tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN September 19, 2016 6:00pm-8:01pm EDT
have going forward. >> [indiscernible] >> bill? >> i don't have information information that we are actively looking for a device. there is nothing to indicate he was on our radar. we had a report of a domestic incident sometime ago. the allegations were recanted. deblasio, was governor cuomo invited? [inaudible] yes he was invited, yes we are working with him. a lot of close coordination with the state, federal government,
etc.. you can see the results of this combined effort. saide commissioner including the people very deeply has made a huge difference. >> [inaudible] >> the question about radicalization, i do not have information yet to show the path of radicalization. your first question is about a record. currently do not recall. [inaudible]
>> right now, we are addressing a specific crisis and though it is a fair question we do not want to talk about partisan politics at this point. i am very proud of the nypd and the fbi and the way they have so quickly found this suspect. i have a lot of faith in law .nforcement right now >> what are the chances that there could be another device? marcia, at this point we are extremely grateful that we are able to apprehend the suspect in linden, new jersey. we are the number one target in the world. as far as this investigation and working with the fbi -- i am a
lot more unhappy today than yesterday. all new yorkers should feel secure that the nypd, and other law enforcement agencies, will continue to keep them safe as we continue this investigation to know who was involved and what. -- and why. individual no other we are looking for at this point in time. secondly, vigilance is called for and it is very important that people see anything unusual that they reported immediately. commissioner is exactly right. appreciative of the men and women who did all of this work to get this suspect but we want to remain vigilant.
>> did anybody film the apprehension itself and are you glad that the suspect survived the apprehension. ? how valuable is that? apprehension i am myself much more relieved than last night. oh for the value and the fact that we didn't lose a life. i cannot tell you who he is, we'll have to build out that whole picture and i don't have enough knowledge in my own head. >> [inaudible] >> in new jersey most recently but item have enough address history to do that right here. >> [inaudible] now.t right
[inaudible] >> several questions there. we think it is a very valuable tool. we think that it created a lot of focus and urgency. our law enforcement colleagues will be able to fill in the blanks on exactly what the positive effect was but from what we know now it contributed to the successful apprehension of the suspect. this is a tool we will use in the future. there obviously was an imminent threat. i think it's another example of the innovation going on with the nypd and oem that there was a way to reach people. different from the past. no wanted poster on the precinct house wall.
this was a modern approach that engaged the whole community. the reason it was used in this case was the pacific potential danger. >> chief void talk about that. >> [inaudible] >> we will let chief boyd talk about that. >> it looks like their work to trojan woman strolling up and down 7th avenue we have no information that would link them to this but we want to talk to them. we are considering them witnesses. once they picked it up, they seemed incredulous and walked off with it. we can hopefully get them identified.
twohat we know now, separate devices, wholly different and a couple of months apart. we are always rethinking central park. the other question i cannot answer. >> are you willing to say the undecorated device is a device undetonated object was a device? >> no, i'm not going to say that. >> [inaudible] >> five individuals from last night are not still in custody and i will not discuss the future. >> [inaudible]
>> the question is about to the suspect make any statements during the apprehension? no. not that i am aware of but gtf is out there and that will continue. how valuable were surveillance cameras in identifying -- >> that is the world we are living in now. at any street in new york city most of the time that it captured on video surveillance. as we continue together more helpillance video it will us move forward with this case and make sure that the suspect is brought to justice and paid the maximum price. >> [inaudible]
>> you have to understand the difference between a bomb going off in a crowded street in new york city is a terrifying act, whether that is an act of terrorism requires that you find out who did it which is something we did not know at the early stages of yesterday and why. basic definition of terrorism on the federal law side is the use of fear, violence, intimidation to achieve political or social change. from the outside of this case the first priority was to find who was the hind it and identify
that person and bring them into custody. they required us first understand who did it. the searches conducted last night, the interviews being conducted today, the broadening understanding about the suspect in custody right now for the shooting of a police officer or police officers is going to be the part that brings the elements forward that will eventually result in the charge and it will be laid out in this charging documents. the meta-progress that was made in 24 hours between the work of the jt tf and the intel team.
work by thedinary bureau in terms of searching the number of people to do the video canvas in the immediate area and expend that out in concentric circles and develop the elements that brought us to the identification of this person were all the steps to get us there. question that will be part of the investigation but those pieces are still being gathered. >> and i will ban [inaudible] >> the question is how we link the device in seaside park to the device in new jersey. the only thing i can say is through evidence and analysis.
that trend. >> a think we see an explosion of social media to recruit, particularly in america, individuals to isis. they use social media like twitter. twos, whoese ones and are not finding like-minded people, reaching out online to find those recruiters. >> you want depth, or religiosity-yo? you can have that. wacko waysoodlust or of killing? you can have that as well. it bypasses the regular media and is accessible to all people. >> watch "the communicators" tonight and caught p.m. et on c-span2 -- at 8:00 p.m. et on
c-span2. this busy him opens its doors to the public for the first time on saturday and c-span will be live for the outdoor dedication ceremony. speakers include president obama and lonnie bunch. also in attendance will be lady lauraama, first bush. watch the smithsonian ceremony -- a.m. saturday morning on c-span. for the next 90 minutes, an american history tv exclusive. our cities tour visits denver, colorado to learn about its unique history. you can watch more of our visits
at c-span.org/cities tour. >> this is downtown denver, colorado's capital city. >> [indiscernible] this is john murray, the city hall reporter for the denver post. he took were in town, are right in our local content vehicle to talk about denver's history and how it has changed into the place we see today. grexit summary who has given me a sense of the city. that becames a city an oil-driven city. in the last 30 years, it has been a western city on the rise.
