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tv   Washington Journal 11012018  CSPAN  November 1, 2018 6:59am-10:17am EDT

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together, instead of everybody bickering back and forth. we need to work together and put respect back into our country because i think we have lost a lot of that. i would like the democrats to be able to host the party because i am personally a democrat. to voteegistered voter for, most likely, all democrats. it hasn't been able to be that way in congress for a long time. i would like to see the democrats win and be the majority. states, partm the of c-span's 50 capitals to her. -- tour. coming up live on washington journal, your calls and comments.
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later at 9:30, washington dc mayor on nations facing -- issues facing the nation's capital. ♪ host: it is the washington journal for the first day of november. campaigns are continuing. west virginia's joe manchin will debate. you can see that live on c-span is7:00 rate president trump in missouri. you can see that on c-span two. one of the issues to emerge is the topic of trade and tariffs, particularly what those will do
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when it comes to the economy. manufacturers will look at the issue. when itto get your take comes to trade policy and tariff policy. if that impacts your vote. is the number to call for democrats, (202) , for001 four republicans ,applause] -- four independents (202) 748-8002. the financial times this morning at eight and tears issues. when asked by a television reporter on donald trump's she was supportive. but the president is doing is
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making a difference in china. because the gross domestic product is already down, she said they are starting to crumble. her remarks were at odds of the prevailing view of u.s. business groups. the u.s. chamber of commerce has been a update. that is when it comes to taking a look at that as a campaign issue. if you go to the business pages of the wall street journal this morning, general motors offering buyouts to thousands of salary workers. this is because of concerns of slowing sales and cost of doing business. one of the highlights from that story, saying the offer is one -- asy steps gm is taking it combats rising tariff related costs on steel and other
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commodities, we are doing this while the economy is strong. automaker has 50,000 salaried workers in north america. two of the topics we comes to trades and tariffs, we want to hear from you, as well. fornumbers, (202) 748-8000 democrats, (202) 748-8001 for a public and's, (202) 748-8002 four independents. the incumbent republican ted -- one ofe -- debated the stop the came up was tariffs. >> i am against terrorists. i have made the case repeatedly to president trump that in trade, we should be expanding our access to foreign markets. we should be expanding the ability of ranchers to export
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our goods and services. if we aren't reducing the ,arriers to mexico and canada we are selling more, that is a good thing. if we are erecting barriers and shutting down trade, that is a bad thing. few issues of the that we have some common ground. we have both spoken out in favor of trade. the difference is, i am able to work with president trump and make the case to president trump and we have seen the president has negotiated a new trade deal that has benefits that should benefit the state of texas. thehe tariffs that president has levied, the trade were said he is entered this country into is hurting no state more than it is hurting texas. andfarmers, our ranchers our exporters right here in san antonio at the toyota plant, where amy and i bought airtime drug. yes, we have problems with other
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countries, china dumping aluminum and steel, i want to make sure we stand up to china. but whenever we have gone to war , including a trade work without any allies, and that is exactly what senator cruz with the president's help have us do. we have alienated canada and mexico. we have alienated all other potential partners and we are going it alone against china and is not working. listen to the farmers. i have listened to them and they are hurting. the anxiety and the uncertainty of not knowing with these trade wars will and or the uncertainty -- the certainty of knowing windows trade wars do and those countries will find other people to buy from. host: one of the debates that you can watch at c-span.org. want to see it that is a campaign issue for you, as well. for for democrats
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, (202) 748-8001 for republicans, (202) 748-8002 for independents. like everyone to he is out for with chuckpolicies schumer and his crowd. let me tell you a story about west virginia. you are talking about tariffs and traits. west virginia grows apples. west virginia had a contract for apples that came up. to sellract was going apples at two cents a piece. here comes the chinese. the chinese say we will sell you an app for a penny and a half at these. the west virginia farmers
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couldn't afford to sell it for a piece -- a penny and a half of these. subsidy,ither do a which is going to pull more money out of the general fund to get to the farmers to pay to be competitive, or you can put a tariff on the incoming apples that are coming into the united states market and bump them up a penny to two and a half. guess who comes -- who becomes competitive? the u.s. apple grower. host: where does he stand on this -- these trade and turf issues? caller: patrick morrissey, that is the thing, everybody looks at patrick morrissey's positions as attorney general that he was forced to protect citizens of west virginia.
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patrick morrissey is a true conservative free-market economic person. i have talked to him myself and he is for free trade and free balustrade that is equal. -- free balanced trade. morrissey will be debating senator joe manchin. you can see that life tonight on c-span. democrats line from texas. hi. caller: high. -- hi. i see ted cruz. when itt done anything comes to this. with trade and everything else, i have family from tennessee. cotton, they took out everything there. his tradeing about
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and everything with everybody there. texas, ted cruz listen to the president. the ones that is making our country really bad. and tariffsade issue, is that an issue for you when you vote? you said ted cruz does nothing on this issue. what you mean by that? caller: ted cruz is talking about one thing, whatever the president says. the president is taking things helping theand not united states, the poor people .ere in texas he is talking about oil. host: when it comes to trades and terrorists, what has ted
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cruz done that you disagree with? caller: what i disagree with him about is he talks out of his mouth. he says one thing and then when they get into office, they don't do what they say they're going to do. host: let's go to market pennsylvania. democrats line. games: china is playing for decades. they screw area economy. when he time to confront them? now or never? from hawaii. caller: i would like to comment on the tariffs issue. i live in hawaii and we are in the middle of the pacific and we are subject to any fluctuation anywhere. anything we have in this state comes from outside of the state, either from the u.s. or asia. rely on beinglly
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able to have things get to us from all over the place. without it, we won't survive. -- it is a tariffs very, very bad thing. it hurts our relationships with other countries. area, and my geographical we rely on those good relationships. we rely on goods and services that we need. i think it is extremely important that the united states be a part of the world and trade with the world. that is what a civilized place does. we don't close up our walls. we don't close ourselves off from other people. then we internalize everything and we become north korea or we become is non-significant country.
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it hurts us here in hawaii. we will suffer. facebook says getting a better landscape for the united states and a better playing field is very important and a worthy pursuit. tom says when it comes to it being an issue he says no, but the recession is. virginia from pennsylvania, republican line. caller: hello. what i want to say is the united states of america did great before we get the free trade. i think we could be self-sustaining no matter what. if we get fair trade, that is
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fine. ishink donald trump unstoppable. he knows what he wants and he goes after it. host: when it comes to trade and terrorists, is this something you vote on or part of a larger concern for the economy. caller: i vote on it. i think he knows exactly what he is doing and i know we are a big country and we are very independent. we can survive no matter what. ,ost: your local legislators particularly those who serve in the house and their senators, what is their position on trade? i am not really happy with how they feel about trade. i think they will come around. host: that is virginia and pennsylvania. gabriel in north carolina, independent line. caller: good morning.
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call in when there is a guest. i will give a statement, which i don't like to do. in terms of the tariffs and what donald trump has done with that, i am an independent, but i think some of those things have been very good because we needed to shake up the loss that are the world trade organization, how they are influencing the docket between our country and china, and also the europeans. done what donald trump has is good from that standpoint. here, thismpacting is typical of what ends up happening. republicans will burn every port savingship in hopes of our economy. they will say we are picking up
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,team and we are going faster but you are burning every port on the ship and eventually to a run out of boards. then they take the economy and turn it into something like we had in 2008 with george w. bush. surplus that same was given to them from democratic ideas and then they throw it away. i would say he has a good outlook because he is a smart individual. i think he is very fair about it. host: how would you summarize his positioning? caller: i would say he is definitely against what is going tradeause he understands at a very important level, which is the things people need to recognize. our country builds the manufacturing parts that they use in their factory.
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they manufacturer common goods in mexico and china, but we actually produce the parts for those manufacturers. we have a much more detailed infrastructure of our machinery that is manufactured here that people don't see. the blue colors need help. host: that is gabriel in north carolina. one of several that have talked about the issue of trade and terrorists, particularly in this election cycle. whycan call and let us know , also on twitter and facebook. one of those debates we took in recently. one of those topics, trade and affectsts, how they those in missouri. here is some of that exchange. dependentnomy is so on the exporting of agricultural
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goods. these terrorists have killed commodity prices. there is not a bean farmer in missouri that is going to come out even this year. the help they are being given in some instances is insulting. corn, a penny a bushel. it is almost not worth the effort. $1.60.id they announced it will only be $.80. they can't promise they will get the rest of the $.80. the market in china is being destroyed. we have worked years to establish a market for beans in china. it took a lot of money. the farmers of the state -- one out of every three or four rosa beans goes to china. ,hat market will not come back even if the tariffs go away because they are feeling that hole with imports from other states and paying their farmers to grow more beans. it is really a problem here. this is a good example. he has said, i disagree with
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nothing the president has done. i don't know anybody i haven't disagreed with on something. this is where a senator from missouri has to stand tall for agriculture. >> i agree with senator mccaskill, we do need a senator who will stand tall for agriculture. i wish it had been her, but it hasn't been. themon't even meet with when they come to washington dc. she won't take his phone calls. i don't know what that is about. agriculture is our number one industry in the state. i don't know what that is about. maybe she can tell us. the truth is, we need somebody who will stand up for farmers, and that is exactly what i would do. as for the tariffs, we are in a trade war. it is a war we didn't start. china started it many years ago. if we are going to be in the war, i am for winning it. we need to stand up and look to win it. this president has had is a
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success that is tremendous in canada and mexico. about 75% of our agricultural exports go there. that is a great victory. how should senator mccaskill had been willing to stand up earlier to the people ripping off our farmers. host: more of those debates and the topics that come up with them if you go to our website at c-span.org. all of the debates we have taken in over the months leading up to election day of available to you to watch. also if you want to look at specific issues, you can type that into our box on the website. dwayne in michigan, democrat line. caller: hello, good morning. war.is a trade this trump really think china will ever give it to him? really? he knows nothing about the culture of the asian people. they don't give in. they never will.
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michigan, d.c. that playing out the auto industry? caller: absolutely. very costly here. big mistake. gmt: what you think about offering the buyout? caller: i am not sure that is really true. fat ated to cut their the top like most big corporations do. host: this is frank. caller: yes. that trades and tariffs are important issues. it is a political and economic climate that is in this country and other countries to determine that. especially the political climate in other countries. economic system in this
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country, i would probably see it needs improvement -- probably say it needs improvement. programs forial poor people. that is my take on it. if i was rich, i might have a different take. host: what should be the approach? i would probably vote democratic. i am a moderate democrat. i am from florida. what is it about the democratic position on trade and tariffs that you like? caller: fair trade is what i like. other countries are much more important to gaining stability. china gives stability to many countries. latino, africa, many countries.
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so does japan. if you are rich, you get stability and prosperity. int: let's hear from helen fullerton, california, republican line. caller: i live right across the street from the largest port in north and south america. his support of los angeles, long beach. five tanker see ships come in and take oil from the united states, from california, and simultaneously five cargo ships coming in from china with manufactured goods. it didn't used to be like that. angeles, it in los was a major producer of airplanes, cars, textiles, furniture. we had the biggest booming industry. i don't think it is a coincidence that in the 1960's
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during the nixon administration, he created cabinet level epa. shortly after that, congress passed the epa -- they had all these regulations. there was abuse of it. is, it drove our industry overseas. this also happened during nixon's visit to china, with his final soviet split. he was trying to split the alliance between communist russia and communist china. haveually, over time, we become part of the pacific rim. we have so much industry isended on asian trade, that -- here we go again with the
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tariffs. it would ruin a lot of our economy is this port brings in so much money to los angeles county. vote, with the way you think about it, how does that affect who you vote for? caller: it is a dilemma. i want to restore industry to california, to the united states. i want to restoremy family has e steel industry for decades and then it's dried up in the 1970's and 1980's. it went overseas to china and korea. it is a real paradox. if tariffsll suffer go to hide. high.l, -- too china doesn't play fair. it lowers its currency to unfairly compete with other countries. it is very difficult. host: thank you for the call.
