tv National Governors Association Summer Meeting Day 1 - PART 3 CSPAN July 29, 2019 3:19am-4:22am EDT
brought to you as a public service by your cable and satellite provider. >> now, from the national governors association meeting, a discussion on improving opportunities and outcomes for disconnected and marginalized young people. hour.s just over an hello, and welcome to this morning's session. i am governor kate brown from the great state of oregon. i am delighted to be moderating this panel with my colleague, governor ace actions -- governor asa hutchinson, from arkansas. i appreciate everyone joining us today to discuss how we can better serve our young people.
in a time of very difficult transition and challenges for our country, we cannot afford as a society or\ economy -- or an economy to leave any of our young people behind. as many as 5 million young 24 in theween 16 and united states are currently not enrolled in an educational program or in the workforce. i believe we have a responsibility to do everything we can to reach these youth and provide them with avenues of opportunity and on ramps to fulfilling careers. in a lot of cases, there are many barriers to making that happen for these young people, anduding economic mobility providing them with the opportunity for their futures. some of the barriers include
homelessness, poor health outcomes, violence, and of course the criminal justice system. inorgan, we are tackling -- oregon, we are tackling these barriers one by one. i signed a bill this week that changes the way we try and sentence youth, shifting the focus to prevention and rehabilitation. as we all know, youth who spent time in adult prisons are much more likely to reoffend. disparities inic our justice system. young people's brains hold capacity for change and influence. over the years, we saw how this played out in oregon, hundreds of cases. what was key for us is the data. the data really informed our
path moving forward. changing sentencing guidelines bychanging sentencing guidelines for youth offenders, we know communities can be made safer and young people will have the opportunities to make a turnaround in their lives. our guests today will help us explore a number of the solution and learn more about these 5 million young people, and hopefully provide us with strategies we can replicate in our state. i'm going to turn it over to governor hutchinson. gov. hutchinson: thank you, governor brown. thank you for your leadership in oregon on. oregon. in arkansas, we have a low unemployment rate, 3.5%. that means that we don't want anyone disconnected.
we want to move them into the workforce, give them opportunity. there's probably more opportunity today than at any time in terms of employment if we make sure everyone has a connection. i will be introducing our panelists soon. grateful for their leadership. when i became governor, one of the areas of disconnected youth was our foster care children. in arkansas, we had so many children in foster care and yet we did not have foster homes for them. we convened the faith-based community, the nonprofit community, and created an initiative called restore hope. we have been able to increase foster care parent participation by 15%. more parents saying we will join and help with our foster children.
children in foster care have been reduced as well because of some initiatives. money $24 million extra into our foster care system for more caseworkers. we reduced the ratio of toeworkers from 28-1 down 18.7 children per caseworker. these were areas we had to make progress in. ,e looked at our youth services we closed two institutions and moved some of those services to the community so they can have or access to health care and drug treatment counseling as well. one of the things i believe is important is you want disconnected youth to have a chance at a ged.
there's an even greater opportunity to get a high school diploma. we passed a law that allowed an adult to get a high school diploma. someone who might be a single mom with children can go back and get their high school diploma. i applaud goodwill industries which has partnered with us to accomplish that. people can get their high school diploma regardless of their circumstances in life. today, we have the pleasure of being joined by the executive .irector of youth move national , deputy director .f the aspen forum
.nd, john valverde an advocate for youth who is now working in the field of youth engagement to encourage the inclusion of youth voice and policy change, advocating for changes in the health system to include care options for treatment. les manages the work of the opportunity youth forum at is aspen institute, which seeking to scale multiple reconnection pathways that achieve better outcomes and employment for youth who are disconnected from education and work. mr. john valverde is the chief
executive officer of youth build which allows young people who left school without a diploma pathways to jobs, entrepreneurship, other opportunities. ms. bergan, i will turn things over to you first to provide the challenges this population faces. for leadingnk you this conversation and this population of young people who are disconnected. there is an opportunity for us to offer to these youth and young adults. nearly one in eight youth in america between the ages of 16 and 24 are classified in this population of disconnected youth. this means they are not connected formally to an
education opportunity or employment opportunity, and that they require some skill building in order to lead a successful adulthood. there are many advantages to focusing on this population. this is a health care concern, employment issue, economic development issue. you spent the morning talking about topics that touch specifically this population, and thank you for this time today. i represent youthmove, a national youth driven membership organization dedicated to building leadership and advocacy skills for young people navigating mental health, substance misuse, juvenile justice. we believe, by emboldening these young people to share their lived experience, their stories
of how services we offered them either helped or didn't help them become successful, and sharing those with policymakers like you, we can create successful change. our members are passionate about creating a better future for the next generation of young people. they want to do that by being involved in decisions that shape the policies and decisions in front of. we are work -- in front of us. we are working in an area where the country is interested in the concept of patient centered health care delivery, quality improvement measures that allow us to be more effective with no additional resources. our lens that youth move is, let's do that but through youth voice. let's put young people in the driver seat of their own care and our system's structure. i was a young person who struggled with anxiety and
depression in my high school years, and what i stepped out into the adult world, i left my natural supports behind. i felt -- i found myself facing i found myself pregnant at 19 and now i had to care for myself , but my young daughter that was joining me. i was blessed to have people wrapped around me to help me get back on my feet. i met an educational institution willing to work with me and my alternative education course, and i was provided prenatal and postnatal care designed for teen parents to help empower me become a successful parent.
