tv U.S. House of Representatives Legislative Business CSPAN September 7, 2016 4:00pm-6:01pm EDT
the chair: on this vote the yeas are 175, the nays are 236. the amendment is not adopted. the unfinished business is the request for a recorded vote on amendment number 4 printed in house report 114-724 by the gentlewoman from texas, ms. jackson lee, on which further proceedings were postponed and the noes prevailed by voice vote. the clerk will redisnat the amendment. the clerk: amendment number 4 printed in house report 114-724 offered by ms. jackson lee of texas. the chair: a recorded vote has been requested. those in support of the request for a recorded vote will rise
and be counted. a sufficient number having arisen, a recorded vote is ordered. members will record their votes by electronic device. this will be a two-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
the unfinished business is the request for a recorded vote on amendment number 5 printed in house report 114-274 by the gentleman from arizona, mr. gosar, on which further proceedings were postponed on which the noes prevailed by voice vote. the clerk will redesignate the amendment. the clerk: amendment number 5 printed in house report 114-724 offered by mr. gosar of arizona. the chair: a recorded vote has been requested. those in support of the request for a recorded vote will rise and be counted. a sufficient number having arisen, a recorded vote is ordered. members will record their votes by electronic device. a two-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
the question is on the committee amendment in the nature of a substitute as amended. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. the ayes have it. the amendment is adopted. accordingly, uer the rule, the committee rises. the speer pro tempore: mr. chairman. the chair: mr. speaker. the committee on the whole house on the state of the union has haunder consideration h.r. 5063 and pursuant to house resolution 843 i report the ill back to the house with an amendment adopted in the committee of the whole. the speaker pro tempore: the chair of the committee of the whole house on the state of the union reports that the committee has had under consideration the bill h.r. 5063, pursuant to house resolution 843, reports the bill back to the house with an amendment adopted in the committee of the whole. under the rule the previous question is ordered. is a separate vote demanded on any amendment to the amendment reported from the committee of the whole?
if not, the committee is on adoption of the committee amendment in the nature of a substitute as amended. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. the ayes havet. the amendment is agreed to. the question isn engrossment and third reading of the bill. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. ayes have it. third reading. the clerk: aill to limit donations made pursuant to settlement agreements to which the united states is a party nd for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: the house will be in order. members, clear the well. the house will be in order. members, clear the well. clear the aisles, find a seat.
the speaker pro tempore: the ouse will be in order. for what purpose does the gentlelady from new york seek recognition? >> i have a motion to recommit at the desk. the speaker pro tempore: is the gentlelady opposed to the bill? >> i am opposed. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the motion. the clerk: ms. meng of new york moves to recommit the bill to the committee on the judiciary with instructions to report the same back to the house forthwith with the following amendment.
page 3, line 11, insert after settlement agreement the following -- accept except as provided in subsection e, add at the end of the bill the following. e, exception for settlement agreement that reduces health care costs. the provisions of this act do not apply that reduces the costs of life-saving medical devices through the enforcement of the antitrust laws. ms. meng: this is the final -- the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized for five minutes. ms. meng: mr. speaker, this is the final amendment to the bill which will not kill the bill or send it back to committee. if adopted, the bill will immediately proceed to final passage, as amended. the purpose of my motion is simple. it says that the restrictions in the underlying bill do not apply to settlement agreements that ultimately result in lower prices for life-saving medical devices. mr. speaker, americans are
hurting across this country. far too often there have been companies that have sought to profit off the most vulnerable monopoly-like action and power. when that happens, mr. speaker, particularly when it comes to medical devices, it is the federal government's role to ensure that consumers are protected. to ensure that all americans have access to devices they need, particularly when it is a matter of life and death. in my opinion, we have to look no further than the actions of the makers of epipens. the device every parent of a child with severe allergies is aware of. when a child goes into shock, this is the device that will save his or her life. unfortunately, epipen's maker, mylan, has chosen to
systematically inflate its profits over the past several years without reinvesting those profits for further business activities, such as research and development. instead, we've seen c.e.o. pay raise astro numberic @ly and quarter -- astro numberically and quearl profit -- quarterly profits skyrocket. this is wrong. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady will suspend. the house will be in order. will members kindly remove your conversations from the floor? the gentlelady deserves to be heard. the gentlelady may proceed. ms. meng: this is so wrong we've taken notice of these actions and congress is investigating whether antitrust laws have occurred with respect to mylan. if we found we have and d.o.j. or another government agency agrees, let's not hamstring the
settlement that may ultimately be reached with mylan. clearly we're not the jurors in this case and we're not structuring the terms of any eventual possible deal, but let's not preclude the agencies seeking to reach a deal that will solve problems for americans in need, a deal that may actually reduce the cost of life-saving medical devices. with that, mr. speaker, i urge support of this motion and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from pennsylvania seek recognition? >> i rise in opposition to the motion. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for five minutes. >> mr. chairman, i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. marino: nothing in this bill interferes with antitrust settlement. nothing. the bill goes to congress'
constitutional power. that is why every member of congress should oppose this motion to recommit. i say this because it targets legislation designed exclusively to strengthen congress. serious people on both sides of the aisle understand the importance of congress' spending power. a major theme of the speaker's a better way initiative is that the spending power is one of congress' most effective tools in reining in executive overreach. mickma egal scholar agrees. congress would act as the first branch of congress, the constitutional framers gave the legislature virtually exclusive power to control the nation's purse strings. they knew that the power of the purse was the most far reaching
and effectual of all governmental powers, end quote. this motion stems from a misunderstanding of the governing principle of this bill, which is simply this -- d.o.j.'s authority to settle cases requires the ability to obtain redress for actual victims. actual victims. however, once victims have been compensated, deciding what to do with additional funds extracted from defendants becomes a policy question properly decided by elected representatives in congress, not agency bureaucrats or prosecutors. the framers assigned this job to congress. it is in everyone's interest to preserve the careful balance of our framers' wisely struck constitutional issues. if you believe in checks and
balances, oppose the motion and support this bill. if you believe that effective congressional oversight of the executive branch is important, oppose this motion and support this bill. if you believe that congress' ability to rein in executive overreach will be important in future administrations, oppose this motion and support this bill. i urge my colleagues to defend congress' institutional interests by opposing this motion and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the previous question is ordered. the question is on the motion to recommit. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. the noes have it. ms. meng: mr. speaker, i ask for a recorded vote. the speaker pro tempore: a recorded vote is requested. those favoring a recorded vote will rise. a sufficient number having arisen, a recorded vote is ordered. members will record their votes y electronic device. pursuant to clause 9 of rule 20, this five-minute vote on the motion to recommit will be followed by a five-minute vote on passage of the bill, if
ordered. once again, this is a five-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
the speaker pro tempore: on this vote the yeas are 181. the nays are 234. the motion is not adopted. the question is on passage of the bill. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. he ayes have it. >> mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from michigan. mr. conyers: mr. speaker, i ask for a recorded vote. the speaker pro tempore: a recorded vose is requested. those favoring a recorded vote will rise.