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this is the financial post, the canadian newspaper with a story based out of cleveland. as the president resumes the role of part stoermer and chief before the midterm elections, america's ongoing trading feud seems all but forgotten. hoping to glimpse a foreign despite thester -- new agreement, the u.s. presidents put tears on steel and aluminum. neither has captured the attention of voters. as much as i thought this was extremely important to everyone else, not everyone is aware of
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the trade issues. president of the northeast ohio trade and economic consortium. for democrats, (202) 748-8001for republicans, .202) 748-8002 for independents host: in new york, we go to rob. caller: all this president knows is how to give these cheesy campaign performances. he has no real knowledge and he only knows headlines. i am a big ross perot supporter back in the day. trump is imitating him. only with headlines. back in the day, it was about getting manufacturing jobs back in the 1990's.
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that ship has sailed. those days are gone. as manufacturing jobs are not coming back united states. what do we have to from a trade war? not manufacturing jobs. with this president doesn't understand is about opening up chinese financial markets that the chinese stock market is closed. the best experts in china and united states don't want anything to do with trump. i don't know if anyone has noticed, but trump has become boring when he goes on these campaign trips. he knows he is boring. he is like a broken record. it will be exciting and politics at the democrats take over the house. host: that is rob in new york. this is usa today from earlier this month, looking at the manufacturing hubs, particularly where it stands as an election issue. where those hubs, where
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americans are feeling the falls from the president duties, tariffs and traits have emerged as pivotal issues in the midterm elections. register.es barely the story goes on to say that trade warsrs listed and 17% cited tariffs among issues that connect them. in iowa, tariffs and traits are not the dominant issues in voter mines. republican line in florida. caller: good morning. we are talking about the trade done iswhat this has adding possibly 3% to the cost of anything. it is aluminum or steel. there hasn't been a big fall as far as the consumer as you are
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showing on that last column. it. are isolated from butfarm belt is feeling it, most of them are being subsidized, anyway. there is not much of an effect on any of these tariffs that anybody can point to. win the house,s and if they did take the senate, you will pay about 20% more on anything else, so i don't know what everyone else is looking at. you can vote to keep the tariffs going and hope we come up with a better deal, especially out of or we can go with the democrats and start paying 25% more for anything, anyway. alexander off of facebook says after all is said and done with this trait and tariff
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issue, many people in trump america will lose out. the fact neither party will it knowledge. the tax cuts for great. tariffs and trade worsening gate positive benefits because increases are the functional equivalent of a tax increase. is the biggestcy policy blunder. that is how it plays out on facebook. maybe it is a top issue for this campaign season. let us know on either social media sites. the president's council director larry kudlow appeared on cnbc yesterday. he was asked about the possibility of new tariffs on china, depending on what happens at the upcoming g20 summit for the president and the president of china are expected to talk about these issues. [video] >> one thing i learned in this
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game, don't get ahead of your skiis. we may have a good meeting in argentina with president xi. these things are very hard to predict. i would say nothing is set in stone right now. by the way, the president on one of the cable shows did say that if some kind of amicable deal with china were to happen, and a lot of tariffs might be pulled back. he was not promising or forecasting. he was just giving an important hypothetical. >> what is that deal? what ultimately will the president except on the chinese? >> i don't know. i don't want to put words in his mouth. i don't to get ahead of that story. the chinese understand we need remediation on intellectual property theft, forced transfer
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of technology, ownership. host: from lakewood, washington, democrats line. laurel? caller: hello. they are really hurting my state because we export a lot of our fruit. and fish and shellfish to china. china has gone around and make deals with south america now, totally bypassing our state. we have got crops and crops that are just rotting because we can't sell them. that has made it impossible for the rest of us in the state to afford even by fresh produce anymore. -- buy fresh produce anymore. we used to import a lot of wood to canada and the cut cut down, too.
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these so-called funds going to agriculture, it is very small and a little too late. they are sending out maybe $5,000 per farm. that is not hardly feed of livestock or anything. host: let's hear from marty in wisconsin, republican line. caller: good morning and thank you for taking my call. i find it interesting when we listen about the tariffs, this is a relatively new bargaining tool, negotiating. it is only a few months old. how can people say it's having a dramatic effect within a couple of months? i love it when the democrats called and it's all that they are reading, the statements, as opposed to expressing their own views. the last point is when you looking for editorial content, look to the american thinker website.
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it's a great website. it would complement all the new york times and washington post. host: a couple of questions for you. where do you stand as far as this being an election issue? caller: the tariffs? 10, had a list my top probably about seven or eight. host: why so low? caller: there are much more things that are more important, like creating jobs, not mobs. how about the immigration thing with the caravan coming up? the birthing in america. those are much more important. the tariff thing is a negotiating tool. let's wait to see how it turns out. larry kudlow and donald trump are sharp businessman which gives them credit. host: do the tariffs relate to the jobs issue? caller: actually i don't believe so.
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we will have to wait how it plays out because it is a brand-new thing. where we talking about tariffs six months ago? no. it's a negotiation tool. host: he said he did not believe so. tell me why. caller: why i don't believe it's an important thing right now? host: as it relates to jobs, which is an important issue to you. caller: we're in the middle of a negotiation cycle. two months ago we were there with mexico and canada. now we have there or close to it. let's give it time to work out. he could become a great tool for creating more manufacturing jobs in this country. why are you fighting against this? what is it you don't understand? host: i'm not fighting you. i'm just trying to get you to clarify your position. randy and iowa, democrats line -- in iowa, democrats line. caller: i could not disagree with that last color more. it was a republican -- president
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trump blew up free trade with this tariff thing. i am, as a democrat, sympathetic to the jobs lost over the last of jobs to exporting in manufacturing overseas. i am union. is you have to look at the history of corporate legislation and corporate money in government and go clear back to the eisenhower administration . toy used the public works borrow money to put people to work to build the interstate system. so that free trade could survive. have all these trucks and all these cars going up and down the interstate. when you start choking off goods from china -- i missed the point. forgo clear back to when the government was financed by tariffs.
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it was when free trade and republican platform and corporate sympathy, corporate welfare that did this to this country. said the previous caller the trade was a relatively new technique for tool and it should play out more before we make a judgment on it when it comes to the overall impact. caller: i disagree. it did not have to be a big issue. and saidld have said having a big optics deal about trump is the big boy and he's got the big stick, all he had to a was say we are going to use value added tax and put such a small and commit across the board on stuff. we could have seen how it went. all of this -- that is how i would go. no drama. you don't blow up anything.
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don't make a big deal out of it. just go in there and precisely incrementally, a little bit at a time see how it works. host: thank you very much. another economic-based story. this one deals with paychecks. the wall street journal saying there is a rise as far as rates are concerned in wages and salaries paid to private u.s. workers rose 3.1% from a year earlier in the third order. that was the strongest year-over-year gain since the second quarter of 2008. economists surveyed expect friday's job report to show a more closely watched gauge of hourly earnings rose better than 3% from a year earlier in october. they'll be the first time that measure top 3% since 2009. trade and tariffs as a campaign issue. you have heard a lot of opinions leading up in the first 40
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minutes. we have shown you debates on this topic. the iowa governors debate was an issue -- was where the issue came up. here is some of that exchange. [video] war.body wins in a trade true is that china has been sticking it to us for years. we cannot continue to have the best intellectual property and technology transfer be a cost of doing business in china. as i talked to the farmers, the understand that. they don't maybe some short-term pain for long-term gain. they are willing to put up with that but they need to see progress in the meantime. they needed to see some positive things happening so it would inject certainty into the market. i am proud we have a nafta trade deal negotiated, that we have e-15 year round, that we are in negotiations with japan.
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if we have a bilateral with them, we will have a bilateral with every country in the tpp. trade negotiations to him our partners, we can focus on china. we cannot continue to let them steal our technology. >> mr. hubbell? what do you say to farmers on the question you, what are we going to do with our crops? >> the governor needs to stand not a government depended on her party and whoever is in d.c. i don't care who is in d.c., you are elected to stand up for islands -- iowans. we could have gone to war with china with a lot of different partners. instead the president, supported by our governor, took on europe, mexico, an canada, long-term partners. there were other ways rather than fight this war on the back of iowa farmers.
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we need someone who will stand up for rural iowa, stand up for farmers. host: john, go ahead. caller: these tariffs are not a very good thing. say to kimd hubbell reynolds, he is exactly right. it is all being done on the back of farmers and it is hurting. i will take you back to the mid-1990's. bill clinton. i made more money under democrats and i ever did under republicans. beans i was selling $15 and eight dollar corns, and i did it twice in his terms. the republicans come in and they have us down on our knees. we are not making a thing right now. we are under the board and i can't understand why any farmer out here would back a republican right now. host: beans and corn, is that what you sell primarily? >> that is what i raise.
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soybeans and corn. host: teddy seen any impact over the last week since the tariff topics have come up? caller: sure. i was looking through my records. last year, on average might beans were sold off the farm for $10.41. right now, i don't think i can $7.98 at the local elevator. i was selling corn from anywhere ism $3.90 to $4.03, now it $2.98. i don't see why people can see this. the intellectuals, the intelligence stolen by china, it is corporate or whoever, they are trying to make their living or get even off our backs in the can't take this very long.
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yearthey start in next they will find out it will be pretty tough. host: one more quick question. i must you have to sell a bushel for to make a profit? caller: this year it would probably take on the corn -- i $3.90 to $4.15y is breaking even for me. everybody is different. everybody out here has a different situation, but you need to be in the four dollar to $4.25 range. on the soybeans right now we $9.25 toeast be seeing $9.75. it would be christmas. it is tough out here right now. host: that is john and illinois, a farmer giving us his perspective on the topic of trade and tariffs.
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georgia, harry is next on the democrats line. caller: i tried to get in on the independent line but i am more aligned with democrats anyway. i want to say this. a gentleman called who said tariffs have only just started. they are only a few months old. they have not had time to take effective. listen. take immediate effects with american manufacturers and farmers. any productive product oriented production is brought to its knees by these tariffs. it is smoot-hawley all over again. problem is the federal reserve has been creating these serial bubbles because they are held captive and they are so
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afraid of letting the stock market come down and they keep flooding and causing all this debt. wall street, the big wall street banks produce nothing but lots of money for the very few at the top. host: that is harry in georgia. a couple of stories related to election day. early voting. amy gardner in the washington post about the numbers of early voting say with less than a week remaining until election day, voters in 17 states surpassed overall and absentee voting numbers of 2014. according to michael mcdonald at the university of florida, in some cases early and absentee totals are on track to double since four years ago. the numbers are so high in some states early voting may ask the total vote counts, including election day tallies from four
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years ago. the participation reflects a surge of interest among democrats who stayed home in large numbers in 2014 when republicans took control of the senate. that is from the washington post. there is a story in the new york times at a look at a potential agenda if they stay in power after the november election. they would use the first month in the house majority to advance sweeping changes in future campaign and ethics laws, require disclosure of shadowy political donors, outlaw gerrymandering, and forcing the voters rights acts. if they win, they would then turned infrastructure investment , the climbing cost of prescription drugs, and challenging president trump's willingness -- unwillingness to work with the party he believed vilified.