it still has a bit of flowing cash but other industries do. growth has been the based dynamic for the last 30 years or so. -what is denver -- denver's is economic makeup? >> the gap is growing so quickly so affordability is a big issue. the people making good salaries live comfortably. the people middle-class or below are struggling to keep up with rent or property taxes going up quickly. that is pricing some people out of the city. teachers and middle-class employees are finding it harder to stay in denver. the city has added 80,000 people in five years. >> what is bringing people here? >> it is the stronger economy
and the quality of life. summary people here moved here in the last few years. >> tell me about the neighborhood we are heading into. head into onet to of the parts that has changed the most and have the most money invested in the last 10 or 15 years. the central valley that includes lower downtown off of the riverfront area. it reopened a couple of years ago. underground bus center. some will be opening in the next couple of years and there has been $1 billion of new buildings that have gone around it. like previously? >> 25 years ago that area was a
big railyard. the consolidated rail lines down to make safe and all of this stuff around here got redeveloped. neighborhoods. >> who lives here? give me a picture of who spends their time in this neighborhood. millennials,ll it's millennials with college educations and good paying jobs. emptyobably get some nesters and baby boomers for retirement age to live downtown. but there are high-priced apartments. >> how is that changing the look of denver. it is a beautiful city, how is fromchanging aesthetically i see some warehouse is here and
construction. >> the skyline is expanding for sure. there are new mess transit lines opening. opened in the last couple of months. denver more giving urban character. >> give me the downside. what is the downside of living in denver? >> the downside is you don't know how much your rent will be going up when you renew your lease. my rent went up double digits last year. that is hard to deal with when the salary isn't going up that much. >> the cost of living is rising but what you're making isn't. x correct. wages are not necessarily shooting up very much. city. is a diversifying
there are african-american neighborhoods in the strongholds. the ethnic diversity >> have noticed some beautiful cities but i have seen a lot of homelessness here. what is the solution to that? >> that is another big problem here. it is kind of a problem to the homelessness dynamic in portland or austin or san francisco or even the denver is known as a cold city it is not east coast cold. except for at by few days where it gets really cold.
as we were a draw for millennials and people in society it is a appealing place for the homeless who move here and people who are moving here who are not homeless but are realizecome and do not how expensive it is when they get tossed out on the streets. isr that contingent who younger and homeless. they might have drug issues. marijuanabe drawn by here. we're still figuring out what that dynamic looks like and how much marijuana is affecting that. the city is still looking at trying to solve some of these issues and has that got very far. five points is an historically african-american neighborhood. denver whenart of
the rest of the city wasn't so welcoming to african americans .ad jazz clubs and social clubs denver doesn't have as large as a black community as other cities do. holdovers from that old neighborhood? >> there are still for stork buildings here. there are folks who have lived here for their entire lives but it is a rapidly changing never had. as we go up will see newer buildings start. >> what is in five points now? >> this is the historic five points intersection. we had kind of the fix of old businesses but also some new restaurants. hipster joints.
there are a lot of white people who live in this neighborhood now. that is not very typical. more often than not it will be white people moving in. that does create resentment. you have a visible reminder of the change happening. points 30came to five years ago, what would you have seen? >> i think that you would have seen a neighborhood that was much more african-american, much more culturally proud but more in its height. it was struggling a lot with the rest of central denver economically. >> tell me about that struggle. where was denver? in the 70's and 80's was
reliant on the boom and bust cycle for oil. had downtown that was more like an office park with what the parking lots all over the place. you had less of an urban downtown area or central denver area. >> you are the city council reporter. you are on the government beat here. what are some interesting shifts you have seen from that standpoint? we had council elections last year where there was a lot of turnover. one of the things that you did see which was an influx of younger councilmembers. more like retirees.
aged folksve urban representing more the millennials. some of them are more in favor the marijuana industry and trying to balance that out. i think you have seen a loosening on the city council and attitudes. >> we went under i 70. is there a distinction that we are officially in a different neighborhood? >> it does. it is sort of bisected by the highway. it is kind of a classic urban story from the 1900s. it was a cloud -- proud working-class neighborhood. the federal government built a highway right to the middle and tore it apart.
high still an area with homeownership. latinoa very high population so you have housing on the right and on the left you western stocknal show. the biggest in the country. >> for people like me who live in the city -- stock show? >> think really big state fair. it has a rodeo, people show cattle from around the country and there is all kinds of competition. >> here in this urban area you will bring your cattle and show some steer. >> every january it turns into a massive stock show. >> what a weird dynamic. sanctuaryre you have
-- that is a big marijuana production facility. area where industrial and residential mix block to block. pushback been a lot of because the industry is taking over all of these spaces. >> ensure people in denver and colorado get sick of being known for that place that makes marijuana legal but it is fascinating coming from the outside. in d.c. there is some legality there. when you drive through denver it is dispensary signs, this looks like an apple store. >> there are more dispensaries in denver than starbucks and mcdonald's combined. this is the springfield cannabis company. it's a production house work
marijuana. will turn left on 47th and at this corner is starbucks. because it isng the first -- they would say, victim of neighborhood pushback. there is a dispensary on the first floor, a growth facility on the second floor. when it came up for renewal, the neighborhood pushed back. the city agreed that it was a bad influence and constraining development. licensewill lose their this next month. they will appeal it in the courts very likely but this is the first time that a city has spiked the renewal for a grower license. there has been pushback. one of the debates right now that you can only use it avidly -- privately. you cannot use it in public,
even though some people violate the law. there will be one or two measures this fall where they say should be allow people to ?moke up or vape allowr one that will permits for bars to allow consumption areas in their buildings. >> can of like the old days and a restaurant when you have a smoking and non-smoking section. >> this is a neighborhood with a lot of industries going in and some of these streets to not -- do not even have sidewalks. we have been to three different neighborhoods in denver. we've looked at the good and the bad and every city has that. what is next for denver and where do you see your city. has become a magnet
for young professionals moving here. in a lot of ways this is a success story. left. a lot of challenges those are the big questions that face the next decade that will whether it becomes a city of economic equality or a city where there is a widening gap between the rich and the poor. denver doesn't want to become san francisco. these are problems that a lot of cities are facing but denver is hoping to put its stamp on those issues and solve them more than any city has.
