tv U.S. Senate 50th Anniversary of Apollo 11 Moon Landing CSPAN July 21, 2019 7:19pm-8:01pm EDT
grades on capitol hill on wednesday, senators into the floor to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the apollo 11 moon landing. >> 50 years ago, the what was transfixed by granny black-and-white image of neil -- grainy black-and-white image of neil armstrong about to take the first step on the moon. i was part of the largest audience in history to take -- to view that. i was in high school and i was totally engrossed in what was going on, staring at the television, it was hard to
imagine that hundreds of thousands of miles away, to brave americans were sitting on the surface of the moon. their comrades remained in lunar orbit. above. i didn't quite understand what this development would mean for the future. i just remember thinking at that moment how proud i was to be an american. i looked up to these three men, and i still do, and i marvel add their courage, their intelligence, and their patriotism as well as that of tens of thousands of americans involved in getting them to the moon in the first place. we now know that this lunar trio had quite a sense of humor. michael collins was once asked in an interview what he was thinking about in the moments leading up to the liftoff, and he joked, i was thinking of per
deiem. we learned from buzz aldrin stepped off the ladder, he told them that he was being careful, not to lock the door behind him. when talked about the fact that most of the foes tows were of aldrin, neal armstrong joked, i've always said that buzz aldrin was the far more photo genic of the crew. there's one thing that is abundantly clear. that day, july 20, 1969, established the united states as the world's leader in human space exploration. it also put my hometown, the place of my birth, houston, on the map as the hub for spaceflight innovation in the united states. we all remember the very first words uttered by neal armstrong after landing.
he said, quote, houston, tranquility base here. the eagle has landed. of course, he was talking to the greatest minds of the generation who were working at johnson space center in houston, texas. the men and women at mission control center exercised full control over apollo 11 from the launch at canada space center to the landing on the moon to the splashdown in the pacific ocean. for more than 50 years now, the johnson space center has been at the heart of america's space program. the successful apollo mission marked a turning point in space exploration and folks across texas are eager to celebrate this momentous anniversary. you can do like i have and visit johnson space center yourself and see nasa's mission control from apollo. it's redesigned to look exactly the way it did in 1969, down to
the retrocoffee cups and glass ashtrays. you can watch the houston astros you can find space-themed menus and ask an astronaut events to educate our next generation of space travelers. to commemorate this historic mission in washington, i've introduced bipartisan, bicameral resolution with our colleagues, senator brown, congress congressman babin last month. i ask might fellow senators to join me in passing in this week. this resolution honors apollo 11's three crewmembers -- neal armstrong, buzz aldrin andal concollins, whose bravery and still made this feat possible. in addition, it commends the work of the brilliant men and women who supported this mission on earth, including
mathematicians like katherine johnson and the astronauts who lost their lives in previous spaceflight missions. to ensure that america remains the leader in human spaceflight, this resolution also supports the continued leadership of the united states. with this in mind, earlier in year i introduced a bill called advancing human spaceflight act with senator peters from michigan. to provide greater certainty and stability for our space program. this legislation will extend the authorization for the international space center through 2030 and launch the united states into a new era of space exploration. our future astronauts need spacesuits with advanced capabilities beyond what current technology can do. so this bill will also direct nasa to directly the next-generation spacesuit for future exploration to the moon,
to mars, and beyond. in order to make this dream a reality, this legislation will allow as soon as to partner with private space innovators, to ensure that we have the best and brightest working to achieve these goals. in addition, this bill will for the first time codify human space settlement as a national goal. i believe this legislation will help set the stage to launch the united states into a new era of space exploration, and there's no better time than this momentous anniversary to recommit ourselves to american leadership in space. in the years since that small -- that first small step, we've watched goal after goal being set and then met from viking 1 landing on mars to the voyageer program exploring the outer planets to the international space station making human space habitation a reality. i have no doubt that the success
