tv President-elect Donald Trump Holds Rally in Orlando Florida CSPAN December 16, 2016 7:00pm-8:01pm EST
relationships. so we may have partisan labels on us but the bottom line is, it's the relationship and trust that you build and i'm so fortunate that i built a lot of them and they're all here. so because of that, i think that it's not that, you know, well, >> enough know who you can rely on. that is the greatest difference and how i can better serve the constituency. >> do you ever wander out here in washington? >> do you know, i did. since then, senator who retired in 2012, he is somebody i see all the time. -- senatorensitive has taught me about how to be bipartisan. a joint appointment effort
with the library of congress when they did a series of lectures. intopic was civil liberties the time of national crisis. that was something i felt very passionate about. especially given the fact that we are coming up on the 75th anniversary of the attack on pearl harbor. that, which the theories really brought up, they japanese-americans. having watched what he went to her and heard what he went through an understanding that he already felt the most important thing was never forgetting who you represent and never forgetting that the power structure swings back and forth. you need to have those relationships because without those relationships, it is your constituency that really suffers. that is what i walk away from. a very great man who knew very well that to be bipartisan and to understand the needs of all
the various states and the never losing your concentration on your own state, it was really what this is all about. congresswoman, thank you very much for your time. >> think you very much when having me. hello. >> back in orlando as the central florida their ground away to the arrival of president-elect donald trump and vice president elect mike pence as they continued their postelection victory rallies here in orlando, the event should be underway in a few moments. live coverage on c-span. alex leary, washington bureau chief with the tampa bay times sent out this flyer for an rnc event fundraiser before the orlando rally. , president-elect trump attending.
white house reporter for bloomberg politics jennifer jacobs tweeting that mr. trump will do thank you rallies here ,n orlando and mobile alabama and will take numerous meetings in lorna and then spend the christmas holiday with family there. we will have live coverage of that mobile, alabama rally tomorrow afternoon. for a clock, here on c-span. president obama held a year and white house news conference this afternoon. of me show you a portion that event where the president commented on republicans and their impressions of vladimir putin. obama: they do better, some of the people who have been historically very critical of me engaging with russians and having conversation with them, also endorsed the president-elect. that wehe was saying
should stop sanctioning russia and being tough on them, or together with them. ouress our -- against common enemies. he was very couple memory of mr. putin personally. then't news, president-elect during the campaign said so. some people who had made a career out of being anti-russian did i say anything about it. then after the election, suddenly, they are asking why did you tell us that maybe the russians were trying to help our candidate? come on. there was a survey that some of , this is just one
poll. it is a pretty credible source. approveepublican voters of putin. over a third of republican approve of vladimir putin. the former head of the kgb. ronald reagan would roll over in his grave. how did that happen? forappened in part because too long, everything that happens in this town, everything that is said is seen through the lens of what it can help or hurt us relative to democrats or relative to president obama. unless that changes, we are
going to continue to be vulnerable to foreign influence. we have lost track of what it is that we are about and what we stand for. >> after tonight's victory valley with president-elect donald trump, in orlando florida, that event should be getting underway in just a few moments here on c-span, until it does, a portion of today's washington journal. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016]
>> joining us now is david strickland. this is the self driving coalition force industries. is the former administrator of the national highway traffic safety measures. good morning. the you for being here. i asked you to come up to talk to us about self driving cars. first of all, explain exactly what a self driving car is. how does it work? >> we think about it, you some aspects of self driving or automation today, those cars that you see that break for themselves that crash. cars that steered to keep you in the middle of the lane, think about that for a self driving all of the aspects of that technology tied together. so the person never has to be a part of the driving task. that is the long-range vision when you think about those driving cars. permanently a passenger and that is with the technology is all about.