>> people in denver drive past the denver mint all the time. people don't know very much about its history. it has a fascinating history and it was a story that needed to be told. colorado experienced a gold rush in 1859 when gold was discovered in the mountains. 1859 was when denver was founded. if convicted test consisted of a tent city with lots of saloons and bordellos. down from would come the mountains with bags of gold dust and go into the saloon. in the saloon the bartenders would reach their hand into the gold dust specks and take out a pinch of gold to pay for the miners whiskey. fingers was a
major job requirement for a bartender in denver. a city cannot survive on a pinch of gold dust economy so denver needed a mint. mintfice that could reliable measures of gold for commerce and shipment act east. we are in front of the denver mint which was built in 1904. 1906 and it has been the pride and joy of denver ever since. by the 1880's, denver itself had got rich from mining. the queento become city of the planes. the center of commerce and a leader in the western united states. the city fathers at that point decided that a mint they could
be proud of would be part of that process. there wasn't a federal facility, denver was the frontier with the wild west. revit industry and private banks stepped in to fill that void. gruber were bankers out of leavenworth, kansas. assayame and set up an office and private mint. the federal government did not appreciate private bankers minting coins but it was not illegals they couldn't do anything about it so they thought clark and gruber in 1862 and took over the assay office goldegan manufacturing bars the first denver mint facility. so in 1895 congress passed an denver.orm a mint at
that language will become very important years later. modeled owned by medicitice family -- family, a prominent banking family and europe for centuries. the opulence and the expense and grandeur of the facility was expensive even in its day. having such a facility come a such a beautiful facility that put a u.s. federal mint, denver on the map of western commerce and industry. the denver mint has been robbed twice. the first time, it was an inside job. oracle harrington worked in the ville -- harrington worked in the mint for many years.
he knew he would never make more than four dollars per month and it frustrated him. he planned to steal one gold bar per day from the denver mint. he would do it between inventory periods, so no one would be aware of the embezzlement. to dispose of the gold, he planned on renting, or leasing a colorado, in victor, melting the gold down and selling it back to the mint claiming he had mined it himse lf. it was an ingenious plan, and it might have worked, but unfortunately he stole one too many bars. one day, a coworker noticed him behaving suspiciously and alerted authorities. in this case, the secret service. they watched him steal a gold bar and they confronted him at a
bus stop outside the mint. confessed, he had a gold bar on him. he was sentenced to prison and spent years in leavenworth, kansas in the federal prison. in the 1930's the federal government decided to move the gold reserves that were stored in san francisco to denver. they did it for a couple reasons. first and foremost was the fact that they wanted to put 1000 miles of desert and mountain terrain. the country reserves were stored at the denver mint. there has never been a greater assemblage of gold ever in the history of the planet then at denver in this facility during
the great depression. ii, the denverar mint went to war like every factory in the country. the men went off to fight and women filled their places. this was always a manufacturing job considered a man's work. i did not think that women could do this kind of work but women excelled at it and the denver mint of production of coins rose during world war ii. after world war ii the men came home and they came back to their jobs and the women went home. years there have been several superintendence of the denver mint who were women. while men were not working on the manufacturing floor they were running the place. in the 1960's the federal government thought that they
needed a new mint facility and they wanted to move this meant away from town denver. you can imagine that congressman were clamoring to get the meant in their district so there was a move afoot to take that meant out -- take their mint out of denver. they wanted to keep the mint right here. they played a card from the 1895 declaration which called for a ort at denver, not at texas unincorporated jefferson county, but a mint at denver. a huge spite erupted as denver leaders tried to keep the mint here in denver. over the course of the fight congress decided that it did not need a new mint facility at all, but that it could stay here and be upgraded.
>> it really is a story of transportation -- transformation how this land has been used in so many ways and not to be in a prairie environment and wildlife refuge -- this is an amazing opportunity to help people learn what our conservation future is in this place. >> we have porcupines here. a lot of people are surprised that porcupines are on the prai rie. we>> have elk that use this are. they use the drainages for camping. we also have mill dear. coyotes are common animals. occasionally there is a bear. it is the connectivity of this open space that helps those
larger mammals, especially elk, because they move from summer to winter. in the distance you can see lindsay ranch. the house was constructed in 1949. we had native americans use this site intermittently, pre-history. in the 1800s, there was homesteading activity which continued up until the property was taken over in 1951. we can go out and look at the edge of the property where the department of energy still retains that interior core where o be.ant u -- plant used t plant was in operation from
1952 until 1992. it was a plutonium trigger production site. this was one piece of the nuclear weapon production. those triggers were shipped to other locations for assembly and the final product was at that other site. it was one of 13 sites across the country that was supporting the arms race. securitynational priority to build these facilities. over there were 800 buildings on this site. most of the activity was in the central part of the refuge which is now maintained by the department of energy. plant sites were located inland because the technology at that time was inadequate.
it really would not reach places in land. based on a national selection. initially in the 50's there was a lot of support. security issueal and people were very concerned and our country's protection and security. as time evolved there was a larger movement born in the 70's that there was environmental interest and concern about what these materials -- base plutonium has a long long spent so there was concern about the community and proper disposal of whatever materials were used in production of these weapons. raid atthere was an fbi the plant based on the concerns
ofut the health and safety workers as well as contamination. basically production ceased at that time. in 1992 that was the final year of production and from that point on, it was a large effort directed at cleaning up the site. the cleanup started in 1992 and was an extensive effort with many people. it was a superfund site. it was organized in a systematic way. the buildings were taken down and the materials were transported off-site. 1999 is when senator wayne allard and senator mark udall introduced the idea of creating a reserve out here. that00 they continued
effort and in 2001 they drafted and finalized the legislation to agree this is a national wildlife refuge. in 2007.as completed serviceish and wildlife that is when we began to manage this as a national wildlife refuge. the department of energy still retains roughly 1300 acres of this site. it is truly a story of transformation. it's interesting how the land can recover. the vegetation continued to evolve.
