political positions in both sides of the il. she is a hard oaisle.
she graphs solutions to hard complex problem. career to hernal professional commitment to a lifestyle of service. on a very personal note, i was y profound to see some spark in me and became both my mentor and my friend. i betterany others, attorney and better person because of her. please join me for the undersecretary of the program's director, the honorable suzanne spaulding. [applause] >> thank you so much for that really, very touching introduction. thank you for your many years of outstanding service as a public servant and fulfilling so many
of the important roles that lawyers for phil in this area -- fulfill ind his -- this area and your outstanding leadership. herey great to see you this morning and an honor to be introduced by you. joe, congratulations. homeland institute, hard to imagine. we remember the first. really terrific achievement. there were not many homeland security lawyers back in the day and now there are quite a few. your institute has helped to wein them and to make a sure have a fellowship of a network that is so important so thank you for your leadership on that. for the thank you
groundbreaking work you are doing in oklahoma. and making sure that the expertise and the knowledge and the insight do not just a in washington or come from washington, but in fact draw on the entire country. and the work you are doing at langston university to help train connection a ration of national security lawyers and are cyber pipelines. one of my greatest honors as having been invited to give the presidential address at langston university. i was made an honorary langston -- thank you. thank you to all of you for being here today. and for your participation in this institute. i think it is a very important conversation that happened and important commitment that you are making to this growing field of law.
i have talked about the time on the standing committee. when i found out who would introduce me, it got me to thinking about when i took over as chair of the standing committee on national security. i was scheduled to have my first meeting with our outstanding staff director who i think many of you know. a.m. on the morning of september 11, 2001, and i was getting ready to go down to the building next to the white house and watched what unfolded in the news that morning. happened and unfolded over an coming days and weeks was amazing reminder to me of the incredibly important role that lawyers play. in this country.
particularly, in times of crisis. the lawyers came together within two weeks of 9/11 -- it was september 28. what is usually a monthly breakfast with a speaker was that month just a coming practices, lawyers, interested in national security law to talk about the important role that law would play in the coming weeks and months. following that attack. lawyers play the important role of counselor, advocates, advocates -- educators and leaders in the community. and where i have the great honor to lead, i am extremely grateful for the lawyers i have. terrific group led by dan sutherland who will -- he has
been very involved in this homeland security law institute over the years, tremendous lawyer who has been together a tremendous. jamie banker is the head of my privacy is office and critically important to our team. between the two of them and the part they are a critical of maintaining that trust with all of our stakeholders that is absolutely essential to our, she our mission. their role has never been more important because their mission has never been more important than it is now. we look at the terrorist threat. we have made a lot of progress since that morning of september 11. much harder today for terrorists to perpetrate a large-scale attack of the kind we saw that morning. rise inre now seeing a
the growth of smaller attacks. lisa talk about terrorist directive attacks and then we talked about terrorist inspired, it's recently -- increasingly, terrorist justified attacks but these are much smaller attacks that can come out of nowhere. attacke much harder to -- detect. that thiscognize means that the reds are increasingly vocalize. it requires that we make sure we have a robust regional effort and so we are moving resources from headquarters into our region. we are strengthening our presence and support on the ground, close to the communities all across the country that are
facing this threat. that is a big part of what is happening in the national protection program to address this threat. level, thertmental office of community partnership which is focused on countering extremism in congress has given us authority to establish a grant or graham. starting with a $10 million fund to help fund efforts across the in waysby communities we can help get them a megaphone to amplify their messages. voices, the authentic messages for cantering authentic treatments and will come for a fee meetings across the country and we can test pray to help them give a megaphone.
our role is to help communities focus on the ways they can be more secure and resilient. we work through our protective who are advisers deployed across the country who work directly with, are critical infrastructure which includes commercial facilities. all those venues where the public gathers, shopping malls, movie theaters, outdoor venues, entertainment, sports stadiums, etc. they are there every day to work with the folks to understand vulnerabilities in ways they can mitigate those former abilities to provide situational awareness of the threat environment in which they face. we have developed ways to be able to share classified information. we work every day to get itormation declassified so
can be shared as widely as possible with all those that can make great use of it to protect his nation. if we have classified information, we have clear, private sector experts who come in and can look at the classified intelligence. we tell him, here is what we got, what do you see? what do you see? bring your expertise and your insights. most importantly, help us craft unclassified alerts and mitigation measures that can be broadly across critical infrastructure and they can help us identify what is really actionable in that classified information. what do we need to go back to the intelligence community and say we need this declassified we can make it available to those it?need one of the most important things we do is working through the
sector coordinating council for each of the 16 structures is to help them understand, of events. that is to help them understand their dependencies and the possibility of cascading consequences. analytic unique capability that we bring to their that we are able to do in collaboration with the private sector so they can help prioritize their effort. we provide situational awareness through those intelligence calls and alerts in a time of heightened threat environment. we will rapidly pulled together the sectors for calls to share with the others. , ways inpractices which they are responding to an understanding the heightened threat and to find out what we can do what they need from us.
that now happens as a matter of importance. out information to state and local law enforcement. it is now increasingly routine whenwindows alerts -- those alerts go out to state and law enforcement, that information is going out to the private sector, that they are true partners in that national security effort. we do campaigns around significant issues. inouple of years ago ,alifornia, the metcalf attack we did a campaign all across the country to make sure that the electric utility companies across the country understood what had happened there, to share the best practices that were derived from that event, and to help make sure that we strengthened