>> how close are we to be able to use these? a lotare much closer that of people think. we will probably see deployment trafficked cities like san francisco. low-speed vehicles, like a taxi or self driving service where you will see this. you see aspect of that testing. longer. of time, you will see an evolution where these cars will be able to -- you can online. you can drive across the country without ever being a part of the driving test. probably having to feel a few times to do that. >> we will break down the phone lines this way for this particular segment on self driving cars. if you're between the ages of 18 and 34. call 20724 8000. if you're between 35 and 50 years old, evan 45 8000 one. if you're over 50 years old, 202748, 8002, that is your number. the poet to some interesting questions and comments for david strickland.
the self driving coalition for safer streets is relatively new. what is the mission and what are your policy goals in this area? >> our overall mission and policy goal is to make sure we can have a regulatory environment so that we can deploy these vehicles that have the ability to drive themselves. right now, we have issues in the states where they are differing and there are state laws in regards to driver operations and license. you no longer have a human driving. you do have a machine driving. that is something they have to work through. also, it is the consumer education effort. when you think about this, this is the transformational technology for safety. 94% of all crashes have an element of driver error in the. somewhere, there has been an issue with a decision that made that to the crash. we lost 35,000 92 people to traffic crashes. we're trend toward losing even
more in 2016. a fully self driving vehicle has the opportunity to address a number of these issues and is fatalities in the long-term. >> as this part of the industry wraps itself up, it might be kind of obvious but can you lay out the causes and minuses? you benefits and drawbacks of self driving cars? >> i think of the things that really are the drawbacks in some people's minds are that they love to drive. people have that beautiful sunday drive down george washington parkway, that sensory experience, things of that nature. i think it is very much a thing that people think they may miss. i do think that will be the case but that is one thing that we hear. another issue that is long-term is the evolution of driving skills. bewe have people who will using self driving cars as a mode of transportation, how do we deal with driver education? people do get into vehicles and heavy drive. that is one of a couple of
things that will have to be thought about and work through as the years go forward. the benefits are huge. safety, mobility, the seniors, they don't have the ability to drive anymore. those people had very few choices in self driving cars, they will give that freedom and the ability that they never had. it will be transformational. >> what is the industry saying about this company new concept question mark how are they point?the >> the work is testing and making sure that the technology does work. 99.999%to make it reliable. it is very close today. right now, the one issue that manufacturers are working on or -- four level five driving is that all of the sensors don't work very well in certain weather conditions like rain, snow or fog. you need line of sight.
those are the issues that they are working on right now. as those are overcome, you'll see a personal driving car that will be way safer than a human driver. >> this is the resident of audi. he wrote in the wall street journal earlier this year that software companies aim to work at the case as they go. this makes sense for those developing a smartphone operating system. fine-tuning on the fly is not feasible in the automotive world. develop over the next two years will determine whether the public actually excepts these innovations. wewrite that as automakers must with the temptation to exaggerate and remain honest about the technology possible in it. recklessly introducing the future risks losing the most critical component to the equation, the sumer -- the consumer. >> he is right, i know it very well. we have to be realistic and
honest with the public but with that, the technology is fantastic and the potential is huge. he is absolutely right in that we really only have one chance to do this correctly. we have to be thoughtful and conservative. we have to test thoughtfully, deploy thoughtfully and make sure that that is the limitation of the technology. we have to move forward that way. you are right, we are going to have cases. i'm not going to tell anyone that there is ever going to be a involves a self driving car in its automated mode. wehave to make sure that thoughtfully test and plan and address those educations as we come upon them. >> to the phones with our guest david strickland. #u are up first, how are you march: --
concern is that attacking the computer, not only with the 18 will attract but with the cars, what safeguards come if there can be any, kennedy it be 100% safeguards that the industry is taking on that? >> it is a fantastic question. the industry is working on cyber protections for cars on the road today. the national highway traffic safety administration has laid out the cyber security. the manufacturers are working to integrate them. i think the one thing that you said that we have to be aware of, cyber attacks are criminals that are always looking for an opportunity to exploit. you have to harden the vehicles and design for safety to make sure that we separate safety critical systems from things like entertainment, radio, hotspots, things like that. it goal is to make sure that
will be very hard for a cyber attack to secede. also to recognize that when you do have cyber attacks, you can identify them and shut them down quickly. the industry is working very hard to picture that capability is constantly evolving and maintained. but you are right separate security will be an important aspect for not only some -- self driving cars but all vehicles on the road. >> surmise the of the story we got on the washington post about these vehicles and michigan. gm is going to learn whether the --hnology can stand up and in the michigan's harsh winters. how are these cars being developed to deal with any kind of weather? >> there are a variety of sensors. i'm a simple, lawyer, i'm not an engineer but you're talking about ultrasonic radar systems, other systems that are integrated to see the road. you have to have additional systems to be able to see and recognize where you are when you have a whiteout condition.