>> the gold rush begins in 1859. actually in the denver area where gold was first discovered but silver mining really hits the heyday in the 18 80's and the 1880's was the boone time. the sherman silver purchase act ensured that that the federal government would purchase a large quantity of silver at a fixed price. the government was subsidizing the silver industry so president grover cleveland determined to ,epeal the sherman silver act which he did in 1893 and the price of silver immediately plummeted so people who were millionaires lost their fortune overnight. -- it'sly in particular a perfect illustration of the
rags and silver boom and bust. >> the tabor family is a multifaceted story. horace austin warner tabor was born in vermont. wife, namedis first augusta. they married and tried their hand for a brief period in the late 1850's in farming and came out to colorado during the gold settled inentually this area where they ran a store. one of the things that horace did which is called grub stake. some of the mining prospectors where he gave them goods. him,did not have to pay they paid him with, should they strike it rich he would get x
-percentage. one of them did. investlow them to another mining interests. he got really lucky and struck it big on several different occasions and became very wealthy. in some circles he was known as the silver king of colorado. one of the companies he performed with colorado's incorporated in new york was called the silver mining company. in our collection we have the documents that created the millionand floated $10 worth of stock. we have a number of the early for $5,833 which in today's money it would be
about $110,000. augusta lived very well. he became mayor of leadville and was eventually elected lieutenant governor of colorado and they relocated to denver and lived in denver. had met someint he very beautiful young women and she became his mistress. in 1883 they married in a formal ceremony at the willard hotel in washington, d.c.. horace had been appointed to fill an unexpired term of a u.s. senator. the married during the warm-up period. lavish wedding. lots of politicians came.
the wealth of silver had provided them. he built a paper grand opera denver. and what was known as the tabor block, an office and commercial .uilding it was a huge beautiful building. with the upper house he said it was his gift to the citizens of denver. he said it really reflect the lavishness of the time. the citizens of denver prevented him with a watch bob.
overnight, when the crash hit, they lost their wealth. all of their fine things had to go. horace, it broke his health. he had to go back to physically mines. in some of the he being much older than baby doe when they married, she was about half his age, he was appointed postmaster of denver in the last year of his life courtesy of some kind friends who wrangled that appointment. the last year of his life was a little bit more comfortable, but he died in 1899. really just a few years after the silver crash. it really did take toll on him. she was still a very young woman , only 44 and still beautiful.
supposedly he told her to hang onto one of the mines in leadville because, the price of silver would go up again, and it might produce again. we don't know if that is really something he said, but she took those words to heart. she did hang on to the mine, and she did move back to leadville. her,wo daughters went with but before too lung they went their separate ways. lily went to live with they be e's family indo denver and the other went to chicago where she struggled to find herself. she worked on the stage, she worked as a journalist. seems to years, she have taken to drink and lived under a variety of different names. one assumes with different men. she was killed in a suspicious
accident where she seemed to have been scalded to death. this was in the 1920's. baby doe never wanted to recognize that silver dollar was lost. cabin atlived in the the matchless mine. this is a picture of her as an older woman in the doorway. for a littlere over 30 years. she lived to be 80 years old. ontoimportantly, she hung , andritings, diaries family photographs. she kept things in trunks which she put in storage in denver. when she passed away, that was a group of prominent citizens who banded together to purchase these items from the estate at
auction and donate them to history colorado so were able to share aspects of this story. it always fascinated me that she kept the watch bob. she talks about not having enough money for food or to buy firewood. this is something that would've had great value at the time. the tabors were very well-known. she could have sold this or these other items and chose to hang on to them, to keep those memories close. >> we are here on the steps of the colorado state capital, one mile above sea level. governoroke with the about colorado's past and his vision for the future. >> for what is colorado best known? are four or sometimes
six of the top 10 best ski resorts in the world. the rocky mountains, 300 days of sunshine, that quality of life. >> who lives in colorado? >> that is one of the great things about colorado. of the fastest-growing states, tremendous in migration especially of millennials. there are more likely is it venues now than there are in austin or nashville. a lot of great bands. one republic for the fray, they are all denver colorado and's. this youngerned is population from all of these people moving here. the typical coloradan is someone who is not -- you if not young, is young at heart. there are a lot of entrepreneurs and people starting businesses
here. everywhere, all flavors and sizes. >> do you feel that that influx affects the political climate? >> when you have that many young people moving into your state, you legalize recreational marijuana. people say the millennials are moving to colorado because you can legalize marijuana. that is ridiculous. they were moving here for seven years before we legalized marijuana. they are the reason marijuana got legalized. they don't see a big difference between beer and pot. when you have young people, a lot of the things that are more conservative -- there is more pushback. i think it is a positive influence. i'm not sure that the millennial pushes always correct but that youthful energy is very valuable. >> you mentioned the legalization of marijuana. in 2012, this amendment legalized recreational marijuana
in colorado. in january, you thought it was a bad idea. how have your opinions changed? passed,it was first most every elected official i know a post-it because you don't want to be in conflict with federal law. it in never legalized marijuana. they just decriminalized it. i thought that the amount of work and the potential for getting in the pot, and apples, s, peopleot -- edible driving while high, i thought there were unintended consequences. i am telling other governors they should still wait a year so we can see if there are other things we are not seeing yet. we'll see a huge number of young people trying it out. edibles that look
like candy. no animal shapes or things like that. i think we have made tremendous progress. everyone $123 million last year in tax revenues. that's a $27 billion budget. it's a drop in the bucket. money torovide regulate it properly and make sure we are maintaining public safety. make sure that high thc in marijuana can reduce part of the long term. >> you have a history of speaking for gun control measures. all of the gun violence we are seeing today, what is the next step? >> limiting the capacitive magazines to 15 or less
push mental health. let's get a big cross-section of allies. >> you have been an advocate in the past for increased services for the homeless. what can be done about that issue now? >> we know what the answers are. $45,000 a years when you aggregate all the cost for a chronically homeless individual to be living on the streets. we know we can get them in housing and wraparound services for maybe $18,000 a year. mentalions if they have health issues, counseling if they have addictions. and more importantly, job training. a social framework where they have a support system.
we really were united and we really will address homelessness. we have kind of slipped away. >> you just wrote a book. you talk about your life and politics and also in business. you are mayor of denver. you are a governor now and you were a brewery owner. has your past working in business influence the way you govern now? >> one of the great things about writing a book like that, it sounds so grand. when you're going through it, you really do see all the places that, you know, i was a geologist before i got to the brewpub business.