my story is not common as a young person story. there are those who can't access those services over what was successful and effective but hearing from another young person so these can create moving forward. briefly, young people are so involved in creating opportunity for this population. we have young people creating positive prosocial based programs in communities that they have connection rather than isolation. to experience acceptance instead of stigmatization. we have young people working as youth advisors and youth x words to state agencies, helping community,ars to the
serving as advisors to governors councils and state agency councils across the country. young people are very interested in addressing the silos that exist between the system. a specific example, most of us live in a state where the mental health system is responsible to care up to age 18 or 21 years of age. and then on their birthday, no less, a young person is no longer eligible to have them be successful. there's a cliff between those services in the children's system and what is needed to access the adult system. these are actively asking policymakers to think about how do we intermix and create a bridge between those children and adult services? and matchg person mix to stay with a caring case manager for just a little bit
for --to set up for sex for successful adulthood. one last thing, they are not only joining, but creating a peer workforce. the concept of young people helping their peers is not new, but is now being invested in restorative justice practices within the mental health system. the concept of a peer workforce is there a young person who is recently successfully navigated the social system can turn around and assist another young person and never getting that system. they serve as an advocate, a confident, mentor, and role model that there is hope for a successful future. we have a generation of young people committed to creating a stronger future, and i think the strongest thing we can do is offer them a seat at the table as we design that successful future. that's a feature where young
people will not be experiencing disconnection. thank you. >> thank you very much. i really appreciate you sharing your story. we appreciate your extraordinary leadership. miss miles, over to you. >> it's a real honor to be here. i want to thank governors brown and hutchison for this opportunity. i want to tell you about our work and i want to talk about strategies working across the country to improve education outcomes. before doing so, there are two key points ms. bergen noted i want to underline. the first is how we frame this challenge of disconnected youth matters. our work was born out of the white house counsel solutions. they renamed it youth opportunities because research found its systems disconnected, not the young people. and when you talk to young people about the vision they hold for themselves, their
optimism is palpable. that access frame matters, not only in our language, but programming and policy. the second piece is the civic engagement that young people hold in terms of the ways that which they reconnect to education and careers, and also impact their families and communities. that's key also to have we can think about the programs and policies that improve programs for young people. really quickly, to give you a sense of the work we've been doing the past several years, we've invested in 28 communities across the country. that includes rural, urban, and tribal communities, because we want to make sure baume talk about advancing our most marginalized young people, we are documenting our rural communities and tribal communities getting to better outcomes. we support collaboratives in these 28 places. that means these collaboratives
are bringing the k-12 system, postsecondary system, foster care system, in addition to local philanthropy, elected leadership, so that together with young people at the center, they are able to work on not only problem identification, but solution design. when we heard the types of outcomes governor brown and hutchison talked about, they are able to use cross sector collaboratives to get to better outcomes. to date, we have been able to track not only accelerated system change, now k-12 partnering with post-secondaries, partnering with employers, but also seeing tremendous metric impact, young people attaining secondary credentials. civicritically, the engagement and civic livelihood of our communities continuing to increase and benefit from these young people. so, with that in mind, the two
last things i'd like to say, we believe when we talk about the barriers young people face, when we look at how systems are disconnected, we believe that's the result of policies that created the barriers every young people face today. when we talk about what works and what is most effective to improve outcomes, it is critical we hold that perspective in our minds and since sure strategies -- since sure strategies that put equality at the center. the other piece we talk about is why it's critical to have the people most impacted as a center problem identification and solution design. young people are the experts in what works for them and they are experts in designing solutions that can achieve impact. there are three points i want to make first is to continue to prove -- improve outcomes.