of the apollo 11 mission made each of these victories possible and paved the wait for the future. for the 50th anniversary of the lunar landing today, we honor the brave and brilliant astronauts, physicists, engineers, mathematicians and scientists of all kinds who made our first, our nation the first to touch down on lunar soil. we're grateful for their courage, their sacrifices and their immeasurable contributions to our n ms. ernst: are we in a quorum call? the presiding officer: no. ms. ernst: mr. president, july 20 marks the 50th anniversary of the first step man took on the moon. for that brief moment, all mankind stood united watching an awesome spectacle transpire few would have imagined possible
just years earlier. it stands as one of the greatest achievements in the history of mankind. and it cemented the united states as the world leader in science, technology, and discovery. in 1961 when president kennedy boldly challenged the nation to land a man on the moon and return him safely to earth by the end of the decade, the technology needed to do so, for the most part, didn't even exist. that we accomplished this monumental goal is a testament to american ingenuity and innovation. in fact, some of the very technology developed for the apollo mission is still having a positive impact on the lives of iowans nearly half a century later. our first responders wear
fire-resistant textiles developed for the use in apollo spacesuits. our communities rely on water purification technology designed for the apollo spacecraft. and our soldiers in the field depend on the m.r.e.'s -- or meals ready to eat -- created to safely feed neal armstrong, buzz aldrin and michael collins on their half-million-mile journey to the moon and back. in my libby, who is a cadet at west point, was recently sharing some -- and we'll just say some very strong opinions about these m.r.e.'s, but maybe she'll feel differently when i tell her this was actually food for astronauts. but in all seriousness, when the
government makes wise and sound investments in the development of emerging technology, the benefits can be tremendous. g. p. s. is an example of this. g. p.s. originally has its roots in the military with a strong air force stewardship and its significance only continues to grow with the advancements of satellites and the development of drones. but g. p.s. has evolved beyond just military use. it impacts the everyday lives of iowans from driving directions and ride share services to the electric power grid, g.p.s. is utilized by businesses and consumers across the country. this important technology supports new and emerging applications, including water quality, driverless vehicles,
and precision agriculture. it is estimated that civilian and commercial access to g.p.s. added $90 billion in annual value to the u.s. economy in 2013. examples like these demonstrate why it's so important that this body and our nation as a whole continue to push the envelope when it comes to science, technology, and discovery. and that's exactly what senate republicans have been doing. as chairman of the senate armed services subcommittee on emerging threats and capabilities, i have made it a priority to ensure the united states remains the world leader in the development of artificial intelligence or a.i. from novel defensive capabilities and data analysis to the predictive maintenance of military hardware, there's no
overstating the value of a.i. to our national security. i also fought to assure the recent bill prioritized the continued development of advanced manufacturing techniq techniques otherwise known as 3-d printing. look no further than rock island arsenal which employs so many of my fellow iowans. they're doing some truly innovative work in this arena, work that has the potential to transform the way we supply our men and women in uniform. as a former company commander overseeing supply convoys in a war zone, i know personally how important this is. and of course there's a consensus on both sides of the aisle that we can do more to get our students, especially young girls, excited about futures in stem and steam. i hope we can work together to advance that effort in the near
future. after all, the moon landing could have never happened without the contributions of thousands of women from across the nation. these unsung heroes did everything from developing apollo's on board software to weaving the copper wire for the spacecraft's guidance system. as we mark the 50th anniversary of the apollo 11 moon landing, there will be countless commemorations and tributes to this monumental event. we'll look back on president kennedy's bold call to action, the hundreds of thousands of hardworking american men and women who answered that call, and the three heroes who rode apollo 11 to the moon and back. and then in that same spirit, we'll turn our gaze to the future, to the innovation, to
the technology, and to the discovery. and be it here on earth or out amongst the stars, the united states will continue to lead the way as we look to take that next great step for mankind. thank you, mr. president. a senator: mr. president? the presiding officer: the senator from mississippi. mrs. hyde-smith: mr. president, i am pleased to join my colleagues in commemorating the 50th anniversary of american astronauts becoming the first humans to walk on the moon. 50 years ago the united states met one of the biggest