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--wing that they are the this will be a bitter pill for them to swallow when they see election results if they turn out as we expect. from kansas, jan is next. hello. go ahead. caller: yeah, yeah. i am a republican and we will see what happens on the election. i am not going to vote for no democrat. host: howdy trade and tariffs fit in as far as issues are concerned about when it comes to voting? keeping this country going is the main thing. listened to donald trump quite a bit. i think he has the right
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attitude to keep the thing going. i know he has a lot of money behind him and everything. we needhe is a man right now. some people really disagree with that. host: ok. sylvia in denison, texas. democrats line. caller: yes, am i on? what i was calling about is tariffs i don't think these are a good night -- i don't think these tariffs are a good idea at all. you and of having trade wars. when they negotiated with mexico on the new trade thing, i noticed they said automobile workers in mexico who assemble a lot of our cars and trucks, they would have been be paid a minimum of $16 an hour. my first thought was that that
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worker --e the auto the auto plants dissent more stuff to mexico were $16 an hour is still considerably less than american workers make. you can already see new automakers who are moving in here from germany or japan, they are not sitting up plants in michigan and minnesota. they are setting them up in the south which has always been nonunion and have lower wages. i know there are bubbles in the south like atlanta and dallas and houston that are pretty good moneymakers, but when you get into the hinterlands of rural south, there are more poor people in my county, grayson county, in the last year. our party level would up 14% from what it had been -- our poverty level has gone up 14% from where it had been. people are working for less money.
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fullerton, who calls about the industry there, i lived in that area. i can remember walking to school and having my chest burned in a from sucking in the smog. i'm 76ers old. -- i am 76 years old. host: when it comes to election issues, how do you vote depending on that? caller: this is an election issue for me. what i see is constant turmoil and chaos and argument. i don't like the idea of fighting with our trade partners and trying to get the upper hand. it should be fair. it should be level but it is the same thing when you listen to trump fighting over -- he always denigrates people and denigrates countries in order to bully his way to what he wants. -- toonally think
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negotiate needs to compromise. it does not mean to put down the other person. it needs to try to get the best deal for each party. host: sylvia in texas, thanks for your call. when it comes to republicans and the leadership and how they are planning for after the elections, political reporting that they have scheduled leadership elections for the week after the midterm. that favors the current leadership structure. house republicans are eyeing november 14 for the election. know whokers don't yet will be in the majority, of the later seems likely. kevin mccarthy has been laying the groundwork for succeeding retiring representative paul ryan. either scenario, his path to speaker is difficult give republicans will have a smaller, more conservative conference next year.
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richard from massachusetts, republican line. caller: good morning. referring back to some other thatrs, it seems to me yes, this is an important issue. it's been an important issue through my lifetime. we have seen the loss of manufacturing jobs. we're seeing some success. news,hat we hear in the you think president trump invented tariffs. it has been high tariffs and extremelyide high tariffs on dairy products. there is a lot of that. i don't think it would have been easy. some callers think we can tiptoe around the issue and our good
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friends with go along with this. i think the success -- coming to o closure and success with nafta, flowing of free trade -- he did not blow up free trade. was of nafta the way it with some improvement. i think he has done a great job. host: let's go to new york, donna, hello. on? -- am i on? good morning. let me dive off the subject matter. i'm calling about trade and tariffs. i'm an african and i have been in this country for over 10 years.
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when i go back to africa in a couple of weeks i am going to cut off trade with america and the soviet union. i will make it so african nations cut off trade with the united states and the soviet union and russia. we are going to starve the nuclear materials. without uranium you cannot make nuclear material. see theof that i will african continent cuts off that supplies the united states into russia. host: how do you plan to do that? caller: i will make african countries cut off the uranium supply to america and the soviet union. the african congress [indiscernible] the nuclear material
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and building more nuclear material. we don't need that. inh trump an office -- office, he wants nuclear material. to cutrally the africans off uranium to america. host: ralph in north carolina, democrats line. caller: good morning, pedro, and good morning america. trump, what he should have did before he went straight to the chinese, was assembled a good team to deal with china only at the beginning with these tariffs. americannderstanding, farmers have lost about $3 billion when trump went straight at the chinese like that. you had a caller earlier. what i noticed over the last 10 years that certain companies
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that produce seeds, they have fine-tuned it so good they could get more per acre, more bushels per acre. now the are getting more money per acre. this really hurt them at a bad time. to really hurt these american farmers. god knows i pray for them and their families. host: what do you far? -- farm? caller: once upon a time we farmed tobacco, corn, soybeans. host: are you a current farmer? caller: no, sir. when my dad died i got out of it. host: as far as those that you talk to north carolina if you talk about these things, have they seen the effect of trade and tariffs on what their farming? host: -- he sort of bail them out a little bit but it is still hurting them. you can tell that it hurts.
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it is slowly trickling down, the hurt is. i just pray for them. i think he should've assembled 18 before he went straight at them like that. jim on theois, republican line. go ahead. caller: good morning. me,or being a top issue for i am a proponent of free trade but i also expect the trade to be fair and it is somewhat dismaying that our country has overlooked unfair trade agreements for so long in we have been willing to suffer the economic consequences. with respect to the tariffs, i don't know that it went about in the right way, but i would remind people tariffs these are not one way --remind people that
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these tariffs are not one way. there are effects here but also affects there. when their country imposes products, us, on our the same thing is happening here that's happening there. it is just in reverse of what's going on. that seems to be completely ignored. i would be very much interested in hearing more reporting of how these trade battles with tariffs ratcheting are -- yes? host: you don't think they were done the right way. what is the right way of imposing them? caller: if we reach a trade agreement, i would expect the tariffs would be at the same level for any item being traded. one of the numbers i've heard, we send cars to europe.
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europe since cars to us. the us. cars the european tariff is higher than european cars coming here to america. that hurts the competitiveness of the american auto industry and consequently hurts the prospects for american auto workers. that?uld we be ok with host: jennifer morgan, independent line -- kenneth from oregon, and if anyone. -- independent line. caller: i saw a story on and in theast night together andot
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ven said they had overgrown their crops. they had more crops now than they did in previous years. host: ok. caller: it creates a little bit of a dilemma. out of minnesota they sent a contingent of representatives of the farmers from minnesota. there were about seven of them. they had a conversation this week with president trump. meetinge out of this saying some positive things. do somethingg to
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about -- host: that is kenneth and oregon. -- in oregon. we have been looking at battleground states, talking about specific races and about the larger issues in play. pennsylvania is the topic for today. doing us, terry madonna from franklin and marshall college. later, the c-span bus concluded its 50 capitals tour. one more stop today in washington, d.c. and speaking with mayor muriel bowser later on washington journal. ♪ >> this weekend on american history tv, saturday at 6:00 p.m. eastern on the civil war, peter carr michael talks about public reaction to photographs of the dead at the battle of antietam, and the soldiers' perspective from letters the home. >> there was a strange spell.
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he said this was a terrible confirmation these people had in death. all they didaphs, was satisfy this morbid satisfaction. >> at 8:00 p.m., arizona state university professor kyle longley on president lyndon johnson and the vietnam war in 1968. >> euros one of the most powerful presidents in american history is transformed the country giving up power to search for peace. pretty big. major step. it all relates to what? what is the issue? vietnam. >> sunday at 8:00 p.m. eastern on the presidency, ronald reagan's attorney general talked about president reagan's views on communism and his
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relationship with pope john paul ii. one ofhad both leaders, the secular world and one in the religious world with parallel interests. when those interests were obvious, as what happened in poland where they were under attack, then it was logical for ronald reagan, particularly with his ideas about defeating communism, to cooperate. >> next week and on american history tv -- weekend on american history tv, for world war i centennial. the world war i centennial. washington journal continues. this week we have been taking a look at battleground states across the u.s. as we lead up to the midterm elections. pennsylvania is the focus today. taking a look at the state at large and some of the specific races involved.
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joining us is jonathan tamari how the philadelphia inquirer. he served as the national political writer for the publication. good morning. guest: thank you for having me. host: the story yesterday, you took a look at two races in pennsylvania that could serve as harbingers for what we may see on election day. onst: the races we focused our ones that have not been on the front lines for much of the coverage but both parties are looking at as we get closer to election day. it is the pennsylvania 10th district, around harrisburg, represented by republican scott perry. and the 16th district, represented by republican mike kelly. these are districts that are pretty republican. president trump won them by nine points in the harrisburg district, more than 20 in the western pennsylvania district.
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some polling has shown a tight contest, especially outside of harrisburg. democratic national groups are starting to put money into those races. those are the kind of districts where it democrats managed to win, those can be the sign they are not just winning tossups but there might be a wave. if there is going to be a wave, that can be one of the first two places we can see it. host: if the state did well for donald trump, why is scott perry having issues he's having? guest: there are some factors. the biggest one is probably that, and a lot of people know the pennsylvania congressional map was reach ron earlier this year. all the districts have new shapes, new demographics and profiles. that district went to a significant change. the president won it under the old line. is much more moderate.
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instead of having only part of the city of harrisburg, it has the entire city now. it is much more of a moderate district for even republican voters who previously voted for charlie dent, a centrist from allentown. perry is very conservative. democrats have found a strong candidate, a pastor and veteran named george scott. if you combine those factors, and perry has never had a close race. suddenly it was like a tight one on election day. endorsedocal paper george scott. this is what they said. they endorsed scott perry in the last election cycle, urging him to become a bipartisan. now they think voters should get george got a chance to change the town. 's positions on a host of issues -- his position on a host of issues make sense.
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he is willing to reach across the aisle. can you factor that in? guest: scott perry has not. he has stuck to who he was when he was elected. through his time in office he's been very conservative. theist devoted to the conservative causes. the caucuses with the freedom caucus, the most conservative wing of the house republicans. he is unyielding and those beliefs and continued to stick to those beliefs even of his district has changed a few months ago -- even though his district changed a few month ago. that is why they think it could be a tight race. he is not as in line with his district's politics as he was before the map was we drawn. -- redrawn. host: it is described as a bareknuckle fight. with you agree with that assessment? guest: it certainly seems that way. there have been charges and
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counter charges of lying. the democratic challenger had some ads that came under some pretty sharp attacks from scrutiny from fact checkers. it's interesting because the district was very pro-trump, but it does have some democratic roots. in voted narrowly for barack obama in 2008. 10th is the one where people think there is more of a chance for an upset. that is one that has come online recently in the 16th. host: this is in the first district of pennsylvania. brian fitzpatrick versus scott wallace. guest: this is the toughest race in pennsylvania. this is a very classic swing district that has regularly flipped back and forth between the parties. wave years have seen democrats and republicans winning. has a veryatrick
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independent brand. that started with his brother, mike fitzpatrick. he is trying to build up his bipartisan credentials. he voted against the republican plan to repeal daca, but voted for -- repeal the aca, but voted for the tax bill. -- aby for left the best wealthy philanthropist has poured a lot of money into the race. is a place where in 2017 democrats cannot and won a bunch of offices in bucks county. they had not won them in decades. that was a real sign of the backlash to president trump. i don't think anybody was i concerned about the row offices. democrats just wanted to vote. is probably one of the best positioned republicans to withstand a wave. if the democrats managed to beat him, that's a sign a lot of also
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races mandrake towards the democrats. host: how much money is coming in from outside factors? particularly for support of republicans? guest: i could not put a specific number on it but it is significant. the philadelphia media market is a really expensive market to begin with. you have the fitzpatrick race over in south jersey -- you have the fitzpatrick race. there is another race in south jersey. those markets are just not as expensive and a little bit more of a reach for democrats. is a lot of national attention on the state. host: for the telltale signs for you? guest: we will look for what goes on in the first district. that will give us a sign. if brian fitzpatrick loses, that's a good sign the democrats will be able to win a majority. that is a tough race. he is a strong incumbent.
