tv Doc Film - Kenyas Forgotten Children Deutsche Welle September 22, 2017 3:15am-4:00am CEST
the nationalists are on the rise with wind to make your contract great again and that is their slogan their focus sure nation first i am taking more trips to highlights different shades of nationalism and to find out what the nation need to use. to share your story and join the conversation if you want to tell me you on twitter on the facebook.
i will be. you either of my from nancy. nancy evelyn and celia longingly waited for this day for four years. their mother is being released from prison florence was sentenced to six years in jail for a minor offense that's not uncommon in kenya it's a country where people have no legal security and the state acts in arbitrary ways . it's frequently children like nancy evelyn and cilla who are the victims of this arbitrary state action. in this case it was really heartbreaking
because their mother was arrested and when she was arrested she was in the house the children we are in school and when they came they didn't find the mother. the mother disappeared and nobody knew where she was a traumatic experience particularly for nancy the eldest. kenya the one time african model country isn't able to look after its children it leaves this job to international aid organizations billions of dollars in aid are invested in the country. but how can these funds improve the conditions in the country long term if the people are too poor to help themselves and others are not going to use trying. to take up the children. they're in and who have been convicted so they're not we didn't pick up that but
they're supporting the kid and i think often even treat them not all of them but for most of them because i mean you have to take care of the upkeep of the children to school fees and they didn't and the general being of these keeps. florence's relatives also left the children to their fights it was unbearable for their mother who was pregnant at the time. but none of that matters anymore at last she's allowed home with her daughter who was born in prison. on the day of her release the prison officer in inmates one florence to address the . round of applause to encourage her thank. you i don't have much to say except that i'm well i want to ask you to continue to pray for me i'm going out to start a new life and i need your prayers. to. thank
. nancy evelyn and wait patiently until they can at last embrace their mother and their little sister all three of them had mixed feelings because the reunion goes hand in hand with their departure from the nest which took them in when nobody else was there for. the nest is a unique emergency charity for children whose mothers are sent to jail it's funded by foreign donations the baby ward takes in children whose mothers neglected and abused the men. young women in kenya are overwhelmed by the daily struggle for survival. the older children live in the nest home in limbo too while their mothers are in prison céline nancy and evelyn have had hot meals here every day they've gone to school
and felt love and affection a stroke of good fortune for the children because the state doesn't take care of them. obama other half sister of the former u.s. president returned to kenya after studying sociology in germany as an expert in development aid she has set up her own foundation south cool to find solutions to achieve lasting change in the country she knows the limitations of the system. yeah i did you too it's nice if the government does nothing or almost nothing that's because of mismanagement of the system structure is poorly managed if you say ok let's help these children and this orphanage then you have to realize there's not just the ones there are hundreds in the country hundreds in nairobi alone and if the government had to contribute to every one of these children it would be on its
knees kinda by yet i'm convinced that to give mr what is the african union fund. welfare state is not part of the kenyan vocabulary people have to fend for themselves they have to take care of that own lives and usually that just means man survival. kenyans work in the informal economy keeping afloat with non-registered small businesses countless street vendors kiosk gun as and servants work illegally bypassing the state the state generally tolerates them but takes arbitrary action against them to on predict. police controls often lead to prison particularly for those who are too poor to pay a bribe the. fear impotence and violence dominated country that was once a model for the whole of africa a whole society is being brutalized is a cause as it were to you it is it is
a devoted to this dark situation this violent survival situation results in very harsh things that come from frustration. does count that people don't know how to lead their lives they are desperate because they have no money. they can't afford to have a child and they don't know what to do on vices was his tools was. for sixty years luisa ratan maya a nun from the varia has been fighting for every single african child that comes to her at first it was child soldiers from sudan then aids orphans during the peak of the epidemic in kenya in the early two thousand. now she provides a home for many children abandoned by society neglected forgotten abused and mistreated children. to help them even though danger and fear get game
nobody had to go and i gave the lord the little finger and he took the whole of hand then he said you're useful to me and i thought i would do a small thing and then it all added up and i saw the need and wanted to help i prayed that we would get the money to do it and we always got some sometimes it took a long time but we got it. right i was just becoming. the seventy six year old nun visits the orphanage of santa monica only rarely these days she's sick and frail the years of working in development i'd have taken a. look in there who. is merely by your. three years ago yeah she has can own.