challenges it had ever set for itself. through determination, hard work, invention, and innovation, the united states fulfilled president kennedy's vision to reach the moon before the end of the 1960's. i remember that time very well. july 16, 1969, was my dad's 37th birthday. we were vacationing in florida at the spyglass inn on the beach. we were so excited to be close to merit island, florida, where apollo 11 was being launched. we were in our hotel room watching the television. that is one vacation i will never forget. i remember as a young girl watching those first astronauts step foot on the moon. it was with great awe that i watched the apollo 11 lift off from the earth and the lunar module land safely on the surface of the moon. with a lot of amazement, i
watched neil armstrong and buzz aldrin as they announced the eagle has landed. and then take those first brave steps on the moon. and it was with great pride that i watched them plant the american flag on the moon. today those brave nasa astronauts of the apollo program continue to serve as an inspiration that we are capable of anything we set our minds to. equally important is the reminder that those astronauts could not have reached the moon without the support of thousands of men and women both in nasa and in the aerospace industry. it is a reminder that we are at our best when we work together. while nasa's mission has changed and evolved over the last 60 years, the aerospace industry continues to play a vital role in our quest for knowledge and
america's national security mission. in my home state of mississippi, we are very proud of the conspicuous roles our citizens play in our nation's space exploration and endeavors. since the earliest days of america's space program, mississippi has played an important role in the quest to explore the stars. for more than 50 years, the john c. stennis space center in hancock county, mississippi, has dutifully tested and approved nasa's largest rocket engines including the saturn 5 rockets that took our astronauts to the moon and later the engines for the space shuttle program. today stennis is testing engines for nasa's space launch system which we again take humans below -- beyond the earth's orbit and i am pleased that much like in the apollo days, mississippi has
an important role in the s.o.s. program. as we are fond of reminding everyone, the road to space goes through mississippi. however, stennis isn't only known for its rocket testing to support nasa missions. it also proudly bears the title the federal city. and one of the federal government's best places to work with a 13,800 acre surrounded by a 125,000 acre buffer zone, it has allowed dozens of our federal and private sector tenants to take advantage of its unique isolation and security to serve our nation's interest across many sectors, perhaps most notably in the field of oashing on geography and meteorology. the meteorological and oceanographic modeling and forecasting capabilities that stennis provide naval commanders with the information they need
to make good decisions that affect the safety of ships and sailors around the world every single day. the navy's largest supercomputer is located at stennis. the unique federal city of stennis space center covers exploration from the bottom of the ocean to the far reaches of the universe. it is america's largest rocket test complex, an impressive tsunami and weather bie bowie protection site and special personnel conduct highly advanced river rain and jungle training using cutting edge unmanned systems technology. stennis also houses several private initiatives such as aerojets, rocket engine assembly facility, lockheed-martin mississippi space and technology center, a rolls-royce test facility, and relativity space. the national and international
scope of work taking place at stennis every day creates a local direct economic impact of nearly $600 million and nearly a billion dollars in global impact. as we mark this 50th anniversary, i am pleased that stennis space center is helping to inspire, encourage, and prepare students to pursue science technology, engineering, and math-related careers, the talents we will need to get to mars and beyond. since its inception, more than 60 years ago, nasa has pioneered scientific discovery and captivated the nation. these capabilities are especially important in today's world where innovation and fostering an interest among our youth in science, technology, mathematics and engineering fields are vital to the united states continuing to be a success in this world.
i am proud that mississippi plays a vital role in our nation's work to meet the technological challenges of today and tomorrow. this work occurs not only at stennis space center but also at so many other related businesses across the state of mississippi. the people of mississippi look with pride at our role in the united states reaching the moon 50 years ago, and we will look forward to the decades ahead when the testing, technology and innovation taking place in our state helps the american space program reach new monumental achievements. mr. president, i believe the 50th anniversary of the apollo 11 moon landing can and should inspire generations of people around the world to explore and push the boundaries of what they believe possible.