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if he loses, a lot of incumbents could be in trouble in the nationalized race. your local profile does not count as much as democrats' desire to vote against republicans and put a check on president trump. i will be watching the 10th and 16th. if they pull the upset, is not just a majority. in might really be a big wave for them. if they lose the first district, democrats can still win the house but it could be a nailbiter and we will be watching the late results coming in from across the country. host: are guesses the national political writer for the philadelphia inquirer. jonathan tamari joining us. .illy.com -- philly.com thank you for your time today. guest: i appreciate it. host: we continue our look at the top races in pennsylvania. joining us, terry madonna,
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director at the city for politics and public affairs at franklin and marshall college in pennsylvania. good morning, sir. guest: good morning. thank you for having me. host: give us your assessment of the cycle and what makes pennsylvania a battleground. guest: i think what makes the state of battleground is the fact that when the congressional map was re-drawn by the supreme itrt earlier in the year made the congressional races in the state very competitive. if you go back to the previous in each of11 map, the subsequent congressional elections that republicans won 13 of the 18 seats in pennsylvania. -- 2012, the democrats 2014, 2016. 13-5. the map put somewhere between
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three and five of the state's congressional seats in play. my sense about this from the polls that have been done in other analyses is the democrats are likely to pick up somewhere between three and five seats, which makes the state a player in the democrats effort to try to get the magic number, 23. we can talk about those if you will. , we havean pointed out a couple of congressional races that are very competitive, getting a good bit of national attention and money coming in from out of the state by national organizations and groups trying to influence the outcome. we also have a u.s. senate race going on in the state where senator casey is seeking a third term to the u.s. senate. every single independent poll, not poles connected to a party
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or candidate shows the senator with a double-digit lead. that is the same as the poll we released at franklin and marshall college just this morning which shows the senator with a 15-point lead. there has not been a lot of national attention of the u.s. senate race. much of the attention is going to the states with the democratic incumbents running in senate districts in states the president won to years ago. and a couple of states were republican incumbents are in battle this well. host: our guest joins us to talk about pennsylvania in the midterm cycle. if you want to call and ask terry madonna a question, it is (202) 748-8000. all others, (202) 748-8001. living2.8 million people
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in the state. the governor is tom wolfe. six democrats, and two vacancies. donald trump won the state over hillary clinton. when it comes to that winning of the state by donald trump, have much of that is a factor this in helping republicans? guest: donald trump is not on the ballot literally but figuratively he is. here is what is going on in pennsylvania and many other states. political historians often talk about midterm elections being essentially about the president, about his incumbency. the fact of the matter is that that is true not just a bit, but usually so this year -- but hugely so this year.
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they're going to vote this year, what's important to you? overwhelmingly democrat say they are opposed to president trump and they want their party to gain control of congress and conversely the republicans, because they support the president and because they want to see her party retain control of congress. typically it is a referendum on the president, midterm elections. this goes to a new degree when we say more. more a battle over president trump, his tenure in office, his programs, his style, personality. it is all about the president. that is the driving force. the other point i want to make about our state is we have the number of women
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running. currently pennsylvania does not have a single female in the congressional delegation. pennsylvania has never elected a woman governor or a woman u.s. senator. this year we have eight women running in the 18 congressional districts in the state. at leastd of the day, three and possibly for women womene elected -- four will be elected to the u.s. house of representatives. nationally there are 84 women and the house of representatives. almost half of the democratic nominees for congress for the house around the country are females. at the end of the day we will have more than 100 women in the house. that will be a record. or fourylvania, three will be a record for our state as well. that's another important aspect
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of this congressional election. host: when it comes to the midterm elections, what is the and is he is a was -- what is the enthusiasm level typically and this time around? guest: that's a great question. pennsylvania sort of follows the model. nationally about 40% of eligible voters on average have turned out in recent midterms. i think this year pennsylvania is poised to have one of the largest turnouts, if not the largest turnout in decades as both party's voters are showing excitement. seven in 10 of our state voters andty well match republican democrat are interested in the election. l.at is in the later pol that is up 10 points from the september poll. one of the leading reasons why the interest has gone up is the
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confirmation battle over brett kavanaugh. that has energized both democrats and republicans to about the same degree. there has been a debate about the impact of the kavanaugh confirmation. in pennsylvania both democrats and republicans are now more motivated, very interested in the outcome of the election. translation, more certain to vote because of the kavanaugh confirmation battle. host: terry madonna from franklin and marshall college joining us for this conversation. our first call comes from dennis in williamsport, pennsylvania. go-ahead. caller: thank you for taking my call. i would like to comment on the fact that every republican out there, including our local
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representative tom marino now claims -- the republicans, now claim they are for pre-existing conditions. they are trying to pull the wool over the voters eyes. at the same time they are backing, along with the trump administration, a lawsuit to do away with the exact same thing, pre-existing conditions. they are pretty ironic trying to pull the wool over the voters eyes on that issue. and also, since tom wolfe will theeelected governor, republicans will not be able to gerrymander the districts like they did in the last census. host: professor, go ahead. guest: and call it makes an important point. -- the caller makes an important point. .aliphate care has emerged
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when they democratic candidate is running against an incumbent in many districts, health care has emerged as the most significant issue. the argument democrats are making against some republicans is throughout the course of the efforts to repeal and replace the affordable care act and some other measures that did not reach the full floor of the senate and committee or did not get to the senate, the bottom line is they are accusing republicans of making it difficult for individuals to get coverage for pre-existing conditions. that has emerged in many congressional districts in pennsylvania and throughout the country as the leading issue for a number of democratic candidates, particularly when a challenging republican incumbents. the other issues seem to have gone into secondary importance. immigration is perhaps the only exception. those issues are tending to
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dominate virtually everything. host: the line for pennsylvania residents is (202) 748-8000. for all others, (202) 748-8001. florida, nathaniel. go ahead. caller: hello. good morning. i'm calling to talk about kavanaugh being elected to the supreme court. [indiscernible] understand how some of those senators and the people in this country are going to let that stand. it was a sham. host: let's go to burt in georgia. caller: good morning.
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they seem to think this is a referendum on the trump administration. i think it's a referendum on the people who tried to make it a trump deal. isyou look at the election, whether you want a more conservative government or a more liberal government. in georgia we had a microcosm of the situation. a very conservative guy running against a very conservative lady -- a very liberal lady. she is so liberal she follows the liberal coattails of hillary clinton and all the other liberal people in the democratic party. it is not really a trump deal. is a conservative against liberal deal. --hink the conservatives they've got their side.
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the liberals have got their side. it just depends what can a government you want. host: thank you. professor madonna? guest: they are not mutually exclusive. what is driving the turnout is the fact it is a referendum on trump. that does not mean voters are not turning out and interested in whether a candidate has a liberal versus conservative position in what they specifically argue about, the major issues of the day. they are not mutually exclusive. the first caller, the point vis-a-vis made -- point needs to be made that should the democrats win control of the house, the house judiciary committee will open up an investigation into capital -- into brett kavanaugh. they will go back and look at the sexual assault charges and other places.
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the confirmation may be done. kavanaugh sits on the supreme court, but that does not mean the issues in his confirmation are gone forever. host: polls suggest one thing, for at least in the 2016 election they suggested another outcome. how much faith the put in pulling this time around? -- do you put in pulling the summer of? guest: we have all gone through a period every assessment. the national polls were not that far off. the average had secretary -- secretary clinton up by four percentage points. that is the average. remember, hillary clinton won the national vote by 2.9 million votes. something like 2.2 percentage points. they were mostly within the margin of error.
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the state polls concluded to the off -- to be off. if you polled earlier in the cycle in 2016, meaning 10 days before the election, interviewing people as we were at franklin and marshall, be missed the changes that took place in the 10 days. in the exit polls that were done nationally and in pennsylvania at the center for opinion research, we did an exit poll. 15% to 20% of voters made up their mind or changed their mind within 10 days of the actual balloting. the majority of voters did that and went for trump. then we have a calming effect -- comey affect. james comey publicly said he was opening up the investigation into hillary clinton's emails.
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that had an effect on the election. lastly, and this is more anecdotal than scientific but i believe it. i think voters back in --trump voters were a little reluctant to come forward and admit they would be willing to support and vote for president trump. that could have been a reluctant answer at the polls. i do think that was a factor. now i think that is all gone. methodological problems. to reassesse going their methods and how to reach the appropriate group of voters. how to adjust those polls by something we call waiting, a statistical aspect of polls.
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it would not shock me within five or 10 years of polls are done basically online. host: lesson height, pennsylvania. joyce. caller: hello. i have alwayser voted democrat until donald trump. i am tired of sanctuary cities and taxpayers not taking care of andless citizens and vets. the democrats ignore what's going on at the southern border, the mexican border. i am college-educated. i am a suburban person. they always say how all african-americans vote democrat. i'm letting you know i'm going to stay with president donald trump. thank you. guest: i think there is some
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evidence this year that republicans are going after the minority vote, the african-american vote. one of the things we will look for on election night is the turnout. we will look at the turnout of millennials. that is another demographic group we can talk about. african-americans as well. republicans have been more outreach this year than i think i have seen before. the same with hispanics. it looks like african-american turnout will be up. millennial turnout will be up. we also have the importance of women voting and the fact more than are likely to vote democratic been in years past. we have college-educated voters, particularly college-educated female republicans. there is a host of demographics we can talk about that are likely to be very important in many of these congressional districts and u.s. senate elections.
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host: walk us through the state of the -- we have shown the congressional districts. when it comes to republican and democratic strongholds, how would you paint that within the state? guest: that's a great question. that is a great question. become thets have party of urban america. the party of the cities. in my state, that would be philadelphia and pittsburgh, the two largest municipalities. you can talk about other cities like allentown, pennsylvania. lancaster, where i live. these are smaller cities. york, allentown, i mentioned before. most of the smaller cities are heavily democratic. the rural and small-town parts of pennsylvania, those parts of my state are essentially
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republican. way, thet it this susskind on a river, i am sitting close by that river, divides pennsylvania. one third of the judge -- geography east of it. it, -- if you take the -- thed on a river allegheny county out in the southwest. hillary clinton won only two counties west of the river. you are talking about small town and rural pennsylvania. that has become a republican haven. mining and milk counties in the southwestern part of andsylvania, where steel
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other aspects of the industrial , once turned those counties into democratic strongholds. they have now been voting republican and they voted for donald trump in 2016. we have an urban division going on. has got to thed suburbs. northeastly in the and midwest. it is the suburbs that often decide how a state is going to go. republican or democratic in any election. to terryistening madonna from franklin & marshall college. jordan, go ahead. hello, how are you.
