Skip to main content

tv   U.N. Security Council Holds Emergency Meeting on North Korea  CSPAN  September 4, 2017 9:58am-11:34am EDT

9:58 am
here in the united states. know where they come from, it just says distributed by. ap allen, thanks for the call from missouri this morning. calls this ll the morning. that will do it for the program today. we're going to be taking our viewers now live to the u.n. ecurity council where they're having an emergency meeting, the econd emergency meeting in a week over actions from north korea after north korean nuclear the weekend. viewer consist stay here. the see you back on "washington journal." >> a meeting requested by the u.s., japan, great britain and south korea in response to north korea's latest test. south korea believes the north is preparing more missile launches including an
9:59 am
intercontinental ballistic missile. the estimated test with five times larger than the previous tests. president trump said we will see when asked whether the u.s. will attack north korea. he said the u.s. is considering stopping all trade with any country that does business with north korea.
10:00 am
10:01 am
10:02 am
>> once again you're watching a live picture from new york city,
10:03 am
an emergency meeting called by the u.s., great britain, japan and south korea in response to north korea's latest nuclear test. we saw u.s. ambassador nikki haley minutes ago and we are waiting for this to get underway. live coverage on c-span.
10:04 am
10:05 am
10:06 am
♪ >> the meeting of the security council is called to order.
10:07 am
as this is the first public meeting of the council for the month of september, i should like to take this opportunity to pay tribute on behalf of the council to his accident sleep -- excellency, the ambassador. for his service as president of the council for the month of august. speak for all members of the council in expressing appreciation to the ambassador and his dedication and skill with which he conducted the council business last month. the provisional agenda for this nonproliferation democratic public of north korea. the agenda is adopted. in accordance with rule 77 of
10:08 am
theprocedure, i invite representative -- representative of the republic of korea to participate in the meeting. it is so decided. in accordance with rule 39 from the council's procedure, i invite mr. jeffrey feldman, undersecretary general of political affairs to participate in the meeting. it is so decided. the security council will now begin its consideration of item two of the agenda. i now give the floor to mr. jeffrey feldman. mr. president, members of the
10:09 am
security council. in a statement by the official news agency on three december -- the democratic people republic of korea announced it had successfully conducted a sixth nuclear explosive test. characterize the event ." "perfect test they further said it also "marked a very significant occasion in attaining the final goals of completing the state nuclear force." the executive secretary -- secretary of the preparatory commission indiana said in a -- vienna said it
10:10 am
-- its data indicated the event measured approximately 6.0 magnitude. measured al sources yield is high 6.3. in any case, there is evidence, the yield of the device was 'srger than any of the dprk previous nuclear tests. experts estimate between 50 and 100 kilotons or on average more than five times more powerful than the weapon detonated over here a shema. -- over her oshima. .- over hiroshima a smaller event was registered after the event. they have not yet completed the analysis of the second event. experts speculate it could have been caused by the collapse of the tunnel used in nuclear tests.
10:11 am
mr. president, in an earlier statement the same day, the dprk official media had claimed their leader had inspected what they claim to be a hydrogen bomb which was conspicuously displayed in front of an intercontinental missile. the article stated the hydrogen bomb was "a multi functional thermonuclear nuke with great destructive power which can be detonated at high altitudes for superpowerful emp attacks." this was a rare reference by the dprk to the use of emp. an electromagnetic pulse. it is triggered by a nuclear weapon with aim of widespread damage to sensitive electronics. this is the second emergency security council meeting on nonproliferation in the dprk in less than a week. and the 10th time the security council has met to discuss the
10:12 am
dprk this year. on 31 august, the foreign ministry issued a statement to reject the security council's recent presidential statement and said that the ballistic missile launch of 29 august was "the first step taken by the korean people's army in a specific operation and a meaningful prelude to restraining guam." their report today indicated the dprk may be preparing new ballistic missile tests. alarmed atnt, we are this dangerous provocation. secretary-general condemns the underground nuclear test announced by the dprk. this act is yet another serious breach of the dprk's international obligations and undermines international nonproliferation and efforts. is also profoundly
10:13 am
destabilizing in the regional and international security. country is the only that continues to break the norm against nuclear test explosions. secretary-general reiterates this call on the dprk leadership to cease such acts and comply fully with international obligations under the resolutions. mr. president, the secretary-general counts on the security council to remain united and take appropriate action. as was said in the security council meeting last week, as tensions rise, so does the risk of misunderstanding and escalation. the latest series of developments require a copperheads of response in order to break the cycle of the dprk. such a response must include wise in bold diplomacy. as the council considers its action, the secretary-general
10:14 am
reiterates the importance of humanitarian efforts regardless of the situation. to people of the dprk rely provide things in need. we will rank" nation with the concerned international organizations. members of the council and other governments concerned. thank you. >> i thank you for your briefing. to councilthe floor members who wish to make statements. floor to the representative of the united states. fore want to thank you allowing us to have this prompt meeting as it is very urgent and we want to thank the ambassador of egypt and his team for the way inhand and calm which he led this month. for more than 20 years, the security council has taken actions against north korea's nuclear program and for more
10:15 am
than 20 years, north korea has defied our collective voice. it is worth taking a few moments to recount some of the history. in 1993, the council approved , calling on north korea to remain in the nonproliferation treaty. that did not work. north korea withdrew and continued its nuclear pursuit. in 2006, the six party talks faltered and north korea conducted several ballistic missile launchers. 5,at led to resolution 169 condemning them. the same year, north korea conducted its first nuclear test usch led to resolution 1718 out in a you and sanctions regime aiming to stop all nuclear ballistic missiles and other weapons of mass instruction programs. after six party talks fell apart again in 2009, north korea
10:16 am
conducted additional missile launches and its second nuclear test. ,hat led to resolution 1874 which expanded sanctions including an arms embargo and cargo inspection obligation. in 2012, the leap day deal failed and north korea conducted two new space launches. the security council responded with the adoption of resolution .087 following north korea's third nuclear test in 2013, the ,ouncil adopted resolution 2094 expanding sanctions to restrict financial, maritime, aviation and diplomatic activities. by 2016, north korea had conducted its fourth nuclear test and another space launch. they follow that with more missile launches. in response, the council adopted multiple resolutions expanding
10:17 am
sanctions even further, targeting whole sectors of north korea's at economy. this year, the council got even more serious. first we adopted resolution 2356 , designating high-ranking north korean government officials as military strategic rocket forces command for individual sanctions. last month after the regime's first two icbm launches, we , theed resolution 2371 strongest sanctions we have ever imposed on north korea. that resolution band north andan exports of coal, iron seafood and impose several measures that will significantly cut off the revenues needed to fund their nuclear program. why did i take the time to go through this? to make this point. the united nations security council has spoken with unusual unity and consistency on north korea.