a sufficient number having arisen, a recorded vote is ordered. members will record their votes by electronic device. this is a five-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
the speaker pro tempore: on this vote the yeas are 241, the nays are 174. the bill is passed. without objection, the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition? mr. sessions: mr. speaker, i ask unanimous con sent that it be in order at any time on the legislative day of september 9, 2016, for the speaker to
entertain motions that the house suspend the rules as though under clause 1 of rule 15, related to bills s. 2040, to deter terrorism, provide justice for victims and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, so ordered. without objection, the chair appoints the following conferee on s. 2012 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of representative whitfield. of kentucky. the clerk: mr. kinzinger of llinois.
the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to clause of rule 20, the chair will postpone further proceedings today on the motions to suspend the rules on which a recorded vote or the yeas and nays are ordered. or on which the vote incurs objection under clause 6 of rule 20. record votes on postponed questions will be taken later. for what purpose does the gentleman from california seek recognition? mr. royce: mr. speaker, i move that the house suspend the rules and pass house resolution 660. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the resolution. the clerk: house resolution 660, resolution expressing the
sense of the house of representatives to support the territorial integrity of georgia. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from california, mr. royce, and the gentleman from nork, mr. engel, each will control -- new york, mr. engel, each will control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from california. the house will be in order. will all members remove their onversations from the floor. mr. royce: mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentleman from california. mr. royce: i would ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and to include extraneous material for the record. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, so ordered. mr. royce: ok. i would yield, mr. speaker, five minutes to the gentleman from texas, judge poe, chairman of the foreign affairs subcommittee on terrorism,
nonproliferation and trade, and else the author of this measure. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from texas is recognized for five minutes. mr. poe: i thank the chairman of the committee and the ranking member for their support in this legislation. mr. speaker, i was in georgia in 2008 when the russians invaded that sovereign country and took 1/5 of their nation away from them. i saw the russian tanks on the hill and unfortunately many years later those russian tanks are still on the hills of georgia. russia is a cancer in the area. it is trying to infiltrate countries in the region, trying to spread its propaganda and conquering ideas to the former soviet republics. russian troops maintain a strangle hold on the occupied territories of georgia. russians have forced ethnic georgians to leave and forbid everyone who still lives there from speaking the georgian language or traveling to georgia.
the illegal russian occupation of georgia is not a simple matter of territory, it's an attack on ideas. the an assault on the very freedoms and liberties that are god given. georgia's small and young democracy -- georgia's a small and young democracy, despite the rough neighborhood it lives in. surrounded by corrupt dictators ia. cluding rush in fact, over the past 25 years, georgia has become the freest nation in the region. it has championed good governance, economic reform and democracy while combating corruption and ensuring press freedom. this is no small achievement. iverb met with the first -- i've met with the first georgian government and the second georgian government and met with many of their officials, but mostly i've met with the people of georgia and they are freedom-loving individuals. georgia sets up a strong contrast to the authoritarian putin up north. putin does not like having a
beacon of freedom shining brightly from the south with his imperial aggression kingdom looking down on them. this is exactly week i would putin decided to innovate -- why putin decided to innovate georgia eight years ago. georgia represents the democracy and a democratic potential in the region. putin would like nothing more than to cause unrest in georgia and turmoil like he has done in other nations. including ukraine. georgia's a strong ally of the united states. georgia has more troops in afghanistan fighting alongside our troops than any non-nato ally. it's made hard reforms in order to join nato and the european union. the resolution expresses our solidarity with georgia. i'm proud to be a co-chair, along with my friend, mr. connolly from georgia, of the georgia cawculls. this resolution condemns russia's illegal occupation of tory, send as clear
message to putin that the united states will never recognize his control over any part of georgia. our friends in georgia and the region must know that the united states will not waiver in its longstanding support for its allies in the face of the napoleon of siberia. we must be clear about our commitment to our friends. instead of retreating from the world stage, the united states must deepen its relationships with our allies. georgia's a valuable ally, threatened by the cold russian winds of authoritarianism. john f. kennedy, our president 50 years ago, said we would support any friend that believes in freedom. it's time we step up and support the nation of georgia. i urge my colleagues to support this important resolution and send a signal to our enemies and our friends all over the world that the united states means it when it says it will support its allies. and that's just the way it is. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: thank you, mr. speaker. i rise in support of this
measure and i yield myself as much time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. engel: mr. speaker, i'm glad that mr. poe said that's just the way it is because i agree. it's just the way it is. i agree with everything he says and want to thank him and mr. connolly for their work on this very timely resolution. mr. speaker, it's clear that russia's president, vladimir putin, is doing everything in his power to steamroll the efforts of the u.s. and our allies over many decades to build a europe that is whole, free and at peace. and we shouldn't forget that the illegal occupation of crimea and parts of eastern ukraine isn't the first time he's trampled on his neighbor's territorial integrity. last month we marked eight years since russian troops moved into georgia where they remain to this day. i believe keeping georgia out of nato in 2008 was a -- was a terrible mistake and indeed then president med zverev -- medvedev cited the failure as a signal that russia needed to push across the border. even when its sovereignty
fractured for eight years, georgia will soon write another chapter in its history of freedom and democracy by holding parliamentary elections. we went to a celebration, i believe mr. poe was there, celebrating the 25th anniversary of freedom from communism by georgia. and you really have to -- your heart has to go out to the georgian people and what they've been able to accomplish under very, very adverse circumstances. georgia was a member of part of the soviet union for so many years, it was clear that they didn't wish to be, but they were forced to be. . georgia of course was an independent country and declared so, but that wasn't good enough for mr. putin. so the resolution we're considering today reaffirms the commitment of the united states to our partners in georgia. we believe this georgia's territorial integrity should be restored just as with ukraine. we do not recognize russia's occupation of parts of that country as legitimate and we
never will, and i think we have to say that again, the russian occupation of parts of georgia is illegal and georgia should remain whole and free and the russians ought to get out. we review georgia's democracy and vibrant society as a beacon in an increasingly challenge part of the world, and we continue to believe that the door should be open for georgia to work with us. i continue to believe that the door should remain open for georgia for e.u. membership. i urge support of this resolution and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york reserves. the gentleman from oregon is recognized. california. y apologies. >> i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. royce: georgia has repeatedly proven that it is indeed a strong partner of the
united states, but russian president vladimir putin is trying to sever our connection in order to re-establish russia's domination over georgia. that's part of the problem here, and ever since he came to power in 2000, president putin has pursued an aggressive policy toward georgia that has included economic coercion and armed conflict and occupation of the regions of abkhazia and of south ossetia. this is similar to his ongoing campaign, frankly, against ukraine where russia has annexed crimea outright. putin has -- president putin has these territorial ambitions in georgia as well and is promoting separatist forces in abkhazia and in south ossetia with the ultimate goal of annexing those regions outright or in all but name. in fact, russia has already
formally recognized these two regions as independent countries. as part of that effort, russia is using its enormous propaganda machine to convince the georgian people that the u.s. and the west have abandoned them and that they have no option but to submit to moscow, to submit to its imperial ambitions. this strategy will soon be put to the test. it's going to be put to the test in georgia's parliamentary elections on october 8 because moscow is hoping that its campaign of disinformation will convince the georgian people that they are alone and helpless and that they must give up close ties with the west or that they will face greater hardship. our broadcasts through radio free europe, radio liberty, should be an important counter
to this harmful propaganda. by voting overwhelmingly for this resolution, the house will send a powerful message that will be heard not only throughout georgia but in the kremlin as well, and that message is the united states will not accept russia's efforts to undermine georgia's sovereignty and their territorial integrity and that we will always remain a strong partner of this embattled democracy and of the brave georgian people. i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from california reserves. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: yes. at this time i reserve the alance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from california.