they know that even a you can see the ill lines, they know exactly where it is. you have things like high-definition gps systems. there are other things to help address when you have is whether situations. that is the fun thing about this technology right now, everybody is trying to heart -- throw the hardest cases at it. whether in a rotary in boston, that is the fun part of this, trying to work through all of these anomalies and these regional differences and harsh conditions to make sure that this technology works. >> you mentioned the lidar systems which use laser beams. it is a sketch. it has these units, does radar sensors, cameras, we have chris on the line from seattle. 18-34, high chris. chris: as a millennial, i say it is not a matter of if and when.
we have grown up with these technologies. gps, microprocessors, is it .nevitable that it will happen the thing of a centralized technology like this is that you can map out roads and apply to all of the cars. if something changes, it will be much more efficient in knowing about those changes. all the cars can communicate with each other and they know where they are. it would work better. justestion is as far as the growth of the industry, with the trumpet administration anticipating lower taxes and gdp growth that is actually higher than 2%, can we see more progress toward this? i don't the american economy has been stagnant for like eight years. that leads to the diminishment of all industries. not just this one. this one is a huge one that could become much bigger and a
better corporate environment. i wanted to ask that. >> the one thing about the auto industry is that during the obama administration, post-2008 in the auto bailout, the industry has had expands by leaps and bounds. ors is where you have a 12 13 million market for several years. we're close that a long long time ago. i think that thinking about the technology and the opportunity, that self driving vehicles, i think they will be huge economic drivers for a number of reasons. providing transportation for those that currently don't have the number of choices that we would have if we had self driving cars. seniors,thing for thinking about the technologies and having the next as being an lead for self driving
technology, i agree with you, i think that the self driving vehicles for this country will be a tremendous growth opportunity and that is a reason why so many have leaned into it. >> clyde is climbing from newport, arkansas. calling earlier. i know the work with the lobbyists in washington to try and bring up our concerns with this. my concern is that a driver of this car is running over me on my motorcycle. the truck driving industry to be taking over? we have lost a lot of jobs in this country and technology is the reason of it, mostly. mexico and technology, i don't think we want to lose all is just to technology. but motorcycle is my main objective here. calling.you for >> i think both questions are excellent. as i mentioned earlier, 94% of
crashes have an element of human error. if you're thinking about motorcycles sharing the road with cars, you to make sure that folks are paying attention to you. i have a motorcycle license as well. the core issues that you want to make your that you're doing directing but you are also heavily reliant on the cars around you doing directing. iselle driving vehicle will have when were situational awareness. it will see the environment at all times. as opposed to being scared at the slow driving car, i think it will probably be the best friend that a motorcyclist will ever have because the self driving car is always going to work to avoid the crash and it will always be aware. it will always be looking and seeing, it will in the long term, i think motorcyclist will be much safer. the next question about the impact of self driving and things like the long-haul traffic -- trucking industry, right now, today, i've lived the industry is short 50,000 drives. -- drivers.
to give trying opportunity to drop the truck. i think so driving in the interim will probably help support the industry by closing that gap. also, long-term, if you think about it, and automated technology have had the variety of impacts on a variety of industries, sometimes, yes there are some transitional losses. other times, it has been gains. it record example is the automated telling machine. the banking machine when they just put them in. everybody thought we would not need a human teller. those atms spurred tremendous crop -- job growth. the products actually grew the industry as opposed to shrinking. theave to be mindful about job impacts but we think this technology is going to be a growth opportunity. not one that will have desperate impact and reduce jobs. >> you said earlier than we are closer than you might think to a few things, who is leading the way? which parts of the country?