10:18 am
that is a good thing. along the way there have been problems with ample mentation and the council has at times -- with implementation and at times the council has been too slow or week. this is not a time when we have allowed division to stop any action. despite our efforts over the past 24 years, the north korea nuclear program is more advanced and more dangerous than ever. they now fire missiles over japanese airspace. they now have icbm capabilities. they now claim to have tested a hydrogen bomb. and just this morning, there are reports the regime is preparing for yet another icbm launch. to the members of the security council, i must say enough is enough. we have taken an incremental approach and despite the best of intentions, it has not worked. members of this council will no doubt urge negotiations and a
10:19 am
return to talks, but as i've -- but as i have just outlined, we directgaged in numerous and multilateral talks and time after time they have not worked. the time for half measures and the security council -- from the security council is over. the time is to exhaust all of our diplomatic means before it is too late. we must now adopt the strongest possible measures. kim jong-un's actions cannot be seen as defensive. he wants to be acknowledged as a being apower, but nuclear power is not about using those terrible weapons to threaten others. nuclear powers understand their responsibilities. kim jong-un shows no such understanding. his abusive use of missiles and his nuclear threats show that he is begging for war. war is never something the
10:20 am
united states wants, we don't want it now. what our country's patients is not unlimited. we will defend our allies and territories. the idea that some have suggested a so-called freeze for freeze is insulting. aen a rogue regime has nuclear weapon and an icbm pointed at you, you do not take steps to lower your guard. no one would do that. we certainly won't. the time has come to exhaust all diplomatic means to end this crisis and that means quickly enacting the strongest possible measures here in the un security council. only the strongest sanctions will enable us to resolve this problem through diplomacy. we have kicked the can down the road long enough. there is no more road left. this crisis goes well beyond the u.n. the u.s. will look at every country that does business with theh korea as a country and
10:21 am
united states will look at every country that does business with north korea as a country that is giving aid to the reckless and dangerous nuclear intentions. what we do on north korea will have a real impact on how other outlaw nations who seek nuclear weapons choose to conduct themselves in the future. the stakes could not be higher. the urgency is now. 24 years of half measures and failed talk -- failed talks is enough. thank you. >> i think the representative of the united states for her statement. i give the floor to the representative of japan. appreciate the president for convening this urgent briefing. requested by the u.s., republic of korea, france, u.k. and japan. ago, the a week
10:22 am
security council gathered to condemn the lunch of the ballistic missile -- launch of the ballistic missile which flew over japan. announced north korea it had succeeded in miniaturizing a nuclear warhead to be attached to an icbm. only hours later, north korea conducted the sixth nuclear test. een together, it is clear how belligerent and dangerous north korean actions are and how it is not a problem just for north korea, but for the entire international community. the security council must not waste any time in putting an end to such an egregious and unacceptable challenge to the security and safety of the world. ,egarding the nuclear testing
10:23 am
north korea is the only one to have conducted nuclear tests in the 21st century. exactly one year ago, north korea conducted the first nuclear test and the council members were united in expressing condemnation in the strongest terms. the international community urge north korea to stop, but north korea port precious resources to enhance -- poured precious resources to enhance nuclear capabilities. the sixth nuclear test exhibited the magnitude of the explosion far greater than the previous one and has raised the threat to an unprecedented level. launches, theile security council has adopted stern presidential statements less than a week ago. i will not repeat the discussion, but let me just remind you that missile launches
10:24 am
and nuclear tests are part and parcel of north korea's nuclear development. taken together, the threat it poses has entered truly a new level more grave. test by north korea is a clear violation of the council resolutions and is a brazen challenge to the international disarmament and nonproliferation regime centered on the treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons. japan, dprkates the declaration. japan strongly condemns north korea and has directly launched their protest against north korea. fact that manyhe
10:25 am
number of members of the world as well as the secretary-general -- they have already issued statements strongly condemning north korea. , theeyond condemnation tourity council must act stop north korea from continuing down this road. we should make it clear to the north koreans that continuation will bring about serious consequences. we must put maximum pressure on north korea to change its policies. it continues to be critically important for all the member states to faithfully implement the existing resolutions that have been unanimously adopted, 2321 and 2371.
