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tv   House Speaker Paul Ryan Interview with Wis Politics President  CSPAN  September 13, 2018 1:32am-2:07am EDT

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regarding the meeting between president trump and russian president vladimir putin. evening, boris johnson speaks at the american enterprise institute. on c-span3, the house ways and means committee works on new legislation starting at 10:00 eastern. house speaker paul ryan sat down for an interview with jeff mayors. he talked about the republican agenda and trade policy. reflected on his tenure as speaker and his plans after he retires from congress in january. [applause] >> come on jeff, over here. good to see you all. i see a lot of wisconsinites
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here. this is a beautiful room. thank you for having us. >> this is the last time will -- while we will interview u.s. speaker. getting misty eyed? >> does it show? >> we only have a half hour. i'm going to jump right into it. the president signed an executive order today to have additional sanctions against those who interfere in elections. there is some bipartisan criticism of that. whether you are confident about election security in wisconsin, in
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milwaukee, are you confident it will occur? >> i have no reason to lose faith in our system. about it.d our systems is with -- in wisconsin are good. we have upgraded them since 2000. the president had the right to do it. the rent for penalties and sanctions for anyone who tries to metal. what you worry about is, where some of the criticism comes from both sides. are you federalizing too much. this is something states and localities are in charge of. we want to make sure we have technological minims. you don't want to federalize everything. that is why the administration is right to say, we are watching, we are correlating, will be penalizing if someone tries to mess with our election security. we see it coming.
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we know that there are malevolent factors out there that are trying to meddle in our elections. we saw it the last time around. lettera letter -- sent a in the last election cycle saying, beware. had two more years for our election officials to prepare for such a thing. i feel it we are better prepared. host: are you happy with how social media are trying to govern themselves in this regard? do you think they need a push? rep. ryan: i don't know the answer to that. it is too soon to say. we just started hearings about a week ago on this. congress has a lot more to learn about the subject. host: let's talk about tax reform. that may be your legacy item. these think so? rep. ryan: absolutely. it is one of the things i came here to do when i first arrived. i worked on it for 18 years in the ways and means committee. it is something i have been
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working on since before i was a member of congress. i have long believed we needed to overhaul the u.s. tax system if we are going to get faster economic growth. we did that. it is exactly what we were hoping would happen. much faster economic growth. faster wage growth. jobless rate at a 49 year low. the lowest latino unemployment rate in history. importantly, internationally, there is no reason not to be an american company anymore. we are getting a lot of repatriation of funds coming into this country and rebuilding. that is one of the reasons why manufacturing is seeing an emergent -- enormous surge in capital expenditure. i feel very good about it. it is one of the things i spent my career working on. host: you know this is coming. rep. ryan: they said, revenues are up. revenues are hitting their 50 year high.
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the problem is a predictable one. it is spending. report didn't surprise me in the least. it said that revenue is up faster because of growth. interest rates because the fed is normalizing is clearly a factor. it is what i have been saying forever and a day. entitlements. lowertionary spending is than it was in 2010. we have actually held the line on discretionary spending. it is entitlements. it is baby boomers retiring. it is health inflation. it is the entitlement programs. the house passed the biggest entitlement reform bill that congress has ever consider. that did not pass the senate. host: cbo cited defense spending as the number one driver on the cost side. rep. ryan: we are still below where we were eight years ago on defense. thatld strongly argue
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defense is the number one priority of the federal government. it is our number one responsibility. we had a serious readiness crisis. it had to be attended to. we are negotiating our second appropriations bill which will rebuild the net -- military. the issue is an entitlements. so, corporate tax receipts go down. that adds to this growing gap. you can't be happy with the trade deficit projection. host: of -- rep. ryan: of course not. what how do you justify -- we all have to pay the piper -- won't we all have to pay the paper? rep. ryan: the argument is, corporate rates are down. of course you will see in the interim a drop. will also see our u.s. corporations staying u.s. corporations. they will invest in the united states.
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we will see more jobs and productivity. that means better living standards. as a result, more people going up, morewages going taxes are coming in the door. that is why revenues are up. they may not be up among this current quarter. the economic activity that that produced, the growth that is producing, the people that are coming out of poverty -- that is really good. that is what this is producing. let's keep our eye on the ball. we need to get control of our entitlement programs. the good news in that story is, good reforms can mean that we can better fulfill the mission of these important programs, health and retirement security, without bankrupting the country.