a senator: mr. president? the presiding officer: the senator from north dak dak. a senator: thank you. i'm honored to join my colleagues to commemorate this incredible anniversary. 58 years ago in may of 1961, the year that i was born, president john f. kennedy appeared before congress and boldly declared that the nuns would send an american to the moon before the end of the decade. mr. cramer: no small task obviously. programs had to be funded. scientific advancements had to be made. foreign adversaries had to be kept at bay. as the head of nasa's space task force group said, quote, flying a man to the moon required an enormous advance in the science of flight in a very short time. but president kennedy was not deterred. ignoring conventional wisdom and the ever present naysayerers he pressed on and so did the patriotic americans that were charged with making this happen. a few years later, nasa began their apollo missions and the
necessary scientific advancements became reality. in october of 1968 apollo 7 became the first apollo mission in space and conducted the very first live tv program of a united states spacecraft. apollo 8 launched two months later and successfully orbited the moon. apollo 9 carried the first lunar module into orbit in march of 1969 and we were getting closer. apollo 10 launched in may and was a full dress rehearsal for the apollo 11 mission. they were successful. we were ready. so 50 years ago yesterday, neil armstrong, buzz aldrin and michael collins launched the apollo 11 mission to fulfill president kennedy's promise. they were landing on the moon. that week my 8-year-old self and an estimated 650 million of my closest friends from around the world watched neil armstrong land on the moon and plant our nation's flag. he offered the famous phrase that's one small step for man,
one giant leap for mankind. mr. president, that giant leap was a monumental moment in history for sure and it didn't happen in the abstract. it was the result of hundreds of years really of scientific discovery and decades of work from countless public servants who doted their lives to this cause. apollo 10 gave apollo 11 the confidence that the operation would be successful. apollo 7 gave us the opportunity to see their success with our own eyes. apollo 1 astronauts in a fatal 1967 tragedy gave their lives to this mission. that giant leap happened because of the small steps taken before it and those who took that giant leap are pressing on even today. scientific discovery and space exploration made possible of those missions continue to this day including the -- my great state of north dakota. just a few years after the moon landing the university of north dakota's john odegaard asked
buzz aldrin to come to our state to help us start a space education program within the university of north dakota and buzz aldrin said yes. he left of course the state ultimately but the program stayed. and it grew. today students from across the globe enroll in the university of north carolina to learn about the cutting-edge technologies and scientific breakthroughs in space exploration. some of the recent endeavors provide vital insights for future explorations, including for a mission to mars. mr. president, north dakotans don't just learn. they get involved. some even become astronauts. new rockford's own james buckley joined nasa in 1979 and six years later became the first north dakotan to go to says. he's now in the -- to go to space. he is a he anow in the u.s. astronaut hall of fame. then tony england launched into space six months later. england's career is marked by his work 15 years earlier at
mission control, where he and others heard the committing words "houston, we have a problem." england's team helped save the lives 6 those on the apollo 13 mission that day. then jamestown's rick heed launched into space three times starting in 1991. in the 1994 graduate karen nyber go was the first to launch into space as a woman. she did it in 20 is 13 and now serves on the board of the university of north dakota school of arrow space foundation giving back to their alma party. northnorth dakotans leave a marn the world of space exploration. the university of north dakota touts over 100 students taking graduate classes in the department of space studies and they have handed out nearly 800 mastert of science degrees in space studies since the program began. i'm optimistic about the roles these leaders will play in the
futurement, following the leads of buzz aldrin. i was only eight years old during the apollo mission. i found it to be an exhilarating experience. but i know i didn't fully grasp the importance of what i was watching that day. i worry, mr. president, that sometimes many people still don't. space was, is, and will be integral to our way of life and we must be able to maintain our technological and military edge in this important domain. i hope we use this anniversary an an opportunity to reaffirm our commitment to space exploration and to remind ourselves of the impact investments made today can have on orphism future. along the way perhaps we can reunify that american spirit that was so prevalent 0en that day 50 years ago and perhaps even give inspiration to aspiration once again. i yield.