the first, we must make the business case. we must partner with employers to continue to improve not just education, but career outcomes. the second, there are so many policy barriers and opportunities states can move to generate better outcomes. the third piece is thinking about the different ways that we framed the challenge. i want to offer a couple of ways for states to consider framing not just the challenge, but the opportunity that exists to improve outcomes. starting with the business case. data, thatanks to nearly 6 million entry-level jobs will be generated by 2020. we also know, when we look at the issue of retainment in these jobs, particularly retentive meant strategies, we know annually, for example, in the retail sector, there is an
annual cost of $10 million to address the retention challenges for the retail sector. when we talk about what states can do, there is an opportunity for governments to partner with employers, working in real time on hiring strategies to be able to bring some of those solution sets to the national, state level for employers to be able to partner with the local workforce board, for example, or even local employers to bring some of the practices that we've been able to document that are getting to training, upscaling, and retention forever countries young people. it's not only the certifications young people need, that we have seen employers committed to hiring opportunities, look at ways they can provide transportation, health care, some of the wraparound supports we know our young people need to
be successful in the workplace. that's just one example. the other thing is that we know there is bipartisan support for these issues. this is an issue of political resilience because local employers want to work with governors to expand training programs that can meet workforce needs. the last thing i want to say is we know that there are lots of different policies states can leverage. that brings me to my point that we might be able to move together. the workforce opportunity act was reauthorized and this was set specifically for our countries young adults to access training and education necessary in the workforce. however, when we look at who is able to access these resources, we know while its intended is
the marginalized population, only about 3.7% are able to use these dollars. this is a real opportunity for states to what and how they disaggregate who their population is. theyxample, in california, were able to identify only 5% of english language learners was able to access these employment dollars, even though one third of their workforce was foreign-born people. this is an opportunity for states to look at the data to figure out who is our workforce and how to be tap into these state dollars to bring the training and employment skills that are necessary for our young people? the other piece of legislation is that over the past few years, we've been able to allocate $195 million additional in revenue for us to use, but only 8% of these dollars are reaching young people where they live.
so part of our work is to make sure we're partnering with states making investments to support youth programs to help give education skills training that's really important. last thing on policy, we know that education matters. young people need to, as governor hutcherson reminded us, they need secondary education. but we also know to prepare for the future jobs, to prepare for automation of jobs, young people need postsecondary education. there are opportunities to expand funding streams, that not only provide access to college, but with the expansion of it, we can specifically use this legislation at the state level barriers because this legislation brings transportation, health care, and childcare, some of the barriers young people face. want to lift up
his alternative ways to challenges young people experience. so for those of you who may not know, there is a professor at the university of california, john powell, who leads work and research noted at targeted universalism. his research tells us in order to get to outcomes that really improve benefits for our country's most marginalized people, we must set universal goals, whether that's third grade education reading levels, or health care for all. we have to set universal goals and how we want to address our country's challenges, but we must target our strategies so that they really do meet our most vulnerable populations where they are. so when we think about what that means for opportunities, we need to look at justice, foster care. to targetwe need
strategies to meet the unique needs of those populations while looking at how young people can continue to be supportive. earlierr piece i noted is holding equity at the center, being able to look at racial identities, looking at gender identity that we serve, so that we can target our strategy and approach. offer isframe i'll continue to support cross system and cross sector collaboration. here's the thing. complex.engesr are solutions must not only be comprehensive, but they need to be baked into than the complexity of the issues we are working to solve. part of what states can do is support flexibility and waivers that allow different sectors and partners to come together to address these issues. we've seen this success through the partnership pilot, that have
offered states flexibility with her justice dollars can be brought to improve populations. this is a policies can meet people where they live to continue to promote better outcomes. thank you. and ink you very much, appreciate you highlighting the fact we need to put racial and lgbtq, and i'll add equity at the center if we're going to meet the needs of all of our youth. with that, i'll turn it over to mr. valverde. >> thank you for having me here today. really hard to follow my colleagues here and grateful to have colleagues like this who stand with our young people across the country for opportunities for them. i'd like to share a little bit about youth build in order to add to the remarks that have already been made. youth build was founded 41 years
