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tv   State Department U.S. Speaking with One Voice on North Korea  CSPAN  August 9, 2017 2:23pm-2:37pm EDT

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positive step in a negative step? guest: positive step would be -- let's rhetoric and give the sanctions time to see what they can do. i am pessimistic but it would be better to go that route then a blustering rhetoric about implying you are going to use nuclear weapons against another country. guest: positive step would be going to china, given them a short deadline and saying if they don't implement the sanctions, we will use our own sanctions. a negative step would be jumping at the negotiations at this time. we have no leverage and we will get a bad deal again. host: senior fellow for the foundation of defense of democracy, defenddemocracy.org. and ivan of the independent institute as he serves as a senior fellow at the center of peace and liberty.
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independent.org. thank you for the conversation. >> here on c-span we have in standby live for the briefing with state department spokesperson to focus largely on north korea, the president's comments yesterday to reporters, reaction from north korea. the secretary of state rex tillerson making his way back to the night takes from a -- to the u.s.. "americans should sleep well at night." north korea poses no imminent threat and the reports of comments earlier on his airplane as he flew back, actually first guam and then back to the u.s. the news conference should be coming up shortly with your on c-span. we will take a look next at reaction to the north korea story from this morning's washington journal. host: the president's statements responding to yesterday's news about north korea and reported
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potential of a nuclear weapon being capable to be inside of an intercontinental ballistic missile. to give us a perspective, errol campbell from the arms control association joins us, their executive director. thank you for joining us. guest: good to be with you. host: could you give us perspective on what this news means and tell our viewers exactly what we are considering when we hear about the potential of a weapon being inside an icbm? guest: we have known for quite some time that north korea is trying to develop a smaller, lighter, more compact nuclear warhead that can be delivered on a ballistic missile, particularly a long-range or intercontinental ballistic missile. the defense intelligence agency, one of several u.s. intelligence agencies, has issued a report that assesses that north korea
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has achieved this technical capability. we also know that in july they tested successfully for the first time a ballistic missile capable of intercontinental range. the take away here is that north korea is making fast technical progress. they are within maybe one or two years of the technical capability to deliver such a weapon on a long-range missile that has the capability in the short and medium range missiles are some time. this makes it all the more this withdeescalate talks with north korea to reduce tensions and try to find a way to halt further nuclear and ballistic missile testing, which will only help advance or capabilities. host: one of the papers
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highlights the fact that i will review what they say -- experts saying the main problem not miniaturization, but the real test is if the war had cancer by the intense heat of reentry from space. they are are not believed to have overcome this. guest: the view of the expert community is pretty well described. we simply don't know if they have mastered the reentry vehicle technology. but we have to remember is that with further testing they will. that is not the most difficult technical hurdle. the most difficult hurdle. designing and testing a device, particularly a lighter one. the other thing we don't know
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is if they master the targeting technology that is to guide such a weapon to a target. even if their capabilities right now are still a couple of steps isy, the problem here emergent. saying theyis not are going to strike a u.s. target unprovoked. they have said time and again this is a defensive capability. they are very fearful of u.s. and south korean military capability. they see this as their security guarantee. that is why we need to be careful not to provoke or precipitate a military crisis that could go nuclear. host: and reporting some have put out as far as the statement about review my north korea and its leadership about strikes on
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guam, do you take that at face value? considering your statement about people not strike unprovoked? host: we have to take it very seriously and understand the north koreans in that statement, can they speak and very hyperbolic, over the top terms all the time, they are responding to the fact that united states has been flying b-1 strategic bombers, conventional bombers, from guam in overflights over south korea as a sign of united states' support a result to protect our ally south korea. the north koreans are saying that we don't like that and we are capable of hitting guam with some intermediate illicit range missiles -- ballistic range missiles. the north koreans will meet
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every u.s. action with a counter reaction, possibly even more dangerous. it is important that president work withhis advisers our allies to deescalate this cycle which is growing in tensions and that increases the risk of catastrophe. host: effort that almost every recent effort in history has done. what about the potential that the new sanctions we rolled in will help or assist in that? of route the sections on saturday, that is a very important measure that will have a long term effect on north korea's ability to generate revenue on the role in it's
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nuclear missile program. north korea's nuclear and missile project will outpace the impact of the sanctions. sanctions will not bring north korea to change its course. in fact, the statement made by president trump yesterday, i think is only going to reinforce the north korean regime's resolve to resist the united states and show that they are prepared to defend themselves. it is important for rex tillerson to find a way to reach out to his north korean counterpart to explore the possibility of talks about talks , aimed at reducing tensions on
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the peninsula and trying to side's mutual security concerns. host: let's say the north korea potentialat is the threat against the u.s.? what is the range and potential devastation? guewsst: it is difficult to say. i would caution everyone to recognize that while the u.s. intelligence community is extremely good at their job they know less than they would like about where north korea is. we know that they are making substantial advances. they have a missile that was arranged to reach that -- that was ranged to reach the western united states. they probably do not have a warhead ready to go on that system, but in the next one to
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two years, they will improve that capability. that is why it is important to bring about a halt to their further long-range missile testing and any further nuclear tests that could help them perfect that warhead. nuclear weapons on any target are going to produce devastating effects. today is the 72nd anniversary of the u.s. atomic bombing of the city of nagasaki in japan. some 75,000 people were killed on that day, and several thousand in the months afterward. nuclear weapons are very dangerous. a nuclear war is something that every u.s. president has enormous u.s. responsibility to avoid or prevent. daryl: pettis philip --
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kimball.\ thank you for your time this morning. >> there will be more discussion about north korea tomorrow morning on "washington journal." we are live at the state department on c-span, waiting for the briefing with the spokesperson. the president continuing to talk about north korea earlier today saying, my first order as president was to renovate and modernize our nuclear arsenal. it is more stronger and powerful than ever before. hopefully, he tweeted, we will never have to use this power, but there will not be a time that we are not the most powerful nation in the world.
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[general chatter] >> the state department briefing should likely be dominated by questions about north korea which, yesterday, following the president's remarks, said they were examining attacking the strategic territory of guam, where some 16,000 or more u.s. service members and their families are stationed. the government released a video on youtube with plans for the
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island. >> good morning, my dear people of guam. i know that we woke up to the immediate reports of north korea's talk of revenge on the united states, and this so-called newfound technology that allows them to target guam. i am working with homeland security -- >> will show you that later. our scheduled briefing getting underway. >> we will start talking that something taking place in togo this afternoon. place byat was taken the u.s. trade representative. today, robert lighthizer and com sub-saharaned the economic trade and cooperation forum in togo. and grace together foreign minister's -- it brings

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