mr. royce: i want to recognize for such time as he m consume the gentleman from south carolina. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from south carolina is recognized. mr. sanford: i thank the chairman and i totally apologize. i thank the gentleman in terms of indulgence of time. i had the pleasure of going to georgia over the recess with congressman duncan and we had an incredible experience and we saw firsthand the very thing you are talking about with regard to the russian occupation of nearly 20% of the land mass of georgia. it is having a real-world impact in terms of threat to that part of the region, threat in terms of investment, threat in terms of further economic development to that country and what i think has been impressive are the market reforms that have taken place there, the way that the economy has burgeoned as a consequence
of those market reforms but, again, in the way in which the russian threat threatens all of that in terms of the growing democratic move, the growing economy, the change of people's lives. and so i just want to praise you and say thank you for bringing this resolution to the floor because i think it does make a difference in tms of signal to that part of the world that people we met with and saw firsthand are seeing the consequence of the russian occupation. and with that i'd yield back and thank you so much for the time. mr. royce: thank you so much, mr. sanford. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from south carolina yields back. he gentleman from new york reserves? mr. engel: mr. speaker, may i inquire if there are any more speakers? then i will take my time to close. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york. mr. engel: vladimir putin has no regard to his neighbor's sovereignty and i think we should be doing more to push back russia's aggression.
we need to say that his past bad behavior is not acceptable. russia's illegal occupation, as we said, of georgia has gone on for too long. he's occupied other places as well, muldova, crimea, ukraine, which is part of crimea. if we just let him do this, there will be no end in sight. the united states has to really be strong about this. so i'm glad we're sending this message today that we stand with the people of georgia. we want to see their country made whole again, and we will never accept russia's illegal claims. i'm glad to support this measure. i urge my colleagues to do the same. again, this is bipartisan because we all oppose aggression, and abkhazia and south ossetia should not be occupied. it should go back to be part of the country and be a free and independent georgia. i ask my colleagues to support this measure, and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york yields
back the balance of his time. the gentleman from california is recognized to close. mr. royce: well, thank you, mr. speaker. i would just close by acknowledging again and thanking judge poe, chairman poe, a valued member of the foreign affairs committee and author of this measure for this resolution and for his focus to see that we collectively send a clear and powerful message to the people of georgia and to president vladimir putin that the u.s. is and will remain a steadfast friend of this embattled democracy. and i would also add that judge poe's resolution comes at a crucial time because the kremlin is trying to convince the georgian people that we have abandoned them and that they have no choic but to submit to moscow, and i think by passing this resolution we will send our own message. we will send aowerful message
of support to the people of georgia and ensure that when the georgiansast their vote in next month's parliamentary elections they will do so confident that the american people will stand by them, and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: all time having expired, the question is will the house suspend the rules d agree to house resolution 660. those in favor will say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 having responded in the affirmative -- mr. poe: mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempo: the gentleman from texas. mr. poe: i ask for the yeas and nays. the speaker pro tempore: the yeas and nays are requested. all those in favor of taking the vote by the yeas and nays will rise and remain standing until counted. a sufficient number having arisen, the yeas and nays are ordered. pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, further proceedings on this question will be postponed. for what purpose does the gentleman from california seek recognition? mr. royce: well, mr. speaker, i move the house suspend the rules and pass house resolution 634, as amended. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of
the resolution. the clerk: house resolution 634, resoluti recognizing the importance of the united states-republic of korea-japan trilateral relationship to counter north korean threats d nuclear proliferatn, and to ensure regional security and uman rights. the speaker pro mpore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from california, mr. royce, and the gentleman from new york, mr. engel, each will control 20 minutes. the chair now recognizes the gentleman from california. mr. royce: i ask unanimous consent th all members may have five legislative days to evise and extend their remarks and o include an extraneous material on this resolution. the eaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. royce: thank you very much, mr. speake i yield myself such time i maconsume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. royce: mr. speaker, i rise in support of house resolution 634, recognizing the imptance of the united states-republic f korea-japan trilateral
relationship -- recognizing the importance of the united states-republic korea-japan trilateral relationship to counter north korean threats and nuclear proliferation, and to ensure regional security and human rights. with north korea's continued bellice rhetoric and their belligerent actions, it's critical we stanwith o korean and japanese allies to ensure the stability of the asia pacific, and this resolution expresses strong support for not only increased trilateral cooperation but for the deployment of the missile defense system, which will b deployed late next year. importantly, this bill states that a strong united states-republic of korea-japan trilateral relationshiis stabilizing force for peace and security in the region with capabilities to combat future provocations from north korea. today with an ever me belligerent north korea, this is crucial.