the restaurant business and i learned customer service. there is no margin -- the other things a small business mentality, what the approach can bring to government. way, science and one very good way to learn them is to be in the private sector. >> are there any colorado lawmakers that have influenced you? >> sure. myn i first was opening aroundant, he would go
and i did not pay attention to politics. i was too busy. i remember twice i saw him speak. quality of life starts with a good job. and it's always stuck for me. our primary responsibility is to public safety. our neighbors and communities are safe. quality of life does start with a good job. we're really focused on really to jobous intensity creation, helping get rid of red tape. to help the economies, startups, and businesses that can grow. , a very goodessor governor. and before him, billowing. -- bill owen. senators, heo u.s. is one of the most instinctive -- not a politician in any sense
of the word. -- he understands how people bill armstrong passed away. >> you are not from colorado originally? why colorado? >> my gosh. iname out here originally 1976. i was just out of college. once i got here, being in a place where it is 300 days a sunny, when you want to ski, it's an hour away. after three or four years, i remember telling my mother back
east, i don't think i'm going to move back. and it was the people. there's something about having people from all over the country and all over the world come to a place where there is a certain freedom. no one cares he or grandparents were, how rich your dad was. people judge you on who you are. a lot of elected officials will become u.s. senators. they can imagine it. renovating my house here in denver. i am growing old in colorado. era that you find particularly interesting in colorado's history?
>> ralph carr was the governor. we began arresting and putting into prison u.s. citizens because they were of japanese descent. the japanese attacked pearl harbor on december 7 and all of carr, he said we are americans and we are not going to do this. against theck federal government on the whole internment program. amazing lesson in courage. , he presidential nominee would not back off on that. it was wild west.
we have real history. we teach colorado history. >> we ask this and it gets glossed over but is there anything about being governor you do not like? >> for those of us that have this genetic peculiarity where we want to do good and want to help other people, being in an executive position like this, it's about as good as it gets. it doesn't mean you love every minute of every day and when you go through a campaign with tv ad saying lies and distorting everything, whatever you said. your kid comes home from school
and they are crying. not every minute of every day. but overall, i get to work with the smartest people, the most committed individuals. i get to work with people that are passionate. i think that's a gift. a funny way, your level of joy is reflective of who you get to work with. and i get to work with amazing people. just going around the state. >> how does this compare to your goal as mayor of denver and a brewery owner. >> the mayor of denver, public service, it's a strong mayor. it probably stronger than any other city in america. the mayor of denver next -- makes the budget.
they need nine votes to change one line item. -- youernor has a larger look over a larger stretch of land. ,f you're trying to help kids you help 950,000 kids. i love that because the energy in the team of people you work with. my mom grew up in the depression and i had a certain anxiety that i wanted to be financially secure. was to be prepared if bad things happened. i felt very blessed that i could do so with the restaurant business being so much fun. the 10 years i was a geologist, i spent two summers in the mountains doing fieldwork. america.in latin wrote the book.
it really is kind of a giddyup to work hard. i was a skinny kid. but even nerds, if you're willing to work hard enough, you can fix some of the challenges of our times. look towards the future. what is next for you and what is next for the state? >> colorado continues to be the model of what a state can be. >> the top three or four for job creation, startups, a growing economy. we will be number one in every one of those issues. it is certainly closer to the middle of the pack.
the upper half, maybe. years, i think we will push that as far as we can. those 2.5ter i finish years, i'm not sure what i will do. someone that can help run it. >> inc. you so much, governor. -- thank you so much, governor. >> the state capital was built between 1886 and 1901. it took 15 years. construction started 10 years after colorado joined the union in 1876. which is why we're called the centennial state, 100 years after the declaration of independence. the capital took 15 years to build on a site that was donated i a local businessman named henry brown. true west.an all he donated 10 acres in the
middle of his property so that he would make a fortune selling the rest of it to people that wanted to build their houses near the capital. it took a most 20 years and two trips to the u.s. supreme court to resolve who owned this property. the state didn't build on it for a long time. twice and it made it all the way to the u.s. capitol building and washington, d.c. and two battles before the supreme court that he lost in january of 1886 and construction started that summer. it stands exactly one mile above sea level, it is known as the mile high city. and there are three mile high markers on the steps. the brasstep was marker that was the ultimate souvenir of denver. people kept stealing the plaque. it in 1947, they just carved onto the 15th step.
a group of students in fort collins remeasured and they said that we were off by three steps. there is a wrasse plug on the 18th step that declares one mile above sea level. in 2003, we got our third marker because the federal government redefined sea level and how we judge altitude. and global warming and sea levels and all of that aside, the mile high marker actually dropped. it is on the 13th step. plug installeds by governor bill owens in 2003. we are on the second floor of the colorado state capital. chambers and senate where 100 members meet from early january to early may. the capital was intended to be
built out of his many native materials to the state of colorado as possible. most of the stone from the from othercorative states including white oak from the ozarks and over the door frames. they came from foundries in cincinnati, ohio and louisville, kentucky. they represent a various figures in colorado history. political figures. historical individuals. men and women through many ethnic groups as well. iny honor melanie griffith the early 1900s. emily griffith opportunity school in 1916 which operates as a vocational training school.
if you wanted to find a better job or get schools. she would invent classes as the school year went on. there was no set structure. it you showed up whenever you needed to. she would ask students, what things are you interested in? what topics do you want to know about? she would find people that knew that and hired them to teach a class. it didn't really matter. it was a very open-ended school. and the motto for it was, always opportunity. it remains in operation today, celebrating the centennial. most renowned figures was during world war ii, naming -- named ralph carr.