which industries, which universities. despite how it has come to this point. >> i would have to say that the building about technology and innovation is that it is lowering all of the country. i can say that there is anybody who is leaving. you are seeing tremendous work in the state of michigan. you're seeing a ton in california, texas, pennsylvania, florida. a number of places across the country. are more than one to be involved in the race that are developing. that has been the real fun part of it. you are seeing universities across the country that are leaning in and getting involved. whether it is the university of is again or stanford. virginia tech, i know that i am leaving off tons of other schools. this really is a national phenomenon in terms of innovation. it is really happening almost everywhere in the country. calls,re we get back to
congressman jesse kautsky -- here's a look. controversies surrounding general motors, volkswagen, tectonic airbags and the automotivet industry doesn't always have a great track record with consumer trust in recent years. this. industry says why should they take them at their word and what assurances can the industry give the regulators? >> i would you answer the question? they're going to have issues. that is going to be a given. but ultimately, we think about the industry having the best
interest of the consumers at heart. despite his mistakes. the answers to representative shea cousy, see islamic arab -- she is congress one of my favorite members of congress. we have to end of trust. this is not a notion of running out of technology, this is we are going to show you all the hard work we are putting a day in a day out to make sure that goingechnology really is to achieve the safety and mobility that we believe. we want to show our work. that is the reason why our technology in this particular space and and our interaction with the regulators of policymakers, state leaders, consumer advocates, etc., it is going to show that. it will show that these will be ready and it will be a great success. james from bloomfield new jersey. thank you for waiting. what is on your mind?
i was concerned about the legal ramifications of this whole thing. even though the technology is great and much more efficient than humans, it still has flaws. i read an article that were wases was -- mercedes prioritizing the passenger's civilians.the who becomes accountable if someone is not driving. what are the legal ramifications? it, ayou think about vehicle is similar to a basic consumer product. self driving car is in its automated mode, i think almost every manufacturer has said that it will be responsible mayany issues that the car create. that is the status quo today.
about the particular issues under liability, a lot of people will find this difficult. i think it will be some fairly basic principles of how we deal with liability and how we think about these things. i think there was a lot of precedent there. aboutde a statement prioritization of values and life, what the vehicle does or a second or third. that happened today. beicles are designed to productive of the driver. the occupants. it is designed to be productive of the road users and making sure that if you do get into a crash with a car for the bumpers line up, things of that nature. you will see several things going forward with self driving cause. how to maximize avoid crash in the first place which is an entirely different concept. with that, making sure that you are protective of who your occupants are and the road
users. i think the manufacturers will be making those decisions. i think it will be thoughtful. i think he liability regime, i think it understands the disruption if you want to call it that. >> david in virginia. david: i am 72 years old. as a general principle, i have been very supportive of the new technology. certainly as i have been driving and buying new cars, i've been looking for more safety measures. i want to see if there is a car in your blind spot. however, i am concerned about the liability issue. with a million cars, tens of millions of cars on the road,
six sigma may not be enough. excellent point. the industry is always striving to be better and better in terms of the performances and safety. talking about liability, my work --h the coalition is also i'm also an attorney. i am a partner here in town. frankly, myself and my partners think is liability issues all the time. when you think about it, the vector is going to be self being hashicles that properly applied, oakley will reduce crashes. that means it will be fewer opportunities for liability concerns. the issue when you think about is who is responsible for the crash. is driven byr that the software part of the time, that is even more difficult cases to figure out. who was at fault.