the kim regime test fired a submarine launched ballistic missile. although the missile traveled ly 310 miles in the direction , japan, clearly, clearly pyongyang is one step closer to being closer to target any sightn the pacific. our government rightly stood stood side bside. we must remain vigilant. while there are a seemingly inexhaustible number of threats around the world, i believe navy admiral harry harris, commander ofac-com, was fundamentally correct when he identified north korea, for nd kim jong un as the grtest immediate threat to asia and the pacific and the united states. i a my colleagues to support our close alliances with south
korea and japan and suort th impornt resolution and i will rerve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from california reserves. the gentlemanrom new york is recognized. mr. engel: i thank you, mr. speaker. i rise in support of this measur and i yield miffs myself. toip -- and i yield myself such time as i may consume. i want to thank you for offering this resolution. mr. speaker,his week the kim regime in north korea has again shown the world they he no intention of stabilizing their behavior. the recent missile launches are a reminer we must keep up the pressure on that rogue country. i'm glad obama and the president of sou korea met abt the tests and i'm glad that the sanctions against pyongyang should be imemented. it's a reminder that one the best tools for dealing with north korea thenited states-japan-south korea trilateral relationship. these ties allow our countri to coordinate more closely on security issues, share
intelligence more quickly and effectively and tpack bigger punch as we hold the k regime in north korea accountable for its atrocious record and dangerous rerd and terrible rord on human rights. i visited north korea twice, mr. speaker, a ian tell you the people of that country deserve much, mh better. inmy view, we should be looking for ways work even more closely with south korea and japan, a we need to keep up the pressuren china and russia to do more to address the challengef north korea. china can put pressure on north korea. china is the only one that ca control what north korea does, and yet all wget is lip service it'sot acceptable. so i'm glad to support this asure. it sends a message that congress understands the value of its trilateral relationship as a cornerstone of regnal stability. i thank the chairman. i thnk mr. salmon for his hard work and leadership and i reserve the balan of my time.
the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman serves. the gentleman from california is recognized. mr. royce: i'd like to yield four minuteso the gentleman from arizona, mr. salmon, 's chairman of the foreign affas ubcommittee on asia and the pacific. he's also author of this measuret i wanted to thank him pticularly for hiseep engagement in asia on this and so many other issues as well. . mr. salmon: i rise in sport of house resolution 634 recognizing the importance of the unings and e relationship to counter north rean threats and nuclear proliferation and ensure regional curity and human rights. i thank chairman roe and ranking member engefor their support of this legislation as well a all of my colleagues on bo sides of the aisle for this bipartisan effort. as we have all seen, north korea continues its provocations which we sn two days ago where they
launched three more missiles. not onldid this fly in the face of multiple u.n. resolutions, it was a caulated challenge to the international order. e administration's strategy o strategicatience clearly has not worked. what is clears we must work oactively with our allies to counter threats. the republicic of north korea and each partr has recnized the shared interest. demonstrated by the deep and long standinglliances eachhas wi the united states. our three nations working together as one against north korea's threats will fost regional security and fundamental rights fothe nort korean people. i have no doubt that north korea will continue its provocations and we must stand with its allies to counter its aggression. thisesolution puts forth
congresional intent to bolster the sport. our alliaes with korea and japan are the cornerstones of ace and serity inortheast asia. we enjoy robust surity with both ount tries, but from the forward deployment of assets to joint military exercises to informaon and intelligence sharing. in fact, korea recent lite elected deploy asr. royce just referred to, the u.s. terminal high altite defense system, which wilsupport existing u.s. and jpanese assets in the region and our ssion to deter north korea aggressio in light of north korea's clear tts and missile laches, imperative that the united states work even more closely with these allies to unter is persistent teat. i introduced this resoluon to reaffirthe importance of this
relationship in this tsee a unstable time. and it calls for expansion of formati sharing and oth diplomatic relationships between our three countries. this is a very important measure ofthe secuty of our homeland, thatf our allies, korea and japan and the international community at large d i encourage all members to support this lislation and iyield back. the speaker pro tpore: the gentleman from arizona yields back. the gentleman from new york is recognized mr. engel: i will cl now if there are no speers on the other si then i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlemareserves the balance of his time. e gentleman from california is rognized. mr. royce: i yield ree mutes to the entleman from new jersey, mr. smith, chairman of the feignffairs subcoittee on africa, global health, globa human rights. mr. smith: i thk the chaian fo yielding and his leadership
and ranking member engel and thankhairman salm for authoring this legislion. north koreaoses a threat to its nes and requires constant viglance and close cooperation regional allies. the alliae between the united ates south rea d jpan is ital to curtail northkorea's sabersrattlg and sure human a strong relationship between cracieso's leading and provi a balance between their uncertn diplomacy. ina enabl the trture by repatrioting those who escape t cha indirect contrention of the refugee conveion which they signed and provides kim needed currency by employing thousands o trafficked workers. t human comssion recommended
t u.n. impos targeed sanctionsesponsible for massive crimes againstumanity, china blockedffective u.n. action. the u.s., south korea and japan must work together to enlist thoorth koreans responsible fo egregious man rits abuses. gyang enles a those identified resnsible individuals for gross human rights -- ought t be held to account idividually. there is growing evidence that sanctio are having som effect. enow that high-level diplomats are defecting cognizing they will be held effect --ccountable. the relationship is important to ensureegional security.
a the rent tests of missie technology demonstratthat china cannot or will not control them despite chi's objections, theres needor deployment of heerminaligh altitude defense system to conduct joint military exercises to strengthen coordination d cooperation posed by the that of the north koean military. i support the resolution strongly and i hope t hse votes unanimously for it and i yielback t mr. royce. e speaker pro tempe: the gentleman from nejersey yields back. the gentlemafrom new york reserves. mr. royce: willield three minutetohe gentleman from ah, mr.tewart the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from utah i recognized. mr. stewart: i thank the airm and mr. salmon for lettg me speak in spport of this resolution. i voted with e embassy of
japan and ited th deputy ambassadola mth i utah. my pents lived f three yea illed wh art and b onsais tre. and mson serv as a missionary in sthorea. south korea and jap are critical to the secury and peace throughout asia. as member of the use intelligence committee, i'm remindeevery day that wlive a dgerous world. onop of the list of dangerous challeng is north k which is a brutal, thugish, repressive regime that unquestionably questisnternational security. as been mention, we learned within the last few weeks, three bstic ssiles have been launched towas
japan. unfortunately, thiisn't n. reports of similar missile launch from north koa seem to be routine and tt's why thisesoluons so important. no only doest condemn th missileaunches but reaffirms the imptance of atr relationsp oncegain between japan, south korea and the unitedstates. the strg relationshi ben our three countri is more important now than it has ever been before a w coordinate more reonal ballistic missile defense systems and shifting gears a little i would likementionamerican stent who disappeared in 2004 without explanatiowhile hiking in southwest china. he was fluent in korean and some experts havsuggested that he may have bn abctedto tra their intelligence operatives in ste cultu just last week, a news outlet in
japan reported that a nort korean defector saw davidnd he w teaching engli i sponsored a house resolion o investigat the north kore regime. ais why thiresolution that we are speaking abo today is so important its one of the foundatns that is necessa in ordefor usto move forward on these others. i urge my colleagueso support house resolution34. witstrong united states, pan and south korea, relationship is critical to stoppinorth korea expansn and operating as ariminal enterprise. i thank the chairman for letting peak on behalf of this solution and wh that, i eld back. the speaker pro tempor t getleman yields back the bance ohis time. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: in closing, let me say greater ability and security needs to be a top
ty for the unit states. o interests in thelliances n that part of the wor are growing more and more imrtant with each pssing day. when we see a threat like north korea,e need to wkwith our partns in the regn to respond. our ties with south koa and japan a so imptant. thiis an alliance that has underpind and will continue to underpinecurity asia for years to come. we are voicing our strong i support thiseasurend i a all m colleagues to suppt it speaker pro tempore: the gentleman om new york yields back. t gentleman from california is recognized to cse. . royce: yes, mr.peaker, in closing, i woult out that unatchetup his agessive actiswe nee to stan shoulder-to-should with our south korea and japanese
allies and being more proactive with the sanctns law tt w pass earlier thisear. it i unacceptabe that no japanese cpaniehave bee sanctionednder t law by the dministrion. we are workingthat. but today, thisresoluon before u sends a very strong signal that ourartnership will main a standard for security in the asia pacific. and i urge all members' support and i yield back. the speaker prll time having expired, the question is will the hous suspendhe rules and agreeo house resotion 634 as amended. those in favor s aye. those posed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 beingnhe affirmative, th rules e suspended, the soluti is agreed t and without oection, the moti to rensider i id on the ble.