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-- hello, how are you. my thoughts and prayers are with the people in pittsburgh. i hope your family is ok. when the people in pittsburgh told president trump that he couldn't come, i want to get your thoughts on that. guest: not everybody did. i think the president has an --igation and should go ofortunately, the kind occurrences that occurred in squirrel hill at the jewish president i think the not only has a responsibility -- i understand the controversy between democrats and republicans over the language
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that gets employed and whether or not that incited violence. that is something we can have a conversation about. judgment, the president has used some strong language, but so have democratic leaders, as well. comeems to me the time has to end that language, both by the president and democratic leaders, and to get together to bring about some healing. that doesn't mean they have to disagree on issues and policies, we expect that. but the language that gets employed could be called down a good bit. they could be united in condemning acts by folks -- i won't mention his name that shot and killed the 11 people in the synagogue. that we have the pipe bomber the week before. the fact of the matter is we all
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the to be united and to stand firmly against -- both parties need to speak out against that though activity, even these people are obviously deranged and hopefully will get prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law. host: as far as economic issues are concerned, what are the economic makeups of the state? what is the economy like and how does that factor into voting? guest: that is a great question. the economy in the state has obviously improved since the great recession and it has improved during the trump years, there is no doubt about it. our economic improvement with things like unemployment and the gross domestic product in the state are not doing quite as well as the national government, but we are doing better. the fact of the matter is we do have parts of the state where whenaren't as plentiful
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the kids graduate high school, if they go to college, they won't come back to their hometown. they will go to other places for employment. i am talking more about some of the rural and small towns of our state, where income growth and economic growth in general has remained more static. a number of the cities are doing well. a number of the suburbs outside of philadelphia and some of the other smaller cities are doing well. overall, the economy is doing better. interesting,is while president trump and the controversial nature of his style and his personality -- i am saying that that as a supporter or an opponent, just not beenerver, he has able to take its vintage of the economic growth during his tenure, though his job performance is up, the politics
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average slightly above 44%, that is pretty high for the trump presidency. in many states, including pennsylvania, the economic growth has actually benefited incumbents. benefitings, it is the democratic governor, tom wolfe, and his reelection bid. not all, but some other incumbents that are in a position to take it vantage of , while ithe economy is an important issue, has shrunk in terms of the significance in the voting that will plague -- take place on tuesday. host: philadelphia, that is where john is. caller: good morning. building trades member. membership, of our well mostly all democrats, voted for donald trump.
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i am since then a trump republican and i back in 100%, especially after i watched what happened with the capital hearings. host: professor madonna. guest: what is fascinating is donald trump won the state of pennsylvania, and to some extent ohio, michigan and wisconsin, because his campaign developed the rust belt strategy. candidate trump articulated ,oncerns about nafta trans-pacific partnership he did away with. he renegotiated nafta. he talked about unfair trade deals. he focused on those in the four battleground states. that is -- he talked about tariffs.
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that is one of the fundamental reasons donald trump one the four rust belt states, and why in my state he was able to win by 44,000 votes. he won the votes of folks in union households, working men and women in many parts of the state, but particularly in the southwestern part of my state and up in the northeastern part of pennsylvania, as well. to aboutcaller pointed folks who work in industry that are connected to trade, connected particularly to the building industry and others, why many of those voters turned out to vote for then candidate trump. senator clinton paid virtually no attention at all to that demographic group, and that was a significant element to white president trump on the presidency. host: franklin & marshall college is where our guest
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teaches and works at. he is terry madonna, who has thisjoining us for segment, taking a look at pennsylvania. describe the work you do at the college. guest: thank you. not in the classroom, i have a lot of interns. i deal with a lot of students. the center for politics and public affairs basically promotes discourse, study, research into many aspects of american politics and american government. we host programs, we bring speakers onto campus to meet with the students and discuss a whole variety of issues. write a biweekly column called politically uncorrected. i participate in a lot of seminars and programs discussing american and pennsylvania
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politics. i am a political historian by training with a phd from the university of delaware and political history. i also direct the franklin & marshall college poll. that paul has been operable for 27 years. it is conducted by a companion center, the center for opinion research, which does a variety of surveys and research for nonprofits for area governments. they do that pull for my center and i produce it and write a good deal about polling. host: this is from mansfield, pennsylvania. good morning. caller: good morning. i am a dairy farmer, but i would like to speak to the issue of agriculture. rural pennsylvania is dying if we do not get some of these situations straightened out as as far as aariffs,
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milk price that allows a farmer to at least sustain his business, rather than feed the world and starve while he is doing it. if it wasn't for the gas tier,ry in the northern most farmers would be out of business. what they are doing is taking that money and rolling it back in. every farmer i know is lock into a situation where they lose equity by selling out, because their cattle are worthless, or they lose equity i staying in because they can't afford it. and iing has to be done can tell you from the --iticians standpoint politician's standpoint, they are going to go where the votes
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are. i am a moderate democrat. a call us socialists, but i am a moderate democrat. come frome situations the fact that people have been 2008, whened since this whole of economy collapsed, and the dairy industry, other than the year 2014, when we hit $25, is suffering terribly. host: thank you for the call. point.he makes a good trade deals that have been going on, particularly with nafta, the plight of the dairy farmer has moved centerstage. we have to see if that all gets worked out over time. that has been one of the criticisms of the negotiations that have gone on to try to deal
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with, particularly canada, and what goes on in the dairy industry. the caller is absolutely right about that. that goes to a point i made earlier, the question you raised about the economy of the state and how if you live in rural parts of pennsylvania, it is not easy. particularly for the young people coming out of high school, looking for a job, whether they go to college or not, there is a mismatch between the jobs that are available -- and there are jobs out there waiting -- and the skills and training that potential employees have to go into the new aspects of the economy. that remains a significant challenge for those of us in education, but for the economy as a whole. host: this is tony in pennsylvania. caller: good morning, professor madonna. youd the pleasure of seeing
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speak at one of our teacher meetings way back when. i wanted to ask you about here in delaware county, we have two races for county. there is the seventh congressional district and the new fifth congressional district. i wanted to get your comments on both of those races, what you think will happen as well as the future of the republican party in southeastern pennsylvania. thank you. guest: that is a good question. the democratssons seatsick up three to five , they put one of the districts -- the fourth is basically montgomery county. the sixth is basically chester county. all three of those are likely to
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be seats won by the democrats, given the nature of the composition, the partisan composition. they have become pretty heavily democratic districts, particularly montgomery and delaware county, the fourth and the fifth. it is likely they will go three suburban seats and up in the lehigh valley. he is retiring at the end of the session. the seventh congressional countyt includes lehigh and the southern part of monroe county. it looks like the democratic candidate is favored to win. i will be careful how i put that. have four seats --
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democrats winning in four seats. directly the product of the new supreme court map. a person on twitter asked about your thoughts about the 11th district. guest: the 11th district is the district i live in. democrat that is a tough district for democrats, anyway. county and lancaster the southern part of your county. district that president trump one by 26, 27 points. that the democrat
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has even though i think she run one of the better campaigns historically, she is running in a county in which many of the voters are conservatives. have becomeall-town more and more republican. that is the biggest test that she faces. i think it has been a pretty good campaign by both candidates. --t kidding has raised a king will probably have to win lancaster county, which would be historic in its importance. it is a tough race for a democrat. let's go to rick in altoona, pennsylvania. caller: i have been watching the campaign for governor wolf and
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wagner. he said he was going to eliminate the school property taxes. districts will have to tighten up their belts and stop wasting their money. in altoona, altoona was looking for a basketball coach and they wanted this one man to be the basketball coach, and he did not have a teaching degree. and created a position called it a public relations liaison, even though we have a public relations officer, so this man could get the job. three of the school board members voted against this, yet they still hired this man. he does not have a teaching knowe, -- i would like to what you feel about this.
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the fundamental problem with getting rid of the property tax in pennsylvania is if you want to replace it, you have to come up with 13, 14, $15 billion in additional revenue. you couldn't completely eliminate that and expect the school to function. , the republican spelled outas not how he would make up that revenue, from what sources which he get the revenue. totorically, if you want talk about getting read of the entire property tax in pennsylvania, you would have to have a pretty big hike in income and sales tax.
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when the economy goes south and -- becausedrops people aren't buying goods and people are laid off of work, the property taxes stable. the problem that scott wagner, the republican candidate, has is he have to spell out how he wants to fund the schools in the that 15d supply some of -- $14 billion. he hasn't done that. twitter, he asks why pennsylvania has some of the scripting -- restricted voting in the country. pennsylvania has not been in the forefront of election reform, i agree with that.
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we have a closed primary in pennsylvania, which means you can only vote in the primary in the party you are registered in. if you are an independent, you cannot vote in a primary. come -- historically over the course of the state's history, we have had very strong political parties run by party leaders at the top of the county in the state level. reluctant to move too quickly to make changes. although they did challenge the voter id law in the state. if you are a first-time voter, you have to trust -- show some kind of proof. thatd a law years ago
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everybody had to show proof and the proof was relatively limited to a few things. a first-timere not voter, you can just show up. host: william is next up. caller: good morning. pennsylvania,, but i am originally from washington, pennsylvania. mr. madonna was a professor there many years ago. i don't know what district it is cook,e republican is bud it is part of washington county, i want to know if you can give us any information on how that race is going? i am disabled, i listen to c-span and i watch washington journal for three hours every day and i am just shocked that i
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was able to get through today. towas a pleasure to be able speak with the professor. town of washington, pennsylvania, it is great. host: thank you very much. i was never on the faculty at washington and jefferson. i have been at franklin and marshall. confess, i don't know anything in particular about the particular race you talked about. this, the pennsylvania legislature, both and the housenate are controlled by republicans. of 203 members of the 34 of 50 republican,
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senators are republican. day, most of the analysts believe the republicans will remain in control of the pennsylvania state legislature. it looks like governor wolf will be reelected, with his double-digit lead. i'm not predicting that, it looks like. in pennsylvania, we will have the same tuition we had for the previous four years. a republican legislature, a democratic governor and will see if the middle meets. it comes madonna, when to election security issues, how is pennsylvania doing when it comes to the integrity of the machines and the integrity of the vote? guest: the federal government has provided some money and the department of state where the bureau of elections is held has undergone a review and they are
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working hard. there are still some concerns about a paper ballot trail. , whether it is the russians or someone else, is it likely to take place because of the nature of the machinery that is used. there is some concern about a paper ballot trail. have given it some attention, and it is something that is being worked on. it will undoubtedly get done over the years. host: willie in missouri. this guy was talking about a guy on the supreme court. he doesn't want to testify.
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these people on the border, they are thousands of miles away. they are not near the border. he is spending all this money on them. whener thing about this, the people got killed and he didn'tere to be seen, he go there, -- he is causing this anyway. races.alking about host: thank you very much. let's talk about justice kavanaugh. that the't any doubt democrats are going to open up an investigation and it will be done by the house judiciary committee. where it goes is anybody's guess. the senior democrats in particular have calmed down the
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use of the word impeachment. analysts wonder what they were doing it for. -- i am convinced there will be an investigation. where it goes remains to be seen. there has been a lot of speculation has been the caravan and whether or not it helps democrats are republicans in terms of motivating and other aspects of the campaign. mentioned, it is not likely to reach our border, where there could conceivably be a confrontation before november 6. it will continue to be watched and analyzed for its potential impact. collar aboutth the what the president's responsibility is, given what took place in squirrel hill at
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the jewish synagogue. our hearts and prayers go out to all of those folks in that we have to do -- deal with the rising anti-semitism. that is something the leaders of both parties have to deal with and we have to deal with it firmly. host: one more call. this is gail from mechanicsburg, pennsylvania. caller: good morning. i just want to voice my opinion. thank you for the work that you do here. -- i appreciate you. this is an election for the soul of our country. will inclusive this prevail? we have a leader who seems to have no integrity. on health care, all of the republican party had eight years
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to rail against obamacare. when they got control, they did nothing. they had no plans, they did nothing. and ihey would take away, will vote whole heartedly democrat. ost: that is gail from mechanicsville, pennsylvania. guest: i think what you just eard there is a pretty clear explanation of the positions taken ny democrats have about president trump and about control of an congress, and make no mistake about it, that was very well in terms of the opposition. and then on the other side you supporters who are pretty -- pretty firm. he president has about 40% of the electorate overall, but something to remember when it
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to the president's job pproval, and here is where the caller's sentiments fit in, and you look at the percentage of of his job, ove approve of the job, we're digits, about single six, eight, nine points. some get up to ten and 11. reversely, republicans 82%, rting the president, approve of republicans of the job that the president is doing. so this bifurcation is extraordinary, with few left in between. heard a good case made for the democrats who obviously on't approve of the president and the width and the depth of he opposition is truly significant. host: joining us for our iscussion on battleground states, terry madonna from
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marshall college. thank you for giving us your time today. guest: my pleasure. next, hope phones is 202-748-0001 for republicans. we'll be right back. jodi e best-selling author picco. most recent book is a "spark light", she has 20 more novels. of has written five issues books.nder woman" comic you can watch live sunday from until 3 p.m. eastern.