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we failed to pass our entitlement reform bill by one vote in the senate. host: what are the prospects of raining that in? rep. ryan: i think the election will have to determine that based on what our vote count looks like. if we keep the house majority, make sure you haven't enough of a majority in the senate. people in wisconsin, is that what they want? do they really want their benefits taken away? rep. ryan: did i just say that? host: i know. rep. ryan: they want to cnn to double-digit premium increases. they want to see that we have medicare on a path to solvency. i don't think they want to see 200 million people added to medicare to accelerate its bankruptcy. that is what a lot of people are running for. if you take a look at our
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proposals, they would've lowered health care premiums. the would've preserved pre-existing conditions. would've done more to give people more choices. we are down to one or two choices in the individual market. because of our incremental progress we have made on health care, we got rid of the individual mandate, we are not forcing people to buy something they don't want. scott is getting a waiver for risk pools. ours worked really well in wisconsin. you're probably familiar with it. host: it is no longer there. rep. ryan: it works really well in wisconsin. it got people with pre-existing conditions affordable coverage. it dramatically lowered the premiums for everybody else in wisconsin. we are putting that back in place now. with federal funding. a better stabilize health insurance market in wisconsin as a result of the
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governor's new waiver to restart risk pool. that is something we wanted to get done earlier. i'm glad that the governor is getting a waiver to do that. that will help us a lot in wisconsin. host: in a way, doesn't that cement the aca has been around -- as being around? ,ep. ryan: what is happening the experience of the aca in wisconsin, so many counties down to two plans to choose from. escalating premiums. if we go back to the pre-is the situation, we had a risk pool so that people could get affordable coverage, then the rest of the individual market, more insurers will come into the marketplace. that is what we had before the aca. i think going through the waiver route, we have associated health plans coming online now because of the administration.
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help.ill by their help them health insurance in the wisconsin restaurant association. to get better coverage. good things are happening in health care because we have moved towards an incremental approach. we didn't get the big bill passed through the senate. host: these big ideas seem really difficult. if they couldn't happen in these two years, how are they going to happen? rep. ryan: we're getting things done. the risk pools are happening. the associated health plans are happening. host: the really big ideas -- rep. ryan: the senate is going to need a few more votes. just one.y, host: you think that can happen? rep. ryan: absolutely. host: before we go to the audience, i have to ask about you. rep. ryan: here it comes.
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what about me? host: what the heck are you going to do? rep. ryan: i don't know. i have to wait until i'm done. i'm still here a speaker. i need to wait until i'm finished to spend time figuring it out. i know why will hunt a lot. we are going to go to granite peak on the weekend, do i think. i will think about volleyball. i will be a volleyball coach in january. i will do those things and spend time figuring it out. have to wait until i'm done in order to look at those things. host: you have any regrets about how this has taken place? rep. ryan: i am actually really at peace with things. i wasn't looking for this job but i'm really honored to of had it. i'm honored to have been able to get our team to put together an agenda, to take it to the country, to have unified government and the opportunity
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to put this agenda in place. we have passed 853 bills. i think it is a little bit more than that. about 860 bills in the house the session. that is an incredible pace. we haven't seen that in decades. we have passed our agenda. the senate has been getting a lot done. we are getting so many things done. we got tax reform done. we got regulatory relief done. we overhauled the v.a.. we got the poverty stuff i have been working on forever, done. we are this close on opioids. we are this close on our infrastructure bills. i really feel like we have had productively legislature. it is making an enormous positive difference in people's lives. that is why we have these jobs. it is the perfect time to do what i'm doing. through allou went
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of that, i find it hard to believe that you would divorce yourself from politics and policy. rep. ryan: i want divorce myself. i'm just going to not be in congress anymore. host: you can completely divorce yourself from things. rep. ryan: i will be working on the causes i care about in some other capacity. we will figure that out year. host: what are you not going to miss? rep. ryan: press events. just messing with you. i actually like this. what am i not going to miss? the travel in the schedule. , have been in amarillo houston, dallas, chicago, and james fell this week. i will be in d.c. and south bend before i get home. i won't miss the travel. i'm gone a lot. road 12up, i'm on the
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weeks more at this job than i was as a busy congressman. host: what is your advice to the next speaker? rep. ryan: have a vision. get the team to agree to the vision. hold people accountable to it. set a timeline and execute. it worked for us. is amazing.k it there were a lot of predictions that you wouldn't survive as speaker. how did you avoid that? rep. ryan: i have been around your a while. -- here a while. what i learned from observing -- i never wanted the job. that helps me. i'm the first guy in decades to of gone from being a committee chair jumping over to this job. the electedgo leadership route. which was never something i wanted to do.