ago, when we ask young people in east harlem if you had adult support, what would you do to improve the community? and young people said we would take back the abandoned buildings, rehabbed them, and create affordable housing. therefore, the name comes from an effort young people saw as a way to improve their communities and make a difference. and i love that element of youth build. disconnectedillion or opportunities in this countries, young people age 16-24. they try to prioritize focusing on the 2.3 million or so of those 5 million who lived in poverty. not paul opportunities fall into the same category. perhaps you might describe some of the youth build students as some of the most vulnerable or
most disadvantaged. but as has been said, we try not to label them in that way and we love the opportunity youth said, thatt as they they operate an opportunity to the world. if their skills and brilliance and intelligence can be unleashed. but if we give them an opportunity, it improves as as a society. to experienceg at youthhe ground build programs from that one program in east harlem in 1978, a time when the disconnected youth crisis was formerly named. so we're 40 years of trying to address this issue without the success that we know we can have together. sites inwn now to 252 44 states across the country. another 60 or so around the world.
so youth build has become this global movement to address this issue. and we're learning from our work on the international side, and we're doing some sharing of information from what we're doing domestically towards happening around the world to improve outcomes for young people. our model is unapologetically comprehensive. young all of you know, people actually do need these wraparound services in order to succeed. five corehas components. we focus on education. the diploma is becoming more common among the network and that's critically important. the second component is the career and vocational and workforce development training. in multipleed careers beyond construction.
we started with construction but we expanded. we also focused on leadership development, the leaders. have the voice, have the solutions to make a difference and impact their communities. we offer life skills components. mentoring,es financial capabilities, substance abuse treatment, and more. on then finally we focus service to the community. and we are extremely grateful to the support that americorps funding and the ceo might be in the audience today, that allows us to provide an opportunity for young people to serve. this is a critically important part in our work and our models. foryoung people, generations, again focusing on these families and communities that are most impoverished, for
generations have been recipients or beneficiaries of public assistance or service. csough americorps and cs funding, our young people are able to become the providers of service to their community. and at the end, receive an education award, without which they could not even imagine the possibility of going to college. model,this, that core are adaptable all over the world. opioid epidemic, human trafficking, which was discussed this morning. some of our programs, 100% homeless students. so we're addressing all the social challenges that all of you are addressing across the country. this is very, personal for me. when i was 20 years old, i made
a terrible decision that resulted in my incarceration. i served 16 years in prison for my crime. i wasi was incarcerated, able to access education, career training, leadership development skills, life skills support, and the opportunity to serve and give back to the community inside the prison. i just described the youth build model, as human or. -- as you know. and although i'm not a graduate, i am an example of the power. youth build is a second chance program, second chance for homeless young people, young people who have had substance misuse challenges, young people who have dropped out of school, young people who have suffered in poverty and trauma and experienced violence of all kinds. but youth build is this faith-based break space for young people to create the next
greatest version of themselves with the support of adult. experiencemazing that can be for young people, i'm humbled to say i'm the first formerly incarcerated ceo of a nonprofit with a global mission. [applause] thank you. however, i think that means little if the young people of youth build don't believe that anything is possible for them with adult support and with programs like youth build. and if society doesn't believe in genuine second chances. so i'm grateful for the opportunity to be part of the youth build movement across the world that's impacting young people, and i'm excited to share
more about the ways we're working with governors and states to work with coalitions across the country to create this network and web of powerful experiences for young people to transform their lives. thank you very much. >> thank you. [applause] that governor hutchison and i are dying to ask you millions of questions, but we have a group of governors here that we want to have participate, as well. i want to turn it over to governor evers from wisconsin. thanks for joining us today. >> thanks a lot, and what a great panel. >> holy smokes. >> holy smokes is right. and thanks both governors for your leadership. 42-year veteran of the state of education in wisconsin. and disconnected youth. i hate to put it in this fashion, but when i was a high thatl principal, people
hung out in corners smoking where the disconnected youth. what's best for our kids is best for our state and best for our country. so i'm going to talk about two things, one that we've been successful at and one that's frankly troubling beyond belief. the success is on the prevention side. our state has invested, on a bipartisan basis, significant resources for kindergarten. we have it almost universally in our state, and just a handful of holdouts. and we believe those are wise investments. in fact, it continues to grow every single year. know, and allso of us in this room know, when children, especially littlest