a home five years ago mary was abused by her mother's boyfriend six years old at the time she fled to the streets of two jobs stayed alive by eating rubbish and slept in empty market stores at night and. many children in kenya share this fate they live in unsafe places and are exposed to constant violence. a terrible superstition has spread in kenya that sex with children is aids. the african nation. the african children struggle to talk about it they bury it all inside my feed you can see in their eyes that they're crying but they hardly talk about it they were raised this way. you hardly ever hear anyone complaining even if they haven't eaten in two days. they still greet you with
a smile. grows in the human eye the name of. a boy from the santa monica ofen age who also came from the streets knows exactly how dangerous life there is. he helped to six year old mary and took it to sister luisa who had built a home for disadvantaged children and teenagers in the affluent outskirts of nairobi. we took her in and gave her a medical exam it turned out that she had been raped and that she was losing your end and wasn't well warnings we thought she might need an operation and you know what i'd say on how. mary got through the operation well she's eleven now thanks to sister luisa she has a future. yes
. yes. yes. and no use the life there isn't. your life you've. got this good. and you're learning when in the world. that's good. when you go after we can be proud of your tough. new minority of us here. kenyans have to pay for their education in two thousand and three the state announced that primary schools would be free. but after that kenyan parent. is have to pay a lot to keep their children in education only the rich can afford all the others the vast majority get no second read you can imagine they remain without any chance
of improving their circumstances children and young people from the slums operative only stuck in the vicious circle of poverty that persists through generations with a population growing explosively and a birth rate of four point two six children per woman an army of children and young people without prospects is growing up. we have to tackle these problems much more aggressively in my opinion we have to call things what they are and we have to have these conversations with people where are you safe and where are your children safe how many children can you feel the husband is gone probably because it's too stressful for him to try and feed his family he fails becomes an alcoholic and the woman says i'll do it myself.
korogocho nairobi's third largest slum it's home to one hundred fifty thousand people who all live below the only rubbish dump for a city with a population of four million they live with and off the rubbish of the rich from the neighboring districts and like vultures look for anything edible one of them's hamilton i he was born in the slum and grew up there. there is no hope for the youth of land of canaan general there is no hope for the future so let me. pass on and does way i'm living at today and i've become a b. . because i was born into leg at thirty two years ago i have gone through
a lot and at some point i was forced to drop out of school because my parents were not able to pay for my secondary school fees after doing my primary level so well and i have no option but to turn at the nearby dumping set of covering for food and for my survival just like many other people do a talented footballer when he was twenty two hamilton had the chance to play at the homeless world cup in south africa it was an experience that changed his life forever he returned strong self-confident and self determined he was determined to change his fate and that of the children in korogocho i believe that education is the best empowerment that we can give to any given child in this world and would say to give them education because we have a scholarship program where we say to to pay their school fees and to which they had to keep them in school because there are so many people who are dropping school and there is covering up the dumping site and they want to give their children are
better education because they believe by getting education we can change our community. together with charities. and can do much land hamilton founded the initiative in the middle of all the drugs and violence using scholarships he managed to get children from the korogocho slum to attend the secondary school and in the afternoons he gives them a protected space in his youth center where they can just be children dancing and playing for. obama has also supported hamilton and his initiatives. he's islams to two hundred. these slum structures are very difficult to manage that was my frustration i wanted to work with these children and give them relief but i wasn't changing their lives and when we started the project they went back to their