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2. book t.v. on c-span sunday on q and a -- years ago the people of the united states set out upon was a great ught liberal campaign. we loste along the line the objective. pulitzer-prize winning author. internationalist. here was a great civil libertarian. rights convictions hat would have matched say an obama perhaps. here was a man who was a liberal nd at the same time accessible to the role of government in the at -- at only to a
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great degree. i thought all the things about his ere appealing, and honesty. there is a part in the book roosevelt asking him to consider being his vice he considered overthrowing wal gentlemans -- wallace, and wilke said, no. >> that's sunday night at 8 p.m. c-span.on washington journal continues. thoughts on post our facebook panl, you can -- page. also post on our twitter page. there are the phone lines. republicans, for 202-748-8002.
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ll hands on deck as democrats scramble to help menendez. were -- are still uneasy bout embracing bob menendez after his 2017 federal corruption trial which ended in a mistrial. have been reminded of that case almost every day by month-long $30 million wealthy by a pharmaceutical executive who is menendez's republican opponent. cory booker has been preparing a widely expected presidential bid are pleading to rally behind senator menendez. a look at the senate race in arizona. it -- saying that in a race that party lp decide which
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ill control the senate, the democrat has been attacking her over the go p. health care bill. it didn't eliminate -- did but did weaken the affordable care act's protections for americans with preexisting conditions such as cancer or diabetes. sinema appears to have a slight saleh and that could bode poorly for other democrats. again, this is open phones. off this starts us morning. go ahead, don. caller: i wish you guys would on there to talk about social security and upcoming nd this election, and i suggest about to get are social security or medicare voting hink twice about
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for a republican. host: because why? caller: you will be sorry if you do. host: why would you advise them to not vote republican? his is akron, ohio, republican line. bill. caller: good morning. wondered why c-span treats the ountry evenly in getting callers in but quotes only the papers, including the new york times thea. today, and leaves out chicago tribune, the "l.a. times." could go on and on on great papers in this country that are left out of this playbook.
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host: thanks for the suggestion. bob is next. harbor creek, pennsylvania, independent line. actually a donald trump supporter. segment.d to the last i get irritated when the whien about the -- whine about the popular vote. she won california by almost 325,000 votes. she lost by almost one million to jump allhey want over the popular vote when the nly state where the popular vote made all of that up is california. do you really want your determined bycies one state? host: the affordable care act is coming upscussed much in the mid-term elections also in the papers this morning. the wiems, tom -- spikes in times",
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obamacare unlikely. d.c.-based consult ansy. e are at a point where it is a low-income -- subsidized. enrollment might increase in areas where rates are going down. president trump tightened up the signup process much the signups ranges from tates that u.s. the government portal and places like new york and d.c. run their own markets. topic of health care, the factor in the debate last night that took place in new jersey in the third congressional district where the topics of health care and the costs related to health care, this is representative tom andy kim.er
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> everything i have done is to ring costs down, give states flexibility and have fee-for-service, to do tort aren't o that doctors practices defensive medicine, to ring prescription drug costs down to stop other countries from free loading off of our a cap on what put deduct e companies can in insurance and co-pays. before i left washington, i allow n a bill to pharmacists to tell a person if it is cheaper for them to just the drug instead of just going through insurance. >> what i worry about is telling $1,000 that they pay out-of-pocket every month for prescription drugs or they file or bankruptcy because of the health care costs of their son. those are the problems that people are facing this. is
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personal. not about politics. care about this and i want it make sure everybody in this they y has health care need and deserve. nd my -- my opponent tries to twist it out of context. host: that will reair today at c-span. some other debates to tell you about is the west virginia debate, that is joe manchin republican. you can see that on c-span. he president heading to missouri for a rally to campaign for republican candidates. live coverage of that will be at 7:30 this evening on c-span 2. new york's 22nd congressional district. we will have live coverage 8 tonight on c-span. oklahoma is next. on ill hear next from joy the democrats line. caller: good morning.
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first half of washington journal. i usually watch it. comparing the character of our president with -- with last president, obama. ecause, like, i remember when the republicans lost their minds very time president obama golfed and president trump has first nine his months more on vacations than in eight obama did years. nd michael cohen implicated trump in paying off stormy kerry mcdougal. remember when first lady michele obama wore a sleeveless dress. can get back to civility, our next president, whoever it is, we can vote for character of the man or woman.
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in windamere, florida, republican line. caller: i just wonder about who have daughters and husbands who or have wooifs. i don't -- wooifs -- wives. how they can vote for trump. ut other things he has done is beyond belief, but certainly women more than anything else. it is hard to comprehend in this country i think the most important thing would be taking a hold of the house. they probably won't get the senate. fact, they do, in another two years get the senate, which should sibility, they enact more, like a lot of ations across the world, like industrial nations, australia mandatory ly have a voting requirement. if you do not vote, you pay a
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fine. australia, i know that the ating is still people who pay fine, i think it is equivalent to like $300 here. vote of people will because they don't want to pay the fine. frankly alldo that, due respect to folks who consider your selves the republican party, you're really trump party, you would disappear probably as a third-rate party. okay. et's go to pompano beach, florida, republican line, matthew. you're on. caller: donald trump stated i strongly push background checks, raise age to 21. finally is in a mood to do something on this issue. i hope. what has happened to this? been no change in gun laws. there has been more mass than last his year year of the when will this end? when will the epidemic of
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a.r.-15 gun violence end? host: georgia, democrats line. caller: yes, i agree with the speaking about the trump situation where people have don't respectthey the idea that people follow traits that you allow them to children.each your voted for ople who republicans because there was a lot more experiences of money and people follow money. it makes them feel important. donald trump makes them feel important. ost: that was charles from georgia. one thing that we follow on a regular basis is the activities the supreme court. one of those organizations that that is an organization known as fix the court. term limits ook at for justices. fix xecutive director of
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the courts is online with us. organization your what's backs you and your purpose? guest: we rad voe indicate for advocate for greater transparency in all of the federal courts, but especially in the supreme court, and we do a number of different means through direct lobbying and online engagements, writing letters, up at events and pushing the justices and their in the judiciary to create a more modern institution. more that the justices and the whole court system opens up, the more that the great ill see work they are doing and respect them, which i think is important in in time when -- in this time when declining.overall is host: one of the things you wanted to look at is term limits
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justices. how did this come about? of the o the tenure supreme court has been bandied about for decades. what has accelerated it is for the first 180 years of democracy, the average justice was serving about 15 years, it has doubled to 27 years. it seems like they are out of and don't reflect the populist they are governing. justices who ve were born before the start of a little off eems futile than -- we have been pushing for supreme court limits, and i think after several contentious see this idea we is catching on. americans at 78% of support restrictions to the length of service for u.s.
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justices.urt so that's 1,000 americans, plus 3%, registered voters coming vote this to 22% is a 78% stark difference. that's across all party lines ages an regions. -- and regions. poll, when you took the who did you ask and how did you phrase the question? did you get the number that you're talking about. a thousand individuals who said they will vote. these are the most engaged were trying hat we to ask across the country and ed across gender lines regional lines the same way that representative of america. i think that just having a conversation about whiches to mprove the way that the justices are accountable to the people that they are not these
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-- they can stay independent, that's what we want. that's what's written into the constitution. that, you oesn't mean know, we can't ensure that they have the highest level of ethics. it doesn't mean we can't ensure were is a live audio feed so know what is going on during the cases like we know in the state that we can't know about conflicts of l interest. trying to reduce the justices is something years that we said and has agreement many, including the legal groups, 18 years is a term that's long enough to establish be an influential justice and an influential not so n government but long as to become out of touch or have to deal with mental that, e or this feeling you know, you're part of a time gone by. what have the justices themselves said about the idea of term limit?
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is interesting. since the court started, we have cut out forour work us getting the justices on the ecord, but several have, through hard work, gotten justices on record as to term limits. most recently were justices and kagan. was 18said as long as it years, it -- justice kagan was about it she thought as far as term limits and she 18-year proposal. she is firm maybe i think is what she said on that issue. justice roberts when he was a reagan administration a memo saying hat all federal justices, including supreme court justices should not be asked to serve more than 15 years. i heard stories off the record of other justices commenting
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those lines. over time justices read the know what's the invailing theories on policy this country and they know this s a popular idea and this poll shows it is continuing to be a popular idea. would love to get justices to agree to step down after 18 years. that would help the problem if decided not toly serve more than 18 years. i think once we're past the we're going to have serious conversations on the hill about how can this get need to talk to? who are the prime movers on this issue? affect change in a way that makes the most ccountable part of our government more in line with what every other modern democracy does? the organization is known as fix the court. if you want to find out more survey that our guest is talking about, fix the court s online and all the
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information that he talks about is on there. abe roth is the executive director. thank you. guest: thank you for having me. open we continue on with phones. this is reginald in houston, texas. on the republican line. martin luther king is followed the -- who said that was the biggest purveyor the world when he said this. we're we're unapologetic, we are not remorseful for some of the things we have done. texas, we found 95 in fort land county, reinstitutionalized
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men into the slavery. county has not been think thishere and i should be happening and to be able to keep the people in the grave where they are. america has not apologized for anything she has done. a bomb on japan. usedas the on-line one who a newark weapon. she -- a nuclear weapon. she is doing in yemen and palestinian. not had any remorse except for us initiating what to the jewish holocaust. etween blacks and other immigrants and people abroad, we remorse full. host: we'll -- remorse full. it there.l leave there is an article saying that and the tary of state
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defense secretary issued oordinated call for a cease-fire in yemen. huti militants have sparked this. jump started ave peace talks but we have to move effort the a peace we can't say we're going to do it in the future. the next do this in 30 days mr. mat is said on -- mattis said on tuesday. in michigan, republican line, teresa. caller: i was going to comment n the question you had for the earlier caller on why not vote on theblican, and that's health care and social security, and that's because mitch on the l come right out air and said it is a problem for
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ur economy that we have these things, and they want to make uts to the social security and medicaid, medicare, and it is trillion to the rich folk, but now they are going to say that social a problem. meanwhile, all the republicans are voting -- are campaigning they want to save the preexisting condition while they to get riduit trying of it. so they are lying to the american people. host: mike in tennessee, line.rats mike, you're on. go ahead. caller: i would like to reiterate about the republicans social edicare and security if they do get tuesday.d next you can look it up on the heritage foundation's web site. they have a plan for social security for everybody to get
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matter how th no much you made or how little you can all your life, and you look it up. -- that's host: do you think that any to thoseeed to be made programs to make them sustainable? caller: i suppose there will be, but i don't think it is right to whole point - the of this tax cut was to have a to go after e just entitlements, and entitlements are medicare and social security. think that they are not but the republicans -- in the republicans eye they are entitlements. is in spring dale, arkansas, democratic line. morning.good host: good morning. caller: i have a quick question
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before i make my comment. every time schumer gets up to he podium in coming -- podium in congress, there's a lady sitting there. she is.know but she looks so sad, like she lost her puppy. sorry for her. i don't know sho she is -- who he is, but, man. my comment, like the president visiting pennsylvania esterday, i'm trying to put this together, and i don't know, n order to stop hatred, i assume you grab a sign, go out n the street and gather up and yell and scream and chant how to stop hate somebody hatred so i guess i get it. sure.ot host: okay. tiny is next in texas, republican line. caller: good morning. calling because to say first trump is a good president and they are atic party,
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the hitler party. they want to -- and if they stop giving money to have anchor babies, hey would save social security for people who worked in this nation all their lives. hey say it is our money, but yet when we die, they keep the there's many people who left this world who left millions of dollars into social so busy but they are giving it to all the people who it.not deserve an immigrant -- against immigrants legally, but you have people coming here come ying it is right to to this nation while they carry their own nation's flag and getting away e rom --
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host: that was tiny from texas. this is open phones. the nation on d our c-span bus. celebrating us is its 20th birthday. it is back in washington after all 50 state capitols. stop today and that is to talk to the mayer of district of columbia and she c-span bus.the good morning. thank you for joining us. it is my pleasure to be of the represent all representatives of washington, d.c. and soon to be the 51st state. that isat convinces you going to be the way to go? uest: well, we know that we are a unique jurs kicks in -- in that 7-00,000
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he and 00 citizens live pay taxes and don't have a vote in the congress. the you probably heard statements from sheldon whitehouse, the senator, he was about statehood for puerto rico. got 100 votes -- puerto rico is a better case they have a bigger population. d.c. is an enclooif enclave to support federal government. i think that we need to educate americans around the washington, about d.c. the truth is washington, d.c. is larger than two states already we pay more federal taxes er capita than at least 20 states in the union. and so if you look at population
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then we should rightfully be a state. the re very pleased that senator clarified his comments and, one, as economic growth we because be penalized we're a fast-growing city, region, we are driving jobs in the federal and private sector. are, indeed, a city on the move. and i'm sure that the senator we 't mean to suggest that should be penalized because we budgets and ancing because we have high bond care ofand we're taking ourselves fiscally. mayor will join us and take your questions as wechlt her ou want to ask questions. for all others it is
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202-748-8001. mayor, what is it like -- when made es to policy that's in washington, d.c., what does it translate to in being mayor columbia?trict of guest: well, for us, you know we have a 13-member council that sets all of our local laws. i submit budgets to we have a l that sets all of our local laws. i submit budgets to them. they approve our budgets. we are a city where $14 billion worth of developments in our -- investments in our city and we paying off. the things that we've been able o do with our schools, we're investing in our infrastructure and creating private sector jobs. host: how would you describe your relationship with members only on ss not statehood but other issues? have had the privilege of being mayor now, i'm term, our my first approach to working with the federal government, because they do surround us.