out on behalf of japanese-americans after pearl harbor. totook a risk to be sure treat everyone with dignity and respect. the japanese internment can't built in southeastern colorado was undoubtedly the most open, had the best interaction with the local .ommunities it there was a great deal of support of japanese-americans in large part because of governor car. he is remembered with several plaques. in the 1960's, colorado's governor was john love. to be governor in the 60's than governor love? he was a republican from colorado springs, signed the nation's first liberalized abortion laws. essentially legalizing abortion across the spectrum. weren't any categories that were eliminated or constrained. the bill had been written by a
denver politician and member of the legislature that eventually served 12 years as governor. democratic bill signed by a relatively conservative republican governor in the 1960's. it was six years before the roe v wade decision. colorado is on the front lines of one of the most contentious political issues of our time. there was an ongoing historic preservation and restoration effort at the state capital ever since the beginning of the 21st century. we have been trying to reclaim the building to the way it looked a century earlier. and lance shepherd can offer information about the projects trying to restore it to its original condition. >> watch your head right here. there are two domes in the capital. the inner dome and the outer dome. we are in the outer dome below
the lantern. similar situation in the capital building. feature architectural to make it look larger than it actually is. they are considered the artists who gilded the capital. we use gold from colorado to gild it. last1901 to 1903, this weighs about 62 ounces or 63 ounces to coat the entire dome. this is coffer -- copper. years of hailstorms had damaged the copper quite a bit. it was dented up pretty bad and we replaced all of that. lateyer ofter -- a copperetal, andt h the
on top of that so there are three players of waterproofing. we are currently in the house chambers that is currently under restoration. the started three years ago. the first year, we did the lower-level restoring steps and the plasterwork. the second year, we did the upper levels and the ceiling. this year, we are doing the galleries. tiles toglued ceiling all of the surfaces. it was supposedly for sound. we're taking back to the original 1903, which is a history of significance. in the water level, we just
touched on that. but the upper levels, we re-created it on top of the plaster material to help with the acoustics. ,e opened up the coffer restored the gilding out there and restored the chandelier. they added extra bold to the to theier -- bulbs chandelier. it was gas at one time. the little gas jets are still there. paint in here had been kind of dulled with 100 years of cigar smoke, cigarette smoke. we cleaned it up to look like the original colors. the green was for the house of commons. and read for the house of lords. like any state capital, it
serves as the heart of the community. it is not necessarily any reason for the state of colorado to exist. giant rectangle that brings together culture, environments, geographies. this is the place where people gather to decide what do we want, what do we need? what makes us coloradans. of symbolicat deal power but it has historical power. it's not only a practical building but it's a place where colorado's history is can -- preserved. paintings and stained glass windows that celebrate and educate the people of colorado and anybody that comes to see the state. commemorateant to out of our shared existence. >> this exhibit came about.
when looking back, our history was not in the museums or in books. eventually, people started to look at the 60's and they realized a lot took place here in colorado. this was a stronghold of the movement. california, texas. why isn't the story being told. what you see here most prominently is the symbol of the united farm workers union. flag, and arm better -- and arm banner.
they were organized to protect the rights of farmworkers to give the workers dignity. that short handled though is what people used to work in the fields with and it was short handled to always remind them of their low station in life. dignity and it was finally outlawed. you can finally see where the struggle came from when you look at that hope. and it's a strong symbol and it speaks to the people. it became a primary symbol in marches. and certainly on the picket lines when the union representatives and the members and people from the urban areas and the countryside protested. against the injustice of agricultural workers. union starting of this
began or gave more force to the union because they started to utilize civil disobedience. nonviolence. it was very powerful. cesar chavez did a lot of work organizing the strike. it was successful. they were one of the most successful boycotts. of course, we wanted to talk that we we decided could not give a whole unit to women. and i would like to draw your attention to one particular story. that is the story of the floral workers in brighton, colorado.
these floral workers, these women worked in horrible conditions at the kitty yama plant. work -- it rooms that are very high in humidity. the floors were dan and filthy. the equipment is unsafe. days without overtime or breaks. we have one of the lead organizers. she change herself to other women that includes rachel sandoval. it brought a lot of attention to that issue.
women were on the front lines of the movement. without mentioning the name of rodolfo gonzalez. he became the spokesman and leader of the chicano movement. he came through the ranks of a young boy growing up in the barrio. he became a boxer and got in thed as a young adult war on poverty and mainstream politics. but he became very angry, as did family,his friends and that government failed the people. voice tonot have the determine their own lives. fight or create opportunities
for better housing and education. those opportunities even to us in the constitution. in the student movement section now. in this area, we tell the story of the activism that young people took up at the university level and at the high school level. at the high school level, the students were beginning to voice their opposition to their treatment by teachers. it was discriminatory. they were often put down. there were no teachers that looked like them. aty started to protest
denver west high. it was a blowout. the students organized themselves to walk out of class and they walked out and were followed by other high schools around the state including some high schools in colorado. the chicano movement is not ended. it continues today. we can still see many people still utilizing civil disobedience and peaceful means to try to make change. the important part of any and movement and the important thing we have to remember is that change was made. organizations sprang up. they benefited the community. they provided health care to communities.
there were attorneys, judges, in an representing people in the courts. and teachers in the school, principles. we had a new generation of professionals teaching and making change. continuing the change. that does not mean the cap a perfect world. there is so much work to do. anyone who is willing to share and stand up against and is in carrying forward the principles of movements and our people have a lot of work to do to carry forward the issues and work of nature, movement -- chicano movement. the field out of the changes we have made. >> c-span is in the mile high city of denver to learn more about its history. you may know her as a titanic survivor. the unthinkable molly brown made
her mark on the silver mining industry and colorado state politics. we go to the molly brown house to learn more. >> a typical visit to this museum takes you on a tour through the first two floors of her home. in the entry a way, you go to the first floor and presidential four. she found love and a millionaire. her story is much bigger and better than what hollywood could ever come up with. this is molly brown. this is the legacy of margaret brown. me call herer hear molly. she was never called that in her lifetime. margaret in hannibal, missouri. she had five other siblings.
she was born in a small home. her parents were irish immigrants. the whole family pitched in. she came to colorado because her brother gave her a ticket. by the age of 18, they seem all -- females at this time should be married. she came out and went to a local catholic parish. this is where she met her husband. they married within three months of their first meeting. she was 19 and he was 32. they were living here in colorado and came to denver in 1894. jj struck it rich at the mine. to keep theon a way walls up on the minds so they would not collapse. he found the largest area of gold. they decided that no wonder -- that they wanted to purchase this home and move. -- and moved.