for wharposeoes the ntleman from califoiaeek recognion? mr. roe: mr. speaker, i me thhouseusnd the ruse and pass h.r. 4481 a amended. the cl h.r. 4481, a bl to amend the foreign assistance act of 1961 torovide assistance for devepingountries to promot basuality educaion and establish t goal of all children in school d learng as an objecte ofthe unitd sttes foreigsistance policy d for otherurpose the speaker pro tempore puuant to the rule, the gentlefrom california, mr. royce a the gentleman fromew york, mr. engeleach w ntrol 20 minutes. e chair recognizes the gentleman from calora. mr. royc i ask unanimous have five legislive days to revise and exnd their remarks and include any extraneous marial on this mease, mr. speaker.
e speaker pro tempo: without jection. mrroyc i yieldyselfh ti i may cme. the speaker oempore: th gentlen is recognized. mr. royce: at heutset, let me thank our colleague, nita lowey, the author of this measure. i appciate her and her team's oowork on thiill and also jessic a staff mber. i appciather efforts as ll dakg se this ce to the floor. thstability around the globe is dependent s. ands the congresswoman wou and their le
but despite widespread agreement about the benefits of education, the fact remains that an alarming number of children worldwide are out of school. 120 million children around the globe have never attended or have dropped out of school. more than one-third of these children come from countries suffering from war and suffering from conflict. with many recent conflicts lasting well over a decade, it is easy to see how we have entire generations of children who are failing to receive even he most basic education.
and children leave school unable to read or write. and sadly we know these children face a greatly increased risk of abuse. abuse at the hands of traffickers or early marriage or forced marriage or the recruitment by criminal or terrorist organizations. nowhere is this harsh reality more clear than in syria where an estimated four million syrian children are currently out of school. inside is syria, these children are being shaped by violence and a lack of alternatives that place them at a high risk of
exploitation and very high risk of radicalization and as refugees, they are placing tremendous pressure on the education systems of countries like lebanon, jordan and and that is why i rise in support of h.r. 4481, the education for all act. this bill increases direction and accountability for u.s. efforts to impose access to basic education in developing and in conflict-torn countries. it requires the president to establish a strategy, not only to report to congress but on how the administration will work with other countries and with donors and how to build that capacity and how to reduce duplication and how to measure progress and how to replicate success in its basic education programming, especially for children affected by conflict
and crisis. and it also requires increased attention to some of the specific barriers to education that women and that girls face. and lastly, the bill establishes a senior coordinator within the u.s. agency for international development to ensure accountability and oversight across all u.s. agencies that are involved in this work. and so, again, i want to thank representative lowey for her continued bipartisan leadership on this issue as well as my committee's ranking member, mr. engel, and the chair of our africa subcommittee, mr. smith, for their work on this legislation and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from california reserves. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: mr. speaker, i rise in support of this legislation, and i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. engel: let me again thank our chairman, ed royce, for his leadership and i want to acknowledge my good friend and neighbor from new york, nita
lowey, who authored this bill and has been a champion of expanding access to education, not just in the united states but around the world. mr. speaker, a recent report from the united nations tells us that around the world more than 260 million young people are not in school. 260 million. that's a staggering amount. millions more are only able to gain a substandard education. so we cannot overstate the importance of getting young people off to a god start by getting them into -- good start by getting them into the classroom. every year, primary schools increases and earnings potential 5% to 15%. more are healthier and productive, so it's a win all the way around. and promoting access to education isn't just about helping young people reach their potential, it's also about enhancing security and stability. every year a young man spends in school the likelihood of him becoming involved in violence
and extremism drops by 20%. in places like afghanistan and south sudan where roughly half of children are not in school, we know that violent extremists and others are only too happy to provide a rotten alternative to these vulnerable young people. that's why access to basic education needs to be a foreign policy priority. this legislation calls for a five-year strategy for expanding opportunities for kids to go to school all over the world, especially where children are most vulnerable. it would put a new point person in charge of making sure that our efforts across government are coordinated and effective and it would place a special emphasis on monitoring an evaluation so we know we're getting the best bang for our buck when it comes to our investment in basic education. so this is a good bill that will actually help put children in classrooms around the world, giving them a better shot at a full and successful life.
again, i thank my friend, nita lowey. i'm proud to support this bill. i thank the chairman, and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york reserves. the gentleman from california is recognized. mr. royce: i'll continue to reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from california continues to reserve. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: thank you, mr. chairman. it's my pleasure now to yield ive minutes to my friend and wonderful colleague, nita lowey, five minutes. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady from new york is recognized for five minutes. mrs. lowey: thank you, mr. speaker. and i want to thank chairman royce and ranking member engel for your support and your enthusiasm for this bill. thank you very, very much. mr. speaker, i rise in full support of h.r. 4481, the education for all act, which i introduced earlier this year with our colleague, david reichert. today, millions of american children are settling into new classrooms and getting back in the swing of their school
routines. despite the challenges many students in schools face, it's hard for us to imagine this time of year not being occupied with the excitement of new school supplies, teachers and school sporting events. unfortunately, the ability to access education at all remains a luxury in too many areas around the world. 263 million 014, children, adolescents and youth were not in school. our own u.s. agency for international development has reported that the world is in the midst of a global learning crisis. s of 2014, an estimated 25 million children were never expected to enroll in school, and 758 million adults could not read or write a simple
sentence. women and girls represent 2/3 of these staggering figures. even daring to attend school requires taking life-threatening risks for girls in many regions. malala was shot by the taliban pakistan at the age of 15 for attending school and advocating for other girls to do so. hundreds of girls have been kidnapped by boko haram for seeking an education and remains hostage. that's why this legislation is so critical. the promotion of international basic education must be among our chief development priorities. not only is it in the national security interests of the simplery es, it's
the -- it's simply the right thing to do. this bill works with multilateral organizations to help nations develop and implement quality programs, address key barriers to school attendance and have completion rates to the most vulnerable children worldwide. with a comprehensive strategy, the u.s. can lead the world in expanding access to millions of children who aren't in school and improving the quality of education for millions who are. measurable learning outcomes and updates to this strategy every five years with feedback from local and local education and development partners will ensure we build upon our successes to make progress towards universal education. additionally, the legislation strengthens congress' role and
enhances oversight of these efforts by creating a senior coordinator of the united states international basic ducation assistance with improving coordination, monitoring the education strategy and reporting to congress on implementation. these efforts will not only teach students the three r's, they will ultimately help protect vulnerable children from poverty, disease, hunger and ultimately extremism. i've long said there is no greater force multiplier than education. and education is a fundamental tool with which girls and boys are empowered to increase their economic potential, improve their health outcomes, provide for their families, address cultural biases and participate in their communities.