cardboard huts that was incredibly difficult for me. that's why you have to integrate part of the program for young people and children with the parents you have to find out what's going on at home and what you can change this monday into here the minimal have house finot vast is knows so how if they're too old for a year and then what maybe they've still not completed school because there's no money for the fees they have no jobs because no jobs are being created by. those who used to be with i.e. era and who are adults now are standing at the side of the road and are selling their peanuts and fish heads and whatever else they're selling in the slums. those born in a slum in kenya end up as vendors along the overcrowded traffic arteries of nairobi from the toxic miasma of the rubbish dump to the toxic emissions on the street
countless kenyan share the same fate. many of them were born in rural regions they come from simple backgrounds they live in next day ended families and have a small plot of land that they cultivate and live off but they leave all that behind and go to nairobi for a better life where there is more work supposedly. their dream of mobility ends in the cities slums. they munich based organization promoting africa has created a rural skills center a pilot project these young people have made it they've completed their apprenticeship and they're trained technicians electricians and tailors they have successfully managed to first step out of the slum and stand good chances of getting a job not least thanks to the charity. either direct or jimmy is
giving his fifth year the sendoff he's part of the generation of kenyans who want to change the situation in the country fundamentally he's a real change maker when you see a young person celebrating that they have graduated when you feel happy because when they when they come here with their parents or their guardians the guardians tell you please be very strict came them with possible be don't allow them to please be careful with them but when they come and find these young man you feel so much all you are not sure is graduating are. these normal people we have the capacity to change principle jimmy colognes it gives ninety students a year the chance of getting an education in the skills center. so twenty three year old esther is one of them she's in her second year of training as a solo technician she's the only woman in her year for. some it is very.
difficult the more you have to reflect right then this would come and whack it up so to make that. softer one or you'll solve those rigs. instead selfless a list of learning more like it does change me just in my life. and my behavior. and hope for me. living and learning in a safe place far away from the dangerous slum. in the skill center young people learn skilled jobs and do work experience in companies it's a dual track system that trains young people in jobs with good prospects. that's very rare in kenya at the moment in addition the students here get food every day
as well as a clean place to sleep. coming from this back up and they call themselves. just the terrorist people doing the wrong things. involve involve themselves to bad behaviors like taking someone things. should be. at least. from that community. during term time as the goes home very infrequently home that's the slum of chalk and there's always a lot of work that awaits their. slum children have to take on responsibility in the home from a young age while their mother tries to earn a few shillings a childhood in kenya and. this is our house the
single mom. six children two six children. it's. just my mom oh. oh. both my sisters and brother in law so we have to feel we have. left when he asked. us. and stream of a white collar job they would love to wear a suit and work in an office in one of nairobi's high rises like in the european soap operas they all watch it soon on amiss with social advancement. but there aren't that many white collar jobs in kenya agriculture tourism and construction as well as all the good old trades all have prospects but they have a poor image. mostly
mentality dimension and a minimalist and it's good that people have to change their mentality they mustn't think i'll go to school and at the end of it i get a job in an office so i just have to sit at a desk and will earn my money that. they should maybe think about learning a trade which they might not like. it might be the second choice if university wasn't an option most people don't do that when they just try to get a job in an office and then they end up working as something. is non-busy or is. back in the women's prison in london the closer the reunion with their mother approaches the quiet say nancy evelyn and become they don't know yet what awaits them on the other side of the prison walls.
but there is reassurance the nest will stay with them through the transition period . i being this. have been visiting her in prison so i have sort of like established at edition. so i am also very happy and looking forward to. giving her back the children for the four years i have been acting like a mediator between the mob and the child but now today finally meet in the a free.