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that different perspective helped me a lot. spendg our members to 2015 to assemble an agenda that we would agree to assemble and run on and hold ourselves accountable for, that organizing theory is how we were able to make this place work really well. you have fits and starts or different factions within the gop coalition -- host: i heard about different factions. people,n: i would tell i run a coefficient government without the efficiency of parliament. it goes back to, this is not what we said we would be doing here. this is where we are going. pre-agreement from members that our vision and z, ia would be x, y, and got people to focus on that.
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it has helped quite a bit. host: a plan actually helps. let's go to the audience for questions. we will try to fit some in. tim has a question here. are you going to give him the mic? rep. ryan: what is connor doing now? >> [inaudible] rep. ryan: tell him we are praying for him. >> i appreciate that. there's a lot of work that needed to be done entree. what advice would you give to companies in what -- wisconsin as they try to figure out what this looks like? rep. ryan: they know my answer to this question. to a lot of our employers in wisconsin. i tell people to hold on, be patient, bear with the fact that there was a plan and a strategy. there is a good landing point. i'm not a fan of tariffs. everybody knows that. the reporters who watch me know that that is not what i think, i don't like tariffs.
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i think the idea to get better agreements with our allies, north america and europe, those conversations are ongoing. they have already yielded some good results. get a good agreement with our we did need new agreements for the 21st century. get those done and then rally the developed world to join us to confront china to get china to play by the rules. china steals european electrical property rights just like they steal american. do to the canadians what they do to us. the idea and strategy -- it's hardball. it's tariffs. it's tough talk. if it results in good agreements with our allies, and a unified developed world front to get china to pay -- play by the
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rules, that's a good strategy. be patient for that. host: same to farmers? be patient. sometimes it is harder for them. rep. ryan: i talked to a lot of farmers. a buddy of mine is a corn and bean farmer. me, i the one who said to am going to be patient. some elevatorto guys the other day in clinton, wisconsin, talking to guys who had a grain elevator there. they don't like the soybean back-and-forth. they like the endgame. that the the fact president is trying to get a fair deal for the country. host: raise your hands if you have another question. no press. go ahead, sir. say here you are. -- who you are. representative
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introduced a bipartisan housing and finance reform bill. i would like to get your comments on that and with you think it will make it through the house this year. not a fan of his bill on gse's. jeb got so focused in his committee on flood insurance reauthorization. and on the rewrite of god frank. the path act, they ran out of time and space. it takes a long time to get consensus. i think that a she going to carry over to next session. is going to carry over to next session. host: is this a shy group? there you go. >> i saw something the other day about making the tax cuts and reform per minute. -- permanent. rep. ryan: that is coming up the
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last week of the month. , is the markup tomorrow? i know that was any day now. we had some scheduling issues lately. , weill have it on the floor are not in the next. to make the individual provisions permanent. host: given that report, we can all afford that? rep. ryan: do you think the economy could use a big tax increase? your businesses are pass-throughs, if we were to let those occur, we would be taking the small business tax rate up to 40 46 while corporations are at 21. that would be devastating to this economy. we want to make is permanent. -- those permanent. host: will your colleagues agree? rep. ryan: i hope so. it is not an really a keith --
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reconciliation. host: any other questions? go ahead. >> is this a health care hospital question? >> it could be. host: go-ahead. where have you been, i haven't seen you in a while. >> i want to thank you. you have had a great run. you have been a lot of help for us. we appreciate all the stuff that you have done. we pickedur advice -- up almost 40,000 people on the federal exchange. would never done that before. what is your advice to the health industry? billryan: i wish our could've become law.
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it would've made it so much better. people could buy the health insurance of their choosing. we could've had risk pools nationwide to make sure it people with pre-existing conditions get preventative medicine and affordable coverage wherever they want. freeing up the health insurance markets to be far more competitive for everybody else so they can get lower rates. that is the goal here. i do believe that can be attained. we didn't get the big bill passed. thinkyou are wisconsin, i getting the 13-32 waiver for wisconsin, getting short duration plans, getting association health plans in place. the tavern league, the realtors, the restauranteurs. right then and there, there are so many people who are now in the individual market but work for small businesses that will have a chance at getting more comprehensive insurance because of those three reforms right there.