mr. wicker: mr. president? the presiding officer: the senator from mississippi. mr. wicker: if the gentleman from north dakota was here to speak about apollo 11 and got here a moment or two before me, i'd be happy to yield to him. mr. hoeven: i thank the good senator from mississippi. the presiding officer: the senator from north dakota. mr. hoeven: this was a tremendous feat for our country. the recognition of this true american triumph, i'm cosponsoring a senate resolution celebrating the 50th anniversary of the moon landing. our resolution recognizes the vision of president kennedy and the hard work and the ingenuity of the men and women of nasa who made it possible for our nation to achieve what seemed to be an impossible goal at the time. like many americans, i can still
remember the excitement at seeing the american flag planted on the moon and hearing neal armstrong say the famous line, quote, that's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind. end quote. and truly it was a giant leap. nasa not only helped develop technologies to put astronauts on the mornings but these technologies have benefited industries, including our military, medical field, energy, and many others. we all know nasa is a premier center for scientific research and technological advancement. it's important to remember that nasa's mission includes not only space but also aeronautics. like our nation did during the space race, we are now working to stay at the forefront of new technologies, including unmanned aerial systems. in particular, i want to highlight the research nasa is doing right now in support of
unmanned aviation. nasa is designing an unmanned air traffic management system that will provide air traffic control for unmanned aircraft operations. this traffic management project is critical to unlocking the potential of unmanned aviation from package delivery to pipeline inspections. nasa is at the forefront of this effort to make unmanned flight safe and efficient for a multitude of operators. north dakota works right along with nasa towards this goal with a u.a.s. test site that is helping advance all aspects of unmanned aviation. in fact, they were recently selected by the if a to hold an un-- f.a.a. to hold an unmanned traffic pilot program and develop a strong partnership with nasa to research, develop,
and demonstrate this technology. i continue to support funding for unmanned traffic research because i'm confident that nasa, with the help of its industry partners as well as our test site in north dakota, will meet this complex technological challenge. by making a relatively small investment in unmanned traffic management research today, nasa is going to help unlock billions of dollars in economic activity in the not-too-distant future. we've work $hard to ensure that ensure that north dakota is an important part of exploring this new nasa frontier, and we're thrilled to help realize the wide variety of benefits that unmanned aviation will bring in making our nation more prosperous and secure, and we can only imagine where we'll be 50 years from today. with that, mr. president, i yield the floor to the great senator from the great state of
mississippi. the presiding officer: the senator from wisconsin. mr. wicker: -- the presiding officer: the senator from mississippi. mr. wicker: well, i thank my friend from north dakota, and i thank all of the people who've arranged for this special recognition -- who have will the snore yield for a unanimous consent request? mr. wicker: i would be happy. mr. inhofe: i would ask unanimous consent that following the remarks from the senator of mississippi, i be recognized for such time as i ma consume. the presiding officer: without objection. mr. wicker: thank you, mr. president. and thank you, senator inhofe, my chairman. it's really hard to believe that the first moon landing was 50 years ago when is in fact 50 years ago today three americans were on their way to the moon. neal armstrong, buzz aldrin, and michael collins had the honor of
actually meeting with buzz aldrin just the other day, shaking his hand and being able to listen to his perspectives about what has happened in the last 50 years. what a great american. and i would also honor the names at this moment of neal armstrong and michael collins. while neal armstrong and buzz aldrin got to step foot on the moon, michael collins' assignment was to stay in the vehicle and orbit solo above. it was not at all guaranteed that his two colleagues would get back. we certainly thought we had the technology. we thought we could do it, and indeed would did. but it was was not a given.
