tv U.S. Conference of Mayors - Mayor of Bristol England on Immigration CSPAN August 10, 2018 9:38pm-10:00pm EDT
adults who serve their community? announcer: watch sunday night at 9:00 p.m. eastern on tv. -- on book tv. >> next, the mayor of bristol, england, talks about global migration challenges and how city leaders from around the world can add their voice to the international debate. an annualrt of conference and is just under 20 minutes. >> marin rees became mayor of bristol and 2016. he said he became europe's first
directly led mayor of african caribbean dissent. he studied in the u k and united states and earned his bachelors degree in economic history and a masters degree in political theory and government. he has a yield university world fell up and has worked for the bbc as a presenter and journalist. his life long commitment started early on working in international development at the u.k. national health service. his mixedpeaks of heritage. his father arrived when he was a 12-year-old. , androther-in-law is swiss most of his jamaican family live in atlanta, los angeles, and maryland. currently leads the global parliament of mayors. please join me in welcoming mayor marin rees. [applause] thank you very much for your
kind welcome. thanks for your welcome to the united states. i am here most summers anyway. my mother is in the crowd somewhere. do you want to wave? my sister and law as well. the sting wish guests -- distinguished guests, it was the 19th preacher who said if you going to speak more than 10 minutes, you either need to be an angel or speaking to angels. this is the last slot. i have been asked to do 20 minutes, and i am not an age-old -- angel. and human civilization, the challenges and opportunities we place today -- face today are more complex and dynamic than they have been before.
receiveember states $1.2 million for first -- 1.2 million first time asylum applications, sparking a crisis, the ramifications of which are still unfolding today. to the decision to leave the eu. as many as 200 million people could be climate change refugees by the middle of the century. if the eu struggles to control its borders when 1.2 million people have to move, what will happen if 200 million do? the current configuration of nationstate politics is directly and indirectly compounding , climate, inequality change and political insecurity, and is failing to do with the consequences in a way that recognizes the equal work of migrants or provides social stability. course, individual
actors and parties play a role in this. policy does matter. there is a deeper problem at work here in the inability of the nationstate with its historic commitment to hard boundaries, control, defined identities, and dare i say , tote rather than delivery support the political leadership capable of meeting migration challenge in front of us. nationstates may simply lack the tools needed to meet the challenges of migration, and many other challenges, today. in the 19th and 20th centuries, both our countries have powerful stories about who we were and what we were. that generated an extraordinary collective energy, but in the last few decades, we have seen those simple narratives become brittle and fractured. despite having british blood, as
you have heard, that goes back centuries, there are no national conversations in my country about identity and belonging that failed to leave me feeling a little cold. it seems increasingly clear that the national level of politics alone is incapable of renewing a compelling vision of shared identity that is fit for purpose in the 21st century. world needsendent leaders with emotional intelligence, mutual understanding, multidimensional worldviews, and empathy. instead come at we get crassness and instruction is in him a better suited to the binary world where the interests of discrete nationstates could be pursued irrespective of the interests of others. people have always moved around and come to gather, forming and growing cities for education, culture, employment, growing
national economies. cities are growing at rapid rates again come and people are looking for city leaders like us in a new way. there is a growing belief that cities are best placed to bring differences together for the common good. i am a product of migration. as a mixed race man of african, caribbean, english, welsh, and irish heritage with an american wife and swiss brother-in-law, migration is not an abstract issue for me. it is my family, who i am. i am a product of my city. in bristol, my colleague is a former somali refugee and was elected alongside me as a city leader. my deputy mayor is, i am told, europe's first roster deputy mayor. my other deputy mayor comes from a white, working-class background, one of 13 children.
he experienced extreme poverty and on occasion eating his food bin as a child. that is a trashcan. today, greg sits as my head of finance, overseeing a one billion pound budget. my chief grew up in one of the poorest estates in bristol. his family, white working-class, still lives there. together, we lead in the city's interest, refugees, migrants, child of migrants, members of the indigenous population. weies are the places where come together and must get things done. immediateth the benefits and costs of success and failure. i say we should bring our strengths together and optimism to bear on the way politics works at the national
and international level. .e need global governance that means the representatives of international networks and cities sitting alongside shaping the national and international context in which we must live. , we findoment ourselves trying to lead a 21st-century world with 20th-century political structures. people have no nations working alone were not enough. that is why nations banded together. whereas before they looked across the collaborators, i suggest a need to look inward and across city to city. integration and migration needs will come from international collections of cities. we are known for creating and sharing best practices. we need the space to create a new international politics. , i was invited
to speak at the negotiations on the global migration at the united nations. surprisingly or not surprisingly, there had been no formal city input in those negotiations. despite naming a host of political actors come nowhere did the compact mentioned city government. this is an important process politically, as it is the first time countries have come together to regulate immigration. when president trump with a true from the negotiations last december, u.s. cities and many here today passed a similar message on as you did around climate change, that you were still at the table to figure out today's biggest problems together. as i pointed out in my speech at the united nations, most migrants leave cities come ago two cities, and returned to cities. 20% of migrants worldwide live in just 20 cities.