children who receive a quality education also contributes to more prosperous economies and healthier, peaceful and democratic societies. that is why the 9/11 commission concluded that ensuring educational opportunity is essential defeating global terrorism. first introduced in 2004, the bill we consider today represents many years of hard work to elevate the importance f global education, bipartisan compromise and the support of over 30 nonprofit and advocacy organizations. another minute? mr. engel: i yield the gentlewoman an additional two minutes. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized for an additional two minutes. mrs. lowey: the global campaign for education, the global
poverty project, the malala fund, many other vital partners. so in closing, i want to thank again chairman royce, ranking member engel and their hardworking staff for their diligent efforts to bring the education for all act before he house today, and i urge immediate passage. mr. speaker, i yield back the balance of my time. thank you. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady yields back the balance of her time. the gentleman from california is recognized. mr. royce: i reserve the right to close, mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: mr. speaker, i'll close now. let me say that if children around the world cannot get a basic education, it will be that much harder for them to get ahead later in life to contribute to their economies and communities, to help build prosperity and stability, to deprive violent extremists of political and potential recruits, and i think that's an important point because at a
time we're fighting extremism, children who are uneducated are much more vulnerable to be swayed by violent extremists, by the allure of violent extremists. so that's why we made expanding access to education a part of our foreign policy. with this legislation, we're building on existing efforts and making sure administrations, this one and ones to come, will focus on this priority for many, many years to come. again, i want to thank chairman royce for always working with me hand in hand for important measures like this in a bipartisan fashion. i want to thank congresswoman lowey for her hard work. she's been championing this for many, many years. i support this bill enthusiastically and urge all members to do the same, and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from california is recognized to close. mr. royce: well, i, mr. speaker, i, again, want to thank nita lowey and thank eliot engel. today, more than 65 million
men, women and children around the globe have been displaced by conflict. this is the highest level of displacement on record. even more than during world war ii. it is critical that we continue to work with other countries and partners to help address the massive education deficit that so many children now face and that our efforts be as efficient and effective as possible. the education for all act outlines clear priorities for this work with an emphasis on sustainibility and alignment with u.s. diplomatic development and national security interests. so i urge members to support this measure and, again, i thank my colleagues for working on a bipartisan basis, on the provisions here and i'll yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: all time having expired, the question is will the house suspend the rules and pass the bill h.r. 4481. as amended.
those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 having responded in the affirmative, the rules are suspended, the bill is passed, and wowed the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. for what purpose does the gentleman from california seek recognition? mr. royce: mr. speaker, i move the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 5533, as amended. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of he bill. does the gentleman intend to call 5537? mr. royce: yes, mr. speaker. 5537. as amended. the digital gap act, mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: correct. the clerk will report the title of the bill. the clerk: h.r. 5537, a bill to promote internet access in developing countries and update foreign policy toward the internet, and for other purposes.
the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from california, mr. roist, and the gentleman from new york, mr. -- mr. royce, and the gentleman from new york, mr. engel, will each control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from california. mr. royce: i ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days to evise and extend their remarks and to include extraneous material in the record. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. royce: i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. royce: as the author of this measure, i want to particularly recognize the invaluable contributions of the professional staff. i mentioned jessica kilch. but there is another staff member here who has played an outsized role to help shape the work of this committee and not just on the digital gap act,
which is before us, but melanie rubin has played a critical role in energy, in trade, in development legislation that we have passed out of the committee. and so i wanted to recognize her for that contribution. and i wanted to maybe focus the attention of the members on the fact that more than 60% of the world's population still lacks access to the internet. that's three billion people left out of one of the largest technological transformations of our time, leaving them lagging on economic growth, lagging on health, lagging in terms of potential for education. the dirth of internet global access negatively impacts us
here at home. 60% of the world's population can't buy american goods. they are shut out of e-commerce and limited in their ability to connect with others through social media. the digital global access policy act calls on the administration when ld a once policy expanding internet access. and this is common sense. if the u.s. development project supports the construction of a rural road, let's invite the private sector to lay down cable before the government helps to pour the concrete. we are providing more support to the disadvantaged community and making it easier for business to invest if we change our policies to do this. in this bill come plea mepts
existing efforts to expand internet access through the global connect initiatives. one of the many letters of support we received was from net hope, which outlined why the build-once approach in the digital gap act is so important. at net hope's letter explained, years ago a 100 million road construction project in liberia failed to include the lane of fiber optic lines of the project. the cost of laying this cable would have been negligence liable and maybe 1% of the total investment. today, the donors chose -- however, you know, if you look back, this is one example of many that we pulled out of the file where the donors chose not
to include the internet infrastructure in the project. so as a result, when you go toly er yeah, as i have, there is poor internet access and .ampered ebola access if that internet access was in place, it would have helped the u.s. and public health officials safely track the spread of ebola. it could have reduced the diseases' spread and could have saved lives. there is now a new project under consideration to do that same work that would have cost -- would have been negligible at the time the road was put in. since it's being considered after the fact, it will now cost tens of millions of dollars if
it is done and we will take years and years to complete. the build-once approach is smart economics, it's smart development. we simply get more bang for our buck when we coordinate these types of infrastructure investments with the private sector. so, mr. speaker, i will reserve the balance of my time, but i think the case is compelling for this. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from california reserves. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: i rise in support of this bill and i i yield myself such time as i may consume. i want to thank our chairman, ed royce from california. he has worked hard on this bill for a long, long time and i'm pleased to support this bill that he has introduced to expand access to the internet around the world. we share his goals. he was the driving force for this bill and this is really a
good bill. mr. speaker, a generation ago, few could have envisioned the internet would have opened up debate ways and change the global economy. broadband access give students to the rest of the world and face people face to face fa. a relief worker can relay information about where help and resources are needed to deal with a crisis. a farmer can make sure his produce are fetching a fair price. a journalist in a closed society can get online and shine the light of abuses and corruption. this tool can be used for harm spread y isis uses to propaganda but in the right hands, it sprds opportunity and
makes peoples' lives fully productive. like so many resources around the world, access to the internet depends on where you live and what you have and if you can afford it, living in a poor community or a rural area or being a woman in some places, make it harder to take advantage of the internet. roughly 60% of the world's population is not able to use this tool and the growth rate of internet access is slowing down. three-quarters of those who are offline live in 20 countries. think of what a difference it would make if these populations had access to a resource that so many of us take for granted. this bill aims to close that gap. chairman royce's legislation calls on the administration to ramp up efforts around the world to expand access to the internet
nd asking everyone to focus on internet access as a priority and it states clearly that expanding internet access especially in the developing world is an american foreign policy priority. i applaud chairman royce for doing this. and i'm glad to support this measure. i want to also thank two staff persons for their hard work. minnie rubin on the majority staff and janet on our side. they both worked very, very hard and i think they deserve special mention. i urge my colleagues to support this important bill and i commend chairman royce for working so hard on it. and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york reserves. the gentleman from california is recognized. mr. royce: i'm prepared to close. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york.