10:26 am
but that is not sufficient. japan stresses the need for the council to adopt swiftly a new resolution which further robust sanction measures. in paragraph 29 of resolution 2371, the security council toressed its "determination take further significant measures in the event of a further dprk launch or nuclear test." the council must act on this determination accordingly. japan is looking forward to continuing to work closely with all the members of the council on this urgent and grave threat to the peas and security of the world. i thank you, mr. president. >> i think the representative of japan for his statement. i give the floor to the representative of france.
10:27 am
mr. president, at the outset i would like to thank egypt for its excellent president council and i congratulate eiji of ethiopia. ethiopia on its succession to the council president this month. you can count on france possible support this coming month. which is said to be particularly busy. i thank you for convening the emergency meeting. urge that the joint request of the u.s., republic of korea, japan, france and the u.k.. i thank jeff feldman for his highly elucidating presentation. traversed north korea a major threshold in escalation
10:28 am
following two intercontinental ballistic missile launches and the open endangerment of countries in the region. last night it undertook a sixth nuclear test. this was immediately detected by the international monitoring system of the contra -- top brands of test ban treaty organization. seniormost officials most vehemently condemned this incident. beyond the expression of solidarity, which on behalf of france, i especially address to countries in the region. to thearticularly international community as a whole that i call for there to be a clearheaded resolute approach with a full grasp of the gravity of the situation. clearly, each of us today is concerned by this. for each of us is threatened.
10:29 am in the course of a few months, the threat has changed both in die mention and nature. the threat is no longer merely regional. it is a global threat. is no longer virtual, it is imminent. it is no longer merely a serious threat, it is an existential threat. this grave global threat undermines our security, it undermines stability and undermines international peace. through this test, the pyongyang regime persists in violating its obligations and in defying us. each north korean action reflects a reckless ongoing methodical effort on a part of the regime to as soon as possible deliver on its dangerous obsession. i'm referring to the possession ofi am referring to the possessn
10:30 am
of a nuclear arsenal, which is designed to shift not only bounces, theglobal capacity of nuclear capacity and icbm's now constitute a ubiquitous danger. mr. president, in this context, weakness or vacillating is not an option. for this reason, france calls for an expeditious, resolute, united response by the council underpinned by three elements. the prompt adoption of new sanctions against the north korean regime. the stringent and limitation of existing sanctions by all stakeholders, and lastly the adoption of additional measures by the european union. time is ticking.
10:31 am
let us be aware of this. we know pyongyang has not hesitated, will not hesitate even at the cost of the lives of its people to breach the most basic rules we have set forth in terms of nonproliferation and beyond. this is a major and avowed undermining of all foundations of our systems of law and security. we cannot countenance this. we share ay, responsibility to uphold this and reinforce this. our credibility is at stake. to those who believe that the willingness of dialogue in the international community is lacking. the present conditions -- it is evident north korea has not given the slightest signal, not
10:32 am
the slightest pledge of a possible willingness to negotiate on its nuclear ballistic missiles. given the contempt for international law, we must not compromise. decisionsn of our own cannot be subject to bargaining. we cannot allow our reactions to be dictated. north korea must really push its -- must relinquish its nuclear program. it must comply. join the comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty. eturnting north korea to r to the negotiating table, we continueinue to existing sanctions. they are effective. let's recall major economic
10:33 am
sanctions were only adopted by the council in 2016, so they continue to be stepped up. we must further step up, we must maximize pressure on the pyongyang regime. france supports the prompt adoption of new sanctions by this council, particularly in the economic realm and other sectors. we are firmly committed to similar initiatives at the european union, as i mentioned. alarming spiral of princeton ship and provocations ship andsman provocations from north korea must accept the responsibilities of the soul response we forward isan put strict, unambiguous policy based on the goals of a complete dismantling of the north korean
10:34 am
program. only on the basis of this resoluteness,most only this way can we change its calculations to prompt the north korean regime to return to the negotiating table without preconditions. that is the only way we can pave the way to a political resolution to the current crisis. mr. president, in the light of this heightened, extremely grave threat, the council must rise to the responsibility it has a ssumed. you may rest assured that france is committed to this. thank you. gentleman --e thank the gentleman from france for his statement. >> thank you, mr. president. this is the sixth time the
10:35 am
security council has come together to condemn a nuclear test by north korea. the sixth time the world has held its breath. north korea is the only country in the 21st century to have conducted such tests against all international standards of behavior. in addition, we have met many times in recent months following other north korean provocations, most recently just last week in response to its reckless missile test over japan. yesterday's nuclear test explosion was by far the largest yet. combined with the increasing range of its missiles, north korea poses a threat not simply to its region, but truly to global peace and security. this latest test has been rightly condemned already most of the governments represented
10:36 am
here today. eight sanctions resolutions on north korea. the country is subject to the most stringent sanctions currently applied by this council, and still north korea continues to put its illegal missile and nuclear programs ahead of international law, international security, and the will of this council. this is a disturbing and unprecedented situation. rarely has estate remained so -- defiantate remained so against repeated powerful rounds of sanctions. it is clear existing sanctions applied by the security council on north korea are having an effect. in particular, the measures against commodity exports in the financial sector applied in 2016 are making it harder and harder for pyongyang to acquire the
10:37 am
hard currency necessary to fund its program. each day that gets harder still. thanks to the efforts of many states around this table. those who doubt this impact need only read the statements coming from the north korean regime. they rail against the sanctions we have placed upon them. dprk isso clear that uniquely willing to put their illicit programs ahead of the well-being of its people. those people suffer appalling repression and suffer to even see it themselves. the leadership of north korea has chosen this path of the finest at great cost. threat to this unique international peace and security , the security council must condemn this test and the entire north korean missile and nuclear program.