i am. four years without a mother and sister a difficult moment particularly financing. she immediately picks up a little sister and takes on the role of the eldest. two didn't have mixed reactions they are not really very sure how it will be after now they have left a nest because they have no nest for four yes and of course we can swim that after your mommy and leaves prison we prepare a new home. for
fifteen years the founder of the nest. has been fighting tirelessly for those who don't have a lot being kenyan society children. are for friends and the on thing and when we started fifteen years ago the mothers didn't have mattresses there were no mosquito nets no special food for infants and there was no room in which the children could spend time in a child friendly way. there was a room where the babies were lying on the floor and there was a big t.v. camera in a corner and they were watched by another inmate all the. long own children weren't allowed to visit their mothers you were only allowed to come when you were eighteen quietly and steadily we tried to change that and they had only cared for so to end
on. the day after florence's release. why you cry. don't you want your mother here. you don't want to tell me what's going on even though i'm your mother. nancy's very sensitive and being the best she was the one who was left behind to look after these other three so she had she read it to chris bones ability over taking care of their us when she was a child herself and that is the way i think she's sad they are us. the most important part of the nests work starts now bringing
a family back together it takes patience time and money. we're going through days with we really understand the taxes alone we have to pay we have to pay for everything ourselves those are the conditions we have to work in i'm a guest in this country and i have to accept the things as they are we have politicians who steal billions of shillings there's so much corruption every employee of the city government is a millionaire because building permits aren't issues without huge bribes being paid . gagnon's have come to terms with corruption and nepotism the starting point for the. as problematic development was the colonize ation of africa in eight hundred sixty one the europeans divided up the continent paying no heed to tribal borders in one thousand nine hundred five kenya became
a british colony the prize for expanding the country's infrastructure and bringing over settlers was land theft oppression and subjugation hope surged when kenya forced its independence from britain under freedom fighter jomo kenyatta in one nine hundred sixty three but the founder of the state didn't keep his promise is he to enrich himself at the expense of the people. as did his successes in post daniel iraq more like a barky and kenyatta's son who who has been in office since twenty thirteen. they've done the same thing as the colonial powers exploiting and oppressing the people. last of it doesn't leave the colonialism to one side because we're just working on focusing on what we've created this monster i want us to talk about
development aid because we slipped straight from this colonial situation into development aid we said oh the people are poor we have to help the now we'll help them from another country we come with ready made packages because we know they had no running water and no electricity and we thought we had to change that we have to lift them out of poverty we saw it as poverty because in our country we have running water and electricity and that's our benchmark for a good life and we are not poor any more that's the problem. does is just. the western definition of poverty coupled with an infantilizing development aid system has created many problem image. is every kenyan longs for a western standard of living who wants to live in simple huts when the rest of the world appears so rich and so the when educated people of the country so urgently
needs simply leave. twenty eight year old peter now lives in the united states he was one of sister louisa's joggers he visits her as often as he can he owes so much to her. when peter was eight he came to sister louise as a refugee from south sudan. kenya has long been a place of refuge from the war torn neighbors states no other country in the region has taken in more refugees despite all its own problems. i don't even think that always been exist how worse probably would be dead by now and the wars and for the opportunity that system is often. going to be no future for me. and that's honestly speaking and just from the fact that what south sudan is going
through right now there's really there's really limited chances of hope but with sister louisa han hope and safety. in the one nine hundred ninety his sister louisa rented accommodation for child refugees and child soldiers from south sudan. peter was one of them oh well this gate right here i used to actually run through it without bending when i had to really bend because of grooms that are grew so much oh boy. here in. harlem. this is a boys' compound not much changes really. the school in the neighborhood didn't want to teach the traumatized child refugees as a result sister louisa opened her own primary school for the children peter attended
it. i was lucky to be where i was at the time and i really think god for that for this kids some of them don't even know what tomorrow will be some of them are even thinking about what they will be eating tonight will they be going to bed hungry or. they'll find some food from you know a neighbor or something if their parents don't have much you know so it's it's a challenging situation especially it's not just them as a lot of kids and in general in africa and through the program and they manual foundation my sister's running right now is a great example of a foundation to give hopes and children. i was no different at all from them i was no different at all. kenya's children only stand a chance of sustainable development aid in the country creates future prospects