1899. built in they purchased it for $30,000. right now, we are standing in the library. this is my personal favorite room in the entire house. this room shows how margaret loved education. her and her siblings all did have an eighth-grade education. margaret continued to learn throughout her life. besides english, she spoke five different languages. spanish, italian, french, german and russian. when she passed away, she was learning greek. shows that she had an ear for languages. we also speak about the many causes she worked hard for. after the massacre in 1918, she -- 1914, that was in southern colorado, she headed to the picket line and stroke with the minors. the massacre killed 24 minors and women and children at the hands of the national guard and the company that owned them. she went up against the head of the company to change the rights of these minors and did she do
it. what she did went throughout the entire country and helped change minor rights. she also worked for the judge here in denver to form the first juvenile justice system. not only were children tried as children, they went to jail with other children. work homes were established some -- so children could work their way into society. she also helped build the immaculate conception cathedral which is two blocks from us. it was completed in 1914 with over 1000 people in attendance. she worshiped with her mother every sunday. her and her mother would walk down together. margaret was never supposed to be on the titanic. she was traveling with her daughter who is now grown. when they were traveling, they
received a telegram saying her one and only grandson was very ill. she had to hop on the first ship which was leaving which was the titanic. she hopped on along with her daughter -- her daughter stayed behind. as they were traveling, everything was going along fine until the iceberg. the night it struck, she was relaxing in her room with a book. we do have a few things that are replicas. they do relate to margaret within titanic. the james cameron movie came out in the 90's and into three titanic into the spotlight. -- it through titanic into the spotlight. very few people know that she ran percent or. -- senate. she ran three times. unfortunately, she never did
win. we do have her campaign photo. as you can see, she is standing there eloquently. she is a strong western woman. she believed they had the spirit to hold office and boat. -- vote. we were the first states do it by public referendum. when visitors leave, we hope that people walk away from the same with the truth of margaret and the legacy. ♪ >> started in rural areas. a lot of the studies -- cities do not have cable until the late 70's or 80's. the cable center is a nonprofit organization founded by the
cable television pioneers whose main mission is to tell the story of the cable industry. cable grew out of the fact that tv signals can't get into the valleys. cable started -- the idea was to put up the antenna, collect the signal and send it back down to the people's homes. in 1973, the inventor of the teleprompter, he demonstrated at the anaheim cable tv show that you could use a portable station to distribute the signal. you could get the cable tv signal from the satellite and send it to any head in. that changed the business. that was satellite distribution. that is how you get the rise of the programming networks. >> cable is in tune. in touch and it gets better. commercial for entertainment of
premium channels. >> that is why you get the superstitions -- super stations like wr new york. turner station. and the niche networks like food network. mid-nineties, that is the start of the broadband era. then broadband internet services for data. that is the big thing. mid-to-late phone service 90's. starting to come in. the question is now, are we at the end of that, is there a fourth generation coming? we are down here in the technology archive in the lower level of the cable center. we have 2500 items. this is a unique arrangement. this is an signal order. the curator emeritus thought of that.
chronologically manufactured signal order. the antenna stuff, where the signals are collected and the equipment is at the front. and it moves to the line equipment where the signal is moving through the path. here, we have the coax cable. then the set-top boxes. there is an overarching arrangement to this. some of my favorite pieces, we have some coffee can amplifiers. homemade. all of this great analog tube equipment. early manufacturing stuff. homemade tech equipment like this right here. this is from pennsylvania.
this material in front of you, these are the items we are going to -- this is for the virtual reality project. you will be able to look at these, handled them, interact with them in our online exhibit. >> don't let -- pay tv and cable tv companies are seeking the right to charge her for the -- charge you for the programs you get free. >> the cable industry has always faced lots of challenges. early on the broadcasters thought the signals were being stolen. you had to overcome that. you had to overcome a dilatory hurdles. -- regulatory hurdles. there were polled attachment issues. and then, it was vcrs.
and whether the phone companies would come into the business. with the cable acts, you had more competition coming in. then it was satellite. direct broadcast satellite. each time it had to face the huge challenges that affect the core of the business. now is the same thing with the over-the-top. as you track the changes and see how cable is responding and what cable has brought to society. >> let us decide what is important so we can grow together. i like that. >> imagine a world with three or four networks. people want choice. a lot of change happened with the cable industry. some people think cable operators would turn into broadband providers. there is a movement where some
of the smaller cable companies are talking about being broadband companies. they want out of the television business. they want to offer great customer experience and provide the technology to get whatever you want. they don't want to pass the price increases from espn. if you want a contract, it is up to you to negotiate the price. a lot of changes are coming with title ii and regulating cable companies and internet providers. >> our visit to denver is an american history tv exclusive. we showed it today to introduce you to c-span cities tour. for five years, we have traveled to cities across the u.s. to explore their literary and historic sites. you can watch more of our visit
s at c-span.org/cities tour. tonight come on the communicators, director at george washington university for cyber security and albert fernandez discuss how isis and other extremist groups you social media to radicalize and recruit followers and how u.s. and other nations are trying to reduce that trend. >> an explosion of the use of social media to recruit individuals to isis. the use of social media like twitter which was a choice for a number of years and now telegram where they are concentrated. these individuals in the u.s. for not -- are finding like-minded people online and set about the mosque. -- instead of the mosque. wackoenge, bloodlust,
ways of killing, you have that as well. complete package that bypasses television and regular media. is accessible for all people. >> what's the communicators tied watch thess -- commuters tonight at 8:00 eastern. man toorities link the this question and saturday night. he was taken into custody today after he was wounded in a gunfight with police. c-span,tonight here on we will have briefings from today on the attacks including president obama and new york city mayor bill de blasio. he urged new yorkers to remain vigilant. based on the information we have now, we have every reason to believe this was an act of terror. he will be going into some detail and there is still a long investigation ahead but now we
to believereason this was an act of terror. in addition, want to note that because this is an ongoing investigation, on new yorkers should remain vigilant at any given point, new yorkers may piece of information or hear a conversation or see something that could aid nypd and our partners and we went on new yorkers to be vigilant and to provide that information as you get it at any given point in time. 005777-tips. 18 we activated a messaging system that allowed us to get information out to all new yorkers across the board and it had an extra ordinary affect. it reached many people in the metropolitan area. we were able to reach all of our police officers simultaneously
because of the technology that have. that is something that proved to be very helpful, getting that message out broadly and putting everyone on alert in a mutual way. we believe that was very helpful. there is still information that we need going forward. i want people to be patient because it will be an ongoing investigation. i want people to be vigilant, finally, as i said, even though apprehended, we will have a very strong and visible nypd presence because of this incident and obviously, because of the united nations general assembly. you'll continue to see throughout the week a strong, visible nypd presence from our critical response to man, our strategic response group. you will see heavily trained and well armed officers. thel see people in subway and backspin check.