10:38 am
we continue to wish for a peaceful way forward. dialogue will always be our end goal, but returning to dialogue without a serious sign of intent setupyongyang would be a to failure. north korea must change course to allow a return to dialogue. were they to do so, the opportunity exists to end this crisis. until that moment, we must stay the course on sanctions and continue, as the secretary-general has called for, to present a united front. weekd when we met last that a new security council resolution was required. in light of yesterday's nuclear test, our resolve to act has increased still further. we must increase the pace of implementation of existing sanctions and work rapidly
10:39 am
toward the adoption of a new and effective resolution while continuing to enforce the measures this council has already agreed. we should go forward by taking steps to sever the funds on which the regime relies to pursue its illegal and destabilizing programs. we should further restrict the unethical exploitation of north korean workers overseas. north korea has created a deeply dangerous and unstable situation. the united kingdom will work with our partners on this council and beyond to tackle the challenge. i urge all states to join us. >> i think the representative of the united kingdom for his statement. i get the floor to the representative of china. thank you, mr. president.
10:40 am
on the third of september, the the generale opposition of the international community, regarding the relevant resolutions of the security council, conducted a nuclear test, which are president strongly opposes and condemns in violation of the security council resolution. achieving the nuclear's asian of the korean peninsula and achieving peace and stability in the region is the firm stance of the present and the international community. tostrongly urge the dprk face up to the strong will of the international community on the issue of the denuclearization of the international community and
10:41 am
abide by the relevant resolutions of the council, stop actions that are not in line with its own interests either and truly returned to the track of solving issues with dialogue. the situation on the peninsula is deteriorating constantly as we speak, falling into a vicious circle. the issues must be resolved peacefully. china will never allow chaos and war on the peninsula. the parties concerned must strengthen their sense of urgency, take due responsibility, play their do measures,e practical make joint efforts together to ease the situation, restart a dialogue, and prevent further deterioration of the situation on the peninsula. russiaposal by china and
10:42 am
takes a two track approach, which promotes the denuclearization of the peninsula and the establishment of a piece mechanism in parallel , the suspension of initiatives for the dprk to suspend spending legalization efforts and to suspend large-scale military exercises and the steps are the basis on which both countries jointly propose a roadmap to resolve the issues. this joint initiative by china and russia is practical and feasible, aimed at addressing the most urgent security concerns, easing the tension as soon as possible, preventing the escalation of the situation, achieving through dialogue the denuclearization of the peninsula, and achieving peace and stability of the region.
10:43 am
we hope the parties concerned will seriously consider this and actively respond to it. china calls upon the international community to jointly and comprehensively and fully implement the relevant resolution of the security council on dprk, firmly push forward the goal of denuclearization of the peninsula, and firmly maintain the peace and stability of the peninsula. thank you. >> i thank the representative of china for his statement. again the floor to the representative from ukraine. andhe united states, japan, the republic of korea for initiating the meeting today. the open formats of our meeting is important so that it gives no doubt in what the north korean regime will hear from every member of this security council. we need to express our attitudes to their policies loud and clear.