these will have data recorders on every front today. they will be able to know whether the system was on or off. what the situation was before the crash, during the crash, after the rest. i think that in terms of liability, things will get easier because the vehicle will have more data about what happens when you do have a crash situation. we will factor that in figure it out. that was the regulation piece of others. president obama wrote an op-ed back in september, here's a bit of what he wrote about regulation. he said he can go too far. the government sometimes get the wrong planet comes to rapidly changing technologies. policy isat is new evolving with you is as is. think with the brakes on innovation he writes is for the public to lose confidence in the safety of your new technology. the government and industry have a responsibility to make sure that doesn't happen.
so speak about the federal piece about this. we did a tremendous amount of work to think about other pathways to settle the environment in terms of the deployment of testing the self driving cars. they issued a cap's policy couple of months ago. put forth a couple of expectations of the federal government. and 15 point safety assessment to be precise. that was immensely helpful in trying to help talk about states in their rules and governments rules. i think the president had absolutely right. we can sit in a situation where ishave a technology that clouds because you're being very prescriptive and very detailed about what can and cannot do. our opportunities are to let all of these fantastic researches flower.
lead,partment taking that secretary possibly on this to get us to where we are. with an environment that ensure safety and how we approach things. it is incredibly important. i think this is been a great first step. application is there between federal oversight and what the states are up to in this area? >> it is complicated. we are very focused upon it. the federal government has a traditional role of regulating vehicle safety standards. how long it takes for you to come to a stop and rollover -- things and thing like that. he states have been traditionally responsible for the operator. the human being. drivers training, registration, licensing. becomes thehine operator, there is this confluence of where there is federal authority and state authority.
transportationof stated that when the operator is a machine that it is a federal government that should be deregulatory. i think everybody agrees with that. we should hope that the states will focus on the number of things that they have within their current purview area and there is lots of it -- legacy relation. it will be an impediment to self driving if not corrected and not the go to you aspects of trying to regulate legal status standards. manyreating a number of niches across the country. it will be incredibly powerful in that way. >> we go north of d.c. into maryland and only maryland. 18 or 35-year-old, michael. to the program michael. michael: i had one quick question. i am a technical consultant. we have been studying the state-of-the-art and have autonomous vehicles are doing. level a question about
three vehicles which are, partial autonomy. i know that there is a lot of disagreements within the industry about whether or not to actually have level three partial autonomous vehicles or to skip over to full autonomy. mostly due to the inability to be sure that drivers are attentive and able to take back over when they are prompted. what do you see the passport? >> that is a great question. that really is an open question. there is a number of manufacturers that are working on level three solutions. levelll probably see some of product introductions. it will be very soon. such as x for chris as an example. it is a great question because there is the risk of having a driver be overreliance on the
technology and not being ready to receive control of the vehicle if the vehicle was to have control back. once again, i am not an engineer but i think it is an engineer solution where making certain that the driver is always in position and ready. the issue ultimately becomes whether or not the driver experience is going to be enjoyable. you can definitely make sure a person is ready to take over for the drive but it may actually be more stressful to have a person sitting and hovering over the wheel than not. there could be lots of other solutions which can make level three enjoyable and frankly useful. to be a stair step process of getting to level four and level five autonomy. level two is here today, level three is coming very soon. there may be opportunities for level three to exist before you get to level four and level five. some manufacturers mentioned bet level three may
overstepped because we can't rely on people to not rely on technology and get directly being pastors. >> ryan in scottsdale, arizona. ryan is 54 years old. ryan: it is a comments directed toward the american people about , i don't either is a necessity to have self driving cars. we have had vehicles for quite some time, i drive one myself, haven't really had a problem. is i'm concerned about creating an arena for manipulation through certain things like taxing drivers, creating bureaucracies and committees that elect themselves and regulate a certain industry of self driving cars. they also might create something unnecessary that an otherwise be to be in the first place. furthering on
other people that they didn't even think about it. >> thank you brian. >> would have to disagree with you about whether some driving are needed. 35,000 people died in traffic crashes last year. thousands and thousands of them as have been impacted forever. one third of all drivers are killed because of the actions of an impaired driver. half of all people who died in traffic crashes weren't wearing seatbelts. you talk about distraction, all the rage of things. the current administrator talks about this all the time. opportunity to have a technology that can break the chain of sorrow and loss in a way that will change the way america really does live as a society. when you have one of the biggest killers of all people and have a
technology that can intervene and do with that, that is our opportunity. there is thinking about how regulators may look at a technology, control the technology, how do you fund self driving vehicles? user is the need for a that has been an ongoing situation. we want to make sure we fund infrastructure, that will always be there. self driving cars i don't think is a vector to increase more regulars, i think it is frankly going to be the opportunity to peel back some if we have the notion that people are going to much safer in these vehicles. thank you for your thought. it was a great question. haltedcalifornia dmv self-serving cars in san francisco. they threaten legal action.