peter wasn't able to return to a home still ravaged by war and persecution thanks to a scholarship in america he was able to get his high school education and physiotherapist training that. many kenyans have no faith that they can turn their own fate around the poorest of the poor in particular have never learned to take personal responsibility if need be they get money from one of the many development aid organizations helping them to get by for a few days but this well intentioned help over the decades has fueled power. and materialism without lastingly improving the lives of the people. the standard model of development aid creates a situation where the people are constantly grateful and when you're grateful for long enough and you never able to get yourself out of your misery then you're subservient you're someone without any feeling of self-worth or self-confidence you
step aside when a white person comes because the white person could be the one who can pay for your school families. personal responsibility is nurtured and encouraged in the skills center. pastors mother can only pay a fraction of the school fees that's why i asked the rest of the money at school there are no scholarships here but their support that's how some managed to work for their school fees i'm doing the job to pay my school fees now and stuff like that i was doing. planting cleaning the compound feeding the two guests and that was my job but now look at a bustling the stuff i look at are but i'm still being just now. whereas there's a home she helps her single mother who only has a modest income as a market woman. it's barely enough for her and her six children
to live. i want a better future for my daughter i want her to go to school to learn and study she should have a better life for myself here. as desired teacher is visiting today. she's in close contact with her students and also includes the parents in her work. do you see a difference between esther and the other girls who went to primary school with her but who weren't able to continue their education or learn a job. those are still going to there's one main difference most of the other girls have had children and got married. and i'm glad that she was able to continue her schooling and further her education. you know
to go and help. as this teacher is also called esther she spent her own childhood in the slum together with her mother she somehow managed to cobble together the money for her education. my life to am in that is it also. i am in the middle class. when i meet those goals i origin. is easier for me to to absorb them into understanding them into the mystery and then i try to tell a story where story and i see the need for me to help them. understand is what. i am to have so congressman my problem isn't going to try my best to. make my teacher. has to learn the skills centered to be effective herself. someone with this attitude and her training she stands
a good chance of getting a job that will improve her mother's life to. the point the projects have to be designed so that you foster the participants sense of personal responsibility and i'll bet on it has to be in built measure it isn't it can't be just because a wants it or a white person wants is an only it has to be because i understand what it means to create something for myself for myself a bus a chef and. we're back with florence a few days after her release the nest do a home visit. see learn yochi i hear the question is come florence find a way back into her old life and how with the sisters react. they were quickly married off when florence went to jail. the eldest was the substitute mother the father had left the family.
the social worker from the nest is there for the entire encounter and watches it closely. just been used and he paid the police and those he's wanted but i lawrence doesn't want to return to this place she says. all of them here would be too many. she didn't know or her sisters would be married by now and. again. florence says it wouldn't be traditional for her to move in here as well she prefers to live somewhere else. if they need me they can visit me.
knowing that. distance is better a husband wouldn't like it if she were constantly with her sisters florence has made her decision. that. we wouldn't want to take her to a place that she doesn't want to leave we'll go to the town where she wants to go and even who can get a house then receive what business can be done there and really integrate had their family. despite all the problems and injustices in their country many kenyans have learned to turn their need into something positive they know they contra line on the state they take their fate into their own hand pity and then want to help them there's a growing number of change makers in kenya well educated people who are staying in the country in order to change things i believe kenya has
a chance to turn around. the vision i have is to have responsible resourceful citizens how do we do it. by myself knowing that i have the skills for social work and community development how can my skills change the life of a young person or. years to change the lives of other people then the trickle effect. the site saw i may have done my part another person is doing their part i think it's time now we started and learning from each other so that we don't repeat the same mistakes someone else. went through. and move at a faster. every child in the slums now knows how important it is to go to school.
more and more young women are striving for a good education before starting a family. invest their. dad came out. sustainable aid projects such as those offered by the charity. can help the people of kenya along the way but they have to achieve it themselves. i hope the nest will help me and i hope to become a seamstress. it will be a long time before nancy can say goodbye to the next before she's ready to make a new stone. but if nancy and her
generation manage to turn their own fates around then there's hope for the whole country. do you. think his english when in the monastery got. a disaster as debut against braining. even under ma jean schmidt was spoiled only managed douglas. an easy victory for my own child girl was out pushover three
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