michael collins wrote during that lonely flight while his two colleagues were walking on the face of the moon, i am absolutely isolated from any known life. i am it. if a count were taken, the score would be 300 billion plus two on the other side of the moon and one plus god knows what on this side. the words of american hero michael collins. these three men were separated from the rest of humanity, but they certainly were not alone. hundreds of millions of people watched and prayed and gave them their best wishes. it's hard to believe -- i still have to pinch myself to think that i was a freshman in college for this moonwalk and that was 50 years ago. how could 50 years have passed
by so quickly? you know, mr. president, men and women have always looked up at the night sky and seen their heroes in the constellations. now we still look up at the sky, and we see our heroes. but among them are astronauts who go to the stars and return and will go to the moon and to mars and return. i want to salute the people who've done it before and the people who are making plans to put a man and woman on the face of the moon within five years. i was so honored to charity -- to chair a hearing just this morning featuring nasa administrator bridenstine, who has put forward a bold, bold
proposal from the trump administration, which has moved the deadline up from ten years to five years. and indeed, i can tell you, it is the goal of nasa and it is the goal of this united states senate and the committee which i chair to facilitate making this goal and actually putting a man and woman back on the face of the moon in five years. and then beyond that onto mars. these are ambitious goals which match and rival the ambition of president kennedy, who announced this plan in 1961. and credit goes to president johnson, who took up the cause after the assassination of president kennedy. president nixon, a republican, succeeding two democrats, who saw it to fruition in 1969. i am proud to salute all of the people -- some nameless, faceless people who are not
famous -- for their role this in magnificent accomplishment. i'm proud to say that mississippians were among the first to answer president kennedy's call. after all, the saturn 5 rocket used for the apollo program was tested at stennis space center in hancock county, mississippi, where we still do almost all of the rocket testing in the united states of america. as warner von brawn, one of the leaders in the united states early space efforts, once said -- and i quote -- i don't know yet what method we will use it get to the moon, but i do know that we will have to go through mississippi to get there. that was true back in the 1960's, and it's true today as we approach the one-fifth mark of the 21st century. we owe so much to the pioneers.
humankind owes so much to the people who answered president kennedy's charge. not only to win the space race -- one country against those cosmonauts of the soviet union -- but also for all of the peaceful results that have come from this. technologies behind c.t. scans came from the space program. intensive care monitoring equipment that saves lives every day around the globe came from the scientific discoveries that were accomplished during our race to the moon. g.p.s., smartphones all have their origins in apollo. the commercial space sector is now valued at more than $400 billion and is reminding all of the power of free enterprise to open up new frontiers.
and clearly that $400 billion will grow over the next decade. perhaps to trillions and trillions of dollars. certainly the writers of "newsweek" were collect when they called the moonshot the best return on investment since leonardo davinci bought him satisfy sketch pad. they were exactly right and this next shot should give us an opportunity also to get our money's worth p. we'll go back to the moon. we'll go on to mars. and so as we celebrate the 50th anniversary, we look toward the future to all the missions that will come and go, and we remind ourselves of this country's common purpose in potential. the moon landing was not the understand end of an age of discovery. it was only the beginning. thank you, mr. preside
about possible abuse of power by president trump and russian interference in the presidential election. live coverage starts at 8:30 a.m. eastern on c-span three, online at c-span.org, or listen on the free c-span radio app. before the hearing, listen to the complete mueller report on c-span.org on your laptop or mobile device. the mueller report audio in search box at the top of the page. here is some of what is coming up tonight on c-span. "q&a" is next. political science professor benjamin ginsberg talks about his book, "what washington gets wrong: the unelected officials
who actually run the government and their misconceptions about the american people." prime minister's questions begins at 9:00, and after that prime minister may gives a speech on the state of politics in the u.k. and abroad. brian: benjamin ginsberg, author of "what washington gets wrong," can you tell us your story that you open up your introduction with? prof. ginsberg: absolutely. this is a true story and those who live in washington have probably heard versions of the story. i was at a dinner party and sitting next to me was a pretty senior hhs executive, someone whom i have known for a long time, very nice person. and she said to me, "well, what