bomb sniffing dog. that will continue throughout the week. we want the high level of readiness. >> you'll have more about those attacks over the weekend in new york, new jersey and minnesota in about 15 minutes here on c-span. president obama new york for the un's general assembly meeting street we have live coverage from the u.n. tomorrow morning at 10:00. tonight -- today, the president met with the iraqi prime minister to take back control the city of mosul. pres. obama: let me begin by commenting on the events that unfolded today. i talked about that there was a person of interest that the fbi and law enforcement had identified with respect to the bombs that have been planted in the new york-new jersey area.
that individual has been apprehended. saying --start by commenting on the store network work andrdinary coronation that takes place between the fbi and local law enforcement. to be able to apprehend a n a little over 24 hours after the event took place. it is outstanding police work. outstanding law enforcement work. give a heartfelt thanks to the new jersey police officers were able to apprehend this individual. i had a chance to talk to them briefly before i came down to my meetings here. they are going to be fine. they sustained some modest injuries. they will rapidly recover from them. they were in good spirits. i communicated to them how
appreciated -- appreciative the people are. one more reminder of the external or skills and -- extraordinary skills of our law enforcement officers and what they put on the line every day to make sure we are safe. information is still important about what might have motivated the suspect. i'm going to leave that to the fbi and local law enforcement authorities to discuss those details with you. with respectomment , the established that occurred, i had a chance to talk to the off-duty police officer who undoubtedly saved a lot of lives in prevented further injury because of his quick and effective actions. that the american people were appreciative of his work and his heroism.
ow, one of the challenges we face is in addition to being an open society in which are disturbed in some fashion can carry out violence against the american people, the big danger we have now is that we have an that istion in isil actively trying to radicalize and promote extremism of the sort. directlyon, they are carrying out and planning constant attacks not only overseas, but within iraq and within syria. with great appreciation that i welcome prime minister abaadi here along with his delegation. angst to the sacrifices of the
iraqi people and be -- thanks to the sacrifices of the iraqi people and their armed forces. we have made significant progress in rolling back i sold l. i sold -- isi they have lost half of the popularity -- populated territory they have gained. what we have seen now is steady progress at the iraqi security forces have gained more confidence and courtney did with the 67 member coalition -- coordinated with the 67 member coalition against isil. we are focusing on going to the isil operation in mosul.ul -- this will be a challenging battle. it is a large city.
deeplys embedded itself within that city. because of the pre-position of forces and the cooperation between the coalition and the iraqi security forces, because of the cooperation and courage of the kurdish parish forgot, we felt confident we will be in a position to move forward. it will be a tough fight. once it is initiated, one of the things that we discussed is the drivingce of not just them out of mosul, but making sure that the population there that is going to be displaced and will have suffered and is going to be looking for warmth shelter,and water and that we are prepared to help provide rapid humanitarian
assistance and that we can rebuild the city in a way that ensures not only that they come back, but also that extremist ideology does not return. it will do for work today has been focused on making sure that that happens. i am grateful that the prime minister has operated in a way that indicates his commitment to an inclusive iraq that treats everybody fairly, respects human rights and the work that we are doing with the iraqi government will adhere to those principles. mosul campaign that beyond. we will be asking congress to step up and support of this effort and we will be asking other countries to step up and support of this effort. -- in support of this effort. my thanks go out to the iraqi
forces that have borne the brunt of the progress as well as the kurdish forces and our outstanding men and women in uniform although they are not on the front lines and are not involved early in combat, it is still a dangerous area to operate. the prime minister would be the first to say that our men and women from all branches have operated with incredible nffectiveness and courage i providing the training and assistance that has allowed us to make these gains. hopefully by the end of this year we will see further progress and that we will continue to see further progress with respect to economic and political stabilization inside iraq. mr. prime minister, thank you for your good work and all the members of your team for the excellent work they have done as well. >> thank you, mr. president.
huge terrorism threat to the whole world. beenears ago, we have combating them to take it back. strongholdcking the in mosul. within the next few months, we're going to kick them out of mosul and it will deliver a huge blow to what they believe in. this is very important. it is important to remove this terrorist organization and to crush it. is a dangerous organization with a dangerous ideology and dangerous instrument and means of recruiting young people. it has a huge influence on the internet and social media. they must be crushed on the ground.
[indiscernible] is very important for us in terms of training, logistical support, providing air cover hnd, of course, preventing daes from having more recruits and supports. this is important. stop them from recruiting young people from all over the world. some of them are not disadvantaged, some are from middle-class families, some are well off. this is a huge challenge for all of us. how we can stand out the terrorism which is a threat to the whole world. [indiscernible] it is a huge reward for everyone of us. this is my job to bring all the
iraqis together. have first or second class citizens, they are all first class citizens. may god bless all the religions. god bless their ethnic origins. treat them the same. i hope everyone in iraq will do the same. damage between the relationship between communities. shiites, sunnis. the same tribeen in the same area. it is a huge task on her shoulder. -- our shoulder. [indiscernible] i believe -- people have to live together.
those who have committed crimes have to be punished. we have to be very careful in bringing the law. we have to follow the rule of law. i think we have been managing well. we are prepared and we are have -- we have the result. thank you -- resolve. thank you so much for the support. we are fighting on behalf of all the world to defeat daesh and we will do it. >> the c-span radio app is easy to continue to follow the 2016 election wherever you are. it is free to download from the apple app store and google play. get audio coverage and up-to-the-minute scheduling as well as podcast times for our popular public
affairs programs. stay up-to-date on all the election coverage. c-span's radio app means you always have c-span on the go. tweet from the associated press be the suspect is charged with attempted murder of police officers in a shootout before his arrest. we have an update on that coming up. senator tim test -- scott. thank you to law enforcement who put their lives on the land -- line. we must remain vigilant. president obama's brief remarks on the attacks in new york, a jersey and minnesota. that is next. " clinton at a campaign rally and donald trump campaigning in florida. then house speaker paul ryan laying out his economic plan for the united states. tweet.a this is from the russell office holding covering the life of senator robert byrd. this is