10:44 am
presents a threat to international peace and security and constitutes a fragrant breach of the international regime. this regard, i would like to recall today's statement from the minister of ukraine saying, in conjunction with pyongyang's ballistic missile program, poses a severe threat to neighbors and the entire international community. along with strategic missile delivery, ukraine regards john gaines actions as dangerous provocation. it is most deplorable that the north korean leadership has once - defiede five - united nations security council resolutions. cease all them to
10:45 am
nuclear tests without delay and restart constructive dialogue without preconditions in order to complete the human annunciation its nuclear programs. ukraine stands ready to join other members of the international community, including the current nonpermanent member of the security council in taking stronger and more decisive measures to curb missile threats. we call upon the un security council to undertake in-depth investigation and the development of the north korean nuclear and missile programs in order to expose any possible for assistance to pyongyang in this area. there are some points the ukrainian delegation would like to highlight. pyongyang's policies proved to be consistent and clear in ignoring international law,
10:46 am
illegal activity leaves no hope for dprk compliance. their aggressive rhetoric is aimed at legitimizing such acts through blending other states for raising -- blaming other states for raising tensions in the region. the council should use every instrument at its disposal to ensure full implementation of its resolutions. at the same time, we cannot but recognize that we urgently need even more urgent measures to respond to the growing nuclear threat on the korean and insulin. ukraine remains ready for constructive work with all delegations on this issue to ensure positive changes in the current situation and move closer to the denuclearization of the korean peninsula. i thank you. >> i think the representative of ukraine -- thank the
10:47 am
representative of ukraine. i give the floor to the representative of italy. latestpresident, the nuclear test by north korea situation.a grave we immediately condemn this act in the strongest terms since the first hours, the prime minister's has been in close mitigation with our partners. pressure pyongyang to desist from its continued provocations. as our foreign minister stressed, by pursuing nuclear and ballistic missile programs, pyongyang poses a clear threat to international peace and security and is increasingly and seriously challenging the global
10:48 am
nonproliferation regime. has -- is the only country that has tested nuclear device in the 21st century. such a breach highlights once more the urgent need for the conference of nuclear test ban treaty to enter into force. also, following an initiative by the italian presidency, the g-7 leaders issued a statement this morning urging the full implementation of the security council resolution, stating the readiness to adopt further and recalling the primary role of this council. solidarity tofull the governments of the region as well as their peoples who are directly affected by the consequences of pyongyang's irresponsible acts while
10:49 am
reaffirming north korea's nuclear and missile programs are a global threat that concern us all. the dprk regime continues to defy the authority of this council and the will of the international community as a whole. poses aest nuclear test new level of threat. dprk puts a complete stop to this program in a verifiable and irreversible manner. the president underlining the to thence he attaches international community on this matter. we believe a farm and is determined response to this -- a firm and determined response by this council is called for. we urge the security council to adopt further resolutions and
10:50 am
will work constructively in this matter. sanctions must remain a tool aimed at a peaceful and long-term solution for the korean peninsula and the region as a whole. in this vein, we are committed to ensuring that the sanctions regime does not have a negative effect on the humanitarian situation in the country. finally, we will continue our efforts to ensure a comprehensive and fall implementation of the sanctions regime by the whole you in membership. we are organizing soon yet another everything open to the world membership on resolution 2371, and i urge all member states to attend. an effective sanctions regime is and will remain essential to make the dprk leadership
10:51 am
calculate the price of challenge to the international community and bring them back to the negotiating table for credible, multilateral talks. thank the representative of italy. i give the floor to the representative of sweden. >> thank you. thank you for your brief. mr. president, on the days since we last met to discuss dprk, we want again find ourselves called together to respond to the provocative actions of pyongyang. sweden condemns in the strongest possible terms yesterday's nuclear test. it constitutes a clear threat to international peace and security and an unacceptable provocation and clear breach of the dprk's international obligations in defiance of numerous security council resolutions. dprk's dangerous and
10:52 am
destabilizing course of action further exacerbates the precarious humanitarian situation. another example of the regimes determination to pursue nuclear ambitions with an utter disregard for the well-being of its own people. this latest action further raises the re heightened tensions in the region as a result of the dprk's actions in recent months. the potential for mistakes, misunderstandings, and miscalculations is high. there is a pressing need to reduce tension in the region and consider how this council can offer a conference of solution to the situation. we renew our call on the dprk to abandon the dangerous path it is pursuing, to comply with international obligation, and to take positive steps in line with the conference of nuclear test ban treaty and the treaty on the
10:53 am
nonproliferation of nuclear weapons. mr. president, the council must deliver a firm response and against thed threats to peace the dprk's actions constitute, not only to their neighbors and the region, but to the global community at large. we ready to explore new sanctions. however, sanctions must be duly implemented to have the desired effect. this is also a matter of credibility for the u.n. systems. es have a duty to implement the relevant sanctions. the implementation of the sanctions, if the implementation of the sanctions remains inconsistent and highly inefficient, all you and states must do their best in regard.
10:54 am
in this context, we look forward to the briefing on the 1718 committee and further measures to strengthen the implementation of sanctions enforced. at the same time sanctions alone will not solve the situation on the korean peninsula. there is no military solution to the test situation. in light to the growth and tensions, there is an urgent need to avoid further escalation to take steps to prepare for a peaceful and diplomatic and conference of solution to the situation. diplomatic efforts are urgently needed. a regional security mechanism should be a medium-term goal. the pursuit of weapons of mass distraction represents one of the greatest threats to
10:55 am
international peace and security . preventing their development and use is a crucial responsibility of this council. sweden stands united with council members and condemning actions that jeopardized international peace and security. thank you. >> i thank the representative of sweden for her statement. i give the floor to the representative of olevia. bolivia. >> we would like to thank the undersecretary of the breathing he provided us this morning that led to the convening of this present emergency meeting. olivia condemns in the most robust terms the underground theear tests carried out by dprk.
10:56 am
according to media reports, the nuclear test was 10 times more powerful than the tests carried out in 2016 and 100 times more powerful than the first nuclear test in 2006. bolivia regarded by some pacifist ideology and opposition to nuclear tests and is a nuclearon of the nonproliferation treaty because the manufacture of nuclear weapons commensurate with what is prescribed in the treaty banning nuclear weapons in the latin america and caribbean, thanks to the treaty latin america and the caribbean have become the first nuclear weapon free zone in the world. we call for this example set by latin america and the caribbean to be carried by other regions of the world.