the compacts objectives can be relies with the active participation of city authorities. i might add that cities can lead where it national governments are failing to deliver or even opposing the compact. they know they need to make it real and that cities are critical to that. the challenge they face is how to harness the collective and legitimate voice of cities in support of the compacts aims. that is why they are so keen to come to the global parliament of mayors summit in bristol this october, where we will continue this dialogue together. i will be hosting the global parliament of mayors in bristol in october. our aim is to bring together mayors and leaders of the various city networks or three days of hard work, where we commit to getting ourselves and
an international network of cities and city networks better organized. at the moment, there are over 200 city networks in the world. in fairies estates of noncooperation and sometimes even cooperation. are not trying to create another network to add to the complexity of existing city networks. we are putting out an appeal. what we want to do is establish the space where at least once a leaders of and the the various city networks can come together to focus and coordinate. my request is that as a global network of cities, we can come together and refocus on a small number of critical areas in which we want to make progress, migration this one. -- is one. my other appeal is we formalize the way our networks work with
each other. just think of the additional power available through a formal working alliance between the u.s. conference of mayors and the network of european cities. the price of better organization is greater influence, but i fear the price of not getting ourselves organized will be diminishing returns from the many city meetings, city leaders like myself and many of you in the room, are asked to attend on a weekly basis. if we don't get our networks organized, we will be charged with having a confused voice on the issues that matter, and i fear that after some frustration, the world's key decision-makers will move on without us. so we need to begin working with our interdependencies, city networks such as metropolis, resilient cities, c-40 come use eog, to work with us on this.
at the very least, we need to get them to coordinate their diaries, a simple but complex task, to ensure that we are not pulled in 15 different directions at the same time and our impact diluted. i believe the global compact for migration is an exciting opportunity for cities to test the full potential of our influence. we can ensure that from this point on the city's voice is included at every stage of these negotiations. this will be before us at the global parliament of mayors summit in october, and there are other topics such as population health, resilience, and security that we will try to be getting cities to focus on. if i were to develop an approach ,e call big offer and big ask so i say to the many people who want to lobby me, rather than asking me for things or even demand things of me, i challenge
people to make me an offer. , tellto people in my city me what big thing you want to get done for the city. tell me what you need from me and the city to enable you to do it. i think it is aim much more proactive and empowering approach. that is the spirit in which i come to you today, and so i would like to make you as the u.s. conference of mayors and offer. it is this. i had it on good authority that bristol and many cities around the world will back you as american mayors if you take a stand on the issues that matter for migration to climate change. we recognize your leadership in these areas and thank you for it. our ask is that you do actually do that, that you do lead. our ask is that you recognize u.s. cities as the source of global political hope that you
are at this time, that you recognize that u.s. cities are not only national leaders come but by the very virtue of the nation of which you are part, you are international leaders and you set an international standard, whether you know it or not. the whole world is watching what you do. we recognize that you are not just nation shapers. you are global shapers. [applause] >> in these challenges of organizing the world cities, i ask you to take a lead in that, in challenging the existing networks to get better organized and to work with us on that. on that front, i would like to welcome any and all of you to bristol at this year's global parliament of mayors. let's work together to target the international bodies from whom we want to have formal city representation.
in conclusion, i would like to say that i believe this moment has found us as city leaders. ago i was elected two years , i did not come into office with an international agenda, aiming to be standing on this stage of the u.s. conference of mayors just after two years of office. it is just something that has come upon us. i think the same goes for all of us. what we found is a world in which national governments are not delivering, in which people are increasingly disillusioned with politics come aware services are failing to reach, where the global economy is failing to include people, and in people and environmental trends, they seem to be beyond our control, leaving people to be vulnerable to being seduced by some classic analysis. who aresay people potentially political charlatans offering wrong answers to the right problems.
atelieve that city leaders this time have no choice but to step into that political vacuum. we have to get organized. an observation by martin luther king i shared with a number of people in my city says that power does not come neatly parcels, it is a social force available to all of us, but it is available to those who get organized, conservative, liberal, ,republican democrat, we need to organize ourselves to exert our influence. we are independent. you fought to move from dependence to independence in your history. i am reminded of the author of seven habits of highly effective people who says his children we go from dependence to independence, but the high state, the most mature state of being, is to recognize our interdependence, so now i ask you to fight for that.
thank you very much. [applause] announcer: this weekend on book tv, author interviews from the freedom fest conference in las at 3:20tarting saturday p.m. at 6:30 p.m., rethinking america's highways, a 21st-century vision for better infrastructure. on sunday at 1:00 p.m. eastern, the book in order to live, a north korean girls journey to freedom. capitalism,, space how humans will colonize planets, moons, and asteroids. at 10:00 p.m., the book life after google, the fall of big data and the rise of the block
chain economy. book, profit motives, what drives the thing we do. announcer: saturday at 8:00 p.m. america in1968, turmoil. we look at women's rights. we will discuss women protesting the 1968 miss america pageant and how women's rights came to be part of the national conversation, transforming household and workplaces across country -- the country and society itself. 1968, saturday at 8:00 on american history tv. you can watch anytime at c-span.org on our 1968 page. sunday night on q&a.
like?t less that sound >> we are hearing the cries of children, immigrant children, who had just been separated from their parents. audio i obtained a month and a half ago or so with the help of a lawyer, a civil right's attorney on the border. she had obtained this tape and thought it was important and shared it with me and ask what i thought about it, and i told her that i thought we should try to publish it. it wasn't an easy decision for the source of that tape, who felt that the tape could put