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we have better days ahead. it could be even better if we could get a bigger bill passed. i think we have better days coming ahead. host: we have about five minutes. foreign-policy question, perhaps. >> more of a leadership question. i can help to reflect on the death of john mccain and his comments about the decline of regular order in the senate. i can to this town in 1986. i worked for the director of the peace corps. moments,mccain's last he talked about returning to the regular order where there was open debate. tummy a little bit about your thoughts on the institutions that you are leading. rep. ryan: that's a good question. seeing that we are
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institutionalization of society and occurring -- occurring in america and the world. things decide a lot of -- this is not one person was done this. it is society, it is culture. i think the tribalism that has occurred for a handful of reasons, one of the harder aspects of this is 21st-century technology has proven that tribalism and identity politics is effective. more to the point, people make money off of it. , i believe -- john was a good friend of mine. i'm more of a reagan guy. , that isy it aspirational inclusive politics. that tries to unify.
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money has proven identity politics and tribalism works. it is morally wrong and it is politically effective. what bothers me is it being prejudiced on both sides. as conservatives, we thought this was a left-wing thing. unfortunately, it is done all over the place. i want one of the things to spend time thinking about when i'm done with this. i'm busy tried to get appropriations and health care done. i don't think about this stuff too often. i want to spend my time thinking , how do you make inclusive, aspirational, unifying politics. how you make it strategically valuable? had do you make it that this is the winning thing. this is how you should win campaigns. you have to figure out how to beat tribalism and show that it
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is the right -- it is not morally right. it is also strategically the right thing to do. we have a ways to go on that. i just did a thing, a guy who wrote a great book on this. even liberals should read it. people on the left should read this book as well. it is very telling. host: that is an can happen this year. rep. ryan: no. in the next 20 days? no. he's asking me a bigger question. host: this seems to be more negative than ever before. rep. ryan: i'm a catholic. the institutionalization of critical core institutions of civil society are rendered to rest right now. not just government. as people, we have to do more on around with our families and communities and churches and governments to build up those
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institutions. the teacher kids how important they are. as a conservative, i believe we need to do more to free up space for civil society to reassert itself in its rightful place. in that big expensive space between ourselves and our government. jame james fell, -- sville. all the groups. that is civil society. the churches. these things are shrinking. they are the institutionalizing. we need to do more to bring life back into those things. i'm nothe things -- trying to make this a left-right things. as a limited government conservative, i want to make sure that i preserve that space so the government doesn't try to encroach upon it and push it out. also, we need to stand up for the things we believe in and
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make sure that we are civil with one another as we engage in a public debate. identity politics and tribalism is an affront to that. host: that's a good place to and. -- and. end. on a lofty ideal. thank you, i'd appreciate it. -- i appreciate it. [applause]
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leading up to the 100th anniversary of the end of world war i, every weekend on american history tv, we featuring special programs about the war. 1918, the first united states army under his command. immediate steps were taken to concentrate american forces. artifact,on american we are in northeastern france. visiting villages, monuments, and the american cemetery related to the battle. >> the weather was horrible.
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it was rainy. it was chilly. the americans launched an attack heading north, in the direction of where we are standing. unbeknownst to them, the germans who had occupied this whole area, had begun a withdrawal. they were starting to move their troops. "them quick enough. by the end of the day, the americans reached the main objectives for that day and many of the objectives for the following day. by midmorning of september 13, the whole salient had been liberated. >> watch sunday at 6:00 eastern on american history tv on c-span3. reporter bob post woodward is our washington journal guest monday at 7:00 eastern, talking about his new book.
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8:00, former independent counsel ken starr joins us to discuss his book. week on c-span's washington journal. kimberly leonard joins us from the washington examiner. she is their senior health policy reporter. talking about the future of the affordable care act. ridiculously efforts by republicans on the act. what is going on? guest: they are looking at a bill that would repeal or undo certain taxes and obamacare. what would happen is aspects like the employer mandate signs would go way. -- would go away. there is a tax on tanning salons that would go away. when it comes to the overall efforts, why are republicans still making these efforts on the affordable care act? guest:


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