kids, are exposed to extreme poverty, it's significant. so the programming is important. we're working hard to make sure that every little kid has that opportunity and we're getting there. but additionally, one of the success stories is we've been able to double the mental health funding for behavioral health funding for elementary and secondary kids. and our littlest kids, too. it's not that every kid that has mental health issues is going to become disconnected, but it certainly is a precursor for a lot of children moving forward, and special education, which we've been able to fun at a higher level than ever before on a bipartisan basis. so, prevention is important. connecting the dots is
important, as i think everyone of the speakers talked about. the area that keeps me awake at night more than probably anything else is the issue of juvenile justice reform, any justice reform is obviously important. but i had the opportunity my first week in office, visiting our juvenile prison. and that's what it is, in northern wisconsin. and it was a controversial piece where, many years, young people there were at war with each other. and i came away with lots of ideas, but the most important thing is i came with young people who, many of them have done significantly at things, they're still kids. they're still kids. and so our state is purging ourselves of this notion that we need to punish, and moving these
young people back into their hometowns and into their neighborhoods, getting the mental health treatment that they deserve, getting that second chance that you talked about. and i think that is -- even though it's a small and, but it's a very important small and because retribution has little place in our world and these young people, especially those that are caught up into the justice system -- either way, i'll need to make sure they have their rehabilitation services and mental health services they need. and i'm so far having bipartisan support on that effort, so thank you so much. >> thank you so much for so eloquently walking through what keeps you up at night. these are also the things that keep me up at night, as well. i wanted to start with you lifting up universal pre-k as
part of the prevention strategy. part of what i want to of her up is what we see nationally, and i think many people call the two generation approach. the reason why universal pre-k is so important is because young adults on the margins of trying to reconnect education, trying to get on a second chance to career outcomes, not only do they need adequate childcare, they also need their child to receive the highest quality education because what we know from the research is that that early childhood education puts them on the path to disrupt multigenerational poverty. i would argue it's the coupling of not only making pre-k universally available, but how programs are able to marry that with the ged programming states have for adults, and high school completion programs, and even community colleges have a role to play in trying to couple both.
access to universal pre-k for young people while helping the parents get back on a path to attaining a secondary credential and making contributions. because when you are looking at how to move generations, more than one generation out of poverty, it has the greatest opportunity to be successful and impactful. so that's one. the other thing is the role that trauma plays, and i think limiting outcomes for young adults, especially. one of the things we have seen nationally work and be very effective, back to how we frame the challenges young people face, is how we move from trauma informed care to healing centered practices and approaches. what do i mean? what i mean is when you talk to young people who have experienced significant trauma, more than one or two aces in their life, they say the truth is i'm so much bigger than the trauma i experienced.
when i have this opportunity to get on a meaningful path, opportunity for a second chance, which both my panelists eloquently spoke to, the impact i'm really about both the and help that young people need to civic activation and participation that young people are able to tap into and act as hey can make progress in the i really want to speak to this juvenile justice piece. i started my career actually teaching in the justice system for the state of massachusetts specifically in boston. if you are an african-american male without a high school more likely to end up in the ustice system.
about prison, federal prison. that means that 70% more likely without high school education to end up in our country's prison system. what is that mean? that means that we have opportunities to expand things like health funding but it also means that the restorative justice practices are so critical. he talked about retribution. not only do i want to be able to amend what happened for this person who may have experienced harm but restorative justice practices for that person and for that person's family as well and the last thing we worked on a lot of our alternatives to incarceration. we heard some of this from the governors as well but looking at how instead of young people sort of bbanything from unpaid bills
citations for missing school, how do we actually organize to do the advocacy that says that we are no longer going to allow these types of penalties to create both pipelines into prisons for young people while we are meaningfully designing programs actually alternatives to incarceration for our countries young adults. thank you. if i could add some on the groundwork. thank you very much for your support of youth build in your state. you have a powerful network that believes in young people and second chances. i had a chance to visit some of the programs and it's amazing to see what's possible when there is this level of commitment. in addition to what has already been said. and you know this. i'm encouraged but also want to keep an eye onhis focus on neuroscience really recognizing that the young brain is not fully developed until 25. i will be 50 this year is probably not fully developed in me yet either. really recognizing that they are children. we have experienced in youth build throughout our network here in this country about one third of the young people had criminal justice involvement.