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raised question that you earlier about whether we're a or not, we have addressed in 2016, we put a the people that would create a new constitution for our state and boundaries for new state. and we were sure to carve out he federal portion, which includes all of the congress itself and their buildings, the federal se and other buildings. the balance, however, would be the state of washington, d.c. and so my approach to working ith the federal government has been very direct. even including going up to trump ower to meet with then-president-elect trump and the members of the congress. and two years ago we hosted a reception for members of congress as well, which was a bipartisan affair. for washington, d.c. is not a partisan issue. e believe that it is just a
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matter of justice. how can we go around the world and ing for democracy voting rights for capitals all globe and deny a vote house ofle vote in the representatives and two senate votes for the residents of the capitol of our great country? host: if democrats do take the what is the chance -- how better are the chances for you actually achieving statehood? uest: we believe they are the best they have been in quite a while for the reasons i just mentioned. have a clean and clear constitution that would govern our new state. been approved by the referendum. it has been approved by the council of the district of as well. we have clearly laid out the
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anddaries for the new state the legislation that our congresswoman has introduced has sponsors than it has -- sponsors than it has ever had in house. >> the -- host: the mayor of washington, d.c. is joining us. e have calls lined up for you, if you like. this is from charles from laurel, maryland. with the mayor. go ahead. caller: good morning, mayor. want to tell you that i appreciate the way that you lead your ti. in d.c. and really have had an opportunity to see the city, at you shaped the especially around homeless services. so thank you very much. to you and councilman dough. really appreciate the way that you're supporting deon. i think she will be a fantastic council. to the guest: thank you. and thank you for reminding everybody in d.c. that we have
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election as well on november 6. in addition to voting for the office, our congresswoman, the mayor, the ttorney general are on the ballot as well. we're encouraging everybody to in ut and vote, including the at-large race where you get two votes. new jersey. this is dorey for the mayor. go ahead. caller: hi, mayor. i was wondering, what about all other people across the united states. that you're discussing what's happening in d.c., but everyone else that's 6?ing to vote november guest: well, we're certainly encouraging everybody to their right to vote. we've been discouraged. you're in public office you're discouraged when not everyone shows up at the polls.
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i think that what we have seen is that many times there hundreds or thousands of votes that can decide an lection, even the last presidential election, i think it came down to three states and tens of thousands of votes that makes a difference. every vote counts. people to go out and we want democrats to go out and we republicans to -- to, of course, vote, but we think that message that -- that we're hearing in states like georgia florida and in maryland are resonating with voters, but have to voe up and -- show up and vote. host: mayor, across the nation rates seeing homicide going down, but in the district a -- columbia, those numbers are going up.
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administration doing about this? host: we have had a tough year homicide.d to we have seen violent crime and crime overall go down, but in of our city we're still levels of gun le violence. in all of my conversations with police department, we are focused on guns offenders anded repeat -- and repeat gun offenders. we are ewe nook in in -- unique all of our crimes are prosecuted by the u.s. attorney and our federal judges. so we have to work across a few sectors to get a handle on crime.t we're really focused on gun especially for the states that surround us, where a lot of illegal guns are coming our city and working with the ederal partners in prosecutors office to make sure
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arrests police make that there is real punishment for using a gun in our city, and that. focused on we also have very robust efforts away from g people crime and into jobs and we continue to focus on both the punishment side because if you use a gun in city, you will face consequences, but also on the get people side to out and better opportunities to live and raise their families in our city. mayor, when it comes to economics, the washington post d.c. council repealed initiative 77 that ould require employers to pay more to servers, bartenders who tips.n there is another referendum. but can you explain your action the administration think abouts this role? -- thinks about this role. guest: sure. ago i e of years
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council to o our increase the minimum wage to $15 2020.r by we have been in a leadership role when it comes to raising the minimum wage. did not impact the tipped wage. if you work in a restaurant in and you earn c. tips, we didn't touch those tips. finding is that in our restaurants, our servers and vastly rs are making more than $15 an hour, so a move create a minimum wage in restaurants and bars, we think, the effect ly have of decreasing the amount of money that our servers and are taking home. and that would have a whole ting affect on the hospitality industry in which is one c., -- ur leading
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host: if it did pass, would you support it? see a robust to discussion about how we deal with wages. in washington, d.c. you're on with the mayor. go ahead. mayor. good morning, guest: good morning. caller: my name is linda and i in ward eight. now, if we do become a state, the district rn portion and who would govern the federal portion? because we would have a mayor a governor, right? would have a governor and we would look at thewards as within the ons they similar to somehow are are -- there are counties in other states. we could be more specific the constitution wasn't specific about how we would name it, but that is how we would do it. what the constitution says is that the mayor would become the of rnor of the new state
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washington, d.c. and the council ould become our state legislature. host: michael is also in washington, d.c. michael, go ahead, you're on with the mayor. guest: hi, michael. aller: yes, good morning, ms. mayor. guest: good morning. caller: good morning. have been roblem, i riving a taxi waeshz -- washington, d.c., and it -- there is a dysfunctional agency. have been trying to reach the people in your office for now, and i became homeless and out of work because the policies of your administration, and they allow eople to take money from the cab drivers. nobody seems to know where the money went or where the money should go. recently took money from the jobs of a big cab company. jobs.tole the policies over there are
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make a people trying to living in washington, d.c. guest: let me say this. michael.ay this, well, let me say this because you raised -- if you have any of wrong doing in any d.c. government agency, i want you to immediately reach to the inspector general for the district of columbia who is independent and who investigates any allegations of waste, fraud, and abuse. operational e an issue where we can be helpful to you, i'm going to ask you to mayor's office -- reach out to the mayor's ask for the ward 8 liaison. host: a washington paper citizen that public talked about campaign and don -- deon. your position on this? that, it was saw
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confirmed by another publication behind this and it raises about public citizens nonprofit status. i said then it was a frivolous complaint and it has been office of y the campaign finance who dismissed it. sheila in tacoma, washington. bowser.on with mayor go ahead. caller: hello. good morning. guest: good morning. tacoma,i'm calling from washington. guest: the other washington we like to say. caller: go seahawks. -- ou have guest: sorry? caller: could you -- do you have state streets where you have people volunteer for people who they care about their community. guest: i'm not familiar with that program, ma'am.