they don't like the self driving uber vehicles. couple of the self driving car that went to red lights this week. what is your reaction to this? an opportune old -- a position to talk about. others arel committed. is going tohat this be the solution. we are committed to working with policymakers. >> your last comment about money through the red lights, i'm a statistician. i was a that you have to compare that with all of the drivers who
are taking care of their cars and going through red lights. i have gone through red lights. my biggest thing is that when i -- when there are two levels of red lights, i am looking at the bar level and i should be looking at the near level. sometimes i run through the red light. also, i was just thinking that riving on the highway, is everybody going to be going to send speed? how do you know what space you ?ill going into i think the technology won't be complete for 20 or 30 years from now.
>> that is one of the best applications. you can pull up and in a particular control parking .arage the great question i think that the gentleman mentioned was human error happens all the time. i'm the former head of auto safety for the united states. i may try for errors every draft it. i openly admit it. i am attentive, i'm aware, i self correct. it will be ready before 20 or 30 years. how long will it take politically to turn over? you have self avid technology that will be available to
consumers. , it willhe road probably take 20 or 30 years to turn the fleet over to see this technology believe integrated. you see aspects of it in every car. right about- he is the leica penetration. the technology will be well before that though. >> could this be the end of traffic or better traffic? it is betterat traffic. legacy vehicles are not going away. people will still have cars that have to be driven, they don't have a machine interface. what you will have are fewer crashes. as congestion. see ak that you will diminution in traffic congestion. the other piece of it is when you're thinking about aspects that can connect the vehicles, the department of transportation issued rulemaking just a day or two ago.
cars talkout having to each other to help convey safety messages. if you have cars talk to each other so they situations, they can make adjustments or even ethical platooning where the cars are connected together by theages and they can have same speed, you can see some very beneficial impact on traffic. i love to see that traffic would disappear. i think that is being too aggressive. i think we will have a positive benefit. joel from naples, florida. : i to her three questions. you talked about road fatalities. carsu think self driving are going to encourage drugs and texting and senile blind people to drive?
and you said the average age of a car is 11 years, i owned by vehicles and- five three of them have manual transmissions and three of them are over 20 years old. >> you are right, it is an average. there are some cars that are well over 11 years and some that get turned over well under 11 years. but you're right, you can have cars that are in service for two decades, if you have one of those historically preserved cars you can have three decades or four decades. they can still drive along the road. i think that the opportunities there what you talked about is driving error. some driving cars will free people to do things. you can take a net in your car
or on the way. -- take a nap. you can watch youtube videos on the way to work. you can get there safely. the impact on drunk driving is huge. andddition to my day job being the head of the self driving coalition, i'm also the national board chairman of mothers against the driver. people make the decision to drink, it takes care of the entire drive. you will a drunk driving that way. i hope self driving vehicles invite people to have more freedom and gives us more protection. i would love to have the opportunity to be able to have a cocktail and then get in my car and my car takes me home. that is the best outcome you could possibly imagine.