10:57 am
we echo the words of the secretary-general who stated the is anotherthis act serious breach of international obligations of the democratic people's republic of korea and nucleares international nonproliferation efforts. we call on the dprk to relinquish its nuclear and ballistic missile program in a complete and your reversible way. token, we call upon all parties involved to refrain e tensions andh jeopardize international peace and security. we call on all parties to avoid any unilateral action, any falls short of
10:58 am
international law. we call upon cooler heads to prevail among the parties involved and call upon parties to halt this march into confrontation as well as the usingg of threats of military force. we reiterate our support for the chinese suspension or double restraint initiative which will allow for a simultaneous freeze. a return to the negotiating table and underscore the importance of compliance, which establishes the security is the only body legally responsible for measures of international peace and security. we must avoid taking unilateral action. boliviasnow, opposes unilateral sanctions.
10:59 am
efforts in the work of multilateral organizations such as our own internet unilateral sanctions by their own nature represent the imposition of the domestic legislative and political will of one state on another. we make the point that sanctions are not in and of themselves, but a useful tool. there can be no military solution to this situation. we call to the parties involved -- of thecomply general assembly which calls for a resumption of the six party tops. with the objective of achieving genuine and verifiable denuclearization of the korean
11:00 am
peninsula. recall topeats its all stakeholders to rule out a military alternative. we call upon all parties to return to dialogue to achieve a peaceful diplomatic and political solution that will presage utilization of the , which is our overall goal. denuclearization of the peninsula, which is our overall goal. president, we extend our gratitude for the briefing on the latest north korean nuclear test. missileocative nuclear activity by pyongyang has recently gained dangerous momentum. we are deeply troubled by the testing announced by pyongyang
11:01 am
officials of a thermonuclear explosive device for icbm. there is no doubt that we are experiencing one of the greatest and most traumatic stages of development -- gravest and most dramatic stages of development on the korean peninsula. this looms larger than ever before. blatant display of disregard by north korea of the relevant security council vehementns warns condemnation. we cannot disregard the fact that dprk's leadership through its action to undermine the global nonproliferation regime is posing a great threat to
11:02 am
peace and security on the korean peninsula and that the global level. pursuit of such a policy is fraught with serious repercussions for the dprk itself. at the same time, it is evident to us military solutions cannot thele the issues plaguing korean peninsula. given the unfolding situation, there is an urgent need to maintain a cool head, to refrain from any action that can further escalate tensions. we reaffirm the need for comprehensive and full compliance by all stakeholders with the relevant security council resolutions, including the recent resolution 2371 adopted by consensus. many today dealt into the
11:03 am
history of attempts to halt dprk's nuclear and missile programs. evidence ofrves as the fact that we found that it to use security council resolutions that were only .eared towards sanctions we call upon all stakeholders to immediately returned to dialogue and negotiations as that is the tha-- to comprehensively that is the sole way to comprehensively resolve the situation. mr. president, the russian federation calls for the
11:04 am
international community not to emod to a motion, to act -- tion, to act in a calm way. we stress a comprehensive settlement to the issues plaguing the korean peninsula can be arrived at through political diplomatic channels, including by leveraging the mediation efforts of the united nations secretary general. thank you. ank the representative of the russian federation for his statement. i give the floor to the representative from uruguay. >> thank you very much. given the seriousness of this swiftlyn, i will move to my remarks, but i like to preface those remarks by
11:05 am
congratulating egypt on their excellent exercise of that role throughout august i would like france, thean, european union for having ethiopia agreed to their requests and the undersecretary for his breathing. we stand fully behind every word of that briefing. we fully share his views. uruguay would like to express its satisfaction that it issue of this nature is being dealt with in an open session security council. we believe this will make a to fosteringuting transparency in the world and streamlining the way we function as a body. uruguay would like to condemn in the strongest possible terms the detonation of a nuclear weapon that was carried out yesterday by north korea. this is the sixth such test
11:06 am
carried out by that country since 2006. the world iss moving in a different direction when it comes to weapons of mass to -- destruction. no one else carries out tests of this nature, only north korea of securitylation council resolutions. it seems to shrug its shoulders at the potential dangers aftermath of such tests on its own territory, on its own people , and the fact that this could seriously damage its neighboring countries. this seems to not bother them one jot. we marked the international day against nuclear tests and we spoke to properly implement the
11:07 am
international treaty and move to the universalization of the np tt. the obstinate behavior of the dprk, and as has been made clear on various occasions, they are the only country carrying a nuclear tests in the 21st century. such tests are a threat to international peace and security. said nuclear tests in the launches of intercontinental ballistic missiles is unprovoked provocation and leads to further destabilization in the korean peninsula and heightened tensions in the region. we call once again upon north korea to abandon its nuclear program in a complete,