the gentleman from california is prepared to close. mr. engel: i will close. the way the internet has changed the world, would have been hard to believe a few decades ago. it would have been hard to believe that we would be thinking of the internet as a foreign policy priority. but we can and we should. today we know the internet has driven by the connecttiveness that we see across the global landscape. it is important that our foreign policy keep up with these changes. we want to see this tool used in a positive way by as many people as possible while guarding against exploitation that mean to harm us. this bill moves us in the right direction. i'm grateful to the chairman for bringing it forward and i urge my colleagues to support it. and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from california. mr. royce: thank you, mr. speaker.
i would like to thank the co-sponsors of the digital gap act who helped me with this legislation and first among them is representative engel and kathy mcmorris rodgers, representative grace meng and chairman mccaul, for their collaboration on this bill. the digital gap act would increase internet access with a relatively minor communications change. it would require that the united states' supported infrastructure projects are made transparent so the private sector can coordinate their investments in internet infrastructure. this is a commonsense approach we should implement now and the digital gap act also expresses the sense of congress that the state department should elevate and reform its efforts to address cyber space policy internationally. as technological policy issues
multiply and become more complex, it is important to identify clear lines of responsibility at the state department so that problems do not fall between the cracks of the many different offices that touch on these issues now. cybersecurity, internet freedom internet access are now core parts of our national security agenda and need to be treated as such by the state department. and lastly, i'll recognize the work of ms. rubin on this legislation and has been with the committee for over three years and has done outstanding work on technology and trade and other issues promoting development worldwide and she will be leaving us and will be greatly missed but continuing to do impressive and important things, improving lives overseas and improving the welfare of americans. thank you.
and i yield back the balance of my time, mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from california yields the balance of his time back. the question is, will the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 5537 as amended. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 being in the affirmative, the rules are suspended, the bill is passed and without objection, the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. for what purpose does the gentleman from california seek recognition? mr. royce: mr. speaker, i move the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 2845. he agoa enhancement act as amended. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. the clerk: a bill to promote access to benefits under the african growth and opportunity act and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from california, mr.
royce, and the gentlewoman from california, ms. bass, will each control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from california. mr. royce: i ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and include extraneous material on this measure. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. royce: i ask unanimous consent to place into the record an exchange of letters with the chairman of the committee on ways and means regarding this bill. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. royce: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield myself such time as i may consume. and i would just begin by thanking congresswoman bass for r important work on this initiative. and i'm proud to have been part of the african growth and opportunity act coalition. i have been part of that coalition since 2000 when we wrote the original bill. but i'd just recognize tom for
his contribution on this, professional staff member. but agoa allows african countries that respect the rule of law and respect free market principles to export many goods to the united states on a duty-free basis. the program has boosted africa's growth and especially benefiting women. from my trips there and seeing the results, it has strengthened the trade relationship between the united states and africa which is several multiples today than when the bill was originally passed. when congress re-authorized agoa earlier this year, i successfully pressed along with my colleague, congresswoman bass, for a 10-year extension and this will provide u.s. and african businesses the certainty needed to build supply chains and deepen their strong trade
relationships. and i also championed as well as karen bass, the inclusion of countries' strategies in agoa's re-authorization so that african countries to identify and make policy reforms to help them boost trade and take advantage of agoa's provisions. this bill includes important measures that seek thus to improve trade capacity building to increase the ability of african companies to export to the united states and improve trade facilitation to help remove the bureaucratic barriers and the needless red tape that twarts trade. this bill would grant more flexibility to the millennium challenge corporation, a development agency to support regional efforts, leveraging the internet so companies on both sides of the atlantic can learn
how to utilize agoa and foster engagement and put the trade hubs online giving african businesses that are not near the existing trade hubs the information they need to send their exports to the united states. and lastly, increased transparency of the pledges and results made by the u.s. and african leaders at the agoa forum, an annual meeting of government and business leaders looking to increase u.s.-africa trade. and so with these measures, we can help african countries and businesses fully utilize the enefits by agoa. i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentlewoman from california is recognized. . bass: this critical bill
compliments the african growth and opportunity act that was passed into law last june. i want to thank ranking member engel, chairman royce for your leadership on this and speaker ryan, but i also believe in the last piece of legislation, i eard the chairman say that nomani ruben is leaving us. i am disappointed but i want to compliment her not only on agoa but on the piece of legislation that we just passed. and you will be sorely missed. i also want to compliment margo sullivan who worked many, many hours on agoa that we re-authorized as well as the agoa enhancement act. by way of background, agoa is part of the u.s.-africa economic plat fort. agoa, a trade preference program, can help and stabilize jobs in eligible parting countries in sub-saharan africa
and in the u.s. it has increased african exports to the u.s. and it has helped raise africa's economic profile in this country. further, agoa has helped to maintain an increase -- and increased employment which has a million i direct jobs in sub-saharan jobs and 100,000 jobs in the u.s. with the potential of a growing middle class in africa, plus e growth of regional communities, africa has become one of the most dynamic global marketplaces. why? because each of the regional economic communities encompasses a number of countries that are evolving into regional economic powerhouses with huge markets of millions of upwardly mobile populations interested in quality goods and services. this is why sub-saharan africa is one of the most dynamic
global marketplaces up countries such as china, turkey, the european union realize that doing business with africa is good for their bottom lines. ironically, most african countries look to the u.s. to play a lead role in trading and investment with sub-saharan africa. yet, we hear from business people, academics in the region that while several african countries do considerable business with other countries, they do so because these countries are seeking to do business with africa. these same observers note candidly -- candidly that capacity building opportunities are by far more superior. it is with these experiences in mind that agoa stakeholders in the house under leadership of chairman royce and others supported the re-authorization of agoa last year. this is also why the passage of the agoa enhancement act, which strongly complements re-authorized agoa is equally as important. while the re-authorization is