>> reston in virginia is on the line, 18-34. -- i am a computer engineer. i'm still at the junior level so i am not advanced or anything. but i do find interesting is that the gentleman mentioned those cases earlier. i'm interested in, i don't know if you have any details. i think he mentioned that he is may turning into a busy intersection or severely that. we have all the sensors, i am assuming some of these will check for some of the ultrasonic vibrations coming back and then there is also an issue of being relied on road markings.
you notice that some road markings are very old. you cannot see them. i'm wondering what kind of solutions there are two handle the situation. wax i apologize for not being inappropriately or software engineer or automotive engineer but i can talk to you about the process. my fiveyou're right, members of the coalition and other manufacturers are working and dealing with the current environment that you see today. roads, dated markings, that curbs, aggressive -- s, rotaries where if you live in boston, a boston rotary, i white knuckle that for years while in the area. there are number of challenges. what they are doing is they --lly have an accurate
really accurate gps, other things. their engineers in the car as they are working with the system. vehicle,ontest the they can maintain that they are testing it safely. then you go through your failure modes. you see the vehicle recognizing the environment but it does not behave in the great that you want to, you go back, you read through of the data that your community and you make adjustments. testingthe reason why is so important and all of these difficult environments. testing safely is so important. have a do that, we can vehicle this is the difficult environments. it is a failure mode analysis. i guess that is what technology is doing. they're doing very -- they're are currently a council and spokesperson for the new group called the self driving
coalition for safer streets. the you for your time. think you for your expertise of on this this point. >> think is a much and happy holidays. you so much and happy holidays. >> we are still awaiting the arrival of president-elect donald trump and mike pence. they are continuing their series of postelection rallies tonight in orlando. tomorrow, and mobile, alabama, we will have live coverage of that event is low. it will get underway at four, eastern time tomorrow. the president-elect was said to attend a fundraiser in orlando, prior to tonight's rally. the president-elect is expected to spend the christmas holiday with his family in florida. that will be at the marijuana resort.
aerosmith ♪ ♪ >> we are waiting the arrival of donald trump and mike pence. another in a series of postelection rallies here in orlando. expected to get started shortly. until it does, a portion of today's washington journal from earlier. >> usa today, talking about the president's record on executive orders. the morning.
>> good morning. >> what is an executive order? >> that is one form of executive action. it is the most primitive form. it is the one that people hear about most often. put in thered, it is federal register. it instructs the executive , it haso do something the full force of law in the executive branch. it is required by law to cite a provision in the constitution. ofis not entirely outside that. that includes the president of miranda. by galatians, a whole host of are some formhat of action that the president can take by himself without relying on congress.
>> oftentimes, congress passes laws that are intended to last for decades. they don't necessarily go into the detail of how something is supposed to be a compass or who should publish it. the presidentthat must do this. the president says that he is a busy guy and can't do everything. it can also define some terms of legislation that congress pass. it may raise the standards. for example, you see the president using the executive orders to say that if you contract with the federal government, you have to pay your workers a certain amount. you have to have paycheck fairness. leave.e to have paid you cannot discriminate. that is all the things that the president can do.
to usee executive orders as executive authority in the area of the executive. we're looking forward to hearing from you. we will break the lines down with republicans, democrats and we'll take your calls as they start coming in. >> our guest is from ohio. enquirer, the actors beacon journal, he has been with the usa today for several years now. he served as congressman for politics reporter. he is now the white house reporter. he is gregory corti. the executivebout orders. a direct issue to federal agencies from the president and other department has, they can be amended or send it by another executive order. can you explain that question mark -- that part of the
process? i think that he has signed to enter 65 executive orders. they are implement it with the stroke of a pen. as ted cruz said, repeatedly, to the by the pen and die by the pen. president obama eight signs an executive order with just a signature. that -- trump can do that and resend many of these. some of them may be more controversial. those, president trump could undo very early on in his presidency. there is a pattern that has developed over the past few presidencies where there is a republican set of executive orders. when i would expect president trump to do very early on is resend the democratic package. like unionings
protections like federal markers, you have to notify the union rights. do certain regulatory schemes and contracting rules. there is a different package that republican presidents like. george bush, ronald reagan like. >> a couple more of the details. congressional approval not needed for these orders. the judicial branch can get involved, right? >> a lawsuit can be brought. any kind of executive action.