the second chance frame is a powerful frame. i totally agree trauma informed care is not enough, critically important not enough. we are beginning to do distorted justice initiatives throughout our network making it part of the culture of youth build. i want to add the element of love which isn't often sad because it's mushy and, what is love? we recognize that love is not nough. if a young person feels that someone cares about them, believes in them, the young person starts to trust that person. if the young person trust that person, they start to share heir pain, their trauma, their challenges, if they begin to let those things go, they can actually heal and if there is a restorative healing frame within the program that can be accelerated.
that really supports the young person development and transformation. lastly i will say, today in southern california we have a resource fair with our southern los angeles collaborative for the juvenile justice system there. youth build operates some of our programs operate within the juvenile justice system and many of our programs obviously support the reentry of young people returning to their communities. but we are also serving as diversion program an alternative to incarceration and would like to do more of that we believe that our work and people like us who support young people in this way could be transformed in communities and the system. thank you. there's one thini want to add. love is the core value. i think it anchors our hope and elp stupidly direct a vision for what we can collectively accomplish together. but i would also argue that empathy is just as important as love. to the point about brain science research i think there are lots of people that are given second
work together. the proof is in the pudding. other governors committee governor herbert. >> i think this is a very important subject. thank you for your testimony and counsel in us today. the things we want to teach them about, honesty, integrity, civic involvement, supportive country, be involved. what are we talking about? are we talking about the prevention side when it comes to parenting and something we sometimes feel like is that
something government should be involved with? >> who would like to tackle that question? >> i could start. what was coming up as we were all talking today is the question of what is prevention. if we do the five why activity and keep asking why is this happening. at each level i feel like there's another opportunity to define that's prevention. initially as you started speaking i started thinking about the role of addressing mental health supports in our education system. as a very important place for young people to show up and be safe and brave if they are provided the support they need they may be able to be safe and brave in the school day when they ate aren't able to be safe and brave in their own community. prevention side when it comes to parenting and something we
sometimes feel like is that something government should be involved with? >> who would like to tackle that question? >> i could start. what was coming up as we were all talking today is the question of what is prevention? if we do the five why activity and keep asking why is this happening. at each level i feel like there's another opportunity to define that's prevention. initially as you started speaking i started thinking about the role of addressing mental health supports in our education system. as a very important place for young people to show up and be safe and brave if they are provided the support they need they may be able to be safe and brave in the school day when they ate aren't able to be safe and brave in their own community. bringing that type of language and support to school would end up being a form of prevention for young people becoming disconnected in their teen years. you are challenging us to go even deeper into really the ntersection of intergenerational trauma this is a multi generational problem and i think monique you spoke very
eloquently to that idea of meeting the need of a child and the need of a parent the same time. we have many young people who say that part of their growing up responsibility was caring for their parents mental health needs. so how do we as leaders feel about that. that should not at the end of the day be a young person's responsibility. i think they're a very unique opportunities for us to ask children and youth what their families need. and to ask parents what they need and really have a by parallel approach in that. it's a really good point. >> i would ab and the prevention side i work is primarily on the intervention side. it is to design early warning system so we can mediate when we can see young people are getting off track. that includes everything from tracking credit entertainment for people so they're not over
age and under credited. figuring out in real time as soon as the school system is not working what is the alternative path look like. when i talked about supporting cross system cross sector collaboratives i would say that probably 75% of our work is on the intervention side but 25% of visit on the prevention time so what we recognize that we will continue to lose all the young people at some point we have to o back and turn off the valve. so most of our work is 100% revention. that's where we aim to get in terms of supporting communities across the country. we are working with school systems all across the united states to help build early warning systems with k-12 hools so they are able to really be proactive and help young people demonstrating signs of getting off track the other thing i would say is that in supporting the community collaboratives cross system cross sector partnerships i talked about