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caller: safe streets where people volunteer to be the of charge it free because they care about the community. guest: okay. e do have a volunteer corps hat works with the police and are police trained. we also have citizens that go in with the ity training police, and a citizens advisory in all of our police districts that work and support activities.olicing i don't think we saul it safe -- call it safe streets. host: one of the issues across the nation of concern is that of housing. housing situation in washington, d.c. and what is your administration doing about equalling that out? well, it is one of our biggest challenges as we grow -- fast -- 900 wing eache about move into d.c. and every month. so i don't have to tell you when you have that kind of fast
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growth, it creates intense demand in housing and transportation, and we see rise. when i became mayor four years aboutur city was spending $50 million on our -- what is which is the housing production house fund. we have doubled that in each of four years and this year we're expected to spend $130 that one st out of fund which allows us to create more affordable housing units. units in the pipeline. i will tell you though that for impact ke the biggest i've challenged my colleagues to a regional level in maryland and virginia and to what we're doing with that fund to create more units. i think in our region, if we another 20 to 25,000 units over the next five years, really be able to see -- to see an impact on more
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especially in housing in d.c. don't t many people mention but is also very important when you talk about housing prices is the prices of care, and we want to attract and keep young families our city and we're also incentivizing to create more spots in d.c. host: one more call. this is from david in canton, illinois. caller.first-time a little nervous. could you map out the d.c. federal buildings and have the be turned over to maryland? we have mapped out the federal parts, and so all of federal buildings where people don't live, and it doesn't matter that they have no have been mapped out with our new constitution, and i hope that you will go to
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web site and find out more at d.c. point government -- and the remainder would be the new state of washington, d.c. should emphasize to everybody that we are -- we have our own identity. more than 700,000 maryland.nd we are not maryland, for that matter, is doesn't elf and necessarily want a new jurisdiction added to its so we should d emphasize too that the congress within its power to give us not only the vote in the house two votes in the senate by a simple -- by a simple law, by a majority, and that is exactly what we're calling on it to do. we deny a vote in congress to the residents of the nation's capital city who pay
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taxes, who send its residents to wars, and who are every bit as uch american as you are in ohio, yet we don't have a vote. it is un-american. is the mayor of washington, d.c. thank you for your time. guest: thank you, c-span. pleasure. my pleasure. thank you. host: we're back to open phones for the remainder of the program, about ten minutes or so. if you pleasure. thank you. host: we're back to open phones for the remainder of the program, about ten minutes or so. if you want to call us, it is it02-748-8000 for democrats. is in u.s.a. today. at at professor university. debate comes down to the six words in the constitution. primary purpose of the amendment included that he ensure that was to freed slaves after the civil war
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would have full rights of every state.n when the amendment was drafted, various senators indicated that intended it to have more narrow meaning. clause is for e federal laws not a matter of allegiance. jurisdiction refers to a falling under authority of a legal system. there is a middle position. to jurisdiction left the decision of the meaning of citizenship up to congress to decide. he adds that under two of the three interpretations the resident cannot do what he described that the constitution adopts an unrestricted approach or leaves the matter to congress unilateral action would not suffice. t is only if the court adopts the narrow interpretation that it might succeed. means would n of depend on the meaning of the amendment. today if youu.s.a. want to read about birthright citizenship. of new o to the pages ork times this morning, there
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is a story from kabul, fghanistan, saying that five detainees have joined the taliban. folks that they were swapped for someone bergdahl, and that two governors in released in 2014 xchange for the american sergeant bergdahl. were shipped to qatar. he joining of the taliban's political commission, which will bring them more movement comes insurgency also released back to the taliban ranks. was arrested in a raise in 2010 and has remained detention.i phones until 10
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o'clock. maryland on the democrats line. willie, go ahead. caller: hi. i was wondering about the providence hospital closing. they were going a housing project there. mayor s wondering if the had included that in -- i don't know how many units there were to be. i was wondering if that was part f the long-term count that she actually had. host: i have to apologize, the mayor is no longer with us. is a concern of yours. caller: i work at providence haven't been they totally truthful about a lot of things to be honest. i'm concerned that, you know, that they told us that they were going to do what the community
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wants, the community needs, and they were going to put housing in there. they didn't say how many. it was supposed to be affordable. and since i'm losing wants, the community needs, and they were going to put housing in there. they didn't say how many. my jo probably will need affordable housing. host: that's willie until maryland. this is danny, fairfax, california. republican line. hi. >> good morning. everybody discusses it and so i think when he's throwing out birthright the issue, he's trying to get people go with his other ideas. danny in 's california. to the previous caller that providence hospital, there is an article saying, i read the headline saying that the council voted to stop closure.dence hospital
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you can find out more if you go to that web site. next, ssissippi, ken is independent line. caller: hello. host: hello. you're on. caller: yeah, thank you for taking my call. make a statement. -- i just can't outeve the stuff that comes when he's speaking. host: okay. go to jeff in florida, democrats line. caller: yes. host: you're on. go ahead. caller: hey. jeff.is i'm a democrat -- registered democrat, have been since clinton. but i don't vote democrat and i aven't for a while because the democratic party has gone way far to the left like europe or
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and i just don't think that's where america started and that's not where it needs to go. thank you. host: the wall street journal that new federal governmentings will require that be allowed to s cross-examine their accusers. t marks a shift from the initial draft of the new rules trump in august which officials were looking to right they guidelines that didn't think protected students accused of assault. the rule would narrow the definition of sexual assault hat schools are required to adjudicate and restrict eligible on s to those that occur campus. the current version would make it mandatory, though questions could be funneled parties an utral students could be seated in separate rooms. it would bar accused students
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asking their accusers inappropriate questions such as accuser's sexual history. washington, d.c., we'll hear next from mark. hello. caller: yes, i'm from toronto. d.c. right now. president trump has been -- the - has bashed the media way he has done before because pittsburgh.ng in he has moved on to the caravan coming from mexico. it doesn't matter what he is do after the elections, but before the elections he has do something for his basin matter, things that like health care, opioid not been it has sufficient, any work done to thing that the one
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president obama -- sorry, trump cuts, and -- and for the mill it is not permanent. for the military it is not permanent. hear from roberta in san diego, california, democrats line. hello. host: you're on. caller: i didn't call on the having said e, but that, i'm 81 years oel. i think -- old. is way past time that we start telling the young people in this country about medicare.urity and i retired in 2005, and for many 2005 i was getting information at different times telling me security flat out that people in the future were not going to get benefits. so i don't understand -- i guess in st be the only person this country that received those otices because no one else is
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calling and telling the truth we t these notices that obviously received. help me out, p edr o, because become a country that just forgets what's telling the s not truth to our young people. there are so many places in ocial security that need to be fixed and could be fixed. all over me, i called this country, different offices, nd no one cares about fixing this problem. i called republican offices, white people'ss, offices, black people's office, nd i'm talking about representatives many we need to fix the problem for kids. ost: that is roberta in california. this is john from new jersey on the independent line. good morning. thank you for taking my call. birthright issue. i just don't understand how people can come to this country
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kids, and then the kids are american. usually what your parents are. to europe-- if you go or any of these other countries and you have a child there, are you not a citizen of that country. you are a citizen of the country because come from not you are there either on vacation or there illegal. just don't understand this debate how -- how come all of hese kids that come in here from illegals are automatically americans when the parents are here ericans and are illegal. i just don't get -- i just don't get the logic in that. could explain it in a commonsense way, i think it this.ut some light on thank you for my call. host: that is john in new jersey. the wall street journal says that the department of homeland security traction data for come to the records,
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433,556 foreign graduates were cleared for temporary jobs in their academic field after finishing school in 2017. that is the equivalent of roughly half the total population of international students seeking u.s. degrees, participation in the federal optional practical training allows new graduates to stay and work in the u.s. for one year. the number of trainees has doubled in the past three years and american businesses have struggled to fill more jobs requiring technical eere studenm outside the u.s. are choosing to stay in the country for jobs as software engineers and other highly skilled roles. joseph,uri, this is democrats line. hello. caller: hi. thank you for taking my call. -- i have been
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listening to the debates and all this but i never heard nothing talk about people that have been imprisoned and they have done their time and they got out and yet they cannot get a job they have a felony on their name or whatever. they cannot vote, they cannot do anything. they can't get a job because how can they have their rights restored? if they did their time, why do they have to have their rights -- nobody is doing nothing about this. think about families that cannot get a job. host: geraldine is in south boston, virginia. hello. caller: hello. host: you are on, go ahead. caller: thank you. host: you are on the air, go
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ahead. say my i am calling to opinion about this stuff trump is talking about. [indiscernible]
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host: that is geraldine in virginia. at theic of gun control top of this cycle for the midterm elections. the washington times saying despite the parkland student vows, gun safety fails to become an issue in 2018. marjorie shooting at stallman -- marjorie stoneman -- las high school, students from the school led national protests and promised to punish the nra and its candidates. the nra is indeed suffering on the financial front, putting at least 7.3 million that -- $7.3 billion in ads in media to help their preferred candidates. 2016, the nra spent more than $54 million and more than $27 million in 2014. gun control groups meanwhile
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spent $9.8 million over the same period in 2018. -- in missouri, independent line. caller: hello. good to speak to you again. i just wanted to toss in some thing from the history of the united states and the and the way our original founders set things up. republic, not a democratic people's republic. that is one. for thelike to toss in mayor of washington, d.c. on the voting rights, if they will go back and explain the reason that the people of the district of columbia were not allowed to or essentially voting
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members of the states, it was because they were living there the u.s. to utilize government. host: that caller is from missouri on our independent line, the last color for this program. another one comes your way at 7:00 tomorrow. right now we take you to a discussion on election challenges facing states in 2018 and this event hosted by the national academy of public administration is scheduled to start at 10:00 on c-span. it is just about to get going. we take you live to it.
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>> five days until the election and the focus very much across washington is the election. this event hosted by the national academy of public administration looking at
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election challenges. among those speaking will be thomas hicks who chairs the election assistance commission. it should get under way and just a little bit. the president today will get a briefing on election security measures ahead of the election next tuesday. that briefing for the president coming up this afternoon. that onssue, reports election day, the white house national security council along with the fbi, the departments of justice and homeland security as well as intelligence agencies will monitor reports from across that notry to ensure that physical or cyber attempts to interfere with voting succeed. officials told reporters yesterday cq will be monitoring information from more than 10,000 voting jurisdictions to quote separate fact from fiction according to administration officials. we will have it live here on c-span.
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host: harry madonna is the director at the -- in pennsylvania, and joining us this morning on washington journal. good morning sir. give us your own assessment of this cycle and what makes pennsylvania a battleground. what -- i think what makes the state a battleground is the fact that when the congressional map was redraw on by the pennsylvania supreme court earlier in the year as jonathan reported, it made the
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congressional races in this state very competitive. if you go back to the previous map, the 2011 map in each of the subsequent congressional elections, the republicans won 13 of the 18 states in pennsylvania, the democrats five. 2016, 13 to five. what this map did was put somewhere between three and five of the congressional seats in play and my sense about this is from the polls that have been analyses is that the democrats are likely to pick up somewhere between three and five seats, which makes the state a player in the democrat efforts to get to the magic number 23. we can talk about those if you will as jonathan accurately
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pointed out. we have a couple congressional ,aces that are very competitive getting a good bit of national attention and money coming in from out of the state by national organizations and groups trying to influence the outcome. we also have a u.s. senate race going on in the state where senator casey, bob casey is seeking a third term to the united states senate. ,very single independent poll not connected to a party or candidate, shows the senator with a double-digit lead. that is the same as the poll we released at franklin and marshall college just this morning which shows the senate -- the senator with a 15 point lead. there has not been a lot of national attention on our u.s. senate race. much of the attention has gone to states that democratic in senate are running
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districts and states that the president of the united states, donald trump won two years ago and a couple states where republican incumbents are embattled as well. host: our guest joins us to talk about pennsylvania as a battleground state in this midterm cycle. if resident of pennsylvania want to call, it is (202)-748-8000. all others, (202)-748-8001. about 12.8 million people living in the state. the governor is democrat tom wolf. when it comes to the presidential race in 2016, donald trump won the state 48.2% over hillary clinton at 47.5%. when it comes to that winning of the state, how much of a factor this time around in helping republicans? guest: donald trump is not on the ballot, literally but figuratively he is.
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here is what is going on in pennsylvania and many other states. political historians like myself often talk about midterm elections being essentially about the president, about his incumbency. the fact of the matter is that is true not just a bit, but hugely so this year. in our state and many other states, when we asked voters you are going to vote this year, why are you coming out, what is important to you? saywhelmingly, democrats they are turning out to vote because they are opposed to president trump and they want their party to gain control of congress. conversely, republicans because they support the president and want to see their party retain control of congress. typically, it is a referendum on the president, midterm elections.
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more or less this goes to a new degree when we say more an incumbent battle over a -- over president trump, his tenure in office, his style, his personality. it is all about the president. that is the driving force. the other point i want to make about our state is we have talked, reporters and political scientists have talked about the number of women running. currently pennsylvania does not have a single female in the congressional delegation. in fact, pennsylvania has never elected a woman governor or a woman u.s. senator. this year, we have eight women running in the 18 congressional districts in our state. these end of the day, three and possibly for women will be elected to the united
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states house of representatives. that would be a record in the state. nationally, there are 84 women in the house of representatives, almost half of the democratic nominees for congress for the house and around the country are females. at the end of the day, we will have more than 100 women in the house. that would be a record. in pennsylvania, we will get three to four, that would be a record for our state as well. that is another important aspect of this congressional election. host: when it comes to the state and midterm elections, what is the enthusiasm level typically? what do you sense this time around? guest: that is a great question. pennsylvania follows the model -- nationally about 40% of eligible voters have turned out in recent midterms. i think this year, pennsylvania is poised to have one of the
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largest turnouts if not the largest turnout in decades as voters are showing considerable excitement. about seven in 10 of our state's voters are very interested in the election. that is the latest franklin and marshall college poll. that is up 10 points from our september poll. one of the leading reasons why the interest has gone up is the confirmation of brett kavanaugh to the supreme court. that has energized both democrats and republicans to about the same degree. there has been it debate about the him -- there has been a debate about the impact. in pennsylvania, both democrats and republicans are very interested in the outcome of the
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election. terry madonna, director of the center of public affairs at franklin and marshall college. our first call for you comes from dennis in williamsport. you are on with terry madonna. go ahead. caller: thank you for taking my call. i would like to comment on the fact that every republican out there including our local representative now claims that the -- that they are all for pre-existing conditions. they are trying to pull the wool over the voters eyes because at the same time, they are backing, along with the trump administration, a lawsuit to do away with the exact same thing. -- host: i am the cochair of the 2020

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