for 10 years, this was a giant step in the right direction, agoa cannot live up to its full potential or be implemented as effectively as it must be without complementary legislation. agoa will benefit from this complementary legislation as it has benefited from a host of initiatives, such as the administration's signature power africa initiative and feed the future initiatives, just to name a few. arguably, agoa cannot be fully effective without an increase and access to electricity in sub-saharan africa. chairman royce led the effort to pass electrify africa and proactively called for a multiyear strategy to assist countries in sub-saharan africa address the power deficit. africa's expanding cities and rural areas need access to considerable and reliable sources of electricity. feed the future is also central to building opportunity and development throughout the
region. this innovative program helps to support critical food security in several nations by supporting family enterprises and by supporting small holder farmers. local farmers are able to lower risks to their farms, increasing yields and productivity and address threats posed by droughts, floods and other natural disasters. the agoa enhancement act helps to implement a more effective agoa as it calls for the administration to establish an agoa website to inform eligible agoa participating countries about critical information and technical assistance. h.r. 2845 also encourages the administration to support regional trade development in sub-saharan africa by facilitating transboundary trade and providing crucial capacity building skills for entrepreneurs. one of the most important aspects of h.r. 2845 was originally a separate piece of legislation that i offered --
authored and is now included that enables eligible countries with millennium challenge corporation compacts in good standings to enter simultaneously into one additional compact if the country is making considerable progress toward implementing the terms of the existing compacts. the other thing -- the other piece of this is that compacts can be used for regional economic integration. an example of m.c.c. projects, i was recently in liberia and liberia has an energy project million which has a turbine to additional facility, provide training at electric corporation employees and help establish an independent regulator. in summary, by establishing -- by the establishment of an agoa website, the prioritization of capacity training and by encouraging greater regional economic integration, h.r. 2845
helps to promote and develop a stronger economic relationship between sub-saharan africa and the united states, creating increased jobs and a win-win for both. once again, i thank chairman royce for his distinguished leadership on this crucial issue and, mr. speaker, i reserve the remainder of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from california reserves. the gentleman from california is recognized. mr. royce: mr. speaker, i see the gentleman from new york, mr. charlie rangel, on the floor, also one of the original authors of the african growth and opportunity act, and along with chairman chris smith and ranking member karen bass, one of the most engaged on initiatives to put africa on e map for u.s. trade and investment. and so with us is also the chairman of the subcommittee, mr. smith, and i want to yield
three minutes to him and thank him for his assistance with this legislation. mr. critz smith. mr. smith: thank you -- mr. chris smith. mr. smith: thank you, mr. chairman. i want to thank ms. bass who worked doggedly for the re-authorization. and mr. engel. i rise in strong support of h.r. 2845, the agoa enhancement act. when the african growth and opportunity act was enacted into law in may of 2000, it was intended to help eligible sub-saharan african countries to increase economic growth by providing duty-free, quota-free access to u.s. markets. for more than 6,400 items, from meats to textiles and apparel to petroleum to leather goods. because there were issues that needed to be addressed for agoa to be more effective as intended, congress has fine
tuned this important legislation since then and adjustments made several times to facilitate african exports to the united states. h.r. 2845 is the latest noble effort to make agoa work for more african producers, primarily by enhancing the technical assistance and information provided to african producers, including the establishment of a website to provide this information. people need to know what is available and how they can access this important treaty and its subsidies. the bill further allows countries with the millennium challenge account grants to foster regional economic integration. t also targets this africa trade, which is still less than 0% of all africa international trade. my colleagues have explained other aspects so i won't be
redundant. extending agoa in the last congress was a laudable achievement but will not have the full intended effect if african producers have limited information or abilities to effectively take -- this is a job creator both in africa and the united states, and i thank the chairman for his authorship and yield back. mr. royce: i thank the gentleman for yielding back. mr. speaker, i also wanted to recognize the gentleman from washington state, mr. jim mcdermott, and mr. jim mcdermott was also one of the original authors of the agoa legislation. he worked for many, many years to see it come to fruition. i yield -- i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from california reserves. the gentlewoman from california is recognized. ms. bass: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, in a minute i will yield my time to mr. rangel. i think he wants five minutes, but we'll see.
i have to say mr. rangel is one of the lions in this house, and i've had the honor of serving with him for the last six years. he knows i'm upset with him because he's choosing to retire, but when i came here and really wanted to work on african issues, i sought out these two gentlemen, both mr. rangel and mr. mcdermott. and i knew of their legacy. i knew of the work they had done and i went to mr. rangel and i asked him -- told him i wanted to get involved in the re-authorization of agoa and would he help me and we sat on the floor over there and you called over a bunch of members and told them what i wanted to do and you ordered them all to help me. we worked on it and was able to get it done. so i yield five minutes or more to mr. rangel. mr. rangel: mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to revise and extend. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. spend my final
hours in this august body, i think of all of the fond memories that i have enjoyed. i guess during these political times, one of the things i'm enjoying the most today is shattering the myth that republicans and democrats really can't work with each other. chairman royce, you have indicated a concern for the world and the country which shatters the myth that parties can't work together for the good of the united states of america. and certainly my colleague from new york, eliot engel, and you have proven that in it working together. yes, when ms. bass first came to the congress, she didn't come as an ordinary freshman. she had earned her stripes in the legislature of california. indeed, was the speaker. i was a little shocked when she
was trying to get support for her legislative committees that her interests would be africa. that is unusual but it's an indication of a person that comes here to this body with the type of commitment that makes you proud to be a member of congress and proud to be an american. there could be some connection between foster care and africa because if there was any continent that has been treated as a foster child and has been -- it has been the developing countries in africa. of course, i see an old-timer sitting there with his white hair, jim mcdermott, and i can wonder whether or not as a peace corps volunteer in africa
whether among your fondest dreams that you'd be a member of the house and creating a climate with people that have dignity and pride and be able to be a part of the world rather than just being a resource for stronger countries, and i can think of nobody that brought more to the committee than mr. williams and rosa. rosa whitfield in working with gingrich an working with republicans and how the leadership not only was able to get their sides but to see how the african diplomatic corps actually became the strongest lobbying force that we've had in the congress as the -- as they found