earlier there are some communities i was recently in a rural community in texas the community wasn't willing to come to the table to talk about strategies to support disconnected young people unless he parents were in the room. the conversation centered the parents and the young people together talking about how the strategy would meet to employ the two generation focus in order to effectively move young people. there is nothing we could do for the students if we were not also doing something for the parents. context matters. everyplace is different but for us to be able to effectively support cross system cross sector collaboratives we know in some communities, it is a non-starter to talk about reconnecting young people without holding position for what it means to bring parents to the table as part of the strategy. >> thank you. i'm going to go to governor pritzker. last question before we close out this session. >> i want to make a comment and
then ask for reaction by the panel but it's a reaction to governor herbert comment in uestion. about prevention. because first i want to commend you here in the state of utah actually when before i was governor in the private sector i was also involved for a couple of decades in the early childhood education xpanding opportunities for providing services to children 0 to 5 particularly the most disadvantaged and here in utah under your leadership early childhood is really grown significantly. i want to commend you i know your wife does a lot of the work in the area with parents. early childhood to me on the prevention side is usually important aspect is treating, i don't know if that's the right word but parenting and providing
them education while we are also providing the resources that children need in the very early years on visitation and early intervention programs. and preschool. i find as governor looking at the biggest most challenging issues here are in my department of children family services the children most in need who have the biggest challenges the parents have the biggest challenges. there is a desire to keep parents and children together even when you have situations of neglect that are reported. substance abuse and mental health treatments are a huge percentage of the issues of intact families. guess i'm going to the panel. the question of when you think about prevention you talked about mental health services for children who are coming out or
at the very end tail end of being served by the state but i also think it's a parent issue too, mental health needs treatment needs and substance abuse treatment needs i guess i'm throwing it back to you to get your reaction to what should we be doing to make sure those services are available to both o children and the adults. what have you seen that works well, recognizing we have limited resources but know that we need to address these challenges in our states. >> go ahead. >> thank you for the question governor. i think there is something to the two generational approach. as you noted. just to continue with all the ground lands from youth build. we have young people who are a part of families who have generational gang involvement. you are expected to join at whatever age in your life and as
i mentioned we focus on the half of the 5 million that are most impoverished. many of the young people can't even imagine going to college or can't even knowledge of career how we break that has to include the two generation approach. youth build does an adaptable model can have parenting classes many of our young people at 17 are parents of course you know his. nd they are able to leverage the support because it's not that magically at the age of 18 any young person is. necessarily ready to enter society how do we figure out a way to seek what support to
maybe scaffold support through the systems so that young adults can get onto the paths while also helping children as well. >> unfortunately we are out of time. would love to continue this onversation forever. governor hutchinson, one last take away. >> the overarching take away from all these excellent
presentations is the responsibility we have as governors. they are young people that have challenges no responsibility of their own. we have a response ability to address that. the other thing each of you mentioned you mentioned youth engagement. we as governors have to figure ut ways to listen to our young people make sure we are meeting their needs. in making sure thank you for your inspiration and the emphasis on the response ability we have. texas is an example of another state that passed legislation to say these education dollars will
follow a young person until age 6. some of the work that states can do is looking at ways they can increase some of this support so young people don't fall off of hese proverb ya'll cliffs. how do we figure out a way to sequence support and scaffold support through our systems so that young adults can get on these paths and help their children as well. >> unfortunately we are out of time. i would love to tchont conversation forever. governor hutchinson, one last takeaway. for me, the overarching
takeaway from all of these presentations are the responsibilities we have as governors. these are youth. young people that have got challenges that in most circumstances are not a responsibility of their own. we have a responsibility to address that. the other thing that each of you mentioned. you mentioned youth engagement. you mentioned civic engagement and john you talked about service. we governors have to figure out ways that we can listen to our young people and make sure we're meeting their needs and making sure that they have the greatest opportunities. thank you for your inspiration and the sneeblet we have. >> thank you. i think for me, i could respond with many things but really important to maintain a cross system, cross sector clabravet and collective approach if we're going to -- collaborative and
>> the national governor's association held its annual meeting in salt lake city. in this portion, governor steve seminarof montana led a on job creation. this is just over an hour. >> good morning. good morning, governors, distinguished international businesses. industry. industry.demia, the federal government. philanthropies and civil society. welcome to the 2019 summer meeting of the nation's governors here in beautiful salt lake city, utah. to once -- pleased