11:08 am
verifiable, and irreversible way and put an immediate end to all relevant actions, including watching icbms and other provocative actions. uponsimilar vein, we call this country to sign up to the , and and the safeguards submit to those safeguards. immediately comply with the resolutions of the security council. we need to continue to take immediate actions, always falling within the letter of the united nations charter and international law. we stand willing to adopt new and more robust sanctions by this body. by speakersated previous to me, we need to make sure we implement existing
11:09 am
sanctions and those we intend to adopt in the future, and they need to be implemented by all member nations, and need to make sure they do not have any adverse impact on the people of north korea themselves. delicateto this situation is only to be found in diplomacy, in the framework of an international approach that enjoys the full by an of all countries, particularly those countries with influence on the korean peninsula. as part of this process, it is essential security council speak with one voice, and we act with for ain the quest peaceful and diplomatic situation -- resolution to the situation. >> i thank the representative of uruguay for his statement. i give the floor to the representative of kazakhstan. >> mr. president, we would like to commend the delegation of
11:10 am
egypt for a very able presidency last month. ank our colleagues for taking up the proceedings of the security council. thank usd jeffrey feldman for his report as well as the delegations of the u.s., u.k., france, and japan for calling this meeting. it is absolutely unacceptable for the international community to see the detonation of the sixth test1st century -- nuclear in the 21st century. it is even more frustrating to receive this news just as we have separated the international
11:11 am
day against nuclear tests. it should be noted that the resolution establishing the international day against nuclear tests was unanimously adopted by all member states, including dprk. we call upon the north korean regime to abandon its current intentions and return to the negotiating table. unanimous states were in condemning the nuclear threats caused by the provocative actions of p on gang. proceedings,oday's to achievinge agreements, bilateral and multilateral to initiate state-by-state denuclearization of the korean peninsula. which willences of
11:12 am
be most hazardous not only for north korea itself but for international security. a military approach has never led to any sustainable or lasting solution of the problem. firm conviction that nuclear weapons are not a true guarantor of international stability. world powers have demonstrated own by ensuring one's defense with nuclear weapons is not a viable strategy. as a country that has survived a horse of nuclear testing, we believe nothing can justify such human acts. we stand with countries of such region and the entire world to finding the conference of solution to this situation. due diplomatic action is necessary to avoid the dangerous trend on the korean peninsula
11:13 am
combined with smart actions. we call on all member states to join this effort. we call on gang gang -- pyongyang to change its course. we hope dprk and others can learn from the clear and undisputed example of classic denouncedh not only nuclear weapons but treated a nuclear weapon free zone. -- created a nuclear weapon free zone. thank you. thank the representative of context and. i give the floor to the representative of egypt. >> mr. president, egypt the eminently condemns -- the
11:14 am
condemnsy the nuclear test conducted by dprk yesterday. commitment ongoing of the importance to safeguard the credibility of the nuclear nonproliferation regime, we reject any double standard in this regard and are committed to setting an example in dealing conscientiously and strictly posed to theat nuclear nonproliferation regime. egypt fully grasps the nature of the threats being caused by north korea and its violations of the security council and the threats this poses to the
11:15 am
international peace and stability. the threat this poses to the security of northeast asia. korea tols upon immediately cease all violations of security council resolutions refraining from any actions that might further escalate tensions and which might jeopardize security internationally and regionally. ,e condemn all such violations and support the security council assuming it's responsibility in this regard. ladies and gentlemen, egypt
11:16 am
again reiterates its call upon all stakeholders to seek to identify a peaceful settlement to the issue, a solution to eliminate all nuclear weapons, and to establish lasting peace between the two koreas, and to demonstrate restraint in line with provisions of security council resolutions to safeguard peace, stability, and international stability. to break this dangerous cycle of ongoing violations by the dprk of security council resolutions, in this context egypt again welcomes any initiative for constructive idea that can lead to a junior
11:17 am
peninsulaf the korean and lead to lasting peace in that region. by oncelike to conclude again voicing our great interest in safeguarding unity, in dealing with this matter which is of concern to us all and to ensure that there be international unity to attain the goals of the various measures adopted. thank you. k the representative of egypt. i give the floor to the representative of senegal. >> i would like to begin by thanking the british, french, u.s., and japanese delegations for calling this emergency meeting of the security council.
11:18 am
and thank you for responding so swiftly in convening this meeting. once again, we find ourselves brought together following the latest in a long line of acts of defiance against the international community, the defiance ofhe -- the security council are the dprk, this time the nuclear test carried out sunday by the regime of the dprk who state publicly that they successfully tested a thermonuclear hydrogen bomb with an unprecedented power and which could be installed upon their newly manufactured icbms.
11:19 am
follows from the intercontinental ballistic missile launch conducted last week, which followed hard on the heels of nuclear tests conducted by the regime. standing shoulder to shoulder with the international community, we condemn in the strongest possible terms the actions by the dprk that pose a threat to international efforts to bring about nonproliferation and disarmament. it leads to heightened tensions, strategic tensions in the korean , but not just, peninsula, but not just their, further on as well. resolutionsof our and measures taken against north korea, the authorities of that country, far from having relinquished nuclear ambitions,
11:20 am
are now jeopardizing the authority of the security illegal -- byir their illegal nuclear program. we are led to decide what we can do in response to this in order north korea abides by its international obligations in a credible and verifiable way. we must speak with one voice in condemning these actions and in coming up with new ways in order to implement our previous resolutions, including resolution 2371, and endowing these resolutions with teeth. the members of the united nations must also implement the provisions of the security
11:21 am
council resolution, including this resolution against north korea. ands in taking such actions on the basis of the information from the regular briefings we hear within this chamber and within the 1718 sanctions onmittee, and we think italy their readiness with the sanctions work. we remain convinced there can be no military solution to this crisis. we call upon the authorities of the dprk to respect the resolutions of the security council and put an immediate end to their illegal nuclear missile program and refrain from the development of its nuclear weapons program and return to within theting table framework of the six party
11:22 am
talks. >> i thank the representative of senegal for his statement. i shall now make a statement in the capacity of the representative of ethiopia. the situation surrounding the dprk is becoming increasingly complex and increasingly full of danger, not only for the peninsula, but for global security as a whole. the latest nuclear test by the dprk is a dangerous escalation with potentially catastrophic consequences. we join council members in condemning it in the strongest possible terms. came only atest few days after a resolution alling on it to abandon
11:23 am
need their weapons and calling for the need for a peaceful and diplomatic solution to the situation. there were overtures in that direction, but they were not seized. the latest nuclear test clearly indicated we may stand on the edge of the cliff. we agree with all councilmembers that we are in a very dangerous phase. we believe this council should use all means at its disposal to the dprk back to the negotiating table. we hope we will be able to take appropriate action to bring pressure to bear on the dprk by maintaining the unity of the council on this very delicate which has far-reaching
11:24 am
implementations -- i applications for peace and security. i now resume. on there no more names list of speakers. i now give the floor to the representative of the republic of korea. >> thank you, mr. president. i would like to thank you for convening this emergency meeting of the security council on the latest of their test conducted this sunday. i would like to take part in this important discussion.
11:25 am
it is with a deep sense of disappointment, frustration, and anger that i address this council today. one year ago, when north korea conducted its fifth nuclear test, the security council issued a stern warning that nuclearrea's continued tests would not be tolerated. since then, north korea has fired 20 missiles in flagrant disregard of new council resolutions. we held onto one last ray of hope, that north korea may at least refrain from additional nuclear tests. regrettably, the country has chosen a dangerous path in defiance of the stern warning of the international community. the nuclear tests conducted by north korea two days ago has proven to be its most powerful
11:26 am
the spark. -- thus far. following the ballistic missile , north korean july has been raising the level of threat and claims that the most developest was to nuclear warheads for its icbms. north korea's behavior has invited scathing reaction from the international community. over the past few days, numerous states from around the world have spoken in one unified voice by issuing statements strongly condemning north korea's nuclear test. even those countries that have been trying to be as sympathetic as possible vis-a-vis north korea's security concerns have added their own voice to such condemnations without exceptions
11:27 am
this time around. this is clear evidence that north korea's most recent nuclear test is an immense thelenge that threatens peace and security not only in northeast asia but of the entire world. the security council must respond to this series application with the adoption of a new resolution containing much tougher measures, responding to the magnitude and gravity of the test. now is the time to take measures that are robust enough to compel north korea to seriously engage in dialogue. the new resolution is not only to northlocking funds korea's illegal wmd program, but measures that pyongyang finds very painful. just five days ago, we celebrated the international day against nuclear tests in in a formal meeting.
11:28 am
a number of member states gathered to engage in serious discussion. spainlly all parts of member states that took the floor at the meeting strongly condemned north korea. the only country that has conducted nuclear tests in the 21st century and called on the country to immediately halt further nuclear tests. it was just a couple days later north korea conducted yet another nuclear test. today a voluntary moratorium on nuclear tests has begun a de yeto international norm, the world has yet to be free of nuclear tests due to a country that continues to stubbornly pursue a destabilizing path. desire to become a nuclear weapon state is the sole reason for the international day
11:29 am
against nuclear weapons tests. states,pon all never including the members of this council, to take full and decisive actions to this end. i call upon north korea to stop pursuing the path of self-destruction and make a strategic decision to pursue denuclearization, the only option and right away to ensure its survival. whether to stick to its current path of self-destruction or redirect itself to the path of survival is entirely the choice of north korea. thank you. ofi thank the representative the republic of korea for his statement. the representative of the united states asks for the floor. >> mr. president, due to the test and theethe nuclear announcement by north korea that
11:30 am
they are planning for another the test, we want to urge council to move quickly on this. i think that north korea has slapped everyone in the face in the international community who is asked them to stop. so the united states will be circulating a resolution and we will do that on monday. >> thank you. are no more names inscribed on the list of speakers. the meeting is adjourned. [gavel] [crowd noise]
11:31 am
>> we do have a follow-up from the new york times today. same monday times after the latest nuclear test, north korea appears to be making preparations to launch a ballistic missile. a south korean official said that today. has observed preparations for a north korean and her continental ballistic missile test a ministry official told lawmakers. the south korean military carried out drills today in response to the test. jets and ground forces, firing missiles in a simulated attack on the north nuclear site. they have asked the united states to employ strategic assets including an aircraft carrier group and bombers. by the new york
11:32 am
times. today, labor day. former president obama except the annual jfk profile in courage award. jonah goldberg. >> you should not play all of your hopes in any politician. read the founders and the federalist, they say this over and over and over again. you should have a healthy distrust of any ticker leader. particularly the ones that claim to be speaking for you. at 9:00 p.m., amber professor. six corporations own much of the american news media. revolution has transformed the economy. daily newspapers no longer set our national agenda
11:33 am
growing polarization seems to split us into two nations. >> watch today on c-span and and listen on the app.c-span radio now. chatter]


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on